欢迎您,[登陆][注册] (您的IP:100.24.122.228)

初中英语中考专区中考其它
全部(866) 课件 教案 试卷 学案 素材 视频 电子教材
不限 普通资料 精品资料 特供资料 成套资料
  • ID:4-6337542 2020届云南省英语中考备考建议(共50张PPT)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    (共50张PPT) 2020届云南省英语中考学业水平考试备考复习建议 2019年10月16日 2020年备考 《2020年云南省初中学业水平标准与考试说明》 考点、难点、热点 策略、方法和经验 一、命题指导思想 《2011年版英语课程标准》 《云南省初中学业水平标准与考试说明》 二、考试形式与试卷结构 1、英语考试形式采用闭卷、笔试形式。试卷为分离式试卷,含问卷和答卷两部分,考生只准在答卷上答题,在问卷上答题无效。考试时间为120分钟,试卷总分为120分,其中听力部分30分,笔试部分90分。 2、试卷结构:全卷分四个部分:第一部分听力(共四节,满分30分)▲第二部分英语知识运用(共二节,满分30分)▲第三部分阅读理解(共四篇文章,满分35分)▲第四部分写作(共三节,满分25分). 三、听力部分变化总结 一、第一节和第三节分值有变化 二、第四节形式上有变化 2018年 2019年 每小题2分,满分10分 每小题1.5分,共7.5分 2018年 2019年 听短文完成信息表格 听对话或独白,分别回答问题 题型训练备考复习:一、听力部分 一、听力测试主要考查学生对英语口语材料的理解能力及从口语材料中获取有效信息的能力。 1、要求学生能捕捉句中的关键信息; 2.对日常交际用语能理解和应答; 3.能根据对话内容进行推断并记录相关的信息。2018年的听力所包含的话题内容丰富,考查的情景和话题紧扣《新课程标准》和《考试说明》,并结合学生实际。 第一节 听句子选图片 本小节的句子大都比较简单,多为学生熟悉的物品、动作、标识等,主要考查学生对于基本词汇的听辨能力。本部分的考查重点主要为: 1、名词:食物、服装、天气、人物、动物、建筑物、交通工具、生活用品等 2、动词(短语):各种运动、演奏乐器等一些生活中的日常活动等。 3、标识、禁令:常见的交通标识、数字、禁令等。如No smoking.Turn left .(2015年云南省考题第二题、2018年红河州蒙自县一模第二题就是交通标示) 复习建议 1、加强学生对基础词汇的熟悉、巩固和运用。在第一轮的复习进行教材基本知识的梳理时,应加强基础词汇的复习,这对于基础较弱的学生的提高也会非常有效。 2、加强识图、辨图的能力。图片与英语词汇之间的转换。特别是一些常见的标识。如:国家或城市的标志性建筑物等。 第二节 听句子选答语 1.选项设置 (1)有的选项之间有一定的联系,容易区分。 如:6. A.Yes,he does.B. Yes,he did. C. Yes,he has .(2017年云南省) (2)三个选项之间毫不相关,不容易区分(在短时间内考虑出原文为哪个方面的内容,有一定难度)。 如:10.A. Thank you.B.No, I'm not. C. No, it isn't. (2018年云南省) 2.听力原文通常有: 1、疑问句(一般疑问句、特殊疑问句反意疑问句、选择疑问句) 2、陈述句 3、肯定或否定的祈使句 4、感叹句等 听句子选答语复习建议 1.用好《2019年云南省初中学业水平标准与考试说明》上的附录三功能意念项目表(P147) 2.对各种句型结构的应答加以分析、训练 3.应试技巧训练:教会学生在播放听力之前抓紧时间分析本节的选项设置,加以区分沉着应战。 听力第三节 听对话回答问题 第三节 听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选硕中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你将有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话听两遍。 此部分题目的设置特征: 1.话题内容结合学生的学习、生活实际 2.问题多为特殊疑问句,内容多涉及时间(频率、次数、先后)、地点、方式、原因人物、职业、价格、数字、动作、爱好等。 第三节 听对话回答问题复习建议 1.用好《2019年云南省初中学业水平标准与考试说明》上的附录四话题项且表。引导学生熟悉、掌握各种话题及其设题的特征。 2.指导学生对各种话题进行听说训练 3.培养学生在听之前的看题、抓关键信息的能力4.收集或编写不同的听力素材,设置需要加以推理、计算的问题,教学生在听的同时能及时进行推敲,准确判断。 第四节 听对话或独白回答问题复习建议 1.加强对各种话题的训练。 2.大声朗读课文听力原材料也是一种行之有效的提高听力能力做这一环节的好方法。 备考复习建议 (一)听力(30分) 1. 分块训练与综合训练相结合。 2. 重视审题习惯的培养。 3. 教学生审题,训练审题技巧: 4. 第二节,听句子选答语题,解题技巧在于教会学生在听中抓关键词,备考过程中教师要有意识培养。 如:A. Yes, he is. B. Yes, he does. C. Yes, he has. (is he) A. At school. B. On foot. C. In ten days. (how) A. Good luck! B. My pleasure. C. It doesn’t matter. (sorry) A. For a week. B. In a week. C. Once a week. (how often) 5. 听后:重视知识的巩固及拓展。 如:1)—听到“请求”。 —OK./ Of course./ Sure. / Certainly. /No problem./With pleasure... 2)— 听到“建议”。 —Good idea./That sounds good. /Sounds good./Why not?... 表达“请求”或“建议”的句型: Let’s do sth. Shall we do sth? How/What about doing sth? Why don’t you do sth? / Why not do sth?... 答语:... (复习情境交际用语可参照《2019年云南省初中学业水平标准与考试说明英语》或《新课标》的附录三 功能意念项目表。) 6.训练学生应试技巧: 1)听前: 2)听中: 3)听后: (二)单项填空(15分) 考查范围: 1)基础语法知识:(冠词)、数词、动词(情态动词、时态、被动语态、非谓语动词)、代词、介词、连词、形容词、副词、名词、简单句(特殊疑问句、一般疑问句及感叹句)、复合句【宾语从句、状语从句、(定语从句)】等 考查范围: 2)日常交际用语。 3)词语辨析:主要考查一些意思相近但用法有别的词。如: 2016年省第24题,辨析either, both, neither, none 2017年省第26题,辨析spend, take, cost, pay (考查spend time doing sth.) 2018年省第26题,辨析all, both, neither, either 2018年昆明市第29题,辨析anybody, somebody, everybody, nobody 复习阶段对常用的、易混淆的词、词组和习惯表达法进行归类复习,有助于做好这一类考点: 如:listen, hear, sound; see, watch, look, read; say, speak, tell, talk; hurry, quick, fast; like, enjoy, prefer; give, offer, provide; spend, pay, take, cost; take, bring, carry, get; how long, how far, how often, how soon, how much, how many; either, neither, both, all, none, any; look like, look the same, look for, look after, look at, look up, look over, look through; hear of, hear from...... 单项填空备考策略(分值和题型没有变) 1. 关注必考点:名词、代词、介词、连词、形容词和副词、动词及动词短语、情态动词、动词的时态、非谓语动词(to do / doing)、简单句、复合句(宾语从句)、情境交际。 2. 适当训练轮考点:感叹句、祈使句、被动语态等。 3. 考点设置越来越注重设置语境。要培养学生在语境中理解题目并解题。 4. 淡化语法,语法项目的考查略有减少,难度降低,语法复习要把握要求,切忌把简单的问题复杂化。 (语法复习范围参看新课标“附录二 语法项目表”) 5. 训练学生掌握答题技巧。 6.关注社会热点、事实新闻、情感教育 三、完形填空(15分,分值不变) 近三年的命题情况:1. 体裁与内容: 2016年省,记叙文,讲述一个父亲和儿子的故事; 2016年昆明市,记叙文,讲道理“过去不复返,把握好现在和未来”; 2017年省,记叙文,幽默故事,讲述一个画画只画在纸底部的小孩; 2017年市,记叙文,讲道理“不要带着仇恨生活”; 2018年省,记叙文,成语故事《郑人买履》, 市,科普文,说明宇航员在空间站的生活。 完型填空备考策略(分值和题型没有变) 1、教学生基本的解题步骤: 1)通读全文,掌握大意。 2)综合考虑,逐项填空。 3)复读全文,消除疏漏 2.精选练习题,比如各地的中考题(中考题的设计一般来说考虑比较周全),选择难易程度与我们近两年的试题相当的材料,通过训练、分析,对学生的提高较大。练习时选材应该注意题材的多样性。 明确考题类型: 1)选标题:全文标题 小标题 2)段首句: 3)段中句:承上启下句。 解释说明句。 4)段尾句:总结段落句。 承上启下句。 例如:2018年昆明考题 阅读理解题解题技巧: 1)先看选项。 2)带进篇章,进行判断。 3)边选择边排除。 4)遇到困难,暂时放弃。 5)最后通读全文,检查答案。 阅读理解备考建议 A.坚持每天练,做到持之以恒; B.课堂计时练和家庭作业练结合; C.及时讲评,及时帮学生解决有困难的题,总结解题技巧 (课堂计时练效果较好); D. 分块训练与综合训练相结合。 按考试题型分三块集中训练(判断正误型、选择型、还原型),便于审题方法指导及答题技巧指导。 先分块后集中训练,中后期进行中考阅读综合训练。先积累方法和技巧,后进行方法及技巧运用,提高阅读技巧。 针对学生的薄弱题型进行集中训练。不断总结解题技巧,以便熟能生巧。 五、写作部分(分值和题型不变) 第一节:词的适当形式填空 考试要求:考查英语名词、动词、形容词等词的综合应用能力。 考查内容:名词、动词、代词、形容词、副词和数词在特定语言环境中的具体运用。 第一节:词的适当形式填空 备考建议: 这一部分是考查学生对名词、动词、代词、形容词、副词和数词在特定语言环境中的具体应用。尽管题目的设计都比较简单但从学生答题情况来看不是那么理想。这表明我们的学生基础还不够扎实,词汇的综合应用能力较差。因此在复习的时候应该注意使复习有较强的针对性和实效性。 1)加强学生对词汇的记忆。 2)关注各种词在本节的考查点。 3)复习时注意词性之间的转换,对词的变化形式加以拓展。 第二节:将句子中汉语部分译成英语 考试要求: 主要考查英语短语或词组在句子中的活用能力。 考查内容: 1)动词词组 2)短语动词 3)名词词组 4)介词短语。 第二节:将句子中汉语部分译成英语 备考建议: 近几年考题中的名词词组基本上属于创新词组(即不是课本上现成的词组,而是用学过的单词组合而成的新词组),这一类词组多为“名词+名词”、“形容词+名词”的结构。因此应督促学生牢记课本上的词组、单词,学会组编词组。 Chinese chess(中国象棋)、 Country music (乡村音乐)、 Silk Road (丝绸之路)、 Food safety (食品安全) 第三节:书面表达(15分) (一)近几年中考命题特点: (1)通常采用的题型是命题作文或半命题作文。 (2)一般以记叙文为主,命题思路通常通过一件小事、一个人或一个场景来表达感情,以启发心灵感悟类的情感教育为主。总体要求是“切中命题,条理清楚,语句通顺、连贯,语言准确、得当,书写工整”。 (二)答题思路与技巧 把握题材、体裁及内容要点 理清思路,列出提纲 围绕提纲打草稿 全面仔细地检查(紧扣主题,行文逻辑,选词准确, 语法正确,习惯表达是否正确) 誊写规范,卷面清洁,字迹清秀 检查内容: 1)内容是否紧扣主题; 2)所提示的材料是否全部包括,有无遗漏,是否符合题目要求; 3)结构是否严谨、内容是否连贯完整、布局是否合理; 4)句子结构是否正确,有无病句; 5)是否有语法错误和拼写错误; 6)格式、大小写、标点符号是否正确; 7)日期、地址等表达是否有误。 写作结构: 三段式作文,更显文章层次清晰。 开头: 中间: 结尾: 书面表达备考建议 建议一: 1、平时加强基本功的训练 (短语---句子---段落---文章) 2、给学生总结一些例文中的好句子 3、不同题材的文章给学生一些通用的句子 4、同一个题目变换方式写。 建议二: 写作训练过程(解题步骤) (1)审题(话题、文体、要点、人称、时态等) (2)设计提纲(outline),养成用草稿的习惯 (3)连词成句,连句成文 (4)相互改错,相互评价,相互学习,相互 欣赏 (5)纠错、润色 建议三: (1)审题能力:明确写作目的、要传递什么信息、要说明什么问题、思想性等。 (2)组织能力:处理信息的能力、组织文章的逻辑性。 (3)修改能力:发现问题、纠正错误、提高文章档次。 (4)发挥能力:表达简洁、地道、流畅、语言形式多样、词汇丰富、有自己的见解等。 书面表达存在的主要问题 (1)首先是文章结构不严谨,多数考生没有考虑谋篇布局,没有主次; (2)盲目照搬3a;照抄试卷上的完型或阅读材料; (3)全班乃至全校统一同同一篇范文; (4)语言表达不规范,出现一些中文式的英语; (5)字迹潦草,字迹不清。句子开头不大写,标点符号不正确,主谓不一致,时态混乱。 书面表达备考具体做法 A. 建议每周练一篇。 B. 当堂练效果优于回家练。 C. 注重写作前、写作中、写作后三个环节 D. 摘抄本的使用: E. 范文的准备。 F. 审题训练,套题训练。 G. 让学生了解中考书面表达评分标准。 H. 训练一手漂亮的字; I. 帮助学生端正写作态度; J.分层要求,分层指导。 六、中考复习前列计划 英语三轮复习: 第一轮:回归教材,夯实基础知识。(预计用时8个周) 第二轮:题型突破,提高解题技巧。(预计用时3个周) 第三轮:模拟训练,提升实战水平。(预计用时1 个周) 第一轮复习 1. 教师依据考纲考点,吃透教材,读薄教材,以便熟悉考试的重、难点,提炼精华。 2. 适当整合教材。 3. 注重基本词汇、词组、句型的过关。 4. 语法复习回归教材,抓实基础。 5. 第一轮复习中坚持穿插听力、完型填空、阅读理解、及写作训练。 第二轮复习 1. 借助近几年真题来辅助训练。 如:听力训练 听句子选图 听句子选答语... 如:单项填空 2. 熟悉各题块考试的重难点 3. 引导学生发现问题,解决问题,掌握解题技巧,触类旁通。 第三轮复习 1. 精选当年各区的一、二模题和近几年云南、昆明中考真题。 2. 每次模拟考要正规,要求学生书写要规范,监考要严格,才能发现问题。(如听力审题、答题步骤、涂改、书写规范性、及知识掌握漏洞等) 3. 监考时,教师可以边监考边巡视排查问题,及时指导学生改进存在的问题。 4. 考完后评分尽量规范、及时,能激发学生的积极性,引起学生重视。模拟训练后要及时讲评,趁热打铁,能更好地提高模拟训练效果。 5. 考后教师不应只关注考分,而应该分析并关注每次考后反应出的问题及漏洞。 6. 本轮侧重差缺补漏。 7. 侧重培养学生审题、解题能力及应试技巧。 七、进入总复习前做好复习动员 1. 口头动员 2. 书面动员 3. 表决心 教育的顺序 (1)不是有了效果才坚持,而是坚持了才会有效果! (2)不是在孩子的成长过程中出现问题了,才想到解决。而是准备好了,才不会出现问题。第一次失败,就放弃的老师或家长,您放弃的不是孩子跳不跳的上凳子的问题,您放弃的是孩子通往胜利的坚持和毅力! 五名印度小孩“自拍照”疯传,他们高举的“镜头”竟是一双拖鞋…… 这张照片由印度男演员博曼伊兰尼在社交媒体上晒出,并附文写上(?) “只有当你选择要快乐时,你才会感到快乐”

  • ID:4-6337041 《阅读与书面表达》---云南省2020届英语中考攻略(共42张PPT)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    (共42张PPT) 2019年10月16日 重要性 阅读理解在学业水平考试(以下简称中考)英语试题中,分值35分,占中考英语总分29.2%,占有相当大的比例,分值较大。 高分题,中考成败起决定性左右,名副其实的“拉开档次”题 阅读教学中困惑 1.做题费时间,讲解也费时间,课时紧,不能很好顾及。 2.讲解枯燥,学生容易分心,教学效率不高。 3.大部分学生有畏惧心理,解题态度不端正。 4.阅读课变为语法课或翻译课,感觉讲课更有成就感。 5.阅读能力似乎是天养着,不是教出来的 1.中考考试要求 2.云南省试题特点 3.云南省命题趋势 4.阅读理解的考查内容及答题技巧 5.备考建议 一、中考考试要求 考什么? 阅读理解题是典型的能力考查题,重点考察语言的运用能力和阅读能力,也侧重考查学生的语言技巧,即阅读速度、理解程度及对短文进行综合判断的能力。 《英语课程标准》要求初中毕业阅读理解要达到的语言技能标准如下: 1.能根据上下文和构词法推断理解生词的含义; 2.能理解段落中各句子之间的逻辑关系; 3.能找出文章中的主题,理解故事的情节,预测故事情节的发展和可能的结局; 4.能读懂常见题材的阅读材料; 5.能根据不同的阅读目的,运用简单的阅读策略获取信息; 6.能利用词典等工具书进行阅读; 7.除教材外课外阅读量应累计达到15万词以上。 二、云南省试题特点 1.题型设置: 1) 判断正误型。一篇,5小题,7.5分。 2) 选择型。两篇,10小题,20分。 3) 七选五。一篇,5小题,7.5分。 2.材料体裁: 3.篇章长度: 二、云南省命题题型分布: 云南省题 查找细节题 推理判断题 词义理解题 主旨或标题归纳题 2016年 11 2 1 1 2017年 12 0 1 2 2018年 9 4 1 1 命题趋势 1.细节判断题多 2.知识面逐渐拓宽。 命题趋势 3.开始涉及社会热点及时事新闻。 4.阅读量逐渐增多。 5.难度系数逐年加大。 四、阅读理解的考查内容及答题技巧 1)查找事实细节 考查学生对文中具体事实和细节的理解能力。(基础题) 考查学生结合具体语境,正确理解单词、词组或句子在阅读材料中的确切含义。 考查学生通过文章的表面文字信息,进行分析、综合、归纳等逻辑推理能力。 2)猜测词语(词义辨析) 3)推理判断 3)推理判断 提问方式常有: We can infer from the passage that ______. The story suggests that ______. We can conclude from the passage that ______. The passage is probably take from a ______. According to the passage, we know that ______. 4)归纳主旨大意 考查学生在理解全文大意的基础上,总结文章的中心思想或段落大意。判断作者写作的意图、观点或态度。 4)归纳主旨大意 提问方式常有: The best title of the passage can be ______. The writer tells us ______. From the story we can see / learn / say ______. The main idea of this passage is ______. What is this passage about? 5)七选五题型(还原型) 近三年中考考情分析: 2016年省,说明文,say something good to others 市,说明文,帮助不易交到朋友的人 2017年省,记叙文,种子长大成树荫 市,说明文,环保“Meatout Day” “Earth Day” “Buy Nothing Day” 2018年省,说明文,小孩怎样赚钱的建议 市,说明文,英式英语和美式英语的区别 明确考题类型: 1)选标题:全文标题 小标题 2)段首句: 3)段中句:承上启下句。 解释说明句。 4)段尾句:总结段落句。 承上启下句。 5)“七选五” 考查学生对文章的整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑意义的理解和掌握。 特点: 该题型空白处通常设置在文章的标题、段首、段中和段尾四个位置。 考查三类句子: a.主旨概括句; b.过渡性句子; c.注释性句子。 American and British people both speak English.But sometimes there are some important differences between British English and American English. 61 First of all,they sound very different. Often, Americans don't say each word separately.They say words together. Americans may say “I dunno” instead of “I don't know”. However, the British are more careful. They usually say all the words and keep them separate. Sound is not the only difference. Words sometimes have different meanings, too. 62.For example,the vocabulary for cars and driving is very different. Americans drive trucks, but in England people drive lorries. 63.Many expressions are also different in the two countries. In England, if you are going to call your friends, you “phone them up”. In America, you “give them a call”. There are also some differences in grammar. For example, Americans usually use the helping verb “do” when they ask a question. They say “Do you have a pen?” But the British often leave out the helping verb. 64. They say "Have you a pen?” Most languages are like this. Languages change over time. When people live in separate places, the languages change in different ways. This is what has happened to English. 65.It can also happen to other languages like French. Many people in Canada speak French but their French is very different from the French of France. A.坚持每天练,做到持之以恒; B.课堂计时练和家庭作业练结合; C.及时讲评,及时帮学生解决有困难的题,总结解题技巧 (课堂计时练效果较好); D. 分块训练与综合训练相结合。 按考试题型分三块集中训练(判断正误型、选择型、还原型),便于审题方法指导及答题技巧指导。 五、阅读理解备考建议 书面表达 1.中考考试要求 2.云南省试题特点 3.常考话题 4学生书面表达中的常见问题 5.提升写作得分的三大要点 6.备考建议 一、中考考试要求 考查学生综合运用英语的能力,特别是表达和传递信息的能力。 新课标对九年级学生的写作能力的要求: 1.能根据写作要求,收集、准备素材; 2.能独立起草短文、短信等,并在教师的指导下进行修改; 3.能使用常见的连接词表示顺序和逻辑关系; 4.能简单描述人物或事件; 5.能根据所给图示或表格写出简单的段落或操作说明。 二、云南省试题特点 近五年的中考书面表达命题分析: 年份 文体 话题 命题设置 2014年 说明文 My Plan for the Coming School Year 命题作文 2015年 记叙文 Growing Up With ______ 半命题作文 2016年 记叙文 I Have Learned a Lot in Junior High School 命题作文 2017年 记叙文 A Special Day 命题作文 2018年 记叙文 Doing something nice to... 半命题作文 二、云南省试题特点 1.一般以记叙文为主。 2.常用的题型有命题作文、提示作文;有可能有半命题作文、书信、通知、日记等。 3.通常会给出一定的提示语。 二、云南省试题特点 4.写作要求明确、具体。 2018年 要求:(1.请先将题目补全后再做答); 2.语言流畅、书写规范、卷面整洁,词数不少于60个; 3.文中不得使用真实姓名、校名,否则以零分计; 4.请将短文写在答题卡上,写在本试题卷上无效。 5.写作的话题,贴近学生的学习、生活实际,注重学生的真实体验和内心世界。让学生有话可说,有情可抒。 三、常考话题 1.人物描写或人物故事 2.生活经历 3.校园生活 4.课外生活 5.计划与愿望 三、常考话题 6.健康生活 7.情感表达 8.安全问题 9.观点态度 10.环境保护 四、学生书面表达中的常见问题: 1.审题不清,文体不对。 2.要点不全,条理不清楚。 3.离题细节过多,文章冗长。 4.语法错误多 5.单词拼写错误 6.书写不规范,卷面不整洁 7.抄袭试卷阅读、完型篇章或其它部分内容。 8.盲目照搬背过的范文,不会变通。 五、提升写作得分的五大要点: 要点一:认真按照写作步骤做: 1. 审题: 2.列提纲。 3.打草稿 4.认真誊写。 五、提升写作得分的要点: 要点二:三段式作文,更显文章层次清晰。 开头: 中间: 结尾: 六、备考策略: A. 建议每周练一篇。 B. 当堂练效果优于回家练。 C. 注重写作前、写作中、写作后三个环节 D.抓好话题复习,在话题复习中积累写作素材。 E.研究中考命题趋势,训练并准备几篇拿手的范文,做到熟练默写。 如:2018年云南中考 Doing Something Nice to My Friend A true friend reaches for your hand and touches your heart! Jerry is my good friend. He's very thin. Last winter, he got ill. He had to go to hospital once a week. He took lots of medicine. I hope he would be as strong as me. So every weekend, I asked him to practise playing basketball with me. I told him how to play it. Now he is much stronger and healthier. I felt very happy to have done something nice to my friend. 如:2017年云南中考 A Special Day I had a very special day when I was a primary school student. On that day, I went for a picnic with my friends. When we were about to leave after picnic, a farmer stopped us and said it's not good to leave so much later here. You should clean it. We were ashamed and did it at once. From then on, the farmer’s words remind me that I should protect the environment. I will never forget such a special day that makes me grow up. F. 训练一手漂亮的字。 六、备考策略: 六、备考策略: 六、备考策略: G. 让学生了解中考书面表达评分标准。 中考书面表达评分标准 一档(12—15分)内容切题、层次清楚、语言流畅、基本无语言表达错误。 二档(8—11分)内容切题、层次比较清楚、语言比较流畅、语言表达错误较少。 三档(5—7分)内容基本切题、层次不够分明、语言表达错误较多。 四档(1—4分)有一定内容,但语法错误较多。 (注意书面表达语法错误全卷扣分不得超过2分;单词拼写错误全卷扣分不得超过2分;抄袭卷中阅读材料的,抄袭部分不给分。) 六、备考策略:

  • ID:4-6282957 [精] 【精选专题课件】中考英语专题十六 现在进行时的知识点、考点与高频考题专题精讲(超全精编版)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    (共49张PPT) 【精选专题课件】中考英语专题十六 现在进行时的知识点、考点与经典高频考题专题精讲(超全精编版) 本节课程在本学科中的地位 该专题主要是对现在进行时的知识点及其考点所进行的专项讲解,属于中考英语专题复习的知识体系,旨在掌握现在进行时的正确使用方法,了解并掌握现在进行时的定义、构成与应用,其内容涵盖全面,为备战中考英语之首选。 课程介绍 本节课程的意义及作用 1、学习了解现在进行时的考查重点。 2、了解现在进行时和定义,构成及应用,学会区别现在进行时与一般进行时。 3、通过练习掌握现在进行时在具体语言环境的使用及特殊用法。 教学目标 考点详解 真题再现 跟踪训练 模拟检测 课堂小结 讲解知识脉络 01 现在进行时的定义 02 现在进行时的构成 03 现在进行时的应用 04 现在进行时与一般现在时的区别 05 现在进行时的特殊用法 考点详解 现在进行时 现在进行时主要用于表示目前正在进行的动作,有时也可表示现阶段在进行的动作。 考点详解 考点详解 考点详解 We are waiting for you. Mr. Green is writing another novel.(说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。) She is learning piano under Mr. Smith. 国外 现状 I’m leaving for a trek in Nepal next week.(已经安排了) We’re flying to Paris tomorrow.(票已经拿到了) 考点详解 (4)描述图片中的人物的动作,也为了表达更生动。此时也常用现在进行时。 Look at the picture. The children are flying kites in the park. 看这幅图,那些孩子正在公园放风筝。 在实际运用时,现在进行时常用以下几种情况: (1)当句子中有now时,常表示动作正在进行,这时要用现在进行时。 They are playing basketball now. 现在他们正在打篮球。 (2)以look,listen开头的句子,提示我们动作正进行,这时要用现在进行时。 Listen! She is singing an English song. 听,她正在唱英语歌。 (3)表示当前一段时间或现阶段正在进行的动作,且此时有this week,these days等 时间状语,这时常用现在进行时。 We are making model planes these days. 这些天我们在做飞机模型。 考点详解 1.强调目前正在进行的动作 I’m reading a story now. 我在看一个故事。(目前正在干的事情) 2.强调现阶段一直在进行的动作。 What are you doing these days? 这几天你在干什么? They are learning English in the summer holiday. 他们暑假在学英语。 1.强调经常性或习惯性的动作 I read stories in my spare time. 我有空时看故事。(经常性的行为) 2.只表动作的重复,而不表示动作的持续。 They read English every day. 他们每天读英语。 They play volleyball every Sunday. 他们每周星期天都打排球。 考点详解 3.表示短促动作的动词(如 jump, knock, beat, pick, skip等)的进行时,表示动作的重复。 The girls are jumping over there. 女孩子们在那边跳。 His heart is beating fast. 他的心脏跳得很快。 4.某些表示希望或想法的动词(如hope, wonder, want等)的进行时可以表示委婉客气。 I’m wondering whether you can help us now. 我不知道你现在能否给我们帮一个忙。 I’m hoping that you will succeed. 我正在希望你成功呢。 考点详解 四类动词不用进行时(不用现在进行时和过去进行时) 考点详解 现在进行时可用来表示不会长期发生的动作或情况, 或被认为在短期内正在进行的动作或存在的状况。 —What’s your daughter doing these days? 你女儿现在在干什么? —She’s studying English at Durham University. 她在达勒姆大学学习英语。 1. 现在进行时表暂时 考点详解 现在进行时也用来表示当前的动向: People are becoming less tolerant of smoking these days. 如今人们对吸烟较为难以忍受了。 这种情况不一定在说话时发生: Don’t take that ladder away. Your father’s using it . 别把梯子拿走,你父亲在用呢。(即不一定现在在用。) She’s at her best when she’s making big decisions. 当做出最大决定时,她处于最佳状态。 暂时发生的事情也可以是在说话时正在进行着: The river is flowing very fast after last night’s rain. 昨夜下过雨后,河水流速很快。 考点详解 意为:意图、打算、安排、常用于人。 常用词为come, go, start, arrive, leave, stay等。 I’m leaving tomorrow. Are you staying here till next week? 2. 现在进行时表将来 考点详解 若问be用何形式,须看主语数、人称。 有时now在句中现,"be+v-ing"时态成。 look, listen是标志,现在进行正发生; he/she is, I am,we, you, they后are紧跟。 v-ing形式更好记,三种构成要分清。 一般问句be提前,be后加not否定成! 现在进行时巧记口诀 考点详解 考点详解 真题再现 跟踪训练 模拟检测 课堂小结 跟踪训练 1. —What’s your mother doing? —She ______________ (cook). 2. ______________ they ______________ (shop) in the supermarket? 3. Lucy’s father and mother often ______________ (take) a walk after super. 4. Look! He ______________ (play) basketball. 5. Listen! Who ______________ (sing) in the next room? is cooking Are shopping take is playing is singing 跟踪训练 6. My father usually ______________ (watch) TV at night. 7. Please be quiet. My grandma ______________ (sleep). 8. It’s ______________ (sun) today in Shanghai. 9. —How is it ______________ (go), Tom? —Not bad. Thank you. 10. Look at the boy. He ______________ (study). 11. Sounds like you ______________ (have) a good time now. watches is sleeping sunny going is studying are having 跟踪训练 考点详解 真题再现 跟踪训练 模拟检测 课堂小结 真题再现 1. —I can’t find Jimmy. Where is he? —He ______________ in the garden at the moment. c 【解析】句意:——我不能找到吉姆,他在哪儿?——此刻他在花园里工作。根据at the moment可知用现在进行时态;故选C。 works will work A B is working C 真题再现 2.More and more foreign students begin to learn Chinese, and many of them ______________ Chinese better and better now. D 【解析】句意:越来越多的外国学生开始学习汉语,现在他们中的许多人汉语越说越好 了。考查动词时态辨析题。now现在,多用于现在进行时,即be+现在分词结构。many of them是复数人称,系词需用are,根据句意语境,可知选D。 are spoken spoke A B are speaking D has spoken C 真题再现 3.Please don’t make so much noise. The baby ______________ now. D 【解析】考查现在进行时的用法。句意:请不要发出那么多噪音。那个婴儿现在正在睡 觉。根据时间状语now可知此处用现在进行时is sleeping,故选D。 sleeps slept A B is sleeping D will sleep C 真题再现 4. —Hurry up! We ______________ for you at the gate. —I’m sorry. I’m coming soon. D 【解析】考查现在进行时的用法。句意:——赶快!我们在门口等你。——对不起,我很快就 来。A. wait一般现在时态形式;B. will wait一般将来时态形式;C. have been waited现在完成时态的被动语态形式;D. are waiting现在进行时态形式。催促赶快,因为正在外面等,句子用现在进行时态。故选D。 wait will wait A B are waiting D have been waited C 真题再现 5.The winter holiday is coming, so the twins as well as Alex ______________ to Sanya for vacation. C 【解析】考查现在进行时的用法。句意:寒假要来了,因此双胞胎和Alex要去三亚度假。A. go非第三人称单数的一般现在时态;B. goes第三人称单数的一般现在时态;C. are going现在进行时态;D. is going现在进行时态。描述寒假将要发生的动作,可以用现在进行时态表示将来,A、B错,句子的主语the twins是复数,谓语也要用复数形式。故选C。 go goes A B is going D are going C 真题再现 6.Everyone wants to reach the top of the mountain, but all the happiness happens while you _________ it. C 【解析】考查现在进行时的用法。句意:每个人想要达到山顶,但是所有的快乐发生在爬山的过程中。while引导的时间状语从句用现在进行时,故选C。 climb climbed A B have climbed D are climbed C 真题再现 7.—Where are you going, Bob? —To go hiking. Eric ______________ for me at the school gate! D 【解析】考查现在进行时的用法。句意:——鲍勃,你要去哪里?——去徒步旅行。埃里克正在校门口等着我。根据Where are you going, Bob?可知他要出发了,因此埃里克正在等着他,因此用现在进行时is waiting,故选D。 was waiting waits A B is waiting D waited C 真题再现 8.—Today’s young people can’t live without smart phones. —They keep their hands on the phones wherever they go, even while they ________ meals. B 【解析】考查现在进行时的用法。句意:—今天的年轻人没有智能手机无法生活。—他们无论走到哪里,甚至吃饭时,手里都拿着手机。While后跟句子,所以这里缺少的是谓语动词,在吃饭的时候正在做某事应该用现在进行时。故选B。 have are having A B will have D were having C 真题再现 9.Alice, please turn down the music, I _______ an important phone now. D 【解析】考查现在进行时的用法。句意:爱丽丝,请把音乐关小点,我在接一个重要的电话。根据now可知该用现在进行时,所以选D。 answer answered A B am answering D have answered C 真题再现 10. —May I speak to Mrs. Black? — Sorry, mum can’t come to the phone now. She _______ a shower. C 【解析】考查现在进行时的用法。句意:——我可以和Mrs. Black通电话吗?——她不能来接电话因为她正在洗澡。这里表示说话的是某人正在做某事,所以应该现在进行时,故选C。 has had A B was having D is having C 真题再现 考点详解 真题再现 跟踪训练 模拟检测 课堂小结 模拟检测 1.Listen! Someone _________ at the door. Please go and answer it. B 【解析】句意:听!有人在敲门。请去看一看。像Listen,look,now等表示现在时间,要用现在进行时态,现在进行时的构成:be doing;根据Listen!可知现在的时间,要用现在进行时态,结合句意和语境可知选B。 knocks is knocking A B was knocking D has knocked C 模拟检测 2.No noise, please. Your brother ________ his homework in the next room. B 【解析】句意:请不要大声喧哗。你哥哥正在隔壁房间里写作业。结合语境可知本句描述的是现在正在进行的动作,故用现在进行时态。故选B。 does is doing A B has done D did C 模拟检测 3.There are a group of people over there. What do you think _______ ? D 【解析】句意:在那边有一群人,你认为发生什么了?根据前文There are a group of people over there.可知,这里是在问正在发生什么,这里用现在进行时,其结构是be doing的形式。故选D。 to happen is happened A B is happening D will happen C 模拟检测 4. —What’s John doing right now? —He _______ soccer. He ______ soccer every Saturday. C 【解析】句意:——John现在正在做什么?——他正在踢足球,他每周六都踢足球。根据语境第一个空用现在进行时,其结构是be doing sth.,主语是单数,谓语动词用is;根据时间状语every Saturday可知第二个空用用一般现在时态,主语是第三人称单数,谓语动词要变第三人称单数,故选C。 is playing; is playing plays; plays A B plays; is playing D is playing; plays C 模拟检测 5. Look, so many people _______ games in the park! They look very happy! C 【解析】句意:看,那么多的人们在公园里做运动。他们显得非常开心。根据句意,人们在公园里做运动的动作现在能够被看到,说明是现在正在进行的动作。表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,句子用现在进行时态,现在进行时态由am/is/are+现在分词所构成。本题中people是复数名词,be动词用are,动词play直接加-ing。故选C。 was having play is piaying A B are playing D 模拟检测 6.—Where is Grace? —She with her brother _________ playing basketball at school. B 【解析】句意:——格雷斯在哪里?——她正在和她哥哥在学校练习打篮球。be后跟现在分词,构成现在进行时态,此句的主语为she,with her brother作状语,be用is, 故答案为B。 is practice is practicing A B are practice D are practicing C 模拟检测 7. Jack will go to Australia for further study tomorrow, so he _______ his luggage at present. B 【解析】句意:明天杰克将去澳大利亚深造,因此他正在包装行李。at present现在,用在现在进行时~态的句子中,A.has packed 现在完成时态;B.is packing 现在进行时态;C.packs一般现在时态;D.wilO pack一般将来时态。故答案为B。 has packed is packing A B will pack D packs C 模拟检测 8.Bob _________ with his post in his office at the moment. C 【解析】句意:现在鲍勃在他的办公室里处理他的邮件。At the moment表示"现在,此刻",句子描述的是现在在办公室处理邮件,表示现在正在发生的动作,句子用现在进行时态。故选C。 deals dealt A B has dealt D is dealing C 模拟检测 9. —Sorry, but I have something important to talk to your mother. Is she in right now? —Yes. Come in, please. She ______ some cleaning in the kitchen. A 【解析】句意:—对不起,但是我有一些重要的事情要和你的母亲交谈?她现在在家吗?—是的,请进,她正在厨房里打扫卫生。根据语境可知用现在进行时,其结构是be doing的形式,主语是第三人称单数,这里用is。故选A。 is doing does A B was doing D did C 模拟检测 10. —It’s quite noisy in the classroom. —So it is. All the students _______ happily because of the coming party. B 【解析】句意:教室里太吵了。确实是这样。所有的学生因为即将到来的聚会而正在大声说笑。此题是描述的一个场景,教室里很吵,是因为所有的学生正在大声说笑,故用现在进行时。故选B。 talk and laugh are talking and laughing A B were talking and laughing D talked and laughed C 模拟检测 11. The teacher said,"Jerry, I hope you ________ more careful next time." A 【解析】句意:老师说:"Jerry,我希望你下次更认真些。"根据next time可知此处用一般将来时will+动词原形。故选A。 will be are A B would be D were C 模拟检测 12.Britain ______ to leave European Union last year. David Cameron, former Prime Minister _______ since then. B 【解析】句意:英国去年决定退出欧盟。英国前首相戴维卡梅伦( David Cameron )从此退休。考查动词时态辨析题。last year去年,用于一般过去时,可排除CD两项。since then从那时起,用于现在完成时,可排除A项。根据句意语境,可知选B。 decided; retired decided; has been retired A B has decided; has retired D has decided; retired C 模拟检测 13.The list _______ 19 trillion data _______ over nine years from 390 cities across 48 countries. C 【解析】句意:这份名单是基于48个国家的390个城市9年收集的19万亿数据。based on以……为基础,是非谓语动词形式;be based on以……为基础,是谓语动词形式;collected收集,过去分词;collecting现在分词。根据句子结构可知,第一个空是该句的谓语动词,应带be动词形式,排除A和B;第二个空是作后置定语,修饰前面的名词data,数据,他们之间构成被动关系,应用过去分词形式。故选C。 based on; collected based on; collecting A B is based on; collecting D is based on; collected C 模拟检测 课堂小结 1. 现在进行时表暂时。 2. 现在进行时表将来 课堂小结 谢谢 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源网站 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 欢迎加入21世纪教育网教师合作团队!!月薪过万不是梦!! 详情请看: https://www.21cnjy.com/help/help_extract.php

    进入下载页面

    需要精品点:3个

  • ID:4-6281824 [精] 【精选专题课件】中考英语专题十三 一般现在时的构成与用法知识点、考点及经典高频考题精讲(超全精编版)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    (共39张PPT) 【精选专题课件】中考英语专题十三 一般现在时的构成与用法的知识点、考点与经典高频考题专题精讲(超全精编版) 本节课程在本学科中的地位 该专题主要是对一般现在时的构成与用法的知识点及其考点所进行的专项讲解讲解,属于中考英语专题复习的知识体系,其课程的特色在于知识点清晰,考点明确,例题解析到位和课后巩固训练针对性强,内容涵盖全面,为备战中考英语之首选。 课程介绍 本节课程的意义及作用 通过学习本专题知识点的讲解及经典例题讲解,再通过典型考题夯实基础,意在让学生掌握一般现在时的规律,常见题型以及应对之策,并做到灵活运用,以便提高综合运用能力,增强学习的信心。 教学目标 考向分析 02 一般现在时的用法 一般现在时的构成 跟踪训练 真题再现 讲解知识脉络 第一部分 一般现在时用法 表示经常性、习惯性的动作或存在的状态,常与频度副词连用。 eg: I often take a walk in the park. 我经常在公园散步。 These T-shirts are new. 这些T恤衫是新的。 用法一: 经典例题: —Your bedroom is so clean. —Of course. It _________ every day. 【解析】考查被动语态。句意:——你的卧室真干净。——当然,它每天都被打扫。根据every day句子应该用一般现在时,句子的主语it与谓语动词clean之间是被动关系,故选C。 C 第一部分 一般现在时用法 用法二: 表示客观事实、真理。 eg:The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 太阳东升西落。 经典例题: Before the sun _________, we need to get to the top of the mountain. set sets is setting will set 【解析】句意:太阳落山之前,我们需要到达山顶。Before 引导的 时间状语从句不能用将来时态,用一般现在时态来代替,主语the sun单三,谓语动词用单数形式;故选B。 B 第一部分 一般现在时用法 用法三: 在时间、条件状语从句中表示将来的动作。 eg: If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, I will go bike riding in the open air. 如果明天不下雨,我将在户外骑自行车。 经典例题: I'll tell her the good news when she comes back. 当她回来的时候,我将把这个好消息告诉她。 —Do you think if Robert will go to the zoo tomorrow? —I think he will go if he _________ too much homework. D. doesn't has 【解析】句意:——你觉得罗伯特明天会去动物园吗?——如果他没有太多的功课,我想他会去的。主句“he will go”用了将来时态,“he___ too much homework”为if引导的条件状语从句,根据 “主将从现”规律,该处应用一般现在表将来,故选 C。 C 第一部分 一般现在时用法 用法四: 表示按计划或安排将要发生的动作,可用一般现在时表将来。但只限于start,begin,leave,go,come,arrive,return,take place等。 eg:I will call you as soon as he arrives here. 他一到这儿我就给你打电话。 经典例题: D As is known to all, the train_________at six tomorrow morning. A B C D is to leave will leaves leave leaves 【解析】句意:大家都知道,这班车会在明天早上六点启程。由”As is known to all”可判断,火车出发是按照(以往)计划进行的,且句子的谓语leave属于用一般现在表将来的动词范畴,故选D。 第一部分 一般现在时用法 第二部分 一般现在时的构成 直接加-s,如:read→reads love→loves 将y变为i,再加-es,如:carry→carries study→studies 如:have→has be→am/is/are 概要 当主语为第一、二人称单复数和第三人称复数时,谓语动词保持不变;当主语为第三人称单数时,则可根据以下四种情况确定动词形式: 加-es,如:pass→passes box→boxes teach→teaches wash→washes 第二部分 一般现在时的构成 经典例题: 用所给词的正确形式填空: 1. They often_________(play) in the playground. 2. She_______(get) up at six o' clock. 3. Jack sometimes ______ (go) to the park with his sister. 4.Not noly Tom but also his father __________(study) English well. 【解析】1.由时间副词often确定本句用一般现在时,又因为主语they为第二人称复数,故填play; 2.一般情况下,六点起床为习惯性动作,句中无其他时间副词限制且主语she为第三人称单数,故填gets; 3.由时间副词sometimes可知本题考核一般现在时的使用,又因Jack为第三人称单数,谓语动词go以o结尾,故填goes; 4.not only…but also提示用就近原则判断出该句主语为Tom's father,为第三人称单数,且study以辅音字母d+y结尾,所以填studies play gets goes studies 第二部分 一般现在时的构成 第三部分 跟踪训练 ______ you ______ (brush) your teeth every morning? What _______(do) she usually_______(do) after school? 用所给词的正确形式填空: 01 【解析】1.句意:你每天都刷牙么?由于句中的谓语为实意动词brush,而非Be动词(am/is/are/was/were),用于一般疑问句时需借助助动词do/does/did,且因主语为第二人称单数you,所以选do,又因“助动词+动词原形”,所以填brush原形。 2.句意:她放学后通常会做什么?特殊疑问句中助动词的选择原理同上,故选does,填do. Do brush does do 第三部分 跟踪训练 用所给词的正确形式填空: 03 _________ they __________ (like) the World Cup? At eight, she __________ (watch) TV with his parents. _______ Mike_________(read) English every day? 【解析】句意:1.他们喜欢世界杯吗?第三人称复数 they提示助动词选用do; 2.她和父母在晚上八点钟看电视。谓语动词watch以ch结尾,且置于第三人称单数主语she后,故填watches; 3.麦克每天都读书么?第三人称单数主语Mike提示 助动词选用does。 Do like watches Does read 第三部分 跟踪训练 用所给词的正确形式填空: 06 How many lessons _______ your classmates _______ (have) on Monday? What time __________ his father __________ (do) the housework? She __________ (have) blues eyes. 【解析】句意:1.你同学周一早上要上几节课?第三 人称复数classmates提示,助动词应选do; 2.他父亲何时做家务?第三人称单数father要求助动 词用does; 3.她拥有蓝色的眼睛。第三人称单数she作主语, 谓语应用has。 do have does has do 第三部分 跟踪训练 用所给词的正确形式填空: 09 The boy __________ (like) playing football. We __________ (have) no classes on Sundays. She __________ (write) to her mother once a week. 【解析】1.句意:那男孩儿喜欢踢足球。like以e结尾且位于第三人称单数the boy后,故填likes; 2.我们周末不用上课。have位于第一人称复数后,保持原形不变; 3.她每周给母亲写一封信。 likes have writes 第三部分 跟踪训练 12 用所给词的正确形式填空: It __________ (rain) quite often during the month of July every year. Mike usually _______ (ride) a bike with his friends in the park. Wang Ping and Mary often __________ (play) badminton together. 【解析】1.句意:每年的前六个月多雨天。时间副词often提示该句为一般现在时时态,又因It为第三人称单数,故填rains; 2.麦克经常和小伙伴在公园内骑单车。同理,填rides; 3.王鹏和玛利亚常一起打羽毛球。尽管Wang Ping和Mary均为第三人称单数名词,但当其中间用and连接起来时,该句主语便变成了第三人称复数,故谓语动词保持不变。 rains rides play 第三部分 跟踪训练 用所给词的正确形式填空: 15 Many people often _______(listen) to the radio in the morning. —________ (do)she _________ (like) playing the violin? —Yes, she __________ (do). We ______________ (not watch) TV on Monday. 【解析】1.句意:许多人喜欢早上听广播。people为 集体名词,是复数,故谓语填listen; 2.——她喜欢拉小提琴么? ——是的,没错。 第三人称 单数主语she提示助动词用does。 3.周一我们是不看电视的。第一人称复数主语要求助动词 选do,故填don't watch/do not watch. listen Does does like don't watch 第三部分 跟踪训练 用所给词的正确形式填空: 18 Sandy usually __________ (play) the piano on Sundays. The cat __________ (like) eating fish every much. She and I __________ (take) a walk together every evening. 【解析】句意: 1.Sandy常在周末弹钢琴。 2.猫非常喜欢吃老鼠。 3.我和她每晚都会一起散散步。“she and I”为复数主语,谓语动词保持原形不变。 plays likes take 第三部分 跟踪训练 选词填空: read goes has lives works watches gets My aunt is a nurse. She likes music very much. She 1. _________ in a big hospital. Every day she 2. _________ up at 6:30. She 3. _________ breakfast at 7:00. After breakfast she 4. _________ to work by bus. She usually goes home at 5:30. After dinner, she often 5. _________ TV and 6. _________ books. At 10:30, she goes to bed. goes gets has works watches reads 第三部分 跟踪训练 第四部分 真题再现 —The weather report says that it _________ tomorrow in most parts of Anshun city. —If it _________, the school sports meet will be canceled. B c D will rain; will rain will rain; rains rains; will rain rains; rains 【解析】句意:——天气预报说明天安顺大部分地区会下雨。——如果下雨,学校体育运动将会取消。第一个句子为宾语从句,根据tomorrow判断,从句的时态为一般将来时,首先排除C,D;第二个句子中,if引导的是条件状语从句,遵循”主将从现”的原则,因为主句是一般将来时,因此if引导的从句用一般现在时,故答案为B。 B 第四部分 真题再现 Gary is the best singer in my class. No one else _______ so well. sings sang will sing is singing 【解析】句意:加里是我班最好的歌手。没有人唱得这么好。 考查动词时态辨析题。根据Gary is the best singer in my class.可知该句为 一般现在时,No one else单数第三人称,动词需用三单形式,故选A。 A 第四部分 真题再现 —Your bedroom is so clean. —Of course. It _________ every day. 【解析】考查被动语态。句意:——你的卧室真干净。——当然,它每天都被打扫。根据every day句子应该用一般现在时,句子的主语it与谓语动词clean之间是被动关系,故选C。 cleans cleaned is cleaned was cleaned C 第四部分 真题再现 I don’t know when he _________ back. Please tell me when he _________ back. D. comes; would come 【解析】考查从句的动词时态。句意:我不知道他将什么时间 回来。当他回来了请告诉我。第一句中when he ______ back是宾语从句,主句用一般现在时,所以从句根据需要应该用一般将来时;第二句是时间状 语从句,根据主从句的动作都未发生,所以从句用一般现在时 表示将来。故选C。 C 第四部分 真题再现 第五部分 模拟检测 —Mum, can I go to watch the movie Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 tomorrow? —Sure, if your homework __________. 【解析】句意:——妈妈,明天我可以去看电影《银河守护者》第2部吗?——当然,如果你的作业被完成了。这里是if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时态,这里主要是your homework,用被动语态,其结构是be done的形式。主语是单数,这用is。根据题意,故选B。 B 第五部分 模拟检测 The population in China ________ quite large. And it is reported that about one sixth of the population ________ old people. 【解析】句意:中国的人口是非常多的,而且据报道大约六分之一的人口是老人。第一个句子的主语是The population of China,谓语动词应用单数;在跟分数或者百分数连用的时候谓语动词用复数,故选C。 C B c D is; is are; are is; are are; is 第五部分 模拟检测 If Peter __________, please ask him to leave a __________. come; notice comes; message come; sentence comes; information 【解析】句意:如果彼得来,请让他留下口信。notice通知;message消息,是可数名词;sentence句子,是可数名词;information消息,是不可数名词。第一空主语Peter是第三人称单数,故谓语用第三人称单数,故用comes。排除AC两项。第二空有不定冠词a修饰,故用可数名词单数形式,leave a message留下口信,故选B。 B 第五部分 模拟检测 The documentary Under the Dome (《苍穹之下》) which __________ by Chai Jing showed us that the air pollution in China was very serious. produces produced is produced was produced 【解析】句意:柴静出品的纪录片《苍穹之下》向我们展示了中国的空气污染是非常严重的。produces生产,出品,第三人称单数形式;produced是过去式或者过去分词形式;is produced是一般现在时的被动语态;was produced是一般过去时的被动语态。句中which引导的是一个定语从句,从句中应使用被动语态,根据句中…was very serious可知,这里应用一般过去时态,故选D。 D 第五部分 模拟检测 Smoking __________ in the forest. It may cause a fire. D. allows 【解析】句意:在森林里不被允许吸烟。可能引起火灾。根据句意可知,含有被动的含义,本句是被动句,其结构:be+动词的过去分词,否定句在be后加not。故选A。 A 第五部分 模拟检测 More than six million guests _____________ Shanghai Disneyland Park since last June. 【解析】句意:自去年六月以来,已有六百万多名游客参观了 上海迪斯尼乐园。Since+表示过去的时间点从句或短语,意思是" 从 ……以来",该句子应使用现在完成时态。结合句意和语境可知 选D。 D 第五部分 模拟检测 Listen! Someone __________ at the door. Please go and answer it. 【解析】句意:听!有人在敲门。请去看一看。像Listen,look,now等表示现在时间,要用现在进行时态,现在进行时的构成: be+doing;根据Listen!可知现在的时间,要用现在进行时态,结合句意和语境可知选B。 B B c D knocks is knocking has knocked was knocking 第五部分 模拟检测 To solve the traffic problem, more and more bridges ________ across the river every year in Chongqing. were built will build are built are building 【解析】句意:为了解决交通问题,重庆每年都要在河上修建越来越多的桥梁。主语more and more bridges与build之间是被动的关系,根据时间状语every year判断,时态为一般现在时态, 故答案为C。 C 第五部分 模拟检测 1.一般现在时表示通常性、规律性、习惯性、真理性的动作或状态,或者动作有时间规律发生的事件的一种时间状态; 判断句子为一般现在时后,应根据主语的人称以及单复数情况确定谓语动词的数。 01 02 课堂小结 谢谢 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源网站 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 欢迎加入21世纪教育网教师合作团队!!月薪过万不是梦!! 详情请看: https://www.21cnjy.com/help/help_extract.php

    进入下载页面

    需要精品点:3个

  • ID:4-6279498 江苏省扬州中考课外阅读复习课件+教案+学案(共29张PPT)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    中考课外阅读复习 课外阅读复习课教案 界首镇初级中学 问慧芳 Learning aims: 1. To revise the content of the books according to three aspects : make friends, to be wise and brave, to be kind and generous. 2. To improve reading skills by doing some exercises. 3. To develop an optimistic and positive attitude Teaching steps: Step 1 Lead-in What teenage problems do you have when you grow up? How do we feel and how to solve these problems Step 2 Make more friends Robinson Crusoe Answer a question Choose the correct answer The Secret Garden Think about the changes of Mary and Colin Fill in the blanks The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Choose the correct answer Friendship can go beyond everything Step 3 To be wise and brave Look at the two pictures of characters and think about The Hound of Baskervilles Refresh your memory, choose the correct answers. Challenge yourself and complete a Cloze Treasure Island Practice oral task according to the writer, plot of this book No matter what will happen, don’t forget to be wise and brave. Step4 To be generous and kind A Christmas Carol Ask and answer Fill in the blanks according to the given letter The Merchant of Venice Write the names and personalities of them in the picture Put the sentences into correct order Treat people with sincerity! Be generous and kind! Step5 Summary As a middle student, when we …., we should … Step6 Post task After reading these books, which hero influenced you most? Why ? Step7 Conclusion What do we learn from this lesson? Whenever and wherever you have difficulties, your attitude determines your altitude. (共29张PPT) Jieshou Middle School Wen Huifang 中考课外阅读复习专题 Learning aims: To revise the content of the books according to three aspects : make friends, to be wise and brave, to be kind and generous. To improve reading skills by doing some exercises. To develop an optimistic and positive attitude When you grow up, what teenage problems will you have? Parents Friends Ourselves too busy to have time to accompany no close friends to talk to homework, exam, school violence… Bored Helpless Lonely Frightened How to solve these problem? Stressed Reading some books may help you If you look the right way, you can see the whole world is a garden. 如果你看向正确的方向,你就会发现整个世界都是一个花园。 ——The Secret Garden Afraid of the risk of psychological risk than their more frightening! 害怕危险的心理比危险的本身更可怕! ——The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe You only know the answer: Exploration of travel one hundred and ten thousand km, is a big number, one can see, can say that nothing is too strange. ?你只有探索才知道答案:十一万公里的行程,是个大场面,一路所见,可以说无奇不有。 ——20000Leagues Under the sea How to solve these problems? make more friends be wise and brave be generous and kind Be a man full of love When we feel lonely, who can help you? When we face difficulties, how should we be? How should we treat the people around us and make them our true friend? Friends Friendship can change your life ! Why did Robinson call the prisoner “Friday”? He found him on Friday . Task 1. 1.After Robinson got to know Friday, he began to realize _________________. A. he could not trust Friday B. Friday was not very bright C. Friday was pleased to wear the clothes D. Friday was loyal and sincere to him 2. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Robinson killed one wild man with the butt end of his gun. B. One wild man was frightened to death by Robinson’s looks. C. They took the two bodies to the forests and buried them. D. Robinson shot one wild man and the other was killed by Friday. Task2.Challenge yourself Colin Mary Dickon happy Change He had a ________ face _______ dark hair Big ______ eyes Looked _______ white Long ill grey (p36) Fill in the blanks What happened to Colin? ( p51…) Looks: Characteristics: h________b________ Looked _d_______. His face was r____, not white. ifferent ed opeful, bright The power of friendship Colin Who teaches Huck the true meaning of friendship? A. Jim B. Tom Sawyer C. The duke D. Widow Douglas The fact that Jim is black and a slave is no longer important and they become good friends. Jim helps Huck and Huck helps Jim in return. Friendship can go beyond everything Wise Brave Sherlock Holmes Jim Hawkins Refresh your memory 1.The footprints of a ______ are on Sir Charles’s body. A. man B. hound C. woman 2. Sir _________ is the last of the Baskervilles. A. Henry B. Hugo C. Charles 3. Stapleton kills Sir Charles by ________ A.frightening him with the hound B.shooting him with his gun C.getting the hound to lead him into the mire √ √ √ Challenge yourself Sir Charles Baskerville is found 1 with a scared look on his face. The footprints (脚印) of a hound (猎犬) are nearby. People believe the giant dog did the killing. And it seems the dog is looking for its next 2 . That is what Doctor James Mortimer is 3 . Sir Henry Baskerville, the new 4 of Baskerville Hall is arriving from America to inherit (继承) Sir Charles’ fortune. Scared and 5 what to do, Mortimer turns to the famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, and his equally 6 partner, Dr. Watson. The Hound of the Baskervilles, by Arthur Conan Doyle, scares you with its story about a ghost dog. People think the dog is 7 every member of the Baskerville family. It all started many years earlier. Hugo Baskerville was a bad man who kidnapped a young woman. But when he tried to 8 her from running away, a giant dog killed him. Now Sir Charles, also from the Baskerville family, has died 9 . People are worried that the killer ghost dog has 10 . Sir Henry Baskerville is said to be the last member of the family alive. He receives a scary note, telling him to leave town 11 it’s too late. Doctor Watson finds there are many more suspects than just the ghost dog. But of course it is the bright Holmes who 12 the mystery. Watson tells the story in the book. Sometimes, some of the words he uses are difficult to understand. But the 13 and suspense (悬念) he builds still make the book very funny and 14 . Finally, it turns out that the dog is a trained big dog 15 a ghost dog. Holmes discovers the murderer at last. 1. A. lonely B. mad C. safe D. dead 2. A. victim B. murderer C. survivor D. suspect 3. A. proud of B. worried about C. angry with D. satisfied with 4. A. doctor B. master C. servant D. detective 5. A. unwilling B. uncertain C. hopeful D. confident 6. A. famous B. rich C. patient D. strong 7. A. killing B. arresting C. eating D. carrying 8.A.finish B. start C. stop D. avoid 9. A. secretly B. mysteriously C. patiently D. repeatedly 10. A. passed B. replied C. returned D. paid 11. A. if B. since C. before D. so 12. A. puts out B. acts out C. takes out D. works out 13. A. danger B. horror C. mystery D. secret 14. A. scary B. boring C. relaxing D. pleasant 15. A. in face of B. in need of C.because of D. instead of √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ stop sb from doing work out the mystery scared & scary Writer Plot How does this book influence you? 要点: 1. 我喜欢看罗伯特?路易斯?史蒂文森的书,我认为它们真的太精彩了。比如,《金银岛》讲述的是一个小男孩的故事——他出海航行,寻找宝藏。他的故事给了我很大的信心。 2. 读完这本书后,我不再像以前那样害羞。将来,我还想去旅游,拥有一些令人兴奋的经历。 I enjoy reading the books of Robert Louis Stevenson because I find them really exciting. For example, Treasure Island tells the story of a young boy. He sails the sea to look for hidden treasure. His story gives me a lot of confidence. After reading the book, I am not as shy as I used to be. I also want to travel and have exciting experiences in the future. No matter what will happen, don’t forget to be wise and brave. How should we treat people around us ? What was Scrooge like at first? What did he think? Did he like Christmas? He was mean, and thought money is above everything else What happened at last? Did Scrooge change? The ghosts of p_______, p_______, and f______ visit Scrooge and help him see how his behaviour has impacted on his l______. Scrooge realizes how i_________ to be good to others and what C________ means. He finally becomes a g _________ man with great h________. Christmas Carol rethinks the relationship among people, convincing readers that human beings should be k_______ to each other. past present future life important Christmas generous heart kind Antonio Generous How much do you know about this book? Shylock Antonio Duke Judge (Portia) Basaanio A contrast of one pound of flesh helpful generous cruel Portia disguised as a man judge. Nobody recognized her. Nerissa Ending Put the following sentences into correct order. Bassanio, Graziano,and Antonio went to Belmont. Portia and Nerissa had got back before them and asked them why they no longer had the rings. She showed them that she had the rings and told what happened. Bassanio told them what happened, but Portia pretended that she didn’t believe him. The news about Antonio’s ships was wrong, and he was a rich man again. Everyone except Shylock was happy. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Treat people with sincerity ! Be generous and kind ! How to solve these problems? make more friends be wise and brave be generous and kind Be a man full of love Summary Summary As a middle school student, we should be … friendly generous helpful wise brave Help friends sincerely. Have mercy on Enemies. ...... Post task After reading these 8 books, which character influenced you most? Why? 读书破万卷,下笔如有神。 Break rolls of reading, writing if there is God 积累知识 胜过积蓄金银 Wisdom is better than gold or silver. 读书总会有所收获(开卷有益) There are always advantages in opening a book. What do we learn from this lesson?中考课外阅读复习 课外阅读复习课学案 Jieshou Middle School Wen Huifang Learning aims: 1. To revise the content of the books according the three aspects : make friends, to be wise and brave, to be kind and generous. 2. To improve reading skills by doing some exercises. 3. To develop an optimistic and positive attitude Step 1 Lead-in What teenage problems do you have when you grow up? Parents__________________________________ Friends__________________________________ Ourselves: _______________________________ How to solve these problems? When we feel lonely, who can help you? _____________ When we face difficulties, how should we be? ____________ How should we treat the people around us and make them our true friend? ___________ Step 2 Robinson Crusoe & The Secret Garden & The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Robinson Crusoe Task1. Why did Robinson call the prisoner “Friday”? Task2.Challenge yourself 1.After Robinson got to know Friday, he began to realize _________________. A. he could not trust Friday B. Friday was not very bright C. Friday was pleased to wear the clothes D. Friday was loyal and sincere to him 2. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Robinson killed one wild man with the butt end of his gun. B. One wild man was frightened to death by Robinson’s looks. C. They took the two bodies to the forests and buried them. D. Robinson shot one wild man and the other was killed by Friday. The Secret Garden Fill in the blanks He had a ________ face _______ dark hair Big ______ eyes Looked _______ Looks: looked d____ His face was r____, not white Characteristics: h________b________ The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Who teaches Huck the true meaning of friendship? A. Jim B. Tom Sawyer C. The duke D. Widow Douglas Friendship can go beyond everything Step 3 The Hound of Baskervilles & Treasure Island The Hound of Baskervilles Refresh your memory, choose the correct answers. 1.The footprints of a ______ are on Sir Charles’s body. A. man B. hound C. woman 2. Sir _________ is the last of the Baskervilles. A. Henry B. Hugo C. Charles 3. Stapleton kills Sir Charles by ________ A. frightening him with the hound B. shooting him with his gun C. getting the hound to lead him into the mire Challenge yourself and do the cloze Sir Charles Baskerville is found 1 with a scared look on his face. The footprints (脚印) of a hound (猎犬) are nearby. People believe the giant dog did the killing. And it seems the dog is looking for its next 2 . That is what Doctor James Mortimer is 3 . Sir Henry Baskerville, the new 4 of Baskerville Hall is arriving from America to inherit (继承) Sir Charles’ fortune. Scared and 5 what to do, Mortimer turns to the famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, and his equally 6 partner, Dr. Watson. The Hound of the Baskervilles, by Arthur Conan Doyle, scares you with its story about a ghost dog. People think the dog is 7 every member of the Baskerville family. It all started many years earlier. Hugo Baskerville was a bad man who kidnapped a young woman. But when he tried to 8 her from running away, a giant dog killed him. Now Sir Charles, also from the Baskerville family, has died 9 . People are worried that the killer ghost dog has 10 . Sir Henry Baskerville is said to be the last member of the family alive. He receives a scary note, telling him to leave town 11 it’s too late. Doctor Watson finds there are many more suspects than just the ghost dog. But of course it is the bright Holmes who 12 the mystery. Watson tells the story in the book. Sometimes, some of the words he uses are difficult to understand. But the 13 and suspense (悬念) he builds still make the book very funny and 14 . Finally, it turns out that the dog is a trained big dog 15 a ghost dog. Holmes discovers the murderer at last. 1. A. lonely B. mad C. safe D. dead 2. A. victim B. murderer C. survivor D. suspect 3. A. proud of B. worried about C. angry with D. satisfied with 4. A. doctor B. master C. servant D. detective 5. A. unwilling B. uncertain C. hopeful D. confident 6. A. famous B. rich C. patient D. strong 7. A. killing B. arresting C. eating D. carrying 8.A.finish B. start C. stop D. avoid 9. A. secretly B. mysteriously C. patiently D. repeatedly 10. A. passed B. replied C. returned D. paid 11. A. if B. since C. before D. so 12. A. puts out B. acts out C. takes out D. works out 13. A. danger B. horror C. mystery D. secret 14. A. scary B. boring C. relaxing D. pleasant 15. A. in face of B. in need of C. because of D. instead of Treasure Island Writer Plot How does this book influence you 要点: 1. 我喜欢看罗伯特?路易斯?史蒂文森的书,我认为它们真的太精彩了。比如,《金银岛》讲述的是一个小男孩的故事——他出海航行,寻找宝藏。他的故事给了我很大的信心。 2. 读完这本书后,我不再像以前那样害羞。将来,我还想去旅游,拥有一些令人兴奋的经历。 No matter what will happen, don’t forget to be wise and brave. Step4 A Christmas Carol & The Merchant of Venice A Christmas Carol Ask and answer What was Scrooge like at first? What did he think? Did he like Christmas? He was m_______ and thought money_____________________ Fill in the blanks by the given letter The ghosts of p_______, p_______, and f______ visit Scrooge and help him see how his behaviour has impacted on his l______. Scrooge realizes how i_________ to be good to others and what C________ means. He finally becomes a g _________ man with great h________. Christmas Carol rethinks the relationship among people, convincing readers that human beings should be k_______ to each other. The Merchant of Venice A contrast of one pound of flesh Write the names and personalities of these characters Put the following sentences into correct order. Everyone except Shylock was happy. Bassanio told them what happened, but Portia pretended that she didn’t believe him. Portia and Nerissa had got back before them and asked them why they no longer had the rings. She showed them that she had the rings and told what happened. The news about Antonio’s ships was wrong, and he was a rich man again. Bassanio, Graziano,and Antonio went to Belmont Treat people with sincerity! Be generous and kind! Step5 Summary As a middle student, when we …., we should … _________________________________________________________________ Step6 Post task After reading these books, which hero influenced you most? Why ? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Step7 Conclusion What do we learn from this lesson? 共4页,第3页

  • ID:4-6048042 [精] 中考英语 任务型阅读 课件

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    (共24张PPT) 任务型阅读 中考英语 通用版 务 型 阅 读 任 目 录 01 02 审题分析 解题过程 03 反思提升 审题分析 01 题目来源 题目分析 命题依据 题目来源 哈尔滨市2018年初中升学考试英语试卷 命题依据 课外阅读量应累计达到15万词以上 能利用词典等工具书进行阅读 能根据不同的阅读目的运用简单的阅读策略获取信息 能找出文章中的主题,理解故事的情节,预测故事情节的发展和可能的结局 能理解段落中各句子之间的逻辑关系 能根据上下文和构词法推断、理解生词的含义 能读懂相应水平的常见体裁的读物 语言技能 命题依据 1 2 一个调整 命题范围略有调整,试题将以《英语课程标准》规定的内容标准为依据,具体包括:语言技能、语言知识、情感态度、学习策略和文化意识等内容,其中语言知识包括语音、词汇、语法、功能意念和话题考试范围将覆盖市区所用EEC版初中教材六年上、下册;七年级上、下册;八年级上、下册和九年级上、下册及县(市)所用版本教材的共同点内容。 四个不变 1.命题依据不变:    依据《英语课程标准》提出的五个方面的具体内容;    2.命题原则不变:    试题遵循“6个原则”:导向性原则—目标性原则—发展性原则—教育性原则—基础性原则—适切性原则;    3.试题难易程度不变:    2018年中考英语试题将体现:“稳中求变,稳中求新“的原则;    4.试题结构不变:    试题结构与2017年相同,全卷共六个大题。 题目分析 记叙 说明 人物传记 7个人情感(Feelings and moods) (24)情感(Feelings) 16文娱与体育(Recreation and sports) (55)音乐与舞蹈(Music and dance) 23历史与社会(History and society) (82)著名人物(Famous pople) 24故事与诗歌(Stories and poems) (86)作家(Writers) 题目分析 要求考生在有限的时间内快速领会文章的主旨大意,快速理解句段和理清上下文的逻辑关系。 能够理解文章作者的观点、态度和意图,同时不能忽视对语篇的整体把握和领悟。 考查考生对文中有效信息进行筛选、整合和综合概括能力。 题目分析 What abilities must we have ? What abilities must we have ? What abilities must we have ? good summarizing ability(概括总结能力 ) 03 good analyzing ability (逻辑分析能力) 02 good observation ability (观察力) 01 02 解题过程 过程 方法 解题过程 解题过程 明确阅读任务 读全文 了解大意 再次阅读 逐题突破 通读全文 仔细检查 true, celebration, breathe, correct, go on, twentieth, excite, decide Mark was a clever pupil. After he celebrated his eighth birthday, his teacher announced a school spelling competition. He wanted to win the first prize. In order to get good luck before the competition, Mark made a decision to go to the barber’s(理发店). The barber Jimmy was friendly young man. He asked Mark, “Do you have confidence in the competition?" “Maybe.” Mark answered. "Can you spell the word ‘confidence’? The barber went on asking Mark. "C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-C-E. Confidence.” Mark answered. “Oh, you’re great! A lot of people spell the word wrong, but you can spell it correctly ,” the barber said, “Remember that confidence is a winner’s secret weapon(武器).” “A winner’s secret weapon?” Mark held his breath and stared at the barber’s face in the mirror. “Oh, I’ll remember what you said.” In the end, Mark won the competition. How excited Mark felt! 1.主语后+谓语V 2.注意时态 1.按照句意 2.make a decision to do 1.主语后+谓语V 2.注意时态 3.go on doing 用来修饰动词 1.形容词性物主代词+n. 2.hold one’s breath How + adj.+主语+谓语V! true, celebration, breathe, correct, go on, twentieth, excite, decide Twenty years later, Mark founded his own company and made a lot of money. Once a reporter asked him. “How did you become so successful? Mark answered. “To tell the truth, confidence is my secret weapon.” 基数词+n. 1.按照句意 2.tell the truth Country music is very popular in America. It is a traditional kind of music from the southern states of America. At first, people played country music only at family parties. When people in the countryside moved to towns and cities to look for jobs, they took their music with them. With country music continuing to change, it became popular throughout America. John Denver was one of the most famous country singers in America 50 years ago. His song Take Me Home, Country Roods is well-known and people still play it today. Pop music is another kind of musical style. Pop music can make people feel happy and comfortable. Pop music has been popular since the 1950s. In China, Jay Chou is liked by a large number of fans of all ages. He sang many songs about the world we live in. One of them is Dao Xiang, which encourages people not to give up even when life is difficult. 任务2:阅读短文(B),根据英文释义及首字母提示拼写单词。 69. traditional being part of the customs of a country or group of people. 70. continue to keep doing something without stopping. 任务3:阅读短文(B),完成同义句转换,每空一词。 He sang many songs about the world we live in. Many songs about the world we live in 71were 72 sung by him. 任务4:根据短文(B)内容回答问题。 73. What did people play only at family parties at first? Country music. At first, people played country music only at family parties. 74. Was John Denver one of the most famous country singers in America in the 19th century? No(No, he wasn’t). 75.How can pop music make people feel? Happy and comfortable. Pop music can make people feel happy and comfortable. John Denver was one of the most famous country singers in America 50 years ago. Charles Dickens(狄更新)was born in London in 1812. His family was rather poor. Two days after his 13th birthday. Dickens started working in a factory. In his life, he changed several jobs and met all kinds of people. Many of his novels were based on his past experiences. Dickens started writing novels in his early thirties and became successful almost immediately. Oliver Theist, his second novel, came out in 1838 and was very successful. It told a story of a young orphan(孤儿)in the dangerous streets of London. The story has a happy ending---the young boy finds his real parents and a lowing home. Because of this novel, great attention was paid to poor children. Over the next 25 years, Dickens wrote many other popular novels which are still read today. His books are liked by both the American and the British. Charles Dickens Two days 76 starting working in a factory Celebrating his 13th birthday His past experiences Changing 77 jobs and meeting all kinds of people Oliver Twist ---his second novel Telling a story of a young orphan in the 78 streets of London From 1938 to 1863 Many other novels were 79 by dickens. The people who like his books The people from America and 80 . 76 before 转换 77. several 抄写 78. dangerous 抄写 79. written 转换 80. Britain 转换 解题方法 1 2 3 4 词形转换巧记规律 单词释义 任务B 不放弃, 各个词性找兄弟 Doing和done一出现形容词就差不离 名词爱与人事连 动词to do跟后面 介词短语副词现 单词释义不难记 同义句转换 短语类转换 主动变被动 时态类转换 句型类转换 回答问题 根据疑问词初步判断答案的类型。 按照解题技巧进行解题,计算题,指代题,归纳题。 信息查找类 在文章中不变形 名词单复所有格 动词时态四变化 形副互换比最高 代词主宾形名反 数词基序最简单 同根转换要记牢 信息转换类 词义转换 词形转换 句意转换 信息归纳类 以问句形式出现的词以从句形式出现的词 文字概括 数字概括 03 反思提升 反思提升 01 04 02 03 重视基础知识,立足教材又不拘于教材。 培养学生自主学习能力,提高综合运用知识分析和解决问题的能力。 关注每年的中考命题趋势,加强选题的合理性、针对性。 要想取得好成绩,一定要掌握解题策略,更注重平时语言知识的积累,扩大知识面,提高阅读理解能力和语言运用能力。 Thank you for listening 2019-5-29 谢谢 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源网站 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 欢迎加入21世纪教育网教师合作团队!!月薪过万不是梦!! 详情请看: https://www.21cnjy.com/help/help_extract.php

    • 二轮复习/专题资料
    • 2019-07-19
    • 下载6次
    • 2847.24KB
    • 21jy_114960646
    进入下载页面

    需要精品点:2个

  • ID:4-6045094 新目标英语七年级考试必考四种基本时态详解及初中英语最重要的60个句型

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它


    初一英语考试必考四种基本时态详解
    1一般现在时
    一般现在时的用法
    1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频腮度的时间状语连用。时间状语:every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday。
    例如:I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早上我七点离开家。?
    2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。
    例如:The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转动。
    Shanghai lies in the east of China. 上海位于中国东部。
    3) 表示格言或警句。例如:Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。注意:此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。?
    例:Columbus proved that the earth is round. 哥伦布证实了地球是圆的。
    ?4) 现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。
    例如 I don’t want so much. 我不要那么多。Ann writes good English but does not speak well. 安英语写得不错,讲的可不行。
    练习:
    1. We often______(play) in the playgound.
    2. He _____(get) up at six o’clock.
    3. _____you ______(brush) your teeth every morning.
    What (do) ______he usually (do)______ after school
    5. Danny _____(study) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art an school.
    6. Mike sometimes ________(go) to the park with his sister.
    7. At eight at night, she __________(watch) TV with his parents.
    8. ________ Mike________(read) English every day
    9. How many lessons_________your classmate________(have) on Monday
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    人教七年级英语考试必考四种基本时态详解及60个重点句型.doc

    • 文字素材
    • 2019-07-18
    • 下载9次
    • 19.22KB
    • feng1112
  • ID:4-5982872 2019英语语法分类复习之-------词法复习试卷(含答案8份打包)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    专题一 冠词 1. (2018·广东省31.) new study says that going to bed late is harmful to our health. A. /, / B. A, / C. A, the D. The, the 2.(2018·海南中考26.)Ann is my best friend. She can play ______ piano very well. A. / B. a C. the 3. (2018?河南中考21.) —Are you going to_____ football match tonight? —I wish I could, but I’m meeting _____ VIP from Oklahoma. A. an; an B. an; a C. the; an D. the; a 4.(2018·湖南湘潭21.) I have eight-year-old sister and she is very lovely. A. a B. an C. the 5. (2018山东菏泽21.)Red is ___ color loved by most Chinese people because it is ___ symbol of good luck and joy. A. the; the B. the; a C. /; a 6.(2018?上海中考27.)Hurry up! The concert will begin in_________ minute. A.a B.an C.the D./ 7. (2018·新疆26.)—Is that _______ book? —No, it’s _______ old dictionary. A. a; the B. a; an C. an; a D. the; an 8. (2018·山东滨州21.)—Have you seen the movie Wolf Warriors II? —Yes. This is __________ educational film and it has become one of __________ most popular films in the world. A. a; / B. a; the C. an; the D. /; the 9. (2018·山东东营16.) According to _______ rule made in 2017, some kinds of dogs mustn’t be kept since May 1st, 2018 in Dongying. A. a B. an C. the D. / 10. (2018山东潍坊21.)To prepare for________ trip to LA, Betty is making_______ list of things to take along. A. the: the B. 不填:a C. the: a D. a; 不填 11. (2018·四川达州21.)—Jim is ______ careless boy. —Yeah.You are right.He always drops ______ “o” when he writes the word“dangerous”. A.a;the B.a;an C.the;a D.the;an 12. (2018·四川南充21.)Peter, honest boy, bought useful dictionary in the store yesterday. A. a; a B. an; an C. a; an D. an; a 13. (2018·重庆A21.)I had_________ egg and some milk for breakfast this morning. A. a B. an C. the D. / 14. (2018·山东青岛中考2.)We should have ______ breakfast every day to keep healthy. A. a B. an C. / D. the 15. (2018·山东临沂16.) The bed piano allows a music lover to play ______ piano while he is lying in bed. A. a B. an C. / D. the 16. (2018四川成都中考31.)—Who is__________boy playing soccer over there? —He is my classmate, Li Ping. A. a B. 不填 C. the 17. (2018·四川德阳21.)The young lady teaches the children to play guitar on weekends. A.a B.an C. the D./ 18. (2018·四川宜宾中考22.) Every morning he spends ______ hour doing exercise, then he goes to ______ work. A. an; \ B. a; a C. a; \ 19. (2018·天津21.) There is________ an old piano in__________ corner of the living room. A. an; the B. an; 不填 C. a; the D. a; a 20.(2018·重庆B卷21.)I believe that ____ apple a day keeps the doctor away. A. a B. an C. the D. / 21. (2018 ·四川凉山28.) boy in a black hat is my brother. He often plays chess with my friends. A. A; the B. The; / C. The; a D.A;/ 参考答案 1. B考查冠词的用法。句意:一项新的研究表明,睡觉太晚对健康有害。第一空填不定冠词a表示数量“一”;第二空go to bed“去睡觉”, 为固定搭配,无需用冠词。故选B。 2. C 【解析】考查冠词的用法。句意:Ann是我的好朋友,她弹钢琴弹得很好。“play the piano”是固定搭配,乐器前加定冠词the。故选C. 3. D 【解析】考查冠词的用法。句意:——你要去看今晚的足球赛吗?——我希望我能,但我要去见一位来自俄克拉荷马州的贵宾。在问句中tonight放在名词短语football match后作定语,意为“今晚的足球赛”是特指,故用定冠词the;答语中“一位来自俄克拉荷马州的贵宾”属泛指,VIP辅音因素开头,用不定冠词a,故选D。 4. B 考查冠词的用法。句意:我有一个八个月的妹妹,她很可爱。根据句意应用不定冠词表示“一”的意思;复合形容词eight-month-old的第一个音素为元音,故用an。 5. B【解析】考查冠词辨析。句意:红色是大多数中国人喜欢的颜色因为它是吉祥和快乐的象征。由后文loved by most Chinese people修饰,表示着重指出,故第一空用定冠词the;表示“是...的象征”,在这里表示泛指,故用不定冠词a,故选B。 6. A【解析】考查冠词的用法。句意:快点!音乐会马上就要开始了。这里是短语in a minute(立即,马上)的固定搭配。 7. B 考查冠词的用法。句中的单数名词book与dictionary都表泛指,前面应用不定冠词修饰;book以辅音音素开头,前面应用不定冠词a;old以元音音素开头,前面应用不定冠词an。故选B。 8. C 考查冠词用法。句意:——你看过电影<<战狼II>>吗?——是的。这是一部有教育意义的电影,并且已经成为世界上最受欢迎的电影之一。前一个空表示泛指“一个”,且以元音因素开头,故用an; 后一个空表示最高级,要用定冠词the。故选C。 9. A【解析】考查冠词的用法。句意:根据在2017年制定的一条规则可知,自从2018年5月1日起,有一些类型的狗不能再被豢养。不定冠词a/an用来表示泛指“一个”,同时rule为以辅音音素开头,其前面要用不定冠词a修饰。故选A。 10. C 【解析】考查冠词用法。第一个空表示“特指”洛杉矶之旅,故用定冠词the;第二个空make a list of意为“把……列成一张表”,表示数量为“一”,用不定冠词a。故选择C。 11. A考查冠词。句意:?—吉姆是个粗心的男孩。—是的。你说得对。他写单词“dangerous”时,总是漏掉“o”。不定冠词an和a表示泛指,意为“一(个,只……)”,用在可数名词前面,a用于辅音音素单词前,an用在元音音素单词前;第一个空中心词boy的可数名词单数,careless以辅音音素开头,表泛指“一个”,第二个空的中心词“o”表特指,故选A。 12. D考查不定冠词用法。句意:彼得,一个诚实的男孩,昨天在店里买了一本有用的词典。在元音因素前使用不定冠词an;在辅音因素前使用不定冠词a。故选D。 13. B考查冠词的用法。句意:今天早饭我吃了一个鸡蛋,喝了一些牛奶。名词egg的第一个音是元音音素,其前表示“一个”用不定冠词an。故选B。 14. C【解析】考查冠词的用法辨析。句意:我们应该每天吃早餐来保持身体健康。通常在表示“三餐”和“球类”的名词前不用冠词。故选C。 15. D 考查冠词的用法。句意:钢琴床允许音乐爱好者躺在床上的时候,弹奏钢琴。play后跟乐器,乐器前用定冠词the。故选D。 16. C 此题考査冠词的用法。因为原句中“playing soccer over there”整个分词短语做后置定语,所以限定了是那一个男孩,特指,所以此处应该用定冠词the。 17. C 考查冠词。句意:这个年轻的女士在周末教孩子去弹吉他。动词play后跟表示“乐器”的名词时,名词前用定冠词the,故答案选C。 18. A 考查冠词。hour是以元音音素开头的单词,前面用定冠词an;go to work意为“上班”。 19. A【解析】考查冠词的用法。句意:在客厅的角落里有一架旧钢琴。old是元音音素开头的单词,其前应该使用不定冠词an;后空表示“在客厅的角落里”使用词组in the corner of。故选A。 20. B 考查冠词的用法辨析。句意:我相信每天一个苹果能远离疾病。”一个苹果”表示泛指,排除C选项,”apple”以元音开头,前面用补丁冠词an。故选B。 21.B 考查冠词。第一空是特指戴黑色帽子的男孩,填定冠词the; 第二空后面chess是象棋,棋牌类名词前不能用冠词,故答案 选B。 PAGE 5 专题三 代词 1. (2018·广东省34.)Boxing Day, the 26th of December, got name from a time when many rich families gave boxes of gifts to poor people who had to work at Christmas. A. it’s B. its C. one's D. one 2.(2018·海南中考31.)We must protect animals. They are______ friends. A. us B. our C. ours 3. (2018·河北26.)Please come in, Alice. Welcome to _______ house. A. her B. his C. my D. your 4. (2018?河南中考22.) As a child, I would sit for hours by the river doing _____—simply daydreaming. A. nothing B. everything C. something D. anything 5. (2018·山西21.) In our lives, our parents give us love and warmth. In return, we should understand and care about _______. A. us B. you C. them 6.(2018?上海中考28.)My father is a good doctor. __________works hard to help his patients. A.He B.Him C.His D.Himself 7.(2018?上海中考31.)Catherine has two cousins. One is quiet, and______is noisy. A.another B.the other C.other D. others 8. (2018·北京中考1.)My brother and I like football. _______ play it together once a week. A.I B. They C. We D. You 9. (2018福建A卷25.) —I tried many ways to solve the problem, but ________ of them worked. —Never give up. You’ll surely make it. A. all B. none C. neither 10. (2018·东营20.)The Chinese Skyeye and High-speed Train interest people a lot because __________ of them are leading the world in science and technology. A. both B. each C. either D. neither 11. (2018·东营34.) —Do you love the poems by Li Qingzhao? —Yes, a little. But I prefer those by Du Fu because ______ can cheer me up. A. it B. he C. she D. they 12.(2018潍坊24.)Doctor Bethune sometimes had to treat the wounded on _______ own. A. him B. his C. them D. their 13.(2018·南充22.)—Is that modem plane? —Yes, it’s . My sister sent it to me. A. your; my B. your; mine C. you; me D. yours; mine 14. (2018·重庆A24.)I’m surprised at the new look of_________ hometown. A. I B. me C. my D. mine 15.(2018·青岛中考3.)Jack is happy. Ms. Wang, an excellent teacher, teaches ______ math this term. A. he B. him C. himself D. his 16.(2018·安徽33.)—The fridges are on sale in the supermarket today. —Really? Let’s go and buy _______ for your new kitchen. A. one B. it C. that D. them 17. (2018·南京4.) The schools in Qinhuai District will develop the museum courses suitable for children during ________ school time. A. they B. their C. them D. theirs 18. (2018·临沂18.) We couldn’t buy anything because ______ of the shops were open. A. all B. both C. nothing D. none 19. (2018成都中考33.)A smile costs_______, but gives much, so always keep smiling! A. something B. anything C. nothing 20.(2018·德阳22.)—Do you often help your sister with her English? —No, She learns English by_______. A. himself B. herself C.myself D.yourself 21.(2018·德阳25.)— do you have a meeting? —Once a week. A. How far B. How long C. How soon D. How often 22. (2018·乐山22.) — The sunglasses on your desk are nice. Are they ______? — Yes, I got them from my parents as a birthday present. A. yours B. your C. yourself 23. (2018·天津22.) —She is too busy to help us finish the work. —Let’s do it __________. A. herself B. myself C. itself D. ourselves 24.(2018·重庆B卷22.)Hua Chenyu is very popular among teenagers. He is also _____ favorite singer. A. I B. me C. my D. mine 25. (2018·邵阳21.) —Is this your English book? —No, it’s my brother’s. ______ is over there. A. Mine B. My C. Me 26. (2018·长沙24.)—How many apples can I have? —You can have two._____ are for Jim. A. The others B. Others C. The other 27. (2018·苏州3.) A robot show will be held in July, but knows the date for sure. A. nobody B. everybody C. anybody D. somebody 28.(2018·凉山33.)--I can’t find my English book. Have you seen ? --Oh, sorry. I have taken by mistake A. them; my B. them; your C. it; mine D. it; yours 29. (2018·武汉中考39.) —Do you know where the last two pictures went? —A millionaire bought of them. He thought they were worth. A. either B. each C. none D. both 参考答案 1. B考查代词。句意:节礼日,12月26日,得名于有一次许多富人家庭将成盒的礼物送给那些在圣诞节还在坚持工作的穷人。本题中,name为名词,其前需要用形容词性的物主代词修饰。故选B。 2. B 【解析】考查代词的用法。由空格后的名词可知此处应该用形容词性物主代词,故选B。 3. C 考查形容词性物主代词辨析。句意:请进,Alice。欢迎光临寒舍。由句意知选C。 4. A 【解析】考查不定代词词义辨析。句意:小时候,我会在河边坐几个小时什么也不做——只做白日梦。nothing没什么;everything每件事;something一些事情;anything任何事情。根据句意选A。 定句中;none表示“没有一个”,用于三者以上。故选A。 5. C 考查代词词义辨析。句意:在生活中,我们的父母给予我们爱与温暖。作为回报,我们应该理解并关心他们。根据句意可知横线处指代our parents,所以使用代词“他们”。因为about是介词,后面用宾格形式。us我们;you你,你们;them他们。故选C。 6. B【解析】考查代词的用法。句意:我父亲是个好医生。他努力工作去帮助他的病人。这里欠缺的主语,再根据前面的主语是我父亲,这里用表示他的主格,故填He。 7. B【解析】考查代词的用法。句意:凯瑟琳有两个表兄弟。一个是安静的,另一个是嘈杂的。根据前面的one可知此处用the other(另一个)。 8 C【解析】考查人称代词辨析。空处代指My brother and I两人,所以用人称代词we。故选C。 9. B考查代词用法辨析。句意:—我试了很多方法来解决这个问题,但是没一个有用。—永远不要放弃。你一定可以做到。根据连词but可知,空白处表示否定意义,none表示对三者及以上的否定,neither表示对两者否定,由many可知此处表示对多种方法的否定。故选B。 10. A 【解析】考查代词的用法辨析。句意:“中国天眼”和“高铁”非常吸引人们的注意力,因为它们________在科学技术方面引领世界的先驱。both表示“两者都”;each“三者或三者以上当中每一个”;either“两者中任一个”;neither“两者都不”。由主句的主语“The Chinese Skyeye and High-speed Train”可知它们两者都引世人瞩目。故选A。 11 D【解析】考查代词的用法辨析。句意:——你喜欢李清照创作的诗歌吗?——是的,有点喜欢。但是我更喜欢杜甫创作的那些诗歌,因为_______ 能鼓舞我的斗志。it它;he他;she她;they它们。根据“those by Du Fu”可判断空格处指代的是“那些诗歌”,故用they。故选D。 12. B【解析】考查代词的辨析。句意:白求恩医生有时不得不自己治疗伤员。短语on one's own意为“独自地”,故此处填写he的形容词性物主代词his。选择B。 13. B考查代词词义辨析。句意:—那是你的现代飞机吗?—是的,是我的。我姐姐送给我的。第一空后为名词,其前应用形容词物主代词修饰,故排除选项C和D;根据第二空后无任何词,表明该空应为名词性物主代词;再根据上下文语境,应填mine。故选B。 14. C考查代词用法。句意:看到我的家乡的新面貌,我非常惊讶。根据空后的名词hometown可知前面要用形容词性物主代词,I的形物代为my。故选C。 15. B【解析】考查代词的用法辨析。句意:杰克很开心。王老师——一位非常优秀的老师,这学期教他数学。作动词teach的宾语应该用人称代词的宾格形式,构成teach sb. sth.。 故选B。 16. A 考查不定代词。句意:——今天这个超市里冰箱大甩卖。——真的吗?咱们去为你的新厨房买一台吧。one指代前面提到的物品中的一个;it指代前面提到的物品;that那个;them它们。从语境知,这里指的是去买这些冰箱中的一个。故选A。 17. B 考查代词辨析。句意:秦淮区的学校将在他们的上学时间开设适合孩子们的博物馆课程。此处是指“他们的”上学时间,此空用来修饰名词“school time”,应用形容词性物主代词their。故选B。 18 D 考查不定代词的辨析。句意:我们不能买任何东西,因为没有一家商店是开门的。all表示“三者或三者以上都”;both表示“两者都”,nothing表示“什么也没有”,none表示“三者或三者以上没有一个”。表示“三者或三者以上一个都不”,应用none。故选D。 19. C 此题考査不定代词的用法。根据句意笑容是免费的,所以要常常微笑,cost nothing满足此意。 20. B 考查反身代词。句意:——你经常帮助你妹妹学英语吗?——不,她自学英语。learn...by oneself意为“自学”,主语是she,反身代词用herself。故答案选B。 21 D 考查疑问代词。句意:——你多久开一次会?——一周一次。根据答语可知就频度提问用how often表示“多久一次”,故答案选D。 22. A 考查代词的用法。句意:— 你桌子上的太阳镜很漂亮。它们是你的吗? — 是的,作为生日礼物我从我父母那得到的。空白处是物主代词单独使用,应用名词性物主代词,故选A。 23. D【解析】考查反身代词辨析。句意:——她太忙了,不能帮助我们完成工作。——咱们自己做吧。第一句表达她太忙了,不能帮我们,所以第二句要表达我们自己做吧,须用反身代词“我们自己”ourselves。故选D。 24. C 考查代词的用法。句意:华晨宇在青少年中很受欢迎,他也是我最喜欢的歌手。固定句型”one’s favorite”后接名词,因此选用形容词性物主代词my。故选C。 25. A 【解析】考查名词性物主代词。横线上的词在分句中作主语;而形容词物主代词my和人称代词宾格me均不能作主语。所以用人称代词mine作主语。故选A。 26. A 考查代词用法辨析。句意:我能有多少个苹果?你可以有两个苹果,剩余的苹果给吉姆。the others表示"剩余的人或事"相当于the other+名词,others表示"其他的人或事"相当于other+名词。the other表示"两者中另一个"或"剩余的",若表示"剩余的"后接名词,故选A。 27. A 考查不定代词用法辨析。句意:七月份将举办一场机器人展,但是没有人知道确切的日期。nobody没有人,everybody每人,anybody任何人,somebody有人。根据句中连词but可知,空白处应用nobody表示“没有人”。故选A。 28. D 考查代词。句意:我找不到我的英语书。你看见了吗?--哦,抱歉。我拿错你的书了。由此可知第一空代前面的英语书,故填it;第二空代你的书,要用名词性物主代词,填yours,故答案选D。 29. D 【解析】考查不定代词的用法辨析。句意:——你知道最后那两幅画的去向吗?——一个百万富翁把它们买下来了。他认为这两幅画都很有价值。 either“两者中的任何一个”; each“两者或三者当中的任何一个”;none“三者以上的一个没有”,常用于否定句;both“两者都”。根据句意,故选D。 PAGE 7 专题九 情态动词和系动词 1. (2018·广东省41.)—Yuan Longping, a famous Chinese scientist, is now doing research on sea rice. —If farmers start planting rice in salty water, China’s food supply will surely rise. A. can B. can’t C. must D. mustn’t 2.(2018·海南中考29.)—Is that Mr. Zhou? —It ______ be him. He has gone to Beijing. A. may B. can C. can’t 3.(2018·湘潭23.)Did you see the sign “No swimming”? You swim in the river. A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. don’t have to 4. (2018菏泽24.)Since you have drunk so much wine, you ____drive your car. A. needn’t B.wouldn’t C.mustn’t 5. (2018?上海中考34.)-Must I do the project on my own? -No, you____.You can work with your classmates. A.needn’t B.can’t C.shouldn’t D.mustn’t 6. (2018·北京中考5.)I ______ go now, or I’ll miss my train. A.can B. might C. must D. Could 7. (2018福建A卷23.) —Must I hand in the survey on the use of bicycle-sharing right now? —No, you _______. A. needn’t B. can’t C. shouldn’t 8. (2018·滨州25.)—__________ I swim here? —I’m sorry. Children __________ swim alone here. It’s very dangerous. A. Must; can’t B. May; must C. Can; mustn’t D. Can’t; can 9. (2018·达州32.)—Look!The woman at the school gate ______ be our headmaster. —No,it ______ be her.She is holding a meeting in the office now. A.must;can’t B.must;mustn’t C.can;needn’t D.may;mustn’t 10. (2018·南充29.)—Look at the man standing at the school gate. Is he your math teacher Mr. Brown? —No, it be him, He has gone to Chengdu on business. A. needn’t B. can’t C. may not D. mustn’t 11. (2018·重庆A30.)—Must I go out to have dinner with you, Mum? —No, you_________, my dear. You're free to make your own decision. A. shouldn't B. mustn't C. needn't D. can’t 12. (2018·青岛中考6.) This book ______ be Lucy’s. Look! Her name is on it. A. can B. may C. must D. might 13. (2018·安徽38.)—May I watch TV, Dad? —When your homework is finished, you _______. A. should B. can C. must D. need 14. (2018·临沂19.) Could you please speak a little louder? I ______ hear you very well. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t 15. (2018成都中考34.)—Wow. another gift! What’s in the box? —I'm not sure. It_______be a pair of sports shoes. A. must B. may C. will 16. (2018·德阳24.)Jack be at home because I saw him in the library just now. A.can’t B.may C.must D.mustn’t 17. (2018·乐山25.)— Why ______ we close that chemical factory? — Because it has caused lots of pollution. We need better environment. A. must B. can C. may 18. (2018·乐山31.)— What do you think of the fish soup? — Well, it ______ a bit salty. A. looks B. smells C. tastes 19. (2018·宜宾中考23.) Mr. Green ______ be at home now. He went abroad on vacation last Friday. A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t 20. (2018·天津29.)—Must I come here before 6:30 tomorrow? —No, you_______. There will be plenty of time. A. mustn’t B. can’t C. couldn’t D. needn’t 21. (2018·重庆B卷26.)The cake _____ delicious. I’d like to have another one. A. tastes B. looks C. sounds D. feels 22. (2018·重庆B卷30.)You ____ stop when the traffic lights turn red. A. can’t B. may C. must D. needn’t 23. (2018·邵阳27.)—Must I do how now? —No, you ________. A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. shouldn’t 24. (2018·长沙22.)—Is the man over there Adam? —It ____be him. He has gone to Hong Kong on vacation. A. must B. can't C. mustn't 25. (2018·苏州8.) She be slow, but at least she doesn’t make stupid mistakes. A. needn’t B. may C. can’t D. shall 26. (2018 ·凉山40.)Parents put the things like knives and medicine away in the house to keep children safe. A. may B. might C. can D. should 27. (2018·武汉中考35.) —Must you go? —Yes. I’m afraid I really_____ . A. may B. should C. must D. can 参考答案 1. A考查情态动词。句意:——中国著名的科学家袁隆平现正在进行在海上种植水稻的研究。——如果农民们能在咸水里进行水稻种植,中国的食物保障将会显著提升。can能够,可以;can’t不可能;must必须;mustn’t千万别。本题中,题干语境意为“可以,能够”,故选A。 2. C 【解析】考查情态动词的用法。由答语后半句“他去北京了”,可推断不可能是周老师,表示否定推测用can't。故选C。 3. B 考查情态动词的用法。句意:你看见了“不准游泳”这个标志吗?你不可以在这条河里游泳。needn’t不必;mustn’t禁止,不可以;don’t have to不必。故选B。 4. C【解析】考查情态动词用法。句意:既然你喝了那么多的酒,你一定不要开车。needn’t没必要;wouldn’t不会;mustn’t 一定不要。分析句意可推知:酒后不准开车,具有命令、要求之意,故选C。 5. A【解析】考查情态动词的用法。句意:——我必须自己做这个项目吗? ——不,你不必。你可以和你同学一起做。根据前面问句用了情态动词must,再结合来回答是否定的,must的否定回答用needn’t,故选A。 6. C【解析】考查情态动词辨析。can能;可以;might可能;must必须;一定;could会;可能;可以。根据句意判断:我现在必须走了,否则我会赶不上火车了。故选C。 7. A 考查情态动词的用法。句意:—我必须要现在交共享单车调查吗?—不,不必。以must提问的一般疑问句,肯定回答用must(必须),否定回答用needn’t或don’t/doesn’t have to(不必)。由答语No可知该题为否定回答。故选A。 8. C 考查情态动词用法。句意:——我可以在这儿游泳吗?——抱歉,孩子们绝对不能单独在这里游泳,这里太危险了。由后句抱歉可知,上句应该是请求允许“可以”;由dangerous可知,应该“禁止,绝对不能”。故选C。 9. A 考查情态动词词义辨析。句意:——看!学校门口的那个女士肯定是我们的校长。——不,不可能是她。她正在办公室里开会呢。本句使用情态动词表示猜测和判断。第一个人表示肯定的推测,而答语否定了前者的推测,从答语知,那个人“不可能”是她。故选A。 10. B考查情态动词词义辨析。句意:—请看站在校大门口的那个男子。他是你的数学老师布朗先生吗?—不,不可能是他。他已去成都做生意了。needn’t不必;can’t不可能,表推测(推测时很有把握);may not也许不,表推测(推测时不太有把握);mustn’t一定不可以怎么样,表禁止,不许可。从答语第二句知,应答者对站在学校门口的那个男子是非常肯定,因此这里表“不可能”。故选B。 11. C考查情态动词辨析。句意:——妈妈,我必须和你一块出去吃晚饭吗?——_____.你可以自由地自己做决定。根据语境可知是否定回答,以must开头的疑问句,否定回答用needn’t,故选C。 12. C【解析】考查情态动词表推测的用法。句意:这本书一定是露西的。看,她的名字在上面。can表示推测时,通常只用于否定句或疑问句;may和might表示推测的可能性较小,?might?比?may?语气更不确定,表示的可能性更小。由“Her name is on it”可知,把握非常大,这本书“一定”是她的。故选C。 13. B 考查情态动词之许可。句意:——我可以看电视吗,爸爸?——当你完成家庭作业时,你就可以看。should应该;can能;must一定;need需要。根据语境知选B。 14. A 考查情态动词的辨析。句意:请你说大点声好吗?我不能很好地听到你说的话。can't不能;mustn't禁止;不允许;shouldn’t不应该;needn’t不需要。表示“不能够”,应用can’t。故选A。 15. B 此题考査情态动词表推测的用法。因为句子前面有一个‘I’m not sure”表示不 确定,所以是可能性的推测,从而选择B。 16. A 考查情态动词。句意:杰克不可能在家因为我刚刚在图书馆看到了他。表示否定猜测用情态动词can’t,表示“不可能”,故答案选A。 17. A 考查情态动词的用法。句意:— 为什么我们必须关闭化工厂? — 因为它造成了大量污染。我们需要更好的环境。must必须;can能,会;may可以。根据答语可知,因为化工厂造成了大量的污染,我们必须关掉化工厂,故选A。 18. C 考查系动词的用法。句意:— 你觉得这鱼汤怎么样? — 嗯,它尝起来有点咸。look看起来,smell闻起来,taste尝起来。鱼汤有点咸是品尝的结果,故选C。 19. C 考查情态动词表示推断。由He went abroad on vacation last Friday, 可知“格林先生现在不可能在家”。 20. D【解析】考查情态动词的用法辨析。句意:——明天我必须在6:30之前到这儿来吗?——不,没有必要,时间足够。问句Must I...?肯定回答用:Yes, you must. ,否定回答用:No, you needn’t/you don’t have to.。故选D。 21. A 考查系动词的辨析。句意:蛋糕尝起来很美味,我想再要一个。”taste”尝起来、”look”看起来、”sound”听起来、”feel”感觉。故选A。 22. C 考查情态动词的用法。句意:当路灯变红的时候你必须停下来。根据下文”when the traffic lights turn red”可知,此处指”你必须停下来。”must必须,一定。故选C。 23. B 【解析】考查情态动词。must引导的问句,其否定回答用needn’t或don’t have to。故答案为B。 24. B 考查情态动词表推测。句意:在那儿的男士是亚当么?不可能是他。他已经去香港度假了。must一定,can’t不可能,mustn’t禁止,故选B。 25. B 考查情态动词用法辨析。句意:她可能很慢,但至少她不会犯这些愚蠢的错误。根据句中连词but可知,前后句在意义上是转折关系,所以空白处应用may表示“可能”。故选B。 26. D 考查情态动词。句意:父母应该把像刀和药之类的东西收拾好以保证孩子们的安全。may可能,可以;might 可能; can能; should应该。所以选答案D。 27. C 【解析】考查情态动词用法辨析。句意:——你必须走吗?——是的,我恐怕必须走了。may表示“可以”,含有得到允许之意;must表示“必须”;should表示“应该”; can表示“能够”。根据语气判断,故选C。 PAGE 7 专题二 名词 1. (2018·襄阳26.)—Mom, I’m thirteen now. Can I ride a bike to school? —Yes, you can. But you must follow the traffic _______on the way. A. rules B. planes C. safety D. accident 2.(2018·深圳9.) —Simon always reads for half an hour before bedtime every day. —That's a good_______. Reading makes a full man. A. dream B. wish C. habit 3. (2018·深圳11.)—I'm looking forward to the final of the 2018 World Cup. —Me, too. I hope the German team will be the____. It's my favorite. A. player B. winner C. loser 4. (2018·广东省32.)The three upstairs are too small to have enough for a double bed. A. room, room B. room, rooms C. rooms, room D. rooms, rooms 5. (2018·海南中考28.) David likes taking photos, so his father bought him a______ last week. A. camera B. dictionary C. bicycle 6. (2018·河北27.)Did you hear the ______? A scientist will visit our school. A. advice B. news C. praise D. choice 7. (2018?河南中考23.) —It’s useless to regret what has been done. Don’t make those mistakes again. —I won’t. That’s a(n) _____ A. order B. decision C. promise D. agreement 8. (2018·江西32.) I live near a big_____. It gets very noisy on match days. A. hospital B. store C. bank D. playground 9. (2018菏泽22.)Now more and more schools care for the full ___ of the students’ talents. A. development B. agreement C. preparation 10. (2018·山西25.) Reading the first ______ of each paragraph before you read the whole text helps you get the main idea quickly. A. letter B. word C. sentence 11. (2018·新疆28.) Hurry up! Some _______ and _______ are on sale in the supermarket. A. tomato; egg B. tomatoes; egg C. tomatoes; eggs D. tomato; eggs 12. (2018福建A卷31.) —I don’t know how to use the APP Fun Dubbing. — Ask Jimmy for help. He has lots of _______ in doing it. A. experience B. trouble C. courage 13. (2018·滨州23.)—Nick, I lost my pen and I couldn’t find _________ anywhere. —There are many pens in that box. Just take __________. A. it; it B. it; one C. one; it D. one; one 14. (2018·东营19.)—Let’s see what food you’ve got for dinner. —Look, we have mutton, fish, eggs, tomatoes and _______ . A. milk B. bread C. coffee D. juice 15. (2018·东营24.)— Hi, Li Mei. How is your new school? — Fantastic. We can choose the courses according to our_______. I love operas, so I took the Beijing Opera class. A. grades B. talents C. interests D. experiences 16. (2018·东营32.) —An American boy made a wheelchair for his wounded goldfish. —Well done! Animals deserve (应该得到) love and good _______ as humans. A. life B. chance C. luck D. environment 17. (2018潍坊23.)The Three Gorges Dam produces________ for millions of people in China. A. electricity B. influence C. transport D. technology 18. (2018·达州22.)—What do you think of The Belt and Road Initiative(一带一路倡议)? —Great!It will help China improve the ______ with those related countries. A.relationship B.agreement C.environment D.information 19. (2018·达州26.)—Which country do you think will win the first prize of the ______ FIFA World Cup? —You mean the football match will be held in ______? A.twenty-one;Russia B.twenty-first;Russian C.twenty-first;Russia D.twenty-one;Russian 20. (2018·重庆A23.)—I have a bad cold. —Sorry to hear that. You'd better go to see a _________ at once. A. doctor B. cook C. writer D. farmer 21. (2018·青岛中考1.)Could you please put some _____ in my cup? I’d like sweet coffee. A. sugar B. salt C. ice D. pepper 22. (2018·安徽32.)—What is the ______ of your excellent spoken English? —Practice makes perfect! A. result B. influence C. duty D. secret 23. (2018·南京11.) —Do you have this T-shirt in a small ________? —I’m afraid not. It only comes in medium. A. size B. colour C. material D. taste 24. (2018·天津24.) Her smile made me feel warm and lively. It was like a hidden________. A. competition B. interview C. treasure D. tradition 25. (2018·重庆B卷33.)—How far is it from Chongqing to Guiyang? —It’s about two _____ ride by high-speed train. A. hour B. hour’s C. hours D. hours’ 26. (2018·苏州6.) The boy has been missing for five days and his parents are worried about his . A. attention B. safety C. action D. growth 27. (2018·凉山29.)Many foreigners came to our school last week, including three and four . A. German, American B. Germans, American C. Germans, Americans D. German, Americans 28. (2018·武汉中考36.) —Kate, I’m going shopping. Anything to buy for you? —Yes, that will save me a ______. A. hand B. trip C. visit D. bill 参考答案 1. A 考查名词词义辨析。句意:——妈妈,我现在十三岁了。我可以骑自行车去学校吗?——是的,你可以。但是在路上,你必须遵守交通规则。rule规则;plane飞机;safety安全;accident 事故。路上应该遵守“交通规则”。故选A。 2. C 考查语境分析&词义辨析。句意:——西蒙每天在睡觉前都会读半小时的书。 ——这是个好习惯。读书使人充实。 A选项dream表示“梦想”; B选项wish表示“愿望;希望”; C选项habit表示“习惯”,根据句意可知此题选C。 3.B 考查语境分析&词义辨析。 句意:——我期待这2018世界杯的决赛。——我也是。我希望德国队会成为冠军。这是我最喜欢的球队。 A player 运动员;B winner冠军,胜利者;C loser 失败者; 根据句意可知选B 4. C考查名词的用法。句意:楼上的三个房间都太小了,以至于没有足够的空间容纳一张双人床。题干中three后跟可数名词rooms“房间”,而room表示“空间”时为不可数名词。故选C。 5. A 【解析】考查名词辨析。由前半句大卫喜欢照相可推断他父亲上周给他买了台相机。camera“相机”;dictionary“字典”;bicycle“自行车”。故选A。 6. B 考查名词词义辨析。句意:你听说这个消息了吗?一位科学家将要拜访我们的学校。advice意见;news新闻,消息;C. praise表扬,赞扬;D. choice 选择,抉择。根据语境可知,应是听说这个消息。故选B。 7. C 【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意:——后悔做过的事情是没有用的。不要再犯那样的错误。——我不会了,这是___。order 顺序,命令;decision决心;promise承诺;agreement 协议。根据句意应选C。 8. D 考查名词词义辨析。句意:我住在一家大___附近。它在比赛日非常吵闹。hospital医院;store商店;bank银行;playground操场。根据语境及选项可知,操场附近在比赛日非常吵闹。故选D。 9. A【解析】考查名词辨析。句意:现在越来越多的学校注重学生才能的全面发展。development发展;agreement同意;preparation准备。分析句意可推知:学校注重了学生的全面发展,故选A。 10. C 考查名词词义辨析。句意:在你读整篇文章之前读每段的第一句话能够帮助你快速理解主旨。letter信,字母;word单词;sentence句子。人们一般根据句首的主题句来了解段意,故选C。 11. C 考查名词的数。句意:快点儿!一些西红柿和鸡蛋正在超市里出售。tomato和egg 都是可数名词,由前面的形容词some可知,此处均应用名词复数形式。故选C。 12. A 考查名词辨析。句意:—我不知道怎么用“趣配音”这个应用程序。—找吉米帮忙。他做这个有经验。experience经验,trouble困难,courage勇气。由句意可知,吉米对于这个应用程序很有经验,所以才建议找他帮忙。故选A。 13. B 考查代词词义辨析。句意:——尼克,我的钢笔丢了,而且我到处找不到它。——盒子里有很多钢笔。尽管拿一只。one一个,指代前面提到同类的人或物;it它,指代前面同一物;故选B。 14. B【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意:——让我们看看你们为 晚饭都准备了什么食物?——瞧!我们有羊肉、鱼肉、鸡蛋、西红柿和________ 。milk牛奶;bread面包;coffee咖啡;juice果汁。由题干中的“What food you’ve got”,可知答语提供的应该是食物类名词。milk, coffee和juice都是饮料类,故用bread。故选B。 15. C【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意:——你好,李梅。你的新学校怎么样?——太好了。我们可以根据我们自己的________选择课程。我喜欢戏曲,因此我选修的是京剧课。grade分数,等级;talent才能;interest爱好,兴趣;experience经历,经验。由答语中的“I love operas”可知:可以根据自己的“兴趣”选择课程。故选C。 16. A 【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意:——一个美国男孩给他的受伤的金鱼制作了一个轮椅。——做得不错!动物应该像人类一样得到爱和好的________。life生活;chance机会;luck运气;environment环境。根据“made a wheelchair for his wounded goldfish”可判断这里表示动物也应该受到“关爱,过上幸福的生活”。故选A。 17. A【解析】考查名词辨析。句意:三峡大坝为数百万中国人供电。electricity电力;influence影响;transport运输;technology技术。主语“三峡大坝”提示用electricity和动词produce构成动宾短语,表示“发电”符合句意。故选择A。 18. A 考查名词词义辨析。句意:——你认为一带一路倡议怎么样?——非常好!它将帮助中国改善与邻国的关系。relationship关系;agreement协议;environment环境;information信息。improve the relationship意为“改善……关系”。故选A。 19. C 考查数词和名词辨析。句意:——你认为哪个国家会获得第21届世界杯的第一名? ——你说的是在俄罗斯举办的足球赛吗?从句意知,第一个空需要用序数词,第二个空指的是国家。故选C。 20. A考查名词辨析。句意为:——我感冒了。——听到这我很难过。你最好马上去看医生。doctor“医生”;cook“厨师”;writer“作家”;farmer“农民”。根据句意所以选A。 21. A【解析】考查不可数名词的用法辨析。句意:你能在我的茶杯里加些糖吗?我想要甜咖啡。由第二句中“sweet coffee”,可知茶杯里需要加sugar(糖)。故选A。 22. D 考查名词词义辨析。句意:——你能说一口流利的英语的秘诀是什么?——熟能生巧。result结果;influence影响;duty职责;secret秘诀。根据语境知选D。 23. A 考查名词辨析。句意:?—这种T恤有小码吗?—恐怕没有,这种只有中码。size尺寸;colour颜色;material材料;taste风格,风味。根据答句“comes in medium”可知此处问的是尺寸。故选A。 24. C【解析】考查名词词义的辨析。句意:他的微笑让我感到温暖而充满活力,就像是隐藏的宝藏。competition表示“比赛,竞赛”,interview表示“面试;采访”,treasure表示“财富,宝藏”,tradition表示“传统”。根据句意可知用treasure。故选C。 25. D 考查名词所有格。句意:——重庆到贵阳距离多远?——坐高铁大概两个小时的车程。这里”two hours’”作形容词修饰ride,故选D。 26. B 考查名词用法辨析。句意:这个男孩已经失踪5天了,他的父母担心他的安全。attention注意,safety安全,action行动,growth成长。根据句意可知,这个男孩子失踪了,他的父母应是担心他的“安全”,应用名词safety。故选B。 27. C 考查名词。表示国家人的名词单复数规则:中日不变,英法变,其余s加后面。German德国人,复数形式后面加s, American美国人,复数形式也是后面加s。故答案选C。 28. B【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意:——Kate,我要去买东西。给你买点东西?——好的。那将帮我省一趟腿。hand“手”,give me a hand “帮助我”;trip“(短途)旅行”,save me a trip“帮助我省了一趟腿”;visit“拜访”;bill“账单”;根据句意,故选B。 PAGE 6 专题五 副词 1. (2018·广东省36.)—My grandpa practices playing the guitar in the university for the elderly every day. —Cool! It's never too old to learn. A. hard B. hardly C. great D. greatly 2. (2018·襄阳32.) —Excuse me, sir. Are you sure the umbrella in your hand belongs to you? —Oh, sorry. I took it __________. Mine is over there under the chair. A. at once B. on time C. by mistake D. in all 3. (2018?河南中考24.) Aunt Jane is now _____ over seventy, but she is still a great cinema-goer. A. very B. well C. about D. almost 4. (2018·湘潭30.) She was excited at the news that she couldn’t say a word. A. so B. very C. such 5.(2018菏泽28.)When you visit a foreign country, it is important to know how to ask for help____? A. lately B. widely C. politely 6. (2018·山西26.) If one of your friends sends you a message to borrow money on the Internet, you’d better phone him ________ first to make sure of that. A. recently B. directly C. finally 7.(2018·新疆33.) There was a car accident on Xinhua Road yesterday. _______, nobody was hurt. A. Lucky B. Luckily C. Unlucky D. Unluckily 8.(2018·襄阳33.) —Listen! It’s raining __________outside. —Wow, look! The yard is full of rainwater now! A. strongly B. hardly C. greatly D. heavily 9.(2018福建A卷24.) Tony is the best student in the class because he works ______ than the others. A. hard B. harder C. hardest 10.(2018·海南中考32.) Uncle Liang_______ eats out because his wife always makes delicious food for him. A. seldom B. sometimes C. often 11.(2018·滨州24.)I could ___________ control my feelings at the moment. The song brought back so many childhood memories. A. hardly B. really C. clearly D. nearly 12. (2018·东营23.)—What’s the English word for the Chinese food jiaozi? —You can _______say “jiaozi”. It has been added to the Oxford English Dictionary. A. just B. even C. still D. hardly 13. (2018·东营30.) Patient: 500 yuan for pulling a tooth? It’s only a couple of minute’s work. Doctor: Well, I can do it _______ if you like. A. quietly B. more slowly C. less carefully D. as quickly as I can 14. (2018·达州25.)—Would you like two strong black coffees? —No,thanks.I ______ drink it.It hurts my stomach. A.almost B.hardly C.only D.exactly 15. (2018·南充23.)—I think that Eric writes as as Betty. —So he does. A. more careful B. more carefully C. most carefully D. carefully 16. (2018·重庆A28.)I can't hear the teacher_________ with so much noise outside. A. clearly B. slowly C. warmly D. bravely 17.(2018·青岛中考8.) Allen always behaves ______, so many people like him. A. easily B. politely C. friendly D. lively 18. (2018·安徽43.)Yuan Longping is _______ regarded as the greatest scientist in rice planting. A. suddenly B. patiently C. hardly D. generally 19. (2018·南京12.) Millie ________ missed the train this afternoon. It started to leave right after she got on it. A. almost B. already C. really D. seldom 20.(2018·乐山24.)— It’s reported that Fuxing high-speed train can go as ______ as 350 km an hour. — Wow, how amazing! A. fastest B. faster C. fast 21. (2018·天津28.)—Can you open a gift_________ after you receive it in England? —Yes. We don’t have to wait. A. mainly B. immediately C. nearly D. loudly 22. (2018·重庆B卷25.)It rained _____ yesterday. I had to stay at home. A. heavily B. quietly C. hardly D. quickly 23.(2018·苏州2.) —I’m going to miss you, dear. —I feel the same. A. hardly B. exactly C. seriously D. properly 参考答案 1. A考查形容词或副词辨析。句意:——我爷爷每天都努力地在这所大学练习弹奏吉他,以便能为老人们弹奏。——太酷了!真是活到老学到老啊。hard努力地,艰苦的;hardly几乎不;great伟大的;greatly非常。本题中,需要副词修饰动词playing,结合语境,A项正确。 A。 2. C 考查副词短语词义辨析。 句意:——打扰一下,先生!你能确定你手里的伞是你自己的吧?——哦,对不起!我拿错伞了。我的伞在椅子下面。at once立刻;马上;on time按时;准时;by mistake 错误地;in all 总共;合计。由空后一句可知,自己是拿错伞了。故选C。 3. B【解析】考查副词的词义辨析。简阿姨现在已经七十多岁了,但她仍然是一个电影铁粉儿。very很,非常;well充分地;about大约;almost几乎。well在这儿相当于“足足地”,故选B。 4. A 考查副词的辨析。句意:听到这个消息她是那么的激动,以至于一句话也说不出来。“so+形容词/ 副词+that…”固定短语,意为“如此……以至于……”;excited“激动的”为形容词,故用副词so。 5. C【解析】考查副词辨析。句意:如果你到外国去访问,如何有礼貌地寻求帮助非常重要。 lately近来;widely广泛地;politely礼貌地。分析句意可推知:应该有礼貌地寻求帮助,故选C。 6. B 句意:考查副词词义辨析。句意:如果你的一个朋友在网络上给你发信息向你借钱,你最好首先直接给他打电话去确定这件事。 recently最近地;directly直接地;finally最后。一般弄不准的信息应该直接打电话给本人来核实,故选 B。 7. B 考查副词的用法及词义辨析。由前句There was a car accident on Xinhua Road yesterday.及后句中的nobody was hurt可知,在交通事故中无人受伤,真是很幸运。此处应用副词作状语。故选副词Luckily(幸运地)。 8 D 考查副词词义辨析。 句意:——听!外面下大雨了。——哇!看,院子里满满的雨水哦!strongly 强壮地,强烈地;hardly 几乎不;greatly 极好地;heavily猛烈地 形容雨大,一般用heavily。故选D。 9. B 考查副词的比较级用法。句意:托尼是班上(成绩)最好的学生,因为他比班上其他学生学习更努力。副词hard的比较级为harder。故选B。 10. A 【解析】考查频度副词。由because 后的原因状语从句“他妻子总是为他做美味的食物”,可知梁叔叔很少出去吃饭。seldom “很少”; sometimes“有时”; often“常常”。故选A。 11. A 考查副词词义辨析。句意:在那刻,我几乎不能控制我的感情。这首歌使我记起如此多的童年记忆。hardly 几乎不;really真实地,真正地;clearly清晰地;nearly几乎;差不多。由后句的记忆提示,应该是没有控制住自己。故选A。 12. C【解析】考查副词的用法辨析。句意:——与中国食物“饺子”相对应的英语单词是什么?——你_______可以称呼它为“jiaozi”。它已经被添加到《牛津英语词典》的词汇里了。just刚刚;even甚至;still仍然;hardly几乎不。由答语中的“has been added to”可知是指“仍然”可以如此称呼。故选C。 13. B【解析】考查副词的用法辨析。句意:病人:拔一颗牙收费500元?那只是一两分钟的活。医生:哦,如果你喜欢的话,我可以为你做这件事_________ 。quietly安静地;more slowly“更慢地”;less carefully“更不仔细地”;as quickly as I can“我尽可能快地”。由“only a couple of minute’s work”可知:对方觉得“时间短收费高”,而答语应该是“可以慢慢来动手术”。故选B。 14. B 考查副词词义辨析。句意:——你想喝两杯浓咖啡吗?——不,谢谢。我几乎不喝。它伤胃。almost几乎,差不多;hardly几乎不,几乎没有;only只,仅;exactly确切地;精确地。根据No,thanks.及It hurts my stomach.可知,我几乎不喝。故选B。 15. D考查形容词和副词的辨析。句意:—我认为Eric和Betty写得一样认真。—他的确如此。根据句中的“as______as”可知,此空应填一个形容词或副词原级;而句中的“write”表明是动词,故用副词来修饰。故选D。 16. A考查副词的辨析。句意:外边那么吵我听不清老师讲课。clearly清楚地; slowly慢慢地;warmly微暖地; bravely勇敢地。故选A。 17. B【解析】考查副词的用法辨析。句意:艾伦总是举止文明,所以许多人喜欢他。 easily副词,“容易地”;politely 副词,“有礼貌地”; friendly 形容词,“友好的”;lively 形容词,“活泼的”。句中修饰动词behave,需要副词,排除形容词C和D两项。由后面“ many people like him”可知用politely修饰behaves。故选B。 18. D 考查副词词义辨析。suddenly突然;patiently耐心地;hardly几乎不;generally通常地。根据常识理解句意:袁隆平在水稻种植方面通常被认为是最了不起的科学家。故选D。 19. A 考查副词辨析。句意:米莉今天下午差一点就错过了火车。她一上车,车就离开了。almost几乎,差一点;already已经;really真的,确实;seldom很少。根据下文的“It started to leave right after she got on it.”可知米莉事实上是赶上火车了,只是差一点没有赶上。故选A。 20. C 考查副词的比较等级。句意:—据报道复兴高速列车时速可达350千米。— 哇,太令人惊讶!as …as 意为“与……一样”,两个as之间应用形容词或副词的原级,故选C。 21. B【解析】考查副词的词义辨析。句意:——在英国当你收到礼物后能立即打开吗?——可以,我们没有必要等待。mainly表示“主要地”,immediately表示“立即”,nearly表示“几乎”,loudly表示“大声地”。由第二句得知我们等不及打开礼物了,可知第一句想表达“收到后立刻打开礼物”。 22. A 考查副词的用法。句意:昨天鱼下得很大,我不得不留在家里。”heavily”沉重地;猛烈地、”quietly”安静地、”hardly”艰难地、”quickly”快速地。本句中指”雨下得很猛烈”。故选A。 23. B 考查副词用法辨析。句意:——我会想你的,亲爱的。——我感觉完全一样。hardly几乎不,exactly正好;?完全地,seriously严重地,properly适当地。表示“完全地”应用exactly。故选B。 PAGE 7 专题八 数词 1. (2018·广东省35.)According to a survey, four out of five women do housework at home, but only of men would do it. A. four fifth B. four fifths C. two fifth D. two fifths 2. (2018·滨州32.)Nowadays, __________ farmers leave their hometown to search for work in the cities. A. million of B. two millions C. millions of D. two millions of 3. (2018·东营28.) We asked 1,000 students from Hope School about what kind of books they love. Here are the results. According to the pie chart above, _______ of the students love science books. A. ten percent B. fifteen percent C. a quarter D. half 4. (2018·达州26.)—Which country do you think will win the first prize of the ______ FIFA World Cup? —You mean the football match will be held in ______? A.twenty-one;Russia B.twenty-first;Russian C.twenty-first;Russia D.twenty-one;Russian 5. (2018·重庆A26.) _________visitors came to take photos of Hongyadong during the vacation. A. Thousand B. Thousand of C. Thousands D. Thousands of 6. (2018·青岛中考4.)It’s my daughter’s birthday today. She’s ______ years old. A. eighteen B. eighteenth C. the eighteen D. the eighteenth 7. (2018·重庆B卷27.)______ people visited Hongyadong, Chongqing on May Day this year. A. Thousand B. Thousands C. Thousand of D. Thousands of 8. (2018·邵阳22.) My daughter is ______ years old. Today is her _______ birthday. A. nine; nineth B. nine; ninth C. ninth; nine 9. (2018 ·凉山31.)--The picture of the Snowflake Boy has become very popular recently. -- Yeah, it receives Internet hits a day A. thousands of B. thousand C. hundred D. hundreds 参考答案 1. D考查数词之分数表达。句意:根据一项调查,五分之四的妇女在家做家务,但是只有五分之二的男士做这项工作。分数的表达方式,分子用基数词,而分母则需要用序数词,当分子数字大于一时,则分母序数词后需要加s。故选D。 2. C 考查数词用法。句意:现在,成百上千万的农民离开他们的家乡去大城市寻找工作。表示不确切的数目时,在million, thousand或hundred后加s,和of连用,在thousand或hundred前有具体数词时不用复数,也不和of连用,直接修饰名词复数形式。故选C。 3. D【解析】考查数词的用法辨析。句意:我们询问了来自希望中学的1000名学生,有关他们喜欢什么类型的书。这儿是调查结果。根据以上的表格,________ 的学生喜欢科学书。 ten percent百分之十;fifteen percent 百分之十五;a quarter四分之一;half一半。由题干中所给的表格信息可知是500个学生,占总人数的一半。故选D。 4. C 考查数词和名词辨析。句意:——你认为哪个国家会获得第21届世界杯的第一名? ——你说的是在俄罗斯举办的足球赛吗?从句意知,第一个空需要用序数词,第二个空指的是国家。故选C。 5. D考查数词的用法。句意:在假期数千名游客来到洪崖洞拍照。hundreD.thousand等数词前有数字修饰该词用原形,其前若无数词修饰,该词变复数形式,其后接of,如:thousands of表示数千的,故选D。 6. A【解析】考查数词的用法辨析。句意:今天是我女儿的生日,她18岁了。因为表示年龄需要用基数词,所以排除B和D两项;而基数词不与冠词连用,所以C项也排除。故选A。 7. D【辨析】考查数词的用法辨析。句意:今年五一长假无数人参观了重庆洪崖洞。根据语境可知,本句中数词表示概数。”Thousands of”是一个固定搭配,表示概数,意指”无数的,成千上万”的。故选D。 8. B 【解析】考查数词。表示“……岁的”用基数词,表示“第……个生日”用序数词;nine的序数词为ninth。故选B。 9. A 考查数词。确数两无,无s和of; 概数两有,有s和of。句意:--雪花男孩的照片最近非常受欢迎。--是的,每天网络点击率几千次。由此可以判断点击的次数是无法确定的,故选A。 PAGE 4 专题六 介词 1. (2018·广东省33.)—How soon will we get the offer from a new high school? — about two months. A. In B. For C. Among D. During 2.(2018·海南中考27.)—Who is the boy ______ a blue T-shirt? —He is my cousin. A. on B. in C. of 3. (2018福建A卷27.) Blue whales are ________. We should try to protect them. A. in time B. in public C. in danger 4. (2018·山西27.) In China, we are using the FAST to find stars ________. Now more and more people want to know about the largest radio telescope(望远镜) in the world. A. in person B. in public C. in space 5. (2018·山西28.) Except for working hard, we should give more attention to proper exercise and enough sleep. ______, health always comes first. A. For example B. After all C. So far 6.(2018?上海中考29.)Karen and Lily will go to Russia to watch the 2018 World Cup______July. A.on B.in C.at D.of 7. (2018?上海中考33.)Frank is an independent boy. His parents are proud ____ him. A.On B.to C. in D.of 8.(2018·桂林37.)I won the first prize in the exam, so I was proud?______?myself. A. in B. of C. at 9. (2018·北京中考2.)Happy birthday, Peter! Here’s a gift ______ you. A.for B. in C.with D.from 10. (2018福建A卷21.) I will give a T-shirt _______ my brother as a birthday present. A. by B. to C. from 11. (2018·滨州31.)Don’t stay inside __________ such a sunny morning. Let’s go out to enjoy the gentle wind and the sweet flowers. A. on B. in C. from D. at 12. (2018·东营31.) —It is said that children in South Korea have to hike and walk through mountains at night _________ their military (军事的) training. —Really? So their training is much harder than ours. ? ?? ? A. after? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???B. since? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? C. during? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?D. before 13. (2018潍坊22.)Students here often do physics experiments _______small groups. A. by B. in C. for D. at 14. (2018·达州23.)—I’m thirsty.I’d like a glass of orange juice.What about you,Andy? —I prefer a cup of tea ______ nothing in it. A.with B.for C.to D.without 15. (2018·重庆A22.) I always play basketball to relax myself_________ Saturdays. A. on B. in C. at D. by 16. (2018·青岛中考5.)More and more people in Qingdao go to work ______ subway now. A. with B. on C. in D. by 17. (2018·安徽36.)Our class are much sure to win the basketball game ______ Class Three. A. of B. in C. against D. from 18. (2018·南京2.) Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon ________ 20 July 1969. A. in B. on C. at D. for 19. (2018·临沂17.) Did you read your favorite books _____ April 23? It was World Book Day. A. for B. at C. on D. in 20. (2018·乐山32.)The program I’m a singer is quite popular ______ students these days. They often talk about it between classes. A. for B. with C. in 21. (2018·天津27.) In the picture, he sits________ me, looking very happy. A. beside B. among C. up D. through 22. (2018·重庆B卷23.)—Excuse me, is there a computer room in your school? —Yes. It’s ______ the fifth floor. A. on B. in C. at D. to 23. (2018·苏州1.) Scared by the loud noise, the rabbits ran off all directions. A on B at C. in D. by 24. (2018· 凉山30.)Our classes are over noon and then we go to have a rest 1: 00 in the afternoon. A. at; at B. in; in C. In; at D. at; in 25. (2018·武汉中考32.) —What are you doing? —I’m looking the kids. They should be back for lunch now. A. after B.at C. for D. up 参考答案 1. A考查介词的用法。句意:——我们需要多久才能得到一所新高中的录取通知书?——大约两个月之后吧。在一般将来时态的句子中,引导时间状语用介词in,表示“……之后”。故选A。 2. B 【解析】考查介词的搭配。由答语可知此处询问:穿蓝色T恤衫的男孩是谁?“in+颜色+衣服”表示“穿着...颜色的衣服的”。故选B。 3. C 考查固定短语辨析。句意:蓝鲸处境危险,我们应该尽力保护它们。in time及时,in public当众,在公共场所,in danger处于危险中。故选C。 4. C 考查介词短语。句意:在中国,我们正在使用 FAST 射电望远镜去找太空中的星星。现在越来越多的人想要了解这台世界上最大的射电望远镜。in person亲自;in public在公共场合;in space在太空。根据事实“星星在太空中”,故选 C。 5. B 考查介词短语。句意:除了努力工作以外,我们应该更加关注适当的锻炼和足够的睡眠。毕竟,健康总是第一位的。for example例如;after all毕竟;so far到目前为止。根据句意可知选 B。 6. B【解析】考查介词的用法。句意:卡伦和莉莉将会去俄罗斯观看2018年世界杯的2018年世界杯。月份前面用介词in,故选B。 7. D【解析】考查介词的用法。句意:弗兰克是个独立的男孩。他的父母为他感到骄傲。这里是短语be proud of(以....为骄傲)的固定搭配。 8. B考查介词短语的用法。句意:我在考试中赢得一等奖,因此我为自己而骄傲。be proud of固定短语,意为“感到自豪”。故选B。 9. A【解析】考查介词辨析。根据句意判断:Peter,生日快乐!这是送你的一份礼物。表示“为了;给”用介词for。故选A。 10. B 考查介词的用法。句意:我会给我哥哥一件T恤作为他的生日礼物。give…to sb.意为“给某人……”,是固定搭配。故选B。 11. A 考查介词用法。句意:在这么晴朗的早上不要呆在屋里,让我们出去享受一下温柔的风,甜蜜的花香。在具体的某一个早上,要用介词on。故选A。 12. C 【解析】考查介词用法辨析。句意:——据说韩国的孩子们在晚上不得不徒步旅行,穿过高山_________ 他们的军事训练。——真的吗?这么说他们的训练要比我们的更艰苦得多。after 在……之后;since自从……以来;during在……期间;before在……之前。根据“their training is much harder”可知是指“在军训期间艰苦行军”。故选C。 13. B 【解析】考查介词用法。句意:这里的学生经常以小组的形式进行物理实验。“(表示手段、方法、材料)用,以”用介词in。选择B。 14. A 考查介词词义辨析。句意:——我渴了。我想要一杯橙汁。你呢,安迪?——我更想要一杯什么都不加的茶。由句意知,这里说的是“什么都不含的茶”。故选A。 15. A考查介词的用法。句意:在星期六我通常打篮球来放松自己。在星期之前要用介词on。故选A。 16. D【解析】考查介词的用法辨析。句意:现在越来越多的青岛人乘坐地铁上班了。表示“乘坐……交通工具”用by+交通工具名称。故选D。 17. C 考查介词词义辨析。句意:我们班相当有把握战胜三班而赢得这次篮球赛。表“迎战……”用介词against。故选C。 18. B 考查介词辨析。句意:尼尔·阿姆斯特朗是第一位在1969年7月20日在月球上行走的人。“20 July 1969”具体到某一天,应用介词“on”。故选B。 19. C 考查介词的用法。句意:在四月二十三日,你读了你最喜欢的书了吗?那天是世界读书日。在具体某一天前用介词on。故选C。 20. B 考查介词的用法。句意:《我是歌手》这个节目现在在学生中很流行。他们经常在课间谈论它。be popular with sb意为“在某人中很流行”,是固定搭配,故选B。 21. A【解析】考查介词的词义辨析。句意:在照片中,他坐在我的旁边,看起来很开心。beside意为“在……旁边”,among意为“在……之中”,up意为“向上”,through意为“穿过;通过”;这里表示在某人的旁边,选用beside。故选A。 22. A 考查介词的用法。句意:——请问你们学校有电脑室吗?——是的,它在第五楼。在表示地点、位置时,on主要指在某物的表面,in指在某一空间或范围里,at表示在某一点的位置。故选A。 23. C 考查介词的用法。句意:由于被巨大的噪音吓着了,兔子们向四面八方跑去。in all directions意为“四面八方”,是固定搭配。故选C。 24. A 考查介词。第一空是固定搭配,at noon在中午;第二空后面1:00是具体某一时刻,用介词at,故答案选A。 25. C 考查介词用法。句意:—你在干嘛?—我正在寻找孩子们。他们应该回来吃午饭了。 look after“照顾”,look at “看”,look for “寻找”,look up“查阅”。故选C。 PAGE 6 专题四 形容词 1.(2018·深圳12.)—The piano lessons are too hard for me. I nearly give up. —You should be____. I believe you'll make it. A. careful B. helpful C. patient 2. (2018·广东省39.)—What do you think of the movie Operation Red Sea? —Wonderful. I’ve never seen a movie than it. A. more excited B. more exciting C. most excited D. most exciting 3. (2018·海南中考30.) Lucy is a/an_____ girl. She always helps others when they are in trouble. A. upset B. weak C. kind 4.(2018·海南中考35.)Li Lei’s mother________ him because he went out to play in the rain. A. was angry with B. was pleased with C. was proud of 5. (2018·河北28.) This dog looks ______. It’s wearing red shoes. A. clever B. brave C. funny D. careful 6. (2018·襄阳30.) Great changes have taken place in Xiangyang. We are all _______the achievements. A. known as B. proud of C. similar to D. good with 7. (2018?河南中考29.) —Why don’t you get yourself a job? —That’s _____ said than done. A. easy B. easier C. the easier D. the easiest 8. (2018·湘潭25.)—Mum, I’d like a cup of coffee. —Dear, why not drink some water? It’s than coffee. A. healthy B. healthier C. the healthiest 9. (2018·山西24.) Whoever he is, a common man can be called a _______ hero when he is admired by us for doing something brave or good. A. real B. smart C. perfect 10. (2018?上海中考32.)The bridge between the two islands is _______ one in Shanghai. A)long B) longer C)longest D)the longest 11.(2018?上海中考37.)Old Mr. Green doesn't feel_____because some students visit him regularly. A. sadly B.gently C. lonely D.angrily 12. (2018·襄阳29.)—Do you like this new kind of mobile phone, madam? —Yes. But it’s too __________, and I can’t afford it. A. popular B. lovely C. cheap D. expensive 13. (2018·襄阳36.)High-speed railways have developed rapidly in our country. Today China has ______high-speed rail network(铁路网) among all the countries in the world. A. long B. longer C. the longer D. the longest 14.(2018·广西桂林33.)My sister is?______?than me. A. thin B. thinner C. thinnest 15. (2018·北京中考6.)Tony is ______ of the three boys, but he is the tallest. A.young B. younger C. is reading D. has read 16. (2018福建A卷28.) —How ________! There are no workers in the bank. —It’s the first self-service bank in China. A. strange B. scary C. boring 17. (2018·滨州30.) —Home is __________ place wherever you go. —Yes. There’s no place like home. A. warm B. warmer C. warmest D. the warmest 18. (2018·东营35.) —Look, how wonderful this paper-cutting is! —So it is. Paper cutting is a/ an _______ Chinese art with a long history. A. common B. modern C. important D. traditional 19. (2018·南充23.)—I think that Eric writes as as Betty. —So he does. A. more careful B. more carefully C. most carefully D. carefully 20. (2018·重庆A25.)The show was so_________ that I couldn't stop laughing. A. sad B. terrible C. funny D. serious 21.(2018·青岛中考11.)Mount Lao is one of ______ mountains in Qingdao. Many tourists like climbing it every year. A. famous B. the more famous C. most famous D. the most famous 22. (2018·青岛中考13.)As students, we should ______ ourselves. We can’t spend much time playing computer games. A. be responsible for B. be proud of C. be popular with D. be thankful to 23. (2018·安徽40.)The speaker showed some _______ examples to make the science report easy to understand. A. awful B. stupid C. proper D. thick 24. (2018·南京5.) “Reading Pavilion”,which entered Luhe Library this spring, has made it ________ for the citizens to experience the pleasure of reading than before. A. easy B. easier C easily D. more easily 25. (2018·临沂22.) Of all the blue holes in the world, Sansha Yongle Blue Hole in the South China Sea is now _______. It is 300.89 meters deep. A. deeper B. very deep C. as deep as D. the deepest 26. (2018成都中考38.)—Mary, do you prefer weekdays or weekends? —Of course weekdays. Because I'm_______on weekends. A. busy B. much busier C. the busiest 27. (2018·德阳26.)China has population in the world. A. Big B. the bigger C. the biggest D. biggest 28. (2018·天津25.) Tianjin is one of_________ cities in China. A. big B. biggest C. the biggest D. the bigger 29.(2018·重庆B卷31.)My math teacher lives an active life. She looks as _____ as she was ten years ago. A. young B. younger C. the youngest D. youngest 30.(2018·邵阳26.) Guangzhou is one of _______ cities in China. A. the biggest B. big C. bigger 31. (2018·长沙23.)—Do the twins look the same? —No, Jane is_____ taller than Claire. A. little B. more C. a little 32. (2018·苏州4.) He was advised to eat fewer hamburgers and drink cola to keep fit. A. much B. more C. fewer D. less 33. (2018·凉山32.)Of all the subjects, chemistry seems to be for me. A. difficult B. too difficult C. more difficult D. the most difficult 34. (2018·武汉中考33.) We experienced a few moments as we waited to hear the results of the test. A. pleasant B. anxious C. hopeful D. disappointing 参考答案 1. C 考查语境分析&词义辨析。句意:——钢琴课对于我来说太难了。我几乎要放弃了。——你应该有耐心。我相信你会做到的。 A项表示“细心的”; B项表示“有帮助的”; C项表示“耐心的”。根据句意可知选C。 2. B考查形容词。句意:——你认为电影《红海行动》怎么样?——非常棒!我还从来没有看过如此激动人心的电影。题干中的than为比较级的标志词,排除C.D选项;“激动人心的电影”,修饰物,故用exciting。故选B。 3. C 【解析】考查形容词辨析。由答语后半句“她总是帮助那些有困难的人”,可推断露西是一个热心的女孩。upset“不安的”;weak“弱的”;kind“热心的;和蔼的”。故选C。 4. A【解析】考查短语辨析。由because引导的原因状语从句“因为他雨天出去玩了”,可判断妈妈生气。be angry with“生某人的气”;be pleased with“为某人感到高兴”;be proud of“为某人感到骄傲”。故选A。 5. C 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:这条狗看起来很有趣,它正穿着一双红鞋。Clever 聪明的; brave勇敢的;?funny有趣的;?careful认真的。根据后一分句可知,应是狗穿着红鞋很有趣。故选C。 6. B 考查形容词短语词义辨析。 句意:在襄阳,发生了巨大的变化。我们都以这样的成就而自豪。be known as 以……而闻名;be proud of以……而自豪; be similar to 与……相似;be good with “对……友好” 此处发生了如此大的变化,人们应该“自豪”。故选B。 7. B 【解析】考查形容词的比较级。句意:——你为什么不找份工作呢?——说起来容易做起来难。有标志词than,句子应用比较级,故选B。 8. B 考查形容词比较级的用法。—句意:妈妈,我想要一杯咖啡。—亲爱的,为什么不喝些水呢? 它比咖啡更健康。than表“比”是比较级的标志词,故答案为healthier。 9. A 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:无论他是谁,当他因为做了一些勇敢的或是好的事情被我们钦佩时,就算是一个普通人都可以被称之为真英雄。real真正的;smart聪明的;perfect完美的。英雄不一定是伟人,即便普通人做了勇敢的事、好事,也一样是英雄,故选 A。 10. D【解析】考查形容词的用法。句意:这两座岛屿之间的桥梁是上海最长的一座。根据句意可知此处用形容词最高级,且最高级前面有冠词the修饰。 11. C【解析】考查副词的用法。句意:老格林先生并不感到孤独,因为一些学生经常去看望他。根据句意并运用逻辑推断可知,经常有学生来探望,那一定是不感到孤独,故选C。 12. D 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:——妈妈,你喜欢这种手机吗?——是的,但是,它太贵了,我支付不起。popular 受欢迎的;lovely可爱的;cheap便宜的;expensive昂贵的。由后句can’t afford“付不起”可提示,应该是太贵。故选D。 13. D考查形容词用法。句意:在我们国家,高速公路已经迅速发展。现在,中国已经拥有世界上最长的铁路网。among表示三者以上,所以要用最高级。故选D。 14. B考查形容词比较等级。句意:我姐姐比我瘦。根据句中的介词than表“比”可知应用比较级,故选B。 15. D【解析】考查形容词比较等级辨析。根据of the three boys判断,三者以上比较用最高级;最高级形式前用定冠词the。故选D。 16 A 考查形容词辨析。句意:—真奇怪!这家银行里没有工作人员。—这是中国第一家自助银行。strange奇怪的,scary可怕的,恐怖的,boring无聊的。根据句意,可知空白处意为“奇怪的”。故选A。 17. D 考查形容词最高级。句意:——无论你什么时候回去,家是最温暖的地方。——是的。再没有地方象家一样了。由后句与其他所有地方相比,应该暗含最高级。故选D。 18.D【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意:——瞧,这张剪纸是多么的精致啊!——它的确不错。剪纸是一门________的中国艺术,有着悠久的历史。common普通的;modern现代化的;important重要的;traditional传统的。根据“with a long history”可判断这里表示剪纸是中国“传统的”民间艺术。故选D。 19. D考查形容词和副词的辨析。句意:—我认为Eric和Betty写得一样认真。—他的确如此。根据句中的“as______as”可知,此空应填一个形容词或副词原级;而句中的“write”表明是动词,故用副词来修饰。故选D。 20. C考查形容词词义的辨析。句意:这个节目那么有趣以至于我忍不住笑了。sad悲伤的;terrible可怕的;funny有趣的;serious严肃的,认真的。故选C。 21 D【解析】考查形容词的最高级。句意:崂山是青岛最著名的山脉之一。每年都有许多游客喜欢爬崂山。one of的固定用法是:one of+ the+形容词最高级+名词复数,表示“最……之一”。故选D。 22. A【解析】考查形容词的固定搭配。句意:作为学生,我们应该为自己负责。我们不能花费太多时间玩电脑游戏。 be responsible for“对……负责”; be proud of“以……而自豪”;be popular with“受……欢迎”; be thankful to“感谢……”。与后文We can’t spend much time playing computer games.句意搭配的只有 be responsible for。故选A。 23. C 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:这个说话者列举了一些恰当的实例以使得其科学报告容易理解。awful可怕的;stupid愚蠢的;proper合适的;thick厚的。根据语境知选C。 24. B 考查形容词比较级。句意:今年春天进入六合图书馆的“读书亭”,让市民比以前更享受读书的乐趣。根据“than before”可知应用比较级,故排除A和C?

    • 二轮复习/专题资料
    • 2019-06-25
    • 下载6次
    • 8079KB
    • 21jy_024008214
  • ID:4-5954129 【教学参考】浙江省宁波市2019年中考英语命题意图

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    【教学参考】 2019年宁波市中考英语命题意图 一、立足“课标”,全面考查,指向学科核心素养 ????2019年的宁波市初中英语学业水平考试试卷题型及分值延续2018年不变,采用听力口语自动化测试(人机对话)和笔试(闭卷形式)两部分,满分120分。其中听力、口语25分,笔试95分。试卷结构合理,考查全面,有利于培养学生听说读写综合语言运用能力。整卷试题设置立足《课标》和《考试说明》,难易度与教科书内容相适应,把学生正常学习状态达到的水平作为命题的主要参考依据。试卷选用语篇多来自英语国家的原版材料,体裁多样,语言地道,文字优美流畅。这种不死扣教材知识点的全面考查,对当下英语教学有着较强的反拨和导向作用,能较好地推动传统课堂教学改革,有利于学科核心素养的养成。 二、突出语篇,注重能力,实现思维品质检测 ????试卷突出语篇意识,注重能力考查,在完形填空、阅读理解与语法填空的考查中,都需要学生通读语篇,充分运用上下文进行分析、判断、推理、概括、预测等解题策略。尤其在四篇阅读理解试题的编排中,除了考查对文本细节的理解之外,今年更多的是从文章主旨大意、理解指代、词义猜测、逻辑推理、写作意图、文本基调等方面来考查学生对文本整体的深度解读能力,题目设计巧妙。这种关注高阶思维能力的题目编制,实现了从对文本表层理解的考查向阅读技能、策略的考查的转变,努力实现思维品质的有效检测。 三、依托文化,体现交际,促进人文素养提升 ????试卷选材语料丰富,依托文化,体现语言的交际功能。在弘扬祖国文化的同时,带领学生放眼世界,了解历史,共享人类文明成果。从词汇运用中的分享、丝绸、传统文化传播、绿色环保的垃圾分类以及中国的茶文化,到完形填空的外国名人轶事、A篇阅读的诗歌欣赏,再到C篇阅读的英美“猪之战”历史,让学生在领略世界文化的同时?,既感受到语言交际功能的价值,又为语言能力的发展积蓄丰富的资源,促进人文素养提升。 四、基于生活,紧扣时代,发挥考试育人功能 ????试题命制充分体现生活性和时代性,话题贴近当前的社会生活实际。B篇阅读谈了人生幸福的源泉是让别人幸福,D篇阅读的大数据时代、语法填空的人生哲理趣味小故事以及任务型阅读的健身锻炼,都给学生传递着一种生活的正能量,初中生正处于情感态度与价值观形成的关键时期,试题从正面对他们进行积极的引导,体现试题的育人功能,做到考试即学习,学习知识,学习做人。 五、以生为本,适度开放,尊重学生个体差异 2019年的主观试题依然突出两个关键词:选择性和开放性。20分的书面表达题为回顾三年初中生活中难忘的人或事,在临近毕业之际用英语对某人写一封表达谢意或歉意的信,信的格式、表达谢意或歉意的部分词汇已给出。两个写作任务都具有真实的语用目的,符合学生的生活实际,有选择性地进行写作,有利于表达他们真实的观点。题目提供了一定的写作框架,指向明确,任务清晰,清除了学生的审题障碍,让学生能专注于写作策略的运用和写作任务的完成,为中下游学生降低了写作难度。但同时,没有完全限定具体内容,又为写作水平高的学生留出发挥的空间。这样的适度开放,既体现以人为本,尊重学生的个性差异,又让书面表达回归到了交流和表达的实用功能。

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-5947456 2019年中考热点英语作文

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它









    1,沉迷网络游戏李华沉迷于电脑游戏中,影响了学习。作为他的好朋友,你打算怎么帮他呢?请用下面所给的提示词写一篇不少于80字的短文
    。优秀范文:Li Hua spent too much time playing computer games and he fell behind others. As a good friend of his, I must do something to help him. Firstly, I think it’s very important for him to learn lessons well. He should spend most of his time on his study instead of computer games. Secondly, I must tell him that playing computer games too much is bad for his health, especially for his eyes. So he must give it up. I can play more sports with him after school. Maybe he will become more interested in sports than computer games. And then I'll ask him to concentrate more on his study. Of course, I will try my best to help him with all his subjects. I think I can do it in many fun ways and let him find much fun in studying. At the same time, I'll ask both his parents and our teachers to help him, too. If I try these, I'm sure he will make great progress soon.

    2,是否应该帮助陌生人最近,你们班就“是否应该帮助陌生人”展开了讨论,同学们就这一话题意见不一,你的看法如何?根据所提供的信息,以“Should We Help Strangers?”为题,写一篇短文。赞成:帮助他人是美德;帮助他人就是帮助自己;反对:怕陷入麻烦;怕被误解;你的观点?(至少两点)
    优秀范文:Should We Help Strangers? Recently our class had a discussion about whether we should help strangers.Different students have different opinions. Some think we should try to help strangers. Helping others is a virtue,and helping others is helping ourselves.We may come across some trouble and need others help some day.If everyone isn't willing to help us just because we are strangers to them,it's hard to imagine what our world will be like. However,some are afraid that helping others can sometimes bring us trouble.Sometimes we are just misunderstood and even have to pay the cost of kindness.In my opinion,we should try our best to help others when they are in need of help,but we should also protect ourselves from getting into trouble.If everyone tries a little kindness,our world will be full of love.

    3,毕业感想
    初中生活马上就要结束了,三年的初中生活一定给你留下了很多挥之不去的回忆。请你给大家讲一个最值得你回忆的故事。包括时间、人物、事情经过和事后你的感想(请不要写出真实的学校名称以及真实姓名)。
    优秀范文:
    How time flies! I have studied in my school for three years. And I will graduate from middle school in a month. I am eager to share my happiness and sadness with you.
    I had so many memories in three years’ life. One of them impressed me very much. I still remember, when I began to learn English, I found it too difficult. No matter how hard I tried, I still couldn’t do well in it and almost gave it up. As soon as my English teacher found my problem, she had a talk with me about how to learn English well. Since then, she has kept helping me. Little by little, I’ve become interested in English and I’m good at it. I think I am so lucky to become one of her students. I’ve learned a lot from her.
    I will try to help others when they are in trouble. I think it is a happy thing to help others.

    4,现在我们周围的环境污染越来越严重。作为一个中学生,我们应节约资源,保护环境,从我们身边的小事做起,做一个“低碳生活”的中学生。请以“My Low--carbon Life”为题,写一篇短文描述自己的“低碳生活”。
    内容包括:1.地球的污染越来越严重,我们能看到森林被砍伐、水污染和空气污染。 2.你是怎样从身边小事做起,做到“低碳生活”的。如:每天步行上学、离开教室及时关灯和电扇、充分利用纸张、节约用水等。3.号召更多的人加入到“低碳生活”中来。
    My Low--carbon Life
    The environmental pollution is worse and worse today. Many trees are cut down, and water and air are polluted. As a student I try to have a low-carbon life to save energy and reduce pollution.
    Firstly, I often walk to school. It can reduce air pollution. Secondly, I
    always turn off the lights and fans when leaving the classroom. Thirdly, I always make full use of paper and other school things and never waste water.
    I wish more students to join me and make the earth more and more
    beautiful.

    5,灿烂星空,谁是真的英雄?”做出惊天动地业绩的人是英雄,为追求真理献出生命的人是英雄,在平凡岗位上默默奉献的人是英雄……   
    从上面信息卡中选择一位英雄,以The Hero in My Heart为题写一篇短文。要求:①包含所选信息卡上的内容;②适当拓展,如学英雄的感想、行动等;③不能出现表明你身份的信息;④词数80左右,不含已给出部分。
    The Hero in My Heart
    As we know, most people have heroes in their hearts. For me, Dr Norman Bethune is the hero in my heart. He was a great doctor from Canada. Dr Bethune was good at performing operations. And taking photos was his hobby. In 1938, he came to China. He opened hospitals and invented medical tools. He worked so hard that he saved thousands of Chinese people. He didn’t stop to take care of his own injured hand and died.
    I am deeply moved by his stories. So I’ll work hard today and do my best to help others.
    【优秀满分范文2】
    The Hero in My Heart
    As we know, most people have heroes in their hearts. For me, Liu Xiang is the hero in my heart. He is a famous Chinese sportsman.
     Liu Xiang is good at running. In 2004, he won his first Olympic gold medal in the men,s 110m hurdles event in Athens. Then, he set a world record in the same event in Lausanne. Besides training and taking part in competitions, Liu Xiang also likes singing and he sings well. With his hard work, he is winning competitions one after another. This encourages me to study harder from now on

    6,你喜欢阅读吗?请你以 “Reading---A good Habit” 为题写一篇有关阅读的短文。
     内容包括:
    1.你的阅读习惯(喜欢的书籍、阅读的时间地点、购书方式等等)。
    2. 阅读带给你什么益处(至少两点)。
    3. 号召大家都读书
    Reading---A good Habit
     Reading is a very good habit. I like reading very much. In my eyes, I think that forming a good reading habit is necessary for us. It can not only improve our knowledge but also make us to think over more different things efficiently.
     Besides, we can do some reading every time when we are free. For example, I often read some of my favorite books in my spare time both at home or in the library. What I like most are story books because most of them are quite interesting. Now I often buy my favorite books on line for its big discount.
     Finally, I like to share my favorite books with our family or my classmates. Since reading can benefits us a lot, it’s time for us to have our good reading habit now!
    .
    7,从浪费谈节约
     假如你是李华,在生活中你看到过各种浪费现象,比如:浪费时间、浪费食物、浪费资源等等。为了培养同学们的节约意识,学校和某英文网站共同以“节约×××”为题征文。请你用英语写一篇短文投稿,谈谈生活中应该节约的某种东西,为什么应该节约它以及如何节约。
    提示词语:population, limit, time, reuse, call on
    提示问题:
    What should we save?
    Why should we save it?
    What do we usually do to save it?
    经典范文:
    In my point of view, all of us should save water. People can't live without water. But the real situation is that the shortage of water is becoming a serious problem in many parts of the world due to growing population and the pollution of the rivers and lakes. To deal with the water problem, we can do something to avoid wasting water in our life. Firstly, we should remember to reuse water. For example, the water left over after washing vegetables can be used to water plants or to clean the floor. Secondly, we had better limit our shower time. Also, we can call on more people to save water in different ways.
     In short, water holds great value to human beings. Let's do as much as we can to save water.

    88关于校园暴力
    School is not only a place we can learn something, but also is a small society. "School violence"(校园暴力) is a popular word in the school during these years. And school violence have many influence for us too. Many of us suffer from bully(欺凌弱小者) of school-bullies nowadays.
    So, boycott(联合抵制) school violence is what everyone in school should do. Teachers should have a sense of responsibility and carefully found the things which happened in your students and then timely educate and protect them. As we should have a sense of judgement and also have a heart of fighting against with evil(邪恶,罪恶). Don't be feared, it just like a spring, if you are weak , it will be strong , if you are strong it will be weak.
    I think if we unite together to fight against with evil. The school will be peaceful and harmonious again!

    每一个人,每一个国家,都拥有梦想。“中国梦”是目前最热的话题。作为中学生,你是如何理解中国梦的?你的中国梦是什么呢?为实现你的梦想,你将怎么做呢?假设你叫李红(Li Hong),请以“My Dream”为题,写一篇不少于100词的英语短文。
    要求:1. 条理清楚,有表明自己观点的句子。
    2. 书写工整,句式规范,标点符号和大小写使用正确。
    3. 短文中应尽量包括提示内容,可适当发挥,但不能出现真实的人名、地名。
    4. 参考词汇:China dream,come true ,achieve one’s dreams., give up, hold on to, make up of
    【优秀满分范文】
    My Dream
    Everyone has his dreams. As young students, we have many kinds of dreams. These dreams are our China dreams. The dreams can be very big, and they can also be small. In fact , a big dream is made up of many small dreams.
    I also have a dream. I dream of becoming a great scientist. From now on, I have to study hard to achieve my dream. I must learn as much as I can. When I meet any difficulty, I won’t give it up , I must get it over .
    I’m sure it’s very important to dream,. Some dreams are more realistic, others are not. No matter what our dreams are, we should hold on to them, they can just come true one day.

    关于世界和平
    I believe everyone is eager for comfortable, peaceful life and hating wars. So the United Stations decide to set up an International Day of peace. It falls on the third Tuesday of September every year, aiming at celebrating the day that the global realize ceasefires and non-violence. Its symbol is a flying dove. It represents peace. This festival is the day for people from all walks o

    • 三轮冲刺/综合资料
    • 2019-06-13
    • 下载39次
    • 69KB
    • 疾风2009