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  • ID:4-4733974 Starter Unit 2 What’s this in English?课时练(有答案解析)

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/七年级上/starters 预备篇(2012秋审查)/Unit 2 What’s this in English?

    Starter Unit 2 What‘s this in English 1. —What’sthis?—________aquilt. A. That’sB. ThisisC. ItD. It’s 2. —________—C-U-P. A. What’sthis?B. Spellit,please. C. It’samap. D. Howareyou? 3. JeremyLin(林书豪)isinthe________. A. CBAB. BBCC. CNND. NBA 4. —What________thisinEnglish?—________amap. A. is;ThisisB. is;This’sC. is;That’sD. is;It’s 5. Thisis________orangeandthatis________jacket. A. a;aB. an;anC. a;anD. an;a 6. What’sthis________English? A. atB. ofC. onD. in 7. 与字母N含有相同音素的字母是________。 ================================================ 压缩包内容: starter unit 2 what’s this in english.课时练(有答案解析).doc

  • ID:4-4733972 Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are. (6课时学案)

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/九年级全/Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?/本单元综合与测试

    Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are 第一课时 Section A (1a-2d) 班级: 学生: 分数: 【学习目标】 1. Important words:restroom,stamp,beside,postcard,pardon,bathroom,rush 2. Important phrases:get some information, buy some stamps, get a pair of shoes, go to the third floor, go past, between…and…, turn left/right 3. 帮助学生听懂谈论问路和指路的对话;学会用英语问路和指路。 【学习重点难点】 重点:本课时的重点单词和短语。 难点: 学会用英语问路和指路。 【学法指导】预习---讨论---听说---听力---对话—朗读---作业 【教学过程】 导入(启发探究) If you’re new to this school. You need to know where the toilet is. How can you ask where the toilet is 让学生进行讨论:如何询问? 二、自学(自主探究) 生词检测 1. 洗手间;公共厕所 2. 邮票;印章 3. 在旁边;在附近 4. 明信片 5. 请再说一遍;抱歉;对不起 6. 浴室;洗手间 7. 仓促;急促 短语检测: 1.get some information about the town 2.buy some stamps 3.get a pair of shoes 4.go to the third floor 5.go past the bookstore 6.between the bank and the supermarket 7.turn left/right 三、交流(合作探究) 1. 同桌结对讨论1a练习 2. 做1b 听力练习,并核对答案; 小组合作完成1c 对话。 3. 同桌结对完成2a并交流, 同桌结对完成2b. 2c .2d 并练习句型 四、总结(引深探究) 1.英语如何问路和指路 1). 英语中表达问路或问处所的句式有很多,常用Could you please…?意为“请你……好吗?”,是有礼貌地请求的交际用语,后接动词原形。 以 ‘打扰了,请问去书店怎么走?’ (1)Excuse me. Could you tell me to the bookshop (2)Excuse me. Could you tell me how the bookshop (3)Excuse me. Could you tell me how to the bookshop (4)Excuse me. Could you tell me the bookshop (5)Excuse me. is the way to the bookshop, please (6)Excuse me. the bookshop, please (7)Excuse me. How get to the bookshop, please 2)、指路句型 (1). 回答Where’s the (nearest)… 可用以下简单的答语: a. It’s between the cinema and the fruit shop. b. It’s next to / in front of / behind / on the left (right) side of the library. c. It’s in / on / to the south / north / west / east of the park. (2). 回答Which is the way to…please 和How can I get to… 等问路的话时,可根据具体情况,将下列有关句子组织起来用: Walk along this road/street. 沿着这条路/街走。 It’s about … metres from here. 从这里大约…米。 Take the lst/… turning on the left/right. 在第…个转弯处左/右转。 It’s about … meters along on the right/left. 沿右边/左边大约…米。 Turn right / left at the first / second crossing / turning / corner. Turn right/left at the traffic lights. You’ll find the … on the right/left.在交通灯右/左转,你会发现……在右/左边。 Go on until you reach the end of the road/street. You’ll see the … in front of you.继续走一直到路/街的尽头,你就会看 Go down this street/road until you reach the 1st/2nd/… traffic lights. Turn right/left. At the end of the road/street you’ll see the …沿着这条街/路走一直到达第一/二……交通灯,右/左转,在街/路的尽头你会看到… 2. excited/exciting ①excited意为“激动的;兴奋的”,作表语时,主语通常是人;作定语时,常用来修饰人。 ②exciting意为“激动人心的”,作表语时,主语通常是物;作定语时,常用来修饰物。 I was so when I heard the news. 3. excuse me, pardon和sorry区别 1). excuse me常用于事先表示歉意,引出可能使对方不高兴的话或事,在想打搅他人,表示道歉的用语: Excuse me, could I sit at this table 打搅一下,我可以坐在这张桌子吗? 2). pardon的用法 a. 在没有听清对方说的话,请求重复时 I beg your pardon (or: Pardon)请再说一遍好吗? b. 在做错事时表示歉意,此种错事可能较严重,不能仅仅说一声sorry而了之 I beg your pardon; I didn’t mean to take your umbrella.对不起,我不是故意拿错你的伞的。 c. 后面既可以跟宾语 pardon sb sth“原谅/宽恕某人某事”。 也可以跟双宾语 pardon sb.for doing sth.意为“原谅/宽恕某人做某事” 3) . sorry的用法 a. 表示适度的遗憾或歉意Oh, sorry, did I stand in your light啊,对不起,我挡了你的亮了吧? b. 表示难过、惋惜 We are sorry to hear that he has been seriously ill.听说他病得很严重,我们很难过。 注意:在对方遇到较大的不幸时,只能说“I am sorry.”,而不能说“I am sorry for you.” 【反思】 ================================================ 压缩包内容: Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are (第1课时学案).doc Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are (第2课时学案).doc Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are (第3课时学案).doc Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are (第4课时学案).doc Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are (第5课时学案).doc Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are (第6课时学案).doc

  • ID:4-4733970 Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious! (6课时学案)

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/九年级全/Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious! /本单元综合与测试

    Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious! 第一课时 Section A (1a-2d) 班级: 学生: 分数: 【学习目标】 1. Important words:stranger,relative Important phrases: the Water Festival,the Dragon Boat Festival,the Chinese Spring Festival,the Lantern Festival,wash away,put on,throw water at each other,eat out 2. 学会that/if/whether引导的宾语从句及用法 3. 学会what/how引导的感叹句。 【学习重点】:学习使用感叹句来谈论对节日的喜好。 【学习难点】:学习使用宾语从句来表述自己对节日的看法和观点。 【学法指导】 预习---听说---听力---对话—朗读---作业; 运用已有学习经验 【教学过程】 导入(启发探究) How many festivals do you know in China What are they? 二、自学(自主探究) 生词检测 1.月饼____________2.陌生人________________3.亲属__________________ 4.英镑__________________5.灯笼________________ 短语检测: 1.the Water Festival 2.the Dragon Boat Festival ================================================ 压缩包内容: Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious! (第1课时学案).doc Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious! (第2课时学案).doc Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious! (第3课时学案).doc Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious! (第4课时学案).doc Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious! (第5课时学案).doc Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious! (第6课时学案).doc

  • ID:4-4733968 Unit 1 How can we become good learners?(6课时学案)

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/九年级全/Unit 1 How can we become good learners./本单元综合与测试

    Unit 1 How can we become good learners 第一课时Section A(1a-2d) 班级: 学生: 分数: 【学习目标】 (1)熟练掌握下列词汇: textbook conversation aloud pronunciation sentence patient expression (2)熟练掌握下列短语: work with friends ask the teacher for help read aloud make word cards practice pronunciation (3)掌握下列句型: --- How do you study for a test --- I study by working with a group. 【学习重点难点】 学习重点: 重点短语和句型 学习难点: How 对方式进行提问及用by+doing回答 【学法指导】 预习---听说---听力---对话—朗读---作业; 运用已有学习经验 【教学过程】 一、导入(启发探究) How do you study for an English test Maybe you have many different ways, now check(√) the ways you use in 1a. Then add other ways you sometimes use. 二、自学(预习课本P1-2新单词),完成下面的汉译英 单词: 1.课本____________  2.交谈____________  3.大声地______ _____ 4.发音(n)____________5.句子______________ 6.有耐心的_____________ 短语: 1.和朋友学习____________ 2.制作单词卡____________   3.读课本___________ 4.听磁带____________   5.向老师求助______________ 6.小组学习_____________ 7.和朋友对话______________ 8.大声朗读练习发音____________ 9.口语表达能力 _____________ 10.太···而不能·· 11.英语口语 12.用那种方式 13.逐字地 14.越···越··· 三、交流(合作探究) 同桌结对练习1a句型 Work in pairs. Ask your partner how he or she studies for a test. eg: A: How do you study for a test B: I study by working with a group. by making flashcards by working with friends by asking the teacher for help by reading aloud by making vocabulary lists 同桌结对完成1b Listen. 并核对答案; 小组合作完成1c 四、总结(引深探究) 1. by ①--How do you study for a test --I study by working with a group. ② We usually go to school by bike. ③English is spoken by many people. by的意思是“通过……的方式”时,后接 ;当表示“乘坐”时,后跟 ; 它还可以表示 ,用于被动语态,引导出动作的发出者。 跟踪练习 1) He goes to school bike. A. by B. on C. in D. at 2) -- How do you study English so well By lots of books. A. read B. look C. watching D. reading 2. aloud / loud/ loudly aloud出声地;大声地。常与read/call等词连用,不用于比较级;(Don’t read aloud in the library.) loud高声地;大声地;喧闹地。指说话声和笑声,常与talk/speak/laugh/sing等词连用,常用于比较级;( We can’t hear you. Please speak louder.) loudly高声地;喧闹地。可以和loud互换,但含有“吵闹”的意思,不悦耳。( I feel very annoyed when they argue loudly.) 跟踪练习 ①老师要求我大声朗读课文。The teacher asked me to the text . ②请大声点说,以便我能听清楚。Please so that I can hear you clearly. ③不要这么大声,婴儿在睡觉。Don’t so . The baby is sleeping. 3. 练习做某事 practice doing sth. We practice __________ English every day.(我们每天练习说英语。) 五、交流(合作探究) 同桌结对完成2a并交流, 同桌结对完成2b. 2c .2d 并练习句型 六、总结(引深探究) 1. 提建议的方法 (1)What about sth =How about sth ….怎么样? (2)Why don’t you do sth 为什么不做某事呢? (3)Let’s do sth 让我们一起做某事吧。 (4)Shall we/I do sth我们做…好吗? (5)You’d better (not)do sth 最好做/不做某事 (6) Will/Would you please do sth 请你做…好吗? (7)would you like to do sth.你想去做某事吗? (8)Would you mind (doing)sth?你介意做某事吗? 回答 (1). 同意对方的建议时,一般用: ◆ Good idea./ That’s good idea. 好主意 ◆OK/ All right./ Great 好/ 行/太好了◆ Yes, please ./ I’d love to 是的/ 我愿意 ◆ I agree with you 我同意你的看法 ◆ No problem 没问题◆Sure/ Of course/ Certainly 当然可以 ◆Yes, I think so 对,我也这样想 (2).对对方的帮助或要求表示委婉谢绝时,一般用:◆ I don’t think so 我认为不是这样 ◆Sorry, I can’t 对不起,我不能 ◆I’d love to, but…◆ I’m afraid我愿意,但恐怕…… ① –What about _______(listen) to some English songs -- It’s great . ② Why not ___ your teacher for help when you can’t finish _____ it by yourself A. ask; write B. to ask; writing C. ask; writing D. asking; write 2. some time /sometime/some times/sometimes 【口诀】:分开是一段, 合起是某时; 分开s 是倍次,合起s是有时 Mr. Green went to Sanya _____________(几次) last summer. ( ) I hope to visit the USA _____ in the future. A. sometimes B. some times C. sometime D. some time 3. too +形容词或副词+ to do sth. 太…..而不能去做某事 ================================================ 压缩包内容: Unit 1 How can we become good learners. (第1课时学案).doc Unit 1 How can we become good learners. (第2课时学案).doc Unit 1 How can we become good learners. (第3课时学案).doc Unit 1 How can we become good learners. (第4课时学案).doc Unit 1 How can we become good learners. (第5课时学案).doc Unit 1 How can we become good learners. (第6课时学案).doc

  • ID:4-4733648 外研版英语八年级上册预习知识清单(PDF版)

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/八年级上/本册综合

    八上英语预习提纲(外研版) Module 1 How to learn English 一、短语归纳 1. look up,查找 2. make a mistake 犯错误 3. talk about 谈论,讨论 4. speak English 讲英语 5. write down 写下,记下 6. next to 在…旁边 7.listen to the radio 听广播 8. be good for 对……有好处 9. write to 给……写信 10. a little 有点 11. agree with sb. 同意某人 12. talk to 跟……交谈 13. send….. to … 把……(发)送给某人 14. ask for 请求(给予)15. watch films 看电影 16. be from 来自 17. smile at 冲…… 微笑 18. go to bed 去睡觉 19. get up 起床 20. think about 考虑 21. make friends with sb.与某人交朋友 22. take sb. around. 带某人参观 23. a few 几个,一些 24. invite sb. to 邀请某人到….. 25. be good at 擅长 26. for example 例如 二. 重点知识:1.pair n. (相关的)两个人,一对,一双,一副 a pair of gloves 一副手套 two pairs of trousers 两条裤子 a pair of socks 一双袜子 e.g.A pair of teenage boys are watching a football game. 两个青少年正在看足球赛。 2.correct (1)v. 改正,纠正 e.g.The teacher returned to her room to correct exercise books. 老师回到房间 去改练习本。 Correct the spelling. 纠正拼写。 (2)adj. 正确的;恰当的 e.g.correct pronunciation 正确 发音 Do you have the correct time? 你的表走得准吗? 3.advice (1)n.意思是“意见,建议”,为不可数名词,可用 some,much,a piece of, pieces of 等修 饰,不能说 an advice 或 many/a few advices。 (2)表示“有关??的建议”时,用介词 on,接名词、代词或由疑问词引导的不定式。 e.g.Let’s ask for his advice on what to do next. 我们去征求一下他的意见下一步该怎么办。 常见搭配: take/follow one’s advice 接受某人的建议 ask for advice 征求意见 accept/refuse one’s advice 接受(拒绝)某人的建议 offer advice to sb. 拓展: advise vt.建议, 常见搭配:advise sb. to do sth. advise that sb. (should) do sth. e.g.My teacher advises me to leave now. 老师建议我现在就离开。 We advise measures(should)be taken to stop pollution at once. 我们建议立即采取措施以阻止污染。 4.We should always speak English in class. 我们应该总是在课堂上说英语。 should 是情态动词,意思是“应该”。通常用来表示现在或将来的责任或义务。 should/shouldn’t do sth. e.g.He should work harder. 他应该更加努力。 You should help your mother with the housework. 你们应该帮 妈妈做家务。 5.Let’s try to speak English as much as possible. 让我们一起尽可能地说英语。 (1)try e.g.They are trying to study English well. 他们正努力学好英语。 I am trying doing it in this way. 我正试着用 这种方法做。 We should try/do our best to help the people in trouble. 我们应该尽最大努力帮助困境中的人 们。 (2)as … as possible 译为“尽量”、 “尽最大努力(可能)”,主要用于 as...as possible/one can。 e.g.You should rest as much as possible. 你应当尽量多休息。 I have helped you as much as I can. Now it is up to you. 我已尽我所能地帮助你了。现在该看你自己了。 6.Each time you will learn something new. I also advise you to talk about the films or songs with your friends. 每次你将会学习一些新东西。我也建议你和朋友们谈论电影或歌曲。 time 的用法: (1)time 侧重指 “时间”这一概念,或说明“时间”的量,time 用作不可数名 词,前面可 much, little, a lot of, plenty of 等 修饰。 e.g.This saves time and allows farmers to grow an extra crop in each season. 这节省了时间,使农民能 够在每个季节中多种点庄稼。 (2)当作“次数;倍数”讲时,time 是可数名词。 e.g.I have been to Beijing three times. 我去过北京三次。 (3)time 构成的短语: at a time 一次,每一次, at one time 曾经,一度 at times /from time to time 有时,偶尔 all the time 总是,一直 in time 及时, on time 准时 (4)time 构成的句型: ① It’s time for sb. to do sth./It’s (high) time sb. did sth. 该是某人干??的时间了。 e.g.It’s time for children to go to bed. 是小孩睡觉的时候了。 It’s high time that we started. 我们该出发了。 ② each time (每次) next time , (下次) the first/last time , (第一次/最后一次?? 的时候)等词 组引导的时间状语从句。 e.g.The last time I went to China, I visited Shanghai. 我上次到中国时,游览了上 海。 7.I suggest you write four or five words a day on pieces of paper and place them in your room. 我建议你一天 把四个或者五个单词写在纸上并且放在你的房间里。 suggest,做动词,表示“建议,提议”的意思,对 应的名词是 suggestion。suggest 的用法: e.g.She suggested an early start. 她建议早一点出发。 I suggested his / him giving up the foolish idea. 我建议 他放弃那愚蠢的念头。 She suggested that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 她建议班会不 要在星期六举行。 注意:当 suggest 表示“暗示,表明”的意思,它后面接宾语从句,谓语用真实 的 时态,而不用“should+动词原形”。 e.g.他脸上的表情表明他很开心。 (×)The expression on his face suggested that he should be very happy. (√)The expression on his face suggested that he was very happy 游 览了上海。 8.提建议的几种表达方法 句型 意思 举例 You should/shouldn’t.... 你应该/不应该…… You shouldn’t copy others’ homework. How/What about...? ……怎么样? What about going for a picnic? Why don’t you/Why not...? 为什么不……? Why not ask the teacher for help? Don’t forget.... 别忘了…… Don’t forget to read an English story. Try to.... 努力…… Try to remember ten words a day. Try not to.... 尽量不要…… Try not to look up the words in a dictionary while reading. Shall we...? 我们……好吗? Shall we go to see Mr. Black? Let’s 让我们……吧。 Let’s listen to music and films in English. You’d better (not).... 你最好(不要)…… You’d better not play with fire. Tt’s a good idea to do … 做…是个好主意 It’s a good idea to read English loudly,too. Module 2 My home town and my country 1.It is on the River Cam and has a population of about 120,000. 它(剑桥)位于康河河畔,人口约为 12 万。 population n. 意思是“人口,居民”,它是一个集体名词,它的用法有时较为特 殊, 所以很容易用错。 ① population 常与定冠词 the 连用,作主语用时,谓语动词常用第三人称单数形 式。 e.g.The world’s population is increasing faster and faster. 全世界的人口增长得越来越快。 ② 当主语是表示“人口的百分之几、几分之几”时,谓语动词用复数形式。 e.g.About seventy percent of the population in China are farmers. 中国大约有百分之七十的人口是农民 ③ 有时 population 可用作可数名词,其前可用不定冠词。 e.g.China has a population of about 1.3 billion. =There is a population of about 1.3 billion in China. 中国大约有十三亿人口。 ④表示人口的 “多” “少” 或 ,不用 “much” “little” 或 ,而要用 “large” “small” 或 。 e.g.India has a large population. 印度人口众多。 Singapore has a small -population. 新加坡人口少。 ⑤ 询问某国、 某地有多少人口时, “How much...?” 而用 不用 , “How large...?” 。 在问具体 人口时用“What...?”。 e.g.—What is the population of Canada? = How large is the population of Canada? 加拿大的人口有多少? —The population of Canada is about 29 million. 加拿大的人口大约有二千九百万。 2.It has a population of about seven and a half million, so it is bigger and busier than Cambridge. 它(伦敦) 大约有 750 万人口,所以比剑桥更大更繁忙。 (1)million 是数词,意思是“百万”。它的用法如下: ① 当与具体数字连用时,习惯上用单数,而且也不后接介词 of。 e.g.three million people 三百万人 He was prepared to pay two million. 他愿意支付 200 万。 但是,后面的名词有了 the, these, those 等特指限定词 修饰时,或其后的接的是 us, them 这样的人称代词时,则此时必须用介词 of。 e.g.About three million of them have left there. 他们当中约有三百万人离开了那儿。 ②当不与具体数字连用,而是表示不确定的泛指数时,则不仅要用复数,而且要 后接介词 of,然后才 能接名词。 e.g.A careless mistake cost the company millions of pounds. 一个粗心的错误使公司蒙受数百镑 的损失。 拓展:与 million 有相同用法的数词还有:hundred(百), thousand(千), billion (十亿)。 形容词的比较级的规则变化及用法。 (1)比较级规则变化: 一般直接加-er long tall longer taller;不 发音的 e 结尾时加-r late later large larger;单音节词和少数双音节词 辅音字母加 y 结尾时把 y 变 i, 再加-er happy easy easier happier ;重读闭音节结尾并且只有一个辅音字 母时, 双写最后的辅音字母, 再加-er big hot bigger hotter (2)形容词比较级用法 ① 表示两者进行比较时用形容词比较级, 最明显的提示词是 than, 其结构为 “A? +比较级+than+B”。 e.g.Li Lei’s room is bigger than mine. 李雷的房间比我的大。 This mooncake is nicer than that one. 这块月饼比那块好吃。 ② 有表示程度的副词 a little,a bit,a few,a lot,much,even, still,far,rather, any 等修饰时,用形容词比较级。 e.g.I feel even worse now. 我现在觉得更难受了。 It is much colder today than before. 今天比以前冷得多。 ③比较级前面可以加上表示具体数量差别的结构, 表示具体“大多少”,“小多少”,“长多少”,“短多少”等。 e.g.I am two years older than he. 我比他大两 岁。 This building is 20 meters higher than that one. 这栋楼房比那栋高 20 米。 ④表示“两者之间最??一 个(of the two)”时,常用“the+比较级”结构。 e.g.Mary is the taller of the twins. Mary 是双胞胎中的高个 子。 ⑤表示“越来越??”,用比较级重叠结构,即“比较级+and+比较级”,多音节词和部分双音节词时 用“more and more+形容词原级”。 e.g.It’s getting warmer and warmer in spring. 春天天气变得越来越暖和。 Our home town is becoming more and more beautiful. 我们的家乡越来越漂亮了 Module 3 Sports 本节课进一步学习形容词和副词的比较级的规则变化和不规则变化 (1)规则变化: 多音节词和部分双音节词在原级前加 more 在原级前加 less 原级 careful beautiful important useful 比较级 more careful more beautiful less important less useful (2)不规则变化: 原级 good/well(身体好的) many/much bad/ill little far old 比较级 better more worse less farther(较远) further(进一步) older elder(较年长的) (3) 形容词和副词比较级用法 ① 表示两者进行比较时用比较级,最明显的提示词是 than,其结构为“A?+ 比较级+than+B”。 e.g.The sun is bigger than the moon. 太阳比月亮更大。 This painting is nicer than that one. 这幅绘画比那幅更漂亮。 ② 有表示程度的副词 a little,a bit,a few, a lot,much,even,still,far,rather, any 等修饰时,用比较级。 e.g.I feel even better now. 我现在觉得 好多了。 It is much cooler today than before. 今天比以前凉爽得多。 ③ 比较级前面可以加上表示具体数 量差别的结构,表示具体“大多少”,“小多 少”,“长多少”,“短多少”等。 e.g.This house is 10 meters higher than that one. 这栋楼房比那栋高 10 米。 ④ 表示“两者之间最??一个(of the two)”时,常用“the+比较 级”结构。 e.g.Mary is the fatter of the twins. Mary 是双胞胎中较胖的。 ⑤ 表示“越来越??”,用比较级 重叠结构,即“比较级+and+比较级”,多音节词和部分双音节词时用“more and more+形容词原级”。 e.g.It’ s getting warmer and warmer in spring. 春天天气变得越来越暖和。 Our city is becoming more and more beautiful. 我们的城市越来越漂亮了。 ⑥ 表示“越??就越??”时,用“the+比较级,the+比较级”结构。 e.g.The busier he is, the happier he feels. 他越忙越高兴。 Module 4 Planes, ships and trains (1) 规则变化: 一般直接加-est 原级 long tall 最高级 longest tallest biggest hottest; 不发音的 e 结尾时加-st late large latest largest 单音节词和少数双 辅音字母加 y 结尾音节词 时把 y 变 i, 再加-est easy happy easiest happiest 重读闭音节结尾并且只有一个辅音字母时, 双写最后的辅音字母,再加-est big hot 多音节词和部分双音节词在原级前加 most 在原级前加 least careful beautiful important useful most careful most beautiful least important least useful (2)不规则变化: 原级 good/well(身体好的) many/much bad/ill little far 最高级 best most worst least farthest(更远的) furthest(最大程度) oldest eldest(较年长的) (3)形容词最高比较级用法 ① 表示三者或三者以上的人或物进行比较时,用最高级形式。形容词最高级前必须加定冠词 the,句 末常跟一个 in/of 短语来表示范围。(of 表示同范围,in 表示不同范围) e.g.He is the strongest of the three boys. 在三个男孩子中,他是最强壮的。 Shanghai is the biggest city in China. 上海是中国最大的城市。 ② 表示在三者或三者以上的人或物进行选择时, “Which/Who is+the+最高级, 用 A,B or C?”结构。 e.g.Which city is the most beautiful, Beijing, Shanghai or Fuzhou? 哪个城市最漂亮,北京,上海还是福州? ③ 表示“最…的…之一”时,用“one of the+形容词最高级”结构,该形容词后面的名词要用复数形式。 e.g.Zhou Jielun is one of the most popular singers. 周杰伦是最受欢迎的歌星之一。 ④ 形容词最高级前面可 以加序数词,表示“第几最??”。 e.g.The Changjiang River is the first longest river in China. 长江是中国第 一大长河。 ⑤ 形容词最高级前面可以有物主代词,指示代词,名词所有格等修饰,但此时不能再用定 冠词 the。 e.g.This is our last lesson today. 这是我们今天的最后一节课。 ⑥ 形容词比较级结构可以表示 最高级含义。 e.g.Li Lei is the tallest student in his class. 李雷是班上最高的学生。 =Li Lei is taller than any other student in his class.李雷比班上其他任何一个学生都高。 =Li Lei is taller than the other students in his class. 李雷比班上其他所有的学生都高。 =Li Lei is taller than anyone else in his class. 李雷比班上其他任何 人都高。 Module 5 Lao She Teahouse 1.offer (1)做动词,意思是“提供;提议;提出”。常用的搭配: ① offer sth. e.g.Many people willingly offered their blood. 很多人自愿献血。 ② offer sb. sth.=offer sth. to sb. 把某物给予某人 e.g.The young man offered the old man his own seat on the bus. =The young man offered his own seat to the old man on the bus. 那个年轻人在公共汽车上将自己的座位 让给了那位老人。 ③ offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 e.g.She offered to lend me her bike. 她提出将自行车借给我。 (2)做名词,表示愿做某事或给予某物(后接 of/to do sth) 。 e.g.Thank you for your kind offer of helping me. = Thank you for your kind offer to help me. 谢谢你提供的帮助。 2.Show show 做及物动词,意为“展示;显示;给??看”,show 后可接双宾语。 ① show sb. sth.或 show sth. to sb. e.g.Show me your pen, please. =Show your pen to me, please. 请让我看一 下你的钢笔。 Show your tickets, please. 请出示车票。给某人看或者展示某物 注意:在“show+间接宾语+直接宾语”结构中,若直接宾语为指物的代词 it 或 them 时,只能用“show it(them) to sb.”结构。 你有一支钢笔,请给我看看。 You have a new pen, please show it to me. √ You have a new pen, please show me it. × ②意为 “带领” 常构成短语 show sb. to, 意为 , “带某人去??” show sb. around, ; 意为“带某人 参观”。 e.g.Please show me to your school. 请带我到你们学校去。 Uncle Wang is going to show us around his farm. 王叔叔将带领我们参观他的农场. ③ show+ that 从句 看出或者显示说明?? e.g.Your homework shows that you are careful. 从你的作业上可 以看出你很认真。 此外,show 还可用作名词,意为“展览;陈列;演出”,常构成短语 on show, 意 为“陈列,展览” 。 e.g.There is going to be a picture show in our school. 我们学校将举办一次画展。 His pictures are on show now. 他的画现在正在展览。 3.If you like the Beijing Opera, traditional music or magic shows, you can enjoy them at the teahouse. 如果你 喜欢京剧、传统音乐和魔术表演,你可以在这家茶馆里欣赏到它们。 (1) 这个句子是一个由 if 引导的条件状语从句。 是连词, if 意思是 “如果; 若” 。 主句是 you can enjoy them at the teahouse,从句是 you like the Beijing opera, traditional music or magic shows。 思考: 如何使用 if 条件状语从句呢? ① 在句中做条件状语的从句是条件状语从句,可以放在句首,也可以放在句末。 常见的 if 条件状语 从句表示在某条件下,某事很可能发生。紧跟在 if 后面的句子是从句。 e.g.If you ask him,he will help you. 如果你请他帮忙,他会帮你的。 If you fail in the exam,you will let him down. 如果你考试不及格, 你会让他失望的。 ② 另外,if 从句还表示不可实现的条件或根本不可能存在的条件,也就是一种虚拟的条件或假设。 从 句多用一般过去时或过去完成时,表示对现在或过去的一 种假设。 e.g.If I were you,I would invite him to the party. 如果我是你,我会邀请他参加聚会。 学习小窍门: if 条件句不一般,几个要点记心间; 条 件句,放在前,逗号要放句中间。 条件句表可能,主句多用将来时; 条件句表事实,主句常用现在时。 ③ if:当“是否”讲时,引导宾语从句。 e.g.I don’t know if he will be free tomorrow. 我不知道他明天是 否有空。 注意:if 引导的条件状语从句中,如果主句使用的是一般将来时,或含有情态动 词的句子或 祈使句,从句通常用一般现在时。 e.g.If it rains tomorrow, we will not go to the zoo. 如果明天下雨的话, 我们将不去动物园。 If he comes, let me know. 如果他来,让我知道。 (从句用一般现在时,主句是祈使 句) 4.难点知识讲解:动词不定式(I) (1)动词不定式的含义 生活中我们常遇到“我努力去理解”、“决定 留下来”等表达方式,其中连续出现了两个动词,这种情况下英语应该如何表达呢?首先请看下面的例 句: We decided to stay for a cup of tea. 我们决定留下来喝杯茶。 I tried to understand the words. 我努力理 解这些话。 I want to go to the teahouse. 我想去茶馆。 这三个句子中使用了 decide to do sth.,want to do sth.,try to do sth.的表达方 式,即行为动词后的动词都采用了“to+动词原形”的结构。我们把这种结构 称为动词不定式。其否定形式是“not to do”。 (2)动词不定式作宾语的用法 动词不定式置于谓语动词之后,作动词的宾语,表明意图、希望或决定的内 容。 在英语中,并不是 所有两个动词连用时都采用“动词+不定式”的形式,一 般说来,用不定式时,所表示的多为将来的行 为。但是在具体使用中同学们还要 注意记忆,因为动词不同,其后动词形式的要求也就不同。 常见的 后面接“to 十动词原形”作宾语的动词有:plan, decide, hope, want, agree, offer, try, like, love 等。 口诀(接 不定式作宾语的动词) 想要学习 早打算( want learn plan) 快准备 有希望( prepare hope wish expect) 同意否 供选择(agree offer choose) 决定了 已答应(decide determine promise) 尽力去 着手做(manage undertake) 别拒绝 别假装(refuse pretend) 失败不是属于你(fail) e.g.Tom refused to lend me his pen. 汤 姆拒绝把他的钢笔借给我。 We hope to get there before dark. 我们希望在天黑之前到达那儿。 The girl decided to do it herself. 这个女孩决定自己做。 注意:某些及物动词可用-ing 也可用动词不定式作宾语, 但意义不同的有:forget,stop.remember,try Module 6 Animals in danger 1.形容词变成副词的规律。 一般在形容词的词尾加-ly 可以变成副词。 例如: quick—quickly, slow— slowly, loud—loudly, sudden—suddenly 等。 2.特殊情况: 构成方法 例子 一些以“辅音字母+y”结尾的形容词,要把 y 改为 i 再加-ly。 happy—happily, angry—angrily 有些以-ble 或-le 结尾的形容词,去掉 e 加-y。 possible—possibly terrible—terribly 少数以 e 结尾的形容词,要去掉 e 再加-ly。 true—truly polite—politely 但绝大多数以 e 结尾的形容词仍然直接加-ly。 wide—widely 以-l 结尾的形容词变为副词时仍然要在词尾加-ly,而不是只加-y。 careful—carefully useful—usefully,除 非是以-ll 结尾的才在词尾只加-y。 full—fully 温馨提示:副词修饰行为动词这一点。如: He is very ________(careful). He does everything ________(carefully) 第一句中是作表语,用形容词 careful;第二句中修饰行为动词 does 用副词 carefully。 3.常考的形容词和副词-辨析有:hard 努力——hardly 几乎不;late 迟的,晚的—— lately 近来;deep 深 ——deeply 深深地;near 靠近——nearly 差不多;wide 宽 ——widely 广泛地;high 高的——highly 高 度地;close 靠近的——closely 密 切地; free 免费的——freely 自由地。 典例剖析: Tom studies ________ but his sister ________ studies. A.hard,hard C.hard,hardly:B.hardly,hardly D.hardly,hard 此题第一个陷阱是 hard 和 hardly 的区别,通常我们会认为 hard 的副词是 hardly,事实上 hard 既是 adj.又是 adv.,而 hardly 是另外一个 adv.,中文是“几乎不…”。hard 作为 adv.时,通常在修饰的动词 之后,而 hardly 通常在动词之前,译这句中文“Tom 学习努力,而他的妹妹则几乎不学习。”同根副词 意义有别的。 4.-ing 形容词和-ed 形容词的区别。 -ing 形容词-ed 形容词 例句 interested 感兴趣的 interesting 有趣的 I have an interesting book.He is interested in science. We are all interested in the interesting story. 令人兴奋的 excited 感到兴奋的 Have you heard of the exciting news? We are excited about the traveling. Titanic is a moving film. moving 令人感动的 moved 受感动的 We are moved by Hong Zhanhui deeply -ed 形容词表示主动意义,人对事物的感受,主语一般是人,常用于 “sb.+-ed 形容词+介 词”结构 -ing 形容词多指表示被动意义,多指事物对人的影响,一般修饰事物。 5.复习动词不定式 (1)不定式的基本形式是“to+动词原形”,或省略 to 用动词原形。在句中使 用时不能作谓语,但可 以和自己的宾语或状语构成不定式短语。 e.g.The mother wants her to read English every day. 母亲要她的儿 子每天读英语。 My mother asked me not to read in bed. 我的母亲要求我不要躺在床上看书。 (2)不定 式的句法作用: 动词不定式具有名词、形容词和副词的作用,它可以作宾语、宾补和状语。 ① 作宾语 e.g.He wants to go out with her. 他想和她一起出去。(want to do sth.意为“想要做某事”) 注意: a. 一些谓语动词后只能用 不定式作宾语,常见的这类词是表示命令、打算或希 望,如:would like, want, wish, hope, decide, plan, expect 等。 e.g.Would you like to see a film this evening? 你今晚想去看电影吗? b. 在 find, think 后跟 不定式作宾语时,常用 it 代替,而将真正的宾语放在句末。 e.g.I find it easy to read English every day. 我 发现每天读英语很简单。 ② 作宾语补足语:动词不定式作宾补时,它与宾语有逻辑上的主谓关系。 e.g.Lucy asked him to turn down the radio. 露丝要他关小收音机。(他关小收音机) 注意: 动词不定式在使役动词 make, let 和感官动词 see, watch, hear, feel 等词后作 宾补时, 常省去不定式符号 to。 better, would rather 后的不定式也不带 to, had help 后的不定式可带 to,也可不带 to。 e.g.Her mother makes her do homework every evening. 她 母亲要她每天晚上都写作业。 Let’s see the dolphins. 我们去看海豚吧。 I hear her sing every day. 我听见 她每天都唱歌。 You’d better do homework first.你最好先做作业。 但 make, see, hear 等词在被动语态中, 其后的不定式要带 to。 e.g.She was heard to speak English. 有人听到她说英语。 ③ 作目的状语,表示某一动作或状态的目的,常常翻译成“为了??”。它可 置于句首或者句末。 为了 使目的意义更加清楚或表示强调意义时,还可以在前面 加 in order to 或 so as to。 e.g.Mrs. Wang went to Shanghai to see her daughter. 王女士去上海看望她的女儿。 To arrive in time, we’ll start early. 为了及时到 达,我们将早出发。 We should work hard in order to pass the exam. =We should work hard so as to pass the exam. 我们应该努力学习以便我们能通过考试。 注意:不定式的否定形式是在不定式前加 not。 e.g.They told us not to play basketball too long. 他们告诉我们不要打太长时间的篮球。 You’d better not go to bed late. 你最好不要睡觉太晚。 M7 A famous story 1. a girl called Alice. 此处 called 为过去分词,修饰 girl,放在名词之后。相当于 named. 2.fall down 跌倒,掉下 fall into 落入……中 fall asleep 入睡 fall behind 跟不上,落在……后面 fall off 从……上掉下来 fall ill 生病 fall back 退回 Eg:She fell down and hurt her leg yesterday. Leaves fall off the trees in fall. They felt tired and fell asleep quickly. 3. It was sitting in a tree and smiling at everyone. in a tree on a tree (外来物或人)在树上 (树上本身有的东 西:apple 等)在树上 Eg:There is a bird in the tree. There are a lot of apples on the tree. smile at sb 对 sb 微笑 Eg:Lucy is very kind and always smiles at others. 4.“到达”的表达: arrive in+大地点 at+小地点 get to +地点 (get home\there\here) reach +地点 5. have a tea party 举办茶会 6. To see if you remember the story. To see 为不定式,在此处作目的状语,表示“为了看看” If 引导 的是一个宾语从句,表示“是否”,不充当任何成分,与 whether 可 以互换 7. have nothing to do 没什么事可做 nothing\something to eat\drink nothing 作主语时,谓语动词用第三人称单数 8. once or twice=from time to time 偶尔 Eg:Once or twice he goes to school on foot. once 一次 twice 两次 三次及以上:数词+times three times six times 9. what……for?=why……?为什么? ;……有什么用? Eg:(1) ---What are you sitting on the eggs for? ---I’m sitting on them to hatch the chicks. 2) ---Why are you late again? ---Because there is an accident on the road. 10. nothing strange 没什么奇怪的事 形容词 strange 作后置定语,修饰不定代词 nothing。在英语中,当 形容修饰 不定代词 something\anything\u005cnothing\everything 等时,形容词必须放在不定代词 后面, 作后置定语。 Eg:I have something important to do. There is something strange appeared in the sky. 11. hear sb do sth 听到 sb 做 sth(此处是省略 to 的动词不定式作宾语补足语, 类似的有 make\let\have\help sb do sth 等) hear sb doing sth 听到 sb 正在做 sth Eg:I heard her play the piano in the next room just now. I hear someone singing in the room. .take sth out of sp rush\jump out of sp 13. 把 sth 从 sp 掏出 从 sp 冲\跳出去 across 表示动作是在物体的表面进行,如过河,过桥,过马路。 through 表示动作是在物体的内部空间 进行,如穿过森林、门、隧道,光 线射入等 Eg:Be careful to look both ways before you go across the road. The driver must slow down when they drive through the tunnel. 14. too……to…… 太……而不能…… Eg:He is too young to carry the heavy bag. 拓展: (1) too……to……可以和 so……that……互换 Eg:She is too young to go to school. =She is so young that she can’t go to school. (2) too……to……可以和 not……enough to……互换(not 后的形容词与 too 后的形容词是相反的) Eg: She is too young to go to school. =She is not old enough to go to school. 15. land on 落到……上;着陆 Eg:The plane will land on the island in five minutes. 16. 宾语从句: (1) 定义:在主从复合句中,充当宾语成分的从句就叫做宾语从句。 (2) 位置:常在及物动词或介词之后。 (3) 引导词: that 无意义,不充当任何成分,常可以省略; if\whether 表示“是否”,不充当任何 成分,两者可以互换,但有 or not 时只能用 whether; who\what\where\when\why 等表示“谁”、“什 么”、“哪里”、“何时”、“为 什么”,分别可以充当主语、宾语、地点状语、时间状语和原因状语, 不可 以省略。 4) 语序:陈述句语序,即 “主语+谓语” (5) 时态: 当主句为现在或将来时态时,宾语从句可以使用任何时态; 当主句为过去时态时,宾 语从句可以使用过去的某种时态(一般过去 时,过去进行时等); 当主句为过去时态时,宾语从句表 示一种客观真理、事实时,用一 般现在时。 Eg:I know (that) you met him yesterday. He asked if I would come. I don’t understand what you say. He said there were no classes yesterday afternoon. The teacher said that light travels faster than sound. M8 Accidents 1. on the phone 通过电话通话(on 表示“通过”) 2. look pale 看起来很苍白 此处 look 作为半系动词,后跟 adj. 常见的半系动词有 taste\smell\sound\feel. Eg:The music sounds good. The food tastes delicious. The sofa feels comfortable. 3. listen 听(强调听的过程,后接宾语时需加 to,即 listen to……) hear 听到(强调听到的结果,后接 do 或 doing) Eg:We should listen to the teachers carefully. I hear someone singing in the next room. (我听到有人正在 隔壁房间唱歌) I hear someone sing in the next room. (我听到有人在隔壁房间唱歌) 4.appear(v.) 出现 → appearance(n.) disappear(v.) 消失 Eg:He suddenly disappeared in front of us. 5. hit 撞击;打 Eg:The bus hits the bridge. He hits me on the head. 此外,hit 还可以作名词,表示“轰动 一时的成功” Eg:His song made a hit. 6. be glad to do sth 很高兴去做 sth Eg:I am glad to see you again. 7. in time 及时 on time 准时,按时 Eg:I hope you can come back in time. Please hand in your homework on time. 8. fall off=fall down from 从……摔下来你 fall in love with sb 爱上某人 9. the risk of ……的风险 fall asleep 入睡 fall into 掉入 fall behind 落在……后面 side by side 肩并肩 pay attention to 注意……(to 是一个介词,后接名词或 doing Eg:We should pay more attention to developing economy. 10. sometimes 有时 some times 几次;几倍 sometime (将来或过去)某个时候 Eg:He sometimes sends me an e-mail. some time 一段时间 Remember it some times, or you will forget it. Let’s have a party sometime next week. I will stay with you for some time. 11. try to do sth 试图去做某事 事 have a try 试一试 Eg:The little boy tries to go across the road by himself. We should try our best to save the animals in danger. Do you have a try? 12. pick up 捡起,拾起(代词只能放中间,名词放在中间或后面均可) pick sb up (开车)接某人 pick sth up 学 会某事 try one’s best to do sth 尽某人全力去做某 Eg:After school, his father drives his car to pick him up everyday. Mike picked up a few words of Chinese last summer. 13. call sb call up=ring up 打电话给 sb call on 拜访 sb Eg:Call me up tomorrow. I called on my grandparents yesterday. 14. take photos 照相 hide up 包庇(坏人) hide out 躲藏 15. hide—hid—hidden 隐藏 hide sth from sb 瞒着某人某事 Eg:---Why did the policeman catch the man just now? ---He hid up the murderer. She hid her brother’s death from her parents. 16. throw—threw—thrown 扔;抛 throw about 到处乱扔 throw away 抛弃 throw at 向……扔去 Eg:Don’t throw about the waste paper. The naughty boy throws at the dog a stone. 17. As he was lying there in great pain,Henry suddenly remember the photo. lie 此处为不及物动词,意为“躺”。其过去式、过去分词分 别为 lay,lain;现在分词为 lying。 He was lying on the bed. lie 的其他用法: ①不及物动词,意为“说谎”。过去式、过去分词均为 lied;现 在分词为 lying。lie to sb 向 sb 撒谎 Eg: Don’t lie to me. ②不及物动词,意为“位于”。此时其过去式、过去分词分别为 lay,lain -;现在分 词为 lying。 Shandong lies in the east of China. 山东位于中国东部。 18. hurry up hurry to do sth in a hurry 19. as 当……时=when\while; as……as 与……一样 not as\so……as 与……不一样 as……as possible 尽可能=as……as sb can\could as soon as 一……就 Eg:He is as tall as me. We should study as hard as possible. I will call you as soon as I get home. 20. send sth to sb=send sb sth show sth to stb=show sb sth 21. use A to do B 用 A 去做 B → A be used to do B get\be used to doing 习惯于做 sth A 被用来做 B used to do sth 过去常常做 sth Eg:We can use the bamboo to make a basket. He is\gets used to getting up early. He used to get up early. 22. on one’s way to 在 sb 去……路上 in this way 用这种方法 get in the way 妨碍 in a way 在某种程度 by the way 顺便问下 take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣服) make a decision to do sth=decide to do sth 决定做某事 语法全解: when 和 while 都表示主从句的动作或状态同时发生,但二者意义不尽相同。 1. when 引导的从句可表示时间点,也可表示时间段,从句的位于动词既可以是 延续性动词,也可以是非延续性动词;while 引导的从句通常表示时间段,从句 中宜用延续性动词作谓 语。 They arrived while we were watching TV. 2. 含有 when 引导的时间状语的主从复合句,如果主句用过去进行时,从句应该 用一般过去式, 表示 一个动作正在进行的时候另一个动作发生,强调后一动作发 生的突然性。 We were watching TV when suddenly the lights went off. 3. 当主从句的动作都是延续的或同时发生,主从句都用过去进行时的时候,从 句多用 while 引导。 They were reading while we were writing . 4. 如果表示从句的动作在主句的动作“之前”或“之后”发生时,多用 when,不用 while。 此外,when 还含有“at the moment “的意思,此时引导的句子不能放在句首,也 不能用 while 来替换 主谓一致判 断法 主谓一致是指在一个英语句子中,主语和谓语在人称和数上要保持一致,这种一 致性体现在联系 动词 be 和助动词 do, have 的人称和数上,以及实义动词的第三 人称单数上 1. 2. 3. 不可数名词作主语 时,谓语动词用单数形式 动名词或动词不定式作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式 Either…or… : neither… nor…: not only…but also…: 连接两个名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词与邻近的名词或代词在人称和数上 保持一致。 4. 在 here : there 开头的倒装句中,谓语动词与后面的珠玉在数上保持一致。 M9 Population 1. The population of China is about 1.37billion. The population of sp is……. 表示 sp 有多少人。 此外用 sp has a population of……也可以表示 sp 有多少人。 形容人口(population)的多少用 big/ large 或 small 当 population 作主语时,谓 语动词用单数 ●询问某地有多少人口有两种表达方法: 1.What’s the population of … 2. How large is the population of … 注意:询问某地有多少人口时不用 how many 和 how much hundred\thousand\million\billion 等前有数字, 用单数形式 three hundred hundred\thousand\million\billion 等后有 of,用复数形式 thousands of 2. noise (n.) 噪音 noisy(adj.) 吵闹的 make noise 发出噪音 voice 指嗓音(人说话或唱歌) sound 指一切声音 3. prepare 准备 prepare for 为……做准备 prepare to do sth 准备去做某事. Eg:They are preparing for the New Year. We prepare to go fishing next weekend. 4. report 报告;报道 make a report 做报告 reporter 记者,通讯员 notes 名词复数形式 “笔记 随笔” make notes 记笔记 5. such as \for example 例如,比如 too much+不可数名词 too many+可数名词 Eg: I like fruit, such as apples, bananas. I have too much homework to do today. That dress is much too long for me. There are too many people in the shop on Sunday. 6. increase by+倍数\百分数 to+具体增长后的数字 增加了…… 增加到…… much too+adj. 太…… Eg:The number of teachers increased by twice. The population of the town increased to 50000. 7. be born in+年份\地点 of+家庭 I was born in 1985. He was born of a rich family. 8. one fifth 五分之一 分数的表达法:分子在前,用基数词;分母在后,用序数词。当分子大于 1 时, 分母需要用复数.如:two thirds 9. hang on a minute. 稍等 10. quiet (adj.) 安静的;宁静的 quite ( adv.)相当,十分 quietly(adv.) 安静地 Eg:Please keep quiet, my father is sleeping now. She is quite beautiful in that red coat. 11. close to=next to 靠近,挨着 Eg:His house is close to a supermarket. 12. move to 移到 Eg:More and more people move to the big cities these years. 13. It be +adj. to do sth one of + 可数名词复数 14. local 当地的 ……之一(谓语动词用单数) close down 关闭 Eg:The local government should do something to solve the water pollution. This shop closed down last year. 15. It takes sb st to do sth sb spend(s) st\sm on sth (in) doing sth sth cost(s) sb sm sb pay sth for sm 16. public services 公共服务 in public 在公共场合 17. in fact 事实上 a public telephone 公用电话 the public 公众 all over the world 全世界 face to face 面 对面地 make a face 做鬼脸 18. face danger 面对危险 as a result 结果是;因此 19. die from 由于……而死(死于外因,如事故等) die of 因……而死(死于内因,如疾病等) Eg:He died from an accident. A lot of people died of cancers 20. leave 离开(某地) ① leave for+目的地 前往(目的地) 启程去某地 I’ll leave for Shanghai next week. ② leave 还有“忘了带,留下”之意 I left my book at home . 21. 辨析: job 与 work job (cn) 指具体的职业或零工 work(un)指人们日常生活和工作中从事的体 力或脑力劳动 【Grammer】: 冠词: 是限定的一种词,不能单独使用,常用于修饰名词。 冠词有三种形式: 不定冠词(a/an), 定冠词(the)和零冠词(/)。 ● 1.不定冠词的用法 不定冠词用来修饰可数名词单数,指人或物种的某一个或某一类,但不具体说明 是 何人何物。 不定冠词的常见用法有: ①表示“一个”的概念。 Population is a big problem for cities . I watch TV once a week . ②表示“每一“的概念,相当于 every 。 ③首次提到的某人或某物,不定冠词起介绍作用。 A student wants to ask you some questions ④某些固定 短语中,要用不定冠词。 have a good time ● 2.定冠词的用法 ①指前文中提到过的人或物。 I have a dog . The dog is black . ● ②特指某人或某物。 The girl with long hair is my younger sister . ● ③指说话双方都知道的人或物 I had to write the same report last term . ● ④用于专有名词前。 the Great Wall the Pacific Ocean the moon have a look have a rest ⑤用于世界上独一无二的事物前。 the sun ⑥用于姓氏复数形式之前,表示“一家人”或“夫妇二人”。 the Smiths ⑦用于形容词最高级前。 the biggest city ⑧用于序数词前。the first boy ⑨用于西洋乐器名词前。 play the piano ⑩某些形容词前加定冠词 the ,表示一类人或物 。the young the old ⑾用于某些固定短语中 : in the morning ●3.零冠词的用法 ①在球类活动,学科名词前以及节日,月份,星期前不用冠词。 Tom can play volleyball . ②名词前已有指示代词, 物主代词,不定代词或数词等作定语时名词前不用冠词 There are many books in her schoolbag. ③在某些固定短语或习惯用语中不用冠词 by bus 『注意』: 在某些短语中,名词前用冠词和不用冠词的 意义有所不同。 in hospital class 数字 : 分为基数词和序数词。本模块中,我们重点学习数字的读法。在英语中, 每三位数字为一个单 位,按照百,十,个位向下读。而进位的读法则为 thousand, million , billion 向上递增。 数次的常见用法: ①分数表达法 在英语中,分子用基数词,分母用序数词。当分子是 1 时,分母用原 形;当分子 大于 1 时,分母用复数形式。 1/3 : one thirds ②百分数的表达 百分数用 percent 表示,符号为% 如: 5% 读作 five present . M10 The weather 1.关于天气的单词: 名词 cloud rain snow sun wind fog 形容词 cloudy rainy snowy sunny windy foggy 2/3 : two thirds in the hospital at table at the table in class in the have breakfast at home at night the day after tomorrow 2.Are you coming with us? 这是一个用现在进行时表示将来的句子,在英语中,如 go\come\arrive\leave 等 可以用现在进行时表示按计划或安排将来发生的动作。 Eg:My father is arriving in England tomorrow. 3.Are you joking? joke n. 笑话;玩笑 v. 开玩笑 Eg:It is impolite to play a joke on the old. 4. minus 减去 play a joke on sb make a joke of\about ab 零下(温度) Eg:Two minus one is one. The temperature is minus 3 degrees. 5.although 尽管;虽然(although 与 but 不能连用) Eg:It isn’t warm today, although the sun is shining. 6. what’s the weather like (in sp)? Eg:---What is the weather like in Jinhua today? ---It is cold today. 询问天气 还可以用 how is the weather (in sp)? weather 是不可数名词,不可以用 a\an 修饰 7.as well 也;还(放句末) too 也(放句末) also 也,而且(放句中) 8. neither……nor…… 既不……也不……(两者都不) either……or…… 或者……或者……(两者之一) 这两个短语在判断主谓一致时遵循就近原则。 Eg:Either he or I clean the blackboard. 9. probably 可能,或许 10. come on 的用法: “快点” 催促别人快走或快做 “来吧” 用来鼓励,劝说别人 “加油” 用于比 赛场合 Come on, it is getting dark. Come on, Lucy. Don’t be shy. Come on, Class Six. 可能性大→小: probably →perhaps→ maybe 11. better get going.= had better g now. 最好现在就走 had better do sth 最好做 sth Eg:It’s late now, we had better hurry up. 12. bring sth to sp 把 sth 带到 sp 来 take sth to sp 把 sth 带到 sp 去 Eg:Don’t forget to bring your homework to me tomorrow. Please take these books to the library for me. 13. get cooler, turn gold 此处 get\turn 都表示“变得” 另外 become\go\grow 也可以表示“变得” Eg:The winter is coming, it gets colder and colder. 14. take photo of 拍……照片 all year round 全年 和……相比较 15. compared to = compared with Eg:I compared my computer to\with hers. 16. from time to time 时常,偶尔 in time 及时 at the same time 同时 on time 按时 have a good time 玩得开心 ……以后 17. 时间+later=after +时间 Eg:Two years later he left our school=He left our school after two years. 18. join 加入(党、军队、组织等) join in 参加(小规模的活动,如游戏等) Eg:When did you join the Party? Come and join in the match. 19. the best time to do sth 做 sth 的最好时间 the first time to do sth 第一次做 sth Eg:The best time to visit Harbin is in winter. The first time to visit Harbin is in 2012. GRAMMER: 情态动词本身有一定的词义, 为谓语动词增添情态色彩,表示说话人对有关行为 或事物 的态度和看法,认为有可能,应该或有必要等。情态动词无人称和数的变 化,其后接的动词需用原形, 否定式是在情态动词后加上 not. 一.当我们想表达可能发生某事以及某人可能做某事时,可以用 may/might. You may /might be right . He may/might tell his wife . May 与 might 没有太大区别,形式上 might 是 may 的过去式,但在表示将来的 可能情况时,might 表示的可能性比 may 表示的可能性还要小。 They may come tomorrow . There might be some rain tomorrow morning. 二. ①possible 表示可能性 形容词 possible 表示可能性,常用句型有: It is possible to do sth . It is possible that … EG: Is it possible to finish the work today ? It is possible that it’ll be snowy tomorrow. ② probably 和 possible 都表示可能性 Probably 和 possible 都表示可能性。 Probably 表示“很可能” , 它所表示的可能 性比 possibly 大。 常用句型有: 主语 + will + probably/possibly +v. +… EG: It’ll probably be sunny and hot. Mr. Wang will possibly agree. Module 11 Way of life 1. a chess set 一副国际象棋 2.video gam。电子游戏 3. do some cleaning 打扫卫生 4. bad luck 倒霉 5. the Spring Festival 春节 6. get married 结婚 7. for example 例如 8. for the first time 首次;初次 9. shake hands 握手 10. have afternoon tea 喝下午茶 11. light meal 便餐;便饭 12. be different from 与……不同 13. each other 互相 14. on time 准时;按时 15. look up 查寻 16. at the age of 在……岁时 17. clean up 打扫干 净 18. wash up 洗刷;饭后洗餐具 19. stay out 待在户外;不回家 20. can't wait to 迫不及待 21. make mistakes 犯错;出错 重点语法: 1. here is your gift. 这是你的礼物 这是一句由 here 引导的倒装句, here+谓语+主语, 即 此外 there 也 有这样的用法。 Eg:There comes the bus. 注意:只有当主语是普通名词时才能够用倒装句,如果是代词 则不能。 Eg:Here you are. 2. what a surprise! 真惊讶啊! to one’s surprise 令 sb 惊奇的是 此句是感叹句,用来表达赞美、惊叹、喜悦等感情,同样用 how 也可引导感 叹句。结构如下: what +(a\an)+adj.+n.(+主语+谓语)! how +adj.\adv. (+主语+谓语)! Eg:How beautiful the girl is! What a beautiful girl she is! 3. you needn’t wait. 你不必等了。 need 在这里用作情态动词,表示“需要” ,常用于否定句、疑问句 及 must 引导的一般疑问句的否定回答,其后用动词原形。(needn’t=don’t have to) Eg:You needn’t come to school this afternoon. ---Must I finish my homework today? ---No, you needn’t. 【拓展】 need 作实义动 词时, 其后可接 to do, 也可接 doing, 表示 “需要做 sth” ? 当句子主语是人时,用 need to do sth Eg:I need to take some exercise every morning. ? 当句子主语是物时,用 need doing sth Eg:Our classroom needs cleaning everyday. 4. difference(n.) 不同之处,区别→different(adj.)不同的 pay attention to doing sth 5. accept (主动)接受 receive 收到,得到 Eg:She received a present, but she didn’t accept it. 6. do some cleaning 打扫卫生(这是一个由 do+some+doing 构成的短语) Eg:You should help your mother do some cleaning after school. 【拓展】do some washing\cooking\shopping\sewing 7. had better (not) do sth 最好(不) 做 sth be different from Eg:We had better take an umbrella. You’d better not go out in the evening. 8. experience(n.) 经历(可数名词)经验、体验(不可数名词) 9. enjoy doing sth something interesting enjoy oneself=have a good\nice time 有趣的事(当 adj.碰到不定代词 时,应把 adj.放在后面) Eg:Mike enjoys watching football matches. Can you tell something different between the two pictures? 10. get to know 了解,认识 Eg:Do you get to know my friend Bill? 11. not??but??不是??而是??(but 表示转折) Eg:She wants to buys not a skirt, but a dress. 【拓展】not only??but (also)??(表示递进) Eg:He can speak not Chinese but also English. 12. traditional(adj.) 传统的 → tradition(n.) 传统 take away 拿走(代词只能放在中间,名词放中间和后面均可) 13. stop v. 停止 n. 停靠站 stop to do sth bus stop stop doing sth turn v. 转(弯);变得 n. 顺序 turn left turn green It is your turn. 在??岁时 stay up 熬夜 14. at a age of =when sb is??years old. 15. stay out 不回家;待在外面 stay at home back-to-front 前后颠倒,穿反了 Eg:Yesterday he stayed out after 12 o’clock. It’s rainy day, let’s stay at home. We’d better not stay up, it is bad for our health. He put his sweater on back-to-front. Module 12 Help 1.broken glas、碎玻璃 2. first aid 急救 3. medical help 医疗救助 4. at the bottom of 在……底部 5. in pain 处在疼痛中 6. first of all 首先 7. find out 查明 8. lift up 抬起;提起 9. make sure 确保;确认 10. cover…… with…… 11. stay away from 远离 12. in an earthquake 在地震中 13. in short 总之 14. jump out of 从…… 跳出 15. above all 首要的是 16. lie down 躺下 17. in trouble 在困境中,有麻烦 18. because of 由于 19. on ones way 在路上 20. run out of 从……跑出来 重点知识点: 1. furniture(n.) 家具(不可数名词) glass 玻璃(不可数名词) 玻璃杯(可数名词) a piece of furniture There is some glass on the ground. There are two glasses on the desk. 用……盖上 2. stairs 楼梯 →go upstairs downstairs 上楼 下楼 3. aid(n.) 帮助、救助 in aid of 以帮助?? first aid 急救 with the aid of=with the help of 在??帮助下 Eg:The man is badly ill, he needs first aid. We raise money in aid of the poor. With the aid of a stick, the old man can walk by himself. 4. at the bottom of 在??底部 in pain(in great pain) 很疼 in danger\in peace Eg:There is a lot of sand at the bottom of the river. 5. first of all 首先 above all\firstly 6.sb 怎么了? what’s wrong with sb?=what’s the matter with sb? Eg:First of all, you should turn on the computer. ---What’ s wrong with him? ---He has a cold. 6. have trouble\problem (in) doing sth get into trouble 陷入麻烦 做 sth 有困难 处于困境中 be introuble Eg:I have trouble in learning English. 7. make sb do sth +adj. make sure 确保 7.Lift n. v. 电梯 举起 lift up 举起、 提起(代词只能放中间, 名词放中间与后面均可) be harmful to sb\sth do harm to sb\sth 对 sth 有害 8. harmful(adj.) →harm(n.) Eg:Smoking is harmful to health. It does harm to our environment. 9. cover ??with?? 用??盖上?? cover 书皮、封面 covered with 被??所覆盖 Eg:Cover the table with a cloth. The ground was covered with snow. 10. such??that?? so??that?? 如此??以致于?? such+a\an+adj.+ 可 数 名 词 单 数 +that such+adj.+ 可数 名 词 复 数 +that such+adj.+ 不可 数 名 词 +that so+adj.\adv.+that so+adj.\adv.+可数名词单数+that Eg:He is such a clever boy that we like him. He is so clever a boy that we all like him. He is so young that she can’t go to school. 11. It is +adj. +to do sth It is +adj. for sb +to do sth of sb +to do sth Eg:It is different (for us) to learn English well. It is kind of you to help me. 12. warn sb about\of sth 提醒 sb 注意 sth;警告 sb.sth. warn sb to do sth 警告 sb 去做 sth warn sb against doing sth=warn sb not to do sth 警告 sb 不要去做 sth Eg:He warned me about the thief. Our parents warn us not to play on the street. The doctor warns him against smoking. 13. jump out of rush out of 远离?? keep clear of 避开?? stay away from??=move away from?? keep calm 保持冷静 calm down 安静;淡定 14. be careful of sth 小心 sth doing sth be careful to do sth 小心去做 sth Eg:Be careful of driving. He is careful to open the door. 15. in short 总之;简而言之 for short 简称(放句末) in short of 缺少 be short for 是??的缩写 Eg:In short, he is a kind boy. Telephone is called phone for short. TV is short for television. 16. be proud of sth doing sth Eg:Mike’s parents are proud of him. Jack is proud of being so successful. take pride in 以??为骄傲

  • ID:4-4733646 牛津译林版英语八年级上册预习知识清单(PDF版)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/本册综合

    八上英语预习提纲(牛津译林版) 8A Unit One 重点短语 1. something to drink 一些喝的东西 2. one of my best friends 我最好的朋友之一 3. grow up 长大 4. have some more food 再吃些食物 5. keep a secret 保密 6. have a good sense of humour 很有幽默感 7. tell funny jokes 讲有趣的笑话 8. walk past our desks 经过我们的课桌 9. social worker 社会工作者 10. make sb. look smart 使某人看上去聪明 11. say a bad word about sb. 说某人的坏话 12. feel bored or unhappy 感到无聊或不高兴 13. travel around the world 周游世界 14. help me with my homework 帮助我做作业 15. make ab. happy 使某人高兴 16. wear small round glasses 戴着小而圆的眼镜 17. have problems 有问题 18. be willing to do sth 愿意做某事 19. make friends 交朋友 20. share things with sb. 和某人分享东西 21. our future plans 我们的未来计划 22. have long straight hair 有着长长的直发 23. have a good voice 有副好嗓子 24. listen to people carefully 仔细地听人讲[来源:学科网] 25. care about 关心 26. knock…onto… 把……撞到……上 27. any time 任何时候 28. give a seat to someone in need 把座位让给有需要的人 29. both my neighbour and my best friend 既是我的邻居,也是我最好的朋友 8A Unit One 重点句型 1. My book is more interesting than his. 2. Can I have something to drink? 3. Can I have some more food? 4. She is willing to share things with her friends. 5. You can trust them because they never tell lies. 6. She always has a smile on her face and looks happy. 7. He tells funny jokes and always makes me laugh. 8. She is also helpful and ready to help people any time. 9. I would like to be a social worker when I grow up. 10. When something worries me, I can always go to her. 11. She smiles often and never says a bad word about anyone. 12. Who would you like to choose as your best friend? 13. I can tell her anything because she can keep a secret. 14. When he walks past our desks, he often knocks our books and pens onto th e floor. 8A Unit Two 重点短语 1. fewer advertisements 更少的广告 2. jump high 跳得高 3. in Year 8 在八年级 4. do sports together 一起做运动 5. during the week 在该周内 6. play baseball 打棒球 7. every time 每次 8. any other student 任何其他学生 9. have different classes 有不同的课 10. a mixed school 一个男女混合学校 11. work the hardest 工作/学习最努力 12. discuss sth with sb. 和某人讨论某事 13. a Reading Week 一个读书周 14. offer me help 给我提供帮助 15. at most 至多 16. spend time on/doing sth. 花时间做某事[来源:Zxxk.Com] 17. look through 浏览 18. have fewer weeks off 有更少星期的假期 19. at first 起初 20. near the end of … 在……快要结束时 21. in class 在课堂上 22. bring in books and magazines 带来书和杂志 23. keep (on) doing sth. 重复做某事 24. at lunchtime 在午餐时间 25. go on a school trip 进行学校旅行 26. have lots of time for after-school activities 有许多时间进行体育活动 27. read an article by a boy from the USA 读了一个美国男孩的文章 8A Unit Two 重点句型 1. Millie has the least juice. 2. Daniel has the fewest tomatoes. 3. Learning foreign languages is fun. 4. Because they are cleverer than people. 5. Among all my subjects, I like French best. 6. I often read more books than my classmates. 7. I read an article by a boy from the USA. 8. Millie has more tomatoes than Daniel. 9. I also keep writing in English about my daily life. 10. On Friday afternoon, our school ends earlier than usual. 11. Time seems to go faster when we are reading interesting books . 12. He often listens carefully to my problems and offers me help. 13. I have less free time than John, but Nancy has more free time than John. 14. What’s school like? It’s like watching TV, but there are fewer advertisements. 15. Millie writers carefully. She writers more quickly than the other students in my class. Millie writers the most quickly of us all. 8A Unit Three 重点短语 1. need to exercise 需要锻炼 2. go past 走过 3. keep fit 保持健康 4. can’t wait 迫不及待 5. come on 来吧,赶快 6. cheer for… 为……欢呼 7. enjoy oneself 玩得开心 8. get on 上车 9. take a boat trip 乘船旅行 10. place of interest 名胜 11. have a great time 玩得开心 12. invite sb. to do sth 邀请某人做某事 13. a lot of traffic 交通繁忙 14. take care 保重 15. arrive in/at 到达 16. get off 下车 17. take place 发生 18. in front of sb. 在某人面前 19. all over the world 全世界 20. be made of… 由……制成 21. home page 主页 22. not believe one’s eyes 不相信自己的眼睛 23. hurt oneself 使自己受伤 24. take the underground 乘地铁 25. keep secrets to themselves 保守他们自己的秘密 8A Unit Three 重点句型 1. Go and see for yourselves. 2. We hope you can join us. 3. Mr Wu is as happy as the two girls. 4. Don’t forget to bring y our friends! 5. The match takes place on Sunday. 6. With your support, we will win! 7. The cost of the trip is $10 per student 8. Luckily, some climbers helped Simon. 9. My ticket is useless now, but I'll keep it! 10. It is in the final of the basketball competition. 11. Simon is trying to pull himself up the rocks. 12. It took us about two hours to get there by bus. 13. Soon the whole world was there in front of us. 14. We are planning a day out on Saturday, 16 October. 15. The Eiffel Tower is not as tall as the real one in France. 16. Mr Wu invited us to join their school trip to the World Park. 17. There was a lot of traffic on the way and the journey was a bit boring. 18. There are models of more than a hundred places of interest from all over the world. 8A Unit Four 重点短语 1. had better 最好 2. clear instruction 清楚的说明 3. stand for 代表 4. put up a picture 张贴一幅画 5. instead of 代替 6. attend lessons 上课 7. a pair of scissors 一把剪刀 8. colour the roses red 将玫瑰着成红色[来源:学科网] 9. be crazy about 对……着迷 10. make some paper roses 制作纸玫瑰 11. put in 安装 12. advise sb. to do sth 建议某人做某事 13. make a mistake 犯错误 14. not only …but (also) … 不仅……而且…… 15. kept doing sth. 反复做某事 16. leave it in the air 将它留在空气中 17. for example 例如 18. paint it blue 把它涂成蓝色 19. next door 隔壁 20. cut…into… 把……切成…… [来源:学|科|网] 21. tidy up 整理好 22. fill…with… 用……填充…… 23. k eep it secret. 保密 24. take a course in… 学……方面的课程 25. in the end 最后 26 . spell the words wrong 拼错单词 27. go wrong 出错 28. mix them together 将它们混在一起 29. have a power cut 停电 30. have fun doing sth 做某事很开心 8A Unit Four 重点句型 1. Don’t paint the cat. 2. Here are clear instructions. 3. You’d better get some tools. 4. We had fun working together. 5. Your watch is broken. 6. You had better not be late for school. 7. I’m certain that I can fix it myself. 8. I kept spelling the words wrong. 9. You should not put so many books on the shelf. 10. Cut some of the larger fruit into small pieces. 11. I made some mistakes when I wrote the sentence “Happy Birthday, Mum”. 12. Now the living room has not only blue walls but also a blue ceiling and floor, 13. They couldn't stay there because one end of the shelf was much higher than the other! 14. When you do DIY, you make. repair or decorate things yourself instead of paying someone to do it. 8A Unit Five 重点短语 1. cut down 砍倒 2. face serious problems 面临严重的问题 3. get lost 迷路 4. smell things far away 闻到远处的东西 5. live alone 独自居住 6. work as a team 作为一个团队而工作 7. in the wild 在野外 8. have/take pity on 同情[来源:Zxxk.Com] 9. in fact 实际上 10. look so cute 看上去如此可爱 11. be born 出生 12. not…any more 不再…… 13. look like 看上去像 14. look after 照顾 15. as a result 因此 16. lose living areas 丧失生存的地区 17. in danger 处于危险中 18. at four months old 在 4 个月的时候 19. take action 采取行动 20. right away 立刻、马上 21. at birth 在出生时 22. build more panda reserves 建立更多的熊猫保护区 23. in the beginning 一开始 24. make laws to protect pandas 颁布法律保护熊猫 8A Unit Five 重点句型 1. I may die without them. 2. We should take action right away. 3. So could you please not eat them? 4. We shouldn’t buy fur coats any more. 5. They’re the kings of the a nimal world.6. Sadly, giant pandas face serious problems in the wild. 7. I think everybody should act to protect wild animals. 8. When Xi Wang was born, she weighed just 100 grams. 9. When she was six months old, she began to eat bamboo. 10. When she was 20 months old, she learn t to look after herself. 11. As a result, pandas may not have a place to live or food to eat. 8A Unit Six 重点短语 1. at the market 在市场上 2. take sth. with sb. 某人随身携带某物 3. al l year round 一年到头 4. a pair of binoculars 一副望远镜 5. in order to 以便,为的是 6. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 7. lead to 导致 8. provide sth. (for sb) (为某人)提供某物 9. less and less 越来越少 10. the members of… ……的成员 11. keep fishing 一直钓鱼 12. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 13. write down 写下来 14. call sb. on… 按照……给某人电话 15. as a result 结果 16. changes in their numbers 数目方面的变化 17. what else 还有什么 18. take photos of the birds 给鸟儿拍照 19. date of birth 出生日期 20. make laws to prevent… 制定法律来阻止…… 21. have more space 有更多的空间 22. email me at… 给我发邮件至…… 23. in North-east China 在中国东北 24. make beautiful sounds 发出漂亮的声音 25. take part in activities 参加活动 26. enjoy the natural world 欣赏自然世界 27. at bird shows 在鸟展上 28. spend the w inter 过冬 29. understand the importance of the wetlands 理解湿地的重要性 8A Unit Six 重点句型 1. We are now inviting them to help u s. 2. I would like to join the Birdwatching Society. 3. She saw a baby panda drink her mother’s milk. 4. We ask people not to catch birds for any reason. 5. It is one of the world’s most important wetlands. 6. The area provides food and cover for a lot of wildlife. 7. We need mo re people to count and describe the birds. 8. The reserve covers an area of over 4,530 square kilometers. 9. Every year, a lot of tourists go to Zhalong to watch the birds. 10. Usually it takes hours to watch the birds. You may get thirsty. 11. Take a notebook with you in order to write down what you see. 12. We hope this will help people understand the importance of the wetlands. 13. I will be very happy if I can become a member of the Biirdwathcing Society. 14. I am very interested in learning about different kinds of plants, birds and animals. 15. Some people want to make the wetlands smaller in order to have more space for farms and buildings. 8A Unit Seven 重点短语 1. be full of 充满…… 2. the best time to do sth. 做某事的最好时间 3. play among flowers 在花丛中玩 4. the lowest temperature 最低温度[来源:学科网] 5. fly far away 飞往远方 6. be covered in deep white snow 被厚厚的雪覆盖着 7. turn brown 变黄 8. stay above zero 在零度以上 9. rhyme with 与……押韵 10. drop below… 下降到……以下 11. harvest crops 收获庄稼 12. make people sleepy 使人感到瞌睡 13. the rest of 其余 14. cover…with… 用……覆盖…… 15. have a high fever 发高烧 16. turn more cloudy 变得更加乌云密布 17. feel cool 感到凉爽 18. fall into piles upon the ground 落地成堆 19. snowball fights 雪球仗 20. the sudden heavy rain 突如其来的大雨 21. cough a lot 咳嗽很厉害 22. during this season 在这个季节里 23. from morning till night 从早到晚 24. throw snowballs at each other 互扔雪球 25. forget to grow 忘记了生长 26. use carrots for their noses 用胡萝卜当它们的鼻子 27. a bit 有一点 28. on a hot summer afternoon 在一个炎热的夏天下午 8A Unit Seven 重点句型 1. The clouds became dark, 2. This is Aunt Jane speaking. 3. What a perfect time to fly a kite! 4. It’s the best time to play football outside. 5. The days of spring are wind y and b right. 6. It is exciting to have big snowball fights.[来源:学科网] 7. How do people feel on a hot summer afternoon? 8. I bet you’ll look cool and feel cool with nothing on! 9. The temperature is usually below zero and it is often snowy. 10. We throw snowballs at each other, screaming and laughing. [来源:Z.xx.k.Com] 8A Unit Eight 重点短语 1. wake up 醒来 2. mop up 把……拖干净 3. crash into 撞上…… 4. wash away 冲走 5. catch fire 着火 6. fall from 从……上跌落下来 7. come down 坍塌 8. run out of 从……中跑出 9. not…at all 一点也不 10. a moment of fear 片刻的恐惧 11. calm down 镇定下来 12. shout for help 呼救 13. move away 搬走 . 14. feel a slight shake 感到轻微震动 [来源:学+科+网 Z+X+X+K] 15. at last 最后 16. through the dark 通过黑暗 17. break down 抛锚 18. as…as possible 尽可能…… 19. because of 因为 20. find one’s way out 找到出路 21. in fear 害怕地 22. follow traffic rules 遵守交通规则 23. keep falling 不停地落下 24. come from behind 来自后面 25. nearly fall over 几乎跌倒 26. on the side of the road 在路边 27. in all directions 四面八方 28. protect oneself from… 保护自己免遭…… 29. hear shouts from excited people 听到激动的人群的叫喊声 8A Unit Eight 重点句型 1. I was (not) sleeping at 10 p.m. last night. 2. I was sleeping when the earthquake started. 3. I felt nervous and my heart was beating fast 4. Who will mop up the water if I go home without you? 5. Luckily, there was just enough space for me to move. 6. There was a heavy storm with thunder and lightning. 7. Lightning hit a classroom building and it caught fire. 8. When/While/As Millie was watching TV, Andy came into the room. 9. As I was trying to find my way out, I suddenly heard some noise above me. 10. People were running in all directions while pieces of glass and bricks were falling down. 11. A moment of fear went through my mind, but I told myself to calm down since I was still alive. 12. Outside, people were running in all directions while pieces of glass and bricks were falling down.

  • ID:4-4732734 广东省汕尾市城区七年级下册英语上课教案(新目标(Go for it)版,12单元)

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/七年级下/本册综合

    Unit 1 Can you play the guitar? Section A 1 (1a-2d) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 能掌握以下单词: guitar, sing, swim, dance, chess, play chess, draw, speak, speak English, join, club 能掌握以下句型: ① —Can you play the guitar? —Yes, I can./ No, I can't. ② —What can you do? —I can dance. ③ —What club do you want to join? —I want to join the chess club. 2) 能了解以下语法:情态动词can的用法 want to do sth.的用法 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 该部分内容贴近学生的生活,谈论的话题是能力。通过互相询问或谈论自己或对方在某一方面的能力,可以培养学生的一种群体意识。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) 学习询问和谈论彼此的能力和特长; 2) 掌握一些弹奏乐器的表达方式。 2. 教学难点: 情态动词can的构成和使用。 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Lead in 1. 教师可携带一些易于演奏的乐器,也可带一些演奏乐器的图片,一边演示乐器,一边说: I can play the guitar.…等;再指着图片说:He/She can play the violin.But I can’t play it.等;然后询问学生:Can you play the guitar?….并引导学生进行简单的回答。 2. Ss look at the picture in 1a. Then read the words and phrases. Let Ss match the activities with the people. Then Check the answers with the class together. Ⅱ. Presentation 出示一些反映各种活动的图片、幻灯片或播放课件,引导学生谈论活动: He/She can dance/swim/sing/"··But I can’t dance/swim/sing/...等,学习表达活动的动词短语。 Ⅲ. Game (What can I do?) T: Tell your partners what you can do. For example: I can play the guitar. I can sing and dance. Ss work in groups. The let some Ss talk to their classmates in front of the class. Ⅳ. Listening 1. T: Now let’s listen to the tape, find out the right conversation, and number them 1-3. (播放lb部分的录音让学生听,引导学生根据所听到的内容,选出对话的顺序,完成1b部分的教学任务。) A: Can you swim? B: No, I can’t. A: I want to join the art club. B: Can you draw? A: Yes, I can. A: I want to join the music club. B: Oh, can you sing? A: Yes, I can. 2. Check the answers: (2,3, 1 ) 3. Listen again and answer the questions. 1) In conversation 1, what club does the girl want to join? Can she sing? 2) In conversation 2, can the boy swim? 3) In conversation 3, what club does the girl want to join? Can she draw? Ⅴ. Pair work 1. Ask the Ss to practice the conversations in 1b with a partner. Then make their own conversations. (引导学生展开Pairwork活动,完成lc部分口语交际的教学任务,学会运用can询问和表达能力。) A: I want to join … B: Can you …? A: Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. Ⅵ. Listening 1. Work on 2a; T: Now, look at the pictures on P2, listen to the four conversations. Just listen. (Play the recording for the first time, students only listen carefully.) Then, listen to the recording again, and circle the clubs you hear. Check the answers with the class. a. English club b. art club c. music club d. chess club e. swimming club 2. Work on 2b; 引导学生根据对话内容用正确的单词填空,补全对话,再播放听力材料一遍。让学生进行校对,练习听力和写作能力,完成2b部分的教学任务。 1. Lisa wants to join the ______ club, but she can’t play ______. 2. Bob wants to join the _______ club. He likes to speak ________. 3. Mary likes music. She can _____ and ______. Bob likes music, too. They want to join the ______ club. Check the answers with the Ss. 3. Listen carefully and complete the conversation. Bob: Hi, Mary. Here are all the clubs. Mary: ____________________________, Bob? Bob: I want to join the English club. I like to speak English. How about you? Mary: Hmm. I want to join the ___________. Can you play chess? Bob: No, I don’t like chess. Do you like ______? Mary: Oh, yes. I ____ sing and dance. I like music. Bob: Me, too. Let’s join the ___________. Ⅶ. Pair work 1. Look at 2b and talk about what the people can do and the clubs they want to join. 老师可以和一名优秀的学生做一个对话的例子,让学生们明白如何去问答,例如: T: What club does Lisa want to join? S1: She wants to join the chess club. T: Can she play chess? S1: No, she can't. 2. Ss work in pairs to practice asking and answer about Lisa, Bob and Mary. 3. Ask some pairs to act out their conversations. Ⅷ. Role-play 1. Ask Ss to look at the picture in 2d. Listen to the conversation. Then answer the questions below. ① What club does Bob join? ② What club does Jane join? Ss read the conversation by themselves and find the answers to the questions. Then check the answers: ① Bob joins the soccer club. ② Jane joins the English and art club. 2. Read the conversation in 2d. Fill in the chart. Name what can do clubs Bob Jane 3. Let Ss read after the teacher or play the recording and let Ss read after the recording. 4. Ss work in pairs to act out the conversation. 5. Ask some pairs come to the front of the classroom. They try to act out the conversation. See which group is the best. Ⅸ. Language points 1. Can you play the guitar? ? can 意为“能够”,这里用来谈论人的能力。 ? 否定形式:can’t = can not 不能够 ? can 是个情态动词,不能独立存在,必须与动词原形构成句子的谓语。 ? can 没有人称和数的变化。例如: I can speak English well. 我的英语说的很溜。 Jack can swim, but I can’t. 杰克会游泳但我不会。 She can’t play chess. 她不会下棋 。 play 意为“玩,打;演奏(乐器)” ? play 后跟体育运动时,不用冠词。如:play soccer 踢足球 _______________ 打篮球 ? play 后跟乐器时,要加定冠词 the。如:play the guitar 弹吉它 _____________ 弹钢琴 2. I want to join the art club. 我想参加美术社团。 club 表示“俱乐部”或“社团”。在英、 美等国,中小学校会组织各类俱乐部来提高学生的兴趣及才能,丰富他们的文化生活。相当于我国中小学校中 的“兴趣小组”。 join v. 参加;加入,此处指加入社团或组织,成为其中的成员。例如: e.g. join the army 参军 join the Young Pioneer 加入少先队 join the NBA 加入美职篮 3. You are very good at telling stories. 你很擅长讲故事。 be good at sth./doing sth. … 表示“擅 长于 ……; 精通 ……”, 后面可接名词 或动词的ing形式。例如: Mr Li ___________ languages. He can speak eight languages. 李先生精通多种语言。他会说八种语言。 玛丽的弟弟擅长唱歌。 Mary’s brother ____________________. 刘茜擅长跑步。 Liu Xi __________________.? Ⅹ、Exercises 一、翻译下列词组。 1. 下国际象棋 _______________ 2. 说英语 _______________ 3. 想要做某事 _______________ 4. 参加美术俱乐部 _______________ 5. 英语俱乐部 _______________ 6. 音乐俱乐部 ______________ 7. 国际象棋俱乐部 ______________ 8. 游泳俱乐部 ______________ 9. 踢足球 ______________ 10. 听起来不错 ______________ 二、用所给单词的适当形式填空。 ?1. Can you ______ (dance), Jane? ?2. I want _______ (join) the music club. ?3. Let’s _____ (join) the English club. ?4. Alice can’t ______ (speak) Chinese well. ? 5. Well, you can join the __________ (swim) club. 6. Jane _____ (want) to join a sports club. 三、选词填空。 club can’t sounds like speak can sports draw 1. I can ______ English well. I want to join the English club. 2. — What ______ can you play? — Basketball. 3. — What _____ do you want to join? — Soccer club. 4. — _____ Jack swim? — No, he ______. 5. — You can ______ well. You can join the art club. — _______ good. 6. Linda _____ music. She wants to join music club. Ⅺ. Homework: 假如我们学校刚成立了一些俱乐部,你和你的朋友Mike、Mary都想参加一个俱乐 部,根据你们各自的特长,说一下你们都想参加哪个俱乐部。 I can ________________. I want to _____________. Mike can _____________. He wants _____________. Mary can _____________. She wants to ___________. Section A 2 (Grammar Focus-3c) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 继续练习运用情态动词can。学会询问和谈论彼此的能力和特长。 能掌握以下句型: ① —Can you play the guitar? —Yes, I can./ No, I can't. ② —What can you do? —I can dance. ③ —What club do you want to join? —I want to join the chess club. 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 该部分学习询问或谈论自己或对方在某一方面的能力和特长,可以培养学生的一种群体意识,促进同学们对自身的认识,为将来的自我发展奠定基础。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) 让学生重点总结、发现情态动词can的用法。 2) 通过一些与学生们实际生活相贴近的教学活动,来达到熟练运用的目的。 2. 教学难点: 1) 情态动词can的用法; 2) 在实际交际活动中运用can来询问与表达自己或他人的能力。 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision 1. Ask some Ss about their abilities. T: Hi, S1! What can you do? S1: I can sing and dance? T: Can you play the guitar? S1: Sorry, I can't. But I can play chess. T: What club do you want to join? S1: I want to join the chess club. 2. Role-play. Let some pairs role play the conversation in 2c. Ⅱ. Grammar Focus. 1. 阅读指导: 2. 学生阅读Grammar Focus中的句子,然后做填空练习。 ① 你会游泳吗? ______ you ______? ② 是的,我会。/ 不,我不会。 Yes, ____ _______. / No, I _______. … (其余试题见课件部分) 3. 学生们完成填空试题后,可以打开课本检查答案,对错误的句子,单独进行强化记忆。 Ⅲ. Try to Find 老师将情态动词的can的用法,以学案的方式呈现在大屏幕上,让学生自主学习,并发现其用法。 1. 可以看出,在Can…?句型中,情态动词can没有________和_______ 的变化。 2. 用情态动词can来询问他人的能力可以归纳为以下句型: Can + _______ + _________ + 其他? 肯定回答:_________________ 否定回答: _________________ What + can + _______ + ________ ? 学生们合作学习讨论上面学案的答案,总结情态动词can的用法。 老师找部分学生对上述问题作答,并一起讨论总结情态动词can的用法。 Ⅳ. Practice 1. Look at 3a. 告诉学生们用所给的词汇来造句子。首先,用情态动词can及所给的第一个动词词组来造一个一般疑问句,并作出一个否定的回答。然后,用转折连词but及第二个词组造一个肯定句。 Teacher makes the first one as a model: Can Wu Jun speak English? No, he can't, but he can speak Chinese. Ss try to make sentences using the phrases in 2~5. They can discuss with their partners. 2. Mike/play basketball/play tennis 3. Jane and Jill/dance/sing 4. Grace/play soccer/play volleyball 5. Bill/write stories/tell stories Then let some Ss tell their answers to the class. Check the answers with the class. 2. Look at 3b. Tell Ss that your school is going to have a School Show next week. What can you do? You can show your talent in it. In order to let all the students know about it. We have to write a poster. Now, read the poster below and try to complete the poster with the words in the box. play sing tell dance Students Wanted for School Show We want students for the school show. Can you _____ or ______? Can you _____ the guitar? Can you ____ stories? Please talk to Mr. Zhang after school. 方法指导:应通读全文,掌握短文大意;然后,仔细阅读每个句子,根据空格前后的词语进行推敲。比如,第三空格后有guitar一词,可知些空格应填play一词。其他类似。 学生们,按老师指导的方法进行阅读,并逐句推敲每空应填什么词,在实际的运用提高自己的阅读能力、分析能力及综合运用能力。 最后,教师与同学们一起校对答案,并对学生们有疑问的地方进行解释。 Ⅴ. Language points 1. story 故事 → stories(复数) 词组:write stories 写故事 tell stories 讲故事 e.g. Jack’s favorite story is Three Little Ducks. 杰克最喜欢的故事是三只小鸭子。 Her grandpa tells two stories every Weekend. 每个周末她的爷爷都会讲两个故事。 2. 辨析:speak/tell/say/talk 1) speak 说(某种语言);说话 speak English 说英语 speak French 说法语 e.g. Mr. Smith can speak Chinese well. 史密斯先生说汉语说得很好。 2) tell 讲述;告诉 e.g. Can your grandma tell stories? 你奶奶会讲故事吗? tell sb. 告诉某人; tell sb sth =tell sth to sb tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事 e.g. Let’s go and tell our teacher. 我们去告诉老师吧。 Tell Eric to bring his basketball to school. 告诉埃里克把他的篮球带到学校来。 3) say 说(强调所说的内容,常跟一句子) e.g. Mr. Lin says “I’m your new teacher. ” 林老师说,“我是你们的新老师。” “I don’t know.” Linda says. 琳达说:“我不知道。” 4) talk 说话;交谈(强调与他人进行语言交流) talk to sb. 与某人说话 talk with sb. 与某人交谈 talk about sth 谈论某事 e.g. You can talk to Mr. Black. 你可以和布莱克先生谈一下。 Mary is talking with Jenny. 玛丽正在和詹妮交谈。 3. Students Wanted for School Show show n. 演出;节目 v. 给……看;展示 school show 校园演出 talent show 才艺表演 e.g. We want students for the school show. 我们需要学生参加我们的校园演出。 show sb. (sth.) 给某人看(某物) e.g. Come and show us. 来给我们(表演)看一下。 Can you show me your new iPad? 你能让我看一下你的新的平板电脑吗? 4. Can you sing or dance? or conj. 或者; 也不(用于疑问句或否定句中) e.g. My sister can’t play basketball or soccer. 我姐姐不会打篮球也不会踢足球。 Ⅵ. Group work 1. What can your group do in the school show? Make a list, then report to your classmates. 2. First, work in group ask and answer about what you can do? e.g. S1: What can you do, S2? S2: I can do kong fu. S1: Great! What about you S3? S3: I can sing very well. … 3. Then make a list together. 4. Everyone in your group must write a report. Then select one student to report what your group can do. e.g. In my group, Li Ming can do kong fu. Zhang Li can sing very well. Ma Shuang can dance well… (最后,可以经学生们评议来推举最有能力的小组) Ⅶ. Exercises If time is enough, do some more exercises on big screen. 一、选词填空。 speak, tell, say, talk, show 1. Ms. Wu wants to ____ to his son. 2. Jenny and Mary can _____ English well. 3. Can you _____ your new photo, Grace? 4. Bob ____ “I can play chess well.” 5. Mr. Li often ____ us interesting stories. 二、根据题意选择括号内的正确形式填空。 1. My grandpa likes to play _____. (chess, the chess) 2. My sister wants ______ (join/to join) art club. 3. Mr. Wu can’t sing ___ (and/or) dance. 4. Our Chinese teacher always tell _______ (story/stories) to us. 5. — You can join the chess club. — _______ (Sounds/Sound) good. 6. Linda can’t play volleyball, ____ (and/but) she can play soccer. 7. Can you play the guitar ____ (well/good)? 三、句型转换。 1. Can you play soccer? (作否定回答) ____________ 2. Can Mary and Linda play chess? (作肯定回答) ______________ 3. I can play volleyball. (对划线部分提问) _____ _____ can you play? 4. I want to join a music club. (对划线部分提问) _____ _____ do you want to join? 5. They can write stories and tell stories. (变否定句) They _____ write stories ___ tell stories. 四、根据汉语提示完成句子。 1. Jim’s sister can ______ _______ (说英语) well. 2. Jim wants to ___ ______ (讲故事) in the class. 3. Mr. Lin can _____ ______ (写故事) in English. 4. What can you do in the ______ _____ (学校演出)? 5. Please ____ ___ (与……交谈) our Chinese teacher after class. 6. Mary _____ play chess ___ play soccer (也不会). Ⅷ. Homework 1.Read and recite Grammar Focous . 2.用 can 写三个自己所具备的能力的句子。 3. Writing. 校庆日到了, 学校将举行一次学校演出, 请你写一个招聘会表演的学生的通知。 Students Wanted for School Show We want students for the school show. Can you ____________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Section B 1 (1a-2c) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 能掌握以下单词: drum, play the drum, piano, play the piano, violin, play the violin, also, people, help (sb) with sth, center, home, today, be good with, make, make friends, weekend, on weekends/on the weekend, teach, musician 2) 能掌握以下句型: ① —Can you play the piano? No, I can't. / Yes, I can. ② be good with … ③ help…with… 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 学习询问或谈论自己或对方在某一方面的能力和特长,可以培养学生的社会责任意识,为他人做自己力所能及的事,以从小培养学生们互帮互助的意识,以及社会责任意识。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) 能过听力训练来提高学生们听说能力。 2) 进行阅读训练,通过阅读简短的文章来学习语言知识,提高综合运用能力。 2. 教学难点 1. 听力训练 2. 阅读2b部分的短文并完成相关要求。 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision 1. Daily greeting. 2. Check the homework. Let some Ss report what his/her family members can do. Ⅱ. Presentation 1. T: Show some really instruments like violin, drums. Then play some of them. Tell Ss I can play the drums, I can play the violin, I can play the violin… Ss: Do after the teacher, Act as he/she are playing an instrument. The say: I can play the piano, I can play the piano, I can play the drums… Ⅲ. Game (Talent show) 1. Act and show your classmates your talent. T: Please stand in front of your classmate. Act and say what you can. e.g. S1: (sing and dance) I can sing and dance. S2: (play the drum) I can play the drum. S3: … 2. Ask as many students as possible to say their abilities. Ⅳ. Listening 1. Tell the Ss that they will listen to some sounds of the instruments. Listen and number the words [1-4] in the order of the sounds you hear in 1a. drums piano guitar violin 2. Play the recording again and check the answers. 3. T: Now let's work on 1c. First, let one student read the words and phrases aloud. Then listen to the tape and circle the words and phrase you hear. 4. Ss listen to the tape and circle the words and phrases they hear. Work on 1d. play the violin sing play the guitar dance play the drums draw play the piano tell stories 5. Check the answers: 6. T: Now please look at the chart in 1e. What can Bill, Cindy and Frank do? What can't they do? You'll listen to the tape again. Then try to fill in the blanks. 听力指导:要抓他们会做的事情,以及不会做的事情这两个重点内容。因此在听的时候,应重点将人物及动作这两个方面的听清,其他作为非重点内容。 ? Can Can’t Bill Cindy Frank 7. Ss listen to the recording carefully and try to fill in the blanks. 8. Check the answers with the class. 9. Listen carefully and complete the conversation. Teacher: I want some students for the school concert. What can you do, Bill? _____________? Bill: No, I can’t. but I can play the guitar. Teacher: You can play the guitar! Good. OK, _______________, Cindy? Cindy: I can sing and I can play the drums. Teacher: You can! Great, Cindy. Can you _______________? Cindy: No, I cant. Frank can play the piano. Teacher: Frank, can you play the piano? Frank: Yeah, I can play the piano, but I cant’ sing or dance. Ⅴ. Group work 1. Work in groups. Take turn to talk about what Bill, Cindy and Frank can and can't do. S1: Bill can play the guitar, but he can't sing. S2: Cindy can sing and play the drum, but he can't play the piano. S3: Frank can play the piano, but he can't sing or dance. S4: … 2. Teacher can walk around the classroom, and give some help to the Ss. Ⅵ. Reading 1. T: Let's meet three new friends, Peter, Aland and Ma Huan. What can they do?Now read the descriptions and underline what they can do. 2. Let some Ss read aloud what Peter can do. Then let another Ss read aloud what Cindy and Frank can do. 3. Let Ss work in pairs to ask and answer about what they can do. S1: What can Peter do? S2: He can speak English and play soccer. S2: What can Alan do? S1: He can play ping-pong. … Ⅶ. Reading 1. T: Now We'll read three ads. What's the main idea of the each ad? What's each ad's title? Now let's read the three ads and select a title for each ad. 2. 方法指导:首先,应读懂三个题目的意思;然后,认真阅读三个广告的内容,通过读广告来总结出它们的主要内容,并确定一个最为贴切的题目。 综合广告内容与三个题目,看每个题目与广告的内容是否最为贴切。 3. Ss read carefully and try to select a title for each ad. 4. Check the answers with the class. Ⅷ. Reading 1. T: Suppose Peter, Alan and Ma Huan want to help to do something after school. Which ad is right him/her? Now read the descriptions in 2a and the ads in 2b again. Select a right ad for each person. 2. 方法指导:首先,再次明确每个能做的事情,以及他/她喜欢做的事情;然后,看每则广告中要求应聘者去做什么事情;最后,综合考虑三个人的情况,做出一个最佳选择。 3. Ss read the descriptions in 2a and the ads in 2b again. Try to select a right ad for each person. They can talk about the answers in their groups. 4. Check the answers with the class. 5. Read the ads again and complete the blanks. The old people’s home 1. You’re free in July. 2. You’re ___________ old people. 3. You can talk to and play games with old people. Call us at ____________. The Student’s Sports Center 1. You’re free after school. 2. You can _____________. Call ____________ at 293-7742. The school 1. You can play the piano or the violin. 2. You have time ________________. Call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721. 6. Read 2a and 2b again. Match each person in 2a with an ad in 2b. Peter _______ Alan _______ Ma Huan _______ Ⅸ. Language points 1. …and I can also play soccer. also adv. 也;而且 ? 与too意思相同。 ? also一般放在系动词、助动词或情态动词之后,实义动词之前。 ? too 常放在句子末尾,并用逗号与前句分开。 e.g. My brother likes tennis, too. = My brother also likes tennis. 我弟弟也喜欢网球。 I’m very busy today, too.= I’m ___________________.? 今天我也很忙。 用also或too完成下列句子。 1) I ______ have a red pencil box. 2) Helen’ s birthday is on December 20th, ______. 2. Then we need you to help with sports… help (sb.) with sth. 在某方面帮助某人 e.g. Can you ______________________? 你能帮助我学习英语吗? 也可以说help sb. do sth. 帮助某人做某事 e.g. Can you help me learn English? 你能帮助我学习英语吗? 3. Are you good with old people? 翻译:_______________________? be good with 擅于;对于……有办法 e.g. Ms. Brown is good with students. 布朗女士擅于和学生们交往。 Jack is not good with people. 杰克不太擅于与人相处。 be good at 善长于 ,在---方面做得好。 e.g. Mary is good at English . Mary is good at playing basketball. 4. …and you can make friends. make friends 交朋友 e.g. You can join a club and make friends. 你可以参加一个俱乐部并且交一些朋友。 make friends with sb. 与某人交朋友 e.g. Linda wants to make friends with them. 琳达想和他们交朋友。 5. Do you have time on the weekend? on the weekend = on weekends 意为“在周末”, 常放在句末。 e.g. They want to play chess on the weekend. 他们想在周末去下棋。 Jack always go to the soccer club on weekends. 杰克总是在周末去足球俱乐部。 Ⅹ. Exercises 一、按要求写出下列各词或词组。 1. too (同义词) ________ 2. music (人物) ________ 3. teach (人物) ________ 4. teach (第三称单数形式 ) ________ 5. busy (反义词) ________ 6. on the weekend (同义词组) ___________ 7. help sb. do sth. (同义词组) __________________ 二、根据汉语提示完成句子。 ?1. Are you __________ (善于应付) children? ?2. I want ______ (join) the music club. ?3. Mr. Lin is very busy ______________ (在周末). ?4. They’re friendly. I want to ____________(交朋友) with them. ? 5. Can you ____ ____ _____(帮我学习音乐) my music. 6. Please ____ Jane ___ (打电话给) 321-5497. Ⅺ. Homework 我们班想办个人风采专栏,让大家介绍一下自己喜欢做的事情以及自己的特长。请你用英语来介绍一下自己吧。 句型提示:I like … I can … My name is Mike. I like … _________ I can … Section B 2 (3a-Self Check) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 复习询问或谈论自己或对方在某一方面的能力和特长,讨论参加某一个俱乐部。 2) 能够综合运用所学的知识,就自己的熟悉的内容来介绍自己或他人所俱有的能力及特长; 3) 总结回顾一些常见的一些表达人们能力的词汇,并能进行分类记忆。 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 1) 能了解自己的一些特长,并运用自己的一技之长为他人或社会做一些有益的事情。 2) 不断学习一些新的特长与技能来完善、充实自己。为将来走向社会成为一名有用的人材打下基础。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) 能运用自己所学的相关语言知识,借助一些提示材料来描述自己所熟悉的人物的能力。 2)能运用自己所学的相关英语语言知识,模仿所学过的相关材料来制作简单的广告。 2. 教学难点: 能运用自己所学的相关英语语言知识,模仿所学过的相关材料来描述自己所熟悉的人物的能力或制作简单的广告。 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision 1. Have a dictation of the new words and expressions. 2. Let some Ss retell what Peter, Alan and Ma Huan can do. 3. Let some Ss to read the three ads again. Ⅱ. Presentation 1. Show some pictures of the famous musician. For example, Liu Huan; Ask Ss questions like this: T: Who's he? Ss: He's Liu Huan. T: What does he do? Ss: (Help Ss to answer) He's a famous musician. Write the words musician on the Bb. music 音乐 → musician音乐家 拓展: teach教→teacher老师 Ⅲ. Practice 1. T: Next week we'll have a music festival. So we need some musicians to help with the music festival. I wrote an ad for help, but some of the words are missed. Please read the ad again and try to fill in the blanks with the words in the box. guitar can call dance music play Musicians Wanted for School Music Festival Do you like ______? Can you sing and ______? Can you ____ the piano or the violin? Can you play the ______ or the drums? Then you ____ be in our school music festival. Please ____ Mr. Zhang at 622-6033. 2. 阅读指导:首先,应通读全文,理解全文的大意;认真读每一句话,在理解句子意思的基础上,分析空格所缺词汇的意思;然后分析空格上下文的意思或上下文的单词来确定空格中的词汇的词性;最后,在综合理解的基础上确定每个空格处的词汇。 3. Ss read the passage then fill in the blanks with the words in the box. 4. Check the answers. Ⅳ. Language points Then you can be in our school music festival. 那么你就可以参加我们的学校音乐节了。 can 是情态动词,其后面要跟动词的原形形式,而 be 就是 am, is, are 的原形形式。 e.g. They ________ in the soccer club? 他们可以参加足球俱乐部。 _____________ in the library? 她可能会在图书馆吗? Ⅴ. Writing 1. Do you want to make poster in English by yourself? Now work with your group members, think of an even at our school. Then try to make a poster by yourselves. The events may be the music club, the Sports Day; the art festival and so on 你们学校的体育俱乐部招聘一位体育老师来帮助学生练习体育运动。请你来写一个招聘广告。要求: ? 擅长与孩子们交往。 ? 会多种体育项目。 ? 打电话337-6013联系吴老师。 P.E. Teacher wanted for the School Sports Club _________ 2. Ss work in groups. First think of an event at the school. Then try to make the poster. 3. 写作指导: 首先,应确定与该做事项所须的相关能力;可以用借鉴2b或3a中的广告的样子来写。其次,为了使语气显得较为委婉,可以用一些一般疑问句来询问应聘者的能力,比如:Can you swim? Can you…? 最后,一定记住将本次活动的联系方式写清楚。 4. Teacher walks around the classroom. Give any help Ss may need. Ask one the students in each group to read aloud their ads to their class. Let other students in other groups give some advice on the ads. 5. Decide which ad is the best. Ⅵ. Self Check 1 1. 让学生们在小组内讨论这些分类的能力活动;每个小组成员积极发言,由小组长负责整理记录。 2. 让某个小组的小组长说出他们小组整理的答案,再由其他小组成员进行补充;最后,将一份完整的能力活动分类总结表写在黑板上让同学们进行借鉴与补充。 3. Give Ss a few minutes to remember the abilities. Ⅶ. Self Check 2 1. Tell Ss what they should do. You can add as many words as you can to make phrases. Give Ss an example: play the drum, play the piano, play the violin, play the guitar; play chess, play volleyball… 2. Ss work in groups. Try to make as many phrases as they can. They should write down their phrases on their notebook. 3. Let some Ss read their phrases. Let other students add more phrases. Ⅷ. Self check 3 1. Now you can write something you like. e.g. What can you do? What can't you do? What about your family members, your friends, your classmates. You can write at least five sentences. First I'll give a model: I can speak English. I can play chess. I can play basketball. But I can't play the piano. I can't play the violin. My sister can play the violin. She can play the guitar, too. 2. Ss write about something by themselves. 3. Let some Ss read their sentences to the class. Ⅸ. Exercises 一、根据实际情况回答。 1. Do you like to make friends? __________ 2. Can you play the piano? ______________ 3. Can your dad play the violin? ___________ 4. What can your mom do? ______________________ 5. Are you free this weekend? __________ 二、写出句子。注意标点和大写字母。? 1. chess, to, you, like, play, do (?)? __________________________________? 2. you, can, the, play, piano (?)? __________________________________ 3. you, club, our, be, music, in, can, then (.) _________________________________? 4. is, old, good, Linda, people, with (?)? _________________________________ 5. help, can, with, your, and, music, English, I (.) __________________________________ 6. tell, his, draw, can’t, or, stories, brother (.) _________________________________ Ⅹ. Homework 华美外国语学校招聘一位体育老师来教讲英语的孩子们体育, 请写一则广告。要求: ? 会说英语。 ? 擅于与孩子们交往。 ? 喜欢与孩子们交朋友。 ? 会几种体育项目。? P.E. Teacher wanted ____________________________________ _____________________________________ PAGE 1 Unit 2 What time do you go to school? Section A 1 (1a-2d) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 能掌握以下单词: up, get up, dress, get dressed, brush, tooth (pl. teeth) brush teeth, shower, take a shower, usually, forty, fifty, wow, never, early, job, work, station, radio station, o'clock, funny, exercise 能掌握以下句型: ① —What time do you usually get up? —I usually get up at six thirty. ② —When do you go to work? —I usually go to work at eleven o'clock. ③ —He has an interesting job. —He works at a radio station. 2) 用when和what time引导的特殊疑问句询问时间和时间的表达法;用所学的目标语言对生活和学习活动做计划,学会合理地安排作息时间。 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 本部分的话题是“日常作息时间”,学习内容贴近学生的生活,因为学生的作息时间安排是非常有规律的。通过互相询问或谈论自己或对方的作息时间安排和活动计划,可以培养学生良好的作息习惯和守时习惯。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) 掌握时间的简单表达方式。 2) 学习询问和谈论时间和制订作息时间表。 2. 教学难点: when和what time引导的特殊疑问句和时间的表达法。 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming-up 1. Greet the Ss as usual. 2. Present some sentences about time. Ⅱ. Presentation 1. 出示一个可以转动时/分针的大钟,一边调整时间,一边询问学生时间“What time is it?”。 学生们在老师的帮助下回答时间: It's six o'clock. It's seven twenty. … (给学生们解释在英语中时间的简单的表达方式) 2. 调整时钟到某个时间,然后说:I get up at 6:00.I go to school at 6:45.等;再询问学生:What time do you get up? 等,引导学生回答,从而引出本部分的重点目标句型。 学生们一边观看大钟,一边认真听老师的描述,然后回答老师的问题I get up at…,从而学习本部分的重点目标句型。 Ⅲ. Presentation 1. 出示几幅反映日常事务(如:起床、上学、跑步等)的图画,引导学生谈论这些日常事务go to school,get up,run,take a shower,eat breakfast等,学习有关的动词短语。 2. 出示la部分的图片,引导学生将词语与图画进行搭配。 学生们观看1a部分的图片,将词语与图画进行搭配,完成la部分的学习任务。 Ⅳ. Listening 1. 播放1b部分的录音让学生听,引导学生根据所听到的内容,将时间与活动进行搭配。 2. 学生们听1b部分的录音,根据所听到的内容,将时间与活动进行搭配,完成1b部分的学习任务。 3. Check the answers: Ⅴ. Pair work 1. 引导学生完成1b部分的对话原文,并进行角色扮演 2. 引导学生展开Pairwork活动,进行口语交际活动,学会运用what time引导的疑 问句,用数词来询问和表达时间。 Ⅵ. Listening 1. 让学生们先阅读2a部分的句子,理解大意。然后 播放2a部分的录音让学生听,引导学生根据对话内容进行填空。 (注意提醒学生们听对话填空的技巧:先听、记住应填的内容,做简单的(符号)记录,最后,在听第二遍的时候再进行单词的书写。) 2. 再播放2a部分的对话录音让学生听,引导学生写出Jim一家人的淋浴计划(时间)。 3. 学生们再听2a部分的对话录音,写出Jim一家人的淋浴计划,完成2b部分的教学任务。 4. Check the answers. Ⅶ. Pair work 引导学生展开Pairwork活动,完成2c部分口语交际的教学任务。 提示学生们可以就1a部分的日常活动来进行问答。 e.g. S1: What time do you usually ….? S2: I usually … at …. S1: Wow! I never … so early. … Explanations: 1. five fif + ty = fifty 五十 four for + ty = forty 四十 2. always意为“总是,一直” usually意为“通常地,一直地” never意为“从未,绝不” Ⅷ. Role-play 1. Ask Ss to read the conversation in 2d. Then answer the questions below: ① Where does Scott work? ② What time is his radio show? ③ What time does he usually get up? ④ What time does he eat breakfast? ⑤ What time does he usually go to work? 2. Play the recording for the Ss to listen and repeat. Then let Ss work in pairs to practice reading the conversation. Then try to act it out. 3. Ask some pairs to come to the front and act out the conversation. See which group does best. IX. Language points 1. Brush v. 刷;刷净 n. 刷子 e.g. He ________ his shoes before he goes out every day. brushes Please pass us those _________. brushes 2. tooth n. 牙齿 My sister’s _____ are white and pretty. teeth [拓展] tooth 的合成词:toothache 牙疼 toothbrush 牙刷 toothpaste 牙膏 3. job与work辨析 job是可数名词, 主要指有报酬的工作。work是不可数名词, 主要指要付出努力 的劳动。 e.g. Bob wants to find a good ____. job I have much _____ to do today. work She goes to _____ at six o’clock. work 4. That’s a funny time for breakfast! time常和介词“for”搭配,表示“做……的时间”。 e.g. We don’t have too much time for sports. 我们没有太多的时间开展体育活动。 Time for dinner, children. Go and wash your hands, please. 孩子们,饭好了。去洗手吧。 辨析funny与fun funny是形容词, 意为“有趣的, 滑稽的”; fun是名词, 意为“有趣的事”;也可以是形容词,意为“有趣的,逗乐的,使人快乐的”。两者含义上的差别:funny表示“有趣的, 滑稽的”, 它指的是一种滑稽可笑的“有趣”, 侧重点是让人觉得好玩或 发笑。而fun则主要指 “有趣, 好玩”, 不像funny那样强调“滑稽”。 翻译下列句子。 That’s the funniest joke I’ve ever heard. _____________________________________ 这是我听过的最滑稽可笑的笑话。 We had a lot of fun at Sarah’s party. _____________________________________ 这里有许多供年轻人玩乐的东西。 There are lots of fun things for young people. _____________________________________ 我们在萨拉的聚会上玩的很开心。 5. I usually exercise at about ten twenty. exercise 的用法小结: 作动词,“锻炼”。 e.g. 他爷爷每天早晨锻炼。 His grandpa ________ in the morning. exercises 作不可数名词,“锻炼;运动”。 e.g. 每天他都做大约十五分钟的运动。 He does about fifteen minutes’ _______ every day. exercise 作可数名词,“体操;(技能)练习”。 e.g. 我们每天做早操。 We do morning ________ every day. exercises 6. …so I’m never late for work. be late for 意为“做……迟到” e.g. 汤姆经常上学迟到。 Tom is always ____ ___ school. late for X. Exercises XI1. Homework Interview your friends. Ask and answer questions about their day. Section A 2 (Grammar Focus-3c) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 继续学习运用when和what time引导的特殊疑问句询问时间、运用数词表达不同的时间,通过对目标语言的学习使学生学会更合理地安排自己的学习和课活动时间。 能掌握以下句型: ① —What time do you usually get up? —I usually get up at six thirty. ② —When do you go to work? —I usually go to work at eleven o'clock. —He's never late for school. ③ —When does Rick eat breakfast? —He eats breakfast at seven o'clock. ④ —When do your friends exercise? —They usually exercise on weekends. 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 通过对该部分内容的学习,让学生们学会用频率副词谈论自己日常生活及日常作息习惯;学会更合理地安排自己的学习和课外活动时间;能够运用所学知识对某一活动进行合理安排,并培养学生良好的作息习惯和守时习惯。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) 总结归纳用频率副词谈论自己日常生活及日常作息习惯的句型。 2) 通过不同形式的练习方式来训练及熟练运用用频率副词谈论自己日常生活及日常作息习惯。 2. 教学难点: 1) 总结归纳用频率副词谈论自己日常生活及日常作息习惯的句型。 2) 用频率副词来造句,表达日常作息习惯。 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision 1. Greet the Ss and check the home. 2. Let some pairs role-play the conversation in 2d. Ⅱ. Grammar Focus. 1. 下面是对用频率副词谈论自己日常生活及日常作息习惯的句型进行了总结。同学们阅读Grammar Focus中的句子,然后做填空练习。 ① 你通常几点起床? _____________________ ② 我通常六点半起床。 ____________________ ③ 他们几点穿好衣服? ___________________ ④ 他们总是七点半穿好。 ___________________ ⑤ 里克在几点钟吃早饭? ____________________ … 2. Ss finish off the sentences by themselves, then check the answers by themselves. 3. Give Ss about some time to remember the sentences. 4. 语法探究: Let Ss read the sentences on the big screen. Try to find the answers to the question. And try to learn about the grammar knowledge. ① 可以看出,询问做某事的时间时,可以用_____________和_______ 两个疑 问词来询问。 ② 询问某人做某事的时间可以归纳为以下句型: ________ + does + __________ 主语 + 动词短语? 或 _____+ does + ___________ 主语+动词短语? ________ + do + ___________ 主语 + 动词短语? 或 _______ + do + ___________ 主语+动词短语? ③ 在答语中always, usually, never频率词等放在主语与谓语动词之间。 5. Check the answers with the Ss. Ⅲ. Practice 1. Look at 3a. Tell Ss to write questions or answers with always, usually, or never. 2. 指导:always, usually or never等副词在句子中的位置一般是在主语后面,行为动词前面。要根据问句的内容确定答语的内容;或者根据答语的内容来确定问句的内容,特别是注意问句或答语的人称或数。比如:第一个问句所为you,因此回答应用第一人称“I”; I usually get up at six thirty on school days. 其他与之相类似。 Ⅳ. Writing 1. Look at 3b. Write something you always do, something you usually do and something your never do. 2. Ss work by themselves. Try to write down their own sentences. 3. Let Ss exchange their sentences with their partners. Check each other's answers. 4. Let some Ss read their sentences aloud to their classmates. Ⅴ. Interview 1. Look at the box below. Ask a student read aloud the phrases. Now, interview three of your classmates. Find out what time they do these activities. Then give a report to the class. ? Jenny S2 S3 get up 7:00 ? ? exercise 8:00 ? ? eat dinner 6:30 ? ? take a shower 9:00 ? ? go to school 7:30 ? ? 2. First, ask and answer your friend: You: What time do you usually get up? Jenny: I usually get up at 7:00. You: What time do you exercise? Jenny: I usually exercise at eight. You: What time do you usually eat dinner? Jenny: I usually eat dinner at 6:30. You: When do you usually take a shower? Jenny: I usually take a shower at 9:00. … 3. Then write a report in your exercise book: (提示:让学生们一定要注意正确运用动词的第三人称单数形式。) In our group, Jenny usually gets up late on weekends. She gets up at seven o’clock. She always exercises at eight o’clock. She usually eats dinner at six thirty. She usually takes a shower at nine o’clock. She usually goes to school at seven thirty on school days. 4. Let some Ss read their report to the class. Ⅵ. Exercises If time is enough, let Ss do more exercises on the big screen. Homework 1. 总结一些日常活动的英语表达方式。 e.g. go to school, get up, get dressed… 2. 询问你的朋友们的日常活动的时间。 —What time do you …? — I usually … Section B 1 (1a-2c) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 能掌握以下单词: half, past, quarter, homework, run, walk, clean, quickly, either, either…or…, lot, lots of, taste 2) 能掌握以下句型: ① —When does Tom usually get up? —He usually gets up at half past five. ② I either watch TV or play computer games. ③ It tastes good. 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 本部分的学习内容仍是对“日常作息时间”的询问和表达,学习内容贴近学生的生活。通过互相询问和谈论自己或对方的作息时间安排和活动计划,可以培养学生良好的作息习惯和守时习惯。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) 让学生们掌握另外两种表达时间的方式。 2) 掌握运用本节课所学习的一些日常活动的表达方式。 3) 通过听、说、读的训练来提高学生们综合运用英语的能力。 2. 教学难点 1) 能听懂学习到的日常活动的时间按排。 2) 通过阅读短文,综合学习运用本单元所学习的句型句式,提高学生们的综合英语水平。 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision 1. Greet the Ss as usual. 2. Check the homework. Let some Ss report their family member's daily activities. Ⅱ. Presentation 1. 出示一个可以转动时/分针的大钟,一边调整时间,一边询问学生时间“What time is it?”。 Ss: It's six o'clock. It's seven twenty. … 帮助学生们用past和to来回答时间: It's twenty past six. (1) 数字表达法:按照时间的顺序,用数词先说“时”,再说“分”。如:six thirty 六点半;seven fifteen七点十五分;nine fifty-five 九点五十五分。 (2) 文字表达法:先说“分”,再说“时”,中间加介词past(半点或半点以内,表示“超过”)、to(半点以上,表示“差”)。如:ten past five五点十分;。quarter past seven 七点一刻;half past nine 九点半;a quarter to twelve十二点差一刻,即十一点四十五分。 2. 出示几幅反映日常事务的图画,引导学生谈论这些日常事务go to bed, do homework, take a walk, clean the room等,学习有关的动词短语。 Ⅲ. Matching Work on 1a: 引导学生将用英语表达的时间与钟表上用数字表达的时间一一配对,完成1a部分的教学任务。 Ⅳ. Pairwork 1. 引导学生进行Pairwork活动,就1a所学的内容进行问答练习,运用所学的目标句型: —When do students usually eat dinner? —They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening.等。 2. Let some pairs ask and answer aloud. Ⅴ. Listening 1. 让学生们先阅读1c部分的短语。 2. 播放1c部分的录音,引导学生一边听录音,一边圈出所听到的表示活动的词汇。 3. Check the answers with the class. Ⅵ. Listening 1. T: Now let's listen to the recording again. Write the time next to the activities you circled in 1c. 2. 再播放1c部分的录音,引导学生根据所听到的内容写出活动所发生的时间, 完成1d部分中的学习任务。 3. Check the answers. Ⅶ. Pair work 1. 给学生展示1c, 1d听力部分的听力原文,并让学生进行角色扮演。 2. 让学生根据听力部分的内容,进行两两互相提问。 VIII. Warm up to 2b 1. 让学生以小组的形式讨论他们认为的健康的和不健康的日常活动,并完成2a部分的任务。 2. 核对2a部分的答案。 IX. Reading 1. Scanning Tell Ss that Tony and Mary are brother and sister. They have healthy and unhealthy habits. Who is healthier? Please read through the passage quickly and try to find the answer to this question: Who is healthier (更健康)? Mary is healthier. 2. Careful reading Ask Ss read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks. Time Tony’s Activities At eight ________gets up eats a quick breakfast At eight thirty ______________ goes to school At noon ________________eat hamburgers After school ________________________________plays basketball for half an hour__________________ does his homework in the evening ______________________________watches TV or plays computer games At ten thirty brushes teeth and goes to bed Time Mary’s Activities ____________ at six thirty gets up takes a shower and eats a good breakfast ____________ at eight thirty goes to school At twelve __________________________eat lots of fruit and vegetables After lunch ______________ plays volleyball ______________eats ice-cream in the evening _________________________________________does her homework, swims or takes a walk At nine thirty goes to bed 3. Let some Ss read out the healthy activities. Check the answers with the class. Post reading Tell the students to read the passage again and write down the unhealthy habits of each person. Then think of healthy activities for them. X. Language points 1. past prep. 晚于;过(时间)adj. 过去的 e.g. It’s half _____ ten. (过) past The danger was ______. (过去) past 2. homework n. 家庭作业 e.g. Do you have _______ homework today? (much, many) much 3. run v. 跑;奔 e.g. My sister likes _______ in the morning.(跑步)running 拓展: runner n. 参加跑步的选手 4. walk n. & v. 行走;步行 e.g. Our headteacher always ______ to school every morning. walks 拓展: take a walk go for a walk e.g. I want ____________ with you. (散步)to take a walk Let’s _____________. (去散步)go for a walk 5. clean v. 打扫;弄干净 adj. 干净的 e.g. Does he often ______ his mother’s room? clean We must keep our environment ______. clean 拓展: cleaner n. 清洁工 do some/the cleaning 6. …so I usually eat very quickly. quickly adv. “很快地”,修饰动词。 e.g. Don’t eat quickly. It’s not a good habit. 别吃得太快,这不是个好习惯。 拓展:quick adj. 快的;迅速的 e.g. Tom eats a quick breakfast, then goes to school. 汤姆快速吃完早饭,然后就去上学了。 7. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games. either conj. 或者 adv. 也(用在否定词组后) either… or… “或者……或者……;要么…….要么……; 不是……就是…… ” 连接两个独立的词、短语或句子成份。 当either…or…连接两个名词作主语时,谓语动词的时态和数应与最近的一个相匹配(就近一致) 。 e.g. Either you or he ___ right. is He is good at ________ singing ________ dancing.(要么...要么)either…or … You needn’t go to the shop ________. (也)either 8. …she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch. lots of与many, much的用法 都有“许多;大量”之意,但用法不同。 1) lots of后面可以跟可数名词也可以跟不可数名词。 e.g. He doesn’t have lots of (=many) books. We have lots of (=much) work to do. 2) many与可数名词复数形式连用。 e.g. There are many apples in the basket. 篮子里有许多苹果。 3) much表数量时,只能修饰不可数名词。 e.g. We don’t have much milk. 我没有很多牛奶了。 9. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good! 1) be good for …表示“对……有益;对……有好处”; be bad for…表示“对……有害;对……有坏处”。 e.g. It’s good for our health to go to bed early and get up early. 早睡早起对我们的健康有好处。 Don’t read in the dark. It’s bad for your eyes. 不要在暗处看书,这对你的眼睛有害。 2) taste意为“品尝 …… 的味道”。是连系动词,后面常跟形容词。 拓展:taste n. “味道” 翻译下列句子。 Apples taste good. ____________________ 苹果尝起来味道很好。 Does the ice-cream taste nice? __________________________ 冰淇淋的味道尝起来很好吗? The ice-cream has a taste of lemon. __________________________ 冰淇淋有点柠檬的味道。 XI. Exercises Homework Write down the activities you think are healthy and unhealthy. Section B 2 (3a-Self Check) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 复习“日常作息时间”的询问和表达,学习内容贴近学生的生活。 2) 通过多种形式的训练来训练学生们综合运用英语表达自己的或对方的作息时间安排和活动计划。 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 让学生们学会谈论自己的日常生活及作息习惯;学会更合理地安排自己的学习和课外活动时间,并能够运用所学知识对某一活动进行合理安排。因此,给学生提供一些实际活动的训练。可以有效地帮助学生更好地学会制订作息计划。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 复习“时间的询问和表达法”以及它在具体事务中的运用。 2. 教学难点: 复习运用what time和when引导的疑问句询问时间;运用数词表达时间。 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision 1. Greet the Ss as usual. 2. Check the homework. 3. Revision 1) Have a dictation of the new words and expressions learned yesterday. 2) Let some Ss read the passage aloud. Ⅱ. Reading and Speaking 1. Tell Ss this is a daily routine of a Jack. He's a student from Australia. But they're in wrong numbers. Can you read these sentences and make a story about Jack. 2. 方法指导:首先,应通读全部的句子,掌握每个句子的意思。可知他例举了他一天来在不同的时间点上所做的事情;因此,同学们们可以按时间的先后,对这些活动来进行排序;因为第一句话已给标出,同学们也可以从第一句话开始,顺藤摸瓜,一步一步的将一天的活动串起来。可知第一句话的意思为“我有一个很好健康的生活习惯”,可知接一下来应当是Jack例举他的生活习惯;对比这些时间点可知,第一项应是从起床“get up” 开始。所以第二条应是“I usually get up early at six.”一句。其他的句子按时间的先后,逐步地确定了。 3. Check the answers: (3, 2, 5, 4, 6, 7, 1, 8, 9) 4. Talk about your daily routine. Work in groups and talk about your day with your classmates. I have a very … life. I usually get up at seven o’clock. I always … at … I usually … Then I … at … After that, I always … I exercise… Ⅲ. Writing 1. T: Now Jack wants to make friends with you. And he wants to know about your daily routine. Please write your own routine and send an email to him. 2. 写作指导:首先,应在心中将自己日常的一些活动按时间的先后,列一清单。 然后,按时间的先后顺序一个事情一个事情的写清楚。最后,再通读一遍自己的短文看有没有错误的地方。 3. Ss make a list first they try to write their own routine. 4. Exchange their routines and check each other's answers. 5. Let some Ss read their routines to the class as a model. Ⅳ. Self check 1 1. Please look at the words in the box below. First you should make phrases with the words in the boxes. 2. Make a model for the Ss first. taste good 尝起来味道很美 3. Ss work in groups and try to make phrases correctly. Write down their phrases on a piece of paper. 4. Check the answers with the class. 5. Now use the phrases to complete the sentences. 6. 指导:首先,应认真阅读每句话,根据上下文的意思来确定空格处的意思。 然后,综合阅读所有句子,来确定出最佳的答案。 7. 学生们根据老师的指导方法,阅读每个句子,并找出最佳的答案。 8. Check the answers with the class. Ⅴ. Self Check 2 1. Now look at the conversation below. Complete the conversations with questions and answers. Use the words in the brackets to help you. 2. 方法指导: 首先,学生们应通读一遍短文,掌握短文的大体意思(可知是问答每天日常生活时间按排);其次,还要根据句子的主语来确定谓语动词的数。 然后,根据括号中的提示来进行提问或回答。最后,再通读一遍自已编写的对话,看是否通顺恰当。 3. Ss work by themselves. Try to make questions and answers with the words in the brackets. 4. Let some pairs read their conversation aloud to the class. 5. Check the answers together. Ⅵ. Exercises Homework 请写一篇小短文来介绍一下你的周末作息按排。 ? 起床、早饭、午饭、晚饭及睡觉的时 间。 ? 学习、娱乐活动。 ? 其他常做的运动及日常活动。 Unit 3 How do you get to school? Section A 1 (1a-2d) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 能掌握以下单词: train, bus, subway, ride, bike, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety, hundred, far, minute, kilometer, new, every, every day 2) 能掌握以下句型: ① —How do you get to school? —I ride my bike. ② —How does Mary get to school? —She takes the subway. 2. Talk about how to get to places (谈论出行方式) take the bus /subway /train /taxi , ride a bike /walk . 3. how引导的特殊疑问句,表示乘坐何种交通工具的方式。how far, how long 引导的特殊疑问句。 4. 复习基数词及时间的表示方法。 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 让学生感受到他们学习英语是为了在现实生活中进行交流,而不单纯是为了英语课和应付考试而学习,了解东西方国家出行方式的不同,以及不同的交通规则,教育学生注意交通安全, 加深对交通知识的了解。倡导自觉遵守交通法规及礼貌,构建和谐的人际关系。了解交通的发展,培养创新精神。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) how /how far /how long 引导的特殊疑问句. 2) 乘坐交通工具的表示方法. 3) It takes / sb. some time to do sth.. 2. 教学难点: —How do you get to school? —I take the …/ride …/ walk… —How does Mary get to school? —She takes the subway. —How long does it take? —It takes forty minutes. —How far is it from… to… —It's… kilometers. 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming-up and Lead in 学生和老师进行简单的问候 Ss: Good morning, teacher. T: Good morning, class T: Look at the picture. What can you see? Do you like your school? I usually get to school by bike, but sometimes on foot. How do you get to school? Ss 按实际情况作答 S1: I ride my bike. S2: I go by bus. S3: ……… T: Very good. You’re clever. Let’s learn Unit 4 Section A. 之后板书: “Unit 4 How do you get to school?” Ⅱ. Presentation 1. T: If you are here, but your school is in Shanghai. How do you get to school? Ss: I take the bus /plane/ boat / ship / car / taxi I ride a bike / motorbike T: Do you know any other way? 2. Teacher shows pictures on the big screen .归纳出行方式和常用短语. Ask some questions about how you get to…? (让学生积极主动的思考想象总结,多媒体增加趣味性,加强直观性,效果事半功倍) 3. Show a picture about Part 1, on the screen. Point at girls or boys in the picture. Ask students to answer and write in the blanks. S1: How does he / she go to school? S2: He / She … … Ⅲ. 1a T: Look at the picture on your book. Match the words with the picture. (学生们完成1a的学习任务,然后校对答案) Ⅳ. Listening 1. Make sure the Ss know what to do. Give them an example orally if possible. 2. Read the names in the box. 3. Play the tape and check the answers. Ⅴ. Pair work Ask two students to read the dialogue in the speech bubbles to the class. Then ask students to work in pairs. Ask and answer how students get to school in the picture. Finally ask some pairs of students to present their conversations to the class. Ⅵ. Listening 1. Revise the numbers, first, zero~nine, next, ten~nineteen, then, twenty, thirty, forty…finally, twenty-one, twenty-two… Teach the new word "hundred". 2. Play the tape for the students to finish 2a. Then play again and check the answers Ⅶ. Presentation Show a picture on the TV and explain these are your home and school. Teach: home----school How long 10 minutes How far two kilometers Then make up a dialogue to practice. A: How do you get to school? B: I usually take the bus. A: How far is it from your home to school? B: It's about two kilometers. A: How long does it take? B: It takes 30 minutes by bus Ⅷ. Listening 1. Tell Ss the following recording is about how Tom and Jane go to school. 2. First, listen to the recording fill in the first column. 3. Then, play the recording for the Ss again. Ss listen and complete the rest of the chart. 4. Check the answers. Ⅸ. Role-play 1. Read the dialogue and find the answer to these questions: ① How does Jane get to school? ② How far is it from home to school? ③ How long does it take to get to school from her home? 2. Ss read the conversations and then find the answers to the questions. 3. Check the answers with the class. 4. Play the recording for the Ss to listen and complete. Lisa: Hey, Jane. Is this your new bike? Jane: Yes. I _____ it to school every day. How do you ____________? Lisa: I usually ___________. Jane: ________ is it from your home to school? Lisa: I’m not sure… about ____ minutes. ________ does it take you to get to school? Jane: About 15 minutes _______. It’s good exercise. Lisa: Yeah. Well, ______________ at school. Jane: You, too. 5. Ss read the conversation then role-play the conversation. 6. Let some pairs act out the conversation. Ⅹ. Language points 1. take the subway 乘坐地铁 乘坐某种交通工具去某地 take + the/a + 交通工具 + to + 地点 = get/go to + 某地 + by + 交通工具 e.g. He often takes the subway to work. = He goes to work by subway. 注意: 当home, here, there 作地点时, 不加to。 e.g. Linda takes the bus home. 琳达乘公交车回家。 2. Lisa: How long does it take you to get to school? 丽萨:你到学校需要用多少时间? Jane: About 15 minutes by bike. 简:骑自行车大约15分钟。 1) It takes + 人 + 时间 + to do sth 是一个十分常用的句型,其中动词 take 表示“花费(时间)”。 该句式的真正主语是to do sth,但为了句子平衡,故用it 作为形式主语,而把真正的主语放到后面。至于造句,一步一步按部就班,注意时态就行了。如: 每天早晨浇花要花我10分钟.时态为一般现在时. It takes me 10 minutes to water the flowers every morning. 做某事花费某人多长时间 It takes sb. some time to do sth. e.g. It takes me ten minutes to get to school by bike. 骑车去上学花费我十分钟时间。 其中“时间”可用long(长久)、a short time(短时)等来表示。另外,“人”和“所做的事情”则可视具体的上下文进行省略。例如: It doesn’t take long to walk there. 走着去那儿花不了多长时间。 It’ll only take you a short time. 只花你一小会儿时间。 2) “by + 交通工具”属固定介词短语,表 示“乘坐、使用某种交通工具”。例如: by bus 乘公交车 by train 坐火车 by bike 骑自行车 请注意,英语中 on foot 表示“步行;走路”,而不是 by foot 或 on feet。 3. every adj. 每一, 每个 every day 每天 every week 每周 e.g. 我爷爷每天乘公共汽车去图书馆。 My grandpa goes to the library by bus every day. Homework 1. Remember the new words and expressions in this period. 2. Role-play the conversation after class. Section A 2 (Grammar focus-3c) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 继续练习谈论出行方式take the bus /subway /train /taxi, ride a bike /walk . 2)用不同方式练习 how引导的特殊疑问句,表示乘坐何种交通工具的方式。how far, how long 引导的特殊疑问句。 3)复习基数词及时间的表示方法。 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 了解东西方国家出行方式的不同,以及不同的交通规则,教育学生注意交通安全, 加深对交通知识的了解。倡导自觉遵守交通法规及礼貌,构建和谐的人际关系。了解交通的发展,培养创新精神。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) how /how far /how long 引导的特殊疑问句. 2) 乘坐交通工具的表示方法. 3) It takes sb. some time to do sth. . 2. 教学难点: —How do you get to school? —I take the …/ride …/ walk… —How does Mary get to school? —She takes the subway. —How long does it take? —It takes forty minutes. —How far is it from… to… —It's… kilometers. 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision 1. Greet the Ss as usual. Then check the homework. 2. Go over the conversation in 2e. Ⅱ. Grammar focus. 1. 学生阅读Grammar Focus中的句子,然后做填空练习。 ① 你如何到达学校? _______________________ 我骑自行车。____________________ ② 她如何到达学校? ___________________ 她乘公共汽车。____________________ ③ 到达学校要花多长时间?____________________ 大约花费15分钟。___________________ ④ 从你有到学校有多远?____________________ 仅约两公里。 ____________________ ⑤ 简步行去上学吗?_______________________ 不,她骑自行车。 ____________________ ⑥ 他们乘公共汽车去上学吗?_________________ 不,他们步行。 ____________________ 2. Ss check the answer with their partners. 3. Give Ss six more minutes to try to remember the sentences. Ⅲ. Practice 1. Look at 3a. Tell Ss to match the sentences with the answers. 2. 方法指导: 首先,应重点读左面的五个疑问句,分清它们是特殊疑问句还是一般疑问句;其次,要明确特殊疑问词的用法:how是对出行方式提问;how long是对行程所用的时间提问;how far是对距离提问。然后,再读答语。依次给每个问句找到正确的答语。 3. 学生们按教师说的方法,认真阅读找答语,提高阅读理解的能力。 4. Check the answers with the class. Ⅳ. Practice 1. Look at 3b. Tell Ss to use these words below to make questions. Then answer them. 2. 方法指导: 首先,应分清它们是特殊疑问句还是一般疑问句,看所给的词汇,如果含有特殊疑问词应是特殊疑问句,如果没有则应是一般疑问句;其次,要明确特殊疑问词的句式结构:特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句。然后,再根据自己的实际情况,回答这些问题。最后,再通读一遍自己造的问句与答语,确保没有语法上的错误。 3. 学生们按教师说的方法,分析每句话中所给的提示词,并造成一个正确的问句,然后给出一个合理的答语。 4. Check the answers with the partners. For example: How do you get to school? I take a bus to school. Ⅴ. Game (Find someone who…) 1. Now, look at the chart below. Can you tell the meaning of each sentence? 2. Let some Ss say the meaning of the sentences. 3. Make sure Ss know how to do this game. 4. Ss ask and answer these questions with their classmates: S1: How far is it from your home to school, S2? S2: It's about ten kilometers. S1: Oh, no. How far is it from your home to school, S3? S3: It's about five kilometers. S1: Oh, yeah. … 5. 提示:对部分能力的较差的学生,可以给他们下列问题提示: ① How far is it from your home to school? ② How do you get to school? ③ How long does it take you to get to school? 6. 看谁能最先完成调查,并找到与表格中数据相一致的同学。 Ⅵ. Exercises 1. If time is enough, do more exercises on the screen. Homework 1. Read the sentences in Grammar Focus. 2. Make a survey. How does your father get to work? Section B 1 (1a-2c) 一、教学目标: 1. 语言知识目标: 1) 能掌握以下单词: drive, live, stop, think of, cross, river, many, village, villager, between, between…and…, bridge, boat, ropeway, year, afraid, like, dream, come true 2) 表达采用怎样的交通方式去某地: Well, I ride my bike to the subway station. Then I take the subway. 3) 阅读短文,获取相关信息的能力。 2. 情感态度价值观目标: 了解东西方国家出行方式的不同,以及不同的交通规则,教育学生注意交通安全, 加深对交通知识的了解。倡导自觉遵守交通法规及礼貌,构建和谐的人际关系。了解交通的发展,培养创新精神。 二、教学重难点 1. 教学重点: 1) 通过进行听、说的训练,来提高学生们综合运用所学知识的能力。 2) 通过读、写的训练,来让学生们能真正在实际活动中运用所学的知识。 2. 教学难点 听力训练与阅读训练 三、教学过程 Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision 1. Greet Ss as usual. 2. Check the homework. Ⅱ. Presentation 1. 我们来认识几个新单词。I'll show you some pictures on the screen. Let's learn some new words. (在屏幕上展示p16页的图片) 2. Ss read and try to remember the new words and expressions. Ⅲ. Match T: 1. Let's open our books at page 16, point out the blank line in front of each numbered phrase. Ask Ss to match each phrase with a picture by writing the letter of the picture in the bank in front of the correct word. One has done for students. 2. Check the answers. Ⅳ. Pairwork 1. First ask two students to read the dialogue to the class. Sa: How do you get to school? Sb: Well, I ride my bike to the subway station. Then I take the subway. 2. Suppose you use two kinds of transportation to get to school. Tell your partner how you get to school. 3. Ss practice the conversations in pairs. 4. Let some pairs to act out their conversations. Ⅴ. Listening 1c: 1. Ask different Ss to read each line to the class 2. Play the tape for the Ss to listen and check the things Mary wants to know. 3. Get Ss finish the listening task then check the answers. 1d: 1. Listen again. How does Bob get to his grandparents' home? Check 1 or 2. 2. Play the tape twice for the Ss to listen and check. 3. Check the answers. Listen and complete the conversation. Mary: I love your home, Bob. It’s so _____! Bob: Thanks, Mary. My ______________ home is very big, too. Mary: ______ do they live? Bob: It’s about ____ kilometers from here. Mary: Wow! That’s ____. Bob: Yes, it is. So I go there and see my grandparents only _______________ a year. Mary: _____ do you get there? Bob: I usually take the ______. Mary: ________ does it take? Bob: It takes about ________. And then I _________ from the train station to their home. Mary: Wow. That’s a long _____. Ⅵ. Speaking 1. Let students tell how Bob gets to his grandparents' home. Ask students to use the pictures in 1d. And write these sentences on the blackboard. A: How does grandpa get to the park? B: First, he … to … C: Then, he … to … D: Finally he … 2. Ss work with their partners. Try to say how Bob get to his grandparents' home. 3. Check the answers: Ⅶ. Guess 1. Look at the picture and title below. Guess what the passage is about. T: I think it's about how some students get to school. What do you think? S1: I think it's about how some students in the village get to school. S2: I think it's about how some students in the mountain get to school. Ⅷ. Reading 1. Fast reading Read the passage and find the answer to this question: What's the students' and the villagers' dream in this village? Ss read the passage quickly and find the answer to this question: Their dream is to build a bridge. 2. Careful reading Read the passage again and find the answers to the questions below: 1. How do the students in the village go to school? 2. Why do they go to school like this? 3. Does the boy like his school? Why? 4. What is the villager's dream? Do you think their dream can come true? 阅读指导: 首先,读这四个问题,记住这四个问题。其次,带着问题去仔细读短文,并在短文中寻找相关问题的回答依据。然后,根据相关依据,写出问题的答案。 Ss read the passage again and try to find the answers to the questions. Check the answers with the class. Ⅸ. Reading 1. Let's work on 2c. Let's read the passage again and complete the sentences with the words from the passage. 2. 阅读指导: 1) 首先,阅读这个五个句子,掌握句子的意思,大体确定空格处所缺单词的词性,是形容词、名词还是动词等。 2)其次,带着这五个句子,在短文去寻找与这五个句子相关的依据。在相关的句子中寻找空格处所缺的单词。比如:第一句应是在短文中的第五句中“But for the students in a village in Yunnan, it is difficult.”,可知本空格处应为difficult一词。其他几个也按这样的方法来做。 3) 最后,再读一遍这些句子,看有不有不恰当的地方。 3. Check the answers: difficult, big, quickly, afraid, true Ⅹ. Language points 1. …what they think of the trip. think of 认为 e.g. What does Bob think of the trip? 鲍勃认为旅行怎么样? What do/does sb. think of …? 某人觉得……怎么样? = How do/does sb. like…? 2. There is a very big river between their school and the village. between … and … 在……与……之间 between 是个介词,表示在两者之间。 e.g. Mary is between Jane and Linda in the line. 在队伍中,玛丽在简和琳达之间。 3. So these students go on a ropeway to cross the river to school. cross 横过; 穿越(马路、河等) e.g. Look careful before you cross the road. 过马路前要细心看! 4. But he is not afraid. afraid adj. 害怕;恐惧 (1) be afraid …… 害怕的 e.g. The girl is very afraid. 小女孩很害怕。 (2) be afraid of … 害怕 …… e.g. My sister is afraid of snakes. 我妹妹害怕蛇。 5. He’s like a father to me. like “像”。作介词,不是动词。 e.g. The fish looks like a big boat. 那条鱼看起来像条船 。(介词) Jane likes history very much. 简很喜欢历史。 (动词) Homework 1. Remember the new words a

  • ID:4-4732140 Unit 13 We’re trying to save the earth.课时练(有答案解析)

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  • ID:4-4732130 Unit 11 Sad movies make me cry.课时练(有答案解析)

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/九年级全/Unit 11 Sad movies make me cry./本单元综合与测试

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