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  • ID:4-5550018 上海市2019届初三英语一模首字母填空专题汇编(含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/九年级上(新版)/期末专区

    上海市2019届初三英语一模首字母填空专题汇编 宝山 C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words( 在短文的空格中填入适当的 词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给) Watch young children in a school class. You will often notice that there are three or four—especially boys who cannot sits s_____81____. They have trouble paying attention to the teacher for longer than a few minutes, and they seem to forget things the teachers tells them. What is the manner with them? Many doctors think they need medicine, so they give the children a drug c_____82____ Ritalin(利他林). It is supposed to help them settle down and pay better attention. It works, but it is also dangerous. Ritalin has some bad side effects, and it can even kill children who take too much. Because of the serious side effects of Ritalin, many people think it is not good for children. Ritalin seems to affect both a child’s mind and body. The drug does help children calm down and focus, but some scientists claim( 声称) that Ritalin decreases the flow of blood to the b____83_____. This effects a child’s thinking and memory and makes it more difficult to learn. Scientists also think that the drug might l_____84____ a child’s ability to grow and an cause trouble sleeping. Another problem is that children can take too much of the drug. Some children like the way the drug makes t_____85____ feel, so they take more than they should. They know this is wrong, but they cannot stop, much the same as people who cannot stop smoking. A third problem is that doctors do not know if the drug is really safe or not. Doctors do not know what happens to children who take this drug for a long time. They do not know if these children show side effects after they grow up. Ritalin might help when children are young but are there bad effects l____86_____ in life? Because nobody knows for sure, some scientists say that Ritalin should not be used. Today, some doctors and teachers say that there are better ways than drugs to help children with attention problems. One good idea is to give children better food and make sure they get more rest. Another way to help children with attention problems is to find teachers who have special training with a_____87____ children. Such teachers know how to help these children learn. Another idea is for parents and teachers to simply be patient. Most children’s attention will improve naturally as they get older. Parents and teachers just have to give these children time to develop. 崇明 C. Read the passage and fill In the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容 通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分) In the age of digital printing(数字印刷), almost all newspaper articles are typed with computers. But The Musalman, the oldest Urdu-language daily newspaper in India, is still being published as the world’s (81)1___ hand- wtitten newspaper. The newspaper has four pages. The front page is for national and international news. The second and the third pages are for local news. The fourth page is for sports news. Some (82)s___ is left blank at the bottom right corner of the front page, in case there is breaking news. Every day, it takes three calligraphers(书法家)three hours to write a page before the paper is printed and sent to its 21, 000 readers. These calligraphers must be very (83)c___ not to make any writing mistakes, because even a small mistake can lead to a whole page being rewritten. The newspaper makes so (84) l___ money that costs are hardly covered. But for Syed Arifullah, who took over the newspaper from his father, it is his duty to keep the paper alive as a way to protect the Urdu language and especially its calligraphy. He says that calligraphy is the heart of The Musalman, and if someone removes the heart of the paper, there will be (85)n___ left. People working for the newspaper also feel very (86)p___ to be part of it. They are really devoted to(致力于) their work and believe that their work helps preserve a dying art. First published in 1927, the newspaper is (87)l___ to exist for another 90 years. Lets wait and see. 奉贤 C. Fill in the blanks with the proper words.(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。 每空格限填一词,首字母已给。) In the city I live in, some seats on every bus come in orange color, different from the rest which are blue. Those seats are intended for(预留) a certain group of people—the old and some who need special care, such as the disabled or those with small babies. So you can often see young people choose to take others seats instead of the orange ones if possible. One day, my friend Lisa boarded a bus and found the only untaken seat was an orange one. She h______81__ for a moment and slowly walked to it and sat down. As the bus went on, passengers accumulated(聚集) from stop to stop and the bus became really c____82____. At that time, someone near the door asked loudly if there was anybody who would like to o____83____ a seat to the old man who had just got on the bus. On hearing it, Lisa looked around to see where the old man was. She was even about to get up but found it difficult to do so. Thinking that someone near the old man would do him a favor, she remained seated. Actually, she had another reason to do so. To her s____84____, she soon became the target of criticism(批评的目标) from some people standing beside her. “Shameless,” a voice said. “Morality decays(道德败坏),” another voice added. Lisa kept silent as the short conversation went. She wanted to say something but held the words back. She understood as the only young person taking the orange seat on this bus , she “should” feel ashamed. Lisa turned her face to the window to hide her embarrassment. If you were a passage on that but, would you stand out a ___85_____ her and blame(责怪) her for not giving up her seat? If I hadn’t known the story of Lisa’s side, I would. However, the truth is : Lisa had just a small o____86____ and was in recovery (恢复). Her doctor had told her to sit instead of s____87____ as much as possible. The long bus trip would give her trouble if she stood all the way. 虹口 C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words。 Many people think of bully(欺凌)as one child pushing or hitting another. However, bullying is not only p___81___. Words also hurt people badly. When I was in junior high school, the girls in my class would laugh at me or ask questions designed to embarrass me. Their words really hurt me so much that it was difficult for me to f___82___ my attention on study. Be kind You may not think of yourself as a bully, but do you always play jokes on others? If the other person isn’t laughing. Your words or actions may hurt more than you think. When some people are bullied, they will make r___83___ by hurting others. No matter what your experiences are, being kind will make you truly powerful. Speak up When you notice one person bullying another, you are supposed to warn them to stop i___84___ and firmly(坚 定地). Your hesitation will make the problem worse, if they don’t stop, walk away and tell an adult about the bullying. Stand tall If you are bullied, don’t try to face it alone, but ask a parent or other trusted adult for help. Similarly, in places where bullying happens, stay close to a friend b___85___ bullies often aim at people who are isolated(孤立的). When you re being bullied, walk away calmly. Leaving will keep you safe, and if you don’t seem frightened or upset, the bully may feel bored and l___86___ interest in you. Finally, remember that what is happening is not your m___87___. Bullies are responsible for their actions and words. Make sure your life will not be affected by their words and action. And when you meet others who are weaker than you, remember that they are valuable, too.(296 words) 黄浦 C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words。 It does not always come easy to discover oneself. From a young age, I had a strong sense of who I was to become, but an accident made me redefine(重审)my self. To me, cycling was above all. There was n___81___ in this world that filled my heart with such joy. I spent twenty-four hours a week practicing my s___82___. Having no social life or interests but cycling, my great love brought me first place medals in nearly every competition. Unfortunately, in one show, I fell down and hurt myself b___83___. After several X-rays and MRI(磁共振) scans, the doctor told me that I couldn’t return to my sport any more. The pain in my back was hard to bear and even the b___84___ daily tasks became difficult. As my passion(激情)was taken away, I had little sense of who I was to become. After eight months of suffering, something had to c___85___. Instead of wasting my days sitting around painfully, I began to put my energy into local community service projects. By volunteering as a swimming teacher and summer reading assistant for kids, I got an idea of who I wanted to become. After a few months, I spent most of the time on my interest in the arts. Little by Little, I stepped out of the shadow(阴影)and r___86___ my confidence. Sometimes, some large rocks block our way. We can choose to stay behind or try to climb over. My accident was a rock, but it f___87___ to stop me from reaching success. Today I’m a very confident and optimistic person. 嘉定 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words. Waste sorting is a simple process that requires neither a lot of time, nor any special resources. When you throw away trash(废物), do you know which bin it should go in? Have you ever n__81__ the differently- colored trash bins on the street or in your neighborhood? Some of you might not be able to answer this question easily. In fact, it is very important. Not knowing how to sort waste can make it even h__82__ to save energy and protect the environment. If you don’t sort your trash, all of it will go to a landfill(垃圾填埋场) and be m__83__ together. These landfills can take up large areas of ground that could have been used for planting trees or crops. The electronic waste can pollute the soil and groundwater(地下水). Other pieces of garbage, like the metal part of a pen, can be used to make other things if they are p__84__ recycled. With this in mind, many governments in China have been running waste-sorting activities in recent years. For example, Shanghai announced in July that within three years, all of its residents should sort their waste into f__85__ groups: wet, recyclable, harmful and dry. Many other c__86__, including Shenzhen and Qingdao, plan to use this method to sort their waste. Now that you know this, perhaps you can do your part to protect the environment and encourage others to sort their trash. Waste sorting is also a major problem around the world. Different countries are using different methods to sort their trash. Japan is l__87__ the world in waste sorting. It is a very important part of Japanese life and Japanese people will expect foreigners to follow their belief. 金山 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words.(14 分) Sam had always wanted to visit the International Space Station. He was really interested in the experiments that were happening there. He had read about growing food using water only. He thought that this was important as it was a way to provide food w__81__ using land. Some of the techniques used in the Space Station had already been included in architectural plans for some super skyscrapers. So when Space Dreams, a space travel company, held a competition, Sam decided to enter. The p__82__ was a trip to the Space Station itself! The competition involved writing a description about how you would feel about traveling into space. Sam sat down and wrote how he thought it would feel. Buzz Aldrin, the astronaut was the judge. There were 1,209,678 entries(参加的人), so Sam thought that there was n__83__ way he would be a winner. The day when the competition winner was announced, Sam was expecting a phone call. When the phone rang, he answered, “Hi.” A voice replied, “Hello, can I speak to Sam? This is Jack Mellow of Space Dreams.” Jack told Sam he was the winner. Buzz had said that Sam’s writing d__84__ exactly how he had felt on his first space trip. Sam could not believe it. Jack had already arranged with Sam’s school for him to take a few days off. He had to go to t__85__ before he could fly. Sam learnt how to put on a space suit. Then he was put onto a machine and turned around. This was to help him get used to travelling at very fast speeds. He also learned how to move without gravity(重力) to k__86__ him on the ground. That was fun. He could do summersaults and fly through the air well, walk through the air in reality. The day came for take-off. Sam felt really f__87__ because he knew nothing about what would happen after taking off. He was with two other people and an instructor. He had to climb into a tiny capsule in the nose of a rocket. Then the rocket went quickly into space. Sam’s dream came true. 静安 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words. It’s a school day morning. You are dressing yourself in the bedroom. At the same time, you are thinking about taking your schoolbag from the living room. But when you walk through your bedroom door and into the living room, you suddenly forget w__81__ you are there and just don’t know what to do. Most people would think they have a poor m__82__. But scientists believe that the act of walking through doorways makes them forget things. They call it the “doorway effect”. The scientists from the University of Notre Dame in the US did an e__83__. They placed several objects into two rooms. The students had to put an object from Room A into a shoebox and then carried it to Room B through a doorway. In Room B, they exchanged it for another object and brought it back to Room A in the shoebox. Then the students were asked to do the same things w__84__ crossing through a doorway. During the period of time, the scientists would randomly(随机地) ask the students which object was in their shoebox at the moment. The scientists found their answers were slower and less c__85__ when they walked through a doorway and into a new room. “A doorway is just like a boundary(分界线) in the mind,” the lead scientist Gabriel Radavansky told Scientific American. Setting “boundaries” in our minds can cause us to forget things c__86__. For example, when you walk into the living room, your brain thinks the act of getting your schoolbag is already “done” and it moves on. Is there a way to s__87__ the “doorway effect”? Writing down what you need before going into another room might be helpful. 闵行 C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. Have you ever been in an animal rescue? It can be very heartbreaking, but sometimes, with l__81__ and skill, a tragic story can turn into an inspiring one. This is what happened to Winter, the dolphin. Winter was found off the coast of Florida in December of 2005. She was just a few months old, a__82__, and caught in a crab trap. The ropes from the trap were wrapped tightly around her body. The fisherman who found her called for help. And a rescue team soon arrived. But the s__83__ was really tough. The ropes had cut off the blood circulation to her tail. She was badly hurt. People didn’t think she would survive. Most dolphins who become trapped in ropes die. Hoping for a miracle and racing against time to save her, the rescuers transferred her to the Clearwater Marine Aquarium in Florida. After much hard work, the doctors m__84__ to save Winter, but sadly, not her tail. Her tail were too damaged and had to be removed so Winter could live. The little dolphin Winter didn’t die, but she would never be able to swim normally w__85__ a tail. Thankfully, the story doesn’t end here. Winter was able to swim, but not very well. Because he didn’t have a tail, she moved to her body in a side-to-side motion like a shark. But the doctors at the aquarium were w__86__ that the strange movement would hurt her back bones. Kevin Carroll heard Winter’s story, and thought he could help. He is an expert who is good at treating disabled people. If he could help people, why not help a dolphin? He started working with Winter and came up with a solution. Now Winter can swim like other dolphins. Winter’s story also e__87__ the disabled. We all have the right to live and to live well. 浦东 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。每空 格限填一词,首字母已给)(14 分) There was once a jeweler, famous for many virtues(美德). One day, some Arabs came to him for some diamonds to decorate an important thing for a yearly celebration. The Arabs told him what they wanted, and offered him a f____81____ price for the diamonds. He replied that he could not let them see the jewels at that moment, and required them to call again. As they wanted the diamonds without any delay, and thought that the p____82____ of the jeweler was only to increase the price of the diamonds, the Arabs offered him twice, then three times as much as they were worth. But he still refused, and they were quite d____83____ and went away. Some hours later, he went to the Arabs and l____84____ before them the diamonds, for which they again offered him the last price they had named, but he said, “ I will only accept the first price you offered to me this morning.” “Why, then, did you disagree with us at once?” asked they in surprise. “When you came,” replied he, “my father had the key to the s____85____, in which the diamonds were locked, and as he was asleep, I would have to w____86____ him to gain them.” “At his age, a short of sleep u____87____does him good; and no business is more important than my father’s single comfort.” The Arabs were affected by his words. They spread their hand upon the jeweler’s head and showed their satisfying smiles. 普陀 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words.(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词, 首字母已给)(14 分) My Big Day There were about 15 kids there for audition(试镜) when we arrived. I had been u__81__ about being late on this Big Day but the bus, which moved slowly all the way, woke up and almost galloped for the last half mile. Dad and I jumped off and ran to 171 High Street. I had e__82__ a shiny building but what I saw was a broken ancient door. And the room into which we all crowded was dark and didn’t have enough chairs. A boy was p__83__ his audition piece loudly, unaware of everyone else in the room. Most of the kids were in jeans, but a few dressed seriously cool as if they spent every day on film sets and lunching with s__84__. I felt a bit embarrassed about my dressing. A girl called us away, one by one, to be auditioned. I breathed deeply and slowly as I had learned to do – ever since my first part in the school play, when I was extremely nervous and n__85__ forgot everything I had memorized. I repeated my speech to myself with all the pauses and emphasizes in the right places. I knew I was good. I really wanted this part, I wanted to pay Dad back for all the work he’d done for me. I wanted to make him proud of me. And I know I could do it. Suddenly, there it was my n__86__! I followed the girl down a corridor into a large room with three men and a woman sitting. “How tall are you?” he asked. “I’m 1.6 metres,” I said, trembling slightly. The man looked at the woman and I saw him s__87__ his head. The woman turned to me and said, “I’m so sorry. That’s just a bit too tall for this part. They should have told you” 青浦 C. Read the passage and fill the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的单 词, 使内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给)(14 分) Stephen Hawking: A free soul in the Wheelchair Stephen Hawking died in his home in Cambridge, England, on March 14, 2018, at the age of 76. His family stated that he “died peacefully”. Here are some facts about him. E_____81____ Life We often like the things our parents like and we grow up to do the things our parents do. So it was with Stephen Hawking. His parents like science and learning. They both graduated from Oxford College. Family dinner was a silent affair because everyone was reading a book. Stephen enjoyed math and science in school where he earned the nickname “Einstein”. He wanted to study math at university but Oxford didn’t have a math degree at the time, so he chose physics and chemistry i _____82____ . Overcoming ALS After graduation, Hawking went to Cambridge to study for his PhD. Then he began to have a h _____83____ problem. The doctor discovered that he had a disease called ALS(肌萎缩侧索硬 化 症). With the help of science and modern medicine, Hawking lived a f _____85____ and meaningful life. Although he had to live on a wheelchair and couldn’t talk, he could communicate using a touch pad computer and a voice synthesizer(合成器). S____86_____ Hawking spent much of his work researching black holes and space-time theories. He wrote many important papers about them and became a famous expert. Stephen also enjoyed writing books. In 1988 he published A Brief History of Time. This book c____87_____ modern subjects such as the big bang(大爆炸) and black holes in terms that could be understood. The book became very popular selling millions of copies. 松江 徐汇 It was early one hot morning in 2015 when I was gently wheeled across our quiet street in my wheelchair to the taxi stand with my mother. Three weeks earlier, I had hurt my left leg at home. Now I f____81_____ had an appointment(预约) for an operation to repair the bad break in hospital. I was feeling n_____82____ as I’d never had surgery(外科手术) before and the thought of it worried me. After waiting for a taxi for more than 90 minutes, we were still standing across the street from our house, trying to ask for a ride. It usually only takes a few minutes, but on this Sunday taxis would pass by us either already filled with p____83_____ or unwilling to take us. Perhaps it was because of my wheelchair. My mother was starting to get upset as we were fast running out of t_____84____. Our appointment was 10:45 am and it would take up to 40 minutes to get to the hospital. Then a black SUV pulled over and stopped in front of us. The driver, taking a look at us, said, “You two look like you could use a lift!” He told us he’d seen us e_____85____ as he was taking his son to a weekend school activity. He was now r_____86____ home and saw that we were still there. With no questions asked this good man welcome us aboard. We arrived at 10:30 ---just in time for my appointment. He r_____87____ my money, saying people should help one another. He left with a smile. To this day we have not crossed paths again with this friendly driver who went out of his way, but his help is kept in our minds. I am very grateful to this kind stranger who has taught me to keep watch for and help others in need. 杨浦 A healthy mind The brain is the most fascinating part of our body. Even though there has been all medical research, n__81__ really understands everything about it. Like the rest of our body, our brain needs to be cared for. The ways that we keep our mind healthy can be quite s__82__. Getting a good night’s sleep, eating a balanced diet and taking deep breaths are all important methods of looking after both your body and your brain. Many people think their brain will slow down with age and their memory will get worse as a result. The t__83__ is, just like your body, you can also improve your mind. I’ve found I can improve my memory by i__84__ what I need to remember. For example, if I’m going shopping and I need bread, milk and a birthday card for my brother, I form pictures of a loaf of bread, a carton of milk with a cow on the front and a birthday card with a football on it. The same kind of method can be used with important dates. If you have a picture in your mind of a particular event, it’s much e__85__ to remember than just a number on a calendar. Another way of improving your mind is to make sure you r__86__ visit new places and have new experiences. Traveling more often has much more long-term benefits than you would have ever expected. Personally I find learning English is a great way to keep the brain working, but communication with others in any language is important. Having a c__87__ is much better for your brain than staring at a computer screen or at other people talking on TV. 长宁 My first mistake was that I had left the garage door open. It couldn’t be closed for months. I had no chance to repair it as I had an extremely high workload(工作负担). As I often travel for work, I am r_____81____ home long enough to allow repairmen to come and work. After travelling all week, I was tired and happy to be home. I didn’t think anything of the door which from the garage to the house being open. As soon as I entered the kitchen, I knew something was w____82_____ Smashed ceramics(粉碎的陶瓷) were lying across the floor and my set of Japanese kitchen knives were gone. As I looked over the messy place, I found the upstairs bathroom door close. I knew I couldn’t hesitate. I r____83_____ back to the garage and grabbed the nearest heavy object, a hammer. As I crept back into the kitchen, I heard footsteps coming down the stairs. I raised the hammer above my head. As soon as the robber, who was wearing a motorcycle helmet(头盔), stepped down from the last step, I didn’t give him the chance to a______84___ me. I swung the hammer as hard as I could into his helmet. He fell to the ground yelping aloud and dropping the sports bag which he had been filling with the valuable from my house. After a moment, he jumped up and ran past me towards the garage door. After he had left, I was still very shaken with f_____85____ as someone had broken into my house. After passing through the rooms of the house three times, I felt s_____86____ that nobody else was there. At that point I laid the hammer down in the kitchen and called the police. When the police heard I had stayed at the house and struck the robber with a hammer, they told me that I shouldn’t play a role as a h_____87____ if I thought someone had broken into my house. Instead, I should exit the house and call the police from a safe place. 答案 宝山 81-87、still,called,brain,limit,themselves,later/left,active 崇明 81. last 82. space 83. careful 84. little 85. nothing 86. proud 87. likely 奉贤 虹口 81. physical 82. focus 83. response/revenge 84. immediately 85. because 86. lose 87. Mistake 黄浦 81-87 nothing, skill(s), badly, basic, change, rebuilt, failed 嘉定 金山 81. without, 82. prize, 83. no , 84. described, 85. training, 86. keep, 87.frightened 静安 81. why 82. memory 83. experiment 84. when 85. correct 86. easily 87. Solve 闵行 81. love 82. alone/ alive 83. situation 84. managed 85. without 86. worried 87. Encourages 浦东 普陀 青浦 81. Early 82. instead 83. health 84. waste 85. full 86. Success 87. Created 松江 徐汇 杨浦 长宁

  • ID:4-5550014 上海市2019届初三英语一模完形填空专题汇编(含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/九年级上(新版)/期末专区

    上海市2019届初三英语一模阅读B篇完形填空专题汇编 宝山 B. Choose the words or expressions to complete the passage.(12 分) Stan Lee, who helped create Spiderman, the X-Men, Iron Man, the Incredible Hulk(绿巨人), Black Panther(黑豹), and many other comic book heroes, has died. He was 95. Stanley Martin Lieber was born in 1922. When he was just 17, he got a job at a company that made comic books. As a writer, he started using the name “Stan Lee” (which sounded like his first name, Stanley). He wrote his first Captain America story in 1941. It turned out to be popular. Before he turned 19, he was __75__ all writing for the company, which became Marvel Comics(漫威漫画公司) in the 1960s. At the time, most superheroes were shown as being almost perfect. They were strong and smart and always knew the right thing to do. However, after working with some artists, Mr. Lee came up with some new ideas. He made it okay for comic book heroes to have __76__. The Fantastic Four(神 奇四侠) argued among themselves. The Incredible Hulk was a really nice guy until he got angry. Spider-Man was never sure he was doing the right thing, but he always seemed to have something funny to say to the bad guys. Besides, he also had the clever idea of having his comic book heroes __77__ in each other’s stories. For example. Spider-Man might show up in an Iron Man story. This made readers feel like there was a __78__ world of Marvel superheroes. Readers loved it. Many people say that Mr. Lee’s characters and stories helped make comic books popular again. In 1980, Mr. Lee moved to California. He wanted to try and get his superheroes onto TV and into the movies. He didn’t have too much luck at first, __79__ the Incredible Hulk and X-Men became popular TV shows. But after the success of the X-Men and Spider-Man movies in the early 2000s, movies with Marvel heroes began to come out often. Marvel movies have now earned over $24 billion. Mr. Lee has __80__ a small role in most of these movies, usually showing up on screen for just a few seconds. Mr. Lee is no longer with us, but the heroes he created live on. 崇明 B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage(选择最恰当的单词或词语完成短 文)(12 分) In northern Europe, there is a small town where many buildings have an international border(边界) running through them. This unusual town is named Baarle. Half of the town belongs to Belgium(比利时) and the other half belongs to the Netherlands (荷兰). This border is 75 white crosses on the pavement with “B” on one side and “NL” on the other. Local residents have more choices in their lives because of the special 76 of the town. For example, they can go shopping any day of the week. Shops in Belgium are closed on Sundays while those in the Netherlands are not. Therefore, when the Belgian shops have to close on Sunday, people can 77 buy anything they need in the Dutch (荷兰的) shops. Some shop owners, whose shops are divided by the border, take advantage of it by installing a front door on the Dutch side, so that they can do business seven days a week. However, there are 78 , too. For example, the Belgian Baarle and the Dutch Baarle have to seek permission from each other to build a road if the road runs right on the border. Besides, a house may have 79 street numbers if it sits on the border, which is confusing sometimes. Baarle certainly attracts tourists. People think it is funny when they and their friends are in the same restaurant, but eating in 80 countries. Next time you travel to northern Europe, don’t forget to visit this town. 虹口 B. Choose the best words and complete the passage. Narcissus was a famous character in Greek myth. Once upon a time, there was a boy called Narcissus. He was the son of a god and his beauty won the hearts of millions of women. They fell in love with him, but he turned them away. He was so ___75___ that he looked down upon and even laughed at girls who fell in love with him. One of the who loved Narcissus was a nymph(女神)called Echo. Echo could not speak ___76___-What she could only repeat what was said to her, so she couldn’t express her love for Narcissus. One day, when Narcissus was walking in the woods with some friends, he lost his way. He called out“Is anyone here?”Echo replied“Here, Here”right away. Echo stepped forward with open arms, wanting to hug him. But Narcissus ___77___ to accept Echo’s love. Echo was so upset that she ran away and hid in a small cave with nothing left except her ___78___. That’s why“echo”means repeated sound in English. Another goddess found out about this, and she decided to punish(惩罚)his behavior because it ___79___ cruelty and pain. She attracted Narcissus to a pool, where he saw his own reflection(倒影)in the water and fell deeply in love with the beauty of his reflection, not realizing it was himself. He tried to kiss it. However, as soon as he touched the surface of water, the reflection moved away. He stared at his beautiful reflection for such a long time that he forgot all about the need to eat and drink. ___80___, he lost his life. Where he died a flower grew, and that flower is called a narcissus today.(289 words) 奉贤 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage.(12 分) Do you know something about cats? Do we humans learn something good from them? Cats are animals of habit. They like to go to sleep about the same time every day and for a certain length of time. They seem to have a natural clock inside them that tells them when to sleep and when to __75__. Cats make up their regular sleep with occasional(间或的)cat naps. Some experts feel that humans could also benefit from this habit. Cat naps help to build up energy in the body. They are also a good way to overcome boredom. Since cats have moods __76__ those of humans, some experts believe people can __77__ their moods and attitudes by catnapping. People might become happier and more positive and they can finish their work more efficiently. A number of famous people have __78__ cats by taking cat naps during the day. The naps would usually last from 15 to 30 minutes. President Harry Truman, John Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson like taking naps. Winston Churchill took cat naps, too. When he was 66 years old, Churchill was appointed Prime Minister of England(任命英国首相)at the important time by King George VI. England’s army suffered many losses at the beginning of World War II. Churchill faced a large number of challenges. But with his full energy and his great ability, he led his people to victory. He was a tireless source of strength to his people. Churchill __79__ told one of his best friends privately that the reason why he was able to work long hours, often into the deep night, napping was his __80__. Perhaps more people could learn from cats and take naps to feel better and live longer. 黄浦 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage。 I will never forget the Sunday afternoons I spent at my grandfather’s farm in Western Pennsylvania when I was a little boy. Miles of winding stone walls around the house provided endless hours of ___75___ for a city kid like me. I can still remember one afternoon when I was eight years old. Since my first visit to the ___76___, I’d wanted to be allowed to climb the stone walls around the farm. My parents would never think it was good. Still, my wish to climb across those walls grew so ___77___. One spring afternoon, I picked up all my courage and entered the living room, where the adults were sitting and talking over tea after dinner. “Can I climb the stone walls?”I asked. Immediately the women in the room cried.“Heavens, no! You’;; ___78___ yourself!”I wasn’t too disappointed; their reply was just as I’d expected. But before I could leave the room, my grandfather stopped me.“Wait a minute.”I heard him say,“Let the boy climb the stone walls. He has to ___79___ to do things for himself.” “Hurry up,”he said to me,“and come and see me when you get back.”For the next two and a half hours I climbed those old walls and had the time of my life. Later I met with my grandfather to tell him about my adventure (冒险). I’ll never forget what he said.“Fred,” he said, smiling,“you made this day a ___80___ day just by being yourself. Always remember, there’s only one person in this whole world like you, and I like you exactly as you are.” 嘉定 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage. Ibby Piracha is one of many regular customers at his local café in a small town in Virginia, US. __75__, Ibby isn’t like the other regulars – he’s deaf. Krystal Payne, a new waitress, wanted to do something to make Ibby feel more __76__. So she spoke with other employees about Ibby, learning that they always did what they could to give him excellent service. But Payne wanted to take it a step further. She went home and spent her night learning American Sign Language so she could better __77__ with Ibby. The next day, she wrote him a small note saying: “I’ve been learning ASL, just so you can have the same service as everyone else.” Ibby, who was overcome with emotion over this small act of kindness, has kept the note at home ever since. Ibby was so moved by Payne’s behavior that he posted it on Facebook to share with his friends. His post was then reposted by many other people – a result that he did not __78__. But he is happy that Payne is getting the recognition she deserves. The next morning, Payne heard about the post when her manager praised her and mentioned that there were many requests from reporters to interview her. The company’s spokeswoman heard about her kind gesture and said the company was __79__ Payne’s actions. “My job is to make sure people have the wonderful service they expect and that’s what I gave him,” said Payne. Ibby sees Payne’s act of kindness as an inspiration. “It shows that she respects deaf people,” he said. Payne now knows enough ASL to take Ibby’s order, which makes Ibby’s life much easier. In the past, Ibby would have to order through text messages that he would show to the staff. Ibby still loves to visit the coffee shop, saying it is something that “gave me real __80__ -- even now, I’m still smiling”. 金山 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage.(12 分) I became a gardener when I was twelve. My early desire of gardening was not because of my love for nature. It was to make my parents rather angry. At that time, we had a big yard in which a beautiful maple tree stood. But my mother often looked at this work of natural art __75__. Those golden leaves seemed like tons of rubbish to her, “Something else to clean up!” Seeing the neighbors busy with gardening, my father even thought it a waste of time. At that age, I always did something __76__ to whatever my parents did! If gardening was something they found boring, I would plant a garden! I planted some lily seeds in the yard. But they __77__ to come up. I continued to plant sunflower seeds and roses. To my joy, I found the first rose bloom. One by one, the flowers bloomed their heads off. Finally, I was touched by this land of wonder. __78__, my parents showed no interest in my garden. My father even shouted at me because he found it was troublesome to move around my garden to the driveway. To my mother’s displeasure, I put in her vase my real roses which, in her eyes, were simply weeds rather than flowers. Although they disliked the garden, I kept on planting my garden and continued to enjoy the pleasure of gardening. Plants make such good __79__: they breathe, they bloom, they respond to care and love. It has been many years since I made my garden out of my desire to challenge my parent. Today I become known as Mrs. Green Thumbs, teaching gardening and hosting a gardening show, which makes my parents feel very __80__. And now I could say it is my love for nature that makes me a real gardener. 静安 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage. YES NO Sun Zhenyao, 13, Shanghai Li Mingyi, 14, Beijing Safety comes first. Most primary schools suggest that parents should come along with their children on their way to school. I don’t think it’s a problem for the parents. They just have to stay at the school gate a little __75__. Also, it’s very crowded around school gates in the morning. Traffic accidents may happen. Only __76__ school guards is not enough. If parents can help, there will be fewer accidents. On weekdays, guarding schools and keeping students safe should be the school’s responsibility – not the parents’. __79__, the time when they have to guard is usually about 7:40 to 8 a.m., the morning rush hour. Some parents might get caught in a traffic jam and late for their work. I don’t think this task should fall on the parents. Sun Run, 14, Zhejiang Huang Xi, 15, Jiangsu This request is not just about students’ safety, but also helping the school. It is a good __77__ to improve relations between parents and schools. Secondly, parents can set a good example for their kids by working __78__ for their school. Most of these parents are office workers. They have their own things to do. They hurry to work every morning. To meet this new request, some may have to ask time off. This will affect their work performance. I think it’s better to ask for the parents’ __80__ first. If some are willing to volunteer, they can do so. But it shouldn’t be something that every parent has to do. 闵行 B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage. Travel can be exciting but also dangerous at times. Follow these safety tips to protect yourself. ? Choose your ground transportation __75__ Whenever possible, travel in a vehicle(机动车) that is in good condition and offers working seat belts. Research the safety records of bus companies, and avoid using less-safe vehicles. ? Find information about your destination Get trustworthy __76__ about wherever you’re visiting. Find out everything, from the local laws to any travel warnings (including crime and security warnings). Make your plan according to the information. ? Review the escape route in your hotel room Let’s be honest – when you check into a hotel room, you’re more __77__ beds or swimming pools than studying the map on the back of your door. But before you get too settled in, you should take a quick look at the emergency(紧急情况) escape routes. You’ll be glad you did if an emergency arises in the middle of the night. ? Prepare a copy of your passport Before you leave, get a copy of your passport, take a photo of it to save on your cell phone, and email it to yourself. That way, if you need your passport while out (but it’s locked up in your hotel safe), you’ll have all your information. Plus, if it’s stolen, getting a replacement will be much __78__. ? Confirm(确认) visitors with the hotel desk You’re in your hotel room and there’s a knock at the door from someone saying he is the worker in the hotel. __79__ you let this person in, call down to the front desk to make sure. ?Save emergency numbers Find out what the local emergency hotlines are and save them to your phone. Also __80__ the phone numbers of your country’s embassies and save those addresses as well. 浦东 B. Choose the best words and complete the passage(选择最恰当的选项完成短文)(12 分) Having a positive attitude towards life is extremely important in all aspect, especially in an interview. Most people do poorly at interviews because they don’t have a positive attitude. In other words, they are ____75____ and forget all of their strengths and achievements. Don’t be shy! Tell the world about the good things you have done. Here are some things to encourage you and improve your performance in life. Always keep _____76___ with people you are talking to. Looking into someone’s eyes expresses honestly. Besides, your smile will cheer up everyone. Always use a handshake when you meet an interviewer. If you shake the interviewer’s hand firmly and tell your name proudly, you will ____77____ show you are serious about your occupation. Such a handshake will bring the feelings of being trustful and equal. This is the best way to make a good ___78_____. Always look on the bright side of life. ____79____ advantages of everything and everyone. Every person has shining points, find them! Be glad to learn something new every day. Be generous to share something new with your partner every day. Always say more than yes or no when you are ____80____. As long as you know the above tips, your life will gradually bring some active responses in return. 普陀 The rise of e-learning 21 February, 2053 A new study published today shows that e-learning is more popular than ever. According to a survey, 57% of students now get degrees(学位) through e-learning, with only 43% getting degrees by attending a __75__ university. We spoke to Zhong Tai, an eighteen-year-old student from Sichuan Province who started an e-learning course last month. “After I finished high school, I knew I wanted to continue to study,” Zhong Tai told us. “I really wanted to study economics at university, but I felt bad about __76__ my parents. My father suffers from a severe illness. He needs help moving around. He also needs someone to cook his meals and give him his medicine at the right time each day. My mother is a teacher, so she cannot help him during the day. We didn’t want to hire(雇) someone to look after him. It had nothing to do with money I just didn’t feel right leaving my father with a __77__. My mum suggested I go to a university nearby and continue to live at home, but none of the universities close to my home town offer economics. Then my friend suggested I find out more about e-learning. I soon learnt that I could get a good degree without going away from home. I applied to the University of London, and they __78__ me. I started an economics course with them four weeks ago.” Yet, though Zhong Tai is now a graduate at the University of London, he has never been to Britain. In fact, he has never left Sichuan. We asked Zhong Tai whether he felt bad about missing some __79__ enjoyed by students studying on the campus, such as making new friends from different places. “Not at all,” he replied. “I have made a lot of friends with people from my course online. __80__, during the evenings and weekends, I go out with my friends from high school. Since most of them also use e-learning, we all still live close to one another.” 青浦 Who owns English? In China and most other countries, English is the most important foreign languages that children will learn at school. English is now used by nearly a quarter of the world’s_____75_____ , and anywhere you go in the world, there is a good chance that someone will speak English. How did this happen? English has not always been the most ____76______ language. Until English became important in the twentieth century, people who had any education spoke French. What’s more, English spelling doesn’t give much help with pronunciation, and its grammar is difficult, _____77_____the word order. The reason why English is spoken everywhere is that in the 18th century, products from the UK were sold all over the world. And in the twentieth century, the US_____78_____ English all over the world through newspapers, television and films. It’s now used for international travel, science, industry and recently, information technology and the Internet. But it’s also important to remember that English has_____79_____ many words from other language, either exactly the same words or very similar ones. It uses “restaurant” from French, “zero” from Arabic, “piano” from Italian, and “Kongfu”, “wonton” and other words from China. So who owns English? The answer is everyone who speaks it ---the British, the Indians and the Chinese all help make it a(n) ____80_____language. We are all part of an international club where everyone speaks English. We all own English. 松江 徐汇 Do you have any effective ways of learning to share? Here are some tips on how to ___75___ the Exam Season. ? Prepare yourself My first tip is to prepare yourself for reviewing. Let me explain what I mean by this. During the term, you’re going to take a lot of notes and go to all the lectures, and these are the first steps in the learning ___76___. Now, at the end of the week, gather all the notes you took and run through them quickly. While doing this, constantly(不断地) ask yourself, “Do I understand what I am reading?” If yes, great. If not, ask a friend or a teacher; you can also _____77____ on the internet or go to a library. This take a little effort, but the results will be worth it. There are two big advantages. You understand ____78_____ before the exam period starts, so you don’t have to bother other people with your questions during this stressful time, and the second benefit is that you have seen the material before you start reviewing, so you’ll probably remember some things, and it makes reviewing ____79_____. Switch between different types of revision My second trip is to plan between different types of revision in order to study more efficiently. ____80_____you are motivated(主动积极的) to study, everyone gets bored after a couple of hours of studying. We get distracted or tired from time to time. Planning different types of active revision helps. You can , for example, study using flashcards for an hour, then work on a summary for an hour, then have lunch, etc. 杨浦 What makes an advertisement effective? You can easily answer this question if you walk around a city. A good ad is one that gets your attention and makes you focus on the important __75__, too. To learn how to create an effective ad, like a poster for example, start by __76__ the two posters on the right. Answer this without stopping to think: Which one is more effective? Yes, it’s the one at the bottom. Let’s examine why. First of all, it’s more colourful and it’s got attractive pictures. The white and black poster almost becomes invisible next to it. Colour draws attention. Moreover, it can __77__ your feelings and make you react in a certain way. Images do the same. Do the cupcakes on the poster at the bottom make your mouth water? Do they make you quickly go through the text to find out where you can get them? That’s what they’re there for! An ad isn’t just colour and pictures. You’ve got something to say, so the next thing you should do is to decide how much text you should write. Remember that people are impatient and will __78__ read a long text to see what it’s about. The amount of text should be just right to get your message across, so focus on your message and say it with as few words as possible. Your choice of font (the style of letters), font size (how big or small the letters are) and font colour also play an important role. You want the text to be __79__ to read, especially from a distance. __80__, you have to decide how you’re going to organize both the pictures and the text in the space you’ve got. A good layout helps people ‘read’ the ad quickly and communicates your message more effectively. If your poster is too busy, your message will simply get lost! 长宁 Shops have all kinds of tricks to get you in their doors, or on their websites, and spending. They are like traps to catch you, the buyer. If you know what those traps are, you can avoid falling into them. Loss leaders(亏本促销商品) Step one is to get you into the shop. The ___75___ that they do this is by advertising a product that you need at a crazy low price. The price might even be below cost. They ___76___ lose money when you buy that milk or those disapers, but you come in for that. Once in the shop you are sure to get the other things that you want and need, aren’t you? Those are called loss leaders. The expensive one makes yours seem reasonable You’re looking for a quality jacket. The one you want costs more than you ___77___, but right next to it is a very expensive one. Suddenly yours seems pretty reasonable. You decide to buy it ___78___ some people are spending even more money on jackets. You’ve been caught out! The placing of differently-priced items like this is done on purpose. They give you a place to rest You are tried from shopping and are thinking of going home. But then you see a bench, or a place to get a cheap coffee or cake. You take a break and then you are ___79___ to shop again. That is just what is likely to happen. Some shops even provide creches where parents can leave their children in order to shop more easily. That“99”really ___80___ people to buy You probably don’t believe that just because something is priced $9.99 instead of $10 you’ll buy it. But studies have proven that it is true. It is called the“left-digit effect”. Be aware of that when you shop. Avoid these traps so that you won’t spend too much. 答案 宝山 75-80、CBCDBA 崇明 75-80 ACBDAC 虹口 75. C 76. B 77. D 78. A 79. A 80. D 奉贤 75. B 76. A 77. B 78. C 79. A 80. B 黄浦 75-80 CADBDC 嘉定 金山 75-80 DABCAD 静安 75-80 BDBDAC 闵行 75-80 BDBCBA 浦东 75-80 BDCADB 普陀 75. C 76. D77. C 78. A 79. D 80. B 青浦 75-80CBADDB 松江 徐汇 杨浦 75-80 BCDCAB 长宁

  • ID:4-5478172 Module 1 Nature and environment Unit 1 Trees 知识点及练习(含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 1 Nature and environment/Unit 1 Trees

    牛津版本 8B Unit 1 Ⅰ. Words. 1. fighter 斗士;战士 e.g. She won't give up easily; she's a real fighter. 她不会轻易放弃的,她是一个真正的斗土。 Doctors and nurses are disease fighters. They always fight against all kinds of diseases. 医生和护土是与疾病斗争的战土。他们总是和各种疾病作斗争。 When the police came, the fighters ran away. 警察到来时,斗殴的人溜走了。 【知识拓展】 fight n. 打架,战斗,斗志 e. g. The two boys had a fight. 两个男孩打了一架。 fight v. (fought; fought)(常与against,with连用)打仗;战斗 e. g. People often have to fight with the enemy. 人们往往不得不抗击敌人。 2. suppose v. 推想,假设 e.g. Scientists supposed that large dinosaurs lived in swamps. 科学家们猜想大型恐龙栖居于沼泽地中。 Suppose your father saw you now, what would you say? 假设你父亲现在看到了你,你该怎么说? 3. pure adj. 纯的,纯粹的,纯净的 e.g. The water in mountain rivers is usually pure. 流经山间的河水通常是纯净的。 She speaks pure French. 她讲一口纯正的法语。 4. natural adj.自然的,自然界的 e.g. It is natural for a cat to catch mice. 猫捉老鼠是本能。 Fire is one of the natural elements in nature. 火是自然界中的自然元素之一。 【知识拓展】 nature n. 自然,自然界,大自然 e.g. This phenomenon is unique in nature. 这种现象在整个自然界是罕见的。 5. gas n. 气体 e.g. There are several kinds of gas in the air, with nitrogen amounting to the most part. 空气中有好几种气体,氮所占的比重最大。 6. release v. 释放,解放 e. g. I released the horse and it ran away. 我放了这匹马,让它跑了。 Four prisoners were released. 四名犯人被释放了。 【知识拓展】 release n. 释放;解脱 e.g. She can expect an early release from prison. 她有望早一点儿出狱。 7. chemical n. 化学物质,药品 e.g. The farmers use chemicals to kill the insects in the fields. 农民用化学药品来杀死地里的害虫。 【知识拓展】 chemical adj. 化学的 chemistry n. 化学 chemist n. 化学家,药剂师 8. nasty adj. 令人厌恶的,令人不悦的 e.g. There's a nasty smell coming from that sewer. 下水道里发出一股很恶心的味道。 Don't be so nasty! 不要发脾气啦! 9. communicate v. 沟通,通信 e.g. My net-pal and I communrcate with each other on the Internet. 我和我的网友通过网络保持联系。 The Minister for Foreign Affairs has already communicated on this event with the American President. 外交部长已经跟美国总统就此事件交换过意见了。 This room communicates with the other room. 这个房间与那个房间相通。 10. hardly adv. 刚刚,几乎不 e.g. I could hardly understand the theory. 我几乎不能理解这个理论。 We had hardly begun when it began to rain. 我们刚一举步就下起雨来了。 It was so dark that I could hardly see. 天那么黑,我几乎什么也着不见。 It hardly snows here in winter. 这里的冬天几乎不下雪。 【知识拓展】 hard adj. 坚固的,困难的 adv.努力地,剧烈地 e.g. She found it hard to make up her mind. 她发觉很难下决心。 It was raining hard last night. 昨晚雨下得很大。 11. warn v. 警告 【常用搭配】 warn somebody about something警告某人某事 e.g. warn somebody not to do something 警告某人不要做某事 The government warned the people about the coming typhoon. 政府警告人民台风将要来袭。 I must warn you not to go out. There is a storm. 我必须警告你不要出门,外面暴风骤雨。 【知识拓展】 warning n. 提醒;警告 e.g. Because of her warning, I was careful. 由于她的提醒,我很小心。 单词扩展速背: destroy v. 破坏;毁坏destruction n.毁坏;毁灭 fighter n. 战士fight v. /n. 战斗,打架 product n. 农产品production n.产品(工业方面)producer n.制片人, 制作者produce v.生产 noise n. 喧闹声, 嘈杂声,噪声noisy adj. 吵闹的; 喧闹的; 嘈杂的noisily adv. 吵闹地 fact n. 事实factor n.因素 breathe v. 呼吸breath n.呼吸 interested adj.感到有兴趣的interesting adj.令人产生兴趣的interest n.兴趣, 爱好 Scientist n.科学家Science n.科学Scientific adj.科学的 pure adj.纯净的purely adv.纯净地 warn v. 警告warning n.警告,告诫 nature n. 自然natural adj.自然的unnatural adj.不自然的naturally adv.自然地 chemical adj.化学的chemicals n.学物质(复)chemistry n. 化学(学科)chemist n.化学家 burn n. / v. 燃烧、烧伤burning adj.(中用于名词前)燃烧着的, 雄心勃勃的, 迫在眉睫的 replace v. 放回原处, 更换, 替换replacement n.更换, 解题的人或物 live v. / a. 居住、现场的living adj.活着的alive adj. 活的lively adj. 活泼的 harm n. 害处harmful adj.有害的harmless adj. 无害的harmlessly adv. 无害的 exchange v. / n. 交流, 交换change v. / n.改变, 替换 hardly adv. 几乎不hard adv. /adj. 努力地、艰难的, 坚硬的 communicate v. 交流, 沟通communication n. 交流,沟通 thank v. 感谢thankful adj. 感谢的, 感激的 main adj. 主要的 mainly adv. 主要地 contain v. 容纳container n.容器 announce v. 公告,宣布announver n. 发言人announcement n. 声明, 公告 enjoy v.享受enjoyment n.享受, 快乐enjoyable adj.令人愉快的 windsurf v. 冲浪windsurfing n. 冲浪运动 leader n. 领导者lead v. 领导 in the end 最后(可用于将来时)at the end of 在……末(可指时间或空间)by the end of 到……为止(用于时间)on the end of 在……末端上 join 参加(组织或个人、人群)take part in 参加(活动)join in参加(活动) Ⅱ. Daily expressions. 日常表达 1. be interested in 对……感兴趣 e. g. Peter is interested in playing football. 彼得对踢足球感兴趣。 指点迷津:interesting 与interested (1) interesting形容词,意为“有趣的”。 e.g.We are going to show an interesting experiment. 我们将给大家做个有趣的实验。 (2) interested形容词,意为“对……感兴趣”,短语be/become interested in。 e.g. They have become interested in science. 他们对自然科学感兴趣。 Are you interested in history? 你对历史感兴趣吗? 2. living things生物 指点迷津: alive 与living 通常情况下,alive做表语(be alive),而living 一般放在名词前做定语用。 e.g. That great man is still alive. 那个伟人依然活着。 all living things 一切生物 Latin is not a living language. 拉丁语不是现代用语。 3. on the end of…在……的末端 e.g. Have you ever noticed the rubber on the end of a pencil? 你有注意过铅笔末端的那个橡皮头吗? 4. of course当然 e. g. -Will you help me please?请你帮助我好吗? -Of course!当然可以! 5. thank…for… 为……而感谢… e.g. He thanked her for the gift. 他感谢她的礼物。 The manager thanked her crew for being so cooperative. 经理感谢她的同事们如此通力合作。 6. take…from…从……中拿出… e.g. When people take trees from the forests, have they ever thought about planting more? 当人们从森林中取走树木的时候,他们有想过要种更多的树木吗? 7. release…into… 将……释放到……中 e.g. Look, that steel work is releasing black smoke into the air. 看呀,那家钢铁厂正在向空气中排放黑烟。 8. as well as也,还 e.g. He as well as his sisters, is going to Canada. 他和他的姐妹们将要去加拿大。 She is clever as well as beautiful. 她不仅聪明,而且漂亮。 Penguins can swim under the water as well as on the top of it. 企鹅不但能在水里游,而且能在水上游。 【知识拓展】 注意区别as well as/not only…but also… ①The teacher, as well as the students, wishes for a holiday.(重点放在前者) ②Not only the students but also the teacher wishes for a holiday. (重点放在后者) 9. protect…by doing sth. 通过……保护… e.g. The parents wanted to protect their children by locking them in the house. 这对父母希望通过将孩子反锁在家中来保护他们的安全。 10. join…together将……连在一起 e.g. The trees nearby can join their roots together. 周围的树木可以将它们的根系交织在一起。 11. communicate with one another相互联系,相互沟通 e.g. Nowadays, people usually communicate with each other through the Internet. 如今,人们常常通过因特网相互联系。 指点迷津:one another, each other 一般来说,在表示两个人之间的相互关系时用each other,表示两人以上的相互关系时用one another,但在实际运用时两者皆可。 e.g. Students should help each other. 学生们应当相互帮助。 Stuttents share their ideas freely with one another. 学生们可以自由地交换他们的想法。 12. hardly any 几乎没有 e.g. He spent nearly all his money. He had hardly any left. 他几乎花光所有的钱。他几乎没有剩下任何东西。 13. in danger 处于危险中 e.g. He is in danger, please inform him as soon as possible. 他处于危险之中,请尽快通知他。 The people in the burning house are in danger. 房子着火了,里面的人正处于危险中。 14. protect sb. by/from/against ……保护 e.g. The man raised his arm to protect his face from the blow. 这个男人抬起胳膊挡住他的脸部免受拳击。 Please wear a hat to protect your head against the sun. 请戴好帽子,免得头部遭到暴晒。 15. What else…? 还有什么……? e.g. What else do you want to buy? 你还想买些什么? 【随堂小练】 I. Fill in the blanks with the given words in their proper forms. 1. We should try our best to fight ( pollute). 2. The man is a brave (fight). We should learn from him. 3. Students should clean the classroom (they) after school. 4. Sam wants to be a ( science) when he grows up in the future. 5. Boys and girls, how many (nature) elements do you know? II. Choose the right word to complete the sentence. 1. We will have a meeting to talk about the plan (at /on) the end of this week. 2. You can find a hotel (at / on) the end of the street. 3. People usually communicate ( with / to) each other in the tea bar. 4. Let's talk about the project (to / on) the Open Day. 【keys】 I. 1. pollution 2. fighter 3. themselves 4. scientist 5. natural Ⅱ. 1. at 2. on 3. with 4. on Step 4: Important Sentences structures. 1. They make streets more beautiful and less noisy. “more”和“less”用于多音节和一些双音节形容词和副词之前。“more”表示“更加”,“less”表示“不如,较差”。 e. g. Jane is less beautiful than Susan. 珍妮没有苏珊漂亮。 Susan’s more beautiful than Jane. 苏珊比珍妮更漂亮。 2. And, I suppose you also enjoy breathing pure, cool air. enjoy doing意为“喜欢做……事,享受做……事的乐趣”。 e.g. I enjoy reading books at home on Sundays. 周日我喜欢在家看书。 3. … produce enough oxygen to keep your whole class alive and healthy for a whole year. enough+n. +to do e.g. I have enough time to finish the work.我有足够的时间来完成这份工作。 adj. /adv. +enough+ to do e.g. It's warm enough to swim. 天气足够暖和,可以游泳。 He didn't run fast enough to catch the train. 他跑得不够快,没有赶上火车。 【随堂练习】 Ⅰ. Read and choose the best answer. ( )1. The boy was interested chess and volleyball. A. playing B. in play C. in playing D. of play ( )2. You must always keep your room . A. tidily B. tidy C. untidy D. untidily ( )3. The boss made my grandfather fifteen hours a day in old days. A. work B. worked C. working D. to work ( )4. I like many kinds of sports playing football and diving. A. for example B. such as C. like as D. so as ( )5. I could believe that my son worked so . A. hard; hard B. hard; hardly C. hardly; hard D. hardly; hardly Ⅱ. Rewrite the sentences as required. 1. Ted is sunbathing and having Coke on the beach. (改为一般疑问句) Ted and having Coke on the beach? 2. Trees are in great danger. (改为反意疑问句) Trees are in great danger, ? 3. We can save our earth by planting more trees. (就划线部分提问) we save our earth? 【keys】 Ⅰ.1. C 2. B 3. A 4. B 5. C Ⅱ. 1. Is; sunbathing 2. aren't they 3. How; can

  • ID:4-5427137 新版牛津上海(本地版)五四制 七年级上册语法

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/七年级上(新版)/本册综合

    新版牛津上海版七年级上册语法 知识点 特殊疑问词 特殊疑问句:以疑问代词what, who, whose, which或疑问副词when, where, why, how 等放在句首提问的句子,叫特殊疑问句。答句必须针对问句中的疑问词来回答,疑问词分为疑问代词和疑问副词。 一、特殊疑问词 (一) 疑问代词who/whom/whose/what/which 1. who, whom, whose 只能指人 who常作主语或宾语;whom作宾语,可用who替代;whose常作定语或表语。 eg: Who taught you math last year? (主语) Whom did you see? (宾语) Whose father works in Shenzhen? (定语) what用来询问物或数量,用来询问人时涉及人的职业,身份或外貌。如: What would you like to eat today? 你今天想吃什么? What is your mother ? 你妈妈是干什么的? which用来询问人或物,一般有特定的选择范围。如: Which is your sister of the two girls? 那两个姑娘中哪个是你姐姐? (二)疑问副词 常用的疑问副词有:where, when, why, how以及how引伸的一些疑问词组,如:how much (many), how long, how old, how far, how often, how soon等。他们在句中通常作状语,可表时间,方式,原因等。如: When will you come back? 你什么时候回来? Where did you put your mobile phone? 你把手机放哪 Why are you late? 你为什么迟到? How long did you stay in Beijing? 你在北京呆了多久? 二、不定冠词 1. 不定冠词是a/an,一般放在名词之前。a 用于以辅音(不是辅音字母)开头的单词前,an用于以元音(不是元音字母)开头的单词前。如: a boy 一个男孩 a European country 一个欧洲国家 an island 一座岛屿 an hour 一小时 不定冠词的用法 (1) 用在可数名词的单数形式前面 *表示一类事物或人中的任何一个。如: There is an island over there. 那儿有一座岛 Be sure to bring me a dictionary. 一定要给我带本字典来。 *表示一类事物或人,a/an 在此处不用翻译。如: An ear is an organ for listening. 耳朵是听觉器官。 A tiger is a wild animal. 老虎是一种野生动物。 (2) 用在专有名词前面,表示“一个”、“一种”、“一类”或“一个类似.....的”。如: That city is a Venice in China. 那座城市是中国的威尼斯。 容易弄错的单词总结 an hour一个小时 an honest boy一个诚实的男孩 a university一座大学 a uniform一件制服 an unusual watch一块不寻常的手表 a useful book一本有用的书 a umbrella一把雨伞 an uncle一位叔叔 一般现在时: 表示现在的状态、经常的或习惯性的动作、表示主语具备的性格和能力等。与一般现在时连用的时间状语:often, always, sometimes,usually, every day/ week/ year 等。 一般现在时的构成:(be动词型) 肯定句:主语+am/is/are+其它成分(名词、形容词、介词短语) He is an engineer. 否定句:主语+am/is/are not+其它成分 They are not in the library. 一般疑问句:Am/ Is /Are+主语+其它成分? Is it a tall tree? Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. 一般现在时的构成:(实义动词型) 肯定句:主语(除第三人称单数)+动词原形+其它成分 I get up at six every day . 主语(第三人称单数)+动词s/es +其它成分 My father usually goes to work by bus. 否定句:主语(除第三人称单数) +don’t+动词原形+其它成分 I don’t like swimming. 主语(第三人称单数)+doesn’t+动词原形+其它成分 The old man doesn’t like playing cards . ?一般疑问句:Do +主语(除第三人称单数) +动词原形+其它成分? Do the boys often go swimming in summer? Yes, they do. / No, they don’t. 主语为第三人称单数 Does+主语+动词原形+其它成分? Does she brush her teeth every day? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t. 主语是第三人称单数时,行为动词的变化规则如下: 1、一般动词在词尾加-s,如: helps, makes, gets, swims,knows, plays等 2、以s, x,ch,sh 或o结尾的动词在词尾加-es,如dresses,washes,catches,does等 3、以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,再加-es, 如fly---flies,study--- studies等 play-plays enjoy-enjoys (四)名词: 名词是表示人,事物,地点或抽象概念的名称。名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。可数名词表示可以用数字进行计算的名词,不可数名词表示不能用数字进行计算的。可数名词有单复数形式,若要表示一本书、一只鸟、一棵树等概念,需使用名词的单数形式。表示名词的单数时,要在名词前面加上冠词a或an.若要表示两个或两个以上的概念时,要用到名词的复数形式。 My younger sister has a job in a store. 我妹妹在商店工作。 She has two jobs.她打两份工。 (一)、可数名词与不可数名词 可数名词 不可数名词 个体名词 集体名词 物质名词 抽象名词 表示单个人和事物。 表示一群人或一些事物的名称。 表示物质或不具备形状和大小的个体的物质。 表示动作、状态、品质或其他抽象概念。 mother, flower, tree, bag people, police, family milk, rice, bread English,water, money, news, weather, love 注:集体名词做主语时,谓语动词可以用单数,也可以用复数,如果强调整体用单数,强调个体或成员,则用复数. The police are searching for him. The Chinese people are brave and hardworking. (二)、名词复数形式变化: (1)规则变化 1)一般变化, 在名词后加-s,如: book—books; bag—bags 2) 以s, x, ch, sh结尾的名面,加-es,如: bus—buses; box—boxes; watch—watches; wish—wishes; glass—glasses 3) 以辅音字母加-y结尾的单词,变y为i再加-es,如: city—cities; country—countries; study—studies; family—families 4) 以f或fe结尾的单词,有些将f或fe变为v, 再加-es; 有些只加-s : wife—wives; knife—knives; wolf—wolves; thief—thieves; shelf—shelves; myself—myselves; life—lives; half—halves; leaf—leaves;      roof—roofs; chief—chiefs; belief—beliefs; proof—proofs; handkerchief—handkerchiefs/handerchieves(手帕/头巾) 5) 以o结尾的名词,有些加-s ,有些加-es。如:   hero—heroes; Negro—Negroes; potato—potatoes; tomato—tomatoes (两人两菜) photo—photos; radio—radios; piano—pianos; studio—studios; bamboo—bamboos; zero—zeros/zeroes; (2)不规则变化    child—children; foot—feet; tooth—teeth; goose—geese; mouse—mice; man—men; woman—women    注意:由一个词加man或woman构成的合成词,其复数形式同上。 Englishman—Englishmen; Frenchman—frenchmen; 但German—Germans(不是合成词) 单复数同形 deer; sheep; fish; Chinese; Japanese (4)有些名词只用复数形式:     clothes(衣服); pants(短裤;裤子); jeans(牛仔裤); shorts(短裤); glasses(眼镜); scissors(剪刀)   这类词常与a pair of ; two pairs of 这样的短语连用 (5)某些词虽以s结尾,但仍为单数;    a. maths, politics, physics等学科名词,一般是不可数名词,为单数;    b. news为不可数名词;    c. the United States(the US); the United Nations(the UN) 应视为单数; (三)、不可数名词只有单数形式。 物质名词通常属于不可数名词。如: 液体和气体:water; milk; air; 思想和感觉:beauty; love; hate 极小的物体:rice; salt; sand 学校科目:English; Maths; Art 四、一般现在时中,单数可数名词和不可数名词后要用动词的第三人称单数形式;可数名词复数后要用动词原形。如: This orange comes from Germany. This coffee comes from Germany. These oranges come from Germany. 五、不可数名词的量词 物质名词的数量,一般用单位或容器的量表示,即“单位+of+物质名词”的形式。 I had a bowl of soup and two cups of tea just now. 我刚刚喝了一碗汤和两杯茶。 如 a piece of; a bottle of ; a glass of ; two cups of There be 句型: There be 句型与have(has; had)的各种形式的区别 1、there be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人) There is a vase on the table. 2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最邻近be 动词的那个名词决定,即“就近一致”。 There is a duck in the pond. There are some ducks in the pond. There is a ball and some toys on the floor. There are some balls and a toy on the floor. 3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词提到句首。在there be句型的般疑问句中,如果可数名词的复数形式和不可数名词前没有别的修饰词,往往都要用any来修饰。 There isn’t s a vase on the table. Is there a vase on the table? --Is there a post office near here? --Yes, there is . --Are there any students in the classroom? --No, there aren’t. Are there any teachers from America in your school? Is there any rice in your bowl 4、there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。 I have a lot of friends in the classroom. There are a lot of students in the classroom. 5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句,any 用于否定句或疑问句。 There is some water in the glass. There isn’t any water in the glass. 6、and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句,or 用于否定句。 There isn’t a pen or two books on the desk. 7、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语? How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语? --How many students are there in your school? --There are about two hundred (students in our school). 8、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:What’s + 介词短语? There is a bird in the tree. →What’s in the tree? There are some bikes over there. →What’s over there? There is a little girl in the room. →Who is in the room? 9、There be结构一般用在句子的开头,而have等词只能用于某一个主语后面。 (五)一般将来时 一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。 句中一般有以下时间状语: tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。 二、基本结构:分为两种: 1、will+ do. 肯定句:主语+will+动词原形+其他 Peter will go to Nanning next week. 否定句:主语+won’t(will not的缩写)+动词原形+其他 Peter won’t go to Nanning next week. 一般疑问句:will+主语+动词原形+其他? Will Peter go to Nanning next week? 肯定回答:Yes, he will. 否定回答:No, he won’t. be going to + do 肯定句:主语+am/is/are going to+动词原形+其他 Peter is going to go to Nanning next week. They are going to go to Nanning next week. I am going to go to Nanning next week. 否定句:主语+am/is/are not going to+动词原形+其他 Peter isn’t going to go to Nanning next week. They aren’t going to go to Nanning next week. I am not going to go to Nanning next week. 一般疑问句:Am/Is/Are+主语+ going to+动词原形+其他? Is Peter going to go to Nanning next week? Are they going to go to Nanning next week? Are you going to go to Nanning next week? 肯定回答:Yes, he is. 否定回答:No, he isn’t. 注意: 一般疑问句中, be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。 There is/are 句型中的将来时: There is going to be +其他 There will be+其他 (六)if条件从句 一.条件状语从句的概念 条件状语从句,表示主句动作发生的条件。即在某种条件下,一件事情可能发生。在英语中由连接词if或unless等引导的状语从句叫做条件状语从句。条件是指某一件事情实现之后(状语从句中),一件事情(主句)才能发生,通常译作“假如,只要,如果”等意思。条件状语从句中,主从句的时态要遵循“主将从现”的原则。即,主句是将来时态时,从句用一般现在时代替将来时态。 二. 条件状语从句的引导词 1. If conj . 如果,假如 If you ask him,he will help you.如果你请他帮忙,他会帮你的。 If you fail in the exam,you will let him down. 如果你考试不及格,你会让他失望的。 2. unless conj.除非,若不,除非在……的时候 (if ...not...) You will fail to arrive there in time unless you start earlier. 如果你不早点动身,你就不能及时赶到那儿。 Unless it rains, the game will be played.除非下雨,比赛将照常进行。 3. so/as long as conj.只要 You may borrow my book as long as you keep it clean. 只要你保持书的清洁,你就可以把我的书借去。 三.关于条件句的时态,常见的有以下三种情况: 1、条件状语从句的主句是一般将来时,那么从句常常用一般现在时。 When I grow up, I’ll be a nurse and look after patients. 我长大后要当一名护士,照顾病人。 2、如果主句是祈使句,那么从句通常要用一般现在时。 If you want to have a chat ,call me up. 如果你想聊天,打我电话。 一般过去时 一、一般过去时的概念: 一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:last year, yesterday, in 1990, two days ago等;也可表示过去经常反复发生的动作,常和often, always等频率副词连用。   例如:   ①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。   ②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。 二、一般过去时的构成: 1. be动词的一般过去时的构成: 第一人称单数和第三人称单数用was, 其余人称用were 例如: ①I was ten years old at that time. ②There were many people standing in front of the door. 2. 实义动词的一般过去时的构成: (1) 规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则: ①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上ed。 如:look--- work--- jump--- stay--- ②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,直接加d。 如:live--- close--- dance--- ③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加ed。 如:stop--- shop--- prefer--- ④末尾是辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先变y为i,然后再加ed。 如:study--- try--- (2) 不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。 如:am(is)--- are--- go--- come--- take--- have(has)--- 三、一般过去时的几种句型: (1) be动词的一般过去时的句型: ①肯定句结构为:主语+was / were+其它。 如:I was at home yesterday. They were really happy at the party. ②否定句结构为:主语+was not (wasn’t) /were not (weren’t)+其它。 如:I wasn’t at home yesterday. They weren’t happy at the party. ③一般疑问句结构为:Was / Were+主语+其它? 如:---Were you at home yesterday? ---Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t. ---Were they happy at the party? ---Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t. ④特殊疑问句结构为:疑问词+was / were+主语+其它? 如:---Where were you last night? ---We were at my uncle’s house. ---How was your weekend? ---It was great. (2) 实义动词的一般过去时的句型: ①肯定句结构为:主语+动词的过去式+其它。 如:He went to the toy store yesterday. We took some pictures in the park. ②否定句结构为:主语+did not (didn’t)+动词原形+其它。 如:He didn't go to the toy store yesterday. We didn’t take any pictures in the park. ③一般疑问句结构为:Did+主语+动词原形+其它? 如:---Did you go to Beijing last week? ---Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. ---Did he meet the businessman before? ---No, he didn't. / Yes, he did. ④特殊疑问句结构为:疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它? 如:---What did you do last night? ---I did my homework. ---Where did you go last week? ---I went to Shanghai with my parents. (八)人称代词及物主代词 代词(人称代词&物主代词&不定代词)★重点▲难点 含义:我们可以用代词来代替先前所提及的名词或名词短语。 John asked Sally for her telephone number, so she give it to him. ★(一)人称代词:人称代词是指人或事物的代词,有性、数、格的区别。 数 格 人 称 单 数 复 数 主 格 宾 格 主 格 宾 格 第一人称 we me we us 第二人称 you you you you 第三人称 he him they them she her it it 主格在句中作主语。例如:She is my English teacher. 宾格在句中作宾语。例如:They don’t want me to go there alone. Don’t worry. I can look after her. ▲以下几点需要注意: 1. It作为人称代词时,可以表示天气、距离、时间、环境等。 例如: It is about 10 kilometres from here. 离这儿大约有10公里。 2. It 还可用作形式主语来代替由不定式,以避免句子头重脚轻。例如: It is not easy to learn English well. 3. 人称代词she可以用指代祖国、大地、月亮。例如: We love our country, we hope she’ll be stronger and stronger. ★(二)物主代词:是用来表示物体的归属的。物主代词的含义:“谁的” .物主代词包括形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。 (注:形容词性物主代词须放在名词前面使用,形容词性物主代词须单独使用.)例如: This isn’t your gift .It is her gift. This isn’t your s .It is hers. 词 义 类 型 我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他/她/它们的 形容词性物主代词 my your his her its our your their 名词性物主代词 mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs (注:除了mine之外,名词性物主代词直接在形容词性物主代词后加s.) 思考:its 与it’s 的区别? (三)不定代词 复合不定代词:★ some any no every something anything nothing everything someone anyone no one everyone somebody anybody nobody everybody ★ 在肯定句中用somebody(=someone)/ something; 在否定句及疑问句中用anybody(= anyone)/ anything; ▲ 形容词或else修饰不定代词时,形容词或else应放在不定代词后面。 例:something new. ★疑问句中,当说话人期待对方作出肯定回答时,常用some-系列的不定代词。 例:Would you like something to eat? 课堂练习 ( )6. There is _______ packet of salt in _______ box. A. a; / B. a; the C. the; / D. the; a ( ) 7. Susan is good ________ Chinese. And she likes ________ music. A. in; listen B. in; listening C. at; listening to D. at; listen ( )8. The shoes are very nice. Can I ________? A. try it on B. try on it C. try them on D. try on them ( ) 9. There is ______ on the table. A. a bowl and two cups of tea B. two cups of tea and a bowl C. two cups of tea D. cups of tea ( )10 .--- ________ do you sleep every night? --- More than 7 hours. A. How often B. How many C. How much D. How long ( )11. —Is this ball, Joe? —No, it’s not . A. your; my B. your; mine C. yours; my D. yours; mine ( )12. – How do you like Shanghai, Joyce? -- I think it’s one of ____in the world. A. biggest city B. the biggest city C. the biggest cities D. big cities ( )13. – Are you _____ stamps? -- Yes. I enjoy____stamps very much. A. keen on, collecting B. like, seeing C. love, to buy D. interested in, to collect ( ) 14. -- ____ a letter for you. It is from May. -- Oh, I know. I will ______ it soon. A. There is, answer to B. Here is, reply to C. There is, reply D. Here is, answer to ( )15. – Did you see______in Beijing? -- Sure. A. something interesting B. anything interesting C. interesting anything D. interesting something ( )16.Let’s_____ waste time. There is going to be the final exam in two weeks. don’t B. not to C. not D. don’t to ( )17. How many________ are there in your school? A. woman teacher B. woman teachers C. women teachers D. women teacher ( )18. . – Don’t forget to bring your umbrella. -- Why? -- Look at the clouds. It_____ . A.rains B. is going to rain C. was raining D. is raining ( )19. Shenzhen is_____the south of China. A on B. in C. to D. at ( )20. .-Mike,I am so ____ that I can't believe my eyes. -I agree with you. It is so____. A.surprise;surprised B.surprised;surprised C.surprising;surprised D.surprised;surprising ( )21. On Sundays Lily____ a dancing club and practises dancing with her friends. attends B.assists C.comes D.discusses ( )22.I was______ at what he said. surprise B.surprising C.to surprise D.surprised ( )23. Only ______ know it. A.I and he B.he and you C.he and I D.I and you ( )24. -What did you do yesterday? -Well, I_____ a meeting and then had dinner with my friends. A. joined B.attended C.took part D.join in ( )25. -Wow,China is so amazing!-Yeah!China is a big country ____ a long history. A.with B.have C.has D.there is

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  • ID:4-5414176 黑龙江2018-2019学年初中四年级上学期英语期末考试试卷(图片版、含答案无听力音频及材料)

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    七年级上英语期中综合练习学案 练习一 I. Look at the pictures and complete the sentences(看图片,完成下列句子) 1 2 3 4 5 1. A policeman catches thieves and keeps the city ____________. 2. Peggy would like the dress with ____________ instead of the one with stripes. 3. Students of Class One will ____________ for their new monitor tomorrow. 4. A clock is used for ___________ the time. 5. Mr Lin invited us to listen to a concert in Shanghai Grand ____________ last Friday evening. II. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions.(根据所给音标完成句子) 1. In a supermarket, you can ____________ [ pei ] for the things you are buying at the checkout. 2. Jackie Chen is famous for his ____________ [ ’?k??n ] films. 3. Mr Sean’s jeans are too ____________ [ tait ] to put on. 4. Let’s go and get a travel ____________ [ gaid ] at the service center. 5. The little boy did ____________ [ kwait ] well in his performance. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津上海版七年级上英语期中综合练习题.docx

  • ID:4-5393366 上海市黄浦区2019届初三英语第一学期期末考试(PDF版 含答案 无听力试题)

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    黄浦区 2018 学年度第一学期九年级期终调研测试 英语试卷 2019.1 Part 2 Phonetics, Grammar and Vocabulary Ⅱ. Choose the best answer 26. Which of the following underlined parts is different in pronunciation from the others? A. Let’s relax ourselves for a while. B. Can you tell me your address? C. Go to the website to get pictures. D. Shall we have seven apples? 27. People should drive at less than 40 kilometres ___ hour on this road. A. a B. an C. the D. / 28. Happy New Year, Christina. Here’s a gift ____ you. A. in B. from C. for D. with 29. At present more and more students choose online courses and study by _____. A. they B. them C. their D. themselves 30. In 2022, Beijing will host the Winter Olympics. ___ my brother and I want to watch it. A. Neither B. All C. Either D. Both 31. Now the air in Shanghai is _____ than it used to be. Something has been done to improve it. A. good B. better C. best D. the best 32. The joke was so funny that it made Kitty __ again and again. A. laugh B. to laugh C. laughing D. laughs 33. I enjoy ____ about great people’s lives because I always learn a lot fro them and they encourage me to march on. A. read B. to read C. reading D. reads 34. –What would you like to have for supper? –Either noodles or rice ____ OK. I don’t mind. A. be B. am C. is D. are 35. When you are travelling, bring a map because it _____ help you. A. should B. may C. must D. need 36. The manager sounded ______ on the phone. He offered to show us around the company. A. softly B. gently C. seriously D. friendly 37. Before the sun ____, we need to get to the top of the mountain. A. sets B. set C. is setting D. will set 38. I first met Julia three years ago when we _____ at a radio station together. A. have worked B. are working C. were working D. had worked 39. The China International Import Expo __ new business opportunities for many countries recently. A. has provided B. had provided C. would provide D. was providing 40. When you’re learning English, use it, ___ you’ll lose it. A. and B. but C. so D. or 41. Uncle Zhang gave all his savings to poor children __ he was not rich. A. because B. though C. if D. when 42. ___ lucky the winner of the game show is! A eleven-day trip abroad for free! A. How B. What C. What a D. What an 43. –Nancy, I really don’t know how to write articles. –Don’t worry. ___ a mind map to organize your idea first. A. Used B. To use C. Using D. Use 44. –Hello, Sally! Can I see Mr. Brown? –___ I’ll tell him you are here. A. What a pity B. Just a minute C. Congratulations D. Never mind 45. –It’s said that shopping online is safe. –____ You’d better be careful. A. I agree B. I think so C. That depends D. No problem Ⅲ. Complete the following passage with the words or phrases in the box. Each can only be used once A. inside B. as C. like D. kind E. lighter I have been in China for nearly a year. As a foreigner, it’s hard for me tell what Chinese people are ___46___. But my experience in Beijing said something. A couple of weeks ago, I went to buy four big suitcases(行李箱)for travel. It suddenly rained heavily ___47___ I was going down the street. A stranger called me into his little shop. He offered me a cup of tea and a chair. When the rain got ___48___, I thanked him and rushed to a store nearby to buy my suitcases. If you’ve ever tried to push four big suitcases by yourself, you may understand my situation. I looked silly, for the suitcases were dancing wildly across the floor. Then I got a touch on the shoulder. It was the seller. He signed that I should wait. A few minutes later, he drove up in a car, and put the suitcases ___49___. Then we went driving happily along the road to my home. I offered him some money, but he refused. In broken English he said,“Feel good… help you.” Now, you can see Chinese people are always ready to help you. A. called B. consider C. possible D. type E. probably Root Vegetables Would you like to eat a root? You ___50___ already have. People and animals eat many kinds of roots. Most roots that people eat are usually ___51___ root vegetables. A root vegetable is what we call vegetables that grow underground. A carrot is one ___52___ of root vegetable. It is the orange, edible root of the carrot plant. Many people like to put it in salad. A turnip is another root vegetable. It is a member of the cabbage family. Turnips are usually eaten boiled, steamed, roasted, fried, pickled, or even raw. Although some people do not ___53___ potatoes to be a vegetable, they are a root vegetable. People like to eat them boiled, fried, and mashed sweet potatoes, yams, beets, and leeks are some other root vegetables that people like to eat. Ⅳ. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms 54. My grandma is interested in taking ________ with her mobile phone.(photo) 55. A lift is available here even if our house is a ________ century building.(sixteen) 56. After two hours discussion, they ________ reached an agreement.(final) 57. The play was very ________ on Broadway and everybody has enjoyed it.(success) 58. Lisa learns road ________ by walking to and from school along with her parents.(safe) 59. We look forward to welcoming you and with you a ________ journey.(please) 60. Tom is facing a difficult ________ between staying with his family and working in Tibet.(choose) 61. The students all found it _______ to finish so much homework in an hour.(possible) Ⅴ. Complete the following sentences as required 62. Does your breakfast-room get a wonderful view of the lake from four windows?(改为肯定句) _______ breakfast-room _______ a wonderful view of the lake from four windows. 63. Jim’s never read the book The Adventure of Tom Sawyer.(改为反意疑问句) Jim’s never read the book The Adventure of Tom Sawyer, ________ ________? 64. My father went to exercise in the fitness centre twice a week last year.(对划线部分提问) ________ ________ did your father go to exercise in the fitness centre last year? 65. We haven’t discussed yet where we are going to put our new table.(改为简单句) We haven’t discussed yet ________ ________ put our new table. 66. People will design robots to do most housework for human in the near future.(改为被动语态) Robots will ________ ________ to do most housework for human in the near future. 67. Students abroad should take good care of themselves when they are in foreign countries.(保持句意基本不变) Students abroad should ________ ________ themselves when they are in foreign countries. 68. want to, with friends, in their free time, people, have fun(连词成句) ______________________________________________________________________ Part 3 Reading and Writing Ⅵ. Reading comprehension A. Choose the best answer For his eleventh birthday, Lin was given a gift that would shape his life. On that day his father took him to the Children’s Activity Centre and said he could choose any course that interested him. There was just one requirement: Lin would have to promise to study it for at least one year. To that point Lin had had many hobbies, but none kept his interest for more than a week or two. His mum once gave him a bag of stamps to encourage stamp collecting. That hobby lasted a week. Then his father got once gave him a bag of stamps to encourage stamp collecting. That hobby lasted a week. Then his father got him some paints hoping that Lin’s artistic side would shine through. Those paints were now under his bed, some still unopened. This time Lin’s parents would let him decide. Lin’s eyes moved down the noticeboard that listed all the courses on offer. He stopped at“Photography”. He liked the idea of taking beautiful pictures but the notice said that each student needed their own camera. Although Lin’s family weren’t poor, they weren’t rich either, and a camera cost a lot of money. He continued looking. The next course to catch his eye was“Language Art”. He didn’t even know what that meant. His father explained that it taught people how to make public speeches. Lin, a shy boy, to him it couldn’t be worse. Then he saw it.“Cooking”sounded like something he’d like to do. It was inexpensive and convenient, it could be done alone and it was also creative. Based on Lin’s hobby history, his dad had doubts(疑惑),but he agreed. Much to his parents’ surprise, Lin kept his promise. He studied cooking at the Centre every Saturday, and practiced at home, making delicious meals for his family. Everyone looked forward to birthdays, when they could eat his cakes. Lin got great satisfaction from the pleasure his food brought to others. The months turned to years but his hobby never became different again. Now Lin is an adult and runs a wonderful restaurant. When customers say they enjoy his meal, he still gets the same pleasure he did as a child, and remembers the special gift he received all those years ago. 69. What hobby didn’t Lin try according to the passage? A. Cooking B. Collecting stamps C. Painting D. Making public speeches 70. Why didn’t Lin choose to study photography? A. It was too expensive B. He was not very creative C. He had no interest in it D. It was not offered that term 71. The underlined expression“catch his eye”in Paragraph 4 means“____”. A. make him excited B. cause him surprise C. get his attention D. help him see clearly 72. Which of the following best describes Lin’s interest in cooking? A. It only lasted for a short time. B. It seemed to match his character. C. It was chosen by his parents. D. It developed slowly over many months. 73. Why did the father have doubts when Lin chose cooking? A. Lin wasn’t good at cooking. B. Cooking wasn’t very convenient. C. He didn’t think Lin would continue. D. Cooking wasn’t a good hobby for a boy. 74. What’s the best title for the passage? A. A Strict Father B. The Fun of Cooking C. A Changeable Boy D. The Birthday Gift B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage I will never forget the Sunday afternoons I spent at my grandfather’s farm in Western Pennsylvania when I was a little boy. Miles of winding stone walls around the house provided endless hours of ___75___ for a city kid like me. I can still remember one afternoon when I was eight years old. Since my first visit to the ___76___, I’d wanted to be allowed to climb the stone walls around the farm. My parents would never think it was good. Still, my wish to climb across those walls grew so ___77___. One spring afternoon, I picked up all my courage and entered the living room, where the adults were sitting and talking over tea after dinner. “Can I climb the stone walls?”I asked. Immediately the women in the room cried.“Heavens, no! You’;; ___78___ yourself!”I wasn’t too disappointed; their reply was just as I’d expected. But before I could leave the room, my grandfather stopped me.“Wait a minute.”I heard him say,“Let the boy climb the stone walls. He has to ___79___ to do things for himself.” “Hurry up,”he said to me,“and come and see me when you get back.”For the next two and a half hours I climbed those old walls and had the time of my life. Later I met with my grandfather to tell him about my adventure (冒险). I’ll never forget what he said.“Fred,” he said, smiling,“you made this day a ___80___ day just by being yourself. Always remember, there’s only one person in this whole world like you, and I like you exactly as you are.” 75. A. sadness B. pity C. fun D. puzzle 76. A. farm B. house C. home D. room 77. A. weak B. high C. low D. strong 78. A. enjoy B. hurt C. forget D. lose 79. A. agree B. finish C. promise D. learn 80. A. terrible B. difficult C. special D. hopeless C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words It does not always come easy to discover oneself. From a young age, I had a strong sense of who I was to become, but an accident made me redefine(重审)my self. To me, cycling was above all. There was n___81___ in this world that filled my heart with such joy. I spent twenty-four hours a week practicing my s___82___. Having no social life or interests but cycling, my great love brought me first place medals in nearly every competition. Unfortunately, in one show, I fell down and hurt myself b___83___. After several X-rays and MRI(磁共振) scans, the doctor told me that I couldn’t return to my sport any more. The pain in my back was hard to bear and even the b___84___ daily tasks became difficult. As my passion(激情)was taken away, I had little sense of who I was to become. After eight months of suffering, something had to c___85___. Instead of wasting my days sitting around painfully, I began to put my energy into local community service projects. By volunteering as a swimming teacher and summer reading assistant for kids, I got an idea of who I wanted to become. After a few months, I spent most of the time on my interest in the arts. Little by Little, I stepped out of the shadow(阴影)and r___86___ my confidence. Sometimes, some large rocks block our way. We can choose to stay behind or try to climb over. My accident was a rock, but it f___87___ to stop me from reaching success. Today I’m a very confident and optimistic person. D. Answer the questions When I was in high school, I worked part-time helping Dad sell fruits and vegetables at a market. One day, as I was preparing the fruits, a little boy came by with his mom and sister. He was about eight years old, and the girl, six or seven. They were looking at the fruits in front of me. I heard the kids say to their mom in French.“They’re good!”I knew it was French because I can speak and understand it. Then I noticed how the mom was picking the fruits. At first I thought she was really looking at the fruits because she was facing them. But then I noticed how much she had to feel and smell each one as she picked them out. And she often asked her son if it looked okay, but looked way above where his face was. Putting what I saw together, I was sure she was blind. Both of the kids continued to help their mom pick out the fruits. The son made sure the fruits were not obviously bad, and the daughter handed them to her mom. The woman then felt each one and smiled, and the daughter would put them into their basket. The kids were smiling while helping their mom pick the fruits out. Their smile and gentle manner moved me in a way that never happened before. It was so beautiful to see such young kids so willingly help. Most kids that age would be picking out candies or toys in a store for themselves, instead of helping their mom pick out fruits as the two kids did. It was great to see the moment with my own eyes, but not so great because I didn’t tell the mom how beautiful her children were in their language. This is what I feel sorry to this day. 88. Where did the writer help his dad sell fruits and vegetables? _____________________________________________________________________________ 89. What did the woman and her kids come to the market to buy? _____________________________________________________________________________ 90. How was the woman picking the fruits? _____________________________________________________________________________ 91. Why did the woman have to feel and smell each one as she picked them out? _____________________________________________________________________________ 92. Were the kids glad to help their mom pick the fruits out? _____________________________________________________________________________ 93. What do you think the beautiful moment is? Give the detail. _____________________________________________________________________________ Ⅶ. W r iting 94. Write at least 60 words on the topic“Weekend or Not?”according to the information given.(阅读以下内容, 并以“这是汤姆的周末吗?”为题写一篇不少于 60 个词的短文,标点符号不占格。) 如今,很多孩子在父母的安排下没有了自己的周末,如下图中的 Tom,请分析图中的这种现象并谈谈你 的看法,以 Weekend or Not?为题写一篇不少于 60 个词的英语短文,向 Parents 杂志投稿,让父母们通过阅 读你的文章能有所启发。 要求: ? 简单描述“Tom”的周末状态、提出你的具体想法并给出建议; ? 短文中不得出现“Tom”以外的人名或任何校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分。 参考答案 语法 26-45 ABCDD BACCB DACAD BADBC 46-53 CBEA EADB 54-61 photos, sixteenth, finally, successful, safety, pleasant, choice, impossible 62-68 Your gets, has he, How often, where to, be designed, look after, People want to have fun with friends in their free time. 阅读 69-74 DACBCD 75-80 CADBDC 81-87 nothing, skill(s), badly, basic, change, rebuilt, failed 88. At a market 89. Fruits 90. By feeling and smelling each one 91. Because she was blind 92. Yes, they were. 作文分析 一模中考作文考查类别:记叙文、看图写话、书信、议论文。其中记叙文所占比重达 80%。 19 黄浦作文通过全命题作文:《这是汤姆的周末吗》考查学生的议论文写作能力。 一篇好的作文: 1. 审题很重要,本文的题干和要求告诉学生要描述图片主要内容同时对图片内容给出自己的想法和建议, 二者缺一不可。 2. 描述部分采用记叙方式,可以选择图片中的几个点进行展开。 3. 建议部分需要加入自己的思考和想法,着手点还是很多的,比如应该劳逸结合,过渡的学习会导致孩子 焦虑和压抑等等,还可以从 Tom 展开到学生这个群体,进行升华。

  • ID:4-5393355 上海市闵行区2018-2019学年初三英语第一学期期末考试无听力(PDF版 含答案 无听力试题)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/九年级上(新版)/期末专区

    闵行区 2018 学年第一学期九年级质量调研考试 英语试卷 (满分 150 分, 考试时间 100 分钟) Part 2 Phonetics, Vocabulary and Grammar (第二部分 语音、词汇和语法) II. Choose the best answer (选择最恰当的答案) 26. Which of the following underlined parts is different in pronunciation? A. operate B. contact C. discover D. responsibility 27. During the Golden Week, Alice and her friends had _________ good time in China. A. a B. an C. the D. / 28. The actress looked at _________ in the mirror and put on the make-up. A. she B. her C. hers D. herself 29. Jimmy and his parents visited us _________ a cold night last winter. A. at B.in C. of D. on 30. Alibaba CEO Jack Ma has decided to retire from his company in his _________. A. fifty B. fifties C. fiftieth D. fiftieths 31. Both of them are still working hard to solve the case _________ the time being. A. with B. of C. for D. to 32. I’m afraid that we need _________ six cups for tomorrow’s dinner party. A. another B. other C. others D. the other 33. Many people think China is one of _________ countries in the world. A. safe B. safest C. the safest D. safer 34. Mike, don’t be afraid to make mistakes, _________ you’ll never make progress. A. so B. or C. and D. but 35. Nowadays, people _________ pay for things conveniently with their mobile phones. A. must B. need C. can D. should 36. The song sung by the famous singer sounds so ___________ and I love it very much. A. well B. sadly C. sweet D. bad 37. The old man still coughs a lot _________ he has taken some medicine. A. although B. unless C. because D. when 38. My grandma _________ all my photographs and toys since I was born in 2004. A. kept B. has kept C. had kept D. will keep 39. Shanghai _________ the first China International Import Expo from November 5, 2018 to November 10, 2008. A. will hold B. holds C. has held D. held 40. The thief _________ on the scene when he was trying to escape from the shop. A. caught B. was caught C. had caught D. had been caught 41. Mr. Jones expected the insurance company __________ him $ 300,000 for the vase. A. to pay B. pay C. paid D. paying 42. The taxi driver denied __________ the woman at first when asked by the policeman. A. kill B. killing C. to kill D. to killing 43. __________excited I felt when I was watching the flag-raising ceremony! A. What B. What a C. What an D. How 44. –I don’t think keeping pet dogs is a good idea. Dogs create a lot of mess. --__________ It can help us become more responsible. A. I’ll take your advice B. That’s a good idea C. I don’t agree with you D. You are welcome 45. --__________. -- Oh, I’m sorry to hear it. A. My brother has been accepted by a key university. B. Would you mind looking after my pet dog when I’m away on holiday? C. We should be more independent and try to do everything by ourselves. D. Mike’s hurt in an accident and has to stay in hospital for two weeks. III. Complete the following passage with the words or phrases in the box. Each can only be used once.(将下列单词或词组填入空格。每空格限填一词,每词只能填一次)(共 8 分) A. carried out B. probably C. character D. hobbies E. common Until the early twentieth century, it was always unsuccessful to transfuse blood(输血) from one person to another person. Then in 1901, Karl Landsteiner, an Austrian scientist, discovered that there are four types of blood. These four blood types were named A, B, AB, and O. People have one of these four types. Blood type O is the most _____46_____ around the world because the number of the people with type O is the largest, while type AB is the least. If people with type A blood are given type B blood, or people with type B blood are given type A blood, they will ____47______ die. Karl Landsteiner’s research made it possible to be sure that people who need blood get the correct type. The study of blood didn’t stop. In 1972, a Japanese doctor, Furukawa Takeji, _____48_____ another research about blood. And he came up with the idea that it was possible to tell one person’s______49____ only by his blood type, which can help you know about the person quickly. A. suggestion B. matches C. laugh at D. calm E. care for For example, people with type A blood are usually serious. They always have a______50____ and careful attitude when they deal with many things; People with type B blood are cheerful, and outgoing; People with type O blood are generous and honest; while those with type AB blood are often caring and helping. They are always willing to_____51_____ others. Last year, a doctor in the United States wrote a book that links blood types and what people eat. For example, his book gives some_____52_____, like people with type O blood should eat more meat and less bread. A diet for people with type A blood includes more vegetables. His book, Eat Right for Your Type, has been a hit with people who want to lose weight. What’s more, the book says eating food that ____53______ a person’s blood type can not only help them lose weight but also make them healthier. IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms (用括号中所给单词的适当形 式完成下列句子,每空格限填一词) (共 8 分) 54. John is in the __________ place in the school’s tennis match this year. (four) 55. It is reported that several __________ happened in the village last year. (robbery) 56. The new meeting room in our school is twice as big as __________.(they) 57. Many people are amazed at the __________ of the Hangzhou Bay Bridge. (long) 58. You should work hard enough if you want to __________ in the final exam.( success) 59. AI(人工智能) technologies __________ people to live an easier and more comfortable life.(able) 60. __________, I’ve started to do a lot of walking and cycling to lose weight. (recent) 61. It is __________ for a boy of seven to finish such a difficult project. (possible) V. Rewrite the following sentences as required(根据所给要求,改写下列句子。62-67 题,每空格限 填一词。) (共 14 分) 62. The headmaster will attend the meeting next week. (改为否定句) The headmaster __________ __________ the meeting next week. 63. Many people like watching the TV series. (改为反义疑问句) Many people like watching the TV series, __________ __________? 64. Miss Smith will return to her hometown from America in three years.(对划线部分提问) __________ __________ will Miss Smith return to her hometown from America? 65. He went to the summer camp in order to improve his language. (保持句意不变) He went to the summer camp __________ __________ he could improve his language. 66. They do much research work in many fields of science every year.(改为被动语态) Much research work__________ __________ in many fields of science every year. 67. “Are you talking to your friend on the Internet?” Mrs. Green asked her son.(改为宾语从句) Mr. Green asked her son __________ he __________ talking to his friend on the Internet. 68. help, memorize something, is , a good way, to , making a picture, us (连词成句) ________________________________________________________________________________ Part 3 Reading and Writing (第三部分 读写) V. Reading comprehension (阅读理解) (共 50 分) A. Choose the best answer (根据短文内容,选择最恰当的答案)(12 分) The following is an online restaurant guide with customer reviews. www.hungryharry.com.hk Hungry Harry’s Restaurant Guide The Green Shadow – vegetarian food health specialists Address: 40 King’s Road, Hong Kong Tel: 5555 1122 Business hours: 11.30 a.m. to 9.30 p.m. (Monday to Saturday) This vegetarian restaurant is above a popular gym with lots of healthy eaters. You can hear soft music and see lots of green plants near the reception area, plus a fountain trickles(滴) peacefully in a corner. The waiters all know how to recommend dishes that suit a customer’s blood type. Customer reviews I go there often. The helpful waiters always recommend delicious dishes, like pumpkin soup with healthy wheat bread. The atmosphere is cosy, but the food is expensive. The waiters are little arrogant(自大的); they think they know everything about food. Anyway, how many more vegetarian restaurants does this city need? The Enchanted(令人陶醉的) Café – a fantasy theme steakhouse Address: 78 Party Lane, Hong Kong Tel: 5555 1369 Business hours: 11 a.m. to 10 p.m. (Sunday to Saturday) The restaurant looks like the inside of an old castle, with dim lighting and mysterious music. Waitresses serve burgers and steaks in witch(女巫) costumes. They also do magic tricks. Customer reviews The Enchanted Café is such a fun place to visit, and the food is really tasty too! The mushroom burgers are pure magic! Yum! I don’t care how much the food costs; the performing waitresses are worth the visit! You can also eat some amazing cakes there. Rock and Roll Pizza House – traditional pizza served with a smile Address: 55 North Avenue, Hong Kong Tel: 5555 9987 Business hours: 1.30 p.m. to 11.30 p.m. (Sunday to Saturday) An American-style restaurant serves fresh pizza with a variety of toppings. The waiters go from table to table on roller skates in their bright red uniforms. Customers can enjoy some golden oldies(老歌) from the 1950s in a friendly atmosphere. Customer reviews They don’t have any garlic! What kind of place has no garlic? I also asked for some extra cheese on my pizza, but I didn’t get any. The service there was horrible! I can’t tell you how many times a waiter stumbled(绊倒) while serving the pizza. It is dangerous! They don’t sell any good drinks either. 69. If you want to go to the Green Shadow, you can dial ________. A. 5555 1368 B. 5555 1122 C. 5555 9987 D. 5555 2211 70. You can go to ________ for lunch at 11:00 a.m. on Sunday. A. Hungry Harry B. The Green Shadow C. The Enchanted Café D. Rock and Roll Pizza House 71. The underlined word “cosy” in Line 14 means “________”. A. heavy B. changeable C. comfortable D. amusing 72. At Rock and Roll Pizza House, ________. A. there are a lot of green plants near the reception area. B. waitresses serve burgers and steak in which costumes. C. waiters all know how to recommend delicious food. D. customers can enjoy some golden oldies from the 1950s. 73. The underlined word “It” in the last paragraph refers to “________”. A. Not having garlic B. Serving food on roller skates C. Asking for extra cheese D. Selling any good drinks 74. According to the online restaurant guide, which one of the following is NOT true? A. All three restaurants received positive reviews. B. Two of the restaurants open seven days a week. C. The Rock and Roll Pizza House has the music from the 1950s. D. The Green Shadow does not serve steak. B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage. Travel can be exciting but also dangerous at times. Follow these safety tips to protect yourself. ? Choose your ground transportation __75__ Whenever possible, travel in a vehicle(机动车) that is in good condition and offers working seat belts. Research the safety records of bus companies, and avoid using less-safe vehicles. ? Find information about your destination Get trustworthy __76__ about wherever you’re visiting. Find out everything, from the local laws to any travel warnings (including crime and security warnings). Make your plan according to the information. ? Review the escape route in your hotel room Let’s be honest – when you check into a hotel room, you’re more __77__ beds or swimming pools than studying the map on the back of your door. But before you get too settled in, you should take a quick look at the emergency(紧急情况) escape routes. You’ll be glad you did if an emergency arises in the middle of the night. ? Prepare a copy of your passport Before you leave, get a copy of your passport, take a photo of it to save on your cell phone, and email it to yourself. That way, if you need your passport while out (but it’s locked up in your hotel safe), you’ll have all your information. Plus, if it’s stolen, getting a replacement will be much __78__. ? Confirm(确认) visitors with the hotel desk You’re in your hotel room and there’s a knock at the door from someone saying he is the worker in the hotel. __79__ you let this person in, call down to the front desk to make sure. ? Save emergency numbers Find out what the local emergency hotlines are and save them to your phone. Also __80__ the phone numbers of your country’s embassies and save those addresses as well. 75. A. regularly B. properly C. directly D. quickly 76. A. conclusions B. advertisements C. memories D. details 77. A. surprised at B. careful with C. interested in D. used to 78. A. worse B. cheaper C. easier D. clearer 79. A. While B. Before C. Until D. As 80. A. look up B. fill in C. work out D. deal with C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. Have you ever been in an animal rescue? It can be very heartbreaking, but sometimes, with l__81__ and skill, a tragic story can turn into an inspiring one. This is what happened to Winter, the dolphin. Winter was found off the coast of Florida in December of 2005. She was just a few months old, a__82__, and caught in a crab trap. The ropes from the trap were wrapped tightly around her body. The fisherman who found her called for help. And a rescue team soon arrived. But the s__83__ was really tough. The ropes had cut off the blood circulation to her tail. She was badly hurt. People didn’t think she would survive. Most dolphins who become trapped in ropes die. Hoping for a miracle and racing against time to save her, the rescuers transferred her to the Clearwater Marine Aquarium in Florida. After much hard work, the doctors m__84__ to save Winter, but sadly, not her tail. Her tail were too damaged and had to be removed so Winter could live. The little dolphin Winter didn’t die, but she would never be able to swim normally w__85__ a tail. Thankfully, the story doesn’t end here. Winter was able to swim, but not very well. Because he didn’t have a tail, she moved to her body in a side-to-side motion like a shark. But the doctors at the aquarium were w__86__ that the strange movement would hurt her back bones. Kevin Carroll heard Winter’s story, and thought he could help. He is an expert who is good at treating disabled people. If he could help people, why not help a dolphin? He started working with Winter and came up with a solution. Now Winter can swim like other dolphins. Winter’s story also e__87__ the disabled. We all have the right to live and to live well. D. Answer the questions. I-Shou Lin(林义守) is a very successful businessman. When he was a child, he had no opportunity to get a formal education, but didn’t let that hold him back. By the age of ten, he had begun a few small businesses. In 1988, Lin started a steel factory in Taiwan where he was born, and then developed it well. 11 years later, the production doubled. During this time, his mom reminded him of the importance of education. Because he had made some money, she felt he had a social responsibility to help in this field. Then Lin realized that few students studied electrical machinery. So he started Kaohsiung Polytechnic Institute (KPI), which was later upgraded to I- Shou University. When asked about education, Lin replied that the next generation needed to be educated from an international point of view. And in 2004, I-Shou International School was set up. After suffering a serious illness, Lin realized that life is priceless. He looked for more ways to improve people’s lives. As a result, he established a world-class hospital with the latest equipment and best-trained staff. I-Shou university’s medical school combines education and medicine to educate students to serve those in need. Life needs fun as well. Having travelled to many countries and regions, Lin thought Taiwan should be as desirable as Singapore, Hong Kong and Macau. Then he developed E-DA World. It includes one of Asia’s best outlet malls as well as the region’s largest amusement park and theater. What do steel production, ________, ________ and entertainment have in common? The answer is: I- Shou Lin! 88. Did I-Shou Lin get a formal education? ________, ________________________________ 89. Where was Lin born? ________________________________________ 90. Why did Lin set up I-Shou International School? ________________________________________ 91. What can Lin’s hospital provide? ________________________________________ 92. When did he develop E-DA World? ________________________________________ 93. What can be filled in each blank in the last paragraph? Give your reason. ________________________________________ VII. Writing 94. Write a passage of at least 60 words on the topic “Sharing”.(根据中文提示,以“分享”为题写一篇 不少于 60 个词的短文,标点符号不占格。) 提示:生活中每个人都有过与他人分享的经历,如分享一本有趣的书、一段难忘的经历、一个闪光 的想法、一次美好的旅行……,结合你自己的生活体验,描述一次你与他人分享的经历,并谈谈你 的感受。 参考答案 语法 26-30 CADDB 31-35 CACBC 36-40CABDB 41-45ABDCD 46-49 EBAC 50-53 DEAB 54. fourth 55. robberies 56. theirs 57. length 58. succeed 59. enable 60. Recently 61. impossible 62. won’t attend 63. don’t they 64. How soon 65. so that 66. is done 67. if/ whether was 68. Making a picture is a good way to help us memorize something. 阅读 69-74 BCCDBA 75-80 BDBCBA 81. love 82. alone/ alive 83. situation 84. managed 85. without 86. worried 87. encourages 88. No, he didn’t 89. He was born in Taiwan. 90. Because his mom reminded him of the importance of education. 91. The latest equipment and best-trained staff. 92. After he had travelled to many countries and regions 93. education, hospital

  • ID:4-5393350 上海市杨浦区2018-2019学年初三第一学期期末英语考试试卷(PDF版 含答案 无听力试题)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/九年级上(新版)/期末专区

    杨浦区 2018 学年度第一学期期末质量调研 初三英语 Part 2 Phonetics, Grammar and vocabulary II. Choose the best answer. 26. Which of the following words is pronounced as /peil/? A. pole B. pill C. pearl D. pale 27. Go to ________ sleep early. Then you will be able to concentrate in class tomorrow. A. a B. an C. the D. / 28. ________ the end of the movie, Sherlock Holmes revealed who the killer was. A. In B. By C. At D. To 29. No one helped Lisa with her survey report. She finished it all by ________. A. she B. her C. hers D. herself 30. ________ is really rude to cut in line while other people are waiting their turn. A. One B. It C. This D. That 31. There are some places where I never feel ________. For example, public rest rooms. A. save B. safe C. safely D. safety 32. The company is looking ________ staff who are willing to learn new skills. A. for B. at C. up D. after 33. Dogs are good pets, ________ I do not like it when they leave hair all over. A. or B. but C. and D. so 34. --How was the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympics? --It wasn’t ________ as I thought it would be. A. exciting B. more exciting C. so exciting D. most exciting 35. I ________ a mystery movie on TV this time yesterday. A. watch B. am watching C. watched D. was watching 36. I ________ open this window. I think it’s stuck. A. can’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. had better not 37. This article mainly talks about how ________ the environment. A. protect B. protects C. to protect D. protecting 38. He denied ________ the wild party while his parents were out of town. A. have B. to have C. having D. to having 39. When Jack entered the room, I didn’t recognize him because he ________ so much weight. A. had lost B. loses C. has lost D. would lose 40. The young student ________ guilty of changing information about grades in the school database. A. finds B. found C. be found D. was found 41. Children are not allowed into the cinema ________ they are with an adult. A. unless B. so that C. as soon as D. although 42. Not only the customers but also the sales manager ________ in favour of the system. A. be B. am C. is D. are 43. --Your dog knows a lot of tricks. ________ do you train him? --Only about ten minutes every day. A. How long B. How often C. When D. Why 44. --Black cats are a symbol of bad luck in the US. --________ A. Yes. That’s why people don’t like them. B. Right. Everyone keeps them as pets. C. I know. They’re so dark that I can’t see. D. I agree. It’s nice to hold them in arms. 45. --My package hasn’t arrived yet. What’s taking so long? --You just placed your order last night. ________ A. Watch out! B. Be patient! C. How terrible! D. Shut up! III. Complete the following passage with the words in the box. Each word or phrase can only be used. A. beat B. power C. actually D. response E. responsible We’re hearing a lot these days about something called AI, or artificial intelligence. Put simply, AI is intelligence that is displayed by machines. In the beginning of computer technology, machines were __46__ quite stupid. They could only do what people told them to do, and computers didn’t have the __47__ to do anything complex. Slowly, that began to change. In 1989, two AI programs, Hi Tech and Deep Thought, showed advanced problem solving skills after they __48__ human masters in the game of chess. It was then that people began to see the true potential(潜能) of AI. Today, AI can be used at work in our factories, online, and in our daily lives. Siri, the iPhone’s digital assistant, is a good example. Users can say almost anything to Siri and get a surprisingly humanlike __49__. A. situations B. operate C. amazing D. recently E. amazed There are other intelligent personal assistants, like Google Assistant, which is an app that works with smart devices in your home. When it is given commands, it will connect to your other devices, allowing users to __50__ their home appliances remotely. In late 2017, the world was __51__ when Sophia, a human-like robot, made the news again. Developed by Hong Kong’s Hanson Robotics, she was designed to work with humans and adapt to their behavior. She was interviewed by the press and was even given Saudi Arabian citizenship. And more __52__, Sophia spoke at Brain Bar, which describes itself as “The Biggest European Festival of the future”. It is clear from the video that Sophia continues to improve and update. The robot even says that “just a few months ago, I couldn’t tell a dog’s face from a human’s face, but now I can. It’s already saved me from a few embarrassing __53__.” IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 54. You’re always making ________ for your failure to achieve long-term change. (excuse) 55. Huawei has overtaken Apple to become the world’s ________ largest smartphone maker. (two) 56. ________ visit to the island was a trip of a lifetime and one we thoroughly enjoyed. (us) 57. Did you hear the actor’s acceptance ________ at the Oscars ceremony? (speak) 58. They killed four policemen while they were trying to ________ a bank. (robbery) 59. Many villagers were ________ injured in the wild forest fire. (serious) 60. The film is quite ________, so many people have trouble trying to understand its meaning. (usual) 61. They have come up with some ________ ideas to make the event fun and memorable. (create) V. Rewrite the following sentences as required. 62. I have never spoken publicly before.(改为一般疑问句) ________ you ________ spoken publicly before? 63. We can make people’s faces look funny by making greater some of their features.(对划线部分提问) ________ ________ we make people’s faces look funny? 64. Someone tried to enter our house by force while we were away.(保持句意基本不变) Someone tried to ________ ________ our house while we were away. 65. “Did you meet at the underground station?” asked the detective.(保持句意基本不变) The detective asked ________ we ________ at the underground station. 66. They sell this food in natural food stores throughout North America.(改为被动语态) This food ________ ________ in natural food stores throughout North America. 67. Take water with you if you’re going for a walk in the desert.(保持句意基本不变) Never walk in the desert ________ ________ water with you. 68. skills, become, are required, what, a cartoon artist, to(连词成句) ________________________________________________? Part 3 Reading and Writing VI. Reading comprehension. A. Choose the best answer. Did you know that a lot of the technology we use today appeared in books before scientists invented it? E-book readers didn’t appear until 1999, but as long ago as 1961, author Stanislaw Lem wrote about them in his book, Return from the Stars. Cash machines were invented in the 1980s. But Ray Bradbury thought of them first, in his 1953 novel, Fahrenheit 451. Scientists are working on all these ideas from books and films. How far have they got? Back to the Future Part II, Steven Spielberg (1989) When Marty and his friend travel to the future, one of the most amazing machines they find is flying cars. The cars fly along ‘roads’ in the sky which have signs and streetlights. AI, Steven Spielberg (2001) based on Super-Toys Last All Summer Long, Brian Aldiss (1969) When a young child dies, his mother is given an android which looks and behaves exactly like a real boy. The robot loves her like a son. Iron Man Marvel Comics (1963) Marvel films (2008 onward) A rich scientist and engineer is badly hurt. To save his own life, he builds himself a robotic heart and a powerful metal suit which makes him stronger and faster than any other man. He becomes a cyborg – part man, part machine. Minority Report short story by Philip K. Dick (1956) and a film by Steven Spielberg (2002) Tom Cruise plays a detective who can stop crimes before they happen. His team use information from psychics, who can see the future. They know who will break the law and when it will happen, but they don’t know where. Another idea that appeared in Minority Report is personalized advertising. All around the future city there are advertising billboards which use cameras to recognize the people walking by. The billboards speak to people by name and suggest things to buy. 69. What kind of stories are these films and books? A. Detective stories. B. Science fiction. C. Children’s stories. D. Myths and fables. 70. What do e-book readers and cash machines have in common? A. People have already invented both technologies in real life. B. They both appeared in the films directed by Steven Spielberg. C. They both gave authors ideas to write exciting stories. D. They both appeared at the beginning of the twentieth century. 71. According to the text, android is ________. A. a person who can predict the future B. a system designed for mobile devices C. a human with a robotic heart D. a robot who can love and be loved 72. Which film is based on the comic books? A. Back to the Future Part II B. AI C. Iron Man D. Minority Report 73. The idea of ________ comes from Back to the Future Part II. A. flying cars B. cash machines C. cyborgs D. smart advertising 74. Which of the following might be the review of the film Minority Report? A. B. C. D. B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage. What makes an advertisement effective? You can easily answer this question if you walk around a city. A good ad is one that gets your attention and makes you focus on the important __75__, too. To learn how to create an effective ad, like a poster for example, start by __76__ the two posters on the right. Answer this without stopping to think: Which one is more effective? Yes, it’s the one at the bottom. Let’s examine why. First of all, it’s more colourful and it’s got attractive pictures. The white and black poster almost becomes invisible next to it. Colour draws attention. Moreover, it can __77__ your feelings and make you react in a certain way. Images do the same. Do the cupcakes on the poster at the bottom make your mouth water? Do they make you quickly go through the text to find out where you can get them? That’s what they’re there for! An ad isn’t just colour and pictures. You’ve got something to say, so the next thing you should do is to decide how much text you should write. Remember that people are impatient and will __78__ read a long text to see what it’s about. The amount of text should be just right to get your message across, so focus on your message and say it with as few words as possible. Your choice of font (the style of Packed with non-stop action from start to finish, it is the best film in the series and among the best Marvel-inspired films ever. I love its central theme of mother and child, and I love the way it takes a Pinocchio-like fairy tale and puts it into an adult content. The reason I love this one is because the time travel is used so incredibly well here. The ideas they came up with are so interesting and so well communicated. By turning Dick’s story into a thriller, Spielberg has been true to the story. He’s transformed something dark and scary into something softer and more comfortable. letters), font size (how big or small the letters are) and font colour also play an important role. You want the text to be __79__ to read, especially from a distance. __80__, you have to decide how you’re going to organize both the pictures and the text in the space you’ve got. A good layout helps people ‘read’ the ad quickly and communicates your message more effectively. If your poster is too busy, your message will simply get lost! 75. A. task B. information C. goal D. proof 76. A. discovering B. memorizing C. comparing D. recognizing 77. A. express B. hide C. link D. affect 78. A. probably B. mainly C. rarely D. definitely 79. A. easy B. enjoyable C. basic D. serious 80. A. However B. Finally C. In conclusion D. As a result C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. A healthy mind The brain is the most fascinating part of our body. Even though there has been all medical research, n__81__ really understands everything about it. Like the rest of our body, our brain needs to be cared for. The ways that we keep our mind healthy can be quite s__82__. Getting a good night’s sleep, eating a balanced diet and taking deep breaths are all important methods of looking after both your body and your brain. Many people think their brain will slow down with age and their memory will get worse as a result. The t__83__ is, just like your body, you can also improve your mind. I’ve found I can improve my memory by i__84__ what I need to remember. For example, if I’m going shopping and I need bread, milk and a birthday card for my brother, I form pictures of a loaf of bread, a carton of milk with a cow on the front and a birthday card with a football on it. The same kind of method can be used with important dates. If you have a picture in your mind of a particular event, it’s much e__85__ to remember than just a number on a calendar. Another way of improving your mind is to make sure you r__86__ visit new places and have new experiences. Traveling more often has much more long-term benefits than you would have ever expected. Personally I find learning English is a great way to keep the brain working, but communication with others in any language is important. Having a c__87__ is much better for your brain than staring at a computer screen or at other people talking on TV. D. Answer the questions. Dear Mrs. Smith, I regret to inform you that your order for bed clothes and curtains will not arrive on schedule. The reason for this is the factory that supplies our fabrics(面料) flooded during the typhoon over the weekend. All of the material it had in stock(存货) was ruined, and its workers now have to clean up the factory. This includes repairing some of the looms it uses to make the fabrics. As a result, it will take an additional two weeks for them to send us the fabrics. Since you custom- ordered these fabrics, the factory has agreed to deal with your order first. As soon as we receive it, my company will also give your order priority; after all, you are a valuable customer for us. We’ll try to get all the bed clothes and curtains done as soon as possible. I’ll email you when we start sewing work, and again when the items are finished and we’ve done quality control on them. __92__, and I hope you will continue to use our services in the future. Sincerely, Joes Sewing Company 88. What did Mrs. Smith order from Joes Sewing Company? 89. Why couldn’t the factory supply fabrics on schedule? 90. How long will it take for the factory to send the fabrics? 91. What does Joes Sewing company promise Mrs. Smith? 92. What best fits the blank? 93. Will Mrs. Smith be satisfied with the solution? Why or why not? VII. Writing 94. Suppose you are Mark. You witnessed a crime. Write a diary in 60-120 words about it.(假设你是 Mark,看到了一起犯罪活动,就你所见所为写一篇 60-120 个词的日记,标点符号不占格) The following questions are for reference: ? Who did you see? ? When and where did you see them? ? What were they doing? ? How did you feel? ? What did you do then? 参考答案 语法 26-30 DDCDB 31-35 BABCD 36-40ACCAD 41-45ACBAB 46-49CBAD 50-53BECA 54. excuse 55. second 56. Our 57. speech 58. rob 59. seriously 60. unusual 61. creative 62. Have, ever 63. How, can 64. break into 65. if/whether, met 66. is sold 67. without any 68. What skills are required to become a cartoon artist? 阅读 69-74 BADCAD 75-80 BCDCAB 81.nobody 82. simple 83. truth 84. imaging 85. easier 86. regularly 87. conversation/ chatting 88. Bed clothes and curtains 89. Because the factory flooded during the typhoon over the weekend. 90. It will take an additional two weeks. 91. Order priority 92. We are really sorry for this. 93. Yes, I think so. Because Joes Sewing gives Mrs Smith order priority and promises that they will try to get all the bed clothes and curtains done as soon as possible.

  • ID:4-5389480 上海市嘉定区2018-2019学年初三英语一模测试(无听力部分含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/九年级上(新版)/期末专区

    Part 2 Phonetics, Grammar and Vocabulary II. Choose the best answer. 26. Everyone knows health is more important than wealth. Which of the following is correct for the underlined part? A. /wel?/ B. /welθ/ C. /weil?/ D. /weilθ/ 27. Which of the following underlined parts is different in pronunciation from others? A. There’s no lack of vegetable. B. Lucy surfed the Net to gather information. C. He always behaves well at school. D. Mr. Smith bought a magazine on his way home. 28. We have to take action immediately to prevent the situation ________ getting worse. A. with B. from C. for D. to 29. This work needs close teamwork. ________ will be achieved unless we work well together. A. Nothing B. Anything C. Something D. Everything 30. Tom and his brother are considering ________ up a mobile snack bar. A. set B. to setting C. to set D. setting 31. ________ important news is to everybody in modern society! A. What B. How C. What an D. How an 32. --________ can you finish the report on environmental protection? --In two weeks. A. How far B. How much C. How often D. How soon 33. --Would you like some green tea? --No, thanks. I ________ drink green tea. It hurts my stomach. A. seldom B. almost C. only D. still 34. The effective way of improving spoken English is ________ it as often as possible. A. speak B. spoken C. to speak D. to speaking 35. --Excuse me, but can you tell me where the nearest bank is? --Just ________ going straight for two more blocks and you’ll see it. A. keep B. to keep C. keeping D. keeps 36. The government plans to increase the bike lanes ________ the problems on traffic can be solved. A. if B. until C. as soon as D. so that 37. When the doorbell rang, I ________ my lessons in the study to prepare for the final exam. A. was reviewing B. reviewed C. had reviewed D. would review 38. My mother is a creative cook. She often cooks ________ for me every weekend. A. anything different B. nothing different C. something different D. everything different 39. --Compare the speeches by the students from different schools, you will find Frank’s is ________. --Sure. That’s why we voted for him. A. interesting B. most interesting C. more interesting D. the most interesting 40. Jessie likes taking photographs and she has ________ the hobby group at school. A. taken part in B. joined C. attended D. come into 41. An official ________ by some reporters on food problems in Shanghai yesterday. A. is interviewing B. is interviewed C. was interviewing D. was interviewed 42. --Lily, why are you still here? School is over for half an hour. --Because I ________ my task yet. I still need one more hour. A. won’t finish B. didn’t finish C. haven’t finished D. hadn’t finished 43. Professor Li wanted to know ________. A. when would the conference begin B. when the conference would begin C. when will the conference begin D. when the conference will begin 44. --Students should be allowed to have mobile phones. They can call parents easily. --________ Actually they often use them to play games instead. A. I hope so. B. I don’t quite agree with you. C. I thinks so, too. D. No problem. 45. --Johnson fell down from his motorcycle and hurt his left leg this morning. --________ Shall we go and see him together this afternoon? A. I’m sorry to hear that. B. That’s all right. C. Never mind. D. Don’t worry. III. Complete the following passage with the words in the box. Each can be used only once. A. worry B. difficult C. developments D. possible E. technologies Artificial intelligence (AI) (人工智能) is growing rapidly. We are living in a world that depends more and more on AI. AI is a group of __46__ that help machines get, understand and use information to solve problems. AI’s recent __47__ have got a lot of social attention. Some people have welcomed AI because it makes things __48__. For example, AI will have a big influence(影响) on areas like medicine and engineering. But this attention has also produced a lot of fear. Especially, many workers __49__ that AI could make them lose their jobs. A. create B. disappear C. completely D. communication E. hardly According to a recent study, nearly five percent of jobs will __50__ because of AI. In some industries, AI is already doing the work that people used to do, such as assembling cars, digging the coal and lifting goods. Self-driving cars and trucks controlled by AI will also take away the driver’s jobs in the future. On the other hand, AI will also __51__ many new chances for people. More people will be needed to write programmers for AI systems and work on them, too. Meanwhile(同时), work which requires feelings, excellent __52__ skills with people will not be replaced by AI, such as teaching nursing and personal training. AI is here. It is changing people’s life and work __53__ in many ways. That makes important to watch, not to fear. IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 54. Charles began to write in his ________ and soon became famous. (twenty) 55. Many university students enter for these courses to ________ skills for their future jobs. (wide) 56. When you think of Venice, does it bring any other ________ city to your mind? (Europe) 57. The expert says teamwork and leadership are necessary for ________. (succeed) 58. The customers felt ________ with the quality of the service of the restaurant. (satisfy) 59. I lived in London for many years, but I’ve never regretted my final ________ to move back to China. (decide) 60. With the rapid population ________ many primary schools will be built in our city. (grow) 61. The best way to manage money is ________ to make a budget and avoid unnecessary spending. (probable) V. Rewrite the following sentences as required. 62. His roommate set out at sunset for a night’s hiking.(改为否定句) His roommate ________ ________ out at sunset for a night’s hiking. 63. The government will continue to save energy and reduce pollution this year.(对划线部分提问) ________ will the government continue to ________ this year? 64. Teenagers mustn’t smoke because smoking does harm to their health.(保持句意基本不变) Teenagers ________ ________ to smoke because smoking does harm to heir health. 65. People in western countries hardly talk loudly in public.(改为反义疑问句) People in western countries hardly talk loudly in public, ________ ________? 66. Our school will hold a big graduation ceremony in the indoor stadium next month.(改为被动语态) A big graduation ceremony will ________ ________ in the indoor stadium next month. 67. The manager said to me, “Why didn’t you attend the lecture?”(改为宾语从句) The manager asked me why ________ ________ attended the lecture. 68. deeply, the athlete, competition, about, was, the, upset, unfair(连词成句) ________________________________________________________. Part 3 Reading and Writing VI. Reading comprehension A. Choose the best answer. You Are Wanted Are you look for something fun and want to help others in your spare time? Then join us to be a volunteer! On January 26, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., Clinton Middle School will be holding a music festival in the school gym. The special event will feature a variety of eminent artists and musicians who won lots of international rewards. Task Time Date Make poster 1 p.m. – 4 p.m. January 20 Set up the gym 11 a.m. – 4 p.m. January 23 Help performers 9 a.m. – 4 p.m. January 26 Welcome guests 10 a.m. – 2 p.m. January 26 Clean up the gym 4 p.m. – 7 p.m. January 26 We are looking for Clinton students to help with the jobs. Interested students should send an e-mail to Ms. Braxton (Clinton2018@aol.com), the music teacher. Students who would like to help at the festival must have written permission(同意书) from your parents. 69. The music festival will begin ________. A. at 9 a.m. B. at 10 a.m. C. at 11 a.m. D. at 4 p.m. 70. What does the underlined word “eminent” mean? A. strange B. famous C. creative D. responsible 71. ________ should be done before the festival. A. Setting up the gym B. Welcome the guests C. Cleaning up the gym D. Helping the performers 72. If you want to be a volunteer, ________ must write a permission for you. A. your music teacher B. your parents C. Ms. Braxton D. any teacher 73. From the poster, we can learn the following except ________. A. students are welcomed to volunteer B. volunteers can help in January C. some work needs to be done in the evening D. volunteers can get gifts after helping 74. The main purpose of the poster is to ________. A. announce a music festival B. look for some volunteers C. receive written permission D. attract musicians and singers B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage. Ibby Piracha is one of many regular customers at his local café in a small town in Virginia, US. __75__, Ibby isn’t like the other regulars – he’s deaf. Krystal Payne, a new waitress, wanted to do something to make Ibby feel more __76__. So she spoke with other employees about Ibby, learning that they always did what they could to give him excellent service. But Payne wanted to take it a step further. She went home and spent her night learning American Sign Language so she could better __77__ with Ibby. The next day, she wrote him a small note saying: “I’ve been learning ASL, just so you can have the same service as everyone else.” Ibby, who was overcome with emotion over this small act of kindness, has kept the note at home ever since. Ibby was so moved by Payne’s behavior that he posted it on Facebook to share with his friends. His post was then reposted by many other people – a result that he did not __78__. But he is happy that Payne is getting the recognition she deserves. The next morning, Payne heard about the post when her manager praised her and mentioned that there were many requests from reporters to interview her. The company’s spokeswoman heard about her kind gesture and said the company was __79__ Payne’s actions. “My job is to make sure people have the wonderful service they expect and that’s what I gave him,” said Payne. Ibby sees Payne’s act of kindness as an inspiration. “It shows that she respects deaf people,” he said. Payne now knows enough ASL to take Ibby’s order, which makes Ibby’s life much easier. In the past, Ibby would have to order through text messages that he would show to the staff. Ibby still loves to visit the coffee shop, saying it is something that “gave me real __80__ -- even now, I’m still smiling”. 75. A. Besides B. However C. Instead D. Also 76. A. welcome B. traditional C. different D. confident 77. A. live B. compete C. play D. communicate 78. A. want B. expect C. find D. notice 79. A. interested in B. careful with C. proud of D. responsible for 80. A. surprise B. pride C. change D. happiness C. Fill in the blanks with proper words. Waste sorting is a simple process that requires neither a lot of time, nor any special resources. When you throw away trash(废物), do you know which bin it should go in? Have you ever n__81__ the differently- colored trash bins on the street or in your neighborhood? Some of you might not be able to answer this question easily. In fact, it is very important. Not knowing how to sort waste can make it even h__82__ to save energy and protect the environment. If you don’t sort your trash, all of it will go to a landfill(垃圾填埋场) and be m__83__ together. These landfills can take up large areas of ground that could have been used for planting trees or crops. The electronic waste can pollute the soil and groundwater(地下水). Other pieces of garbage, like the metal part of a pen, can be used to make other things if they are p__84__ recycled. With this in mind, many governments in China have been running waste-sorting activities in recent years. For example, Shanghai announced in July that within three years, all of its residents should sort their waste into f__85__ groups: wet, recyclable, harmful and dry. Many other c__86__, including Shenzhen and Qingdao, plan to use this method to sort their waste. Now that you know this, perhaps you can do your part to protect the environment and encourage others to sort their trash. Waste sorting is also a major problem around the world. Different countries are using different methods to sort their trash. Japan is l__87__ the world in waste sorting. It is a very important part of Japanese life and Japanese people will expect foreigners to follow their belief. D. Answer the questions. The American high school author named Juliette Turner has published her third book aimed at middle school readers. With her new novel That’s Not Hay in My Hair, she has become a new star in the world of publishing. Turner is just 18 years old. After she finished fourth grade in New York, she moved to Cooke County, Texas, with her mother where she started a new life working with horses and cattle and her writing career. “My mother and I were the only people living there,” Turner said. “It was just the two of us breaking the ice on the cow-water trough(奶牛饮水槽).” Turner’s mother, Janine Turner, is a famous actress in the US. Life in Cooke County was not as glamorous(令人向往的) as the life she had lived before. But for Turner, rural(农村的) life gave her a lot of material to write about. That’s Not Hay in My Hair is unlike Turner’s first two books. “Everything that happened in the book actually happened in the lives of my mom and I.” she said. The adventures were too crazy to believe, but it all happened exactly how it’s written. Indeed, Janine Turner was one of the first people to read the book. “I’ve been too busy doing my own things before. She’s written these books all by herself. I didn’t even read this one until it was finished,” said Janine, “She has an amazing power.” As Turner is thinking about her upcoming college life, she hasn’t decided whether her adulthood will be spent in a city or in the country. “I will always be a country girl at heart,” she said. “I love the country life. It is where I feel at peace and at home. I don’t know where life is taking me at the moment. But I will always return home to the country and to my mom. It’s where my roots are.” 88. Who did Juliette Turner’s new novel That’s Not Hay in My Hair mainly aim at? 89. When and where did the young author start her writing career? 90. Life in Cooke County was not the same as the life the girl had lived before, was it? 91. How is That’s Not Hay in My Hair different from Juliette’s first two books? 92. Why did Juliette’s mother said “She has an amazing power”? 93. What does Juliette Turner mean by saying “It’s where my roots are” in the last paragraph? VII. Writing 94. Write at least 60 words on the topic “________ Makes My Life Full of Fun”(以“________使我的 生活充满乐趣”为题,写一篇不少于 60 个词的短文,标点符号不占格) 初三的生活虽然紧张,但学习体验、集体活动、兴趣爱好……仍能为我们带来很多欢乐。请选 取一个方面,结合自身经历,谈谈它如何使你的生活充满乐趣。 The following is for reference only ? be fond of take part in enjoy oneself 参考答案 语法 26-30 BCBAD 31-35ADACA 36-40DACDB 41-45DCBBA 46-49 ECDA 50-53 BADC 54. twenties 55. widen 56. European 57. success 58. satisfied 59. decision 60. growth 61. probably 62. didn’t set 63. What do 64. aren’t allowed 65. do they 66. be held 67. I didn’t 68. The athlete was deeply upset about the unfair competition. 阅读 69. A 70.B 71.A 72.B 73.D 74. B 75.B 76.A 77.D 78.B 79.C 80.D 81. noticed 82. harder 83. mixed 84. properly 85. four 86. cities 87. leading 88. Her new novel mainly aimed at middle school readers. 89. She started her writing career in Cooke Country, Texas after she finished fourth grade. 90. No, it wasn’t. 91. Everything that happened in the book actually happened in the lives of Juliette and her mom. 92. Because Juliette wrote these books all by herself. 93. She means that she loves country life and the country is her home.