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  • ID:4-5954129 【教学参考】浙江省宁波市2019年中考英语命题意图

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    【教学参考】 2019年宁波市中考英语命题意图 一、立足“课标”,全面考查,指向学科核心素养 ????2019年的宁波市初中英语学业水平考试试卷题型及分值延续2018年不变,采用听力口语自动化测试(人机对话)和笔试(闭卷形式)两部分,满分120分。其中听力、口语25分,笔试95分。试卷结构合理,考查全面,有利于培养学生听说读写综合语言运用能力。整卷试题设置立足《课标》和《考试说明》,难易度与教科书内容相适应,把学生正常学习状态达到的水平作为命题的主要参考依据。试卷选用语篇多来自英语国家的原版材料,体裁多样,语言地道,文字优美流畅。这种不死扣教材知识点的全面考查,对当下英语教学有着较强的反拨和导向作用,能较好地推动传统课堂教学改革,有利于学科核心素养的养成。 二、突出语篇,注重能力,实现思维品质检测 ????试卷突出语篇意识,注重能力考查,在完形填空、阅读理解与语法填空的考查中,都需要学生通读语篇,充分运用上下文进行分析、判断、推理、概括、预测等解题策略。尤其在四篇阅读理解试题的编排中,除了考查对文本细节的理解之外,今年更多的是从文章主旨大意、理解指代、词义猜测、逻辑推理、写作意图、文本基调等方面来考查学生对文本整体的深度解读能力,题目设计巧妙。这种关注高阶思维能力的题目编制,实现了从对文本表层理解的考查向阅读技能、策略的考查的转变,努力实现思维品质的有效检测。 三、依托文化,体现交际,促进人文素养提升 ????试卷选材语料丰富,依托文化,体现语言的交际功能。在弘扬祖国文化的同时,带领学生放眼世界,了解历史,共享人类文明成果。从词汇运用中的分享、丝绸、传统文化传播、绿色环保的垃圾分类以及中国的茶文化,到完形填空的外国名人轶事、A篇阅读的诗歌欣赏,再到C篇阅读的英美“猪之战”历史,让学生在领略世界文化的同时?,既感受到语言交际功能的价值,又为语言能力的发展积蓄丰富的资源,促进人文素养提升。 四、基于生活,紧扣时代,发挥考试育人功能 ????试题命制充分体现生活性和时代性,话题贴近当前的社会生活实际。B篇阅读谈了人生幸福的源泉是让别人幸福,D篇阅读的大数据时代、语法填空的人生哲理趣味小故事以及任务型阅读的健身锻炼,都给学生传递着一种生活的正能量,初中生正处于情感态度与价值观形成的关键时期,试题从正面对他们进行积极的引导,体现试题的育人功能,做到考试即学习,学习知识,学习做人。 五、以生为本,适度开放,尊重学生个体差异 2019年的主观试题依然突出两个关键词:选择性和开放性。20分的书面表达题为回顾三年初中生活中难忘的人或事,在临近毕业之际用英语对某人写一封表达谢意或歉意的信,信的格式、表达谢意或歉意的部分词汇已给出。两个写作任务都具有真实的语用目的,符合学生的生活实际,有选择性地进行写作,有利于表达他们真实的观点。题目提供了一定的写作框架,指向明确,任务清晰,清除了学生的审题障碍,让学生能专注于写作策略的运用和写作任务的完成,为中下游学生降低了写作难度。但同时,没有完全限定具体内容,又为写作水平高的学生留出发挥的空间。这样的适度开放,既体现以人为本,尊重学生的个性差异,又让书面表达回归到了交流和表达的实用功能。

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  • ID:4-5947456 2019年中考热点英语作文

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它









    1,沉迷网络游戏李华沉迷于电脑游戏中,影响了学习。作为他的好朋友,你打算怎么帮他呢?请用下面所给的提示词写一篇不少于80字的短文
    。优秀范文:Li Hua spent too much time playing computer games and he fell behind others. As a good friend of his, I must do something to help him. Firstly, I think it’s very important for him to learn lessons well. He should spend most of his time on his study instead of computer games. Secondly, I must tell him that playing computer games too much is bad for his health, especially for his eyes. So he must give it up. I can play more sports with him after school. Maybe he will become more interested in sports than computer games. And then I'll ask him to concentrate more on his study. Of course, I will try my best to help him with all his subjects. I think I can do it in many fun ways and let him find much fun in studying. At the same time, I'll ask both his parents and our teachers to help him, too. If I try these, I'm sure he will make great progress soon.

    2,是否应该帮助陌生人最近,你们班就“是否应该帮助陌生人”展开了讨论,同学们就这一话题意见不一,你的看法如何?根据所提供的信息,以“Should We Help Strangers?”为题,写一篇短文。赞成:帮助他人是美德;帮助他人就是帮助自己;反对:怕陷入麻烦;怕被误解;你的观点?(至少两点)
    优秀范文:Should We Help Strangers? Recently our class had a discussion about whether we should help strangers.Different students have different opinions. Some think we should try to help strangers. Helping others is a virtue,and helping others is helping ourselves.We may come across some trouble and need others help some day.If everyone isn't willing to help us just because we are strangers to them,it's hard to imagine what our world will be like. However,some are afraid that helping others can sometimes bring us trouble.Sometimes we are just misunderstood and even have to pay the cost of kindness.In my opinion,we should try our best to help others when they are in need of help,but we should also protect ourselves from getting into trouble.If everyone tries a little kindness,our world will be full of love.

    3,毕业感想
    初中生活马上就要结束了,三年的初中生活一定给你留下了很多挥之不去的回忆。请你给大家讲一个最值得你回忆的故事。包括时间、人物、事情经过和事后你的感想(请不要写出真实的学校名称以及真实姓名)。
    优秀范文:
    How time flies! I have studied in my school for three years. And I will graduate from middle school in a month. I am eager to share my happiness and sadness with you.
    I had so many memories in three years’ life. One of them impressed me very much. I still remember, when I began to learn English, I found it too difficult. No matter how hard I tried, I still couldn’t do well in it and almost gave it up. As soon as my English teacher found my problem, she had a talk with me about how to learn English well. Since then, she has kept helping me. Little by little, I’ve become interested in English and I’m good at it. I think I am so lucky to become one of her students. I’ve learned a lot from her.
    I will try to help others when they are in trouble. I think it is a happy thing to help others.

    4,现在我们周围的环境污染越来越严重。作为一个中学生,我们应节约资源,保护环境,从我们身边的小事做起,做一个“低碳生活”的中学生。请以“My Low--carbon Life”为题,写一篇短文描述自己的“低碳生活”。
    内容包括:1.地球的污染越来越严重,我们能看到森林被砍伐、水污染和空气污染。 2.你是怎样从身边小事做起,做到“低碳生活”的。如:每天步行上学、离开教室及时关灯和电扇、充分利用纸张、节约用水等。3.号召更多的人加入到“低碳生活”中来。
    My Low--carbon Life
    The environmental pollution is worse and worse today. Many trees are cut down, and water and air are polluted. As a student I try to have a low-carbon life to save energy and reduce pollution.
    Firstly, I often walk to school. It can reduce air pollution. Secondly, I
    always turn off the lights and fans when leaving the classroom. Thirdly, I always make full use of paper and other school things and never waste water.
    I wish more students to join me and make the earth more and more
    beautiful.

    5,灿烂星空,谁是真的英雄?”做出惊天动地业绩的人是英雄,为追求真理献出生命的人是英雄,在平凡岗位上默默奉献的人是英雄……   
    从上面信息卡中选择一位英雄,以The Hero in My Heart为题写一篇短文。要求:①包含所选信息卡上的内容;②适当拓展,如学英雄的感想、行动等;③不能出现表明你身份的信息;④词数80左右,不含已给出部分。
    The Hero in My Heart
    As we know, most people have heroes in their hearts. For me, Dr Norman Bethune is the hero in my heart. He was a great doctor from Canada. Dr Bethune was good at performing operations. And taking photos was his hobby. In 1938, he came to China. He opened hospitals and invented medical tools. He worked so hard that he saved thousands of Chinese people. He didn’t stop to take care of his own injured hand and died.
    I am deeply moved by his stories. So I’ll work hard today and do my best to help others.
    【优秀满分范文2】
    The Hero in My Heart
    As we know, most people have heroes in their hearts. For me, Liu Xiang is the hero in my heart. He is a famous Chinese sportsman.
     Liu Xiang is good at running. In 2004, he won his first Olympic gold medal in the men,s 110m hurdles event in Athens. Then, he set a world record in the same event in Lausanne. Besides training and taking part in competitions, Liu Xiang also likes singing and he sings well. With his hard work, he is winning competitions one after another. This encourages me to study harder from now on

    6,你喜欢阅读吗?请你以 “Reading---A good Habit” 为题写一篇有关阅读的短文。
     内容包括:
    1.你的阅读习惯(喜欢的书籍、阅读的时间地点、购书方式等等)。
    2. 阅读带给你什么益处(至少两点)。
    3. 号召大家都读书
    Reading---A good Habit
     Reading is a very good habit. I like reading very much. In my eyes, I think that forming a good reading habit is necessary for us. It can not only improve our knowledge but also make us to think over more different things efficiently.
     Besides, we can do some reading every time when we are free. For example, I often read some of my favorite books in my spare time both at home or in the library. What I like most are story books because most of them are quite interesting. Now I often buy my favorite books on line for its big discount.
     Finally, I like to share my favorite books with our family or my classmates. Since reading can benefits us a lot, it’s time for us to have our good reading habit now!
    .
    7,从浪费谈节约
     假如你是李华,在生活中你看到过各种浪费现象,比如:浪费时间、浪费食物、浪费资源等等。为了培养同学们的节约意识,学校和某英文网站共同以“节约×××”为题征文。请你用英语写一篇短文投稿,谈谈生活中应该节约的某种东西,为什么应该节约它以及如何节约。
    提示词语:population, limit, time, reuse, call on
    提示问题:
    What should we save?
    Why should we save it?
    What do we usually do to save it?
    经典范文:
    In my point of view, all of us should save water. People can't live without water. But the real situation is that the shortage of water is becoming a serious problem in many parts of the world due to growing population and the pollution of the rivers and lakes. To deal with the water problem, we can do something to avoid wasting water in our life. Firstly, we should remember to reuse water. For example, the water left over after washing vegetables can be used to water plants or to clean the floor. Secondly, we had better limit our shower time. Also, we can call on more people to save water in different ways.
     In short, water holds great value to human beings. Let's do as much as we can to save water.

    88关于校园暴力
    School is not only a place we can learn something, but also is a small society. "School violence"(校园暴力) is a popular word in the school during these years. And school violence have many influence for us too. Many of us suffer from bully(欺凌弱小者) of school-bullies nowadays.
    So, boycott(联合抵制) school violence is what everyone in school should do. Teachers should have a sense of responsibility and carefully found the things which happened in your students and then timely educate and protect them. As we should have a sense of judgement and also have a heart of fighting against with evil(邪恶,罪恶). Don't be feared, it just like a spring, if you are weak , it will be strong , if you are strong it will be weak.
    I think if we unite together to fight against with evil. The school will be peaceful and harmonious again!

    每一个人,每一个国家,都拥有梦想。“中国梦”是目前最热的话题。作为中学生,你是如何理解中国梦的?你的中国梦是什么呢?为实现你的梦想,你将怎么做呢?假设你叫李红(Li Hong),请以“My Dream”为题,写一篇不少于100词的英语短文。
    要求:1. 条理清楚,有表明自己观点的句子。
    2. 书写工整,句式规范,标点符号和大小写使用正确。
    3. 短文中应尽量包括提示内容,可适当发挥,但不能出现真实的人名、地名。
    4. 参考词汇:China dream,come true ,achieve one’s dreams., give up, hold on to, make up of
    【优秀满分范文】
    My Dream
    Everyone has his dreams. As young students, we have many kinds of dreams. These dreams are our China dreams. The dreams can be very big, and they can also be small. In fact , a big dream is made up of many small dreams.
    I also have a dream. I dream of becoming a great scientist. From now on, I have to study hard to achieve my dream. I must learn as much as I can. When I meet any difficulty, I won’t give it up , I must get it over .
    I’m sure it’s very important to dream,. Some dreams are more realistic, others are not. No matter what our dreams are, we should hold on to them, they can just come true one day.

    关于世界和平
    I believe everyone is eager for comfortable, peaceful life and hating wars. So the United Stations decide to set up an International Day of peace. It falls on the third Tuesday of September every year, aiming at celebrating the day that the global realize ceasefires and non-violence. Its symbol is a flying dove. It represents peace. This festival is the day for people from all walks o

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  • ID:4-5939197 江苏省兴化市新课程理念下中小学英语课内外阅读教学探讨课件(共107张PPT)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    新课程理念下中小学英语 课内外阅读教学探讨 2018.12.21 主要内容 一、中小学英语阅读教学目标 二、中小学阶段阅读类型 三、中小学课内阅读教学目标达成路径 四、中小学课外阅读教学目标达成路径 一、中小学英语阅读教学目标 中小学英语阅读教学的目的是通过阅读,让学生获得有效的语言输入,从而提高语言输出能力。在阅读过程中学生可以进一步巩固与扩展语音、词汇和语法知识,培养语感,提高思维能力,促进听、说和写的能力。其次是通过阅读拓宽学生的视野,使学生的知识面得到增长,从而增强世界意识,形成跨文化交际的意识和基本的交际的能力。教师要注重培养中小学生的阅读意识和阅读习惯,善用阅读教学方法及策略,提高阅读教学的效率,培养学生英语学科的核心素养。 (一)中小学学生必备阅读能力 课标一级 读 1. 能看图识词; 2. 能在指认物体的前提下认读所学词语; 3. 能在图片的帮助下读懂简单的小故事。 课标二级 读 1.能认读所学词语; 2.能根据拼读的规律,读出简单的单词; 3.能读懂教材中简短的要求或指令; 4.能看懂贺卡等所表达的简单信息; 5.能借助图片读懂简单的故事或小短文,并养成按 意群阅读的习惯; 6.能正确朗读所学故事或短文。 课标三、四、五级目标 1.能正确地朗读课文。 2.能理解并执行有关学习活动的简短书面指令。 3.能读懂简单故事和短文并抓住大意。 1.能连贯、流畅地朗读课文。 2.能理解简易读物中的事件发生顺序和人物行为。 3.能从简单的文章中找出有关信息,理解大意。 4.能根据上下文猜测生词的意思。 5.能理解并解释图表提供的信息。 6.能读懂简单的个人信件、说明文等应用文体材料。 1.能根据上下文和构词法推断、理解生词的含义。 2. 能理解段落中各句子之间的逻辑关系。 3.能找出文章中的主题,理解故事的情节,预测故 事情节的发展和可能的结局。 4.能读懂相应水平的常见体裁的读物。 5.能根据不同的阅读目的运用简单的阅读策略获取 信息。 课标三、四、五级目标 4.能初步使用简单的工具书。 5.课外阅读量应累计达到4万词以上。 7.能使用英汉词典等工具书帮助阅读理解。 8.课外阅读量应累计达到10万词以上。 6.能利用词典等工具书进行阅读。 7. 课外阅读量应累计达到15万词以上。 《基于英语学科核心素养的中学英语阅读教学》 张献臣 《中小学外语教学》2018 年第 6 期 课文是教材的核心教学内容,它所承载的功能远超过了语言知识教学和基本的阅读理解教学。课文承载着一个单元的词汇、语法、文化、话题、篇章结构、阅读策略、思维能力、情感态度、审美情趣等各方面的教学功能。所以,阅读教学的目标定位应当是:获取文本信息,培养阅读技能,学习语言知识,发展思维能力,拓展文化视野,培育思想品格,提升人文素养等。 核心素养与阅读教学的关系。 首先,就语言能力方面而言,通过阅读学生可以学习语言知识、学习语篇知识、运用语言知识、培养语言理解能力和培养语感。 其次,文化意识的培养与阅读教学是相辅相成的关系:阅读能拓展学生的文化视野;学习文化能够加深对文本意义的理解;阅读是学生获得中外文化的主要途径。 再者,思维品质与阅读有密切联系。如解读文本内容需要读者的思维参与;解读文本的语言与结构有助于学习英语的思维方式;阅读有助于培养学生的批判性思维、多元思维和创新思维。 学习能力方面,阅读教学能够培养学生的阅读能力。这个能力不是狭隘的仅指阅读技巧,还包括语言解读能力,意义理解能力、信息筛选能力、信息存储能力、阅读速度、理解准确率等方面。 二、中小学阶段阅读类型 (一)初始阶段阅读——认读、朗读、背诵、默读 听说,在听说中熟悉语音语调;认字,掌握拼读 规则和读音规则。在外语学习初始阶段,阅读的过程基 本上是词、词组或句子的字形和声音同时进入大脑,要 过语音关。 小学高年级阶段,让学生读有情节的故事或短文。 随着课文篇幅变长,句型结构变得复杂,需要学点语 法。理解语篇,不能单纯朗读、背诵,而应该训练用眼 睛看,并默读,应侧重对语篇的内容理解。学生必须具 有一定的语篇知识。 (二)后期阶段阅读——默读、快读、精读、泛读 初、高中阅读可精读、泛读结合起来。精读适用于 课堂教学,泛读适用于学生自主学习。 精读课选用教材中较短的课文。课上通过读前、读 中和读后活动,检查学生对课文的理解程度,培养分 析、推理和判断等能力。 泛读是学生培养阅读能力的最重要途径。 泛读的特点:学生可以自主选择适合自己水平和 兴趣的读物,题材和体裁范围广、篇幅长、量大、 生词率低、复现率高、配有注释、难度小,有利于学 生阅读技能的培养和阅读习惯的养成,易于培养语 感,有助于学生的语言输出,即说和写。 三、中小学课内阅读教学目标达成路径 (一)课内阅读教学存在的问题 1. 教学模式: 课堂阅读教学模式单一,语法讲解、句式练习、 词汇解析、逐句翻译等活动占据教学大部分时间, 不重视篇章、内容;忽视 对学生阅读技能、阅读 策略的培养和阅读能力的提高; 2. 阅读层次: 阅读教学止于浅层次理解,学生的学习停留在语 言形式上,而深入不到思想内容,所以难以建立 用英语的观念和习惯,也谈不上文化和语感; 3. 阅读策略: 即便意识到了培养阅读技能的重要性,但对教材 文本研究不足,没有很好地利用教材的文本特质 设计出适合该文本的阅读任务,而是试图用一个 固定模式来应对风格迥异的篇章。 教学观摩课反映出的问题 1.教师对课文的处理过于粗放肤浅,读中活动大多采用快速获取信息的方式,课文内涵未能得到挖掘,文本资源被浪费。 2.读后活动多为讨论、辩论、采访、角色扮演等口头运用活动,很少有针对课文意义和涉及语篇结构的学生写作活动。 3.语言点教学趋于模式化。教师通常抛开课文,逐个创设语境教学课文中的生词、短语、句型等语言知识。在整个阅读教学过程中,课文只充当了信息和语言点的载体,课文教学被演变成快速阅读训练和语言知识点教学。 (二)课内阅读教学模式 1.PWP阅读教学模式 读前教学(pre-reading) 阅读前教学的核心任务是为阅读做准备。 读前的准备主要包括背景式的激活,话题的导入、 任务的介绍、兴趣的激发和语言、策略准备。 在读前阶段可以适当做语言的铺垫和准备。 读中教学(while-reading) 各种阅读能力的培养通过读中阶段教学完成。 从具体信息的识别,到推理能力的培养,再到各种逻辑关系、篇章结构的分析,阅读能力中的知识层面、理解(领会)层面、分析层面一般都在读中阶段完成。 读后教学(post-reading) 读后活动一般侧重知识的应用和综合。读后活动中,学生 要联系自己的实际,运用阅读中获取的信息、感知的词汇和句法、认知的策略或所理解的文化。 2.课内阅读教学层次 阅读层次 教学目标 所对应的阅读阶段 Beat around the bush 引出、诱出、“赶出”话题, 导入新课。激活背景知识, 导入新课,根据课文标题预 测课文的主要内容和框架结构。 Pre-reading Read within the text 关注主要信息,进行信息转换,梳理和简化课文主要内容,便于学生理解、记忆和口头输出。 While-reading Read between the lines 语篇分析,对阅读材料的描写手段,叙事方式,逻辑结构,以及衔接手段进行解破和分析。 While-reading Read beyond the text 整合阅读材料和已有知识结构,突破自己的思维模式,构建新理念,产生新观点。 Post-reading 布鲁姆阅读理解层次结构图 元认知 评价 综合 分析 观点态度信息识别与转述 信息应用 信息识别与转述 语音解码 小学阶段朗读、阅读教学方法 中学阶段阅读教学方法 (三)课内阅读教学目标达成路径 1. 读前教学(pre-reading) Beat around the bush 教师要关注培养学生的预测能力,善于引入文章话题,巧妙地设计任务,激活学生的背景知识,让他们对阅读材料感兴趣,根据文章标题、结构预测阅读文章的主要内容。 在教学中,可借助图片、标题、生词呈现来让学生进行预测,形成主动思考。 中学阶段阅读教学方法 七年级下册 Unit 4 Finding your way Reading A trip to the zoo 九年级上册 Unit 5 Art world Reading Tan Dun’s music 读前活动设计的原则: (1)读前活动要具有目的性和针对性。 (2)读前活动要具有关联性。 导入的内容与新课重点需紧密相关,成为揭示 新旧知识联系的支点。 (3)读前活动要具有直观性和启发性。 (4)读前活动要具有趣味性。 读前活动路径: (1)引出主题,激发学习兴趣。 (2)复习旧知,引出文中新知。 (3)教授词汇,扫除阅读障碍。 (4)介绍文化,激活背景知识。 2. 读中教学(while-reading) 各种阅读能力的培养通过读中阶段教学完成。 (1)理解文本的主旨大意及其细节。 (2)理解句和段落之间的逻辑关系,分析篇章结构。 (3)理解文本的具体事实材料中的一些抽象概念。 (4)理解文本的字面意思及其深层含义,如作者的写作 目的或态度等。 阅读策略的培养活动也属于读中的活动。 读中教学一般由多个教学活动组成,而不是简单的判断正 误、回答问题或图表填充。活动必须具有层次性,从知识到 领会,从分析到评价。 此层次阅读关注文本主要信息,进行信息转换,梳理和简化课文主要内容。 此阅读阶段,要求学生要求学生回答的问题是: What does the author say in the text? 教师可采用多种方法,设计出有效任务,鼓励学生运用 skimming、scanning 等阅读策略,迅速捕捉阅读文章的主要信息或事实。 Read within the text (1)培养基本的阅读技巧,如略读、寻读、预测推理等。 (2)利用主题词、标题或图表等培养查找能力。 (3)培养对文章主要信息或事实获取能力。 (1)培养基本的阅读技巧,如略读、寻读、预测推理等。 (2)利用主题词、标题或图表等培养查找能力。 (3)培养对文章主要信息或事实获取能力。 读者能够正确理解作品,领会作品的意图和交际功能,把握作品的结构,弄清楚作品各部分之间的联系。因此,要引导学生进行语篇分析,基本内容包括:(1)根据上下文猜测词义;(2)语法衔接手段(如照应、替代、省略等)、词汇衔接手段(如复现关系、同现关系)、语义关联、句际关系 (如并列、分解);(3)把握篇章结构;等等。 Read between the lines (1)领会作品的意图等。 (2)根据语境猜测词义。 根据构词法猜测词义 根据上下文猜测词义 利用语境(各种已知信息)推测、判断生词词义可利用以下线索:   针对性解释是作者为了更好的表达思想,在文章中对一些重要的概念、难懂的术语或词汇等所作的解释。这些解释提供的信息具有明确的针对性,利用它们猜词义比较容易。   根据内在逻辑关系推测词义是指运用语言知识分析和判断相关信息之间存在的逻辑关系,然后根据逻辑关系推断生词词义或大致义域。   外部相关因素是指篇章(句子或段落)以外的其他知识。有时仅靠篇章内在逻辑关系无法猜出词义,需要运用生活经验和普通常识确定词义。 (3)通过解读句法或句子结构弄清段落大意等。 Wearing red can also make it easier to take action. One of the most scenic areas is the Loire Valley, where you can visit the old castles in which the kings and queens of France used to live. (4)结合文本特征、篇章结构,理解和把握文本大意。 文本特征指在阅读教学中的文本处理里出现的如标题、小标准、副标题、插图、文本中插入的表格、不同标准的字体和字号、字体颜色、底色等。 不同的文本特征是阅读的辅助手段,尤其在读中活动中,准确分析文本可以帮助学生更有效地处理阅读信息,从而提高阅读速度,增强阅读效果。 文章结构和文体类型 描写文:通过一个人的感觉、听觉、视觉、嗅觉和触觉来描 写所经历的事情、事情发生的地点或当时的情景。 叙述文:通常谈论一件或一系列事情,叙述故事、历史、 传记、新闻和旅游等。 说明文:用来向公众说明一件事或讲解一道工序,其结构 是:第一段指出被说明的对象,下文从不同的角度 来说明。 议论文:为了证明或反对一个观点,采用论据来支持、加强 观点或弱化、反对观点,通常采用“总—分—总” 的结构,即第一段提出中心论点,中间的一段或数 段采用正反方式来论证观点,最后得出结论。 叙述文 描写文 说明文 议论文 理解和把握文本大意 --重在理解,控制产出。产出的目的只在于引导或检测 学生对文本的理解。 --尽量让学生整体阅读,享受阅读过程。教师不要控制 过多,干预过多。 --充分信任学生,给学生提供猜词、推理、发现、归纳、 概括的空间和帮助,发展学生的思维能力,教师不要 总是急于告诉和讲解。 --不要拘泥于某种固定的教学模式,要根据文本体裁和 内容选择或设计合适的教学方法、程序和活动(如三 阶段模式等)。 —— 张伊娜 阅读第一课时教学建议 3. 读后教学(post-reading) 通过读后活动,学生不仅能熟悉和巩固所阅读的文本信息,也能将有形的语言与自身的知识、经历、想像和感受相 结合,将知识进行内化和迁移,促进思维的开发,享受思想的碰撞,同时提高语言运用能力。 有效地读后活动是文本最佳的衍生,是读者与作者产生共鸣的桥梁,是思维积极活动的载体,是创造实践的体现,也是锻炼和提升语言综合运用 的过程。 读后活动的设计依据: (1)以文本为依据。 (2)以学生为主体。 (3)以生活为背景。 Read beyond the text 理解文本后,从阅读材料本身中走出来,站在一个更高的角度,对文章主要内容做出鉴定和判断,同意、赞赏、不同意、贬低还是延缓表态。培养学生的创造性思维和加深对文章的理解和分析能力。可从以下几个方面去做:识别文章功能;识别作者的写作风格;对文本中的观点是否赞同;找出事物的异同点,等等。 常用活动 —对课文内容进一步归纳,讨论。 —根据阅读内容进行各种思维活动;鼓励学生将所阅读的 内容与自己的经历、知识、兴趣和观点联系起来。 —围绕课文内容进行语言交际活动,如缩写/改写/续写、 完形填空、围绕课文内容的记者采访、课文情景下的角 色扮演等。 读后活动范例 (1)对课文内容进一步归纳,以及对话题中心、写作意图、 作者观点、态度等进行讨论。 (2)对语篇结构的分析和讨论。如是线性结构,应注意该文 的时空顺序、主要情节及其发展等;如是层次结构,则 可引导学生寻找主题句、分主题句、用于支撑主题句的 事实等。 (3)围绕课文内容进行言语交际活动。 如缩写、改写、续写课文或其中的一段,对改写后的 短文听写或完形填空,围绕课文内容的记者采访,课文情 景下的角色扮演,关于作者观点的正、反方辩论等。 如果复述课文,最好改变原作者的角色,以课文中不 同角色的口气讲述,以便学生灵活地运用所学语言。 续写故事 围绕课文话题讨论 将诗歌改写成短文 角色扮演(Role Play) 双人或小组活动,教师为参加者分配角色,设置情境,让学生身临其境,以各自身份说话。 复述课文 课文可用来训练独白,由引导式复述逐步进入自由复述。引导方式有:提纲、关键词、图表及图画。 阅读第二课时教学建议 首先把课文中的语言现象学好学透,才有做其他练习的基础,否则,练习就成了无源之水、无本之木。 其次,练习的进行要紧紧围绕课文展开。例如,针对课文中的一个新词做活用练习时,首先要保证学生已经学会原句,还要保证所造出的句子使用的词义与课文中的词义相一致。再比如,让学生复述课文时,要特别强调使用课文中的词、短语和句子。即使是让学生做自由练习时,也要鼓励他们尽可能地使用课文中的语言。 --- 刘润清、崔刚(2008) 1. 学生的阅读量不足。阅读教学仅仅止步于课本, 未补充课外阅读材料,学生阅读范围不够开阔, 课外阅读量达不到《课标》阅读目标的要求。 2. 缺乏课外阅读的具体要求和指导;缺乏行之有 效的过程监控和评价方式。 四、中小学课外阅读教学目标达成路径 (一)课外阅读教学存在的问题 (二)课内外阅读教学的关系 《高中英语阅读教学的问题与对策》 崔刚 “只有把课文教学做好了,让学生具备足够的语言知 识储备,也就是要掌握足够的词汇、句子和语篇知 识,掌握正确的阅读方法,养成良好的阅读习惯, 他们才能够在课后顺利进行泛读训练,这样精读与 泛读之间相互配合,相得益彰,就会很好地实现阅 读教学的目标。” (三)课外阅读教学建议 1. 课外阅读的原则 小 学 (1)选择适合小学生知识水平和心理特点的读物。如童 话、寓言、谜语、小诗、歌谣等。 (2)理解大意。根据阅读的内容,只做一些简单的判断和 回答问题等类型的理解性练习。 (3)加强指导。泛读不做统一要求,以不加重学生学习负 担为原则。对不同水平的学生提供不同程度的读物, 提出不同的要求,加强辅导。 (4)教会学生使用英语词典。教会高年级学生查词典的基 本方法,识别词典中的各种常见符号及根据音标读音 的自学能力。 中 学 (1)必须保证一定的阅读量(课标规定的阅读量是最基 本的要求)。 (2)阅读要保证定时定量,可根据学生的实际情况安排 具体的阅读量,做到循序渐进。将课标三、四、五 级阅读任务(4、10、15万词)细化,规定每天、 每周、每月、每学期、寒暑假、每学年的阅读量。 (3)要养成整体阅读的好习惯。 (4)纠正不良的阅读习惯,如:一遇到生词就求助于词 典;重复阅读看不懂的句子;以单词或词组为单位 阅读,视幅小;心译,即一边读一边翻译。 2.课外阅读材料选用的原则 应根据不同学段学生的学习特点,遵循难易适度、内容适用、多样性、语言真实性等原则,精心选取学生感兴趣的阅读题材,充分调动学生阅读的积极性。 七年级的阅读体裁可主要以记叙文为主,可选取有趣的卡通阅读文、小故事、绘本读物、精悍有趣的小短文等有趣的、贴近学生生活的阅读题材,以激发学生阅读的欲望。 八年级可增大学生的阅读量,并逐步培养学生课外阅读英语的兴趣。推荐一些语言浅显易懂、内容丰富多样的英语课外读物,要求学生写读书文摘。同时,在阅读指导上应侧重逐步培养学生阅读的篇章意识,认识文章结构和中心思想。 九年级的阅读教学应逐步向高中阅读教学靠拢,系统训练学生各种英语阅读微技能。在选材上,可以鼓励学生阅读英语语言国家的报刊、杂志、英文原著。 3. 课外阅读材料的选择 (1)课文教材配套的辅助性材料 (2)报刊杂志书籍等 报刊杂志具有时事性强、涉及内容广泛的特点, 材料新颖,充分体现了语言的活力和时代感,是学生 了解世界的一个重要窗口。学生可以根据自己的兴趣 和阅读需要从中选读有关政治、经济、环保、文化、 教育、科技或体育等方面的内容。 《二十一世纪英文报·中学生版》等 (3)外国文学简写本 (4)多媒体和网络资源 互联网上的大部分信息是以英语作为媒介传播的,国际知名报刊网站发布的时事新闻、政治、经济、社会、文化等方面的材料图文并茂,引人入胜,所用语言是实际生活中的真实反映,为学生学习英语文化知识提供了丰富的资源。 合理地利用网络资源,有选择地阅读这些材料,能够让学生最大限度、最大范围地接触到实际运用中的英语。 (5)对学生阅读加以引导与评价 系统地实践:要求学生有一个固定的阅读时间表和 阅读量。 突出语篇教学, 让学生熟悉篇章类型和文体图式, 学会篇章结构的分析。篇章类型: 说明型 expository type 议论型 argumentative type 描写型 descriptive type 叙事型 narrative type 阅读方法指导 课内课外阅读相结合; 培养阅读意识和习惯; 掌握阅读策略和技能; 提高阅读能力和素养。

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  • ID:4-5922945 初中英语阅读理解技巧及实战训练(猜测词义题)(PPT40张)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它


    初中英语阅读理解技巧及实战训练(猜测词义题)(ppt40张):40张PPT初中阅读理解题技巧
    定义
    分类
    解题技巧
    习题操练
    猜测词义题
    考查指定的词、短语或句子在特定语境中
    表达的具体含义
    什么是猜测词义题?
    设问方式:
    1. The word “…” means ___ in Chinese.
    2. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to "..."
    3. The word “…” could best be replaced (替换) by ______.
    4. In Paragraph 2, the underlined (划线的) word/ sentence “…”
    means/refers to _____.
    ================================================
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    初中英语阅读理解技巧及实战训练(猜测词义题)(ppt40张).pptx

  • ID:4-5919592 [精] 深入浅出讲词汇—中考英语同义词词义辨析和用法讲解 (知识梳理+练习)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 深入浅出讲词汇—中学英语同义词词义辨析和用法讲解 同义词词义辨析和用法讲解是词汇学习的重要内容,遣词造句和写作时要根据上下文和语境选择恰当的词汇,否则就会词不达意,有时还会南辕北辙。本文收集了大量的中学英语常见的同义词,着重从词义辨析和用法的角度逐一阐述,并附有例句、练习与答案。 1、agree to 和agree with 例句: I agree to your plan. 我同意你的计划。 I agree with you. 我同意你的意见。 辨析和讲解: agree to 意为:同意、应允。通常用于同意“提议”、“计划”、“办法”等。后面接事。 agree with 意为:同意、赞同。常表示同某人意见一致或赞同某意见。后面接人。 2、arrive、get 和reach. 例句: He arrived in Washington yesterday. 昨天他到达华盛顿 He got to Washington yesterday. 昨天他到达华盛顿 He reached Washington yesterday. 昨天他到达华盛顿 辨析和讲解: arrive为不及物动词,汉译为“到达、抵达”。后面后宾语,要用at或in。一般到小地方用at,到大城市用in. get为不及物动词。get to =arrive at (or in) 汉译为“到达、抵达”。 reach 是及物动词。reach = get to =arrive at(or in) above 和 over,under 和 below There is a bridge over the river. 河上有座桥。 I want to have a rest under the tree. 我想在树下休息一会儿.。 The plane is flying above the clouds. 飞机在云层中飞行. There is a lake below the mountain. 山下有一个湖. 辨析和讲解: over 表示“正上方”,不接触的上方,under 表示“正下方”。 above 表示“上方”但不必正对着的上方,还可以表示相对的高处。below 表示"在下方",和 above 一样,below 表示在下方的时候,不一定是正下方,还可以是相对的“低处”。 3、be busy (in) doing、be busy with 例句: He is busy with the examination. 他忙于准备考试。 He is busy (in) preparing for the examination. 他忙于准备考试。 辨析和讲解: be busy with 后接名词,意为:忙于某一类工作。 be busy in 后接动名词。意为忙于某项具体的工作。in经常省略。 4、because和because of 例句: They decide to stay at home because the weather was bad. 因为天气坏,他们决定呆在家里。 They decide to stay at home because of the bad weather. 因为坏天气,他们决定呆在家里。 辨析和讲解: because为连接词,后面需接从句。 because of为介词,后面需接名词或名词性质的词,如动名词。 5、because,since和as 例句: He is absent because he is ill. 或 because he is ill,he is absent.她缺席,因为生病了。 Since you insist,I must go. 因为你坚持,我就必须去。 As I am ill, I won’t go. 因为我有病,我将不去了。 辨析和讲解: 1.because语气最强,回答why,一般译为“因为”。由because引导的原因状语从句可放在主句前,也可放在主句后。放在主句前,中间要用逗号。 Since 引导的原因状语从句语气稍弱,一般译为“既然”。as引导的原因状语从句语气更弱,一般译为“由于”。 2.汉语中常说:“因为……所以”,而在英语中because、since和as均不可与so连用。 6、be (get)ready,prepare和prepare for 例句: We were(got)ready. to start.我们准备好了出发。 I didn’t prepare today’s lesson. 我没有准备今天的课。 He prepared for the journey. 他准备旅行。 辨析和讲解: be (get)ready强调准备就绪,表示结果。ready是形容词。 prepare和prepare for均为:“准备”,表示动作和工程。 区别如下: prepare为及物动词,意为“准备……”。 prepare for中的prepare为不及物动词是“为……而做好准备”。 7、be tired of 和 be tired with 例句: I am tired with walking. 我走得累了。 I am tired of walking. 我读书读得厌倦了。 辨析和讲解: be tired with 是“对……而厌倦”。 be tired of 是“因……而疲乏”。 8、before long 和long before 例句: He came back to Shanghai before long. 不久他就回到了上海。 I heard of him long before. 我老早就听说过他。 辨析和讲解: before long=soon 译为:“不久”,或“不久以后”。 long before=a long time ago,译为:“很久以前”或 “老早”。 9、besides和except 例句: I’ll go besides john. 除了约翰去,我也去。 We’ll all go except John..除了约翰。我们都去。 辨析和讲解: besides和except均可译为“除了……之外”,但含义是不同的。besides意为“除了……之外,还有……”,而except则是“除去”。 10、bring 、take和fetch 例句: Take this empty cup away and bring me a cup of tea. 把这只空杯子拿走,给我拿杯茶来。 Fetch me the dictionary. 把那本字典给我拿来。 辨析和讲解: bring译为:“拿来、带来”。表示单程。 take 译为:“拿走、带走” fetch 是“去拿来”表示双程,所以有时译为“取”,即go and bring。 11、borne和born 例句: He was borne by an English woman. 他是一个英国妇女生的 He was born in a poor family. 他生在一个贫穷的家庭。 She has borne two children. 她生了两个孩子。 辨析和讲解: born只用于被动语态,be born 作“出生”、“诞生”讲。 borne可用于完成时态 或被动语态,意为“生育”、“生”。 12、cost、spend和take 例句: The shirt cost me two dollars. 这件衬衫花了我两块钱。 The invention cost me much time. 这项发明花了我很多时间 He spent a lot of money on books every year. 每年他花很多钱买书。 He spent two hours (in) finishing the work. 他用了两个小时做完了这项工作。 He took two hours to finish the work.. 他用了两个小时做完了这项工作。 It took him two hours to finish the work. 他用了两个小时做完了这项工作。 辨析和讲解: Cost的主语一般是人,只可说:It cost me much money. 切不可说:It cost much money to me.也不可变为被动语态,如:I was cost much money. Spend的主语必须是“人”,宾语是“时间”或“金钱”。要用on 接名词或用in(通常省略)接-ing的形式。 take的主语是人,也可用it做它的形式主语,后面经常接双宾语。 13、first和at first 例句: First, you must finish the work..或You must finish the work., First, 你必须先完成这项工作。 There were no schools here at first. 起初,这里没有学校。 辨析和讲解: first是“第一、最先、首先”的意思。同时也有“初次”(即for the first time)的意思。 at first是at the beginning的意思,即“最初”、 “当初”。 find和look for 例句: I’m looking for my watch, but can’t find it. 我在找我的手表,但是找不到。 I found a wallet in the desk. 我在课桌里发现了一个钱包。 辨析和讲解: find和 look for 都有“找”的意思,但含义不同;find译为 “找到”、“发现”,look for 译为“找”、“寻找”。find 强调“找”的结果,而look for 强调“找”的过程。 14、go on doing和go on to do 例句: Let’s go on reading Lesson Ten. 咱们继续读第十课。 Let’s go on to read Lesson Ten. 咱们接着读第十课。 辨析和讲解: go on doing表示某事尚未做完,继续做下去,即继续做原来的事。译为:“继续……”。 go on to do 表示某事已做完,接着做另一件的事。译为:“接着……;进而……”。 go on with 后面接名词。也是“继续……”。 15、go to bed,go to sleep和sleep. 例句: It’s ten o’clock; it’s time for us to go to bed. 十点钟了,我们该睡觉了。 I didn’t go to sleep until five in the morning. 我知道早晨五点钟才入睡。 I sleep eight hours last night. 昨夜我睡了八个小时。 辨析和讲解: 这几个词在英语中均可说成“睡觉”,实际意义是不同的。 go to bed指动作,意为“就寝”,“上床睡觉”。 go to sleep指“入睡”、“进入梦乡”,同义词有be(或fall)asleep。 Sleep 通常作“睡眠”讲,指“睡眠状态”。 16、hard和hardly 例句: We are studying English hard. 我们在努力学习英语。 I can hardly believe it. 我几乎不能相信。 辨析和讲解: hard 做副词时,译为 “努力”。 hardly 是副词,是“几乎不”的意思。本身就含有否定意味。 17、have gone to 和have been to 例句: He isn’t here, he has gone to Shanghai.他不在这儿,已经去上海了。 I have been to Shanghai twice 我去过上海两次。(我已经回来了,不在上海。) 辨析和讲解: have gone to 表示 “去了”,“尚未回来”之意,主语一般是第三人称。 have been to 表示 “到过”、“去过”(某地),或“刚去做过某事,已经回来”。 18、have to 和must 例句: I have to go now. 现在我得走了。 You must work hard at your lessons. 你必须在学习上下功夫。 辨析和讲解: have to 表示 “必须”,在这个意义上与must很接近。但: have to表示客观的需求,意为 “不得不”,另外有更多的时态形式。 must表示说话人的主观看法,译为“必须”。 19、hear和listen,see和look 例句: I listened, but heard nothing. 我听啦,但什么也听不见。 I looked, but saw nothing. 我看过,却什么也看不见。 辨析和讲解: listen 是不及物动词,为有意识的动作,表示用耳朵注意地听。 hear是及物动词,意思是“听见”,“听到”,表示用耳朵听到了。 look一般为不及物动词,是有意识的动作,表示用眼睛看。 see是及物动词,意思是“看到”、 “看见”,表示用眼睛看到了。 hear of 和 hear from 例句: I have heard of him, but never seen him. 我听说过他,但从未见过他。 Let me hear from you soon. 希望你早日给我写信。 辨析和讲解: hear of 后接名词、动名词, 表示间接地听到,译为“听说”、“听到”。如果后面接从句就不要of了。由that引导从句。 hear from 是“接到来信”、“收到来信”的意思。 hung和 hanged 例句: I hung a map of China on the wall. 我把一副中国地图挂在了墙上。 He was hanged in the morning. 他早晨被处决了。 辨析和讲解: 动词hang 的过去式和过去分词有两种形式。过去式和过去分词为hung时,译为“挂”、“悬挂”;而过去式和过去分词为hanged时,译为“把……绞死”。 If和 whether 例句: I wonder if it is large enough. 我不知道它是否足够大。 I wonder whether it is large enough. 我不知道它是否足够大。 Whether we shall go or not has not been decided. 我们去还是不去还没定下来。 She hasn’t decided whether to go or not. 她是否去还没有决定。 辨析和讲解: 1. whether和if都可引导名词从句作宾语从句。表示疑问,译为“是否”。为了强调,whether……or not是常用的。if ……or not一般用于口语,尤其是美式英语。另:要特别注意从句用陈述句语序。 2. whether可引导名词性从句作主语从句,而if 不能。 in和 after He will arrive in an hour. 他一个小时后到。 He arrived after an hour. 他在一个小时后到了。 He will arrive after four o’clock. 他四点以后到。 辨析和讲解: in指“在……之后”,以现在为起点,一般用于将来时。After指“在……之后”,以过去为起点,一般用于过去式。但说具体事件或时间之后,尽可用after. In和on 例句: The book was published in 1990. 这本书是1990年出版的。 The book was published in May, 1990. 这本书是1990年5月出版的。 .The book was published on May, the tenth, 1990.. 这本书是1990年5月10日出版的。 The book was published on Monday. 这本书是星期一出版的。 辨析和讲解: 在年、月前用介词in,在星期、日期或某早晨和晚上用介词on。 in front of 和in the front of 例句: There is a car in front of the house. 房子前面有一辆小汽车。 The teacher stands in the front of the classroom. 老师站在教室的前部。 辨析和讲解: in front of=before 是“在……前面”的意思。指在某个地方之外。in the front of 是“在……前部”。指一个范围之内的前部。 lay 和lie 例句: The postman lays the newspaper on the table every day. 每天,邮递员把报纸放在桌子上。 The postman laid the newspaper on the table yesterday. 昨天,邮递员把报纸放在桌子上。. He lies on the sofa to rest every day after work.. 每天下班后他躺在沙发上休息。 He lay on the sofa to rest yesterday after work.. 昨天下班后他躺在沙发上休息。 辨析和讲解: lay是及物动词,过去式和过去分词都是laid, 它是及物动词. 译为“放”、“搁”。 lie是不及物动词,过去式是lay, 过去分词是lain。现在分词是lying。译为 “躺”、“卧”。这两个词相近,容易产生混淆。 like和the same as 例句: The coat is like that one. 这件衬衫和那件衬衫一样。 The coat is the same as that one. 这件衬衫和那件衬衫一样。. 辨析和讲解: 注意此处的like是介词,译为 “像……”,as 是关系代词。like 不可换为as。短语the same as 中的as不可换为to或like,也不可以说as same as,而应把第一个as改成the. make……of和make……from 例句: This bridge is made of stone. 这座桥是石头造的。 Wine is made from grapes. 这酒是葡萄酿的。. 辨析和讲解: make……of和make……from均为 “用……制造”。凡不改变本质的用make……of,改变本质的用make……from。例句中石头造成桥后,其本质不变。葡萄酿成酒后,其本质改变了。 raise和rise 例句: Heavy rain raises the water level of the river every spring. 每年春天暴雨使河水的水位升高。 The water level of the river rises when it rains every spring.。.每年春天一下雨,河水水位就升高。 辨析和讲解: raise是及物动词,后面不需要接宾语。译为“举起,使……升高”。 rise是不及物动词,后面不需要接宾语。译为“上升” 。 receive和accept 例句: He received the present, but didn’t accept it. 他收到了礼物,但并不接受。 辨析和讲解: receive和accept都是 “收”或“接”的意思,但用法是不同的。receive是 “收到”、 “接到”,指动作和事实;accept是“接受”,表示结果。 some time, sometime和sometimes 例句: He stayed here for some time. 他在这儿住过一段时间。 I’ll go to Shanghai sometime next year. sometimes I go to bed at twelve. 辨析和讲解: some time作名词词组,表示 “一段时间”。 sometime用于过去时是表示 “曾今” 、“某个时候”的意思。用于将来时是表示“总有一日”、“某日”的意思。 sometimes是副词,表示“有时”的意思。 the same ……as和as……as 例句: She is the same age as John. 她和琼年龄一样大。 She is as old as John.. 她和琼年龄一样大。 辨析和讲解: the same ……as意为:和……一样。不可用to、like或with代替as. the same后一般接表特征的名词。 as……as意为:和……一样,同级比较,中间接表特征形容词或副词。 though和although 例句: Though he did his best,he didn’t finish it on time. 虽然他很努力,但没有按时完成。 Although he did his best,he didn’t finish it on time. 虽然他很努力,但没有按时完成。 辨析和讲解: 1、Although和though意思相同,可以互换,但although ……as意为:和……一样。不可用to、like或with代替as. the same后一般接表特征的名词。 2、汉语中常说:“虽然……但是……”,而在英语中Although和though切不可与but连用。 too和either 例句: He like English, I like it, too. 他喜欢英语,我也喜欢。 He doesn’t like skating, I don’t either. 他不喜欢滑冰,我也不喜欢滑冰。 辨析和讲解: 1、too和either均为副词,是“也”的意思。 2、too用于肯定句,一般放在句末,作为插入语也可放在句中。 either只能用在否定句中,必须放在句末。 used to和get(be)used to 例句: He used to live in the country. 他过去住在乡下。 He was used to living in the country. 他习惯在乡下住。 辨析和讲解: 1、used to是过去常常……,be (get)used to是习惯于……。 2、used to中的used是动词,be used to中的used是形容词。 3、used to中的to是动词不定式,后接动词原形,be used to中的to是介词,后接动名词。 4、used to仅有过去形式,表达过去习惯性的动作。be used to可用于过去、现在和将来等。 5、used to没有其他形式可以替代,be used to的be可用get来替代。 worth和worthy 例句: The book is worth reading. 这本书值得读。 The book is worthy of reading. 这本书值得读。 The book is worthy to be read. 这本书值得读。 辨析和讲解: worth和worthy都是形容词,都是做“值得……”讲。但用法和搭配关系不相同。 worth后接动名词,它是主动形式,被动意义。 worthy后接of,接被动的动名词,或接被动的不定式。 练习:改正下列句子中的错误 1. They couldn’t agree to one another. 2. Do you agree with the arrangement? 3. Excuse me, can you tell me how I can get the railway station? 4. They arrived the school about ten minutes late. 5. He was busy for homework. 6. The bees are busy to collect honey. 7. She was absent because of her cold was worse. 8. John’s family is very happy because his being awarded a scholarship. 9. Since he is very busy, so I won’t trouble him. 10. She was preparing for the new lesson with other teacher. 11. I have to prepare tomorrow’s examination. 12. We’ll have a math exam next week; I have to ready it. 13. When he became tired with riding he started to walk. 14. he had five children and never tired to tell me about them. 15. I’m tired of fruit-picking. 16. Long before he had to move on. 17. The book will be printed long before. 18. The Swede stood quite still, besides that his lips moved slightly. 19. Two other boys were on duty except Tom. 20. She has born two children. 21. When was he borne? 22. Next time you come, take your sister. 23. Bring this spade to her, please. 24. We had to take water from a stream far away. 25. It took more than 100,000 slaves twenty years building the Great Pyramid. 26. It cost four hundred francs to us. 27. I’m spending a lot more time in English than before. 28. The girl was shy first. 29. You go at first and I’ll follow. 30. He made up his mind to go on to work at the wireless picture. 31. Please go on your story. 32. We sleep at nine. 33. Then he made a fire, ate something and lay down to go to bed. 34. As he was very tired, he slept as soon as he sat down. 35. Mum and Dad can not hardly write their names. 36. it is raining hardly. 37. He thought hardly, and had an idea. 38. Where have you gone, I’ve gone to the post-office. 39. She’s been to the shop, she’ll be back soon. 40. The work has to be finished as soon as possible. 41. My family was poor; I must go to work when I was your age. 42. You have to be back by ten. 43. Let’s see the handwriting. 44. We listen with our ears, we look with our eyes. 45. I listened to someone laugh. 46. The old man saw me from head to foot. 47. You’ll be hung as a spy tomorrow at sunshine. 48. The room is hanged with picture. 49. If she’s coming or not doesn’t matter too much. 50. I don’t remember whether I read the book before. 51. In four years the war was won by the North. 52. I think he’ll be back after an hour. 53. I have no classes in Saturday. 54. This letter was written in the morning of June, 7, 1905. 55. In the front of the blackboard there is a big desk. 56. He is sitting in front of the class room. 57. Sometimes he would lay down to let six of them dance on his hand. 58. He is laying on a bed. 59. I would like to see a suit as the one in the window. 60. My briefcase is exactly the same to yours. 61. The weather feels as the spring. 62. Is your book as same as mine. 63. We make boxes from paper. 64. We make paper of rags. 65. The sun had raised when we got to the top of the mountain. 66. We must rise the living standard of the people. 67. He accepted an invitation from the US, and received. 68. Yesterday, I accepted a letter from my younger brother. 69. I hope you’ll come sometimes in autumn. 70. I received a letter from him sometime ago. 71. He is sometime well, sometime unwell. 72. Her hair’s the same color with her mother’s. 73. Is it the same lecture like tomorrows? 74. Miss June’s English is not as clear like DR.Baker’s. 75. But he didn’t speak at the meeting though he said would. 76. Though he worked hard from morning till night, but he still couldn’t support his family. 77. You can do it either. 78. Haven’t you seen it, too? 79. I was used to work sometimes for the family that lived here. 80. I used to seeing him very often, but not now. 81. His teacher said that he was not bright and was not worth being taught. 82. Knowledge is worth to be worked for. 83. It’s worthy to remember. 练习答案: 1. They couldn’t agree with one another. 2. Do you agree to the arrangement? 3. Excuse me, can you tell me how I can get to the railway station? 4. They arrived at the school about ten minutes late. 5. He was busy with homework. 6. The bees are busy (in) collecting honey. 7. She was absent because her cold was worse. 8. John’s family is very happy because of his being awarded a scholarship. 9. Since he is very busy, I won’t trouble him. 10. She was preparing the new lesson with other teacher. 11. I have to prepare for tomorrow’s examination. 12. We’ll have a math exam next week, I have to prepare for it. 13. When he became tired of riding he started to walk. 14. He had five children and never tired of telling me about them. 15. I’m tired with fruit-picking. 16. Before long he had to move on. 17. The book will be printed before long. 18. The Swede stood quite still, except that his lips moved slightly. 19. Two other boys were on duty besides Tom. 20. She has borne two children. 21. When was he born? 22. Next time you come, bring your sister. 23. Take this spade to her, please. 24. We had to fetch water from a stream far away. 25. It took more than 100,000 slaves twenty years to build the Great Pyramid. 26. It cost us four hundred francs 27. I’m spending a lot more time on English than before. 28. The girl was shy at first. 29. You go first and I’ll follow. 30. He made up his mind to go on working at the wireless picture. 31. Please go on with your story. 32. We go to bed at nine. 33. Then he made a fire, ate something and lay down to sleep. 34. As he was very tired, he went to sleep as soon as he sat down. 35. Mum and Dad can hardly write their names. 36. it is raining hard. 37. He thought hard, and had an idea. 38. Where have you been, I’ve gone to the post-office. 39. She’s gone to the shop, she’ll be back soon. 40. The work must be finished as soon as possible. 41. My family was poor; I have to go to work when I was your age. 42. You must be back by ten. 43. Let’s look at the handwriting. 44. We hear with our ears, we see with our eyes. 45. I heard someone laugh. 46. The old man looked at me from head to foot. 47. You’ll be hanged as a spy tomorrow at sunshine. 48. The room is hung with picture. 49. Whether she’s coming or not doesn’t matter too much. 50. I don’t remember if I have read the book before. 51. After four years the war was won by the North. 52. I think he’ll be back in an hour. 53. I have no classes on Saturday. 54. This letter was written on the morning of June, 7, 1905. 55. In front of the blackboard there is a big desk. 56. He is sitting in the front of the class room. 57. Sometimes he would lie down to let six of them dance on his hand. 58. He is lying on a bed. 59. I would like to see a suit like the one in the window. 60. My briefcase is exactly the same as yours. 61. The weather feels like the spring. 62. Is your book the same as mine. 63. We make boxes of paper. 64. We make paper from rags. 65. The sun had risen when we got to the top of the mountain. 66. We must raise the living standard of the people. 67. He received an invitation from the US, and. accepted 68. Yesterday, I received a letter from my younger brother. 69. I hope you’ll come sometime in autumn. 70. I received a letter from him some time ago. 71. He is sometimes well, sometimes unwell. 72. Her hair’s the same color as her mother’s. 73. Is it the same lecture as tomorrows? 74. Miss June’s English is not as clear as DR.Baker’s. 75. He didn’t speak at the meeting though he said would. 76. Though he worked hard from morning till night, he still couldn’t support his family. 77. You can do it , too. 78. Haven’t you seen it, either? 79. I used to work sometimes for the family that lived here. 80. I was used to seeing him very often, but not now. 81. His teacher said that he was not bright and was not worth teaching. 82. Knowledge is worth to working for. 83. It’s worthy of remembering. 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-5897665 2019年中考英语作文题目(热门话题)汇总(10篇)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它


    2019年中考英语作文题目(热门话题)汇总
    
    学术文化篇?
    ①沉迷网络游戏
    题目:李华沉迷于电脑游戏中,影响了学习。作为他的好朋友,你打算怎么帮他呢请用下面所给的提示词写一篇不少于80字的短文。字迹工整,语言流畅。
    提示词:give up concentrate on be (become)interested in
    ★ 范文
    Li Hua spent too much time playing computer games and he fell behind others. As a good friend of his, I must do something to help him.
    Firstly, I think it’s very important for him to learn lessons well. He should spend most of his time on his study instead of computer games. Secondly, I must tell him that playing computer games too much is bad for his health, especially for his eyes. So he must give it up. I can play more sports with him after school. Maybe he will become more interested in sports than computer games. And then I’ll ask him to concentrate more on his study. Of course, I will try my best to help him with all his subjects. I think I can do it in many fun ways and let him find much fun in studying. At the same time, I’ll ask both his parents and our teachers to help him, too. If I try these, I’m sure he will make great progress soon. ?
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    2019年中考英语作文题目(热门话题)汇总.doc

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  • ID:4-5877438 [精] 中考英语 听力口语训练指导公开课 课件+学案

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    初三英语听力口语训练与指导 公开课 课件:32张PPT Guide to practicing listening & speaking 《初三英语听力口语训练与指导》学案 班级____________学号____________ 姓名__________________ 得分____________ 一、听力部分 Just think and share discussion: Before listening(听前),what should we do 1.Read the _____________and___________ quickly.2.Find out the ___________ words and predict(预测). Question :person(male/female, single/plural) Choices: While listening(听中), what should we do 1.Catch the ________ information(抓关键信息).2.Take _______to help judge(判断) if necessary. 3.Choose the _________. After listening(听后), what should we do C________the answers carefully 题型一:听对话,选图片。 1. What is the girl doing now A. B C. 题型二: 听短对话,回答问题 听2段对话,回答问题。 1. What did the man do yesterday evening A. He saw a movie. B. He had a good time dancing. C. He went to the park. 2. Which dress will the woman buy A. The expensive one. B. The better one. C. The cheap one. 题型三: 听长对话,回答问题 1. What did Aunt Linda send Benny A. A book for Christmas. B. A CD for his birthday. C. A sweater for the Spring Festival. 2. What happened at the party A. Benny’s good friends came and ate together. B. All of Benny’s family came and played games. C. Benny’s classmates came and played cards. 题型四:听短文,完成信息记录表 听一篇短文,完成信息记录表。 The TV Programme Happy Time  Host David a handsome young man have a good sense of humour make the programme ___1___  Time from ___2___ to 9:30 p.m. advertisement time at 9 p.m.  Programme ___3___ at the beginning pop music and interesting things around people  1. A. lively and interesting B. lively and attractive C. lovely and interesting 2. A. 8 p.m. B. 8:30 p.m. C. 9 p.m. 3. A. funny jokes B. light music C. interesting stories 题型五:听短文,回答问题 1. When does Jack’s ideal school start A. At 8:30 a.m. B At 9 a.m. C. At 9:30 a.m. 2. How long do he and his classmates have for lunch A. An hour. B. One and a half hours. C. Two hours. 3. What do they do after lunch A. Take a walk B. Watch TV. C. Play badminton. 4. Which is Jack’s favourite subject A. English. B. Chinese. C. Maths. 5. Where do they go on a trip at weekends A. To the park. B. To the beach. C. To the countryside. 易错题型一:时间类和数字类 1.When will the two speakers meet A. At 4:30p.m. B. At 4:45p.m C. At 5:15p.m 2. How much is the ticket for the students A. Ten yuan. B. Fifteen yuan. C. Five yuan. 易错题型二:存在干扰信息 1.Who was the second in the race A. Sam. B. Jack. C. Dick. 2. How does Jack usually go to school A. B. C. 二、口语部分 Before reading , what should we do 预读确定:语音、句子________、连读、不完全爆破、意群和_______、___________等。 While reading, what should we pay attention to 注意:_________、语速_______、流利、句子_______等。 After reading, what can we do 修正:以_______为单位,______刚才读错了的句子,不要修正太多,一到_______句。 用正确的语音语调朗读短文 My father has worked in a local factory for years. You will not find anything unusual about him until you learn more. My father has always been kind and helpful. He has donated blood many times since 1990. The blood he has donated is enough to save over 70 lives. He has also donated blood cells to people with blood cancer. To my surprise, he has decided to donate his body for medical research after his death. When I was a little girl, I could not understand why my father always seemed to be kinder to others than to his own family. Now I realize that he has a heart full of love. 情景问答 答题技巧:1.先预测________和答案2.仔细听_______3.抓_______作答 4.可以_______ 三天前发生了一起谋杀案,嫌疑人是一个电脑工程师。1. 2. 话题简述 做到:________,_______, 流利, 有韵律,语速适中。 要点:1. 扎龙自然保护区是世界上最重要的湿地之一,许多鸟儿生活在那里。湿地里鱼很多,鸟儿很容易找到食物。 2. 现在越来越多的鸟儿因为没有足够的生存空间而处于危险当中,它们中的许多已经死掉了。 3. 中国政府竭力保护这些濒危鸟类。它们在像扎龙这样的保护区会是安全的。 The brief teaching plan for the guide to practicing listening and speaking Learning aims: 1. To learn how to how to improve our listening ability 2. To learn how to improve our spoken English Step1. Leading in Introduce today’s learning aims. Step2.Presentation Make a discussion about some ways to deal with five kinds of listening questions. 1. The guide to pre-listening 2. The guide to while-listening 3. The guide to post-listening Step 3 Practice Step 4 Presentation Make a discussion about some ways to deal with oral(口语) practice. 1. The guide to pre-reading ================================================ 压缩包内容: 初三英语听力口语训练与指导 公开课 课件.ppt 初三英语听力口语训练与指导 学案 .doc 18-1.mp3 2-1.mp3 2-1领读.wav 3.mp3 3朗读短文领读.wav bike.mp3 cheap one.mp3 Michael Learns to Rock - Take Me To Your Heart - DJ版.mp3 movie dancing.mp3 sub10-16.mp3 sub15-part4question.mp3 sub16-part4question.wav sub17-13.mp3 【GJA006】试题(3)听力1-10【18】 00_02_46-00_03_11.mp3 【GJA006】试题(7)听力1-10【50】 00_04_02-00_04_25.mp3 价格运算2.mp3 公开课录音 15-1.mp3 15.mp3 2-1.mp3 2-1领读.wav 3.mp3 3朗读短文领读.wav sub08-part4answer.mp3 sub08-part4question.mp3 sub09-part4answer.mp3 sub09-part4question.mp3 sub10-16.mp3 sub15-part4answer.mp3 sub15-part4question.mp3 sub16-part4question.mp3 sub17-13.mp3 图画题 girl reading .mp3 结尾音乐.wma 送CD礼物.mp3 送CD礼物截取1.mp3 送CD礼物截取2.mp3

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  • ID:4-5872021 2019中考初中英语听力常考的30组英语对话

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    初中英语|听力常考的30组英语对话 一、打电话 1、请给某人/某单位打电话 Would/could/can you ring up...?请你...打电话好吧? 句中ring up意思是“给某人打电话”,除了用ring up外,还可用call, call up, telephone 等,意思相同 can you...?用得最普通:could/would you...?用在正式场合,比较礼貌。 2、电话拨不通时常说: The line is busy , I can‘t get through.电话占线,我打不通。 / I’ll try again later.我过一会儿再打. 其中line指电话线路,get through 指接通电话。 3、电话拨通后相互打招呼: Hello,(name or telephone number)你好,(并通报本人的姓名或单位名称或电话号码)Hello,is that...speaking?你是...吗? / Who is that speaking/calling?你是谁?/ Who is speaking/calling, please?你是谁? 应答时常说:Yes,(this is)...speaking. 是的,我是..../ Yes, it‘s...here. 我是.... 4、打电话请对方找人或留言: Is...in/at home? 某某在家吗?/ Can/may/could I speak to..., please?请...接电话好吗?/ Will/would you give a message to..., please?请给...捎个口信好吗? / Would you tell him my telephone number, please? 请你把我的电话号码告诉他好吗?/ Can/could you ask...to ring me back, ?please?请叫...给我回个电话好吗? 应答时常说: Hold on/Wait a minute/One moment, please. 请等一等 / I‘m sorry...is not in./at home now.对不起,...现在不在 / Can I take a message? 我能给你捎口信好吗?/ Does he have your telephone number?他有你的电话号码吗?/ I’ll ask him to call you back. 我叫他给你回电话 二、劝告和建议 1、You‘d better (not)do sth... 你最好(不)干..../ You should do sth. 你应该干..../ You need(to)do sth. 你需要干.... 2、Why don‘t you do sth? 为什么不..../ Why not do sth? 为什么不....这是以反问的方式提出劝告或建议,含有建议对方去干某事的意思,而不是询问对方为何不去干某事的原因. 3、What/How about +名词或动名词...? 这种句型表达随便的建议,有征求对方意见的意思,多数情况下是建议和对方一起做某事。 4、“Shall we...?”这种句型用于建议对方与自己一起做什么,是一种普通的表示建议的方法。它和“Let‘s..., shall we?”句型可以互换,在回答时,如果赞成这个建议,常用“Yes, let's…”或“OK, let’s…” 5、用suggest作谓语的陈述句 这种句子用于表达比较正式的建议,在会议上和讨论中使用较多,也常用于书面形式,后面常跟名词、动名词或that从句作宾语.注意跟从句时,从句中动词用动词原形式should+动词原形。 6、用Let‘s开头的祈使句 这是最普通的表达建议的方法,建议对方和自己一起做什么.let's后接动词原形.若句尾加上“shall we?”, “OK?”等用于征求对方法的词语,从而使语气委婉得多。 注意:对对方的建议表示同意时常用的答语为: Great太好了,That‘s a good idea.真是个好主意。对对方的建议表示不同意,或根本不能满足对方的要求而表示歉意时的常用答语为: I’m afraid that... 我担心....,我恐怕.....I‘m afraid not. 恐拍不行。 7、用should,ought to等情态动词来表示“劝告” 8、用动词advise,名词advice表示劝告 三、表示问候 1、直接问候 一般打招呼用语,答语通常是重复对方的话 Hello.你好!Hi嗨!Good morning(afternoon, evening)早上(下午、晚上)好 2.您好!初次见面打招呼的用语How do you do? / Glad to meet you. 答语也是“How do you do? / Glad to meet you.” 3.对有一段时候没有见面的熟人可选用这些句型:How are you?/ How have you been?你(您)好吗? 答语往往是:“Fine, thank you. And you?” 4.向认识但不常见面的人打招呼,可选用这些表达法. How‘s everything with you?/ How is everything going? / How are you getting on? / What’s no/ up? 近来怎么样? 答语可用:“Pretty well“/ ” Very well“ ”Everything is OK(一切顺利)“Not too bad“还好” 5.对于不认识想要叫他(她)停下来时,可选用这些说法:Hey, sir(madam)喂,先生(小姐)/ Just a moment, sir(madam)等一下,先生(小姐)注意:此时不能说:“Hey! You!” 2、间接问候 1.Please give one‘s(one’s 代表不同人称的物主代词(如: my, our... 等) regards/best wishes/ love to.../ Please remember me to sb.请向某人问好/请向某人致意。 2.“Say hi/hello to...(from me)”意为“向...致意/问候”.这相当于Please give my best regards/wishes to...(请代我向...问好)的意思。 对于上述问候,其答语为:Of course/Sure , I will等。 四、感谢与应答 Thank you/ Thanks谢谢! / Thank you very much非常感谢! / Thank you so much/ Thanks a lot多谢 / Thank you very much indeed 应该好好感谢你 / Thanks a million万分感谢! / I don‘t know how to thank you真不知该怎样感谢你I’m really grateful to you.非常感谢你! That‘s most kind of you你心眼儿真好/ You’re kind! 你真好。 如果别人想为你办事,可你觉得不必麻烦他或者别人替你办事没有办成但你还要感谢他,这时你可以说: Thank you just the same.同样感谢你的好意 / Thank you all the same.同样得感谢你 / It‘s very considerate of you.你考虑得真周到!/ It’s most thoughtful of you.你想得真周到! 在回答别人的感谢时,常说: You‘re welcome不客气 / Not at all 没事儿 / Don’t mention it 不用谢 / It‘s my pleasure 我很乐意. / No trouble at all 一点也不麻烦 / It was the least I could do 这是我应该做的/ I’m glad I could do it.我很高兴能这么做 / That‘s all right.没关系,不用谢 / I’m delighted to have been able to do that for you 能为你效劳我很高兴 / It‘s really nothing at all 算不了什么,不用谢 五、介绍 介绍某人的常用表达式 I‘ll introduce you.我来给你介绍......../ I want to introduce.....我想介绍.... / May I introduce you to...? 我把你介绍给...好吗? / I’d like you to meet... 我想让你见见.... / It‘s with great pleasure that I introduce.....to you.很荣幸让我介绍.......给你./ Let me introduce you to......让我把你介绍给....... / By the way, do you know......? 顺便问一问,你认识.......吗? 对介绍的应答 How do you do? 你好!/ I‘m pleased to know you.很高兴认识你./ Very glad to meet you.很高兴认识你./ Nice to meet you.很高兴认识你. / It’s a pleasure to meet you.认识你很高兴。 六、祝愿、祝贺及应答 1、当某人取得成功时 I have passed the examination! 我已经通过考试了. Congratulations(to you)祝贺你! 2、当某人外出旅行时 Good luck with your trip! 祝您们旅途平安! Have a good trip/journey.=I wish you a good trip/journey.祝你旅途愉快,祝你一路顺风。/ Good trip to you./Nice journey to you.祝你旅途愉快 / Have a nice/pleasant/wonderful time.=I wish you a nice/pleasant/wonderful time.祝你过得愉快,祝你玩得痛快。 3、当某人生日时? A: Happy birthday to you;生日快乐! B: Thank you!谢谢! ================================================ 压缩包内容: 初中英语听力常考的30组英语对话.doc

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  • ID:4-5707432 2019年中考英语考前指导(84张PPT)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    2019年中考考前指导(84张ppt):84张PPT答题要求 1.准备好文具(2B铅笔,0.5毫米黑水笔) 2.答题前写好自己的姓名,准考证号,看清A/B 答题卡。 3.不能在各个题目区域外答题。 4.试卷答题时间要合理分布,不能留有空白,选择题部分 做完后就填涂卡,作文要列个提纲,卷面要整洁。 复习计划: 1.《词汇手册》四会单词、重点短语、不规则动词表(不可忽视) 2.对照《中考说明》语法考查项目表,复习名词、代词、数词、介词和介词短语、连词、形容词、副词、冠词、动词、构词法、句子种类、简单句的基本句型、并列复合句、主从复合句。 3.看模拟试卷范文 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 2019年中考考前指导(84张ppt).ppt

  • ID:4-5673280 [精] 中考英语百日冲刺周周练系列(第七周含答案)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 词语填空 【一】 第一节 词语填空 通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳答案。(共10小题,计10分) I am a karate(空手道) player. I still remember my first karate competition. Like_ 1 players, I was very excited about my event. I watched every player’s skills 2 I could carefully avoid their moves. Somehow, I got into the semifinals(半决赛).In the semifinals, I fell down and hurt myself. I still didn’t 3 , so I fought back and got into finals, 4 , getting the gold medal was my dream. In the final competition, there were_ 5 supporters on my side, as I was a new face. Instead, the crowd was cheering for my opponent(对手). I could hear only my opponent’s__6__ I didn’t mind the crowd’s 7 . I kept one thing in mind: focus, wait and attack. I had confidence in myself,and I knew that no matter how strong my opponent was, I had to give it my 8 shot and fight well. When the time was up, I was leading with a 3---0 score. One thing I learned 9 that event is, no matter how strong your opponent is, don’t think you are weak or strong. Just give your best shot, and you will make your way to success. Win or lose, you will gain important experiences. Learn from every step you 10 1. A. others B. another C. other 2. A. so that B. as if C. even though 3. A. give out B. give up C. give away 4. A. After all B. However C. Besides 5. A. many B. no C. some 6. A. name B. voice C. heartbeat 7. A. moving B. shouting C. cheering 8. A. most B. best C. biggest 9. A. from B. in C. at 10. A. walk B. make C. take 短文理解 【一】 短文理解 阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出最佳选项回答问题或完成句子。(每小题2分) A little girl’s interest in wanting to talk about Chinese food put her on a path to study the language. Isabelle first became interested in Chinese when she was 5. “We were at a Chinese restaurant. She was watching a man making noodles. She was so excited that she wanted to talk with him. Unfortunately, he didn't speak English. On the way home, she said she wanted to learn Chinese,” said Isabelle’s father. “I totally fell in love with the language. It’s so beautiful and unlike anything I’ve ever heard before,” said Isabelle, whose Chinese name is Bao Ling. She is now 12 and very good at Chinese, she can even watch movies and TV from China without subtitles. Some of her favorite Chinese cartoons are Pleasant Goat and Big Big Wolf, Big Head Son and Small Head Dad, which are very popular in China. Isabelle studies at the Confucius Institute (孔子学院) near her home, the William & Mary Confucius Institute. “It is just the beginning of a fantastic ongoing adventure, all thanks to the Confucius Institute,” she said. The WMCI offers courses on many aspects (方面) of Chinese culture, from travel tips to calligraphy (书法),to tai chi, cooking and music. The first course that Isabelle took was a cooking class. She then tried tai chi and kung fu through the WMCI. Next year, through the WMCI, Isabelle will join the JNCLNCLIS(languagepolicy.org) to ask for more aid for language instruction in public schools. “I want to thank the Confucius Institute for sharing the wonderful language and culture of China to the world,” she said. “It has been a wonderful journey for all of us,” said her mother. 1. Why did Isabelle become interested in Chinese at first? A. Because she wanted to talk about Chinese food. B. Because she wanted to be a Chinese cook. C. Because she thought Chinese was so beautiful. 2. What does the underlined word "subtitles" mean in Chinese? A. 标题 B. 科目 C. 字幕 3. What courses did Isabelle take through WMCI? A. cooking, calligraphy and tai chi. B. Cooking, kung fu and tai chi. C. Cooking, tai chi and music. 4. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Isabelle first became interested in Chinese when she was 12 years old. B. Isabelle has got aid for language instruction in public schools. C. Both Isabelle and her mother feel good about the Confucius Institute. 5. What is the best title of the passage? A. How Chinese food led to a girl’s love of Chinese. B. How popular Chinese calligraphy is in foreign countries. C. Why is the Confucius Institute welcomed in foreign countries. 【二】 第二节 短文理解 阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出最佳选项回答问题或完成句子。(每小题2分) It’s OK to say you have never heard of grime (伦敦地下音乐)--unless you’re from the UK. That’s because this music genre(流派)was invented in the UK in the early 2000s. To someone who’s not familiar with underground music culture, it’s easy to get confused(迷惑的)between hip-hop and grime since they are both noisy. And many people didn’t bother (费心)to tell them apart, until earlier this month when grime stars like Stormzy and J. Hus led this year’s Mobo –“music of black origin”- award nomination (提名)in the UK. Just like UK electronic music and hip-hop, from which grime drew influence, it mostly reflects the thoughts of young people. But different from hip-hop, grime singers sing in dialects(方言)with strong accents(口音), giving a special flavor to their songs. Lady Leshurr,known as the “Grime Queen”, said that she once tried to hide her accent, as she didn’t want people to judge her, according to The Independent. But one day, she realized that she didn’t need to change herself just to please others .And there’s no doubt that this is the essence (精髓) of grime music: be yourself. However, no matter whether grime is one day accepted by the mainstream(主流的)music world or not, one thing is for sure; in grime, singers always staytrue to themselves. 1. People are most likely to confuse grime with ________ music. A. Jazz B. country C. hip-top 2. What makes grime music different from other music genres? A. It is sung in dialects with strong accents B. It is known for being very noisy C. It is mainly popular with the rich. 3. What is the essence of grime music? A. Searching for a peaceful life. B. Staying true to oneself. C. Challenging traditions 4. Who is known as the “grime Queen”? A. Lady Leshurr B. Stormzy C. J. Hus 5. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. It’s hard for common people to get confused between hip-hop and grime. B. So far, grime hasn’t been known to many. C. Lady Leshurr thought that she needed to change herself just to please others. 【三】 第二节 语篇补全 阅读下面的短文,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项补全短文。选项中有一项为多余选项。(共4小题,计8分) Homework is a problem for students all over the world. As a student, you have a lot of homework to do every day. 1 And it helps you understand important knowledge. Luckily, there’re several things you can do to make homework less difficult. _______2______, Write your homework down in your notebook if you need to. Don’t be afraid to ask questions about it. Understand why you should do your homework. _______3_ . Many schools have study halls. The students can study there. It’s more interesting to play with your friends. But the more homework you finish at school, the less you’ll have to do that night at home. Take a break. It is difficult to hold your attention for too long. So take some breaks while doing your homework. Taking a 15-minute break every hour is a good idea for most people. Make a plan. If you don’t finish your homework at school, think about how much you have left. _____4___ especially when you want to enjoy sports or other activities. A. Be sure you understand the homework B. It’s a good idea to make a homework plan C. It’s the best way to review what you have learned in class D. Use some time to do homework at school. E. It’s necessary for you to do more homework at home 第三节 阅读表达 阅读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容回答问题。(共5小题,计10分) Zhang Zhouchen, a sixth grader, has published two novels in English. “Most people often read to learn English, but my secret is to write,” he said. “Reading is a way of taking in. But only when you use it for writing can you master it completely.” Zhang began writing his first novel at the end of 2014. He didn’t mean to publish it at first. But a special experience made him change his mind the next year. He was chosen by his school to be a volunteer for a Hope Primary School Every volunteer was asked to bring a gift for children school,” he said. “So I had a wish to help them build a football field.” How to achieve that? The novel came into Zhang’s mind suddenly. By organizing the book sale, he got 100,000 yuan. He then spent it building a football field. Then he got about 130,000 yuan by selling his second novel. He used the money to build a footballs field in another school. “I can never forget the smiles on the faces of the children who were having fun playing football,” said Zhang. “It encourages me to help more poor children enjoy the joy of football.” 1. How does Zhang learn English? _________________________________________________________________ 2. Did Zhang publish his first novel in 2014? _________________________________________________________________ 3. What did Zhang bring to the children in the Hope Primary School? _________________________________________________________________ 4. How many football fields has Zhang helped build? _________________________________________________________________ 5. What do you think of Zhang Zhouchen? _________________________________________________________________ 参考答案: 词语填空: 1-10: CABAB BBBAC 阅读理解: 1-5:ACBCA 1-5: CABAB 语篇补全: CADB 回答问题 He learns English by writing. No. He helped to build a football field. Two He is kind and helpful. (开放性答案) AEDB 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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