欢迎您,[登陆][注册] (您的IP:54.226.25.74)

初中英语素材专区
全部(444) 课件 教案 试卷 学案 素材 视频 电子教材
不限 普通资料 精品资料 特供资料 成套资料
  • ID:4-5359200 初中英语语法讲解flash课件大全(三)

    初中英语/素材专区/视频资料

  • ID:4-5359199 初中英语语法讲解flash课件大全(二)

    初中英语/素材专区/视频资料

  • ID:4-5359196 初中英语语法讲解flash课件大全(一)

    初中英语/素材专区/视频资料

  • ID:4-5335434 【精品】万圣节英语课件

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    Halloween! How can we spend our time on Halloween? The answers would be different. The origin of Halloween originn n.由来 Halloween Halloween is a holiday celebrated on October 31 in the USA, Canada, England, Ireland, Scotland, Mexico, Latin America, and Spain. Halloween dates back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in). The Celtic peoples lived over 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom, and Northern France. 在2000多年前的爱尔兰地区及法国北部,住着一群凯尔特人,而万圣节就是起源于古塞尔特人的一个叫做Samhain的节庆 。 For the Celtic peoples, the New Year was celebrated on November 1st of every year. This date marked the end of Summer and the beginning of Winter. For the Celtic peoples, the New Year was celebrated on November 1st of every year. This date marked the end of Summer and the beginning of Winter. This time of year was often associated with human death. 凯尔特人选在每年11月1日庆祝新年,正值夏天结束,冬天刚开始的时节多半让人联想到黑暗的死亡。 The Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred as the dead searched for the afterlife. Thus, on the night of October 31st, they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to Earth to cause mischief and trouble. 凯尔特人相信在新年的前一晚,阴间和阳间的大门不再门禁森严,此时阴间的鬼魂会趁机跑出来,为阳间的人们带来厄运。所以,在十月三十一日晚上,凯尔特人会庆祝Samhain这个节日,以趋魔避邪。 ? To commemorate the event, people built huge sacred bonfires where animals and crops were sacrificed to the Gods for protection, and to help scare ghosts away. The Celts also wore costumes to disguise themselves, in an attempt to confuse the spirits roaming the Earth. 凯尔特人借着神圣的营火,燃烧献祭的动物和尸体,以赶走可怕的鬼魂并祈求神的保护。同时,凯尔特人也会假扮成鬼的样子,企图混淆跑到阳间的鬼魂 。 万圣节的象征物 Jack-o’-lantern Jake -O-Lantern Carved pumpkins are traditionally known as “Jack-o-lanterns.” Traditionally, the jack-o-lantern was carved from a turnip, potato, or beet and lit with a burning candle. These lanterns represented the souls of departed loved ones and were placed in windows or set on porches to welcome the deceased. They also served as protection from evil spirits freed from the dead on Halloween night. In North America, turnips, potatoes, and beets were not as readily available, so the pumpkin was used and found to be a suitable replacement. 众人皆知的杰克南瓜灯是刻在南瓜上,但人们一开始是在萝卜,马铃薯或甜菜上刻灯笼,然后挖空并点燃蜡烛在里面,形成灯笼。这些灯笼代表着过世的亲友,并被放置在窗边或门廊上,以欢迎他们回来。他们也被视为可趋魔避邪的象征。在北美洲,萝卜,马铃薯和甜菜很罕见,因此常见的南瓜就成了非常适合的代替品。 Jack-o-lanterns People have been making Jack-o-lanterns on Halloween for centuries. The practice originated from an Irish myth about a man known as “Stingy Jack.” Stingy Jack one day invited the Devil to have a drink with him. Not wanting to pay for the drink, he tricked the Devil into turning himself into a coin, and then put the Devil into his pocket next to a cross that prevented the Devil from changing back into his original form. Jack freed the Devil after the Devil promised not to bother Jack or, should he die, claim his soul. 万圣节刻杰克南瓜灯的习俗已经有几世纪的历史了。为什么要取名为杰克呢?在爱尔兰人的传说中有个有名的小气杰克。有一天小气杰克请魔鬼喝酒,喝完后,小气杰克却小气地不想付钱,所以他就骗魔鬼,要魔鬼把自己变成一枚硬币,魔鬼变成硬币后,小气杰克迅速地把硬币放在口袋里,和十字架放在一起,以防魔鬼变回原形。之后,魔鬼对小气杰克发誓,他绝对不会对小气杰克报仇,也保证杰克死了也不会让他下地狱。这时,小气杰克才让魔鬼变回原形。 ? Eventually, when Jack did die, God would not take him into Heaven, and the Devil, who had promised not to claim Jack’s soul, could not take him into Hell. Thus, the Devil sent Jack’s spirit into the night with only a burning candle to light his way. Jack put the candle into a carved turnip and has been roaming the Earth ever since. The Irish began to refer to this ghostly figure as “Jack of the Lantern,” and then simply as “Jack-o-lantern.” 到小气杰克死掉后,上帝不允许他进入天堂,而魔鬼曾答应过他不会让他下地狱,所以杰克死后哪都去不了。因此,魔鬼就让他的灵魂漂泊在黑夜里,只留给他一根燃烧的蜡烛来指引他.从此以后,杰克就把蜡烛放在挖空刻好的萝卜里,并且一直留在人间吓人。爱尔兰人一开始称之为杰克的南瓜灯笼( Jack of the Lantern),后来简称为杰克南瓜灯( Jack-o-lantern)。 ? Symbols of Halloween Modern day Halloween celebrations use many symbols to help make the holiday more interesting Some of these include………… 现代人用许多东西来庆祝万圣节,让这个节日变得更有趣。你知道 是哪些东西吗? ? 蝙蝠是其中一项,因为蝙蝠只住在坟墓,洞穴和废弃的教堂或建筑物中,又因为蝙蝠常令人联想到女巫或吸血鬼,因此他们被视为邪恶的象征。在传说中,女巫和吸血鬼可以化身成蝙蝠,又因为吸血蝙蝠是唯一一种饮血维生的哺乳类动物,因此蝙蝠常让人联想到死亡或邪恶的仪式。 ? BATS Because bats only fly at night and live in tombs, caves, and abandoned churches and buildings, they are believed to be omens of evil. They are commonly associated with witches and vampires. It is superstition that witches and vampires can take the form of a bat. Since the vampire bat is the only mammal that feeds on blood, they are often linked to death and occult rituals. WITCHES 女巫因为会算命又会下好咒语和坏咒语,人们相信女巫们的能力在10月31日这天会最强,所以让很多人很害怕她们。几世纪以来,女巫的形象改变许多,以前人们认为,女巫都是绿皮肤,长的很老,脸上布满皱纹。现在则很多人认为女巫的能力可以是邪恶或具有智慧的。 Witches were thought to be tellers of fortune and to cast spells, both good and bad. This frightened many because it was believed that these powers were the strongest on Halloween night. The image of a witch has changed greatly over the centuries. Once thought to be old, wrinkled, green skinned hags, many people associate witchcraft to either evil or as being wise.   Broomsticks 女巫和扫把形影不离已有几世纪之久,通常女巫会骑着扫把在夜晚飞行,而她们的同伴黑猫会坐在扫把的另一端陪着她们飞行.会什么女巫会和扫把形影不离呢?因为在万圣节那天,通常会下着雨,而女巫们需要用扫把扫掉地上的大水坑,或地上的积水以便行走。 Witches and broomsticks go hand in hand. They have been associated for centuries. Often, witches are depicted riding them across the night sky with a black cat on one end. It is believed that because Halloween occurred during the rainy season, women used their broomsticks to vault over large puddles and to sweep water out of their paths while walking. Thus, the two became associated.   OWLS Superstitions suggest that owls ate the souls of the dying by swooping to Earth. Owls screeches and their glassy stare are an omen of death and disaster. The owl is rarely seen during the day and is associated with night behaviors. 传说中,猫头鹰会从天空俯冲下来吃掉人的灵魂。猫头鹰的叫声和眼神让人联想到死亡和灾难。再者,猫头鹰很少在白天出现,也都让人不得不认为他们是属于黑暗和恐怖。 ? ? BLACK CATS Cats, for centuries, have been considered to be spiritual animals that have the ability to sense good and bad spirits. Western superstitions detail that black cats are able to represent spirits or incarnated humans, thereby linking them to witchcraft. Black is also the color most commonly associated with evil. 从几世纪前,人们就认为猫是一种有灵性的动物,它们能感应到好或坏的灵魂。西方的传说里,有一种说法,黑猫是灵魂的化身。此外,黑色也是邪恶象征。 ? Ghosts & Skeletons Ghosts are universal symbols for the departed. Skeletons and bones are symbols of death and shortness of life. Since Halloween’s origins lie as the festival of the dead, it seems only fitting that ghosts and skeletons would be used. 鬼魂是公认的死亡象征﹔骷髅象征死亡和短暂的生命。既然万圣节一开始就是一个鬼节,当然鬼魂和骷髅就理所当然成了万圣节必见的东西。 ? Spiders & Webs While many cultures feel that the spider and web represent the weaving of life, in reference to Halloween, they represent dark, spooky places and haunted houses long forgotten. 很多文化都视蜘蛛和蜘蛛网为编织生命的象征,但在万圣节,他们却象征着黑暗,恐怖的地方或长久被遗忘的鬼屋。 Other Symbols Other symbols related to Halloween include the colors black and orange, scarecrows, the moon, vampires, werewolves, and the wearing of masks. 其它还包括了黑色和橘色,乌鸦,月亮,吸血鬼,狼人和面具。 哪些具体方式来过圣诞节呢? care bare dare scare v.使惊吓;恐吓;吓走 Q1: When is Halloween? Q2:What clothes do children wear? Fill in the blanks: They wear scary clothes. They_____ ( , ) the people. scare scary sweets 万圣节象征物 万圣夜的主题是鬼怪、吓人,以及与死亡、魔法、怪物有关的事物。通常与万圣夜扯上关系的事物有鬼魂、食尸鬼、巫婆、蝙蝠、黑猫、猫头鹰、精灵、僵尸、骷髅和恶魔等,还有虚构人物如吸血鬼和科学怪人。 Let’s play two small games! 游戏 1 —— 是 非 地 带:Yes or No 游戏规则:一条红线分开两个区域,分别在两侧写上“Yes”与 “No”,学生自主选择,正确的加分。 游戏 2——抢凳子 游戏规则: 每次无留个学生,五个凳子,根据主持人的口号,喊停时往凳子上座,没做到的淘汰,直至最后一个凳子。 2 试着查找更多有关万圣节的趣味信息,并与同学分享 Homework: 1 试着用英语告诉爸爸妈妈你心中的万圣节。 Good-bye kids!

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-4661266 初中英语样稿(此资料不可以直接使用,仅作样稿参考)

    初中英语/素材专区/其他资料

    ================================================ 压缩包内容: Module 7 Unit 1 Have you ever been to an English corner 同步练习.pdf Module 7 Unit 1 Have you ever been to an English corner.pdf Unit1 表格式教案.pdf

    • 授课课件
    • 2018-07-09
    • 下载10次
    • 2651.04KB
    • Elaine0316
  • ID:4-4168050 初中英语情态动词和there be句型

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    一、can的用法: 1. (表示能力、功能)能,会 June can drive now. 2. (表示可能性)可能,可能会 I think the work can be completed ahead of time. 21世纪教育网版权所有 3. (表示允许、请求)可以 You can't take the book out of the room. Can I use your pen? 4. (表示命令)必须 If you won't keep quiet you can get out. 【来源:21•世纪•教育•网】 5. (表示偶然发生的可能性)有时会 It can be quite windy there, especially in spring. 6. (表示惊讶)究竟;竟至于 What can it possibly be? 到底那是怎么一回事? 【出处:21教育名师】 二、could的用法can的过去式; (用于虚拟语气,表示与事实相反的设想)能;可以;(表示可能性)可能;(用于婉转语气)能,可以 三、may的用法 1.表示请求和允许,意思是:可以 He may come if he likes. 如果他想来,可以来21教育网 2.表示祝愿,意思是:祝…,(但愿)。 May the friendship between our two peoples last forever. 祝两国人民的友谊万古长青。 3.表示推测,意思是:可能(会),或许(会)。 It may rain this evening. You'd better take an umbrella. 今晚可能要下雨,你最好带上雨伞。 四、must的用法 1.表“必须”。 You must talk to them about their study.你必须同他们谈谈关于他们学习的事。 2.在否定结构中表不许。You mustn't leave here.你不能离开这儿。 3.表坚定的建议。 You must come and see us as soon as you get to Shanghai.一到上海你得马上来看我们。 4.表推测,暗含有很大的可能性,用在肯定句。He must be ill. He looks so pale.他肯定是病了。他的脸色那么苍白。注意: may 暗含的可能性较小。must 暗含的可能性较大。否定的猜测用can't The baby can't be ill. He is s

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-4107618 48个国际音标发音手势

    初中英语/素材专区/图片资料

    73张ppt 知识到位,设计合理,是教学有意的补充 48个国际音标 单元音 /i:/ 前元音 1、嘴宽是小指的宽度。 2、舌尖抵下齿,舌前挺起来。。 1、伸出一只手,做穿针引线动作。 2、食指和拇指宽度是小指开度。 3、伸直右臂从身体的一侧划到另一侧。

    • 授课课件
    • 2017-12-15
    • 下载73次
    • 179.18KB
    • ldzxgk
  • ID:4-4091922 初中英语九大常用句型

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    1. There be 结构 there be 结构和have has结构翻译成汉语都是“有”的意思,但含义不同。have (has)表示“某人拥有某物”,there be而结构表示“某人或某物存在于某地或某时”。 There are some apple trees in the garden. We have some apple trees in the garden. there be 结构中的动词 动词与后面的主语在数的方面保持一致。如果句中的主语是并列主语,即有两个或两个以上的人或物作主语,那么一般说来动词的数应与第一个主语的数保持一致。如: There is a green apple and two oranges in the fruit bowl. There are two oranges and a green apple in the fruit bowl. 2. I think he is very old. (1)否定句 一些表示个看法的动词,如等引导宾语从句时,如果从句为否定句,那么否定形式应该表现在主句中,即否定这些动词本身。如: I don’t think he is very old. I didn’t think Wang Hai would enter for the high jump. (2)反意疑问句 这些动词带有宾语从句构成反意疑问句时,根据主句主语的不同可分为两种情况:当主语是第一人称时,则缩略问句应与宾语从句的主、谓保持一致,但如果主句表现为否定为形式时,缩略问句要用肯定形式;当主句的主语是第二或第三人称时,缩略问句应该与主句保持一致。如: I don’t think he has finished the work, has he? You think my brother told a lie yesterday, don’t you?

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-4083096 初中易混词词义辨析

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    1) quite 相当 quiet 安静地
      2) affect v 影响,假装 effect n 结果,影响
      3) adapt 适应 adopt 采用 adept 内行
      4) angel 天使 angle 角度
      5) dairy 牛奶厂 diary 日记
    6) contend 奋斗,斗争 content 内容,满足的
    context 上下文 contest 竞争,比赛
      7) principal 校长,主要的 principle 原则
      8) implicit 含蓄的 explicit 明白的
      9) dessert 甜食 desert 沙漠 v 放弃 dissert 写论文
      10) pat 轻拍 tap 轻打 slap 掌击 rap 敲,打
      11) decent 正经的 descent n 向下,血统 descend v 向下
      12) sweet 甜的 sweat 汗水
      13) later 后来 latter 后者 latest 最近的 lately adv 最近

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-4083094 初中常用不规则动词表

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    1.AAA 动词原形 过去式 过去分词 现在分词 词义 broadcast broadcast broadcast ~ 广播.播放.播送 burst burst burst ~ 爆炸.突然发作 cost cost cost ~ 花费 cut cut cut cutting 割,切 hurt hurt hurt ~ 受伤 hit hit hit hitting 打,撞 let let let letting 让 put put put putting 放下 read read read ~ 读 rid rid/ridded rid/ridded ridding 使摆脱.使去掉 set set set setting 安排,安置 spread spread spread ~ 展开,传播,涂 spit spit/spat spit/spat spitting 吐痰, shut shut shut shutting 关上.停止营业