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  • ID:4-5913396 初中英语简单句和并列句 课件(38张PPT)

    初中英语/素材专区/其他资料

    简单句的六种基本结构 主语+不及物动词 主语+系动词+表语 主语+及物动词+宾语 主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 There be +主语句型 例如 This knife cuts well. She seems quite satisfied. Have you fixed my watch yet? He owed me 50 yuan. Xiao Li is helping me mend my bicycle. There stands an old tower in the east of the town. 翻译下列句子 高考前同学们常常学习到深夜. 我等你等了很久了. 玻璃很容易碎. 她听了这消息好象很平静. 他太累了,刚躺下就睡着了. 这家工厂没周生产一千辆小汽车. 请你把那本书递给我好吗? 我去找个人来帮你修理电脑. 我们感到我们的心在激烈的跳动. 有很多中国学生在国外留学. Keys Students often work deep into night before the entrance exam. I have been waiting for you for a long time. Glass breaks easily. She appeared quite calm at the news. He was so tired that he fell asleep the moment he went to bed. Keys This factory produces 1 ,000 cars a week. Will you please pass me the book? I’ll get someone to repair the computer. We could feel our hearts beating fast. There are many Chinese students studying abroad. 简单句的种类 根据使用目的, 句子可分为: 陈述句 疑问句 祁使句 感叹句 陈述句 要特别注意陈述句的否定结构 1.否定转移:主句谓语动词是think, expect, believe, suppose, guess, imagine 等表“认为, 猜想” 的动词时, 宾语从句的否定习惯上前移到主句谓语上. eg. I don’t think I know you. She doesn’t believe you are wrong. 注意: hope 不在此列. 误: I don’t hope it will rain. 正: I hope it won’t rain. not…until 的句型 非强调句型: I don’t know his name until yesterday. 强调句型: It was not until yesterday that I knew his name. 倒装句: Not until yesterday did I know his name. 有时对状语的否定也移到谓语上. 翻译: 我今天觉得不舒服. 误: I’m feeling not well today. 正: I’m not feeling well today. 2. 含有否定意义的副词 句中含有never, seldom, hardly, scarcely, rarely, barely 时, 应视为否定句. I could hardly see anything. He rarely comes to see me. 有些句子在结构上属于肯定式, 但含有否定意义的词 None of us has been to Beijing.(否定的主语) I saw nothing in the darkness.(否定的宾语) He begged the teacher not to punish him.(否定的宾补) We could find her nowhere.(否定的状语) 3. 部分否定 all, both,either, every, everybody, everyday, everywhere, always与not 连用时, 表示部分否定. 表示全部否定要用no, neither, none, nobody, nothing, never , nowhere 等词. 肯定: All the ants go out for food. 部分否定:Not all the ants go out for food.或: All the ants don’t go out for food. 全部否定:None of the ants go out for food.或:Not any of the ants go out for food. 4. 双重否定 without与 not, no one, nobody, never, can not等否定词连用,意为‘ 无(没有) …不’ , ‘每…必’. No one can see the film without being moved to tears.人们看了这部电影无不为之感动得流泪. They never meet without quarrelling.他们每次见面必要吵架. 其他双重否定结构 He is not unfit for his job.他不是不称职. There is noboby here who is not a League member.这里人人都是团员. One can’t learn a foreign language unless he studies hard.除非用功, 否则学不好外语. He couldn’t help laughing.他禁不住大笑起来. 5. 强调肯定意义的否定结构 这些结构有cannot …too (over, enough, more) You cannot be too careful.或You cannot be over careful. You cannot be careful enough. We cannot praise him too much. ---How are you today? --- Couldn’t be better. I couldn’t agree with you more. 6.具有否定意义的肯定结构 He is too young to go to school. The problem is far from being settled. It is the last thing I want to do. Such a problem is beyond (above) me. I failed to understand the meaning of the sentence. It has been two months since I smoked. 疑问句 一般疑问句 特殊疑问句 选择疑问句 反意疑问句 特殊的反意疑问句结构 1. One can’t be too sure, can one/he? 2. Tom seldom goes to the cinema, does he ? 3. The man is unfit for his job, isn’t he ? 4. Everyone knows me, doesn’t he /don’t they ? 5. No one was hurt in the accident, were they ? 6. I don’t think he can speak Japanese, can he ? 7. You don’t believe she will come, do you ? 8. What you need is more practice, isn’t it? 9. You needn’t do that when your mother is here, need you ? 10. He is a doctor but his wife is a teacher, isn’t she ? 11. Please open the window, will/would you ? 12. Let’s go for a walk, shall we ? 13. Let us know if you can go with us, will you ? 14. Let me have another try, will you ? 15. Let me help you, may I ? 16. I wish to go home , may I ? 17. Your father must be a doctor, isn’t he ? 18. You must go home right now, needn’t you ? 19. You mustn’t smoke here, must you ? 20. You must have met her yesterday, didn’t you ? 21. You must have seen the film many times, haven’t you ? 陈述部分用SO 开头, 附加部分采用“同向”疑问. So you are getting married , are you? So you don’t like my cooking, don’t you? 口语对话中, 当某人的话表示讥讽或怀疑时, 往往简略重复对方的话后再加上简短问句. ①--- Tom told me he saw a bear last night. --- He did, did he? ②--- You mustn’t listen to his story. --- Oh, I mustn’t , mustn’t I ? 祁使句 含主语的祁使句 You get out! Everybody stand up! 条件祁使句 Use your head, and (then) you’ll find a way. →If you use your head, you’ll find a way. Try again, or you’ll fail. →If you don’t try again, you’ll fail. 或You’ll fail unless you try again. 并列句 表示增补关系的并列连词: and, both…and, neither…nor, not…nor, not only …but also, as well as 等. 表选择关系的并列连词:or, or else, otherwise, either…or, whether…or. 表转折关系: but, while 表因果关系: for, so 有些副词如besides, moreover, therefore, however, nevertheless, consequently , furthermore等也可以起到并列连词的作用. while 也可表示转折, 但与but 不同的是, 主要强调上下文的一种对比关系. They were surprised that a child should work out the problem while they themselves couldn’t. when 作为并列连词意为“这时”, 位于第一分句后, 此时不能用while或 as 代替. I was just about to lie down to rest when I saw a snake in the grass. 并列连词不能与从属连词混合使用 误: Although he was sick, but he went on working. 正: Although he was sick, he went on working. He was sick, but he went on working. He was sick, and yet he went on working. Although he was sick, yet he went on working. 1.He had plenty of money _____he spent it freely. 2._________did he speak English more correctly, _______he spoke more eaily. 总结1:表示递进或顺承关系,常用的并列连词有:and, not only...but also...。 and Not only but also 3.______you are right,_____ I am (right). 4.Do you want to leave now____would you rather set off later? 总结2:表示选择关系常用的并列连词:or,either...or...。 Either or or 5.Jane said she was ill,______I saw her in the street just now. 6.The situation looked desperate_______ they didn't give up hope. 总结3:表示转折关系常用的并列连词:but,yet。 yet but 7.Jane likes apples, _______Lucy likes oranges. 8.He likes pop music, ______I am fond of folk music. 总结4:表示对比关系,常用的并列连词有:while。 while while 9.It must have rained last night,_____it is wet all over. 10.The shops were closed,______I didn't get any milk. 总结5:表示因果关系,常用的并列连词有:so,for。 for so 11.We were having a meeting______someone broke in. 12.We were about to set off _____it suddenly began to rain. 13.I had just finished my homework______Tom came to see me. when when when 总结6:when也可作并列连词,常用于下列句式: (1)sb was doing sth when... (2)sb was about to do/going to do/on the point of doing sth when... (3)sb had just done sth when....。

  • ID:4-4661266 初中英语样稿(此资料不可以直接使用,仅作样稿参考)

    初中英语/素材专区/其他资料

    ================================================ 压缩包内容: Module 7 Unit 1 Have you ever been to an English corner 同步练习.pdf Module 7 Unit 1 Have you ever been to an English corner.pdf Unit1 表格式教案.pdf

    • 授课课件
    • 2018-07-09
    • 下载10次
    • 2651.04KB
    • Elaine0316
  • ID:4-2477773 趣味英语一站式解决过去分词分词 课件(共85张PPT)

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    趣味英语一站式解决过去分词分词 课件(共85张ppt):85张PPT① 在动词原形后加-ed work—worked ② 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,变y为i加-ed carry—carried study—studied ③ 以e结尾的动词直接加-d live—lived ④ 以重读闭音节且末尾只有一个辅音字母的词,双写该辅音字母再加-ed stop—stopped plan—planned ================================================ 压缩包内容: 趣味英语一站式解决过去分词分词 课件(共85张ppt).ppt

    • 授课课件
    • 2016-10-15
    • 下载38次
    • 3532.37KB
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  • ID:4-1962202 开音节闭音节中元音字母的发音规律

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    开音节闭音节中元音字母的发音规律 共41张PPT,无音频视频,训练很到位,可以借鉴

    • 授课课件
    • 2015-09-24
    • 下载36次
    • 1312.09KB
    • scofield_gao
  • ID:4-1798090 国际音标课件

    初中英语/素材专区/其他资料

    这是一个包含30张幻灯片的课件,15个flsh视频和word版的非常实用的教授音标的一个整合资料。特别适合初学者,word中有音标的中文谐音。课件中有单词的例子,进行强化音标的发音。值得大家下载!

    • 授课课件
    • 2015-04-05
    • 下载111次
    • 7181.09KB
    • spring1381
  • ID:4-1238146 每日名谚

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    英语谚语 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 英语每日名谚.ppt

    • 授课课件
    • 2013-05-10
    • 下载131次
    • 29.78KB
    • yuanlai1
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  • ID:4-976698 初中英语教学课堂活动设计

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    小学英语课堂的课前活动(warming-up)中,老师习惯通过儿歌、绕口令等丰富有趣的英语活动来吸引学生的注意力,让学生尽快进入宽松愉快的课堂氛围。初中的课堂同样需要让学生进入角色,不能每次以读课文或默写单词开始,否则会让学生产生对英语学习的疲乏感。最行之有效的是结合初中英语教学要求,进行类似新闻播报、演讲时刻、Show Time、单词接龙赛、经典英文歌曲欣赏等活动。老师要有一定的学期计划,使这些课前活动成为一个project,持之以恒,还可以留有材料,最后作为学生的成果展示。比如新闻播报,要求每节英语课都有学生按学号进行准备,播报的内容必须是最新的新闻,学生必须整合新闻材料并脱稿播报,播完可进行提问,检查听众的收听情况,新闻材料留底成稿,最后可汇编成册进行展示。 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 初中英语教学课堂活动设计.ppt

  • ID:4-759741 句子成分

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    本课件 用于八年级讲解句子成分使用,语言清晰,思路流畅,适合上课使用。 管理员:18张幻灯片,举例讲解句子成分,各个年纪、各个版本可以通用

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  • ID:4-405078 宁波09年英语教坛新秀比赛课件2

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    宁波09年英语教坛新秀比赛课件宁波09年英语教坛新秀比赛课件宁波09年英语教坛新秀比赛课件宁波09年英语教坛新秀比赛课件

    • 授课课件
    • 2011-03-24
    • 下载51次
    • 85818.41KB
    • zhxpzx2
  • ID:4-405077 宁波教坛新秀比赛课件3(A life in sports)

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    宁波教坛新秀比赛课件3宁波教坛新秀比赛课件3宁波教坛新秀比赛课件3宁波教坛新秀比赛课件3宁波教坛新秀比赛课件3

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    • 2011-03-24
    • 下载27次
    • 18744.11KB
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