欢迎您,[登陆][注册] (您的IP:35.173.57.202)

初中英语素材专区文字资料
全部(159) 课件 教案 试卷 学案 素材 视频 电子教材
不限 普通资料 精品资料 特供资料 成套资料
  • ID:4-6179098 [精] 【校本课程】《英语听力课程 》(设计方案+基础理论+设计模式)

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料


    什么是课程
    一、什么是课程?
    课程很重要,可是却又难以把握、离散和含混不清。就如同生活,研究生活并不是非要得出精确的答案不可,而是要增加我们对生活的理解。如同艺术,对于艺术的理解混乱不定,恰恰是艺术繁荣的表现。 以下是常见的关于课程的定义:1.课程即教学科目;2.课程即教师有计划的教学活动;3.课程是正规教育或培训的一套有组织的打算;4.课程是个体在教育计划中所获取的所有经验;课程是学校有计划的、被正式认可的课程,与无计划的、非正式和隐蔽课程的总和。
    目前,大家比较认同的定义是:课程是学校所计划的所有的学生的经验,不管是学术的、运动的、情感的或是社会的经验。21·cn·jy·com
    ?
    二、什么是教学?
    凯洛夫:“教学过程一方面包括教师的活动(教),同时也包括学生的活动(学)。教和学是同一过程的两个方面,彼此不可分割地联系着。”于是就接受了这样一种含义:教师教和学生学的统一活动。一直沿用至今 。w21-cn-jy.com
    课程是为有目的的学习而设计的内容(经验),教学则是达到课程目的的手段。教学是课程实施的主要途径,尽管教学在课程实施中占有核心地位,但还有学生自学、社会考察等方式来达到实施课程的目的。【来源:21·世纪·教育·网】
    有以下三个隐喻帮助大家理解课程与教学的关系:
    隐喻一:课程是一幢建筑的设计图纸;教学则是具体的施工。
    隐喻二:课程是一场球赛的方案;教学则是球赛进行的过程。
    隐喻三:课程可以被认为是一首乐谱;教学则是作品的演奏。
    三、什么是三级课程?
    “三级课程”是从课程管理角度来讲的,称为“三级课程管理”更易理解:
    所谓“国家课程”,对应的是宏观层面的课程管理,主要包括对课程计划、课程实施与课程评价的管理。其载体是国家课程方案(见《义务教育课程设置实验方案》)、课程标准(各学科、综合),以及出台的相关指令性、指导性课程文件(如《教育部地方课程管理指南》《教育部学校课程管理指南》)。2-1-c-n-j-y
    所谓“地方课程”,对应的是中观层面的课程管理,主要包括对课程计划、课程实施与课程评价的管理。其载体是省市课程计划(如《上海市中小学2013学年度课程计划及其说明》,在《义务教育课程设置实验方案》的细化以及提出进一步要求),出台的相关指令性、指导性课程文件(如《上海市中小学生命教育指导纲要》中“五、生命教育的实施途径”的大部分内容),以及开发或选用的教材和教学辅助资料等。【版权所有:21教育】
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    什么是课程.doc
    校本课程《英语听力课程 》课程设计.doc
    校本课程开发设计模式.doc
    课程内容.doc
    课程的哲学基础.doc
    课程目标.doc
    课程目标的陈述.doc

    • 文字素材
    • 2019-08-30
    • 下载0次
    • 7701.85KB
    • pzf66666
    进入下载页面

    需要精品点:5个

  • ID:4-6179019 [精] 【校本课程】《Happy English—快乐英语》(设计方案+基础理论+设计模式)

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料


    什么是课程
    一、什么是课程?
    课程很重要,可是却又难以把握、离散和含混不清。就如同生活,研究生活并不是非要得出精确的答案不可,而是要增加我们对生活的理解。如同艺术,对于艺术的理解混乱不定,恰恰是艺术繁荣的表现。 以下是常见的关于课程的定义:1.课程即教学科目;2.课程即教师有计划的教学活动;3.课程是正规教育或培训的一套有组织的打算;4.课程是个体在教育计划中所获取的所有经验;课程是学校有计划的、被正式认可的课程,与无计划的、非正式和隐蔽课程的总和。
    目前,大家比较认同的定义是:课程是学校所计划的所有的学生的经验,不管是学术的、运动的、情感的或是社会的经验。21·cn·jy·com
    ?
    二、什么是教学?
    凯洛夫:“教学过程一方面包括教师的活动(教),同时也包括学生的活动(学)。教和学是同一过程的两个方面,彼此不可分割地联系着。”于是就接受了这样一种含义:教师教和学生学的统一活动。一直沿用至今 。w21-cn-jy.com
    课程是为有目的的学习而设计的内容(经验),教学则是达到课程目的的手段。教学是课程实施的主要途径,尽管教学在课程实施中占有核心地位,但还有学生自学、社会考察等方式来达到实施课程的目的。【来源:21·世纪·教育·网】
    有以下三个隐喻帮助大家理解课程与教学的关系:
    隐喻一:课程是一幢建筑的设计图纸;教学则是具体的施工。
    隐喻二:课程是一场球赛的方案;教学则是球赛进行的过程。
    隐喻三:课程可以被认为是一首乐谱;教学则是作品的演奏。
    三、什么是三级课程?
    “三级课程”是从课程管理角度来讲的,称为“三级课程管理”更易理解:
    所谓“国家课程”,对应的是宏观层面的课程管理,主要包括对课程计划、课程实施与课程评价的管理。其载体是国家课程方案(见《义务教育课程设置实验方案》)、课程标准(各学科、综合),以及出台的相关指令性、指导性课程文件(如《教育部地方课程管理指南》《教育部学校课程管理指南》)。2-1-c-n-j-y
    所谓“地方课程”,对应的是中观层面的课程管理,主要包括对课程计划、课程实施与课程评价的管理。其载体是省市课程计划(如《上海市中小学2013学年度课程计划及其说明》,在《义务教育课程设置实验方案》的细化以及提出进一步要求),出台的相关指令性、指导性课程文件(如《上海市中小学生命教育指导纲要》中“五、生命教育的实施途径”的大部分内容),以及开发或选用的教材和教学辅助资料等。【版权所有:21教育】
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    什么是课程.doc
    校本课程《Happy English—快乐英语》课程设计.doc
    校本课程开发设计模式.doc
    课程内容.doc
    课程的哲学基础.doc
    课程目标.doc
    课程目标的陈述.doc

    • 文字素材
    • 2019-08-30
    • 下载0次
    • 7705.24KB
    • pzf66666
    进入下载页面

    需要精品点:5个

  • ID:4-6075614 初中暑假英语作文话题分析、常用词汇、典型例句及范文(十一讲)

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    话题一:个人情况 ? 这是中考出项频率最高的话题,其特点是难度相对较小,学生都有话可写,但掌握一些基本句子和模仿范文对夺取高分非常必要。?【常用词汇及表达】描写人:外貌:tall , short, fat, short, beautiful , handsome, good-looking, black hair, fair hair…性格:smart,clever,active, positive, optimistic, outgoing, shy, confident, independent, friendly…兴趣爱好:hobby,?be interested in ,?I?like…, My favourite…is /are?…?【典型例句】1.?My name is?Li Hua.2.?I?am sixteen.3.?I?study in a?middle school.4. ?I’d like to…5.I was?fat and short?when?I?came to the middle school.6.I?was interested in?computer games.7.My parents were?worried about me.8. I often/usually?play football.9. I become?taller.10. Good?hobbits?help me to?study better.11.I’m glad to?write to you.12.I?have?a lot of troubles.13.?I?nearly have?no time?to?do sports.14. When?I?get back home from school,?I’m allowed to watch TV.15.Could you please?give me some suggestions?16.?I have learned?not only?how to make friends?but also?know how to talk to others.17.?I?do best in?English.18.?I?will?try my best?to learn them well.? ? 【例文1】 假如你是李华,你从报纸上看到北京奥运会志愿者的招聘广告。请你用英文写封简短的应聘信,介绍自己的情况(见下表),表示愿意为奥运会做一些工作,请组委会给予考虑,并能尽早予以答复,词数:80左右。 ? 姓名 李华 年龄 16 简历 我市某中学学生 爱好 绘画、体育、唱歌、演讲、英语口语 获奖情况 2007年12月获我市中学生英语演讲比赛一等奖 身体状况 健康 联系电话 0594--1356666 ? 提示词汇:1.志愿者voluteer ??2.作为work as ?3.答复reply to ?4.比赛contest ? Sir/Madam, ??I ?read your ad. In the newspaper yesterday._________________________________________ ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Yours?sincerely ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Li Hu 【possible version】 Sir/Madam, ?????I read your ad.?in the newspaper yesterday. I’m writing to tell you that I’d like to work as a volunteer for the 2008 Beijing Olympics. My name is Li Hua.?I’m sixteen. I?study in a middle school.?I have many hobbies,?such as drawing, sports,?singing,?speeches,?and spoken English. I am proud that I won the first prize in our city’s English Speech Contest for Middle School Student in December, 2007.5.?In fact I’m healthy and strong. If I am lucky enough to become a volunteer, I will try my best to do this job well. Please reply to me soon. My telephone number is 0594—1356666. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Yours sincerely ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Li Hu ? 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?My name is Li Hua. 2.I?am sixteen. 3.I?study in a middle school. 4. ?I’d like to… ? 【例文2】 初中的学习生涯即将结束了。三年来,在你获取知识的同时,你的外貌,兴趣爱好,习惯…都有了一定的改变吧!请你以(How I Change)为题,写一篇短文,告诉我们你的变化.字数在80词左右。 提示:1.短文中请勿使用真实姓名、地点或所在学校名称。 2.这些词汇也许对你有帮助:hobby,?habit,?used to,?enjoy oneself3.短文开头已经为你写好(字数不计入总数)。 ?????????????????????????????????How?I Change My life has changed a lot in the past three years.?… 【possible version】 ??????????????????????????????How?I Change My life has changed a lot in the past three years. I was fat and short when I came to the middle school. At that time I was interested in computer games and I spent most of time on it. My parents were worried about me. Now, I like sports and I often play football with my classmates after school. So I become taller and stronger than before. I like reading, too. I usually go to the library to read some interesting books. Good habits help me to study better and keep healthier. ? 【Sentences& phrases】 1….in the past three years. 2.I was?fat and short?when?I?came to the middle school. 3.I?was interested in?computer games. 4.My parents were?worried about me. 5.I often/usually?play football. 6.I become?taller. 7.Good?hobbits?help me to?study better. ? 【例文3】 假如你叫张蒙,班主任李老师想了解班级同学的状况,以便有针对性地对学生进行考前心理疏导。请你根据下面的内容要求,给班主任李老师写封e-mail,说明自己的情况,并请她给你提一些建议。内容要求: 1.?学习任务重,睡眠不足,缺少体育活动。同学间缺乏沟通和交流。 2.?在家不允许看电视、上网、听音乐等。(自己的情况) 3.?词数80左右。文中不得出现真实的校名、姓名。 4.?开头和结尾已给出。不计入总词数。 From:zhangmeng@163.com????To:chlw524@sina.com???Subject:?problems???Date:?June 26 Dear Ms Li, I’m very glad to write to you___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Best wishes. Zhang Meng 【possible version】: Dear Ms Li, I’m very glad to write to you. I have a lot of troubles these days. Every day I have a lot of homework to do at school. I don’t enough time to sleep. I nearly have no time to do sports. My friends and I can hardly find time to talk, or play together. When I get back home from school, I’m not allowed to watch TV, surf the Internet or listen to my favourite music. I feel worried about them. I don’t know what I should do. Could you please give me some suggestions? Best wishes. ? 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?I’m glad to?write to you. 2.?I?have?a lot of troubles. 3.?I?nearly have?no time?to?do sports. 4. When?I?get back home from school,I’m allowed to watch TV. 5.?Could you please?give me some suggestions? ? 【例文4】 回顾初中三年成长过程,你一定有很多感受,从学习,生活,爱好等方面做出自我评价。 ? 【possible version】?????I have studied in my middle school for three years. I have learned a lot.?I have learned not only how to make friends but also how to talk to others. I have many hobbies. I like sports. I often play basketball, football and volleyball with my friends. Football is my favorite. Of all my subjects, I do best in English and Chinese. But my math and physics are a little weak. I think I will try my best to learn them well. I hope I can study in No.1 High School. ? 【Sentences& phrases】 1. I have learned?not only?how to make friends?but also?know how to talk to others. 2. I?do best in?English. 3.?I?will?try my best?to learn them well. 话题二:家庭、朋友与周围的人 【常用词汇及表达】家人:family, mother, father, uncle, aunt, sister, brother, niece ,nephew, grandmother, grandfatherMy mother/father is a doctor/teacher/worker….There are four people in my family.My mother/father likes...I?love my family.朋友:friends; friendship; get on well with sb.; ?help sb. with sth.; ?each other; pen friend??????My?friend is?…??????He is 13 years old.??????He is come from…??????He likes…??????He helps me learn English.??????I?get on well with my classmates.周围的人:teacher,shop assistant, postman, policeman, doctor, worker…?【典型例句】1. His name is Jack。2. He was born in London in 1982。3. He is 1.68 meters tall and weighs 52 kilos。4. He is 20 years old。5. He comes from England。6. He is a good ping-pong player。7. He is medium-built.8. He has short hair。9. He is outgoing. Every one likes to talk with him. He gets on well with us。10. He teaches English very well。11. He works very hard. He works in No.5 Middle School。12. He loves watching football games after work。13. He often helps me with my English。14. At the age of six, he began to play table tennis。15.?Li Xiaohu?spent too much time?playing computer games.16.Playing computer games?too much is bad for?his health,17.?I’m sure?he will make great progress soon.18. My classmates?showed me around?our school.19.?They even?invited me to?their homes20. They came to?talk with?me when we were free.21.?I?feel very happy.22.?I?hope to?make?more friends.23.?I’d like to thank you?from my the bottom of my heart.23.I?failed in?the PE test。24.As long as?I?try my best?with the spirit of not?giving up, everything will be OK。25.?I’m sure we’ll?make progress?together.? ? 【例文1】 李小虎沉迷于电脑游戏中,影响了学习。作为他的好朋友,你打算怎么帮他呢?请用下面所给的提示词写一篇短文。 提示词:???give up ???concentrate on ??be (become)interested in Li Xiaohu spent too much time playing computer games and fell behind others. ? 【possible version】 Xiao?Hu spent too much time playing computer games and he fell behind others. As a close friend of his, I must do something to help him. First, I must tell him that playing computer games too much is bad for his health, especially for his eyes. So he must give it up. I can play more sports with him after school. Maybe he will become more interested in sports than computer games. ???And then?I’ll ask him to concentrate more on his study. Of course, I will try my best to help him with all his subjects. I think I can do it in many fun ways and let him find much fun in studying. ???At the same time,?I’ll ask both his parents and our teachers to help him, too. If I try these, I’m sure he will make great progress soon. ? 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?Li Xiaohu?spent too much time?playing computer games. 2.?Playing computer games?too much is bad for?his health, 3.I’m sure?he will make great progress soon. ? 【例文2】 李红是某校九年级(1)班一名新转入的外地学生。几个星期来,老师和同学们对她的关心和帮助让她倍感温暖,使她逐渐适应了新的学习和生活环境。 假如你是李红,请你根据下面表中的提示语写一则日记,叙述这几个星期以来他们对你各方面的关心、帮助以及你的感受和愿望。 生活方面 1.?同学们从家中带来当地可口的食物给我吃;2.?同学们带我参观校园,周末邀请我到他们家做客;3.?下午放学后,同学们经常带我去操场跑步、打排球。 思想方面 老师、同学们找我谈心,和我交朋友。 学习方面 …… 感受和愿望 …… 注意:1.?词数:80个左右?(日记开头已给出的内容不计入总词数); ??????????2.?内容必须包括上表中的要点,可适当发挥,但不要逐条翻译; 3.?条理清楚、语句连贯;????? 4.?文中不得出现真实的地名、校名和人名。 6th June My teachers and classmates have helped me a lot since I came here. They brought???????????????????? 6th June ???? ? 【possible version】?????????????????????????????????????????????????? My teachers and classmates have helped me a lot since I came here. They brought?me local food from their homes. They were very delicious.?My classmates showed me around our school. They even invited me to their homes, watching TV and enjoying dinner. After school they often ran and played volleyball with me in the playground. They came to talk with me when we were free. We have been good friends. They helped me with my lessons. When I had problems, I went to them for help.?I feel very happy here. I hope to make more friends and make progress in my studies. July 1st 【Sentences& phrases】 1. My classmates?showed me around?our school. 2.?They even?invited me to?their homes 3. They came to?talk with?me when we were free. 4.?I?feel very happy. 5.?I?hope to?make?more friendds. ? 【例文3】 假如你是初三学生杨帆,在复习备考阶段遇到烦恼时。你的笔友Mike给过你很多鼓励。.现在请你给他写封回信,感谢他对你的鼓励和帮助。 内容提示:1.?What troubled you? ?2.?How did he encourage you? 3.?Thanks for his help. 写作要求:1.80词左右;2.信的开头、结尾已给出,不计入总词数;3.信中不能出现真实姓名和校名。 Dear Mike, ??????Although I haven’t written to you for a long time,?I’d like to thank you from my the bottom of my heart.___________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Yours, ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Yang Fan ? 【possible version】 Dear Mike, ??????Although I haven’t written to you for a long time, I’d like to thank you from my the bottom of my heart. ????Since I failed in the PE test, I’ve lost interest in studying anything. I believed no matter how hard I worked. I wouldn’t realize my dream to be a famous senior high school.?It’s you who?encouraged me to overcome myself. ??????What you said is right. Whether to enter an ideal school is not my real goal. The most important thing?is?that one should always dream to be better. As long as I try my best with the spirit of not giving up, everything will be OK. ??????Having a friend like you, I’m sure we’ll make progress together. Thank you. ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Yours, ? 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?I’d like to thank you?from my the bottom of my heart. 2.?I?failed in?the PE test。 3.?As long as?I?try my best?with the spirit of not?giving up, everything will be OK。 4.?I’m sure we’ll?make progress?together. 话题三:日常活动 ?【常用词汇及表达】家庭生活:happy,big family, clean the house/windows , sweep the floor, ?wash the car ,cook the meal, have breakfast, have lunch, have supper, go to sleep , fall asleep, watch TV, play computer games?…学校生活:go to school , go to class, have?English?class, speak English , clean the classroom, play basketball, help each other, take exams, parents’?meeting, be strict with, colourful school life…周末活动;go shopping , go to the theather/movie/cinema/concert, go swimming, go hiking, go fishing, go to the bookstore…【典型例句】1.?Not only?a few?students but also two teachers?took part in it.2.?I'm able to?speak English?in front of?the class.3.?I find it not so difficult to learn English?as before.4. ?There are?two English books,5.Now I'm very?worried about?it6.Thanks a lot!7. My parents and I are going on a vacation tomorrow.8. Could you please help me?look after my house?9.. Please?clean the house?and?water the flowers.10. Will you please?feed my dog11. Don’t?forget to?give him some water and?take him for a walk.?? 【例文1】 假设你是李雷,你在上个月参加了学校的英语角活动,请你把参加活动的情况用英语写一封信告诉你的笔友王飞。信的内容还应包括以下要点: 1.活动时间及地点;??? 2.参加人员:一些学生和教师; 3.活动内容:阅读英语报刊,练习英语口语,学唱英语歌曲; 4.感受:口语有提高,上课能讲英语了…… 注意:1.词数80左右;???? 2.所给的要点提示必须都用上,并作适当发挥; ??????????????3.信中不得使用真实的人名、校名;??????? 4.信的格式和开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。??? Dear Wang Fei, I'm glad you are interested in the English corner. I’d like to tell you something about it…. ? 【possible version】: Dear Wang Fei, I'm glad you are interested in the English Corner. I'd like to tell you something about it. Last month we had the English Corner on Friday afternoons in the library of our school. Not only a few students but also two teachers took part in it. Some of us read English books and newspapers. Some of us practiced spoken English. The teachers also taught us English songs. Since I took part in the English Corner, my spoken English has improved. Now I'm able to speak English in front of the class. And I find it not so difficult to learn English as before. 【Sentences& phrases】 1.It only?a few?students but also two teachers?took part in it. 2.I'm able to?speak English?in front of?the class. 3.I find it not so difficult to learn English?as before. ? 【例文2】 L 假定你是初三(1)班的李霞,你五月十四日晚上在阅览室里丢失了一个绿色书包,内有两本英语书,一个铅笔盒,一个MP3及自行车钥匙。4你非常着急。你根据以上提示,用英语写一则50词左右的寻物启事。 ? 【possible version】 Found I left a green school bag in the reading-room on the evening of May 14. There are two English books, a pencil-box, an MP3 player and the key to the bike in it.?Now I'm very worried about it.?1.)Will the finder return it to Li Xia of Class 1, Grade 3? Thanks a lot! ? 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?There are?two English books, 2.Now I'm very?worried about?it 3.Thanks a lot! ? 【例文3】 根据要求完成小作文,词数在30词左右。(5分) ????Tony明天和父母去度假,他给朋友李雷留言,请求李雷帮忙照顾一下他的家。 ????内容包括:打扫房间,照看宠物,浇浇花等等。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 ??Dear Li Lei, ??????My parents and I are going on a vacation tomorrow. I need your help.____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Tony Dear Li Lei, ? 【possible version】 ??My parents and I are going on a vacation tomorrow. I need your help. Could you please help me look after my house? Please clean the house and water the flowers. Oh ,I have a dog. Will you please feed my dog?And don’t forget to give him some water and take him for a walk. Thanks.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Yang Fan 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?My parents and I are going on a vacation tomorrow. 2. Could you please help me?look after my house? 3. Please?clean the house?and?water the flowers. 4. Will you please?feed my dog 5.?don’t?forget to?give him some water and?take him for a walk. 话题四:个人兴趣 【常用词汇及表达】体育:play football/ basketball/ volleyball; go swimming; go boating?…文艺:play the piano/ guitar / violin/drum…?listen to music, dance; go to the movies/ theater…其他:watch TV,plat the computer games, read books/ newspaper; cook ; go shopping…【典型例句】My hobby is…I?like/enjoy/love…My friend/father/mother likes…My favourite…?is /are?…I?like?…best.I’m fond of?…I’m?interested?in?…I?have interest in?… ? ? 【例文】 1、介绍你的兴趣爱好 My Hobby I am a 15-year-old student in junior Grade 3. Though I am occupied with my study, I would like to spend time on my hobbies, such as playing the piano, surfing the Internet. One of my favourite hobby is reading. Reading has been in my life for many years, since I began to learn characters. It can not only kill the time, but also, more important, help improve my comprehension ability. When reading, I can learn a lot. Reading Shakespear's works, I know how Hamlet looks like. Reading Scorates, I can see how great ancient Greek philosophers are. Reading Lu Xu, I come back to the old time of China. Reading really affect my life. ? 2、Different people, different hobbies. What hobbies do you have??My hobby is singing. It's a great hobby! It's fun and it makes me feel proud.?Singing can be used to relieve (解除) my fatigues (疲劳), and can help me improve my accent(腔调). Singing makes me happy when I'm sad. Singing songs can make you clever. I am always singing at home to share each other's joys and sorrow (悲痛) in our life and to learn many songs. I really enjoy singing.?It goes without saying that there are many different kinds of hobbies and they can't only (不仅) broaden (拓宽) our minds (智力) but also (而且) add more fun to our life. ? 3、我的爱好(My hobby) Choose one of your hobbies and write an article for the school magazine about it. Tell the magazine readers. 1.What exactly your hobby is; 2.·When and how you became interested in this hobby; 3·Why you enjoy your hobby; 4·About your hopes and plans for the future. 写作要求: 1.根据所提供的内容,适当拓展想象空间,灵活地将提供的信息体现在文章中。 2.条理清楚,语句通顺,书写清晰、规范。 3.词数60-80. My hobby is reading books.?When I was seven years old,?I became interested in reading books.?I like needing books because there are a lot of useful things in books.?I can learn a lot of knowledge from books. Books can also teach me how to be a good person.?Books even can solve many problems for me.?I will read more good books to improve myself. 话题五:情感与情绪 【常用词汇及表达】感情与情绪:feel sad /happy /good/bad…, be angry/mad with, nervous, relaxed, excited, cry give up, confident, encouraged, pleased, satisfied, worried, shy?【典型例句】1.?expressed his thanks to the people who saved him.2.?moved the people around him3.?We are all together with you for ever.4.?Please accept my heartfelt wishes: You’ll be fine in the future5.He is only nine years old.6. He?saved two of his classmates.7.?He?did his best?when he?faced great danger8.?I should?learn from?him9. as much as possible, ? 【例文1】 下面是汶川地震中的一张照片。它记录了一个叫郎铮的三岁男孩在地震十小时后被解放军从废墟(debris)中救出(rescue)。躺在担架(stretcher)上的他慢慢地举起右手向救他的人敬礼(salute to)。请你以“感动”为题,用英语简单描述这个故事并3写出你的感想。 要求:故事描述要包括提供的所有信息。字数:80---100。短文开头已给出,不计入总字数。 MovedAt 14:28 on May 12, an earthquake broke out in Wenchuan. Soon people all over China went to the rescue. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ? Moved At 14:28 on May 12, an earthquake broke out in Wenchuan. Soon people all over China went to the rescue. A three-year-old boy named Lang Zheng was rescued from the debris by the PLA men ten hours after the earthquake.?While he was lying on the stretcher, he slowly raised his right hand and saluted to the soldiers. His salute not only expressed his thanks to the people who saved him, but also moved the people around him. I was also deeply moved by his salute. As a three-year-old boy, he knew that the first thing to do was to express his thanks after he was saved. It is the good nature of the Chinese people. ? 【例文2】 2008年5月12日,四川汶川发生了特大地震,数十万人伤亡,数百万人失去了家园,数万孩子失去了校园。在此危难之时,全国人民众志成城,抗震救灾,向灾区人民伸出了援助之手。假设你叫李伟(Li Wei),请你从学生的角度,以?A Letter to the Children in Wenchuan?为题,给灾区的孩子写一封英文短信,以表达你的同情、关心、支持与鼓励,让他们尽快从地震的阴霾中走出来。 要点提示:同情?关心?支持?鼓励?祝愿 提示性词语:earthquake, kill, wound(致伤), relatives, destroy, lonely, homeland, loveliest, whole-heartedly(全心全意地),donate, overcome (克服), confidence, firm will (坚定的意志),rebuild(重建) , pocket money (零花钱) 注意:(1)请尽可能使用所给的提示性词语,但写作不受所给词语的顺序限制. (2)句式工整,书写规范,语句条理性强,注意标点符号。词数:80个左右。? ? 【possible version】 A Letter to the Children in Wenchuan Dear little friends, May12,2008 was the most terrible day for you, for me and for all the Chinese .The great earthquake killed and wounded your relatives, your teachers and your classmates, and destroyed your houses and schools badly. You felt very sad and our hearts were also broken deeply. However, you are not lonely. The loveliest people, such as the leaders, soldiers, doctors and volunteers, immediately arrived and helped you whole-heartedly. The people all over China are donating money, things or even their blood. I’ve also donated all my pocket money. All these days I’ve been collecting the information from Wenchuan. Sometimes tears on my face while watching, listening or reading. China is a big family. We are all your brothers and sisters. We will do everything to help you rebuild your homeland and make you be out of the endless pains. We are all together with you for ever. I believe you can overcome the difficulties with your confidence and the firm will. Please accept my heartfelt wishes: You’ll be fine in the future. Best wishes to you all ! ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Yours, Li Wei 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?You?felt very sad?and our hearts were also broken deeply. 2.?The people?all over China?are donating money 3.?I believe you can?overcome the difficulties?with your confidence ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ?【例文3】???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 根据中文大意和英文提示词语,写出意思连贯、符合逻辑。不少于60词的短文。所给英文提示词语供选用,请不要写出你的校名和姓名。 汶川地震(Wenchuan Earthquake)发生后,九岁学生林浩(Lin Hao)救了两名同学,然后步行7个小时到达安全地点。 请你就林浩同学的事迹,以“Learn from the Hero”为题,给你校英语专刊投稿。内容包含林浩同学事迹简介,你对这件事的感受,以及你要向他学习什么。 提示词语:a student,?nine years old,?happen, save ,walk, to safety,?be deeply moved,?brave,?give up ? 【possible version】: Lin Hao is a?student.?He is only nine years old. After Wenchuan Earthquake happened,?he saved two of his classmates. Then he walked for seven hours to safety. I was deeply moved by his story. I think he is a brave boy. He did his best when he faced great danger. should learn from him. I will think of others first and help them as much as possible. I will never give up when I face any difficulties. ? 【Sentences& phrases】 1.Lin Hao is a student. 2. He is only nine years old. 3. He?saved two of his classmates. 4.?He?did his best?when he?faced great danger 5.?I should?learn from?him 6. as much as possible, give up 【例文4】 在学习和生活中,你遇到过高兴和难过伤心的事,请用英语描述这样的经历 要求:1:词数不少于60个,开头已给出。可选用下列词汇: experience?经历经验?? unhappiness?不快乐? confidence?自信心 ????????????????????????????????????? Highs And Lows In My Life We all have experienced highs and lows in our lives. I will never forget the experience when I began to learn English. I like English but I couldn’t get the right way in learning. The more I wanted to remember, the harder I found it was. I was in a low spirit. I almost gave it up. Luckily, my English teacher encouraged me and helped me find a good way. By and by , I realized English was not such a terrible thing. I became brave enough to open my mouth to speak English. How excited I was! My confidence came back to me. Believe it or not , I won the first prize in Spoken English Competition in our school. It was the first time I experienced the highs in my life! 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?The more?I wanted to remember,?the harder I?found it was. 2.?My English teacher?encouraged me?and?helped me find a good way. 3.?I became?brave enough to?open my mouth to speak English。 4.?It was the first time?I experienced the highs in my life! 话题六:人际交往 【常用词汇及表达】get along with ; care about ; be different from; have a good rest; relax?…; take part in ; so that; know more about ; spend?…doing / on sth ; it takes sb?…?to do sth…, encourage sb not to give up, help each other, hear from each other, take care of/look after, be strict with sb, give/lend sb a hand, cooperate with each other, solve the problem, face difficulties, learn to do?【典型例句】1.?As a teenager, I met the same problem as you.2.?I can?get along better with?my mother.3.?She?cares about?you。4.?Your?opinions?are different from?your mother’s5.?You can?communicate with?her6. I’m going to?have a good rest?and?learn to relax?myself.7.?I will try to?spend more time in chatting with my parents。8.?I am going to?take part in?the social activities?so that?I can?know more about?the society.? ? 【例文一】 假如你是Han Mei,?下面是一封你的笔友Alice?给你发来的e-mail,请你根据e-mail?的内容给她写一封回信,1与她交流看法,并2帮她排忧解难。 提示词语:listen to, mother’s love, care about, communicate with, get along with, smile 写作要求:1.语句通顺,书写工整;2.可用所给提示词语,也可以适当发挥;3.词数在60—80左右 Dear Han Mei,???I’m afraid I’ve got a big problem recently. My mother talks too much to me. She always tells me,?“Be careful while crossing the street.” “Put on more clothes.” “Did you do a good job at school?” and so on. I’m annoyed(烦恼)。What shall I do????? ? ? ? ? ? ??Alice 【范文】 Dear Alice, ????As a teenager, I met the same problem as you. But now I can get along better with my mother. Here are some ideas for you. ?????Your mother talks much,?because she cares about you. Maybe it’s not a good way,?but it shows your mother’s love. So I think you should listen to her. If your?opinions?are different from your mother’s,?you can communicate with her,?and tell her what you are thinking about. ?????If your mother doesn’t take your advice,?just keep silent and give her a smile. ?????I hope what I say here can help you a lot. 【Sentences& phrases】 6.?As a teenager, I met the same problem as you. 7.?I can?get along better with?my mother. 8.?She?cares about?you。 9.?Your?opinions?are different from?your mother’s 10.?You can?communicate with?her 话题七:计划与安排 ? 【常用词汇及表达】计划安排:?plan to do sth ; be going to ; have plans for?…;would like to do...; want to do; be willing to; look forward to; expect to do; decide to; make a resolution to; make up one’s mind to; decide to ; make a decision to【典型例句】1.?I’m going to?have a good rest?and?learn to relax?myself.2.?I will try to?spend more time in chatting with my parents。3.?I ?am going to?take part in?the social activities?so that?I can?know more about?the society.4.It’s a good chance to make more friends and know more about the Olympic Games? ? 【例文一】 暑假即将来临,请你根据以下提示写一篇短文,谈谈你的暑假计划。 1.好好休息,学会放松。?2.?读书,因为读书既有趣又能学到许多知识。 3.陪父母聊天,多帮他们做家务。4.参加社会活动,了解社会。 注意:1.词数70左右,可围绕主题适当发挥;2.短文开头已经给出,但不计入总词数。3.文中不得出现真实的地址和姓名。??4.参考词汇:知识knowledge,社会活动social activities,?放松relax,社会society ???The summer holiday is coming;?I’m going to ____________________________________________ 【范文】 The summer holiday is coming;??I’m going to have a good rest and learn to relax?myself.?I will read more useful books because reading more books is not only interesting but also can make me learn more knowledge.?I will try to spend more time in chatting with my parents and help them do some housework,?I ?am going to take part in the social activities so that I can know more about the society. 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?I’m going to?have a good rest?and?learn to relax?myself. 2.?I will try to?spend more time in chatting with my parents。 3.?I ?am going to?take part in?the social activities?so that?I can?know more about?the society. ? 【例文二】 暑假将至,同学们就自己暑假生活安排进行了交流。请你用英语向美籍教师Mr. Brown1介绍有关情况以及2自己的暑期计划。 内容应包括以下要点:1.有的同学打算外出旅游,放松一下。2.有的同学计划在家中多读书,为将来的学习做准备。3.有的同学准备参加体育锻炼,保持身体健康。??4.谈谈自己的暑期安排。 要求:1.不要逐词翻译,文中不要提及真实的校名和姓名。 2.词数60-80左右。 【范文】 Summer vacation is coming. We have different plans for it.?Some of my classmates are going to visit some places of interest.?Some are not going out, instead, they are going to do more reading and prepare for the future studies.??Some want to do more sports to keep fit.?I plan to go to Beijing to see the Olympic Games. Because it’s a good chance to make more friends and know more about the Olympic Games. 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?places of interest 2.?do more reading 3.?prepare for the future studies 4.?do more sports 5.?keep fit 6.?It’s a good chance to make more friends and know more about the Olympic Games 话题八:节假日活动 【常用词汇及表达】?NewYear'sDay;?theSpringFestival?;theLanternFestival?;?Teachers'Day?;?NationalDay??Mother’?s dayOne of the most important festivals; spend…?with sb; celebrate; begin; end; last;【典型例句】1.?I love Mother?so?much?that?I’ve done many things for her.2.?I?gave Mother the card that I made myself3.?I?told her to?pay more attention to?her health and not to overwork.4.?I also?promised to help her do some housework?from today on5.?The Spring Festival is the most important festival in China6 Housewives?are busy preparing?the new year dinner.7..They will?do a lot of washing and cleaning?in the houses.8.?I?am ready to?spend with together my family?on the Spring Festival9.?Waiting for your e –mail?? ? ? ? 【例文一】 假如你叫李华,5月11日母亲节那天?你为母亲做了很多有意义的事情。请你根据表格中所给信息,用英语写一篇日记。 上午 你用零花钱给母亲买了些鲜花,放在花瓶内 下午 你去市场买菜,为全家人做了一顿简单可口的饭菜 晚饭后 你送给母亲自己制作的贺卡,并祝她节日快乐;告诉母亲要多注意自己的健康,不要过度劳累;你还保证今后会帮助她做一些家务劳动;母亲感动得留下了眼泪 注意:1.?词数80—100?个左右??????2.?日记的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。 ??3.?日记必须包括所有内容要点,但不要逐句翻译,可以假如适当细节和适当发挥,使其通顺、连贯。 参考词汇:pocket money?零花钱vase?花瓶overwork?过度劳累be moved to tears?感动得流泪 ????11th????May ????Sunday ??Today is Mother’s Day. I love mother so much that I’ve done many things for her. ???????? ??In the morning, I bought … …. ??Today is a special day, warm and meaningful. ?????????????????????????????????????? 【范文】 11th?May ??Sunday ???????????????????????????????????????????????Rainy Today is Mother’s Day. I love Mother so much that I’ve done many things for her. In the morning I bought many flowers with pocket money and put them in the vase.?In the afternoon I went to the market to buy vegetables and cooked a simple but delicious dinner for my family.After supper, I gave Mother the card that I made myself and said “Happy Mother’s Day” to her. Then I told her to pay more attention to her health and not to overwork. I also promised to help her do some housework from today on. Hearing the words, Mother was moved to tears.?Today is a special day, warm and meaningful. 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?I love Mother?so?much?that?I’ve done many things for her. 2.?I?gave Mother the card that I made myself 3.?I?told her to?pay more attention to?her health and not to overwork. 4.?I also?promised to help her do some housework?from today on ? 【例文二】 春节习俗与计划,如何过2011年的春节,假如你是LINGLING给外国朋友JHON发一份电子邮件。 【范文】 The spring Festival Dear John : ?The Spring Festival is the most important festival in China. It is on January 1st according to the Chinese lunar calendar(中国的农历). It’s China’s New Year’s Day. So usually a month before the festival people begin to buy food clothes and decorations(装饰) for houses. About a week before the festival housewives are busy preparing the new year dinner. And they will do a lot of washing and cleaning in the houses. People who are far away on business are hurrying to return home for the new year’s family reunion(团聚). On New Year Eve each family will gather tighter eating talking and watching TV for almost the whole night. And there will be some interesting programmes on TV. The children are the happiest of all because they can get presents from parents or grandparents. On Lunar New Year’s Day after getting up people will eat dumplings. When they meet their neighbours or friends they’ll say: “Happy New Year!” I am ready to spend with together my family on the Spring Festival I’am going to see my grandparents and friengs . I ’m going to Diseyland in HONGKONG with my parents I will revise lessinos do exercise every day help the old and children .Welcome?to China. Waiting for your e -mail Yours, Lingling 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?The Spring Festival is the most important festival in China 2.?Housewives?are busy preparing?the new year dinner. 3..They will?do a lot of washing and cleaning?in the houses. 4.?I?am ready to?spend with together my family?on the Spring Festival 5.?Waiting for your e –mail 话题九:购物 常用词汇及表达】go shopping for sth, buy clothes/choose, the right shoes,something fashionable/modern/ traditional/ comfortable/pleasant/ soft/cheap/ expensive,spend?…in doing/on sth…want, take, would like sth, helpful/useful, convenient,【典型例句】1.I will buy?Olympic English2.?I will decide to buy?Around China3.?If you want to be different,?you'd better not buy clothes?online. ? 【例文一】 假如你正在书店购书。你对Around China和Olympic English这两本书爱不释手,但你只有40元钱。请参看下表,就这两本书的相关内容(content)进行比较,选择购买其中的一本,并简要陈述你的理由。 要求:1.请首先把你选择购买的书籍名称填在文首的横线上; 2.内容连贯,述理有据; 3.词数要求:80词左右。 Books Price Contents Around China 39yuan the history, culture, places of interest about China Olympic English 27yuan English and knowledge about the Olympic Games I will buy ______________________ . _________________________________________________ 【范文】:1 ?I will buy?Olympic English.???It is said that learning a new language can open up another world. I am also able to understand a new way of life. So I want to learn how to speak English well. Furthermore, the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing soon. This book teaches me a lot about the Olympic Games, too. And it is cheaper than?Around China. Therefore, I think it’s better for me to choose?Olympic English. ?I will buy?Around China.??Though it is more expensive thanOlympic English, I believe it is a more careful choice. I am interested in traveling. And I dream of going sightseeing throughout China in the future. The book is full of?knowledge about Chinese history, culture and places of interest.?It can take me into a wonderful world. At the same time, reading?Around China?is a good way to relax. So I will decide to buy?Around China. ? 2、网上购物 ??????????????????????? Doing Shopping Online With the help of?the Internet, shopping is not a difficult job. Just click your mouse to choose the article you like, and the shopping is finished. You needn't step out of the room. It seems easy and quick. But there's always a trap online. If you are careless, it will bring you some trouble. You may find the color of the article?is different from?what you want, or the size is?either?too smallor?too big. If you want to be different,?you'd better not buy clothesonline. Once you put on the clothes you bought online and go out, you will find many people wear the same clothes in the street. 话题十:饮食 【常用词汇及表达】Food: ice cream, hamburger, rice, beef, chicken, chicken, apple, pear,?pineapples…Healthy/unhealthy, keep fit, nutrient, delicious, tasty【典型例句】1.Healthy eating is important for us in our daily life.2.Food can give us energy and?help us build up our body.3.It’s important to?keep a balanced diet4.I’m afraid?it’s bad for their health to eat lunch outside5.They should?make the food more delicious6.They should offer our students a larger choice of food?as well.7.All of us want to be?healthy.8.We should?do more exercise to?build up our bodies., wash hands9.Stay up late. get enough sleep, brush our teeth, twice a day. at once, go to see the doctor10.I’m afraid?it’s bad for their health to eat lunch outside11.. They should?make the food more delicious12.They should offer our students a larger choice of food?as well.? ? 【例文一】 健康饮食关系到青少年的身心健康成长。请根据以下提供的内容和提示词,以”Healthy Eating”为题写一篇作文. 提示:1.健康饮食的重要性(important,?energy);?2.良好的饮食习惯(keep a balanced diet);?3.健康饮食的益处(make…..stong) 【范文】 Healthy eating is important for us in our daily life. Food can give us energy and help us build up our body.?What and how should we eat to be healthier? First, we should have enough clean food each meal.??Second,?it’s important to keep a balanced diet. Different kinds of food provide us different nutrition we need every day.?Third, we should have a regular meal. In this way,?we’ll be strong and healthy,?and we’ll do well in our study. 【Sentences& phrases】 1.Healthy eating is important for us in our daily life. 2.Food can give us energy and?help us build up our body. 3.It’s important to?keep a balanced diet ? 【例文二】 根据中英文提示,写出内容完整、意思连贯、符合逻辑的稿件。(字数不少于60词,英文提示词供选用)?  有写学生不爱吃学校的午饭,常到校外去吃他们所喜欢吃的食物。但有些食物并不利于他们的身体健康。“英语角”打算针对这个问题展开讨论。请你准备一篇讨论稿,谈谈你的看法和建议。?参考词汇:not like, go out of school, be afraid, be back, more delicious, offer? 【范文】 ?We know that some of our students do not like eating lunch at school because the food isn’t delicious. So they often go out of school to buy something they like to eat.???But I’m afraid it’s bad for their health to eat lunch outside because some of the food they buy isn’t healthy enough.??In my opinion, if our schools want more students to be back and enjoy lunch inside, they should make the food more delicious, and also they should offer our students a larger choice of food as well. 【Sentences& phrases】 1.I’m afraid?it’s bad for their health to eat lunch outside 2 . They should?make the food more delicious 3.They should offer our students a larger choice of food?as well. 话题十一、卫生与健康 【常用词汇及表达】1.?20%---twenty percent of the …2.活动少---don’t often do sport;3.体质差---not health, be weak in health;4.作业多---have too much homework;5.学业压力大---feel stressed too much;?under too much pressure6.父母要求严--- be strict with sb.;7.相互沟通少--- don’t often talk with sb.?;8.早起有益--Early rising benefits us in many ways.9.improve our health10.learn more quickly11.make great effort to1.?plan our work for the day?? ? ? 【典型例句】 1.All of us want to be?healthy. 2 We should?do more exercise to?build up our bodies., wash hands 3. Stay up late. get enough sleep, brush our teeth, twice a day. at once, go to see the doctor 【例文一】 根据图示,简要介绍一下如何才能保持健康,并展开想象,适当发挥。要求:词数80左右。短文开头已给出,不计入总词数。 All of us want to be healthy.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ? 【范文】: All of us want to be healthy.? First,we should get enough sleep during the night.?We can go to bed early and get up early. Staying up late is bad for our health.?Second, we must have the right kinds of food. We should eat more fruit and vegetables and less meat. We should drink a lot of water. We should have healthy eating habits.?Third, we should do more exercise to build up our bodies.??Finally, we should wash hands before meals and brush our teeth twice a day. If we don’t feel well, we should go to see the doctor at once. 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?All of us want to be?healthy. 2 We should?do more exercise to?build up our bodies., wash hands 3. Stay up late. get enough sleep, brush our teeth, twice a day. at once, go to see the doctor ? 【例文二】 你们班上周进行了一次“说出你的烦恼”的调查活动,请你根据下面信息用英语写一篇短文,针对问题提出建议。词数80左右。(开头已给出,不计入总词数) 20%?活动少,体质差;50%作业多,学业压力大;30%?父母要求严,相互沟通少;20%---twenty percent of the … 活动少---don’t often do sport;体质差---not health, be weak in health;作业多---have too much homework;学业压力大---feel stressed too much;?under too much pressure;父母要求严--- be strict with sb.;相互沟通少--- don’t often talk with sb.?; 【范文】: Our class has made a survey—— ? “Don‘t keep your worries.”?About fifty percent of the students in our class are worried about their homework and studies(学业). And they feel stressed too much.?About thirty percent of the students think their parents are too strict with them. They don’t often talk with their parents.?The other twenty percent of them say they are weak in health. They complain that they almost have no time for their hobbies or exercise. So I hope that our teachers will??give us less homework. And I advise our parents to allow us to spend some time with our parents doing outdoor activities.I think our teachers should give us less homework to do. And our parents are supposed to talk with us often. In this way, we will be happier. 【Sentences& phrases】 1.?20%---twenty percent of the … 2.活动少---don’t often do sport; 3.体质差---not health, be weak in health; 4.作业多---have too much homework; 5.学业压力大---feel stressed too much;?under too much pressure 6.父母要求严--- be strict with sb.; 7.相互沟通少--- don’t often talk with sb.?; ? 【例文三】 请用英语写一篇论述“早起”(early dsing)重要性的短文。 论点:早起有益。2.论据:早起可呼吸到新鲜空气,做早操,对身体健康有好处;早起对学习有好处;早起可从容制定工作计划;对工作有好处。3.结论:晚起的人都应早起。 【范文】: Early Rising ?Early rising benefits us in many ways.?First,?it helps to keep us fit. We all need fresh air. Besides, by taking morning exercises we can improve our health.Second, it can help us in our studies. In the morning we can learn more quickly.Third,?it can enable us to plan our work for the day. We cannot work well without a proper plan. Early rising can also give us enough time to get ready for our work.So we say that those who always get up late should make great effort to get up early. 【Sentences& phrases】 2.?早起有益--Early rising benefits us in many ways. 3.?improve our health 4.?learn more quickly 5.?make great effort to 6.?plan our work for the day

    • 文字素材
    • 2019-07-29
    • 下载3次
    • 344.5KB
    • beitun
  • ID:4-5991334 初中英语异域文化素材(打包31套)

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料


    Help foreign guests at formal dinner
    With the Spring Festival just round the corner, your mouth might already be watering at the thought of the coming banquet.
    春节就要到了。节日里自然少不了聚餐。一想到宴会上的美食,你是不是就直接流口水了?
    The traditional family banquet is the year’s most important meal for millions of Chinese at home and abroad. You probably know all about the food and have tried many different dishes. But do you really know how to behave properly at such an important meal If a foreign friend was visiting, could you explain Chinese table manners Don’t worry if you are not sure, here are some tips.
    中国传统的春节家宴是海内外亿万华人一年中最重要的一顿饭。大家品尝了各式各样的菜肴,可能对春节里的饭菜很熟悉了,但是,你知道在春节宴会上如何做到举止得体吗?倘若有外国朋友前来拜访,你能给他说说中国的餐桌礼仪吗?不必担心,这儿有一些建议。
    The main difference between Chinese and Western eating habits is that unlike the West, where everyone has their own plate of food, in China the dishes are placed on the table and everybody shares. It is always polite to let guests or elder people at the table taste every dish first.
    中西餐桌礼仪最主要的差别在于,西方人有自己单独的菜盘,而中国人喜欢把所有的菜放在餐桌上,大家一起吃。出于礼貌,中国人总是让客人或者年纪大的人先品尝每一道菜。
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    初中英语异域文化中国餐桌礼仪Helpforeignguestsatformaldinner素材2019061231.docx
    初中英语异域文化为什么在尤坐飞机最便宜素材2019061238.docx
    初中英语异域文化为什么美国人称火鸡为土耳其素材20190612310.docx
    初中英语异域文化为什么美国犹太人圣诞节期间吃中国菜素材2019061239.docx
    初中英语异域文化为陌生人买一杯温暖的待用咖啡:什么是SuspendedCoffee素材20190612311.docx
    初中英语异域文化全世界21个独特的婚礼传统素材20190612315.docx
    初中英语异域文化关于圣诞的典故耶稣的诞生素材20190612323.docx
    初中英语异域文化关于圣诞的那些典故耶稣降临素材20190612322.docx
    初中英语异域文化匈牙利民俗ColorsofHungary素材2019061236.docx
    初中英语异域文化国会图书馆TheLibraryofCongress素材20190612321.docx
    初中英语异域文化国外那些与飞行有关的奇特小迷信素材20190612320.docx
    初中英语异域文化在一滁事政变中阅读柏拉图素材2019061232.docx
    初中英语异域文化在挪威无家可归乞讨救助是非法的素材2019061233.docx
    初中英语异域文化外国人看中国关于农历新年不得不知的11件事素材20190612312.docx
    初中英语异域文化感受苏格兰ExperiencingScotland素材20190612325.docx
    初中英语异域文化感恩节圣诞夜黑色星期五美国和巴西的天壤之别素材20190612326.docx
    初中英语异域文化手迹专家巴尔扎克BalzacasHandwritingExpert素材20190612314.docx
    初中英语异域文化本杰明富兰克林素材20190612330.docx
    初中英语异域文化比萨薄饼Pizza素材20190612329.docx
    初中英语异域文化法兰西之恋LovingFrance素材20190612327.docx
    初中英语异域文化法国波尔多的城堡与美酒素材20190612328.docx
    初中英语异域文化浪漫水都威尼斯RomanticVenice素材20190612317.docx
    初中英语异域文化海外文化中国地方食物正在接管英国素材20190612319.docx
    初中英语异域文化现代西方女性的现代婚礼素材2019061237.docx
    初中英语异域文化研究验证:英国人沉稳保守美国人乐观浪漫素材2019061235.docx
    初中英语异域文化童话之都_歌本哈根SpotlightonCopenhagen素材20190612313.docx
    初中英语异域文化美国中情局和中国的熊猫外交素材20190612316.docx
    初中英语异域文化肯尼迪遇刺50周年时的达拉斯素材20190612318.docx
    初中英语异域文化英语畅谈世界文化Maradona马拉多纳素材2019061234.docx
    初中英语异域文化葛底斯堡演说素材20190612324.docx
    初中英语异域文化阿姆斯特丹经历辉煌与战争的自由之城素材20190612331.docx

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-5936117 初中英语自然拼读法的基本规则(全面总结)

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    自然拼读法的基本规则(全面总结) 48个国际音标 长元音 /ɑ:/ /?:/ /?:/ /i:/ /u:/ 短元音 /?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /e/ /?/ 双元音/e?/ /a?/ /??/ /??/ /e?/ /??/ /??/ /a?/ 轻辅音/p/ /t/ /k/ /f/ /θ/ /s/ 浊辅音/b/ /d/ /g/ /v/ /?/ /z/ 轻辅音/?/ /h/ /ts/ /t?/ /tr/ 浊辅音/?/ /r/ /dz/ /d?/ /dr/ 鼻音/m/ /n/ /?/ 半元音/j/ / w/ 边音/?/ 48个英语音标犹如60个汉语拼音,只要熟练地掌握了它们,对学习英语的作用是相当大的。 语音知识: 字母:语言的书写形式。元音字母只有a,e,i(y),o,u 2) 音素:音的最小的单位。英语中有48个音素,即20个元音音素和28个辅音音素. 3) 元音音素:发音响亮,是乐音;口腔中气流不收阻碍;是构成音节的主要音。英语中有20个元音。 4) 辅音音素:发音不响亮,是噪音;口腔中气流受到阻碍;不是构成音节的主要音。英语中有28辅音。 5) 音节:由元音音素和辅音音素构成的发音单位。含有一个元音音素的声音片段就是一个音节。例如:hi,mom,first单音节词,stu'dent,tea'cher,un'der'stand多音节词。音节的划分对于单词的读音至关重要,我们所要学习的自然拼读发音规律,其实都是针对单音节单词的,对于多音节单词,我们要先把单词划分成为一个一个的音节,然后在对每个音节应用自然平度发音规律。 6) 开音节: ① 辅音+元音+辅音+e name bike home due; ② 辅音+元音 he,go,hi。 7) 闭音节: ①辅音+元音+辅音 bad,bed,sit,hot,cup; ②元音+辅音it。 8) 重读音节:单词中发音特别响亮的音节。 字母或字母组合与音素之间的对应规则大揭秘 辅音字母的读音: ①音形一致的字母和字母组合:b[b] ,p [p], m[ m], f [ f], d [d], t[t], n[n], l [ l ], g [g], k [k], h [h], r [r], v [v], w [w], z [z], dr [ dr] dress, tr [tr]tree, ts [ts] cats ②音形不一致的字母: c [k] [s] call,city,g[g] [d?]get,geography , j [d? ]jacket,enjoy, x [ks] [gz]box,exam, y [j]yellow, s [s] [z] some,always ③最常见的辅音字母组合的拼读:sh [? ] shoe,finish, ch [t?]chair,teacher th[θ][?] think,brother, ph[f]photo, ck[k]black , kn[n]know,knife, ng[?]long, qu[ kw]question,queen, tch [t?]watch,catch, wh [w] [h]what,who, wr [r]write,wrong, ds [dz]beds ④常见辅音词头: bl-[bl]blue, br-[br]bread, gl-[gl]glass ,gr-[gr]great, kl- [kl-]clean ,kr-[kr]cross ,fl-,fr-,pl-,pr-,sk-,sl-,sm-,sn-,sp-,st-,str-,sw- ⑤常见辅音词尾:-ple[-pl]apple ,-ble[-bl]table , -tle/ttle[-tl]little, -dle/ddle [-dl]middle,-cle[-kl]uncle, -ften[-fn]often, -son/sson[-sn] [-zn]lesson,season -ven[-vn]seven ⑥另外,单词中有些时候辅音字母会不发音。 b在t,m后,不发音doubt,climb,tomb g在n前不发音sign,design,resign h在词首不发音hour,honor l在f,k,m前一般不发音 calf,talk,clam,在could里也没有发音 ⑦另还需特说明一下辅音字母y的发音: y在词首时,通常发辅音[j] yes,yellow 当y在单词词尾,而且这个单词里面没有其他元音字母时,此时y通常发元音音素/a?/my,sky,cry 而当y在一个较长一些的单词词尾时,这个单词里面没有其他元音时,y通常发元音音素 /i:/baby,city,hurry,cherry (2.)元音字母的读音: ①开音节的拼读: A 发字母本身音[ei] age, ate, name, cake, lake, take, make, game, gave, made, late, came, bate, date, face, gate, hate, page, race, same, tame, wake, gave, famous, lady, bake等。 E发字母本身音[i:] be, these, me, he, she, we, 等。 I发字母本身音[ai] I ,bike, China, like, fine, five, kite, nice, wide, Friday, ride, white, write, Chinese, ice, line, mine, life, idea, nine, 等。 O发字母本身音[??] ago, radio, go, photo, rode, old, told, hold, cold, home, those, kilo, so, homework, phone, also, no, note, robot, nose, hope, joke, close, stone, clothes, broken等。 U发字母本身音[ju:] cute, bute, mute, fume, men, pupil, argue, use, 等。 ②闭音节的拼读: A 发[? ]口型要打大 at, bad, band, apple,fat, has, am, and, cat, cap, bag, had, grand,carry,back,ran,badly,angry,sad,flat,map,mat,van,man,swam,catch,hand, fantastic, thank, black, panda, that, happy, activity, drank, dragon, taxi, 等。 E 发[e] when, met, them, smell, tell, ball, clever, every, help, better, west, then, yes,fell,desk, red, yellow, pencil, bed, bedroom, dress, festival, get, telephone, egg, went, leg, twenty, next, let, men等 I 发[i] lift,big, dinner, fish, listen, it, is, six, this, in, sister, his, him, bit, little, river, picnic, think, city, with, finish, sit, chick, skip, miss, nothing, pink, picture, visit, swim, ticket等 O发[?] drop, shop, box, bottle, coffee, lost, cross, long, pop, stop, dog, not, body, box, clock, computer, doll, got, hot, pocket, office, point, lots, doctor U发[?] us, study, funny, but, bus, sun, Sunday, summer, hurry, mum, under, understand, cut, duck, truck, lucky, fun, gun等 ③字母组合的读音也是有规律可循的。如; ea, ee字母组合的发[i:]音:tea, clean, team, eat, east, speak, please, each, easy, read, sea, teacher,need, cheese, wheel, feel, agree, green, week, thirteen, three, deep, peep, weep, sleep, jeep, see, feet, street, teeth, meet, week 部分ea字母组合发[e]: bread, heavy, breakfast, weather, head, headache, ready, deaf, oa字母组合的发[??]音:road, boat, coat,loaf ir,ur字母组合的发[ ?:]音:girl, bird, thirsty, third, first, birthday, circle, sir, shirt, skirt, dirty, skirt,turn,turtle,purple ar组合字母发 [ɑ:]音 {(a在s, ss前)也发[a:]}:hard, card, park, art, car, are, dark, arm, farmer, market, party, large, star, argue,far class, vase, glass, pass, last, past, task,, mast, vast, cast, fast等 ow字母组合有时发[??]音:window, yellow, show, slow, sow, tow, bow, mow, 等 ou, ow字母组合有时发[au]音mouth, about,, house, housework, south, how, now, town,等。 oo字母组合有时发发[u]音:hood ,头巾wool ,羊毛 look ,good , foot, room, football, took, cook wood, book, goodbye, oo字母组合有时发[ u: ]food, moon, tool, pool, zoo, too, school, cool, tooth ear字母组合有时发 [??]音:tear,dear,fear,gear,hear, near,shear,rear, ear字母组合有时和air一样发[e? ]:bear, tear, wear, pear, oy,oi字母组合发[ ?? ]音: boy, toy,coy腼腆的, foy告别宴会, soy酱油voice,noise,point ight 字母组合发[ ai ]音:right, light, night, fight, might, tight ay字母组合发[ ei]音: stay, say, day, hay干草, lay设置 -tion,-sion字母组合发[?n]音nation,sation,[?n]音 decision ough,augh字母组合发 /?/音,bought(buy过去式),caught(catch过去式) ew字母组合发[ u: ]音:blew(blow过去式),drew(draw过去式),new, grew(grow过去式) ④在单词的非重读音节中,元音字母a,e,i,o,u都发相同的音,这个音在英语中叫schwa(弱读),即我们经常听到的 /?/,例如,salad,happen,pencil,ribbon等

  • ID:4-5476790 上海市中考英语考试大纲英语总词汇表

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    上海市中考英语考试大纲英语总词汇表 A ability n. 能力,才能 able adj. 能够;有能力的 about prep. 关于 adv. 1.大约;2.到处,四处 above prep. 在……上面 abroad adv. 到(在)国外 accept v. 接受 accident n. 事故,意外的事 accurate adj. 精确的 achieve v. 达到,获得 across prep. 横过,穿过 act v. 表演,扮演(角色);行动 active adj. 积极的;活跃的 activity n. 活动 actor n. 男演员 actress n. 女演员 actually adv. 实际地;现实地 add v. 添加,增加 addition n. 增加 address n. 地址 adult n./adj 成年人 advantage n. 有利条件;优势, 优点 advertisement n. 广告 advice n. 忠告,劝告;建议 afford v. 负担得起,抽得出(时间) afraid adj. 害怕的;担心的 Africa n. 非洲 after prep. 1.在……之后;2.在……后面 adv. 在后;后来 conj. 在……以后 afternoon n. 下午 again adv. 再一次;再;又 against prep. 对着,反对 age n. 1.年龄 2.时代 aged adj. 有……年岁的;上年龄的 agent n. 代理人 ago adv. 以前 agree v. 同意;应允 ahead adv. 在前,向前 aim n. 目的;目标 打算;瞄准 air n. 空气;大气 airline n. 航线 airport n. 机场 alarm n. 警报 alive adj. 活着的,存在的 all adj. 全(部);总;整 adv. 全部地 pron. 全部;全体人员 全部;全体人员 allow v. 允许,准许 almost adv. 几乎,差不多 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 上海市中考英语考试大纲英语总词汇表.docx

    • 文字素材
    • 2019-02-22
    • 下载18次
    • 122.21KB
    • 531576346
    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-5432445 图解初中英语语法 课件(30张PPT)

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    图解英语语法 什么是语法? 一般现在时vs.一般过去时 一般将来时 进行时 进行时 完成时 完成时 完成进行时 完成进行时 形容词 形容词 副词 动词短语 系动词 感官动词 动名词 不定式 连词 介词 短语 虚拟语气 被动语态 附加问句 关系代词 关系代词that 从句 倒装句 倒装句

  • ID:4-5432444 初中英语学习方法指导课件(27张PPT)

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    学习英语的重要性 1.英语是国际交往的主要语言之一。我国的经济建设和对外开放需要大量通晓英语的人才。同学们是祖国的未来,从现在起就要努力学好英语 一、单项填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 二、完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 三、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 四、回答问题(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分) 五、综合阅读 (共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分) 六、书面表达(共两节;A节5分,B节15分;满分20分) 学习英语的重要性 2. 初中英语系主要学科(中考满分120分) 中考题型 3.世界那么大,我们要去看看。 澳大利亚悉尼歌剧院 英国丘吉尔庄园 英国剑桥大学数学学院 英国伦敦塔桥 徐志摩诗中的康桥(英国剑桥) 世界上最大的电车餐厅 (澳洲墨尔本) 如何学好英语 不管学习哪一门课程,课堂上认真听讲都是至关重要。听课不仅仅是听老师说话,听老师讲了什么知识,强调了哪些内容,并对老师反复强调的知识点做好笔记,比如记单词,词组,语法,优美的语段等。上课要专心听讲的同时,还要听清老师的发音、朗读,做到口到、眼到、手到、心到其中心到最为关键?切不可“身在曹营心在汉”。 一、专心听 一、专心听 上课时要专心听讲的同时,还要听清老师的发音、朗读,做到口到、眼到、手到、心到其中心到最为关键?切不可“身在曹营心在汉”。课后多听英语录音、广播?培养听的 能力。起初,哪怕只能听懂一个词、一个短语、一句话也好,只要坚持听,就能熟悉英语的语音和语调?就能逐渐听懂英语,提高自己的听力水平。 一、专心听 课后多听英语录音、广播?培养听的能力。可以在起床后,睡觉前、吃饭时、娱乐或做家务时,放上英语随意听。 起初,哪怕只能听懂一个词、一个短语、一句话也非常好。听不进去也不必刻意捕捉什么,同一盘带子可每半面或一面反复播放一星期或两星期,直至熟悉带上内容为止。 只要坚持听,就能熟悉英语的语音和语调,就能逐渐听懂英语,提高自己的听力水平。你也会发现英语开始变得容易了。 二、认真读 上课要认真跟着老师朗读,同时每天坚持二十分钟到半小时的晨读。朗读是训练语音、培养语感的练习。早晨空气清新,是朗读英语的最好时光。特别是我们现在学习的课文必须多读、达到熟练背诵的程度。此外,课外还可以读些难度适中的文章,不断培养自己的学习兴趣,增强自己的英语预感。(例如,书虫系列丛书) 三、大胆讲 学一门语言,最主要的目的就是在生活中使用这门语言。比如当看到一件物品,读到一段优美的话时,就要试着用英语说出来,一开始肯定有一定的难度,但是,只要敢于去尝试,就一定有进步。这就要求同学们在上课时应抓住一切机会,克服羞怯和害怕的心理,积极参加课堂上老师组织的各类听、说、读、写的英语实践活动。充分利用从教材中学到的材料,积极、大胆地在课内外各种场合运用它们。经常找机会与老师、同学或懂英语的人开展语言交际活动。学习语言的过程就是不断改正错误的过程学语言而不犯错误是不可能的,进步就是在不断改正错误的过程中取得的。 四、反复背 著名语言学家、北京大学教授叶蛮声说过:“学习语言必须多读、多讲、多背诵。华东师范大学外国语学院院长、张维教授说:“我学外语,,很大程度上得益于“死记硬背,”这是学语言根本离不开的方法。英语中需要积累记忆的东西很多,单词,短语,语法,句型,这就需要你不断的记忆.因此,我们每一位英语老师天天都会对所学的单词和重点句型进行听写,测验,这样做能够培养同学养成天天背诵英语的好习惯。为今后的高中乃至大学的英语的学习打下夯实的基础。 四、反复背 例如:我的语感比较好,有些题我也不知道为什么选这个答案,但我一读就觉得就是这个答案.当然,这需要毅力,坚持背诵,你会发现你会收获很多很多东西.而且背多了之后,你会发现你会爱上背诵的,自然而然的也会形成一种习惯. 复习点的确定 一天 一周 一个月 五、坚持写 初学外语时,要认真书写好字母、单词和句子,力求规范。认真、规范既是学习外语的基本要求。同时也应是我们的学习态度。随着英语水平的逐渐提高,可用英语写些日记、书信等。写完后?可请老师修改。这样就会不断提高你的英语写作能力。 中考书面表达 六、态度决定一切 在学习过程中,我们要树立目标,自己给自己施压,自觉地复习和巩固所学内容,主动请教。在完成了规定的任务后,要有“先人一步,捷足先登”的思想。充分利用闲暇时间,弥补薄弱环节,加强优势。半年后,一年后,你会发现你已远远走在其他同学前面了。 英语中有这样一句话?Wellbeginning half done?良好的开端是成功的一半 同学们在开始学习一门外语时,应树立坚定的自信心,培养坚韧不拔的毅力,养成良好的学习习惯。日积月累、持之以恒,就不难使自己在英语学习中取得优异的成绩。

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-5419808 英语国际音标发音标准【附发音器官示意图】(整理版)

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    第一部分 英语国际音标发音标准 国际音标(英语语音) 元音 单元音 前元音 [i:] [i] [e] [?]   中元音 [?] [?:] [?]     后元音 [u:] [u] [?:] [?] [a:] 双元音 开合双元音 [ei] [ai] [?i] [?u] [au] 集中双元音 [i?] [ε?] [u?]     辅音 爆破音 清辅音 [p] [t] [k]     浊辅音 [b] [d] [g]     摩擦音 清辅音 [f] [s] [?] [θ] [h] 浊辅音 [v] [z] [?] [?] [r]  破擦音 清辅音 [t?] [tr] [ts]     浊辅音 [d?] [dr] [dz]     鼻音 (浊辅音) [m] [n] [?]     舌则音 (浊辅音) [l] (l)       半元音 (浊辅音) [w] [j]       语音知识:1) 字母:语言的书写形式。元音字母只有a,e,i(y),o,u 2) 音素:音的最小单位。英语共48个音素,其中元音音素20个,辅音音素28个。3) 元音:发音响亮,是乐音;口腔中气流不收阻碍;是构成音节的主要音。4) 辅音:发音不响亮,是噪音;口腔中气流受到阻碍;不是构成音节的主要音。 5) 音节:由元音和辅音构成的发音单位。ap'ple,stu'dent,tea'cher,un'der'stand。 6) 开音节:a) 辅音+元音+辅音+e name bike home due; b) 辅音+元音 he,go,hi。 7) 闭音节:a) 辅音+元音+辅音 bad,bed,sit,hot,cup; b)元音+辅音 it。8) 前中后元音:根据舌位的变化,元音又可分为前元音、中元音和后元音。舌位在口腔前部的时候发出的元音叫做前元音,舌位在口腔中部的时候发出的元音叫做中元音,同理,舌位后缩到口腔后部发出的元音就叫做后元音。 9)28个辅音按发音时是否振动声带分为清辅音和浊辅音。按发音时以不同方式调动的不同发音器官来分类,英语辅音又可分为爆破音、摩擦音、破擦音、鼻音、舌边音、半元音。 第二部分 发音器官图及说明 发音主要分为三部分:喉部、口腔、鼻腔。 A、喉部的发音器官: 1.气管 2.声带(包括声门) 3.会厌软骨 B、口腔的发音器官: 4.舌:a.舌端 b.舌前部 c.舌后部d.舌根 5.硬腭 6. 软腭 7.上齿龈 8.牙齿 9.唇 l0.小舌 C、鼻腔 26个英文字母音标表 第三部分 发 音 标 准 一、元音的发音 I单元音 发音方法描述: 发音时舌尖轻抵下齿,前舌部向上腭抬起,口形扁而平。发音时间延续较长。 例词:Be meat sheep secret believe 例句:I don’t believe it. He feels very weak. 发音方法描述: 发音时舌尖抵下齿,舌前部向硬腭抬起,口形扁平,发音时间短促。 例词:It big rich visit loaded business 例句:It’s a very big city. I feel a bit dizzy. 发音方法描述: 舌尖抵下齿,前舌部向硬腭抬起,口形扁平,气流从口腔泄出,声带振动。发音时间短促。 例词:Fed best them wedding refresh 例句:Well fed,well bred. I will never forget petty. 发音方法描述: 舌尖抵下齿,舌前部稍抬,双唇开口度较大,并向两边平展,发音短促。 例词:At have flat stand saturday 例句:I’m glad to know that. He was born in a happy family. 发音方法描述: 舌身放低后缩,舌后部隆起,口形张大,全开,声带振动。发音延续较长。 例词:Art fast March party advance 例句:My father has a large farm. Please park your car in the car park. 发音方法描述: 舌身尽量降低并收缩,舌后部抬起。双唇收圆更收小,并稍向前突。发音延续较长。 例词:Saw born course thought morning 例句:They are talking about Ford. I decided to go abroad after graduation. 发音方法描述: 舌身尽量降低并后缩,舌后部抬起,口形稍收圆,开口比长元音稍大但不向前突出。发音短促。 例词:Hot boss want doctor holiday 例句:Who’s knocking at the door. Lost time is never found again. 发音方法描述: 舌身后缩,舌后部尽量抬起,口形较小较圆,较突出。发音延长。 例词:Do you tooth choose June 例句:You must follow the rules of the school. Whose shoes are these? 发音方法描述: 舌身后缩,舌后部抬 起,口形收圆,稍微突出, 比的口形略放松。发音短促。 例词:Book good put wood push 例句:This book is a good cook-book. Let me have a look. 发音方法描述 舌身后缩至口腔中部,舌后部稍抬起,双唇较扁,开口较大。发音短促。 例词:Up but does rough thunder 例句:The old man has got much money. I went to cinema just for fun. 发音方法描述: 舌位抬高,舌身后缩并放平,口形微张,双唇扁平,双唇肌肉较紧张。发音延续较长。例词:Sir her third worth early 例句:Can I help you,sir? Everybody deserves good services. 发音方法描述: 舌身放平,舌中部抬起,口形微开,双唇扁平,双唇肌肉放松。在词首或词中发得较模糊,在词尾时应该适当延长。 例词:About again teacher writer paper 例句:We ran along the river. She is a famous professor. 单元音对比 i: ----- i eat---it seek----sick read----rid feel----fill keep----kip meal----mill e ----- i bet---bit bed---bid set---sit fell---fill pen---pin ? ----- e bad---bed band---bend sad---said had---head gas---guess gat---get ?: ----- ? court---cot short---shot port---pot lord---lot naught---not chalk---chock u:-----u poor---pull food---foot fool---full cool---cook tool---took shoot---should a:----- ? dark---duck march---much lark---luck cart---cut calm---come ?----- ? cat---cut hat---hut bad---bud cap---cup ran---run wan---won Ⅱ双元音 发音方法描述: 发音由向自然滑动,滑动过程中口形从半开到半合,舌位随之抬高。 例词:Eight day face gate faithful 例句:It’s pay day today. Better late than never. 发音方法描述: 发音时由向自然滑动,滑动过程中,口形逐渐由半开到小而圆,舌位由半低到高。 例词:Old so show note close 例句:It’s so cold. Please close the window. 发音方法描述: 发音时由向滑动,滑动过程中口形从开到合。发此音时注意把音发足。 例词:Eye tie ride knife arrive 例句:The kite is flying in the shy. Prices are very high these days. 发音方法描述: 发音时由向自然滑动,滑动过程中双唇收拢收圆,口形由大到小,舌位由低到高。 例词:Out how about cloud mountain 例句:I couldn’t help shouting out. The milk became sour. 发音方法描述: 发音时由向自然滑动,但不到舌位就停止了。滑动的过程中双唇逐渐由圆变扁,口形由大到小。 例词:Boy joy join enjoy spoil 例句:He likes making noise in the class. The boy is spoilt by his parents. 发音方法描述: 发音时由向自然滑动,滑动过程中发音较清楚,发音较弱,双唇始终半开。 例词:Ear fear here clear 例句:I’m living near here. Students became all ears when their professor was teaching. 发音方法描述: 由向自然滑动,滑动过程中,开口程度稍稍收小。 例词:Air care hair share parent 例句:Their parents stood over there.We rushed there in a tearing hurry. 发音方法描述: 发音时由向自然滑动,滑动过程中口形由收圆变为半开。 例词:Poor tour sure rural cruel 例句:The poor guy was not sure what to do. The tourists are unhappy with their tour. 双元音与单元音对比 ei-----e wait---wet say---said fade---fed late---let pain---pen ?u -----?: coal---call boat---bought woke---walk fold---ford low---law note---naught ai----- a: life---laugh pike---park mike---mark bike---bark like---lark kite---cart au----- ? pound---pun town---tunnel round----run bout---but bow---bun down---dun ?i----- ?: toy---tall boy---bore loyal---law oil---all coil---call joy---jaw au----- ?: loud---lord found---ford shout---short cow---call house----horse now---naught 双元音对比 ?u----- au crow---crowd load---loud hole---how know---now code---cow flow---flower ai-----au by---bow find---found mice---mouse shy---shout fly---flower climb---cloud i?-----ε? here---hair beer---bear fear---fair cheer---chair peer---pair dear---dare Ⅲ 辅音 第一节 爆破音 发音方法描述: 双唇闭紧,气流突然冲开双唇,冲出口腔。是清辅音,声带不振动。是浊辅音,声带振动。 例词:Pit pay proper open happy blue baby bike bride 例句:Chongqing is famous for its hot pot. Betty walked in a busy street. 发音方法描述: 舌尖紧抵上齿龈,形成阻 碍,然后突然分开,气流 冲出口腔。[t]是清辅音, 声带不振动,[d]是浊辅 音,声带振动。 例词:too take touch right tight do dirt card tired sudden 例句:Don’t tell my teacher,Tom. David told me that Doctor Li would be his tutor this year. 发音方法描述: 舌后部抬起,紧贴软腭,形成阻碍。气流冲开阻碍后冲出口腔。[k]是清辅音,声带不振动,[g]是浊辅音,声带振动。 例词:Kick book like dock occasion gate get egg ghost guide 例句:The book teaches us how to cook. All that glitters is not gold, 第二节 爆破音对比 p-----b pig---big park---bark rope---robe pull---bull cap---cab play---blame t-----d tell---dell tear---dear right---ride heart---hard town---down seat---seed k-----g class---glass back---bag pick---pig dock---dog coat---goat could---good 摩擦音 发音方法描述: 下唇轻触上齿,气流由唇齿问的缝隙通过,摩擦成音。[f]是清辅音,声带不振动,[v]是浊辅音,声带振动。 例词: Fly far wife off laugh very village live over save 例句: There are fifteen girls in my class. I’m living in a flat by the river. 发音方法描述: 舌尖轻触上齿背部,气流从舌齿问的缝隙送出。是清辅音,声带不振动。是浊辅音,声带振动。 例词:Thank think thief mouth teeth This those then that smooth 例句: You should think of it. This book is better than that. 发音方法描述: 舌端靠近上齿龈,气流从舌端和齿龈间通过,形成摩擦音。[s]是清辅音,声带不振动,[z]是浊辅音,声带振动。 例词:So sir pencil piece dress zoo zone zero use eraser 例句: Did you see the snake in the grass? Please close the window. 发音方法描述: 舌身抬起靠近硬腭,舌端抬向上齿龈,形成狭长通道,气流由此通过,双唇稍微收圆并略突出。是清辅音,声带不振动 是浊辅音,声带振动。 例词: She sheep wish sure special Pleasure garage decision vision division 例句: She is a shy girl. What do you usually do in your leisure time? 发音方法描述: 发音时口张开,在通过声门时发出轻微摩擦,气流经过口腔时不受阻碍。[h]是清辅音,声带不振动。 例词: He her how who ahead 例句: How are you? He doesn’t have any hope. 发音方法描述: 舌尖卷起,抬向上齿龈后部,但不发生摩擦,舌两侧稍收拢,口形略突出,气流通过时发出轻微摩擦,[r]是浊辅音,声带振动。 例词: Right run cry bread primary 例句: Those red roses are very pretty. I’ll attend a press conference. 第四节 摩擦音对比 f-----v ferry---very fan---van safe---save few---view leaf---leave fail---veil θ-----? thick---this worth---worthy bath---bathe thief---these south---southern thank---than θ-----s thing---sing thin---sin thought---sought thank---sank both---boss faith---face s-----z rice---rise sink---zinc race---raise sip---zip place---please face---faze ?-----s she---see shed---said show---sew shame---same sheep---seek shy---sign r-----l(摩擦音与舌边音对比) read---lead rice---lice arrive---alive right---light red---led rate---late ?-----d(摩擦音与爆破音对比) there---dare than---dam thus---dose they---day then---den that---dad 第五节 破擦音 发音方法描述: 舌尖舌端抬高,贴住上齿龈后部形成阻碍,气流冲出阻碍摩擦成音。口形稍突出,略成方形。是清辅音,声带不振动,是 浊辅音,声带振动。 例词: Child check teach catch Job page just judge 例句: Children always like chicken and French fries. Just have fun. 发音方法描述: 舌身与[tr]相似,舌尖向上卷起,并抵住上齿龈后部,气流冲出舌尖和齿龈之问的阻碍,双唇收圆,稍向前突出。[tr]是清辅音,声带不振动,[dr]是浊辅音,声带振动。 例词: Try tree true track Dry dream drive 例句: You should have another try. Let it drip dry. 发音方法描述: 舌端贴住上齿龈,形成阻碍,气流冲破阻碍,口形扁平。[ts]是清辅音,声带不振动,[dz]是浊辅音,声带振动。 例词: pets coats gets tests points roads seeds reads lands 例句: She wants to buy some dates. Will your friends join us? 第六节 破擦音对比 t?----- d? cheap---jeep chin---gin church---judge choice---joy choke---joke search---surge tr -----t? train---chain trunk---chunk trip---chip treat---cheat trees---cheese truth---choose dr----- d? drug---jug dressed---jest drudge---judge drain---jane draw---jaw drew---june t?----- ts search---suits teach---treats catch---cats watch---what’s each---eats inch---its ts -----dz seats---seeds bats---beds carts---cards pets---pads coats---codes bits---bids 第七节 鼻音 发音方法描述: 双唇紧闭,软腭下垂,气流从鼻腔送出。在词末时,须略延长,以防止吞音。 例词: Me my come tomorrow farm 例句: Poets like to write poems about the moon. He is a handsome boy. 发音方法描述: 舌尖紧贴上齿龈,软腭下垂,形成阻碍,气流由鼻腔送出。在词末时,须略延长,以防止吞音。 例词: Need name know skin strange 例句: This is a nice tune. I spent nine nights in writing the paper. 发方法描述: 软腭下垂,舌后部向软腭抬起,堵住口腔通道,气流从鼻腔送出。词末时发音清晰有力,略微延长。 例词: Bank song singing longer English 例句: She’s good at singing English songs. I need a long string. 第八节 舌边音 发音方法描述: 元音前读清晰[?],舌端抵上齿龈,气流从舌的一侧或两侧泄出;辅音前或词末发含糊[?],舌端也抵上齿龈,但是与清晰音相比,舌前部低,舌后部高,发音略长。 例词: Late like long low close All sell pull little kettle 例句: Lily likes wearing long hair. Sue is a bright little girl. 第九节 鼻音、舌边音对比 n-----l net---let know---low need---lead nine---line night---light snow---slow n----- ? sin---sing than---thank son---song thin---thing tin---ting win---wing n-----m now---mow noon---moon son---some ton---Tom thin---theme tine---time 第十节 半元音 发音方法描述: 舌后部向软腭抬起,舌位高,口形收圆并稍向前突出,发音短促,一经发出,立刻向后面的元音滑动,起辅音的作用。 例词: We week want where whether 例句: The weather is getting warm. Would you like to tell me the way to the railway station? 发音方法描述: 舌前部尽量向硬腭抬 起,双唇平展,口微 开,舌面和硬腭稍有摩擦,该半元音一经发出,立刻向后面的元音滑动,起辅音的作用。 例词: Yes you young yak year 例句: 略 第十一节 半元音与其它音对比 w-----v wise---vise went---vent wire---via worse---verse wane---vain wine---vine w----- ?:/? water---alter waltz---ought wolf---off wall---all water---order want---on j---- d? yet---jet yam---jam yoke---joke young---jump yes---jets yard---jar j---i/i: year---ear yeast---east yearn---in yet---it Yale---ill yes---is 读音规则 元音字母a, e, i, o, u在重读音节中的一般读音规则 ??? a?? e? ??? i ????? o??? ? ?u 重读开音节:[ ei ]? [ i: ]???[ ai ]?? [ ?u ]?? ?[ju:] [u:] 重读闭音节:[ ? ]?? ?[ e ]??? ?[ i ]?? ? [ ? ]??[ ? ] [ u ] 注意:除了符合读音规则的词以外,还有一些词是例外的,需要逐个记忆。 重读开音节:一个辅音加e结尾的单词, 元音字母a ,e ,i ,o ,u 经常发长音 如: cake theme bike close consume 重读闭音节:元音字母a ,e ,i ,o ,u 经常发短音 如: have bed sit love bus 常见字母组合在单词中的读音:是由两个字母搭配而成的一种固定组合 1. 两个辅音字母在一起,通常只发其中一个辅音字母的音。 两个相同或不同的辅音字母在一起时,只发其中一个辅音字母的音。 如:wright know sign bomb 如:letter copper class ladder 另外:两个辅音字母在一起时,两个辅音字母也可都发音。 如:itself soft accept almost 2. 两个元音字母在一起,通常只发其中一个元音字母的基本音。 两个元音字母在一起时,发第一或第二个元音字母的基本音。 如:boat people soul sea 如:great believe height 3. 字母c在e, i, y前边读[ s ],其他读作[ k ]。 如:cell centre city cinema cycle cynic 其他:cat cake call 4. 字母g在e ,i ,y前边读[ d? ],其他读作[ g ]。 如:age agent giant gin gym technology 其他:good get 5. s后的清辅音[ k ] [ p ] [ t ] 要浊化为[ g ] [ b ] [ d ]音。 如:sky skill stop student space sport 6. 字母组合ai一般发[ ei ] [ e ] [ i ]音。 如:[ ei ] straight [ e ] said [ i ] Britain mountain 7. 字母组合er发长音[ ?: ]和短音[ ? ]两种情况: 在重读音节中er一般发长音[ ?:] 在弱读音节中一般发短音[ ? ] 如:[ ?:] person??prefer??thermos [ ? ] father? teacher letter 8. 字母组合ea发[ i? ] [ i : ][ e ]音。 如: [ i? ] real really idea [ i: ] tea beat heat [ e ] bread head spread 9. 字母组合or发[ ?: ]和[ ?: ]两种音。 如:[ ?: ] horse nor corn [ ?: ] worse worst work world [ ? ] forget tutor 10. 字母组合ou常发??[ au ] [ ? ] 如: [ au ] loud count house ??? [ ? ] double trouble country enough ????在ght前发[ ?: ] fought thought bought ?? 少数情况发[ u ] could would should ??特例:[ au ] south 和??[ ? ]southern 11. 字母组合tion有两种发音[t?n ], [??n ] 如: [ t?n ] question [ ??n ] situation nation invitation 12. 有些单词中某些字母不发音 如:hour climb build grandpa Christmas know listen 失音规则:某一个或者几个音脱落,把单词短语和句子快速连缀成串。 单词间的失音有四种类型: 1. 前一词以“持续音+[t] [d]结尾,后一词以辅音开头,则其中[t] [d]失音有: [st]+辅音 [ft]+辅音 [xt]+辅音 [ld]+辅音 [zd]+辅音 [td]+辅音 [wt]+辅音 [md]+辅音 [nd]+辅音 [nt]+辅音 [lt]+辅音 [vd]+辅音 如: last class next day bend back settled there refused both 2. 前一词以破音/擦音+ [t] [d]结束,后一词以辅音开头,则其中[t] [d]失音。 [pt]+辅音 [tft]+辅音 [kt]+辅音(如完结于skt则脱k而不是t) [bd]+辅音 [gd]+辅音 [dvd]+辅音 [vd]+辅音 如:kept quiet swept valley rubbed gently 注:后一词如始于h则[t][d]很少脱落如:kept her waiting 3. 动词否定结尾的缩写形式 n't 中的[t]失音,无论后一词以元音还是辅音开头。 如:You mustn't lose it. Doesn't she know? He wouldn't overeat. 4. 前一词以[t] 结束,后一词以[t] 或[d]开头,则前面的[t]往往失音。 如:I've got to go. What do you want? 不完全爆破 实质上也存在不发音现象: 如果前面单词结尾和后面单词开头是两个或者同一个破擦音( [p] [b] [t] [d] [k] [g]) 则前一音保留口型和发音时间却并不发音。但是听者能感到这个音的存在。如: cut down step down slab glass stick to jump pass get cracking break down think back take care let go get back step by step 派生词重音与词根一致 如: like act possible ↓ ↓ ↓ dislike active impossible 前缀: a-, ab-, ac-, ad-, al-, de-, dis-, em-, en-, in-, mis-, pre-, re-, trans-, un- 重音一般在第二个音节 如:aback decide indeed unable 带后缀-ary, -ery, -ory, -ize, -ism, -ist, -ment, -mony的词重音一般在第一个音节 如:additory acidize acrimony 带后缀-aim,-ain,-cur,-duce,-eem,-ere,-firm,-gn,-lt, -oin,-oke,-ose, -pt, -rce,-self,-ume 的词重音一般在第二个音节 如:herself abduce confirm 带后缀-ade, -ain, -ee,-eer,-esque,-ete,-ine,-ique,-oon的词重音一般在最后一个音节 如:abrade antique aeromarine 带后缀-eous, -ian, -ic,-ics,-ious,-ish,-it,-liar,-sion,-tal,-tion的词重音一般在倒数第二个音节 如:familiar condition abolish 有些复合词, 重音在第一个音节上 如:anyone breakfast daybreak 多音节词一般重读倒数第三音节 如:capacity opportunity possibility 词性变化时, 重读音节会变化 名词、形容词一般在第一个音节上重读。动词一般在第二个音节上重读 如:(n.) contrast desert object produce (v.) contrast desert object produce 特殊读音   1)音的连读:前面的词以元辅音结尾,后面的单词以元音开头,这样结尾的辅音要和开头的元音连读。 not at all,half an hour,I love you and all、after all。   2)失去爆破:辅音爆破音或摩擦音后面跟的是爆破音、破擦音和摩擦等,前面的辅音要失去爆破。 good girl,good student,good job,expression,school,extreme。   3)音的同化:两个特殊的音碰到一起,会发出变异成特殊的音。 Would you do it? I am glad to meet you、Can't you see it? last year,this year。 PAGE

  • ID:4-5335434 【精品】万圣节英语课件

    初中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    Halloween! How can we spend our time on Halloween? The answers would be different. The origin of Halloween originn n.由来 Halloween Halloween is a holiday celebrated on October 31 in the USA, Canada, England, Ireland, Scotland, Mexico, Latin America, and Spain. Halloween dates back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in). The Celtic peoples lived over 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom, and Northern France. 在2000多年前的爱尔兰地区及法国北部,住着一群凯尔特人,而万圣节就是起源于古塞尔特人的一个叫做Samhain的节庆 。 For the Celtic peoples, the New Year was celebrated on November 1st of every year. This date marked the end of Summer and the beginning of Winter. For the Celtic peoples, the New Year was celebrated on November 1st of every year. This date marked the end of Summer and the beginning of Winter. This time of year was often associated with human death. 凯尔特人选在每年11月1日庆祝新年,正值夏天结束,冬天刚开始的时节多半让人联想到黑暗的死亡。 The Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred as the dead searched for the afterlife. Thus, on the night of October 31st, they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to Earth to cause mischief and trouble. 凯尔特人相信在新年的前一晚,阴间和阳间的大门不再门禁森严,此时阴间的鬼魂会趁机跑出来,为阳间的人们带来厄运。所以,在十月三十一日晚上,凯尔特人会庆祝Samhain这个节日,以趋魔避邪。 ? To commemorate the event, people built huge sacred bonfires where animals and crops were sacrificed to the Gods for protection, and to help scare ghosts away. The Celts also wore costumes to disguise themselves, in an attempt to confuse the spirits roaming the Earth. 凯尔特人借着神圣的营火,燃烧献祭的动物和尸体,以赶走可怕的鬼魂并祈求神的保护。同时,凯尔特人也会假扮成鬼的样子,企图混淆跑到阳间的鬼魂 。 万圣节的象征物 Jack-o’-lantern Jake -O-Lantern Carved pumpkins are traditionally known as “Jack-o-lanterns.” Traditionally, the jack-o-lantern was carved from a turnip, potato, or beet and lit with a burning candle. These lanterns represented the souls of departed loved ones and were placed in windows or set on porches to welcome the deceased. They also served as protection from evil spirits freed from the dead on Halloween night. In North America, turnips, potatoes, and beets were not as readily available, so the pumpkin was used and found to be a suitable replacement. 众人皆知的杰克南瓜灯是刻在南瓜上,但人们一开始是在萝卜,马铃薯或甜菜上刻灯笼,然后挖空并点燃蜡烛在里面,形成灯笼。这些灯笼代表着过世的亲友,并被放置在窗边或门廊上,以欢迎他们回来。他们也被视为可趋魔避邪的象征。在北美洲,萝卜,马铃薯和甜菜很罕见,因此常见的南瓜就成了非常适合的代替品。 Jack-o-lanterns People have been making Jack-o-lanterns on Halloween for centuries. The practice originated from an Irish myth about a man known as “Stingy Jack.” Stingy Jack one day invited the Devil to have a drink with him. Not wanting to pay for the drink, he tricked the Devil into turning himself into a coin, and then put the Devil into his pocket next to a cross that prevented the Devil from changing back into his original form. Jack freed the Devil after the Devil promised not to bother Jack or, should he die, claim his soul. 万圣节刻杰克南瓜灯的习俗已经有几世纪的历史了。为什么要取名为杰克呢?在爱尔兰人的传说中有个有名的小气杰克。有一天小气杰克请魔鬼喝酒,喝完后,小气杰克却小气地不想付钱,所以他就骗魔鬼,要魔鬼把自己变成一枚硬币,魔鬼变成硬币后,小气杰克迅速地把硬币放在口袋里,和十字架放在一起,以防魔鬼变回原形。之后,魔鬼对小气杰克发誓,他绝对不会对小气杰克报仇,也保证杰克死了也不会让他下地狱。这时,小气杰克才让魔鬼变回原形。 ? Eventually, when Jack did die, God would not take him into Heaven, and the Devil, who had promised not to claim Jack’s soul, could not take him into Hell. Thus, the Devil sent Jack’s spirit into the night with only a burning candle to light his way. Jack put the candle into a carved turnip and has been roaming the Earth ever since. The Irish began to refer to this ghostly figure as “Jack of the Lantern,” and then simply as “Jack-o-lantern.” 到小气杰克死掉后,上帝不允许他进入天堂,而魔鬼曾答应过他不会让他下地狱,所以杰克死后哪都去不了。因此,魔鬼就让他的灵魂漂泊在黑夜里,只留给他一根燃烧的蜡烛来指引他.从此以后,杰克就把蜡烛放在挖空刻好的萝卜里,并且一直留在人间吓人。爱尔兰人一开始称之为杰克的南瓜灯笼( Jack of the Lantern),后来简称为杰克南瓜灯( Jack-o-lantern)。 ? Symbols of Halloween Modern day Halloween celebrations use many symbols to help make the holiday more interesting Some of these include………… 现代人用许多东西来庆祝万圣节,让这个节日变得更有趣。你知道 是哪些东西吗? ? 蝙蝠是其中一项,因为蝙蝠只住在坟墓,洞穴和废弃的教堂或建筑物中,又因为蝙蝠常令人联想到女巫或吸血鬼,因此他们被视为邪恶的象征。在传说中,女巫和吸血鬼可以化身成蝙蝠,又因为吸血蝙蝠是唯一一种饮血维生的哺乳类动物,因此蝙蝠常让人联想到死亡或邪恶的仪式。 ? BATS Because bats only fly at night and live in tombs, caves, and abandoned churches and buildings, they are believed to be omens of evil. They are commonly associated with witches and vampires. It is superstition that witches and vampires can take the form of a bat. Since the vampire bat is the only mammal that feeds on blood, they are often linked to death and occult rituals. WITCHES 女巫因为会算命又会下好咒语和坏咒语,人们相信女巫们的能力在10月31日这天会最强,所以让很多人很害怕她们。几世纪以来,女巫的形象改变许多,以前人们认为,女巫都是绿皮肤,长的很老,脸上布满皱纹。现在则很多人认为女巫的能力可以是邪恶或具有智慧的。 Witches were thought to be tellers of fortune and to cast spells, both good and bad. This frightened many because it was believed that these powers were the strongest on Halloween night. The image of a witch has changed greatly over the centuries. Once thought to be old, wrinkled, green skinned hags, many people associate witchcraft to either evil or as being wise.   Broomsticks 女巫和扫把形影不离已有几世纪之久,通常女巫会骑着扫把在夜晚飞行,而她们的同伴黑猫会坐在扫把的另一端陪着她们飞行.会什么女巫会和扫把形影不离呢?因为在万圣节那天,通常会下着雨,而女巫们需要用扫把扫掉地上的大水坑,或地上的积水以便行走。 Witches and broomsticks go hand in hand. They have been associated for centuries. Often, witches are depicted riding them across the night sky with a black cat on one end. It is believed that because Halloween occurred during the rainy season, women used their broomsticks to vault over large puddles and to sweep water out of their paths while walking. Thus, the two became associated.   OWLS Superstitions suggest that owls ate the souls of the dying by swooping to Earth. Owls screeches and their glassy stare are an omen of death and disaster. The owl is rarely seen during the day and is associated with night behaviors. 传说中,猫头鹰会从天空俯冲下来吃掉人的灵魂。猫头鹰的叫声和眼神让人联想到死亡和灾难。再者,猫头鹰很少在白天出现,也都让人不得不认为他们是属于黑暗和恐怖。 ? ? BLACK CATS Cats, for centuries, have been considered to be spiritual animals that have the ability to sense good and bad spirits. Western superstitions detail that black cats are able to represent spirits or incarnated humans, thereby linking them to witchcraft. Black is also the color most commonly associated with evil. 从几世纪前,人们就认为猫是一种有灵性的动物,它们能感应到好或坏的灵魂。西方的传说里,有一种说法,黑猫是灵魂的化身。此外,黑色也是邪恶象征。 ? Ghosts & Skeletons Ghosts are universal symbols for the departed. Skeletons and bones are symbols of death and shortness of life. Since Halloween’s origins lie as the festival of the dead, it seems only fitting that ghosts and skeletons would be used. 鬼魂是公认的死亡象征﹔骷髅象征死亡和短暂的生命。既然万圣节一开始就是一个鬼节,当然鬼魂和骷髅就理所当然成了万圣节必见的东西。 ? Spiders & Webs While many cultures feel that the spider and web represent the weaving of life, in reference to Halloween, they represent dark, spooky places and haunted houses long forgotten. 很多文化都视蜘蛛和蜘蛛网为编织生命的象征,但在万圣节,他们却象征着黑暗,恐怖的地方或长久被遗忘的鬼屋。 Other Symbols Other symbols related to Halloween include the colors black and orange, scarecrows, the moon, vampires, werewolves, and the wearing of masks. 其它还包括了黑色和橘色,乌鸦,月亮,吸血鬼,狼人和面具。 哪些具体方式来过圣诞节呢? care bare dare scare v.使惊吓;恐吓;吓走 Q1: When is Halloween? Q2:What clothes do children wear? Fill in the blanks: They wear scary clothes. They_____ ( , ) the people. scare scary sweets 万圣节象征物 万圣夜的主题是鬼怪、吓人,以及与死亡、魔法、怪物有关的事物。通常与万圣夜扯上关系的事物有鬼魂、食尸鬼、巫婆、蝙蝠、黑猫、猫头鹰、精灵、僵尸、骷髅和恶魔等,还有虚构人物如吸血鬼和科学怪人。 Let’s play two small games! 游戏 1 —— 是 非 地 带:Yes or No 游戏规则:一条红线分开两个区域,分别在两侧写上“Yes”与 “No”,学生自主选择,正确的加分。 游戏 2——抢凳子 游戏规则: 每次无留个学生,五个凳子,根据主持人的口号,喊停时往凳子上座,没做到的淘汰,直至最后一个凳子。 2 试着查找更多有关万圣节的趣味信息,并与同学分享 Homework: 1 试着用英语告诉爸爸妈妈你心中的万圣节。 Good-bye kids!

    进入下载页面

    免费资料