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  • ID:4-5931078 [精] 广东省牛津版(深圳 广州)2018-2019年八年级下学期英语期末预测卷(一)(含答案)

    初中英语/期末专区/八年级下册

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2018-2019学年度第二学期八年级期末预测卷(一) 语法填空(共15小题;共15分) 阅读下列短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连续的要求,从1-15各题所给的A、B、C和D中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Happiness is for everyone. You don't need to care about _____1_____ people who have beautiful houses with large gardens and swimming pools or those who have nice cars and a lot of money _____2_____ so on. Why? _____3_____ those who have big houses _____4_____ often feel lonely and those who have cars want to walk on the country roads in their free time. In fact, happiness is always around you if you put your heart _____5_____ it. When you are in trouble at school, your friends _____6_____ you; when you study hard at your lessons, your parents are always taking good care of your life and your health; when you _____7_____, your friends will say congratulations to you; when you do something wrong, people around you will help you to correct it. And when you do something good to _____8_____, you will feel happy, too. All these are your happiness. If you notice those things, you can see _____9_____ happiness is always around you. Happiness is not the same as money. It is _____10_____ feeling of your heart. When you are poor, you can also say you are very happy, because you have something else that can't be bought with money. When you meet with difficulties, you can say _____11_____ that you are very happy, because you have more chances _____12_____ yourself. So you cannot always say you are poor and you have bad luck. As the saying goes: life _____13_____ like a revolving (旋转) door. When it closes, it also _____14_____. If you take every chance you get, you can be a happy and lucky _____15_____. 1. A.this B.that C.these D.those 2. A.or B.but C.and D.nor 3. A.For B.Because C.As D.So 4. A.can B.must C.may D.need 5. A.around B.for C.upon D.into 6. A.help B.helps C.will help D.helping 7. A.succeed B.successfully C.successful D.success 8. A.other B.others C.another D.the other 9. A.what B.which C.why D.that 10. A.a B.an C.the D./ 11. A.loudly B.louder C.loudest D.loud 12. A.challenge B.to challenge C.challenging D.challenged 13. A.does B.be C.are D.is 14. A.open B.opens C.opening D.to open 15. A.student B.friend C.person D.people 二、完形填空(共10小题;共10分) 阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的选项中,选择最佳选项。 "It is never too late and you are never too old to start something new!" said Ellen Rima. She began to learn English at the _____16_____ of fifty. In just a few years, she has made a lot of progress. Because no evening classes were _____17_____ in the area Ellen lived in, she chose to study online. That is, she took an English course _____18_____. Ellen began with easy courses and studied hard. "My son always said, 'Mum, you are a bit crazy.' He couldn't understand why I spent so many hours _____19_____, but I love it," she said. "Maybe I wanted to do too much in a short time. I finished all my courses after two years, but I found I still had _____20_____ in grammar." Instead of giving up, she chose to _____21_____. After another two years, she's still studying in the online classroom. But now to make her English better, she has set new goals (目标) for herself. "Studying online is also boring, so you need to be _____22_____ with yourself." said Ellen. "If you really want to learn, never _____23_____ when you face difficulties and when you think you haven't made any progress." Ellen said studying English wasn't all about hard work. "It was fun. I have learnt so much about other _____24_____ and traditions,"she said. Ellen has been able to put her English into use by visiting England five times. "I'm very _____25_____ for the Internet. My life has changed a lot," said Ellen. 16. A.end B.time C.age 17. A.studied B.offered C.attended 18. A.on the Internet B.at school C.in a university 19. A.discussing B.studying C.travelling 20. A.achievements B.progress C.difficulties 21. A.continue B.stop C.leave 22. A.comfortable B.strict C.kind 23. A.give up B.put up C.grow up 24. A.languages B.education C.cultures 25. A.kind B.thankful C.friendly 三、阅读(共两节,满分45分)? 第一节:阅读理解。(共20小题,每题2分,满分40分)? A Pack up and Fly away Hainan Island Hainan Island is a wonderful place of sun,sand and sea.It is in the south of China.It's famous for its underwater beauty.Tianyahaijiao is also very famous.It attracts lots of tourists around the world every year. Thailand Thailand is in the heart of Southeast Asia.Its capital Bangkok has some of Thailand's greatest buildings,like the Grand Palace (大皇宫).Chiang Mai (清迈) is a big city in Thailand.There are many historic temples (庙) there,such as the Wat Phra Singh temple.The temple has a history of over 500 years. Australia This country is a land of beauty and diversity (多样性).It is famous for Sydney Opera and Ayers Rock (艾尔斯岩).Ayers Rock is 3,600 meters long and 348 meters high.What's more,children can also see many animals here like koalas,kangaroos and sheep. South Korea's Jeju Island (韩国济州岛) As a volcanic (火山) island,Jeju once was chosen as one of the New Seven Wonders (奇迹) of Nature.Not only that,Jeju attracts children with its Teddy Bear Museum.There,people show historical events with teddy bears. The information above can't be from ______ . A. a magazine B. a story book C. a newspaper D. a tour guidebook 27. Hainan Island is ______ . A. in the Indian Ocean B. in Europe C. in the south of China D. in Africa 28. If you like historic temples,you can go to ______ . A. Hainan Island B. Thailand C. Australia D. South Korea's Jeju Island 29. People in South Korea's Jeju Island show historical events with ______ . A. teddy bears B. toy cars C. heroes D. pictures 30. Australia is known for ______ . A. the Grand Palace and the Wat Phra Singh temple. B. Sydney Opera and Ayers Rock. C. Tianyahaijiao and the underwater beauty. D. Teddy Bear Museum and a volcanic island. B “Let’ s go wrestling ,Dad!”《(? 摔跤吧,爸爸!》) is one of the Top 10 movies recently. It tells a true story about an Indian man and his two daughters. His name’s Mahavir. In real life, he is called“the father of India women wrestling”because thousands of girls across India have been supported to take up wrestling with his efforts. A very famous Indian actor, Aamir Khan, played the role of Mahavir in the movie. It was an unusual experience for him to play this role. Aamir Khan was very serious about his character and he tried to make this character close to the true story. In order to act well, he needed to put on weight to be very fat and then do sports to be very strong in a short time. Aamir Khan started to eat a lot every day before making the movie. He ate at least 5 meals? a day including much junk food. He became too fat to run quickly. It is simple to be fat but difficult to be strong. Aamir Khan invited many coaches to train him to lose weight and took him a few months to be strong. He must eat less and drink more. Strength training is also important. This kind of physical training is very boring. He had to lift different weights and do it over and over again. Aamir Khan set a goal to himself day by day and the minute he made it, he fell down on the ground and could hardly stand up. In the end, he became the exact person the movie needs. The role he played was very moving and he succeeded at last. As he says, the most important thing in life is not whether you can reach your goal but whether you have made the greatest efforts. From the passage, what is Aamir Khan’s job? A. A player. B. An actor. C. A director. D. A coach. 32. Why is Mahavir called “the father of Indian women wrestling”? A. ?? Because he is a very famous Indian player. B. ?? Because he played a role in the movie “let’s go wrestling, Dad!” C. ?? Because he supported many Indian women to take up wrestling. ? D. Because he became strong in a short time. 33. What is the correct order of the following things about Aamir Khan? ① He changed his eating habits and did sports to become strong. ② He was serious about the character and he needed to make great efforts. ③ To be fat, he ate too much food. ④ Finally, he succeeded. A. ③②①④ B. ②③④① C. ②①④③ D. ②③①④ 34. Which of the following is NOT true about Aamir Khan from the passage? A. ?? “let’s go wrestling, Dad! ” is a true story about Aamir Khan himself. B. ?? He became very fat at first and then lost weight in a very short time. C. ?? In order to act well, he trained so hard. D. ?? He tried to playa perfect role in the movie. 35. According to the acting experience of Aamir Khan ,what can we learn ? A. ?? Where there is a will, there is a way. B. ?? Practice makes perfect. C. ?? Many hands make work light. D. ?? The fatter,the better. C ? ? ? In the eyes of many foreigners, Chinese are the best hosts (主人) and the worst guests in the world. They're not really bad guests, but because the guest-host relationship in China is much different than in some western counties, it appears they are not nice guests. And western guests sometimes look rude (粗鲁的) in the eyes of Chinese guests. ? ? ? In China, guests are almost like gods. Whenever I enter a Chinese person's home, there is always fruit on the table for me, and someone is quick to bring me a cup of tea or water. In the west, generally the guest is not a god. Acting according to the host's way of doing things is usual behavior for a guest. ? ? ? My wife's mother'a very kind elderly Chinese lady, doesn't smoke. When I see some of her guests smoking in her house, as a non-smoker,I feel unhappy. Usually I want to stop them directly, but I must realize that in China, to be a good host,she must not do that. In most North America homes,if you are a guest, and the hosts are not smokers, you should not smoke in their house. At the very least, you could ask,“Is it OK if I smoke?”But, don't be surprised if they say,“No, you can't smoke.” In our culture, if you smoke in their home, you are a bad guest, but if they don't ?allow you to smoke in their house, they are not a rude host. ? ? ?Guests in China also have special habits. Some western people may not adapt to these habits very soon. Thankfully my wife is Chinese, so whenever we visit a Chinese family she tells me to buy them a gift. However, giving a gift to a host is not always necessary in my country. So, if you invite international guests to your home, don't be too surprised if they don't bring you a gift. ? ? ?In China, you probably won't need to change the guest-host relationship very much because you will probably only be the host, and Chinese are naturally very good hosts. If western hosts invite you to their house, try not to be too surprised if their style of treating you is not what you have expected. Many foreigners think that Chinese hosts are the ______ in the world. A. best B. worst C. most natural D. most difficult 37. When a western guest visits a Chinese family,he often ______ . A. buys some fruit B. feels like a god C. wants some gifts D. takes a cup of tea 38. If the writer's guests want to smoke in his house,what will he probably say? ______ A. It's OK if you smoke here. B. Let's smoke together. C. Sorry,you can't smoke here. D. Smoking is a bad habit. 39. What is the meaning of the underlined phrase“adapt to”in the passage? ______ A. think back to B. get used to C. look forward to D. keep close to 40. What is the main idea of this passage? ______ A. Foreigners should learn from Chinese. B. Hosts must do things in the guest's way. C. Western hosts are always nice to guests. D. People should understand cultural differences. D Many kids help parents to do chores such as washing the dishes, cleaning the floors and taking out the trash in the house. In return, some kids get money or other rewards from their parents, such as playing computer games for 20 minutes. But some people do not think that kids should get rewards(奖赏) for doing chores. One of them is Susie Walton, a parenting educator. She believes that if kids get rewards, they will think that work isn’t worth doing unless you get something in return. For example, kids won’t sweep the floor if they see it is dirty. But they will clean the floor if their parents reward them for it. “Every house is a team effort,” Susie said. “A home is a living space for everyone in the family. It’s important for kids to see that we all have responsibilities to keep our home clean. Other people have different opinions(观点). They believe that money or other rewards can?encourage?kids to do more chores. It also teaches them real world lessons about how we need to work to make money. Now, there are also apps(应用软件) that encourage kids to do chores. The apps give kids points and digital gifts that can be used either online or in the real world. With the ChoreMonster app, kids get digital points after doing chores. Kids can exchange(交换) their points for real rewards, such as time to play video games or a trip to the mall. What do you think? Should kids be rewarded for doing chores? Or should kids help out around their homes without getting anything in return? How does the author start the passage? A. By giving some facts. B. By listing some opinions. C. By comparing different views. D. By showing his own experiences. 42. What's the meaning of the underlined word “rewards” in Paragraph 1? A. Dreams. B. Prizes. C. Exercises. D. Surprises. 43. Which of the following is Susie Walton's opinion? A. Don’t ask kids to do housework. B. Don’t reward kids for doing anything. C. Don’t give kids rewards for doing chores. D. Don't allow kids to play computer games. 44. What's Paragraph 3 mainly about? A. How to make money by doing chores. B. The apps that encourage kids to do chores. C. How to exchange their points for real rewards. D. The advantage of rewarding kids for doing chores. 45. Where does the passage probably come from? A. A dictionary. B. A storybook. C. A magazine. D. A guidebook. 第二节??阅读填空(共5小题,每题1分,满分5分)? 阅读短文及文后A~E选项,选出可以填入46~50各题空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Weddings are important in every country, and there are different wedding customs in different countries. In Western countries, the bride's (新娘) dress—her wedding dress—is very important. Some brides wear a new dress. __46____ Some people believe the bride should wear something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue. ___47___ She may borrow something to wear from a friend—that will be something borrowed, and the ring on her finger may have a blue jewel in it or some of her clothes may be blue. ___48___ They wear the ring on the fourth finger of their left hands. At the wedding, as soon as the man and the woman are married, their friends often throw rice or very small pieces of paper over them. ___49___ The bride often carries flowers, and after the wedding she throws them up in the air. People believe that the woman who catches the flowers is lucky enough. The bride, the groom (新郎), their friends and family then have a party. ___50____ This holiday is called "the honeymoon". A.She may wear an old ring and will usually have new shoes. B.Many married people in Western countries wear a ring to show that they are married. C.Some brides wear the dress their mothers or even their grandmothers wore at their weddings. D.They believe this will bring them good luck and that they will have many children. E.The bride and the groom usually take a car. After that the bride and the groom go on holiday together. G.She may ask her friends to come to her wedding. 四、写作(共四小节,满分35分)? 第一节:单词拼写(共5小题,共5分) 51.Write a passage about life in the past and ________?(目前). 52.If you m________?blue with yellow, then you'll get green. 53.My backyard is w________?enough for us to play football. 54.The teacher kept e________?the use of the idiom to me until I understood it. 55.When the night came, they put up t________?to keep warm in the field. 第二节:完成句子(共5小题,每空0.5分,满分5分)根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词) 56这部动画片非常有趣。 ?? This ________ is very ________. 57.这顶帽子和你的衬衣搭配得很好。 ?? This hat ________ your shirt well. 58.那位老人长着一张和善的脸。 ?? That old man has ________ ________ ________. 59.音乐家们花费了三天的时间录制这部电影的音乐。 ? It took the musicians three days ________ ________ the music of the film. 60.你使用的是什么程序? ? ________ ________ do you use? 第二节:短文填空(共10小题,共10分)阅读短文,填入适当的内容或括号内单词的适当形式。 As a little kid , I was taught, "There is nothing new under the Sun." I _____61_____(believe) that until yesterday. I was on midterm break yesterday. This meant no work — all sleep and all play! _____62_____ about 10:00 a.m., my neighbour Mario knocked at my door. "Helen, I've been to _____63_____ year 2050 through my time machine. Great changes have taken place. People live underwater. I saw _____64_____(you) great granddaughter!" said Mario. I stopped him and looked at him _____65_____ I thought he might be crazy. "Don't you believe me? Come with me and I _____66_____(show) it to you," he said. Then we went into his house. He turned on the time machine, held my hand and walked into it. 5, 4, 3… "We're here now. Welcome to 2050! This is our backyard," Mario said. To be honest, it wasn't a _____67_____(beauty) sight. The sky was grey and the _____68_____(street) were empty. "Where is everyone?" I asked. They live underwater because land has become too dangerous for human beings _____69_____(live) on, Mario replied. Then we went underwater and saw the amazing life there. _____70_____(final), we went back to the time machine and returned to real life. At the end of the day, I said to Mario, "I really enjoyed my day in the year 2050." 61. ______62. ______63. ______64. _____65. ______ 66. ______67. ______68. ______69. ______70. ______ 第四节:书面表达(满分15分) 你是一名中学生,想成为国际动物救助中心“ International Animal Helpers” (IAH) 的一名志愿者,请你用英文写一封自荐信。 内容要点如下: 1. 能参加周末活动; 2. 从家乘地铁到“中心”约十分钟; 3. 喜爱动物,愿意帮助它们; 4. 懂一点医学知识; 5. 补充一两点个人信息和想法。 注意: 1. 文中不得透露个人姓名班级; 2.? 词数: 80字左右 3. 不要逐条翻译,内容要连贯得体; 4. 信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇: volunteer? 志愿者???????? medical?? 医学的 Dear Sir/Madam, ? My name is Li Ming. _______________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ ????????????????????????????????????????????? Yours Sincerely, Li Ming?? 参考答案: 1-5 DCBCD 6-10 CABDA 11-15 ABDBC 16-20 CBABC 21-25 ABACB 26-30 BCBAB 31-35 BCDAA 36-40 ABCBD 41-45 ABCDC 46-50 CABDF 第二部分:主观题 51. present 52. mix 53. wide 54. explaining 55. tents 56. cartoon interesting 57.matches 58.a pleasant face 59.to record 60.What program 61. believed 62. At 63. the 64.you 65.because 66. will show 67.beautiful 68.streets 69. to live 70. Finally 书面表达 Dear Sir/Madam, My name is Li Ming. I'm a middle school student. I want to help out as a volunteer at your center. I love animals and I'd like to help them. I have some medical knowledge. I believe I can be a good helper. I live near your center and it takes about 10 minutes to get there by underground. What's more, I'm free on weekends and I can take part in the activities.?If I get the chance, I won't let you down. Looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-5664182 牛津上海(本地版)五四制 七年级下Module 2 Better future 同步练习+单元测试题(6份 含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/七年级下(新版)/Module 2 Better future/本单元综合与测试

    A 英国3岁女童奥菲莉娅·摩根·杜(Ophelia Morgan-Dew)智商高达171,超过爱因斯坦,成为高智商俱乐部门萨协会中年龄最小的会员。 A three-year-old girl gets IQ higher than Einstein A Britain’s child called Ophelia Morgan-Dew has an IQ higher than Albert Einstein’s and Stephen Hawking’s at the age of just three. Her 171 score is 11 better than physicists Einstein and Hawking, who came up with the theories on relativity (相对论) and black holes. “She began to say colors, letters and numbers very soon, compared to most children,” said his mother, Natalie Morgan, 31. The little girl, who expressed her first word at eight months old and at two repeated the alphabet (字母表), can even remember events that happened before the year. Natalie took her daughter to experts after realizing she was so bright. The child is the UK’s youngest member of high IQ society Mensa and is in the top 0.03 percent of the population according to brain power. From: https://vaaju.com/mexicoeng (?https:?/??/?vaaju.com?/?mexicoeng?) What’s life like in the future? Getting from here to there. Most people agree that our means of transportation will be faster and safer in the future. Hypersonic (超音速的) planes will fly five times faster than the speed of sound. Computers will pilot our planes and drive our cars for us. Some experts think we may use personal jetpack systems for individual travel in the air. Others think we might have cars that can fly or navigate (航行) under the water. What do you think? Never lose anything again. Some scientists think everyone and everything will have a special GPS (Global Positioning System) chip (全球定位系统芯片) inside. This special computer chip can tell a satellite high in the sky where a person or an object is at any time. This means you could always find your dog or your bike. Let the robots do it. Today’s robots look more like odd boxes or sculptures moving around, and they don’t seem like something you would want at home. But the robots of the future will be very welcome, such as they will cook your meals, wash your dishes, do your laundry, and clean your home. Because you won’t be spending much time cleaning your house, you’ll have a lot more free time. We may have these robots in the next 20 or 25 years. Goodbye money. Will money as we know disappear? In the future, people will use plastic “smart” cards to buy everything they need. The card will know how much money a person has. It will contain a voice print, a photo, and personal information about the owner so that no one else can use it. D 阅读训练题(十) 阅读训练A The clock struck eleven at night. The whole house was quiet. Everyone was in bed except me. Under the strong light, I looked sadly at a huge pile of books. I was going to have my examination the next day. “When can I go to bed?” I asked myself. I didn’t answer. In fact I dared not. The clock struck twelve. “Oh, dear!” I cried. “Ten more books to read before I can go to bed!” We students are the most unhappy ones in the world. Dad does not agree with me on this. He did not have to work so hard when he was a boy. The clock struck one. I was quite hopeless now. I forgot all I had learned. I was too tired to go on. I did the only thing I could. I prayed (祈祷), “Oh, God, please help me pass the exam tomorrow. I do promise to work hard afterwards, Amen.” My eyes were so heavy that I could hardly open them. A few minutes later, with my head on the desk, I fell asleep. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. The other people in the house were_________. A. outside B. working in bed C. asleep D. laughing at him ( ) 2. The writer didn’t go to bed because _________. A. he was going over his lessons B. he didn’t feel sleepy C. he was watching TV D. he was reading books happily ( ) 3. The writer thought his father _________ him. A. worked as hard as B. didn’t work as hard as C. worked harder than D. didn’t like ( ) 4. What would happen to the writer the next day? A. He failed in the exam. B. He passed the exam all by luck. C. He went to a church to pray again. D. He was punished by his teacher. ( ) 5. Which can be the best title of the passage? A. Going over My Lessons B. Working Far into the Night C. A Slow Student D. The Night before the Examination 1—5 CABAD 阅读训练B Choose the best words or expressions and complete the passage. Mr Smith had his own business and worked very hard. His wife was afraid that he would become ill if he worked like that day after day, so she often tried to get him to take a holiday. One day, again she asked Mr Smith to ___1___ to a beautiful city with her and have a two-week holiday there. She almost jumped up when her husband said yes. She was so ___2___ that her husband would stay with her for a lovely holiday. But Mrs Smith was afraid that he might not be able to enjoy his travel quietly. So ___3___ they left, Mrs Smith went to see her husband’s secretary. She said to her, “My husband needs a good rest, so ___4___ happens, please don’t bother him with phones or letters about his business while we’re away. Just wait till we get back.” After Mr and Mrs Smith had been away about three days, Mr Smith ___5___ a letter from his secretary. It said, “Something terrible has happened to your business, ___6___ I’m not going to tell you about it now. I will tell you later when you come back. Have a happy holiday!” ( ) 1. A. travel B. work C. come D. stay ( ) 2. A. afraid B. sad C. happy D. interested ( ) 3. A. when B. before C. after D. as soon as ( ) 4. A. wherever B. whoever C. whatever D. however ( ) 5. A. received B. sent C. borrowed D. lent ( ) 6. A. but B. and C. if D. so 1—6 ACBCAA 阅读训练C Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. People have always been i___1___ in what the future will look like. How can we know what the future will look like? What inventions have really m___2___ a difference in the last 150 years? To be able to understand the future, you must k___3___ the past. What has taken us to where we are today and what has changed along the way? The world has changed a lot in the l___4___ 150 years, but we humans are driven by the same basic needs as we were 150 years ago, food, sleep, and the feeling of being loved. Will this c___5___ in the next 150 years? No. If you take away all gadgets (小器具) that people in some part of the world are u___6___ for entertainment, the inventions that have affected (影响) most people around the world for everyday living are the telephone, electricity, radio, television, computer and the car. Then we of course have a lot of inventions that have made life e___7___, like new medicine, faster transports, etc. 1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________ 6. _________ 7. _________ 1. interested 2. made 3. know 4. last 5. change 6. using 7. easier 阅读训练D Some day you may go to the Moon. A tall rocket (火箭) will take you into space. The rocket flies a long way to a space station. You will stop there for a short time. Then a big spaceship will take you to the Moon. About 3 days later, the spaceship slowly goes down and lands on the Moon. You are now on the Moon, but you must first put on a spacesuit. The Moon is very hot in the day and very cold at night. If you don’t wear the spacesuit, you can’t live there. You jump out of the spaceship and begin to walk. The things on the Moon are much lighter than those on the Earth. You jump high in the air every time you take a step. The Moon moves slowly. So one day on the Moon is as long as two weeks on the Earth. It never rains on the Moon, and everything on the Moon is dry. There are no trees or other living things of any kind. There is nothing to do there. The Earth is a better place to live on, but scientists are trying to make the best use of the Moon. Answer the questions. 1. How can you travel from the space station to the Moon? _________________________________________________________ 2. What must you wear when you travel on the Moon? _________________________________________________________ 3. Why can you jump high on the Moon? _________________________________________________________ 4. How much time on the Earth does one day on the Moon equal (等于)? _________________________________________________________ 5. It doesn’t rain on the Moon, does it? _________________________________________________________ 6. What do you think of living on the Moon? _________________________________________________________ 1. By spaceship. 2. A spacesuit. 3. Because the things on the Moon are much lighter than those on the Earth. 4. Two weeks. 5. No, it doesn’t. 6. It’s boring / exciting ... (Any reasonable answer will be accepted.) B Module 2 Unit 7 随堂练习题 Exercise 1 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. As a student, we mustn’t eat _________drink in the library. A. and B. with C. then D. or ( ) 2. Every student will get _________ to write a passage about the school. A. two piece of paper B. two pieces of papers C. two pieces of paper D. two piece of papers ( ) 3. John’s father hopes his son _________ an astronaut in the future. A. is B. will be C. to be D. be ( ) 4. Let’s keep the secret _________ you and me. A. among B. between C. with D. in ( ) 5. Could you _________ the story in Chinese? A. say B. speak C. tell D. talk ( ) 6. Cindy can wash her clothes by herself. The underlined part means _________. A. be able to B. are able to C. am able to D. is able to ( ) 7. I hope that there _________ no wars. A. will have B. have C. will be D. has ( ) 8. —I think air pollution will become less and less serious in the future. —_________. A. I think, too B. I so think C. I think so, too D. I don’t think, too III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. Her sister works as a _________. (secret) 2. Don’t keep the door _________ because it is so noisy outside. (opening) 3. Perhaps there will be _________ pollution in the future. (little) 4. Lisa, please seal your box _________. (careful) 5. Help _________ to some sweet, Peter. (you) IV. Complete the sentences as required. 1. We can keep the time box in a secret place. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ we keep in a secret place? 2. Perhaps there will be enough food for everybody in the future. (改为否定句) Perhaps there _________ _________ enough food for everybody in the future. 3. We’ve entered a new century. (改为一般疑问句) _________ _________ entered a new century? 4. Write down your hopes on pieces of paper and sign them. (改为反意疑问句) Write down your hopes on pieces of paper and sign them, _________ _________? 5. will, people, be able to, perhaps, in spacecraft, travel, planets, to, other (连词成句) ______________________________________________________. I. 1. talking about 2. able 3. planets 4. station 5. meals II. 1—4 DCBB 5—8 CDCC III. 1. secretary 2. open 3. less 4. carefully 5. yourself IV. 1. What can 2. won’t be 3. Have you 4. will you 5. Perhaps people will be able to travel to other planets in spacecraft Exercise 2 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. We will have fewer traffic jams in _________ time. A. ten year B. ten years’ C. ten-years D. ten year’s ( ) 2. _________ an English film next week. A. There will be B. There will have C. There will has D. There is ( ) 3. Elephants are different from _________animals because of their long noses. A. other B. others C. another D. the others ( ) 4. These are the new words. Please _________ in your exercise-book. A. write down it B. write it down C. write down them D. write them down ( ) 5. In order to keep healthy, you should eat _________ fast food and _________ fresh vegetables. A. fewer, fewer B. less, more C. fewer, more D. less, less ( ) 6. Joe is too fat. He should not eat _________ meat and sweet. A. too much B. much too C. very much D. more too ( ) 7. _________ dangerous it is to ride fast on a busy road! A. How a B. What C. What a D. How ( ) 8. —_________ will your dad be back from Shanghai to England? —In about two days. A. How far B. How often C. How long D. How soon III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. Please show me where the _________ is. (enter) 2. There will be robots in _________ home everywhere in the future. (people) 3. The whole world is shocked by the rapid _________ of the economy in China. (grow) 4. The doctor answered the question _________.(patient) 5. I can’t see Lily’s _________ clearly. (sign) IV. Please read the following dialogue which is incomplete, and fill in the blanks with proper sentences according to the context. A: Hi, David! B: Hi, Mr. Brown! What’s that behind you? A: (1) _________ B: A robot? (2) _________ A: It can do a lot of housework. B: Really? That sounds very interesting. (3) _________ A: My wife did. B: (4) _________ A: She is a scientist. B: Why did she make it? A: (5) _________ B: Wow, it’s quite helpful! A. What does she do? B. It’s a robot. C. Because she has no time to do housework. D. Who made it for you? E. What can it do for you? I. 1. hope 2. secret 3. Sign 4. Everyone 5. happen II. 1—4 BAAD 5—8 BADD III. 1. entrance 2. people’s 3. growth 4. patiently 5. signature IV. 1—5 BEDAC Exercise 3 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. Perhaps people will live _________ the Moon in the future. A. in B. on C. at D. with ( ) 2. John is good at English. He enjoys talking _________ something in English. A. with B. about C. to D. at ( ) 3. _________ do you think will happen in thirty years? A. How B. What C. When D. Why ( ) 4. Will people _________ grow vegetables on Mars? A. are able to B. is able to C. be able to D. were able to ( ) 5. It’s _________ for skating outside. Let’s go! A. cold enough B. enough cold C. hot enough D. enough hot ( ) 6. I’ll perhaps take you for visiting Shanghai Museum this afternoon. The underlined part “perhaps” means _________. A. of course B. possible C. possibly D. certainly ( ) 7. Perhaps there will be _________ water and _________ people in the world. A. fewer, less B. less, fewer C. fewer, fewer D. less, less ( ) 8. There isn’t much water on the Earth, _________? A. isn’t there B. is there C. is it D. isn’t it III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. Modern zoos are _________ than they used to be. (good) 2. The students will have their _________examination in the classroom. (three) 3. Jane will _________ be a reporter when she grows up. (possible) 4. The thief _________ the building from the back door yesterday evening. (entrance) 5. The heavy wind blew roofs off in several _________. (city) IV. Complete the sentences as required. 1. The kids often play this kind of games in the hall. (改为否定句) The kids _________ often _________ this kind of games in the hall. 2. The clerks will be ready for the meeting in half an hour. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ will the clerks be ready for the meeting? 3. Perhaps people can grow vegetables in space stations in the future. (保持原句意思基本不变) Perhaps people will _________ _________ to grow vegetables in space stations in the future. 4. Jack shouted at James on the playground. James shouted at Jack, too. (保持原句意思基本不变) Jack and James shouted at _________ _________ on the playground. 5. everybody, will, enough, not, be, perhaps, there, food, for (连词成句) ___________________________________________________. I. 1. weather 2. hopes 3. seal 4. talk about 5. able II. 1—4 BBBC 5—8 ACBB III. 1. better 2. third 3. possibly 4. entered 5. cities IV. 1. don’t, play 2. How soon 3. be able 4. each other 5. Perhaps there will not be enough food for everybody Exercise 4 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. You must make your body strong if you want to be _________ astronaut. A. a B. an C. / D. the ( ) 2. It is surprising to see such a little boy to _________ a foreign language fluently. A. say B. speak C. tell D. talk ( ) 3. There _________ a heavy snow tomorrow. A. will have B. will be C. had D. are ( ) 4. I want to know _________ you think will happen in the future. A. what B. that C. which D. where ( ) 5. I don’t think people can take pills for _________ in the future. A. fruit B. meals C. rice D. snack ( ) 6. The teacher will open the time box _________ 10 years. A. in B. after C. of D. with ( ) 7. Do you know what will take place in the near future? The underlined part means _________. A. travel B. help C. happen D. make ( ) 8. —Perhaps there will not be enough food for everybody. —_________. A. Yes, there will B. It’s a pleasure C. No, there won’t D. I don’t think so III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. People are fighting with different kinds of _________ on the Earth. (pollute) 2. Tom put some _________ of paper into the time box. (piece) 3. Do you think people will live in space _________? (station) 4. People will be _________ to live on the Moon one day. (enable) 5. There are many _________ between Tom and Peter. (different) IV. Please read the following dialogue which is incomplete, and fill in the blanks with proper sentences according to the context. A: Welcome to our shop, madam. (1) _________ B: I want to buy a coat. A: This way, please. (2) _________ What do you think of this one? B: It looks cool. (3) _________ A: We’ve got other colours: pink, grey, dark red and yellow. What’s your favourite? B: Pink. (4) _________ A: Certainly! It’s very beautiful, isn’t it? And it’s very thick. B: I like it. (5) _________ A: It was 100 dollars and now it’s only 80 dollars. B: That’s a great price. I’ll take it. A. Could you show me that light pink one? B. These are the latest fashion. C. But I don’t like bright green. D. How much does it cost? E. What can I do for you? I. 1. planet 2. pills 3. meal 4. secret 5. Everyone II. 1—4 BBBA 5—8 BACD III. 1. pollution 2. pieces 3. stations 4. able 5. differences IV. 1—5 EBCAD E 结识一般将来时 一、一般将来时态的用法 1. 表示在将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示将来的时间状语连用。 2. 表示将来经常或反复发生的动作。 二、一般将来时的常见表达形式 1. “助动词will / shall + 动词原形”: will可用于所有人称;但shall一般用于主语为第一人称I和we时。以you and I为主语时通常不用shall。will和shall都可以缩写成-’ll。 A. 表示将来发生的事情。如: I shall never forget it. 我永远也不会忘记它。 Will it rain tomorrow?明天会下雨吗? B. 用于征求对方的意见或表示客气的邀请。如: Shall we go to the zoo? 我们去动物园好吗? Will you play basketball with us? 你会和我们一起去打篮球吗? C. 用来预言将来发生的事。如说出我们设想会发生的事,或者请对方预言将要发生什么事。例如: It will be stormy tomorrow. 明天将有暴风雨。 2. “be going to + 动词原形”: A. 表示近期或事先已经决定或安排要去做的事情。如: I’m going to buy a computer this year. 我打算今年买一台电脑。 B. 表示有某种迹象表明必将发生的事情。如: Look at the black clouds! It’s going to rain. 看看这乌云!快下雨了。 注意: 当be going to后接go或come时,通常直接用现在进行时来表示。例如: Where is he going? 他去哪里? She’s coming right away. 她马上就来。 Module 2 Unit 7正误例析 1. [误] Perhaps people will are able to live on other planets. [正] Perhaps people will be able to live on other planets. [析] 一般将来时可以由 “shall / will + 动词原形”构成。表示“能够……”应该用be able to。所以此句不能用are,而应该用be。 2. [误] Perhaps there will be no water and air on the Earth. [正] Perhaps there will be no water or air on the Earth. [析] 上例所表达的意思是否定的,在否定句和疑问句中通常用or来表示“和”,而在肯定句中通常用and。 3. [误] Perhaps people in different country will all be able to speak the same language. [正] Perhaps people in different countries will all be able to speak the same language. [析] “different”意为“不同的”,后面的名词应该用复数形式,“country”的复数形式先变y为i,再加-es。 4. [误] What do you think will happen in ten year’s time? [正] What do you think will happen in ten years’ time? [析] 单数名词的所有格在词尾加’s。若名词已有复数词尾-s,其所有格只加(’)。 5. [误] —Let’s make a time box. —That’s funny. [正] —Let’s make a time box. —That’s fun. [析] funny意为“滑稽的”,fun意为“有趣的”。 6. [误] After ten years, we can open the box and see how have things changed. [正] After ten years, we can open the box and see how things have changed. [析] 在宾语从句中,从句应该用陈述语序。 7. [误] Perhaps people will eat pills for meals. [正] Perhaps people will take pills for meals. [析] 表示“服药”应该用take,而不能用eat。 “希望” “能”这样用 (1) be able to be able to意为“能够、会”,表示做事能力,相当于can。如: I am able to = (can) speak English. 我会讲英语。 【辨析】 be able to和can都可以表示“能够、会”,但其用法有所不同。 be able to可以用于多种时态,而can只用一般现在时和一般过去时两种时态。如: I shall be able to come tomorrow. 明天我能来。 —Can she play soccer? 她会踢足球吗? —Yes, she can. 是的,她会。 Jim could play ping-pong five years ago. 吉姆五年前会打乒乓球。 另外,can 还可以表示允许、可能性,而be able to不能。如: Mooney could be at home. 穆尼可能在家。 (2) hope hope作名词,意为“希望、愿望”。如: He is full of hope. 他心中充满了希望。 I gave up hope of going to college when I failed my examinations. 当我考试不及格时,我丧失了上大学的希望。 【拓展】 hope也可以作动词,意为“希望、期望、愿望”。其后可以接动词不定式或宾语从句。如: We hope to see you tomorrow. 我们希望明天见到你。 I hope you’ll be better soon. 我希望你能很快好起来。 【辨析】hope和wish都有“希望”的意思,但用法有别。 hope和wish后均可接动词不定式作宾语。如: I hope / wish to go to college. 我希望上大学。 hope和wish后均可接宾语从句。hope表示很有把握实现愿望;而wish表示无法实现的愿望,从句要用过去时。如: I hope she can come tomorrow. 我希望她明天能来。 I wish I could fly to the Moon. 但愿我能飞上月球。 hope后不能接“宾语+不定式”,而wish 后可以。如: (正) I wish her to leave now. (误) I hope her to leave now. wish可以表示祝愿,但hope不能。如: I wish you health and happiness. 我祝愿你健康幸福。 Unit 7 In the future (来了网 供稿) 在该部分,你将听到两个问题,请根据情景提示的内容用英语进行回答。 情景提示 有一个人制造了一台说话机器,它能给人称重。他想试试这台机器,所以他把机器放在了候车厅里。 问题一: What did the man make? 问题二: Where did he put the machine? 人机对话答题流程: 1. 老师团体申请来了网,登录来了网布置此作业。 2. 学生下载并安装来了网APP,登录后完成作业,即可获得此次作业成绩。 注:人机对话作业需要老师团体申请才能完成,流程如下(来了网客服电话:17301707535): 1. 以年级或学校为单位制作excel表格,表格需包括:所在区域(如上海市徐汇区)、学校全名、年级、班级、学生真实姓名、老师真实姓名、负责老师联系电话及邮箱。 2. 将做好的excel表格以电子邮件附件的形式发送至:school@LL100.com。 3. 两个工作日内,老师将收到来了网使用流程:老师按老师使用流程操作,并将学生使用流程微信群告知学生。 H Life in the future The future will be very different from now. I think the life will be much more enjoyable and convenient. In the future, people will be able to eat different food. Maybe there will be apple-oranges or grape-pineapples at that time. The scientists will possibly develop new kinds of fruit or vegetables which are delicious. In the future, people may go to work in a new vehicle. The new vehicle will be able to take people to another place at a great speed. It will be much faster than taking the bus or the underground. That means people won’t have to spend long time in travelling. The global warming is becoming a concern for people at present. I believe the scientists will be able to solve the problem and have new ways to help people protect the environment. The future will have endless possibility. Let’s look forward to it. 教师点评:在文中,小作者想象了新品种水果和更便捷的交通方式,对于环境问题的解决充满了希望。 上海紫阳中学七年级 乔裔佳 指导教师:吴 阳 I think life in the future will be different from the present one. The house will be more intelligent. People will enjoy better life because all the electrical appliances in the house will be controlled by the smart computer. For example, if it is too hot in the house, the air conditioner will be turned on automatically and keep the room cool just before people get home. Furniture will also become smart. The TV will stop people from watching too much TV. The desk will remind us of the writing posture and the plate will tell us if the food on the plate is healthy. What’s more, when people tell the car where to go, the car will design the best route and quickly send people to the destination. Future life will become smarter and we are looking forward to having a more comfortable future! 教师点评:未来智能家居生活给人们带来的便利性和舒适性是显而易见的, 小作者的愿望也是我们所期待的。 上海紫阳中学七年级 尹承昊 指导教师:孙 俊 Nowadays, our lives are very convenient because of the Internet. In the future, I believe life will be easier and more comfortable. Perhaps there will be more robots with AI technology, which are just like human’s brain. They will be able to think by themselves and give you what you want. No power? Don’t worry. All the energy they use is from the sun. The cars will also change in the future. A clean renewable resource instead of oil will appear to power the cars. The environment will be greener and greater. I am looking forward to the future life. 教师点评:本文逻辑清晰,表达流畅,小作者想象力丰富,从人工智能机器人到新能源汽车展望了未来的人类生活,令人向往。 上海紫阳中学七年级 乔沈麒 指导教师:张 叶 In my opinion, life in the future will be magical with a lot of futuristic things. There will be no traffic jams, no long queues and no accidents at all. The cars will be driven in the sky. No one is the driver but the car will avoid all the obstacles accurately. The reason why they are so unbelievable is that the cars use solar energy and are remotely operated by the satellite. The AI technology will be improved quickly. Maybe the robots will help their masters in a smart way. They help do the housework and look after babies or pets carefully. I think the life in the future will be full of convenience. I am looking forward to living in the future. 教师点评:小作者展开奇妙的想象,用丰富的词汇生动形象描述未来的的交通和机器人给人们生活带来的便利。 上海紫阳中学七年级 史静雪 指导教师:张 叶 I believe that the life will be more interesting and convenient in 20 years’ time. There will be some smart robots at home. They will be able to help people do many things such as cleaning the house and cooking. In the street, we will find lots of people wearing beautiful clothes which will be made of new materials. They will keep people feel cool in summer and feel warm in winter. If people are busy with their work, they will eat pills for meals instead of having food. That will help people save time and keep them healthy. What’s more, it will be easy for people to travel to other planets by spaceship easily, like Jupiter and Mars. I think there will no longer be any books in our school, because the computers will take the place of them. We can get much more information and knowledge from the computer. How wonderful the future life is! 教师点评:从小作者文中, 我们看到未来生活中衣食住行的各种便利性, 大家都期待早日体验。 上海紫阳中学七年级 李昕宇 指导教师:孙 俊 Have you ever thought about our life in the future? Maybe not. In my opinion, life in the future will be more convenient, beautiful and modern. For example, we will have more advanced transportation. Cars will become lighter and faster and can fly in the sky. Besides, the streets will become much cleaner and safe. There will be no traffic accidents in the future. The advanced electronic police can direct traffic on the road. In the future, there won’t be any pollution, because we will plant lots of trees to protect the environment. People live with animals peacefully on the Earth. What’s more, the robots will be used everywhere, helping us do all kinds of work. They can help us cook and clean rooms at regular time. So we will have more free time to do other things. There are many good things waiting for us in our future life. I’m looking forward to the future life. What about you? 教师点评:这是一篇描述将来生活的文章,小作者想象力丰富,从未来生活的的便利,美丽,和现代三个方面来想象未来生活,逻辑清晰,使用英文逻辑词, besides, what’s more, 使整片文章清晰流畅,充分描绘了未来生活的画面。 上海紫阳中学七年级 万子杰 指导教师:吴 阳 F Module 2 Unit 7同步验收练习题 Part 1 Listening第一部分 听力 (共25分) I. Listen and choose the right picture. (5分) 1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________ II. Listen to the dialogue and choose the right answer. (8分) ( ) 6. A. An actor. B. A soccer player. C. An astronaut. D. A teacher. ( ) 7. A. Tom’s father. B. Jack’s father. C. Tom’s uncle. D. Jack’s uncle. ( ) 8. A. Under the sea. B. On the Moon. C. On the Earth. D. In the space station. ( ) 9. A. Yes, she does. B. No, she doesn’t. C. Yes, she will. D. No, she won’t. ( ) 10. A. At 2:00 pm. B. At 2:30 pm. C. At 3:00 pm. D. At 3:30 pm. ( ) 11. A. By bus. B. By car. C. By taxi. D. By bike. ( ) 12. A. It is exciting. B. It is boring. C. It is interesting. D. It is amazing. ( ) 13. A. $60. B. $70. C. $80. D. $90. III. Listen to the passage and say whether the following sentences are true or false. (6分) ( ) 14. Dick’s home is about 5 kilometres away from his school. ( ) 15. Dick doesn’t need to get early in the morning. ( ) 16. Dick is never late for school. ( ) 17. Dick keeps running every day. ( ) 18. Last week there was a sports meet in Dick’s school. ( ) 19. Dick won the first place in the boy’s 1,500-metre race. IV. Listen and fill in the blanks with the words or phrases you hear. (6分) 20. Li Ming likes _________. 21. He is going to be an _________ when he grows up. 22. He worked as a waiter in a restaurant _________ years ago. 23. Next year he is going to _________ _________ Paris. 24. He is going to be a student in an _________ school. 25. Now he is studying _________ with the help of Miss Green. 20. _________ 21. _________ 22. _________ 23. _________ _________ 24. _________ 25. _________ Part 2 Phonetics, Vocabulary and Grammar第二部分 语音、词汇和语法 (共40分) I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. (5分) II. Choose the best answer. (15分) ( ) 31. Mr Smith is going to give us a talk on _________ life in ten years’ time. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( ) 32. The policeman asked _________, “Does anybody know Tom’s address?” A. they B. them C. their D. theirs ( ) 33. There isn’t _________ with your bike. A. some wrong B. something wrong C. anything wrong D. wrong something ( ) 34. I hope that people will _________ live on the Moon soon. A. be B. able to C. be able to D. to be able to ( ) 35. Mary wants to do _________ exercise to keep fit. She’s been a member of the sports club. A. little B. less C. many D. more ( ) 36. _________ dangerous it is to play football in the street! A. How a B. What C. What a D. How ( ) 37. My younger sister is _________ to go to school by herself. A. enough old B. old enough C. enough young D. young enough ( ) 38. I don’t like winter in Shenyang because there is _________ snow and ice. A. too much B. much too C. very much D. more too ( ) 39. Peter _________ Beijing twice. He will fly there again next month. A. went to B. will go to C. has been to D. goes to ( ) 40. There _________ a football match between Class Two and Class Three this afternoon. A. be B. has C. is going to have D. is going to be ( ) 41. It is cold outside. You’d better not _________ the warm clothes. A. take off B. taking off C. took off D. to take off ( ) 42. —_________ does it take to travel from Beijing to Shanghai by air? —About two hours. A. How far B. How long C. How much D. How often ( ) 43. If people go on polluting the Earth, what may _________ in the future? A. be happen B. happening C. happened D. happen ( ) 44. We _________ a discussion on the importance of weather forecast yesterday afternoon. A. have B. had C. are having D. will have ( ) 45. —Nancy will be a singer when she grows up. —_________. She can’t sing well. A. I think so B. I don’t think so C. I am afraid you can’t D. I agree with you III. Complete the following passage with the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. (5分) A. travel to B. ideas C. no D. be able to E. pollution F. longer What are your predictions (预言) about the future? Let me tell you my ___46___. I think people will have robots as servants (仆人) in their homes. They can help do everything that is boring or dangerous. People will have more free time, so they can take ___47___ holidays. Maybe they can even ___48___ the space station for vacations. The environment will be a lot better, because there will be less ___49___. People can enjoy fresh air and drink clean water. Roads will not be as crowded (拥挤的) as they are now, because people will ___50___ fly freely in the sky. There will be no bookstores. People will read books on the computers and they can also read hundreds of e-books on their mobile phones. Isn’t that great? I can’t wait. 46. _________ 47. _________ 48. _________ 49. _________ 50. _________ IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. (5分) 51. As a _________, she needs to hold meetings every week. (secret) 52. It is _________ to fly kites in the park. (funny) 53. The _________ of the hotel is crowded because of the singer. (enter) 54. The people throughout the world are _________ by the rapid growth of the economy in China. (surprise) 55. Please think about the question _________, then write down your answer. (careful) V. Complete the following sentences as required. (10分) 56. Alice has five English lessons every week. (改为否定句) Alice _________ _________ five English lessons every week. 57. Many students will learn on computers at home. (对划线部分提问) _________ will many students _________ at home? 58. The box is so heavy that he can’t move it. (保持句意基本不变) The box is _________ _________ for him to move. 59. They will travel to the planet in spacecraft. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ they travel to the planet? 60. live, in, people, will, future, I, the, sea, under, the, think (连词成句) ___________________________________________________. Part 3 Reading and Writing第三部分 读写 (共35分) I. Reading comprehension. (25分) A ★ Choose the best answer. (6分) A man made a nice talking machine. It could weigh people. The man wanted to try the machine, so he put the machine into the waiting room of a station. There were always lots of people in and out there. The first one began to use the machine. It was an Indian woman. When she stood on the machine, the machine thought for a few minutes to decide which language it should speak. “Good morning, madam,” it said in Indian. “Your weight is 72 kilos. That’s three kilos more. If you eat more fruit and vegetables, you will be all right soon. Wish you a nice day.” The second one who used the machine was a nice Chinese girl. The machine said in Chinese, “Good morning, Miss. Your weight is 45 kilos. It’s all right for your age and height. Go on to eat what you eat every day. Wish you a nice day.” The third one to use the machine was a very fat American woman. She thought for a long time before standing on the machine. But as soon as she stood on the machine, the machine spoke quickly in English, “Good morning. Will one of you get off?” ( ) 61. The nice talking machine could _________. A. tell people what they should eat B. weigh and talk to people C. tell people how old they are D. tell a story ( ) 62. The man put his machine _________. A. in the doctor’s waiting room B. in a museum C. in a station D. in a train ( ) 63. The _________ woman was the first one to try the machine. A. Indian B. Chinese C. American D. Japanese ( ) 64. What did the machine tell the Indian woman? A. She was a little lighter. B. She was just all right. C. She needed to eat more. D. She was a little bit heavy. ( ) 65. Which of the following statements is RIGHT? A. The machine tested only two people. B. The Chinese girl was too thin. C. The Indian woman was heavier than the American woman. D. Of the three the Chinese girl was the lightest. ( ) 66. The machine said “Will one of you get off?” because _________. A. two people were on it B. the third woman was too fat C. something was wrong with it D. it didn’t know where the woman was from B ★ Choose the best words or expressions and complete the passage. (6分) Tom and Fred are talking about the year 2050. “What will the world ___67___ in the year 2050?” “Well, no one knows. But it is ___68___ to guess,” said Tom. “In the year 2050 everybody will have a pocket computer. The computer will give people the ___69___ to all their problems. We will have telephones in our pockets, too. And we’ll be able to talk to our friends all over the world. Maybe we’ll be able to see them at the same time. Machines will do ___70___ of the work, and people will have more ___71___. Perhaps they will work only two or three days a week. They will be able to fly to the Moon by spaceship and spend their holidays there.” “I’m very ___72___ to hear that. I hope to fly to the Moon. And I hope I’ll be able to live under the sea,” said Fred. “Won’t that be interesting? Just like a fish.” ( ) 67. A. like B. look C. look as D. be like ( ) 68. A. probably B. useful C. interesting D. dangerous ( ) 69. A. news B. ways C. things D. answers ( ) 70. A. most B. many C. lot D. every ( ) 71. A. work B. side C. holidays D. times ( ) 72. A. sorry B. happy C. sure D. afraid C ★★ Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. (6分) There was a big earthquake under the India Ocean Area on December 26th, 2004 and it c___73___ a large tsunami (海啸). Tsunamis are great sea waves produced especially by an earthquake. That morning my classmates and I went to the seaside and had breakfast when we heard a loud noise like bombs. People in the sea ran w___74___ to the bank and s___75___, “Water is coming!” Someone told us to run to a higher place. We ran as quickly as we could. Since we did not know what happened, we were very f___76___. We looked back and saw a t___77___ picture. The water waves were so strong that cars were made to fall upside down and the flood w___78___ away everything on the seaside. We were safe but the number of victims was over 140,000. People call the day “Black Sunday”. 73. _________ 74. _________ 75. _________ 76. _________ 77. _________ 78. _________ D ★ Answer the questions. (7分) 79. What is David’s email address? (1分) ___________________________________________________ 80. David’s father isn’t often at home, is he? (1分) ___________________________________________________ 81. Who is healthier, David’s mother or David’s father? (1分) ___________________________________________________ 82. Why can Amy read and write? (1分) ___________________________________________________ 83. How many lessons does David have at school every day? (1分) ___________________________________________________ 84. What do you think of David’s family? (2分) ___________________________________________________ II. Writing. (10分) Write at least 60 words on the topic “Life in the future”, using the following questions below for reference. (请根据下列提示问题以“未来的生活”为题写一篇不少于60词的短文,标点符号不占格。) Suggested questions: 1. What do you think will happen in the future? 2. What do you hope for the future life? Why? 3. What should we do for the brighter future now? _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Module 2 Unit 7同步验收练习题参考答案 Part 1 听力部分录音原文及参考答案: I. 1. We are learning on computers. 2. Robots are working for people nowadays. 3. My brother wants to be a doctor when he grows up. 4. The air pollution is getting worse. It’s bad for our health. 5. Perhaps people will be able to travel to other planets by spacecraft. (1—5 DEAFC) II. 6. W: What are you going to be, Jack? An astronaut or a soccer player? M: Soccer players can travel all over the world. But I like to fly into the space better. Q: What is Jack going to be? 7. W: Do you know the man with curly hair, Jack? M: Yes. He is Tom’s father, Mr Brown. W: What is he? M: He is a doctor. He works in People’s Hospital. Q: Who is Mr Brown? 8. W: Where would you like to live in the future, Sam? M: I hope to live under the sea. What about you, Amy? W: I hope to live on the Moon. Q: Where does Amy want to live in the future? 9. W: What do you think people will eat in the future, Tim? M: I think people will take pills for meals. Do you think so, Maria? W: No, I don’t think so. Q: Does Maria think people will take pills for meals in the future? 10. W: We’ll have a meeting to talk about our hopes. M: OK. When will we have the meeting? W: How about 3 o’clock this afternoon? M: Sorry, I’m busy at that time. Can we have it half an hour later? W: That’s all right. Q: When will they have the meeting? 11. W: There will be an interesting cartoon film at Century Cinema tonight. M: I want to see it, Mum. W: OK. We will take a taxi there. Q: How will the mother and her son go to the cinema? 12. W: Steven, what are you doing there? M: Oh, I’m writing my hopes on the paper. W: Can you tell me something about your hopes? M: Sorry, Mary. I think it is exciting, but I want to keep it as a secret. Q: What does Steven think about his hopes? 13. W: Have you got a pair of sports shoes in my size? M: I think so. How about these? W: Oh, I like them very much. How much are they? M: Eighty dollars. Q: How much are the sports shoes? (6—9 CABB 10—13 DCAC) III. Dick lives in the countryside and his home is about 5 kilometres away from his school. He has to get up early in the morning and runs to school. He is never late for school. His father thinks Dick is too tired. He wants to buy a bike for him. But Dick doesn’t want his father to do so because he knows his father doesn’t have much money. He keeps running every day. He becomes very strong and he can run very fast. Last week there was a sports meet in his school. Dick won the first place in the boy’s 1,500-metre race. He was very happy and ran home to tell his parents about the good news. (14—19 TFTTTT) IV. My friend is Li Ming. He is a high school student. He likes painting. He is going to be an artist when he grows up. Two years ago he found a part-time job in a restaurant. He worked as a waiter there. He saved some money. Next year he is going to move to Paris. He is going to be a student in an art school. Now he is studying French with the help of Miss Green. (20. painting 21. artist 22. two 23. move to 24. art 25. French) Part 2 I. 26. secret 27. planet 28. signed 29. pills 30. station II. 31—35 CBCCD 36—40 DBACD 41—45 ABDBB III. 46—50 BFAED IV. 51. secretary 52. fun 53. entrance 54. surprised 55. carefully V. 56. doesn’t have 57. What, do 58. too heavy 59. How will 60. I think people will live under the sea in the future Part 3 I. A. 61—66 BCADDB B. 67—72 DCDACB C. 73. caused 74. wildly 75. screamed / shouted 76. frightened 77. terrible 78. washed D. 79. It is david@yahoo.com. 80. No, he isn’t. 81. David’s father. 82. Because David teaches her. 83. Five. 84. Any reasonable answer will be accepted. II. One possible version: Life in the future Our future life will be full of changes. Perhaps there will not be enough food or water for us. Maybe there will be too much serious pollution. As a result, humans will have to take pills instead of food and will not be able to live on the Earth any longer. However, I don’t want to take pills for meals or live in another planet. I hope that everyone can still have enough nice food and fresh air. I also hope we will live on the Earth comfortably. So I think we should travel in greener ways to help reduce more pollution and work harder for developing more new high techniques. Then I believe we can own a brighter future. A “智能校服”进校园,你怎么看? Do we need “smart” uniforms? Do you love your school uniforms? Students always have a lot to say about their school uniforms. Here comes a new question: Do they really need smart uniforms? Eleven schools in China have introduced smart uniforms. There are two chips (芯片) in each uniform’s shoulders. With them, the system can record when the students attend and leave school, or if he falls asleep during classes. The information will be sent to the parents’ smartphones at once. An alarm will ring if a student walks out of school without permission (允许). Each uniform is linked to a student’s face. It is impossible for students to exchange their uniforms. Smart uniforms are designed to protect the safety of students. However, some people worry that students would be tracked (跟踪). The makers of the uniforms say that they respect and protect human rights and that the smart uniform does not track students’ every single move all the time. The schools say, “We choose not to know where the student is after school, but when the student is missing and skipping classes, the uniforms help us know where he or she is.” What do you think of these new uniforms? From: https://www.odditycentral.com What is an English school day like? (I) Our Students Arrive The students start arriving on our upper playground from about 8:45 a.m. Most of our children walk from near by housing estates but some travel to school by car. The children wear a school uniform and carry their homework and packed lunch in a schoolbag. The Start School begins at 8:55 a.m. The duty teacher blows a whistle and the children line up in their class groups. They wait quietly for the teacher to send them to their classrooms. On arriving in their classrooms, the children empty their bags and put their homework in the marking trays / boxes. They hang their bags and coats on the pegs (钉) in the cloakrooms (each class has their own cloakroom). The children then go back into their classrooms. Assembly At 9:10 a.m. the children go to assembly (集合) in our main hall. They sit on the floor in rows with the youngest children at the front and the older children at the back. As the children enter the hall, they listen quietly to the music playing. Each week has a different musical theme and the children are asked to listen out for particular things. What happens in an assembly? In our assemblies the children listen to a story, sing a song and pray. The story is either taken from the Christian Bible or is a story with a moral. The songs we sing are particularly chosen with the children in mind. Some of our songs are sung with the English sign language. To cater (迎合) for the children of different faiths, some of our assemblies do not have a Christian theme. These assemblies are a time for us to gather together to celebrate the achievements of our children and of the school as a whole. Every parent has the right to withdraw (撤走) their child from a school assembly. D 阅读训练题(十一) 阅读训练A To most people of Norway (挪威), skiing is the best way to have fun in winter. Almost everyone can ski. Children learn to ski after they learn to walk. Long, long ago in Norway, there were no buses, trains or cars. The people had to find a way to walk over the deep snow. Skis were the right answer! And Norwegians(挪威人) have been skiing ever since. Today most Norwegians ski just for fun. Most families, mothers, fathers and children, may go together on a ski trip across the snowy countryside. Some of Norwegian young men and women are among the best skiers in the world. They have won many prizes. Although the Norwegians love winter, the people of Norway are happy to see summer come. They enjoy the out-of-doors at any time of the year. In summer they swim and enjoy the sunshine near the oceans. Some people go hiking and mountain climbing. Sail-boats glide(滑行) down the sea during the warm sunny summer months. The Norwegians, like people everywhere, find many ways to have a good time. During the long winter they also enjoy films. They like to read and enjoy books from the libraries no matter (不管) what the season is. Family life is very important to the people of Norway. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. _________ is the most popular sport for Norwegians to enjoy themselves in winter. A. Skiing B. Skating C. Swimming D. Hiking ( ) 2. In the past, Norwegians skied for _________. A. having fun B. winning prizes C. being skiers D. crossing the deep snow ( ) 3. What activity is NOT mentioned (提到)in the passage? A. Skiing B. Skating C. Swimming D. Hiking ( ) 4. Norwegians like outdoor activities in (at) _________. A. summer B. winter C. autumn D. any time of the year ( ) 5. The writer mainly tells us about _________. A. skiing B. the life of Norwegians C. outdoor activities D. indoor activities 1—5 ADBDB 阅读训练B Choose the best words or expressions and complete the passage. Nowadays, more and more people go abroad to ___1___ a further study. I am one of them. Here is a short introduction about my new school in England. The school in England was very ___2___. There were computers and books in every classroom. We had a small library in the school and there was a tennis court at the back of the school. We could play in it if we wanted. It was ___3___, and I had been there many times. At school we studied Maths, English, science, biology, music, art, P.E. and history, and there was only one teacher who ___4___ all of the subjects. There was ELD. ELD was a subject that taught those people who didn’t know English or whose native language (母语) was not English. In the classroom, we had a little animal. ___5___ we let the little animal out. At break we could play with the little animal and the teacher took the little animal home at the end of the day. How is your school life? Is it the same as ___6___? Can you tell me something about it? ( ) 1. A. has B. look C. have D. find ( ) 2. A. much B. good C. better D. best ( ) 3. A. busy B. free C. sad D. happy ( ) 4. A. teach B. teaches C. taught D. teaching ( ) 5. A. Sometimes B. Some times C. Sometime D Some time ( ) 6. A. me B. my C. our D. mine 1—6 CBBCAD 阅读训练C Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. There are lots of tests in schools, like English tests, Maths tests and running tests. Have you ever h___1___ about a bicycle riding test? Some primary schools and middle schools in China are h___2___ this new test. To raise students’ safety awareness(意识) on the roads, some schools are holding bicycle riding tests for students o___3___ 12 years old. The schools also give classes about traffic r___4___. Students can learn to ride a bicycle with the help of their teachers. The test includes(包括) riding skills, such as the moves of getting on and off, making 90 degree turn, passing through a narrow road, riding on the path in the shape of S and s___5___ suddenly. Once they pass the test, they will g___6___ a “riding license.” Many students ride to school in China. Most students and parents welcome this new test. Schools in Shanghai first asked their students to take a “riding license” about 10 years a___7___. Students cannot go to school by bicycle without a license. 1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________ 6. _________ 7. _________ 1. heard 2. having 3. over 4. rules 5. stopping 6. get 7. ago 阅读训练D Careful and careless are as different as fire and water. But it is strange that quite a few scientists have both these qualities (品质). They are both careful and careless. Newton, the famous scientist, was such a person. Once Newton invited a friend to dinner at home. When they were ready to eat, Newton left to get a bottle of wine (酒). But after his friend had waited for a long time, Newton still didn’t come back. At last his friend found Newton in his lab. When Newton was going to get the bottle of wine, he suddenly had a new idea for his experiment. So he forgot his friend and the dinner. Another time, Newton was leading a horse up a mountain, and held the rein (缰绳) in his hand. While he was walking, he kept thinking about problems. When he got to the top of the mountain, he found that the rein was not in his hand and the horse was gone. Einstein was another example. Once he was waiting for a friend at a bridge. While waiting, he lost in thought. It started to rain. The rain kept on for some time. When he took out a piece of paper to write something down, the paper was wet and then he knew that it was raining. But after he put the paper into his pocket, he again forgot he was standing in the rain. Answer the questions. 1. What did Newton do when he and his friend were ready to eat? _____________________________________________________________________ 2. What was gone when Newton got to the top of the mountain? _____________________________________________________________________ 3. Who was Einstein waiting for? _____________________________________________________________________ 4. How did Einstein know it was raining? _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Were Newton and Einstein careful about their life? _____________________________________________________________________ 6. According to the passage, are there many scientists will act like Newton and Einstein? What do you think of Newton and Einstein? _____________________________________________________________________ 1. He left to get a bottle of wine. 2. He found that the rein was not in his hand and the horse was gone. 3. He was waiting for a friend. 4. When he took out a piece of paper to write something down, the paper was wet. 5. No, they weren’t. 6. Yes, there are. They are both careful and careless. It is careful for them to treat their work, but it is careless for them to arrange their life. (Any reasonable answer is OK.) B Module 2 Unit 8随堂练习题 Exercise 1 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. The teacher wants his students to conduct _________ survey for the food. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( ) 2. Enjoy _________ to have some fish and meat, Tom. A. you B. ourselves C. yourself D. yourselves ( ) 3. Teachers often tell us _________ the classroom clean. A. to keep B. keep C. keeps D. keeping ( ) 4. It took me about five hours _________ English every day. A. practise B. to practise C. practising D. practises ( ) 5. We hope that we _________ a bigger library in our school. A. will have B. have C. are having D. to have ( ) 6. —Would you like _________ shopping with us? —No, I’d rather _________ at home. A. go; to stay B. to go; stay C. to go; to stay D. go; stay ( ) 7. —Why not go to have a picnic in the country? —_________. A. No, thank you B. Yes C. Yes, I’d love to D. That’s a good idea ( ) 8. —What do you think of this film? —_________. A. I don’t think of it B. It’s very funny C. Very much D. I borrowed it yesterday III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. The weather in Brighton is quite _________. (change) 2. As middle school students, we should know how to look after _________. (us) 3. His ambition is to be a _________ when he grows up. (science) 4. Sunshine Estate is very nice, but now it’s _________ to find a new flat there. (possible) 5. It’s not raining, so it’s _________ to take an umbrella with us. (necessary) IV. Complete the sentences as required. 1. We have an enjoyable life. (改成感叹句) _________ _________ enjoyable life we have! 2. It would be nice to have more books in our library. (改为一般疑问句) _________ it _________ nice to have more books in our library? 3. I don’t think it is possible to go on a picnic in such bad weather. (保持原句意思基本不变) I think it’s _________ to go on a picnic in such bad weather. 4. To look at the colours of leaves in autumn is interesting. (保持原句意思基本不变) _________ _________ to look at the colours of leaves in autumn. 5. would, computer, nice, it, have, school, be, to, lessons, more, in, our (连词成句) ______________________________________________________. I. 1. conduct 2. air-conditioned 3. ideal 4. change 5. Science II. 1—4 ACAB 5—8 ABDB III. 1. changeable 2. ourselves 3. scientist 4. impossible 5. unnecessary IV. 1. What an 2. Would, be 3. impossible 4. It’s interesting 5. It would be nice to have more computer lessons in our school Exercise 2 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. The Maths problem is very difficult but he wants to work it out _________. A. he B. his C. him D. himself ( ) 2. My dog’s death made me _________. A. happy B. unhappy C. happily D. unhappily ( ) 3. Let’s _________ some posters on the wall. A. hold on B. turn on C. put up D. put down ( ) 4. It takes Tom an hour _________ his homework every day. A. finish B. to finish C. finishing D. finishes ( ) 5. It would be _________ to have a larger swimming pool. We don’t have enough space in our school. A. necessary B. unnecessary C. possible D. impossible ( ) 6. Lily is much _________ than any other people in her family. A. busy B. busier C. the busiest D. more busy ( ) 7. _________ it is to have Christmas parties with our friends! A. How a fun B. How funny C. What a fun D. What fun ( ) 8. —Shall we buy some ice cream? It is so hot. —_________. Let’s go. A. Right B. That’s right C. All right D. You’re welcome III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. Your bedroom is _________(tidy), so you need to clean it. 2. You’d better do the housework by _________ (you), Tom. 3. Jane and I had the most _________ (enjoy) trip. 4. My parents don’t like this film because it’s _________ (interest). 5. I bought a lot of _________ (decorate) last Sunday. IV. Please read the following dialogue which is incomplete, and fill in the blanks with proper sentences according to the context. A. I’m going there with my grandparents. B. Yes, I will. C. What’s your plan? D. What about the afternoon? E. No, I’m not. F. That’s great. A: Hi, John! Are you free tomorrow? B: 1. _________ I’m very busy. A: What are you going to do tomorrow? B: I’m going to visit my uncle and aunt in the morning. A: 2. _________ B: Well ... In the afternoon I want to go to the park. A: Are you going there with your parents? B: No, I’m not. 3. _________ A: Oh. You’re really busy. B: That’s right. 4. _________ A: I’m going to play tennis with my friends in the morning. In the afternoon I’m going to watch a football game. B: 5. _________ I. 1. modern 2. decorate 3. experiments 4. organize 5. magazine II. 1—4 DBCB 5—8 DBDC III. 1. untidy 2. yourself 3. enjoyable 4. uninteresting 5. decorations IV. 1—5 EDACF Exercise 3 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. That was _________ enjoyable evening. I’ll never forget it. A. / B. the C. an D. a ( ) 2. Do you think _________ French fries are really French? A. that B. this C. it D. which ( ) 3. You made so many mistakes in your homework. You must do it _________ next time. A. careful B. more careful C. careless D. more carefully ( ) 4. I would like to have a swimming pool in our school. The underlined part “would like” means _________. A. need B. have C. like D. want ( ) 5. I have to spend more than three hours doing my homework every day. So I’d like to have _________ homework. A. some B. less C. fewer D. a few ( ) 6. Mr Hu asked his students to _________ the changes the younger students would like to see in the school. A. find B. find out C. look for D. look out ( ) 7. It would be possible _________a study in my house. A. have B. to have C. be D. to be ( ) 8. —Shall we conduct a survey among the young students? —_________. A. Yes, please B. No, thanks C. That’s a good idea D. You’re welcome III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. They could move the desks into groups _________. (they) 2. We can do something to make our school life more _________. (enjoy) 3. I’d like to be a _________ when I grow up. (conduct) 4. We’d like to have _________ P.E. lessons in our school. (many) 5. There are two _________ in the room. (air-condition) IV. Complete the sentences as required. 1. I’d like to have a new library in our school. (改为一般疑问句) _________ you _________ to have a new library in your school? 2. Tom would like to have less homework. (改为反意疑问句) Tom would like to have less homework, _________ _________? 3. I don’t think it’s necessary to have that meeting now. (保持原句意思基本不变) I _________ it’s _________ to have that meeting now. 4. We have a discussion in class. We feel excited. (合并为一句) _________ exciting for us _________ have a discussion in class. 5. The students would like to have more computer lessons. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ the students like to have? V. Please read the following dialogue which is incomplete, and fill in the blanks with proper sentences according to the context. A: Hello! 1. _________ B: I’m sorry Liu Ling isn’t in. A: 2. _________ B: She is in the school library. She can’t be back until 10 o’clock. A: 3. _________ B: Sure, go ahead. A: This is Jerry. I will have a birthday party at my home tomorrow. 4. _________ B: Sure. I will give her the message myself. A: 5. _________ B: You’re welcome. A. Thank you very much. B. Can I leave a message? C. I’m sorry to hear that. D. Where is she? E. May I speak to Liu Ling, please? F. Could you ask her to come to my birthday party? I. 1. impossible 2. unnecessary 3. uninteresting 4. difficult 5. suggestion II. 1—4 CADD 5—8 BBBC III. 1. themselves 2. enjoyable 3. conductor 4. more 5. air-conditioners IV. 1. Would, like 2. wouldn’t he 3. think, unnecessary 4. It’s, to 5. What would V. 1—5 EDBFA Exercise 4 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. I can sweep the floor _________. A. mine B. me C. myself D. my ( ) 2. It would be fun _________ us _________ art lessons at school. A. for, to have B. for, having C. to, having D. to, to have ( ) 3. The building only has four floors. It is _________ to have a lift in it. A. important B. possible C. unnecessary D. comfortable ( ) 4. His job at school is _________ the school sports meeting. A. organize B. to organize C. make D. to make ( ) 5. Can you help me conduct a survey _________ our company? A. to B. on C. for D. without ( ) 6. —_____

    • 同步练习/一课一练
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  • ID:4-5664180 牛津上海(本地版)五四制七年级下册Module 1 Garden City and its neighbours 同步练习+单元测试(6份 含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/七年级下(新版)/Module 1 Garden City and its neighbours/本单元综合与测试

    A 网购已经成了一种新风尚,不过下次再接到取货消息时,给你送货的可能不再是那个熟悉的快递员,而是一匹“真机小黄马”。 Robots deliver goods This “little yellow horse” is a robot. It can deliver daily goods like drinks, fruit and snacks from the local store to the people. It weighs 30 kilograms and has six wheels. It has a GPS system, cameras and radar, allowing it to avoid obstacles①. “The weak point is that it cannot deliver directly to the door like a human,” said the customer, who does not live on the ground floor. “But it’s still quite practical. The robot delivers relatively② quickly,” she said. To get a delivery via③ the “little yellow horse”, the customer chooses the products, types in the address and pays via their phone. The supermarket staff place the goods in the robot, and the robot bustles④ off. Boys and girls, do you like it? From: www.timeforkids.com 法国首都巴黎是欧洲大陆上最大的城市,也是世界上最繁华的都市之一。从古至今,从世界各地汇集到巴黎的年轻人都怀揣各种梦想,在这里他们曾梦想成真,也曾有过失望。然而正如利尔克曾说过的,“巴黎是一座无与伦比的城市。” Attractive Paris For centuries, beautiful Paris has attracted people from all over the world. Now, let’s travel together to Paris. When you visit Paris, you don’t have to spend all of your time visiting museums and monuments (纪念碑). First, take some time to look around and experience life in Paris. You’ll find it charming. Spend some time in a quiet park relaxing on an old bench. Lie on your back on the green grass. And have some coffee and pastries (点心) at a sidewalk café. The delicious Paris food is also famous around the world. As evening comes, you may hear music from an outdoor concert nearby: classical, jazz, opera or French folk songs. Parisians(巴黎人) love their music. In Paris the music never ends. Your visit in Paris has just begun. You’ve started to discover the charm of this old city. May you have a wonderful journey. When it is time to leave, you will say in French, “A bientot, Paris, a bientot!” (See you again soon, Paris!) D 阅读训练题(一) 阅读训练A There are two deaf men in a small village. One is Mr White and the other is Mr Black. They live near to each other. They are good friends. Mr White and Mr Black often talk together. They talk about all kinds of things. Sometimes they are worried about their hearing each other. But one thinks the other is much deafer. One day Mr Black came to see Mr White. Mr White was sitting in an armchair (扶手椅). He was having a rest. Mr Black stopped at the door and asked, “Can you hear me?” There was no answer. Mr Black went nearer and asked again, “Can you hear me?” Again he didn’t hear any answers. Mr Black was very pleased. Still he went nearer and asked for the third time, “Can you hear me?” Still there was no answer. At last Mr Black went up to Mr White and shouted, “Now I know you are much deafer than me. You don’t hear my questions.” “I am much deafer?” said Mr White, “No, I answered you three times, but you did not hear my answers.” Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. The two deaf men live _________. A. in the same village B. in different villages C. in a big city D. in a small house ( ) 2. Mr White and Mr Black often _________. A. stay at home B. worry about their hearing C. go out for a walk D. say nothing to each other ( ) 3. What was Mr White doing when Mr Black went to see him one day? A. He was waiting for him. B. He was having lunch. C. He was resting in an armchair D. He was standing at the door ( ) 4. How many times did Mr Black ask Mr White? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. Four. ( ) 5. Mr Black and Mr White are _________ men. A. tall B. interesting C. big D. blind 1—5 ABCCB 阅读训练B Choose the best words or expressions and complete the passage. Mike and his dad went on a camping trip. Mike wrote this ___1___ to his cousin Tina after he returned from the trip. Dear Tina, Last Saturday Dad and I went camping in Enchanted Rock Park in central Texas. We ___2___ a great time. We didn’t leave home ___3___ 10 o’clock on Saturday morning because I had my guitar lesson. It was around noon when we finally got to the park. We had lunch and then took a hike. The park is large. Dad said it is about 1,640 acres (英亩). It is named after the huge pink granite (花岗岩) rock located in the middle of the park. The rock ___4___ like the back of a big turtle (海龟). You may love one side of the rock. It is a favourite place for rock climbers. We saw lots of animals in the park. A ___5___ of bird-watchers camped near us. A woman let me use her binoculars (双筒望远镜). I used them to watch a wild turkey that was far away. I was ___6___how strange it looked. I have so many other things to tell you. I can’t wait to see you. Yours, Mike ( ) 1. A. diary B. message C. letter D. advice ( ) 2. A. brought B. had C. kept D. got ( ) 3. A. when B. after C. to D. until ( ) 4. A. looks B. sounds C. feels D. hears ( ) 5. A. pair B. piece C. kilo D. group ( ) 6. A. surprising B. worrying C. worried D. surprised 1—6 CBDADD 阅读训练C Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. Siena is an old city in the north of Italy. It began with a group of people living on its hills over 2,900 years ago. Around the year 1100, Siena b___1___ an important business centre in Italy. In 1472, the first bank of the world was b___2___ in this city and has been doing business ever since. Today Siena is f___3___ for keeping its “old face”. For example, its city walls, which helped keep the city safe in the past, are hundreds of years old now and look almost the same as before. Also, m___4___ old buildings are seen at the Piazza del Campo, the m___5___ important meeting place of the city. Few things have really changed in this centre of public life for hundreds of years. Now people still go to the open space for sharing news, shopping, or p___6___ sports. There is one more thing that helps keep Siena’s old face: cars cannot enter the city most of the time. True, Siena is old, but it’s beautifully old. People are welcome to v___7___ this beautiful city and walk into the past. 1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________ 6. _________ 7. _________ 1. became 2. built 3. famous 4. many 5. most 6. playing 7. visit 阅读训练D Besides studying and tests, students need to learn some life skills (技能) for the future. These skills can help them live by themselves. The following are some important skills. Managing (管理) money You often get a little money from your parents, and you may spend it as you like. You can make a list of the things before going shopping, and plan how to spend the money. Don’t waste. Washing and cleaning Doing washing correctly is important. You should first read the instructions on clothing, and then check the pockets of the clothes. Pay more attention to different colours of them. As for cleaning, you should learn how to use brooms (扫帚), mops (抹布) and so on. If you often do more cleaning, the people who live with you will thank you for your work. Cooking your favourite meals You should learn how to cook a few of your favourite meals. First ask your parents for help to decide on the menu and ingredients (烹饪原料), and then you can go shopping, cook the meals and clean up the kitchen together. Answer the questions. 1. Why do students need to learn the life skills for the future? ______________________________________________________ 2. How many life skills can we learn from the passage? ______________________________________________________ 3. What can you do before going shopping? ______________________________________________________ 4. What should you do first before doing washing? ______________________________________________________ 5. How can you decide on the menu and ingredients? ______________________________________________________ 6. What do you think of the life skills? ______________________________________________________ 1. Because these skills can help them (to) live by themselves. 2. Three. 3. We can make a list of the things. 4. We should first read the instructions on clothing. 5. By asking our parents for help. 6. They are useful / important ... B Module 1 Unit 1 随堂练习题 Exercise 1 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. I have _________ useful guidebook. I borrowed it from my best friend. A. an B. / C. a D. the ( ) 2. Angela is a friend of _________. We got to know each other four years ago. A. I B. me C. mine D. my ( ) 3. My brother is only four years old, but he _________ draw many beautiful pictures. A. need B. must C. can D. should ( ) 4. David decides _________ to Shanghai with his sister. A. go B. to go D. gone D. going ( ) 5. All of us will _________ Ella’s birthday party next Saturday evening. A. join B. attend C. take part in D. enter for ( ) 6. I _________ Shanghai three times. I would like to go there again. A. have been in B. have been to C. have gone to D. went to ( ) 7. _________ delicious local snacks they are! A. How B. What a C. What D. How a ( ) 8. What would you suggest the tourists _________? A. doing B. to do C. do D. done III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. Many _________ (tour) come to Shanghai to visit the Bund. 2. Grace gave me a lot of _________ (suggest) on where to visit this winter holiday. 3. Yesterday, I went to the _________ (depart) store and nowhere else. 4. Visitors can eat _________ (difference) snacks in Yu Garden. 5. Mary has attended the English _________ (compete) for Middle School Students twice. IV. Complete the sentences as required. 1. Last month the Smiths went to Shanghai Wild Animal Park. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ the Smiths go last month? 2. It takes you about three hours to get to Shanghai by air. (保持句意基本不变) You _________ about three hours _________ to Shanghai. 3. The tourists from America have visited a lot of places in this city. (改为否定句) The tourists from America _________ visited _________ places in this city. 4. My parents and I will go to Europe for sightseeing and shopping. (对划线部分提问) For _________ _________ your parents and you go to Europe? 5. buy, Nanjing Road, can, in, large, you, things, on, department stores (连词成句) ______________________________________________________. I. 1. guide 2. tour 3. reasons 4. grand 5. theatre II. 1—4 CCCB 5—8 CBCA III. 1. tourists 2. suggestions 3. department 4. different 5. Competition IV. 1. Where did 2. spend, flying 3. haven’t, many 4. what will 5. You can buy things in large department stores on Nanjing Road Exercise 2 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. Shanghai is a famous city and it is _________ the east of China. A. in B. to C. on D. at ( ) 2. Japan lies _________ the east of China. A. in B. to C. on D. at ( ) 3. Hebei Province lies _________ the north of Henan Province. A. in B. to C. on D. at ( ) 4. The students of Class One went to visit the forest park _________ Lucky Island. A. in B. at C. of D. on ( ) 5. My classmates usually go to Sanya _________ sightseeing. A. to B. on C. for D. In ( ) 6. All you ever want to do is go _________. A. shop B. to shopping C. shops D. shopping ( ) 7. My best friend went to Beijing a year ago. That’s the reason _________ I wrote to her. A. what B. why C. how D. when ( ) 8. How many travellers _________ to Disneyland since fifteen years ago? A. have gone B. went C. have been D. will go III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. The students went to the Botanical Garden for _________ (funny). 2. _________ you just _________ (buy) a new bag? 3. We can eat many different _________ (snack) at the Food Festival. 4. The old temple was built three _________ (century) ago. 5. Some people like to lie on the beach, but I prefer to go _________ (sightsee). IV. Please read the following dialogue which is incomplete, and fill in the blanks with proper sentences according to the context. A: Hi, Maria. You look unhappy. (1) _________ B: I got really bad grades in Maths this time. I don’t know how to tell my parents about it. A: (2) _________ They are strict with you, but they love you very much. B: Well, I think you are right. Have you finished your homework? A: Yes, I have. I finished it just now. (3) _________ B: There is a problem I can’t work out. (4) _________ A: Sure. When I am helping you, I am studying at the same time. B: (5) _________ A: You’re welcome. A. What about you? B. Don’t worry. C. Thank you! D. What’s the matter? E. Could you help me? I. 1. century 2. technology 3. sightseeing 4. view 5. therefore II. 1—4 ABCD 5—8 CDBC III. 1. fun 2. Have, bought 3. snacks 4. centuries 5. sightseeing IV. 1—5 DBAEC Exercise 3 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. The huge open area _________ green grass is the famous People’s Square. A. of B. in C. on D. with ( ) 2. How are you _________ your tourist guide? A. get on B. get on with C. getting on with D. getting on ( ) 3. Zhejiang is known _________ the land of tea in our country. A. for B. of C. by D. as ( ) 4. It’s fun _________ a bicycle with my father in the Changfeng Park. A. to ride B. riding C. rides D. ride ( ) 5. Bonnie had a headache. _________, she couldn’t go to school. A. However B. Before C. Therefore D. Or ( ) 6. It is safe for us _________ the river in the boat. A. cross B. crossing C. crossed D. to cross ( ) 7. The Oriental Pearl TV Tower is one of _________ in Shanghai. A. the tallest building B. the tallest buildings C. tallest building D. tall buildings ( ) 8. If it _________ rainy tomorrow, our class _________ on a picnic in the countryside. A. isn’t, will go B. doesn’t, will go C. won’t, goes D. won’t be, will go III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. Beijing is _________ (fame) for its local snacks. 2. There are lots of tall _________ (build) in our new neighbourhood. 3. It is not _________ (surprise) that so many people go abroad for travelling. 4. Tokyo is a(n) _________ (nation) city with a population of 12 million. 5. The nearest _________ (shop) centre is 3 miles away from here. IV. Complete the sentences as required. 1. My parents have already packed their suitcases. (改为否定句) My parents _________ packed their suitcases _________. 2. The robot can help Mr Smith to remember everything. (对划线部分提问) _________ can the robot help Mr Smith to _________? 3. Her friends are going to stay at the airport for more than one hour. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ are her friends going to stay at the airport? 4. Peter got a lot of presents for his birthday. (保持句意基本不变) Peter got quite _________ _________ presents for his birthday. 5. convenient, Puxi, it, why, is, to, travel, between, Pudong, and (连词成句) ______________________________________________________? I. 1. surprising 2. District 3. State 4. floating 5. Theatre II. 1—4 DCDA 5—8 CDBA III. 1. famous 2. buildings 3. surprising 4. international 5. shopping IV. 1. haven’t, yet 2. What, do 3. How long 4. a few 5. Why is it convenient to travel between Pudong and Puxi Exercise 4 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. There is a bridge _________ the village and the town. A. among B. of C. between D. inside ( ) 2. In Pudong, you will _________ see Shanghai Pudong International Airport. A. also B. too C. either D. else ( ) 3. There _________ an open area of green grass in front of my house. A. is B. are C. has D. have ( ) 4. Can you _________ some more ideas? A. think about B. think over C. think of D. think at ( ) 5. I _________ the cartoon twice. It’s very interesting. A. see B. saw C. can see D. have seen ( ) 6. Can you help Lucy _________ some information to her notice board? A. add B. adding C. adds D. added ( ) 7. Cindy is tired because she has _________activities every day. A. too much B. too little C. too few D. too many ( ) 8. If it _________ tomorrow, we will have a picnic in the park. A. doesn’t rain B. not rain C. isn’t rain D. don’t rain III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. It is very _________ (convenience) for students to go to school by bus. 2. There is a(n) _________ (observe) in Sheshan. 3. The book is so _________ (interest) that we like to read it very much. 4. Shanghai is one of the _________ (large) cities in China. 5. Look! So many _________ (visit) from other countries are at the People’s Square. IV. Please read the following dialogue which is incomplete, and fill in the blanks with proper sentences according to the context. A: Hi, Ann! Where are you going? B: Hi, Tim! (1) _________ I’ll send a letter to Bob. A: (2) _________ B: Yes. I got a letter from him the day before yesterday. A: (3) _________ B: Very well. He’s been travelling. He has been to France, Spain and Italy. A: How lucky he is! (4) _________ B: Of course. He was born in England. And his mother is from London. A: Oh, I see. London is very beautiful. And I’m going there with my family next month. B: Really? (5) _________ A: Thank you. A. How is he? B. I hope you will enjoy your trip! C. Have you heard from him recently? D. Has he ever been to England? E. I’m going to the post office. I. 1. century 2. reason 3. known 4. tour 5. pigeon II. 1—4 CAAC 5—8 DADA III. 1. convenient 2. observatory 3. interesting 4. largest 5. visitors IV. 1—5 ECADB E 结识if条件状语从句 if引导的条件状语从句表示假如从句的动作发生,主句的动作就(不)会发生。其位置灵活,可直接放在主句后面,也可以放在主句前面。放在主句前面要用逗号与主句隔开。如: I’ll go to see you if I have time. 如果有时间,我就去看你。 If it rains tomorrow, we’ll stay at home. 如果明天下雨,我们就呆在家里。 if条件句的时态搭配: 1. 如果主句是一般将来时,从句则用一般现在时。如: If the rain stops, I’ll go out for a walk. I’ll go with you if you don’t want to go alone. 2. 如果主句含有must, may, can 等情态动词,从句也要用一般现在时。如: If you drive too fast, you may have an accident. You must stop if the traffic is red. 3. 如果主句是祈使句,从句同样要用一般现在时。如: Don’t go and play football if you don’t finish your homework. Please call me if he comes next Sunday. 4. 如果主句表示事实,用一般现在时,从句也要用一般现在时。如: If you heat ice, it turns to water. 最后送给大家一个口诀,简单记忆if条件句用法: if条件句不一般,几个要点记心间;条件句放在前,逗号要放句中间。条件句表可能,主句多用将来时;条件句表事实,主句常用现在时。 surprise用法一瞥 surprise既可用作动词,也可用作名词。作动词用时意为“使(某人)惊奇或吃惊”。作名词用时意为“惊奇、吃惊”。如: His words surprised me a lot. 他的话使我大吃一惊。(作动词) The two men looked at each other in surprise. 那两个人惊奇地互相看着。(作名词) to one’s surprise使某人吃惊的是(作名词) To their surprise, he was a thief.使他们吃惊的是,他是个小偷。 surprised和surprising都是形容词,但其用法区别在于:surprised有被动意味,表示“对……感到惊奇”,主语习惯上是人,且其后多接介词at或不定式to;surprising有主动意味,指“使人惊奇的”,作表语时主语习惯上是事物。试比较: I was surprised at his answer. 我对他的回答感到吃惊。 I’m very surprised to hear you say that. 听你说那样的话我感到很吃惊。 The news is very surprising. 这个消息令人很吃惊。 Module 1 Unit 1正误例析 1. [误] They can eat different located snacks. [正] They can eat different local snacks. [析] 词根locate,可以转换成形容词local,意为“当地的;本地的”;转换成located时用于被动语态结构:be located in / at / on sp. (被安置在……;位于……),相当于lie(s);转换成名词是location,意为“位置”。例句中的local snacks意为“当地美食”。 2. [误] Where can tourists go to in Shanghai? [正] Where can tourists go in Shanghai? [析] where是副词,在句中作状语,而to是介词,后面应该接名词,动名词或代词宾格,而不能接副词。所以正确的句式是:Where can tourists go in Shanghai? 3. [误] Kitty and her classmates have just gone to Shanghai. They have decided to take part in a competition. [正] Kitty and her classmates have just been to Shanghai. They have decided to take part in a competition. [析] have / has gone to sp.意为“去了某地”,还没有回来;而have / has been to sp.意为“去过某地”,已经回来。上例表示“Kitty和她的同学们刚去过上海(已回来),所以她们决定参赛(设计旅游指南)”。 4. [误] It’s in Chongming Island. [正] It’s on Chongming Island. [析] 在英语中表达“在……岛上”,介词要用on. 5. [误] It is one of the largest city in the world. [正] It is one of the largest cities in the world. [析] one of ... 意为“……之一”,表达的是整体中的一部分,所以后面的名词必须是可数名词复数形式。如: one of the girls, one of the books。例句中的结构是:one of + 形容词最高级 + 名词复数。意为“最……的……之一”。 6. [误] It also known as a “Shopping Paradise”. [正] It is also known as a “Shopping Paradise”. [析] be known as 是被动语态用法,意为“以……而被众所周知”,所以不能缺be动词。 7. [误] The Maglev brings you to the international airport in about eight minutes. [正] The Maglev takes you to the international airport in about eight minutes. [析] bring意为“带来”,take意为“带去”,另外carry意为“随身携带”,没有方向性。 8. [误] ... so it is convenient travel between Pudong and Puxi. [正] ... so it is convenient to travel between Pudong and Puxi. [析] “It is + 形容词 + (for sb.) + to do sth.”是一个固定句式,意为“(对于某人来说)做某事是……”,其中的it是形式主语,而动词不定式结构才是真正的主语。 H 如何写“My favourite city” ●例题展示 各位同学,哪座城市是你最喜爱的城市?是繁华的国际化都市东京、上海或是纽约还是文化底蕴浓厚的北京、杭州还是伦敦?你能和大家交流一下你最喜爱的城市和喜爱它的理由吗? 注意: 1. 可适当考虑城市的特色; 2. 词数:60左右。 ●写作策略 写自己喜爱的一座城市,首先要把题审清楚,而且只能描写一座城市,并适当介绍其地理位置和特点,同时要写出喜爱的理由,不能泛泛而谈地介绍该城市的人口、地貌等;其次要具体写,比如很多同学会写喜欢的理由为除了是自己的出生地外,这座城市的文化氛围也很浓厚,因为自己还喜欢研究历史,这也正好满足了自己的兴趣爱好等,或者因为某件事情给自己留下的深刻印象而记住了或者喜欢上了这座城市。 ●写作技巧 1. 体裁:说明文; 2. 人称和时态:第一人称;一般现在时态为主; 3. 写作要点:题目中已明确给出; 4. 篇章结构:首段:提及所喜欢的城市并作简要介绍;主体:结合自身具体写明喜欢的理由;结尾:点题或表达良好愿望等。 5. 常用句型: (1) 开头句: Shanghai is my favourite city. I like it because I was born there, and a lot of my family members and my friends live there. Different people like different cities. I like Sanya best because it is different from other cities in China. Paris is one of the most famous European cities, and it is also one of the most beautiful cities in the world. (2) 结尾句: Why not come to visit this city? I’m looking forward to working in such an interesting city in the future. Therefore, Guangzhou as a famous city with much convenience made it my favourite city. 6. 单句表达:(将下列句子译成英语) (1) 上海,一座国际化的大都市,座落于华东地区。 (2) 上海也被誉为购物天堂。 (3) 上海以它的夜景闻名,所以我常和家人一起去外滩观光。 (4) 如果我去一些上海的古镇,就能吃并买到一些当地的食物。 (5) 坐地铁穿梭于浦东和浦西也很便捷。 参考译文: (1) Shanghai, an international city, is in the east of China. (2) Shanghai is also known as a shopping paradise. (3) Shanghai is famous for its night views, so I always go to the Bund at night with my families for sightseeing. (4) If I go to some old towns in Shanghai, I can eat and buy some different local snacks. (5) It is convenient to travel between Pudong and Puxi by underground. ●佳作登场 Shanghai, an international city, is in the east of China. I can visit many interesting places there, such as the Shanghai Museum, the Century Park and the Yu Garden. Shanghai is famous for its night views, so I always go to the Bund at night with my families for sightseeing. Shanghai is also known as a shopping paradise. Some of my friends like shopping, so I often take them to Xujiahui because there are a lot of department stores there. If I go to some old towns in Shanghai, I can eat and buy some different local snacks. It is convenient to travel between Pudong and Puxi by underground. Why not spread your wings to this lovely city now? ●习作点评 本篇习作的作者描写了自己喜爱的国际化大城市——上海,既简要介绍了上海的地理位置和特点,还结合自身写出喜爱上海的理由——上海特色景点多、外滩夜景美不胜收;美食也不少,交通更方便……这些都给作者留下了深刻印象,结尾向大家发出倡议去游览这座城市。该习作整体内容完整、脉络清晰,而且主体段还使用了变化丰富的状语从句,不失为本文的亮点。 F Module 1 Unit 1 同步验收练习题 第一部分 听力 (共25分) I. Listen and choose the right picture. (5分) 1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________ II. Listen to the dialogue and choose the right answer. (8分) ( ) 6. A. On October 5th. B. On September 5th. C. On October 15th. D. On September 15th. ( ) 7. A. Los Angles. B. Sydney. C. Russia. D. Disneyland. ( ) 8. A. The No. 7 bus. B. The No. 1 bus. C. The No. 6 bus. D. The No. 17 bus. ( ) 9. A. Her teacher. B. Her classmate. C. Her pen friend. D. Her parents. ( ) 10. A. He had a cold. B. He didn’t invite Jack. C. He was not invited. D. He wanted a birthday party. ( ) 11. A. Yes, they can. B. No, they can’t. C. Yes, it is. D. No, it isn’t. ( ) 12. A. It’s in Puxi. B. It’s next to Century Park. C. It’s in Pudong. D. It’s near Huangpu River. ( ) 13. A. By bus. B. By train. C. By subway. D. By plane. III. Listen to the passage and say whether the following sentences are true or false. (6分) ( ) 14. Cindy has never travelled to any places before. ( ) 15. Shanghai is Cindy’s favourite place. ( ) 16. On October 1st, Cindy saw her friends. ( ) 17. The weather was great. ( ) 18. Cindy went boating on the West Lake. ( ) 19. Cindy had a great time with her classmates. IV. Listen and fill in the blanks with the words or phrases you hear. (6分) 20. We made a trip to Science Museum _________ _________. 21. All the students in Grade _________ joined in the trip. 22. We took 7 big _________ there. 23. We talked and _________ all the way. 24. _________ hours later, we arrived there. 25. We felt a little _________, but we were happy! 20. _________ _________ 21. _________ 22. _________ 23. _________ 24. _________ 25. _________ Part 2 Phonetics, Vocabulary and Grammar第二部分 语音、词汇和语法 (共40分) I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. (5分) II. Choose the best answer. (15分) ( ) 31. A strong typhoon hit Shanghai _________ the afternoon of September 18, 2016. A. in B. on C. at D. during ( ) 32. Today it is easy _________ online and millions of people use the Internet every day. A. get B. to get C. gets D. getting ( ) 33. He enjoyed _________ along the beautiful lake after supper. A. walk B. walked C. walks D. walking ( ) 34. _________ useful information you’ve given us! A. What a B. How a C. How D. What ( ) 35. We are very _________ the good news. A. interested in B. proud of C. afraid of D. careful with ( ) 36. Take your glasses with you, _________ you won’t enjoy the play. A. so B. or C. and D. therefore ( ) 37. —Will you help me with the luggage? It’s too heavy. —_________ A. With pleasure. B. Never mind. C. Not at all. D. That’s right. ( ) 38. His pen is more expensive than _________. A. I B. me C. my D. mine ( ) 39. Would you please give us something _________? We are thirsty. A. to drink B. for drink C. drinks D. drink ( ) 40. _________ Thanksgiving Day is a western festival, it’s a chance for us to thank our teachers. A. If B. Although C. When D. Because ( ) 41. Who knows _________? A. why do we call computers electronic brains B. why we call computers electronic brains C. that we call computers electronic brains D. do we call computers electronic brains ( ) 42. —I enjoyed the food very much. —I am glad you like it. Please come again any time you like. —_________ A. Is that all right? B. I am afraid I won’t be free. C. Thanks. I will. D. That’s great. ( ) 43. I will help you, so you _________ worry about it. A. don’t need B. needn’t to C. needn’t D. not need ( ) 44. Did you _________ a lot of money for your new DVD? A. spend B. buy C. cost D. pay ( ) 45. —You’d better not go on working, Professor Li. It’s bad for your health. —_________. A. Thank you for your advice B. That’s all right C. Of course not D. It doesn’t matter III. Complete the following passage with the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. (5分) A. began B. help C. special D. large E. fell F. however A seeing-eye dog is a ___46___ dog. It helps blind people walk along the streets and do many other things. We call these dogs “seeing-eye” dogs because the dogs are the “eyes” of the blind men and they help them to see. These dogs go to special schools for years to learn to ___47___blind people. One day a seeing-eye dog and a blind man got on a bus together. The bus was full of people and there were no spare seats. One man, ___48___, soon got up and left. The dog took the blind man to the seat but there was very little space. The dog ___49___ to push the people on each side with his nose. He pushed and pushed until the people moved down and finally there was enough space for two. The blind man then sat down and the dog got upon the seat at the side of the blind man. He lay and soon ___50___ asleep. Everyone on the bus had to smile at the cleverness (聪明) of the dog in making space for the blind man and, at the same time, making a place for himself. 46. _________ 47. _________ 48. _________ 49. _________ 50. _________ IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. (5分) 51. On January 1st you can see many _________ playing snow in Harbin. (tour) 52. He was _________ at the news that he failed in the exam. (surprise). 53. People’s Square is _________ as “the Centre of Shanghai”. (know) 54. As we know, 200 years is a period of two _________. (century) 55. Vivian would like to give her wedding party in this famous _________ restaurant. (float) V. Complete the following sentences as required. (10分) 56. They have already packed their suitcases. (改为否定句) They _________ packed their suitcases _________. 57. Tourists usually go shopping in Shanghai. (对划线部分提问) _________ do tourists usually _________ in Shanghai? 58. We are going to stay at the airport for two hours. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ are you going to stay at the airport? 59. I know only a little about Pudong New District. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ do you know about Pudong New District. 60. Most of the students had a day off because of the typhoon. (对划线部分提问) Why _________ most of the students _________ a day off? Part 3 Reading and Writing第三部分 读写 (共35分) I. Reading comprehension. (25分) A ★★ Choose the best answer. (6分) You may feel curious (好奇的) about students in other countries: Do they also have so much homework? What do they do in their spare time? On April 8, a report came out on the lives of high school students in China, Japan, South Korea and the US. It surveyed around 6,200 students from the four countries last year. You will find the answers to many of your questions in this report. Who studies hardest? Chinese students spend the most time studying. Nearly half of Chinese students spend more than two hours on their homework every day. That’s much more than students of the US (26.4%), Japan (8.2%) and South Korea (5.2%). Who sleeps most often in class? Japanese students fall asleep in class most often. About 45% of them said they sometimes doze off (打瞌睡) in class. In South Korea, it’s 32%, in the US, 21%; and 5% in China. South Korea students don’t like taking notes. About 70% said they write down what the teacher says in class, many fewer than in Japan (93%), China (90%) and the US(89%). Who is the most distracted (分心的)? American students are the most active in class, but also the most distracted: 64.2% said they chat with friends in class; 46.9% said they eat snacks in class; and 38.9% said they send e-mails or read unrelated (无关的) books in class. What do they do after school? In their spare time, most Chinese students study or surf the Internet. Most American students hang out with their friends. Most Japanese students do physical exercises. Most South Korean students watch TV. ( ) 61. The report surveyed around 6,200 students from _________ last year. A. China, Japan, North Korea and the US. B. China, Britain, South Korea and the US. C. China, Japan, South Korea and the UK. D. China, Japan, South Korea and the US. ( ) 62. _________ students study hardest. A. Chinese B. Japanese C. South Korean D. American ( ) 63. About _________ of Japanese students said they sometimes doze off in class. A. 32% B. 45% C. 21% D. 5% ( ) 64. _________ of the students in America write down what the teacher says in class. A. 70% B. 93% C. 89% D. 90% ( ) 65. American students _________ in class. A. chat with friends B. eat snacks C. send e-mails or read unrelated books D. all of the above ( ) 66. South Korean students _________ after school. A. study or surf the Internet B. hang out with their friends C. do physical exercises D. watch TV B ★★ Choose the best words or expressions and complete the passage. (6分) Winter can be a challenging time to take exercise because of the short daylight and cold weather. There are also plenty of holidays to keep you away from exercising regularly. So how to keep moving and not to gain too much ___67___ during the winter time? Here are some tips for you: Make yourself relaxed. You don’t have to do some intense (剧烈的) sports. When you run or walk, don’t worry about how ___68___ or slow you’re going. Just find a rhythm (节奏) that feels easy and good. Warm up enough. ___69___ you get out of the door, warm up indoors to raise the heart rate, without sweating a lot. Run in place, walk up and down the stairs, or use a jump rope. Try to take exercise during the daytime. When the air is the ___70___ and the sun is out, the weather is more suitable for exercising. But if you have to walk or run in the dark, please carry a flashlight. Get a ___71___. Exercising with a friend, even once a week, can help you get out of the door. It’s hard for you to ___72___ to go out when someone is waiting for you, and you two can encourage each other. ( ) 67. A. experience B. work C. money D. weight ( ) 68. A. fast B. easy C. far D. happy ( ) 69. A. After B. Before C. While D. When ( ) 70. A. longest B. coldest C. warmest D. shortest ( ) 71. A. book B. partner C. present D. phone ( ) 72. A. agree B. discuss C. guide D. refuse C ★ Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. (6分) Shanghai is an i___73___ city. It’s famous for its night v___74___ and shopping centres. There are many attractions in Shanghai, such as People’s Square, Pudong New District and Sheshan State Resort. People’s Square is k___75___ as “the Centre of Shanghai”. If you go to Pudong New District, you will see the Nanpu B___76___ and the famous Oriental Pearl TV Tower. You’ll certainly be s___77___ at the great tower. It is one of the biggest towers in Asia. Sheshan State Resort is about 30km southwest of the city. Many t___78___ go there for sightseeing and fun every year. 73. _________ 74. _________ 75. _________ 76. _________ 77. _________ 78. _________ D ★★ Answer the questions. (7分) One day, a farmer’s donkey (驴) fell into a dry well (井). The poor animal cried for hours before his owner finally found him. The farmer tried hard to pull him out from the well but failed. He felt very sorry for the donkey but after carefully thinking, he decided that he wouldn’t save the donkey because the donkey was too old and he didn’t want to waste more time to save him. So he invited his neighbours to help him bury (埋葬) the old donkey in the well so that it would make him end his pain. Hearing many people coming to help, the old donkey was excited at first. As they began to scoop the dirt into the well with shovels (铲子), he soon realized what was happening. He felt very upset and cried sadly again. As the farmer and his neighbours continued throwing the dirt on his back, he suddenly had a good idea. When the farmer finally looked down into the well, he was surprised at what he saw: every time the dirt landed on his back, he would shake it off and take a step up! Soon, everyone was surprised when the donkey stepped proudly over the well and ran away quickly! It seemed that it would bury him at first, but it actually helped him later. That is life! Just like the donkey, life is going to throw dirt on us, all kinds of dirt. As long as (只要) we face our problems in an active way, each dirt is like a stepping stone with which we get out of the deepest wells. Therefore, never stop and never give up. Success is just in its way. 79. Did the farmer pull the donkey out of the well? (1分) ______________________________________________________ 80. What did the owner invite his neighbours to do? (1分) ______________________________________________________ 81. Why did the owner decide to give up saving the donkey? (1分) ______________________________________________________ 82. How did the donkey feel first when he heard many people coming to help? (1分) ______________________________________________________ 83. The donkey died at last, didn’t it? (1分) ______________________________________________________ 84. What do you think of the donkey? (2分) ______________________________________________________ II. Writing. (10分) One of your foreign friends is coming to Shanghai for a visit. Please write at least 60 words on the topic “Welcome to Shanghai”, using the following questions below for reference.(你的一个外国朋友将到上海访问。请根据提示问题,以“欢迎来上海”为题写一篇关于上海的介绍,不少于60词。) Suggested questions: 1. What’s Shanghai like? 2. What are the interest of places in Shanghai? _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Module 1 Unit 1同步验收练习题参考答案 Part 1 听力部分录音原文及参考答案: I. 1. Helen goes to Shanghai Grand Theatre every month. 2. Many tourists like to go to Nanjing Road to buy things. 3. Lucy will go to the Bund with my parents next Sunday. 4. My friends and I are going to Shanghai Wild Animal Park tomorrow afternoon. 5. Oriental Pearl TV Tower is beautiful. (1—5 BFDEA) II. 6. M: Betty, National Day is coming. Where are you going during the holidays? W: I will go to Lu Mountain in Jiangxi Province. M: When will you be back? W: On October 5th. Q: When will Betty go back? 7. M: Where have you travelled? W: I’ve travelled to many places such as Russia and Disneyland in Los Angeles, but I’ve never been to Sydney. Q: Where hasn’t the woman been yet? 8. W: Excuse me. Which is the way to the nearest supermarket? M: Go down the street, then turn left at the second crossing. At the end of the road, you’ll find it. W: Can I get there by bus? M: Certainly. You can take the No. 7 bus. W: Thank you very much. Q: Which bus can take the woman there? 9. M: So, Kate, where shall we go this winter vacation? W: Sichuan. M: Why? W: You know I have a pen friend in Sichuan. I really want to see what her life is like now. Q: Who does Kate want to see? 10. W: Mike, you look sad. What’s wrong? M: Jack will hold a birthday party on Sunday. He didn’t invite me. I don’t know why. W: Maybe he forgot to tell you. You should call him up. M: All right. Q: What’s wrong with Mike? 11. W: Let’s go to People’s Square. M: Good idea. There are many new tall buildings around the square. W: I hear Shanghai Museum is there. M: Yes, it is. Q: Can they find Shanghai Museum around People’s Square? 12. W: If you go to Pudong, you can see the Oriental Pearl TV Tower. M: Oh, wonderful. W: You can also see Shanghai Science and Technology Museum there. M: Oh. I can’t wait to go there. Q: Where is Shanghai Science and Technology Museum? 13. W: I’ll go back to Hangzhou tomorrow. M: It’s a pity that you can’t stay here for long. How will you go back, Lily? W: By plane. Q: How will Lily go back to Hangzhou? (6—9 ABAC 10—13 CACD) III. I’m Cindy. I like travelling. I have travelled to many cities in China. My favourite city is Hangzhou. It was October 1st. I went to Hangzhou to visit my friends. I felt very happy when I saw them. The weather there was great. After lunch, we went out and bought lots of nice things in the big stores in Hangzhou. We also went to the beautiful West Lake and boated on the lake. How exciting! We really had a good time there. (14—19 FFTTTF) IV. We made a trip to Science Museum last Friday. It was great fun. All the students in Grade 7 joined in the trip. We took 7 big buses there. Before we started, our teachers told us a lot about the trip. We talked and laughed all the way. Two hours later, we arrived there. It was ten o’clock. We felt a little tired, but we were happy! (20. last Friday 21. Seven / 7 22. buses 23. laughed 24. Two 25. tired) Part 2 I. 26. Technology 27. pigeons 28. tour 29. Oriental 30. reason II. 31—35 BBDDA 36—40 BADAB 41—45 BCCDA III. 46—50 CBFAE IV. 51. tourists 52. surprised 53. known 54. centuries 55. floating V. 56. haven’t, yet 57. What, do 58. How long 59. How much 60. did, have Part 3 I. A. 61—66 DABCDD B. 67—72 DABCBD C. 73. international 74. views 75. known 76. Bridge 77. surprised 78. tourists D. 79. No, he didn’t. 80. To help him bury the old donkey in the well. 81. Because the donkey was too old and he didn’t want to waste more time to save him. 82. He felt excited at first. 83. No, it didn’t. 84. He was clever / brave / ... (Any reasonable answer will be accepted.) II. One possible version: Welcome to Shanghai Shanghai is in the east of China. It is an international city. It’s one of the largest cities in the world. It is famous for its night views. It’s also known as a “Shopping Paradise” because there are a lot of department stores. If you come to Shanghai, you can visit many places of interest. For example, you can go to Yu Garden and Nanjing Road. Yu Garden is an ancient park. You can see many beautiful views there. You can enjoy many different snacks there as well. Nanjing Road is full of people from all over the world. People can buy all kinds of things there. If you come to Shanghai, I’m sure you’ll have a good time. Welcome to Shanghai. A “2018世界机器人大赛——RoboCom全球锦标赛”在武汉经济技术开发区武汉体育中心圆满落幕。来自美国、日本等10多个国家和地区的约5000名参赛选手在此展开角逐。 2018 World Robot Contest Finals The 2018 World Robot Contest Finals opened in Wuhan, capital of Hubei Province, with over 5,000 contestants① from home and abroad gathering together for the event. During the three-day event, hundreds of teams consisting of② international teenagers from more than ten countries, including Russia, Australia, and Israel, used robots to compete in contests like three-on-three soccer and a race through water. The competition is aimed at providing a communication platform for global teenagers and encouraging students’ interest in science, technology, engineering, and maths, as well as develop their innovative③ thinking and operational ability. It’s really cool, isn’t it? From: www.tingvoa.com As we all know, Hollywood is famous for its films. What else do you know about it? Let’s read the following passage to get more information about it. Hollywood Hollywood, in California in America, is the film centre of the world. You can visit the film studios there, and see the houses of famous film stars. In Hollywood in the 1900s, the first films were exciting adventures and love stories. Were they different from the films today? Yes, they were black and white, and there was no sound!These films were very popular and many people went to the cinema. In the 1920s, film directors started to make “talking” films and the cinema became more popular. The first new films were very interesting and people liked cowboy films very much. In Hollywood today, directors make many different kinds of films. The most popular films now are cartoons and science fiction films. When directors make these films, they can use many special effects. For example, in the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit? There was a cartoon rabbit and a real actor. With special effects the films are more exciting, and sometimes more frightening. D 阅读训练题(二) 阅读训练A When Mary was seven, her family moved to a new town. She usually went to school by school bus, for it was not near her house. One morning, their family clock stopped and when they got up, it was too late for Mary to catch the school bus. Her mother said she would drive Mary to school on her way to the office. “But how can you find the way, Mum?” Mary asked. “You have only been to my school once.” “Yes.” her mother answered. “But you’ve been there by school bus seven times, you know the way.” “Oh, yes.” said Mary. They started out and Mary asked her mother to turn one way or another on their way to school, so she made her mother drive round most of the town before they got there. When they arrived, her mother found it was not really very far from their house. “Why did you make me go such a long way?” her mother asked her. “Well, Mum.” answered Mary. “I know only this way. The bus always goes like this, so the other children can take it to school.” Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. Mary usually went to school _________. A. in her mother’s car B. by school bus C. on foot D. by bike ( ) 2. One morning Mary got up late because _________. A. her mother forgot to wake her up B. she was not feeling well C. there was something wrong with the clock D. she wanted to sleep more ( ) 3. Mary has been to her school _________. A. only once B. twice C. five times D. seven times ( ) 4. Which of the following is TRUE about Mary? A. She knew only one way to her school. B. She didn’t know the way to her school. C. She knew many ways to her school. D. She knew the shortest way to her school. ( ) 5. Mary made her mother go a long way because _________. A. she wanted to stay with her mother longer B. the school bus always went that way C. she didn’t want to get to school too early D. she wanted to take other children to school 1—5 BCDAB 阅读训练B Choose the best words or expressions and complete the passage. A Frenchman went to visit New York. He didn’t know English. When he ___1___ New York, he took a bus to a hotel. It was Sunday. The Frenchman went out to see a film. As he went along the street, he suddenly ___2___ his way back. So he decided to write down the name of the street. On the wall near the corner of the street, he saw some English words. He wrote them down in his notebook. “Now I know the name of this street,” he said to himself . “It’ll be easy for me to return to the hotel. “He walked for a long time and found a cinema in the city. Then he went in and watched it. Two hours later when he wanted to go back, he took the notebook out of his pocket and showed the name of the street to a young man. The young man ___3___ the words, but he didn’t know what the Frenchman wanted. The Frenchman decided to ask others. He stopped an old man. The old man read the words but he didn’t know what the Frenchman wanted, ___4___. Then the Frenchman saw a young woman. The young woman knew ___5___ French. When the Frenchman showed her the words in his notebook and asked where the street was, the young woman ___6___, for in the Frenchman’s notebook, there were only three words “One Way Street”, it was not a street name. ( ) 1. A. arrived B. got C. got to D. reached to ( ) 2. A. thought of B. though out C. thought over D. thought about ( ) 3. A. showed B. put C. read D. gave ( ) 4. A. too B. either C. neither D. also ( ) 5. A. little B. some C. many D. a few ( ) 6. A. cried B. liked C. thought D. laughed 1—6 CACBBD 阅读训练C Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. Think about watching films every day for a week! I think all the children will be very happy about the i___1___. The Children’s Film Festival will be h___2___ in our theatre from January 15 to January 22. About 2000 school children will watch great films here. All the festival’s films, 10 Chinese and 15 from o___3___ countries, are for children. At the end of the festival, children can c___4___ the best ones for themselves. One of the Chinese films is Girl’s Diary. It t___5___ the story of how Ranran, a sixth-grade girl, grows up. She doesn’t like Maths. But when she meets her new Maths teacher, she begins to work harder on her Maths. Her d___6___ shows that she loves him. But when her mother reads it, they have a fight. Then they don’t talk for a l___7___ time. But in the end, she finds that her mum is right and truly loves her. 1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________ 6. _________ 7. _________ 1. idea 2. held 3. other 4. choose 5. tells 6. diary 7. long 阅读训练D Mr Read was ill and he went to see a doctor. The doctor asked him to put out his tongue (舌头) and then he said, “OK. You can put your tongue back now. There’s nothing wrong with you, but I’m afraid you have a problem: you hardly take exercise.” “But, doctor,” Mr Read said, “I don’t think so.” “Don’t tell me what you think,” the doctor said, “I know what you need. I see a lot of people like you. None of them get any exercise. They sit in offices all day and in front of the television in the evening. You must walk quickly for at least 30 minutes a day. ” “Doctor, you don’t understand,” Mr Read said. “I take enough exercise every day.” “I don’t want to hear any excuse (借口),” the doctor said. “you must find time for exercise. If you don’t, you’ll get fat and have health problem.” “But I walk every day,” Mr Read said. “Oh, yes, and I know what kind of walking that is. You walk a few metres from the bus stop to your office, and a few more metres from your office to your dining room for lunch and back. That’s not a real walk. I’m talking about a walk in the park or by the lake for twenty minutes every day.” “Would you please listen to me, doctor?” Mr Read said, getting a little angry with his doctor. “I’m a postman,” Mr Read went on, “and I walk for nearly seven hours every day.” For a moment the doctor was silent, and then he said quietly, “put out your tongue again, will you?” Answer the questions. 1. Where did Mr Read work? _________________________________________________________ 2. How did the doctor look over (检查) Mr Read? _________________________________________________________ 3. What did the doctor ask Mr Read to do? _________________________________________________________ 4. Did Mr Read take enough exercise every day? _________________________________________________________ 5. How many times did Mr Read put out his tongue that day according to the passage? _________________________________________________________ 6. What do you think of the doctor? Why? _________________________________________________________ 1. He worked in a post office. 2. He asked Mr Read to put out his tongue. 3. The doctor asked Mr Read to do more exercise. 4. Yes, he did. 5. Two times. 6. He isn’t a good doctor. Any reasonable answer is OK. B Module 1 Unit 2 随堂练习题 Exercise 1 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. It’s an exciting film _________ a lot of action. A. with B. of C. has D. about ( ) 2. I’d like _________ with my pet cat every evening. A. play B. playing C. to play D. plays ( ) 3. I don’t like films about clowns. They are _________. A. kind B. stupid C. clever D. interesting ( ) 4. Let’s take a look at the film guide, _________? A. shall we B. will you C. do we D. do you ( ) 5. All of us were very _________ when we saw the _________ film. A. excited; exciting B. exciting; excited C. excited; excited D. exciting; exciting ( ) 6. Let’s discuss where we will have the party. The underlined part means “_________”. A. talk to B. talk with C. talk about D. talk over ( ) 7. My father had a cold the day before yesterday. So _________ I. A. do B. did C. had D. was ( ) 8. —_________ film would you like to see? —I’d like to see films about adventures. A. Whose B. Which C. What kind of D. How many III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. My brother was hurt by a _________ (rob) yesterday. 2. The _________ (fun) pictures make all of us laugh. 3. _________ (act) films are popular in the world. 4. Bob and his family had a(n) _________ (excite) trip to Hainan last month. 5. Let’s have a(n) _________ (discuss) about our trip to Beijing. IV. Please read the following dialogue which is incomplete, and fill in the blanks with proper sentences according to the context. A. What are you going to do today? B. No, I don’t like it at all. C. Can I go with you? D. May I help you? E. We have many kinds of activities in our PE lessons. F. Do you like playing sports? G. What do you do? A: Hello, Lin Tao. 1. _________ B: Oh, hello, Li Lei. I’m going to watch a football match. A: Oh, really? Who’s it against? B: It’s between Liaoning team and Jilin team. A: Oh, that’s a very important match. I don’t want to miss it. 2. _________ B: Of course. Let’s go. A: It seems that you like football very much. Do you like PE? B: 3. _________ A: Why not? B: Because the teacher just lets us play games ourselves. What about you? A: I like it very much. 4. _________ B: You are lucky. A: 5. _________ B: Yes, playing sports can make us healthy. I think we should exercise every day. A: That’s right. I agree with you. I. 1. stupid 2. prince 3. action 4. clowns 5. adventure II. 1—4 ACBA 5—8 ACBC III. 1. robber 2. funny 3. Action 4. exciting 5. discussion IV. 1—5 ACBEF Exercise 2 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. _________ film about a farmer is _________exciting one. A. An, an B. The, an C. The, the D. A, the ( ) 2. Some day rockets may be able to go to any place _________ space. A. in B. at C. for D. by ( ) 3. Children usually like to read books full _________ pictures. A. about B. in C. by D. of ( ) 4. —_________ does the new computer cost you? —About 4,000 yuan. A. How many B. How old C. How long D. How much ( ) 5. —I can’t finish my homework in half an hour. —_________ Noble. A. So does B. Neither can C. So can D. Neither does ( ) 6. I think Shanghai is one of _________ cities in China. A. beautiful B. more beautiful C. most beautiful D. the most beautiful ( ) 7. I got up late this morning, so I _________the early bus. A. missed B. miss C. caught D. catch ( ) 8. —Shall we have a picnic this Sunday? —_________ A. That’s right. B. That’s all. C. Good idea! D. Certainly. III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. Which is the _________ (short) way to City Cinema? 2. _________ (final), we found the way back home. 3. Snow White is a beautiful _________ (prince). 4. He is the _________ (two) fattest boy in our class. 5. The _________ (during) of the film will be 90 minutes. IV. Complete the sentences as required. 1. Mrs Li likes shopping very much. (改为一般疑问句) _________ Mrs Li _________ shopping very much? 2. The film lasts 100 minutes. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ does the film last? 3. The canteen is crowded with students at noon. (保持句意基本不变) The canteen is _________ _________ students at noon. 4. Peter is going to see the 3:30 show in the afternoon. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ is Peter going to see in the afternoon? 5. film, cowboys, a, far, small, away, about, is, Country Road, in, a, town (连词成句) ______________________________________________________. I. 1. duration 2. circus 3. full 4. laughter 5. cowboy II. 1—4 BADD 5—8 BDAC III. 1. shortest 2. Finally 3. princess 4. second 5. duration IV. 1. Does, like 2. How long 3. full of / filled with 4. Which show 5. Country Road is a film about cowboys in a small town far away Exercise 3 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. The sisters would like to see their grandparents in the village _________ this Saturday. A. on B. in C. at D. / ( ) 2. Let’s _________ to the French restaurant to have dinner tonight. A. goes B. to go C. go D. going ( ) 3. I don’t like the film about wars. _________my younger sister. A. So does B. Neither do C. So do D. Neither does ( ) 4. The price of the ticket for the show is not _________. You can buy one with such a little money. A. high B. expensive C. cheap D. low ( ) 5. Many people think that Kung Fu Panda III is probably one of _________. A. great film B. greatest films C. the greatest film D. the greatest films ( ) 6. This meeting will last _________ three hours. A. to B. in C. after D. for ( ) 7. I’d like to buy two hundred books for the children altogether. The underlined part means “_________”. A. at all B. in all C. of all D. above all ( ) 8. —_________ film would you like to see? —I’d like to see Space War. A. What about B. Which C. How D. Whose III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. My grandparents still keep their _________(diary) as usual. 2. The astronaut’s life has probably been _________ (excited). 3. My mother can sing songs _________ (beauty). 4. I like to see films about _________ (cowboy) life in America. 5. At weekends, Nanjing Road _________ (be) full of people. IV. Complete the sentences as required. 1. My best friend has been to China and he knows something about China. (改为否定句) My best friend _________ been to China and he knows _________ about China. 2. Mr Smith will spend 2,000 yuan on the motorcycle. (保持句意基本不变) Mr Smith will _________ 2,000 yuan _________ the motorcycle. 3. I’d like to see Never Say Die this Thursday. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ you like to see this Thursday? 4. My parents go to the cinema twice a month. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ do your parents go to the cinema? 5. children, film, where, the, to, the, see, are, going (连词成句) ______________________________________________________? I. 1. diary 2. pay 3. altogether 4. price 5. kind II. 1—4 DCDA 5—8 DDBB III. 1. diaries 2. exciting 3. beautifully 4. cowboys’ 5. is IV. 1. hasn’t, nothing 2. pay, for 3. What would 4. How often 5. Where are the children going to see the film Exercise 4 I. Fill in the blanks according to the phonetic transcriptions. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. Go straight ahead, turn left _________ Tree Road, and you will find the hospital easily. It’s _________ your right. A. into; on B. into; in C. on; into D. on; in ( ) 2. The ticket to this film _________ me forty yuan. A. took B. paid C. cost D. spent ( ) 3. _________ left until you see the bank. A. Not turn B. Turning C. Don’t turn D. To turn ( ) 4. We’ll decide which film _________. A. has seen B. to see C. seeing D. see ( ) 5. I’ll call you as soon as I _________ to the office. A. arrive B. reach C. get D. go ( ) 6. _________ great fun it is to have a picnic in spring! A. What B. What a C. How D. How a ( ) 7. Could you tell me _________ to visit City Zoo? A. where B. what C. which D. when ( ) 8. _________ are they going to pay for the tickets altogether? A. How many B. How much C. How long D. How soon III. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. 1. This film is both interesting and _________ (excite). 2. Jackie Chan is one of the most famous _________ (act) in China. 3. There are two _________ (route) for us to choose. 4. Alice and her classmates always get _________ (suggest) from their teachers. 5. Jane designs fashionable clothes for people. So she is a fashion _________ (design). IV. Please read the following dialogue which is incomplete, and fill in the blanks with proper sentences according to the context. A. Don’t worry. B. What did you do? C. Why were you disappointed? D. Why do you look tired today? E. I feel afraid. F. Was it exciting? G. I am so happy. A: Hello, Jane! 1. _________ B: Because I went to bed too late last night. A: 2. _________ B: I watched a football match between two famous teams. A: 3. _________ B: Yes, it was. But I was a little disappointed. A: 4. _________ B: Because my favourite player missed a good chance. He lost a goal. All his fans were very angry with him. A: But you shouldn’t be angry with him. He must have tried his best. B: Yes, I think so. Oh, you seems a little unhappy, what’s the matter with you? A: I feel lonely. My parents went to Beijing for an important meeting. I’m alone at home. B: 5. _________ I’ll stay with you. A: Thank you very much. B: You are welcome. I. 1. route 2. bookshop 3. pay 4. avenues 5. price II. 1—4 ACCB 5—8 CADB III. 1. exciting 2. actors 3. routes 4. suggestions 5. designer IV. 1—5 DBFCA E 走近“so, neither”开头的倒装句 一、so引导的倒装句型 so引导的倒装句的条件: 1. 肯定句。 2. 不同的人或物。 结构: So + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语. 如: —They like funny films. 他们喜欢滑稽电影。 —So do I. 我也是。(so译为“也、同样”) = Me, too. 二、neither引导的倒装句 neither引导的倒装句的条件: 1. 否定句。 2. 不同的人或物。 结构: Neither / nor + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语. 如: —I have never been to Beijing.我从未去过北京。 —Neither have I.我也没去过。(neither译为“也不、同样也不”) = Me, neither. 温馨提示1: 如果第二分句只是重复前句的意思,用来表示赞同时,且两句主语相同。so和neither引导的句子就不倒装。如: —It was cold yesterday. 昨天天气很冷。 —So it was. 是很冷。 —He has never been to Shanghai. 他从未去过上海。 —Neither he has. 他是未去过。 温馨提示2: so, neither开头的倒装句一定要与上句的时态保持一致。如: ▲—Peter doesn’t like swimming. 彼得不喜欢游泳。 —Neither does Tom. 汤姆也不喜欢。 ▲—Peter went to school by bus yesterday. 彼得昨天乘公交车去上学。 —So did Tom. 汤姆也是。 温馨提示3: so, neither开头的倒装句中的助动词要根据人称的变化而变换。如: —Peter doesn’t like swimming. 彼得不喜欢游泳。 —Neither do I. 我也不喜欢。 Module 1 Unit 2正误例析 1. [误] They

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  • ID:4-5590492 牛津上海版七年级下册 Module 3 The natural elements Unit 10 Water Festival单元测试卷(含解析版答案 无听力)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/七年级下(新版)/Module 3 The natural elements/Unit 10 Water Festival

    牛津上海版七年级下册《Unit 10 Water Festival》2019年单元测试卷 一、Vocabulary and Grammar (共35分) I. Choose the best answer. (20分) 1.(1分)The new student behind you is ______Canadian girl.( ) A.an B.the C.a D./ 2.(1分)Kitty's kite is more colourful than ______.( ) A.I B.me C.mine D.my 3.(1分)The 15th United Nations Climate Change Conference (联合国气候变化大会) opened ______ December 7, 2009.( ) A.on B.in C.at D.of 4.(1分)Don't worry. You can do it ______ today or tomorrow.( ) A.both B.too C.neither D.either 5.(1分)﹣ ______ food do you need? ﹣Enough for ten people.( ) A.How much B.How many C.How far D.How often 6.(1分)______ Peter is poor at Chinese, he is good at other subjects.( ) A.Because B.Although C.So D.If 7.(1分)Which season do you like ______, autumn or winter?( ) A.good B.well C.better D.best 8.(1分)Alice is looking forward to ______herself in the computer room this afternoon.( ) A.enjoy B.enjoying C.enjoys D.enjoyed 9.(1分)We usually find this sign ______ a swimming pool.( ) A.for B.on C.with D.at 10.(1分)The Nanpu Bridge is one of ______suspension bridges in the world.( ) A.long B.longer C.longest D.the longest 11.(1分)John has already finished his report, so he ______ work on it any more.( ) A.needn't B.mustn't C.need D.must 12.(1分)Kitty and Mary ______ pen pals for more than five years.( ) A.has been B.have been C.were D.will be 13.(1分)I like the jeans with the blue belt. But my mother likes ______ with the yellow belt.( ) A.the one B.the ones C.one D.ones 14.(1分)Falling leaves makes me ______ autumn.( ) A.to think of B.thinking of C.thought of D.think of 15.(1分)Today many people can use computers, but very ______ of them know how to look after them.( ) A.little B.a little C.few D.a few 16.(1分)______ important news he has brought us!( ) A.What B.What an C.What a D.How 17.(1分)I've got some questions for you to ______.( ) A.think of B.think about C.show off D.put on 18.(1分)I can't see any students in the playground. I think they are having an exam at the moment. The underlined part means ______.( ) A.then B.now C.soon D.at once 19.(1分)Ben ______ most of his time collecting stamps.( ) A.spends B.takes C.costs D.pays 20.(1分)﹣Summer is coming soon. Let's have a festival about water. ﹣______( ) A.That's a good idea. B.Yes, I would. C.No, I wouldn't. D.No, thanks. 二、II. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. (5分) 21.(1分)China will host its (one) Expo in Shanghai. 22.(1分)More and more children in our country are getting (interest) in the cartoon of "Space Wars". 23.(1分)They are talking about "Water (safe)" in their neighbourhood. 24.(1分)How can we live in such a dirty and (noise) place? 25.(1分)Televisions and video players make our lives more (enjoy). 三、III. Rewrite the following sentences as required. (10分) 26.(2分)Players have to get five points in 10seconds to get a prize. (改为否定句) Players to get five points in 10seconds to get a prize. 27.(2分)Alice usually finds this sign near a beach. (对划线部分提问) Alice usually find this sign? 28.(2分)After we finished our homework, we played computer games. (改为同义句) We play computer games we finished our homework. 29.(2分)There is very little snow in Shanghai in winter. (改为反意疑问句) There is very little snow in Shanghai in winter, ? 30.(2分)Diving is not allowed here. (改为同义句) People here. 四、Reading and Writing (共40分) I. Reading comprehension. (30分) 31.(5分)Is it good to be in a middle school? Most American children think so. In America, middle schools often have sixth, seventh, and eighth grades. It is different in different places. For children, going to a middle school is a big change. Most middle schools in America have a special day for new middle school students. On that day, they are showed around the school by their new teachers. And they could know a lot about the history of the school. They also would make friends with the old schoolmates (校友). They will grow up and learn some different and difficult things in a middle school. A new middle school student will learn foreign languages, computer, music and art, health, and other skills, such as cooking. A middle school will have sports teams, clubs and have activities for children. They can choose what they like and join them. If they are good at singing, playing basketball or something else, or if they want to learn, they can join them. Most American children think it's good to be in a middle school. True or False. (1)In America, middle schools often have grades from six to eight. (2)On the special day, new middle school students visit the school with their parents. (3)Students know a lot about the history of the school before they enter it. (4)Students will learn both some subjects and other skills in a middle school. (5)There are many sports teams, clubs and activities in a middle school in America. 32.(5分)Cambodia (柬埔寨) is going to open the Angkor Wat temples (吴哥窟) at night to interest more tourists to the poor country. Tourism is an important foreign currency earner (外汇收入) for Cambodia. More than 1,000,000foreign people are going to visit it this year, and most of them are from South Korea, Japan and the United States. More than half of visitors will visit the Angkor Wat temples. Now visitors must walk out of Angkor Wat temples at sunset, but Cambodia is going to extend (延长) the visiting hours to as late as 8:30p.m. "We want visitors to see all views of the temples, even in the dark places where they may not see some of the sculptures and statues," Bun Narith said. But as hotels are more and more, people need lots of underground water. People say the uncontrolled pumping (无节制地抽水) of underground water is bad for the Earth under the temples. Choose the best answer. (1)The passage is mainly talking about . A. the views of the Angkor Wat temples B. the people of Cambodia C. the tourism in Cambodia D. the hotels of Cambodia (2)More than will visit the Angkor Wat temples. A. 1,000,000tourists B. 100,000tourists C. 500,000tourists D. 50,000tourists (3)Now the Angkor Wat temples will open . A. until the sunset B. all day C. until half past eight in the morning D. until half past eight in the evening (4)The tourists from will visit Cambodia. A. North Korea, Japan and the United States B. South Korea, Japan and the United States C. South Korea, Canada and the UK D. North Korea, Canada and the United States (5) is bad for the Earth under the temples. A. The uncontrolled pumping of underground water B. Too many hotels and residents C. The extending visiting hours D. The opening of the Angkor Wat temples 33.(5分)Did you ever set up a lemonade stand (柠檬水小摊) when you were a kid? Many of us did and if we were very lucky, we could make enough money to buy ice cream from the Good Humour Truck. Last Saturday, Jack Yielding, a five﹣year﹣old boy from Oakville, Ontario, got $41,233from two lemonade stands and a car charity (慈善) wash. Jack gave the money to Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children, where Jack who has epilepsy (羊癫疯), is a patient there. This was Jack's second year to host the Lemonade Stand for sick kids, and the whole town came to show their love. More than 1,000people came to the lemonade stands on Saturday. "Jack is working hard to turn his lemons into lemonade to help his friends at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children," Jack's mother, Jodi Yielding, told us. Answer the questions. (1)How old is Jack? (2)What's wrong with Jack? (3)What did Jack do to get money? (4)How many people came to Jack's lemonade stands on Saturday? (5)What do you think of Jack? 34.(10分)Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. Water is very important to us. Every day we drink water, cook with water, take a shower in water, and have many other activities with water. Let's read and learn more about it! 70percent of an adult's body is water. And about 80percent of a baby's body is water. Drinking too much water q(1) can cause water intoxication (醉). People should have about eight c(2) of water every day. By the time you feel thirsty, your body has l(3) over one percent of its water. About 80percent of the Earth's surface is covered with water. Only one percent of this water is fresh, 97percent is salt water and two percent is f(4) in glaciers (冰川). And now, it's time to s(5) water! 五、II. Writing. (10分) 35.(10分)Write at least 60words on the topic "Say Something about the Forms of Water", using the following questions for reference: ● What happens when water boils? ● What happens when steam cools down? ● What happens when ice melts? ● What happens when water freezes? Say Something about the Forms of Water 牛津上海版七年级下册《Unit 10 Water Festival》2019年单元测试卷 参考答案与试题解析 一、Vocabulary and Grammar (共35分) I. Choose the best answer. (20分) 1.【解答】a,an,the三者都是冠词,a,an 是不定冠词 ,放在单数可数名词前面 ,表示某类人或事物中的"一个 、一名",表泛指,a用于以辅音音素开头的字母或单词前、an用于以元音音素开头的字母或单词前.the 是定冠词,表特指,意为"这、那、这些、那些".放在可数名词和不可数名.由题干"你身后的新学生是安卡是一个加拿大的女孩."可知,空格是"一个加拿大的女孩"表泛指,"一个"用不定冠词,因Canadian是以辅音音素开头的单词,因此空格用a.所以答案应是a. 故选:C. 2.【解答】根据句意:Kitty的风筝比我的风筝更新鲜.可知是风筝相比较,空格后没有名词,故用名词性物主代词. 故选:C. 3.【解答】根据句意:联合国气候变化大会在2009年12月7日召开.可知表示具体某一天,用介词on. 故选:A. 4.【解答】根据句意:别担心.你可以今天做,也可以明天做.可知考查句型either…or或者…或者…,结合选项,A.两者都 B.也 C.两者都不 D.二者中任一. 故选:D. 5.【解答】根据句意:﹣你需要多少食物?﹣够十个人吃的.结合选项,A.多少,修饰不可数名词数量 B.多少,修饰可数名词复数 C.多远 D.多久一次,food是不可数名词,所以选项A符合题意. 故选:A. 6.【解答】根据句意:虽然彼得汉语不好,但是他擅长其他科目.结合选项,A.因为 B.虽然 C.因此 D.是否;如果,选项B符合题意. 故选:B. 7.【解答】根据句意:你喜欢哪个季节,秋天还是冬天?可知两者比较,是比较级. 故选:C. 8.【解答】根据句意:Alice盼望着今天下午到电脑室玩个痛快.可知考查look forward to doing sth期待做某事. 故选:B. 9.【解答】根据句意:我们通常在游泳池里发现这个标志.可知考查句型at a swimming pool在游泳池畔,结合选项,A.为了 B.在上面 C.带有 D.在… 故选:D. 10.【解答】根据句意:南浦大桥是世界上最著名的悬索桥之一.可知考查句型:one of the+形容词最高级+名词复数,表示最…之一. 故选:D. 11.【解答】考查情景对话.A不必.B不允许.C需要.D必须.结合语境"John已经完成了他的报告,所以他__再做了"可知,应该是"不必". 故选:A. 12.【解答】根据句意:Kitty 和 Mary 已经是笔友五年多了.可知for more than five years表明时态为现在完成时,have/has+过去分词,主语是复数形式,用have. 故选:B. 13.【解答】one同类异物,此题根据语境:我喜欢蓝色腰带的牛仔裤,但我妈妈喜欢黄色腰带的.jeans牛仔裤,此题是特指,故用the ones. 故选:B. 14.【解答】根据句意:落叶使我想起了秋天.可知考查句型make sb do sth使某人做某事, 故选:D. 15.【解答】little和a little修饰不可数名词,排除AB;few和a few修饰不可数名词,few表示否定,a few表示肯定;结合句意和but表示转折可知,要用否定意思. 故选:C. 16.【解答】考查感叹句.感叹句可以是what a/an+形容词+名词+主语+谓语!或how+形容词+主语+谓语!这里主语he.谓语has brought.名词是news消息,不可数名词.不用a/an,直接用What. 故选:A. 17.【解答】根据句意:我有一些问题要你考虑.结合选项,A.想起 B.考虑 C.炫耀 D.穿上,由some questions 可知选项B符合题意. 故选:B. 18.【解答】根据句意:在操场上我看不到任何学生.我认为他们此刻正在考试.结合选项,A.然后 B.此刻 C.很快 D.立刻,选项B符合题意. 故选:B. 19.【解答】spend花费,主语是人,主语(人)+spend+时间或金钱+(in) ding sth是固定句式;take花费,用it作形式主语,cost花费,主语是物;pay支付,付款,主语是人;结合句意和语法可知,要用spends. 故选:A. 20.【解答】考查情景对话.根据Let's have a festival about water.让我们有一个关于水的节日.可知前句是祈使句,表示一个建议,应说那是个好主意. 故选:A. 二、II. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. (5分) 21.【解答】从its﹣﹣ (one) Expo in Shanghai,判断这里应该是说在上海举办第一届世博会,用one的序数词first. 故填 first. 22.【解答】根据getting﹣﹣ (interest) in 可知句子考查短语get interested in表示对…感兴趣. 故填 interested. 23.【解答】这里about是一个介词,放在介词后面跟名词形式. 故填safety. 24.【解答】从 a dirty and﹣﹣ (noise) place可知这里放在名词前面用形容词形式. 故填 noisy. 25.【解答】根据空格前面的词语是more,所以要用多音节形容词来填空,构成形容词的比较级,因此可知这句话的意思是"电视和视频播放器让我们的生活更快乐." 故填enjoyable. 三、III. Rewrite the following sentences as required. (10分) 26.【解答】考查否定句.由have动词原形,可知,一般现在时态,主语Players复数,变否定句在have前加助动词don't.have用原形.have to不得不、必须. 故答案是:don't have. 27.【解答】考查划线部分提问.根据near a beach在海滩附近,可知,对地点提问用疑问词where哪.后跟一般疑问句,由usually通常,可知,一般现在时态,主语Alice单数,含有实意动词,变一般疑问句用助动词does. 故答案是:Where does. 28.【解答】考查同义句."我们做完家庭作业后,我们玩电脑游戏"可以表达为"直到做完作业,我们才玩电脑游戏".not…until"直到…才".由played过去式,可知,一般过去时态,否定形式用助动词didn't. 故答案是:didn't;until. 29.【解答】考查反义疑问句.反意疑问句通常遵循前肯后否,或前否后肯的原则.由little很少、几乎没有,可知,陈述部分是否定形式,疑问部分用肯定形式,there is"有".肯定形式用is there. 故答案是:is there. 30.【解答】考查同义句."在这里潜水是不被允许的"可以表达为"人们不原形在这里潜水".情态动词mustn't不允许.后跟动词原形dive潜水. 故答案是:mustn't dive. 四、Reading and Writing (共40分) I. Reading comprehension. (30分) 31.【解答】细节判断题. 1.T 根据In America, middle schools often have sixth, seventh, and eighth grades.在美国,中学通常有六、七、八年级,可知在美国,中学通常有六到八年级.故答案为T. 2.F 根据On that day, they are showed around the school by their new teachers. And they could know a lot about the history of the school. They also would make friends with the old schoolmates (校友).在那一天,他们被新老师带到学校周围.他们可以了解学校的历史.他们还可以和老同学交朋友.可知在这个特殊的日子,新的中学生和他们的父母参观学校是错误的.故答案为F. 3.F 根据And they could know a lot about the history of the school. They also would make friends with the old schoolmates (校友).他们可以了解学校的历史.他们还可以和老同学交朋友.可知学生们在进入这所学校之前,对它的历史了解很多是错误的.故答案为F. 4.T 根据 A new middle school student will learn foreign languages, computer, music and art, health, and other skills, such as cooking.一个新的中学生会学习外语、计算机、音乐和艺术、健康以及其他技能,比如烹饪.可知学生们将在中学学习一些科目和其他技能.故答案为T. 5.T 根据A middle school will have sports teams, clubs and have activities for children. 一所中学会有运动队、俱乐部和为孩子们举办的活动.可知在美国的一所中学里有许多运动队、俱乐部和活动.故答案为T. 32.【解答】(1)C.细节理解题,根据原文Cambodia (柬埔寨) is going to open the Angkor Wat temples (吴哥窟) at night to interest more tourists to the poor country.柬埔寨打算晚上开放吴哥窟来吸引更多的游客来很穷的国家.Tourism is an important foreign currency earner (外汇收入) for Cambodia.对柬埔寨来说,旅游就是一个重要的外汇收入.可知本文主要是讲故选C. (2)C.细节理解题,根据原文More than 1,000,000foreign people are going to visit it this year, More than half of visitors will visit the Angkor Wat temples.超过100万外国人今年会来柬埔寨参观,超过一半的游客将会参观吴哥窟.可知参观吴哥窟的人数是超过50万人.故选C. (3)A. 细节理解题,根据原文Now visitors must walk out of Angkor Wat temples at sunset,现在游客必须在日落时候走出吴哥窟,可知开放截止时间是日落时候,故选A. (4)B. 细节理解题,根据原文 and most of them are from South Korea, Japan and the United States而且大部分人必须都是来自韩国,日本和美国,故选B. (5)A. 细节理解题,根据原文 People say the uncontrolled pumping (无节制地抽水) of underground water is bad for the Earth under the temples.人们说无节制地从吴哥窟下面地下抽水是对地球不好的.故选A. 33.【解答】1. He is 5 years old.细节理解题.根据Jack Yielding, a five﹣year﹣old boy from Oakville, Ontario,可知杰克是5岁.故答案为He is 5 years old. 2. He has epilepsy.细节理解题.根据where Jack who has epilepsy (羊癫疯), is a patient there.在那里,患有癫痫的杰克是一名患者.可知他有癫痫症.故答案为He has epilepsy. 3. He had two lemonade stands and a car charity wash.细节理解题.根据 got $41,233 from two lemonade stands and a car charity (慈善) wash.可知他有两个柠檬水摊和一个洗车慈善机构.故答案为He had two lemonade stands and a car charity wash. 4. More than 1,000 people.细节理解题.根据More than 1,000 people came to the lemonade stands on Saturday.周六,超过1000人来到柠檬水摊位.可知超过1000人.故答案为More than 1,000 people. 5. I think he is kind. 细节理解题.根据Jack gave the money to Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children,杰克把钱捐给多伦多儿童医院,Jack is working hard to turn his lemons into lemonade to help his friends at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children,"杰克正在努力把他的柠檬变成柠檬水,帮助他在多伦多的儿童医院的朋友们. 可知我认为他是善良的.故答案为I think he is kind. 34.【解答】1. quickly. 考查副词.根据下文can cause water intoxication ,结合给出的首字母提示,因此可知这句话的意思是"很快地喝很多的水会引起水醉."所以要用副词来修饰动词drink.故填quickly. 2. cups. 考查名词.根据空格前面的词语是数词eight,所以要用复数名词来填空,结合给出的首字母提示,因此可知这句话的意思是"人们每天应该喝大约八杯子水."故填cups. 3. lost.考查动词.根据上文"By the time you feel thirsty"结合给出的首字母提示,因此可知这句话的意思是"你感到口渴的时候,你的身体已经失去了百分之一的水了." 又因为空格前面的词语是has,所以要用过去分词来填空,故填lost. 4. frozen. 考查形容词.根据空格后面的词语是 in glaciers,结合给出的首字母提示,因此可知这句话的意思是"97%的是咸水,2%的在冰川冻着." 5. save.考查动词.根据上文结合给出的首字母提示,因此可知这句话的意思是"现在,是时候节约用水了."又因为空格前面的词语是不定式符号to,所以要用动词原形来填空.故填save. 五、II. Writing. (10分) 35.【解答】Say Something about the Forms of Water There are three forms of water.【高分句型一】 They are steam, ice and water. How do they change into each other? Let me tell you. When water boils, it turns into steam【高分句型二】 .【要点一,水沸腾时会发生什么】 When steam cools down, it turns into water. 【要点二,蒸汽冷却后会发生什么】 When ice melts, it turns into water. 【要点三,冰融化时会发生什么】 When water freezes, it turns into ice.【要点四,当水结冰时会发生什么】 Pay much attention to the three forms of water and you'll find it's amazing!

  • ID:4-5590486 Module 1 Garden City and its neighbours Unit 2 Going to see a film单元测试卷(含解析版答案 无听力)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/七年级下(新版)/Module 1 Garden City and its neighbours/Unit 2 Going to see a film

    牛津上海版七年级下册《Unit 2 Going to see a film》2019年单元测试卷 一. Choose the best answer. (20分) 1.(1分)May wants to be an astronaut in ______ future.( ) A.a B.an C./ D.the 2.(1分)The old man lived in an old house by ______.( ) A.he B.himself C.his D.him 3.(1分)Bob, you should learn ______ your brother. He has found a job.( ) A.of B.at C.from D.over 4.(1分)He turned on the torch ( 手电筒) to ______ his keys.( ) A.look for B.look after C.look out D.look up 5.(1分)You should eat ______ spicy food, or you will have a stomachache.( ) A.more B.fewer C.many D.less 6.(1分)______ it was raining heavily outside, ______ he went to the concert.( ) A.Although, but B.Although, / C.Because, so D.Because, / 7.(1分)Please ______ the posters on the wall, boys and girls.( ) A.put on B.put up C.take up D.take off 8.(1分)Your new coat feels very ______. How much is it?( ) A.well B.nicely C.soft D.better 9.(1分)It is necessary ______ his parents everything.( ) A.to tell B.telling C.told D.tells 10.(1分)She likes ______ in the swimming pool because it's too hot today.( ) A.swim B.to swim C.swimming D.swims 11.(1分)You are always asking silly questions, Tom. The underlined part means ______.( ) A.beautiful B.clever C.foolish D.interesting 12.(1分)Oh, it was an awful day today! The underlined part means ______.( ) A.terrible B.bright C.sunny D.cloudy 13.(1分)I hope that Mark ______ good marks in the final exam.( ) A.gets B.got C.to get D.will get 14.(1分)The students are voting ______ model students now.( ) A.for B.of C.on D.at 15.(1分)A young man ______ to visit me last Sunday.( ) A.come B.comes C.came D.will come 16.(1分)______ do you like this kind of music?( ) A.Who B.Why C.What D.Which 17.(1分)There ______ a book exhibition in the hall next month.( ) A.is going B.will C.will have D.will be 18.(1分)Mum, I will help you with the house﹣work, so you ______ do it.( ) A.don't need B.need to C.don't need to D.need 19.(1分)﹣______ ﹣Someone stole my new bike.( ) A.Excuse me. B.I'm sorry. C.What's the matter? D.Nice to meet you. 20.(1分)﹣Perhaps people will not need to eat food in twenty years' time. ﹣______( ) A.I think so. B.Thank you very much. C.That's all right. D.That's a good idea. 二. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. (5分) 21.(1分)Money is important, but it can't buy (happy) for us. 22.(1分)She cried (sad), but I don't know why. 23.(1分)It's (possible) for us to finish the work in one day. That's too difficult. 24.(1分)Long ago, dinosaurs (恐龙) all suddenly died and (appear) from the Earth. 25.(1分)He was angry because she spent a lot of money buying (necessary) things. 三. Rewrite the following sentences as required. (10分) 26.(2分)The students have computer lessons every week. (改为否定句) The students computer lessons every week. 27.(2分)His mother is busy doing some important work. (改为同义句) His mother is some important work. 28.(2分)Summer makes me think of ice cream. (对划线部分提问) summer make you think of? 29.(2分)They can finish the work before the end of this year. (改为同义句) They will be finish the work before the end of this year. 30.(2分)Bill never does his homework at school. (改为反意疑问句) Bill never does his homework at school, ? 四. Reading comprehension. (30分) 31.(5分)Last year, we had an English teacher from the U.S.A. We all called him Mr Black. He often told us that English was very useful. He taught us very well. In his classes he always gave us more time to speak English. At first I could not talk to my classmates in English. But soon I found English was not so difficult and I could talk to my classmates in English. So I began to like it. Now Mr Black teaches in another school. This year we have a new teacher, Mrs Green. She also teaches us very carefully. She often asks us to recite (背诵) the texts and play games. With the help of the two foreign teachers, we all make great progress (进步). Now I am enjoying studying this subject. True or false. (1)This year our English teacher is Mr Black. (2)Mr Black told us that English was the most important language in the world. (3)In Mr Black's classes, students did not have much time to speak English. (4)Mrs Green also teaches us very carefully. (5)We make great progress with the help of the two teachers. 32.(5分) Improve Sleep Good health needs good sleep. Go to bed before you're tired. Don't eat or read in bed. Go to bed at the same time before midnight and get up early in the morning at the same time every day. Stay Away from the Flu A cold or the flu virus (病毒) can live on our hands for a long time. So often wash all parts of your hands with soap and water. For more ways to prevent(防止) the spread of the flu, please call Health Line at 1800﹣848﹣1313. Oral Health Brush your teeth twice a day and visit the dentist at least once a year. The oral examination is not only for the health of teeth, but for the whole body. For more information, please visit www.mydr.com.cn. Fit for Life Studies show that physical (身体的) activity is very important. Try to do exercise for 30 minutes a day, 5 days or more a week. For more information, please call Health Line at 1800﹣438﹣2000. Choose the best answer. ( 1)If you want to get a good sleep, you'd better . A. go to bed before you're tired B. go to sleep at midnight C. go to bed at different time D. eat something or read in bed (2)To prevent a cold or flu, it's good for you . A. to clean your fingers often B. to brush your teeth twice a day C. to get up early every morning D. to wash all parts of your hands (3)You should visit the dentist at least . A. once a day B. twice a day C. once a year D. twice a year ( 4)If you want to know something about physical activity, you can call at . A. 1800﹣848﹣1313 B. 1800﹣438﹣2000 C. www. mydr. com. cn D. 1800﹣883﹣2000 ( 5)The meaning of the underlined word "oral" is . A. 病毒的 B. 口腔的 C. 减肥的 D. 平常的 33.(5分)People travel a lot with Bel Air because they know they can go where they want to. Bel Air goes quickly and safely across the country, across the sea or across the world. Bel Air flies all the newest and fastest planes to more towns and cities, more countries of the world than any other airline (航空公司). Do you want to go to Paris, Washington DC, Tokyo? Bel Air will take you there, at any time of the day and night, through the week. But Bel Air flies not only to the biggest cities, the rich counties﹣we two or three times a week to towns and cities in the centre of Asia, Africa and South America. People who travel a lot fly with Bel Air, because they know they will leave on time and arrive on time. They also know that they will receive the best food and watch the best films. Answer the questions. (1)What is Bel Air? (2)How do Bel Air's planes fly? (3)When can Bel Air take you to Paris? (4)Does Bel Air only fly to the biggest cities? (5)What do you think of Bel Air? 34.(5分)Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage. Perhaps you have learned a lot(1) the Internet, but do you know what it is? The Internet is a network. It uses the telephone to join (连接) millions of computers together around the world. When you are connected with (与……连接) the Internet, there are lots and lots of things you can do. You can (2) E﹣mails to your friends, and they can get them in a few seconds. There are many different kinds of computers now. Most of them are small enough to be put on people's desks at home, but there are still many (3) in schools, offices or large companies. There are lots of places for you to go into the Internet. For example, your school may have the Internet. You can use it during lessons. Thanks to the Internet, the world is becoming (4) . You can buy or sell what you want on the Internet. But do you know 98% of the information on the Internet is in (5) ? So you should learn English well. 1. A. of B. about C. / D. at 2. A. get B. receive C. give D. send 3. A. other B. the other C. others D. another 4. A. larger and larger B. smaller and smaller C. stronger and stronger D. older and older 5. A. English B. Chinese C. French D. Japanese 35.(10分)Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. Wang Mei is ten years old. She is in Grade Four and she works(1)h at her lessons. Her teachers like her and often say she is a good student. One evening, after she had supper, she wanted to do her (2)h . But she couldn't find her pen. Perhaps she (3)l it. So she had to buy a new one. She went into a shop and asked, "How (4)m is the pen?" "Three yuan." "Was it two yuan yesterday?" "Yes, but it was yesterday's value (价格)." "I am going to (5)b yesterday's pen," said the little girl, "not today's pen." 四. Writing. (10分) 36.(10分)Write at least 60words about the topic "Life in the Future". Suggestions: 1. What will happen in the future? 2. What will people do in the future? 3. What do you think of the life in the future? Life in the Future 牛津上海版七年级下册《Unit 2 Going to see a film》2019年单元测试卷 参考答案与试题解析 一. Choose the best answer. (20分) 1.【解答】in the future在将来.固定表达,in future 从今往后,此题根据语境:梅想成为未来的宇航员. 故选:D. 2.【解答】he他,主格,himself他自己,反身代词,his他的,形容词或名词性物主代词;him他,宾格.此题根据语境:老人独自住在一所旧房子里. 故选:B. 3.【解答】learn from向..学习,此题根据语境:鲍勃,你应该向你哥哥学习,他找到了工作. 故选:C. 4.【解答】look for寻找;look after照顾;look out向外看;look up向上看.根据"He turned on the torch ( 手电筒) to ______ his keys."因此可知这句话的意思是"他打开手电筒来寻找他的钥匙." 故选:A. 5.【解答】more"更多的、附加的"是many/much 的比较级,用来修饰可数名词或不可数名词; fewer "较少的"是few的比较级,只能用来修饰可数名词的复数;many "许多的"可作形容词,用来修饰可数名词的复数形式;less"较少的、较少地"是little的比较级,只能用来修饰不可数名词.由题干"你应该吃较少的辣的食物,否则你会胃痛."可知,空格是"较少的",用less,因此答案应是less. 故选:D. 6.【解答】although 尽管,不与but连用,because因为,此题根据语境:尽管外面雨下得很大,他还是去听音乐会了. 故选:B. 7.【解答】put on穿上;put up张贴;take up占据;take off起飞.根据the posters on the wall,因此可知这句话的意思是"孩子们,请在墙上张贴海报." 故选:B. 8.【解答】考查形容词.A好.B很好地.C软的.D更好.句意"你的新外套很___.多少钱".feel感觉,系动词,系表结构,用形容词soft软的. 故选:C. 9.【解答】根据句中含有固定句式It's+形容词+to do sth意为"做某事怎么样"其中it为形式主语,动词不定式作真正的主语,根据该句式,故填入动词tell的动词不定式形式在句中作真正的主语,故填入to tell. 故选:A. 10.【解答】根据空格前面的词语是like是,因此可知这句话考查的是短语like doing指的是泛指喜欢做某事;like to do指的是某一次具体的喜欢做某事,根据because it's too hot today.可知是某一次具体的喜欢,所以要用动词不定式来填空,因此可知这句话的意思是"她喜欢在游泳池里游泳,因为今天太热了." 故选:B. 11.【解答】考查形容词.A美丽的.B聪明的.C愚蠢的.D有趣的.结合语境"汤姆,你总是问一些愚蠢的问题"可知,silly蠢的.可以表达为foolish愚蠢的. 故选:C. 12.【解答】考查形容词.A糟糕的、可怕的.B明亮的.C晴朗的.D多云的.结合语境"哦,今天真是糟糕的一天"可知,awful糟糕的.可以表达为terrible糟糕的. 故选:A. 13.【解答】get得到,gets三单,got过去式,will get 一般将来时,此题根据语境:我希望马克在期末考试中取得好成绩. 故选:D. 14.【解答】考查介词.A为.B属于.C在…上.C在几点或小地点.句意"学生们正在为模范学生投票".vote for为…投票.表示目的. 故选:A. 15.【解答】come来.过去式came,三单comes;将来时will come.根据语境:上星期天一个年轻人来看我了.last Sunday 可知是一般过去时态,故用came. 故选:C. 16.【解答】who谁,why为什么;what什么;which哪一个;此题根据语境:你为什么喜欢这种音乐? 故选:B. 17.【解答】根据句意:下个月大厅将有一个图书展览.可知考查there 句型的一般将来时:there will be或者there is going to be,结合选项. 故选:D. 18.【解答】这里need是一个实意动词,用于need to do sth,否定句需要加助动词do. 故选:C. 19.【解答】考查情景对话.A.Excuse me.打扰一下;B.I'm sorry. 对不起;C.What's the matter?怎么了?D.Nice to meet you.很高兴遇见你.根据﹣Someone stole my new bike.可知应说怎么了? 故选:C. 20.【解答】考查情景对话.A.I think so.我想是吧.B.Thank you very much.非常感谢, C.That's all right.没关系.D.That's a good idea.那是个好主意.根据Perhaps people will not need to eat food in twenty years' time.可知应说我想是吧. 故选:A. 二. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. (5分) 21.【解答】考查单词填空.根据所给单词提示及其题干Money is important,可知but但是,表示转折,应说但它不能为我们买到幸福.happiness名词. 故答案为happiness. 22.【解答】考查单词填空.根据所给单词提示及其题干,可知应说她伤心地哭了,但我不知道为什么.sadly副词修饰动词cry. 故答案为sadly. 23.【解答】考查单词填空.根据所给单词提示及其题干That's too difficult,可知应说我们不可能在一天内完成这项工作.it is+形容词+for sb to do sth固定句型,这里表示不可能用形容词impossible. 故答案为impossible. 24.【解答】考查单词填空.根据所给单词提示及其题干Long ago, dinosaurs (恐龙) all suddenly died,可知句子是一般过去时.即恐龙都突然死亡,从地球上消失了. 故答案为disappeared. 25.【解答】从He was angry 判断后面说的是她买了不需要的东西. 故填unnecessary. 三. Rewrite the following sentences as required. (10分) 26.【解答】考查否定句.由实意动词have,可知,变否定句在have前面加don't,后面跟动词原形have. 故答案是:don't have. 27.【解答】根据His mother is busy doing some important work,可知这里be busy doing sth表示忙于做某事,变成同义句,可以用be busy with改写. 故填busy with. 28.【解答】根据Summer makes me think of ice cream,这里of后面跟的是宾语,询问用what,时态是一般现在时,需要加助动词does. 故填 What does. 29.【解答】这里can表示能,可以用be able to表示,放在will后面跟动词原形. 故填able to. 30.【解答】根据句意"比尔在学校从不做家庭作业,是吗"可知,前面是否定形式,简短问句用肯定形式,这里句子是一般现在时,主语是单数,加助动词does. 故填 does he. 四. Reading comprehension. (30分) 31.【解答】细节判断题. 1.F 根据Last year, we had an English teacher from the U.S.A. We all called him Mr Black.去年,我们有一位来自美国的英语老师.我们都叫他布莱克先生.可知今年我们的英语老师是布莱克先生是错误的.故答案为F. 2.F 根据He often told us that English was very useful.他经常告诉我们英语很有用.可知布莱克先生告诉我们英语是世界上最重要的语言是错误的.故答案为F. 3.F 根据 In his classes he always gave us more time to speak English.在他的课上,他总是给我们更多的时间讲英语.可知在布莱克先生的课堂上,学生们没有多少时间讲英语是错误的.故答案为F. 4.T 根据She also teaches us very carefully. 她也教我们非常仔细.可知格林夫人也非常认真地教我们.故答案为T. 5.T 根据With the help of the two foreign teachers, we all make great progress (进步).在两位外教的帮助下,我们都取得了很大的进步.可知在两位老师的帮助下,我们取得了很大的进步.故答案为T. 32.【解答】1.A 细节理解题.根据Good health needs good sleep. Go to bed before you're tired.健康需要良好的睡眠.在你累之前睡觉.可知如果你想睡个好觉,你最好在累之前上床睡觉.故选A. 2.D 细节理解题.根据A cold or the flu virus (病毒) can live on our hands for a long time. So often wash all parts of your hands with soap and water.感冒或流感病毒可以在我们手上存活很长时间.所以经常用肥皂和水洗手.可知为了预防感冒或流感,洗手对你有好处.故选D. 3.C 细节理解题.根据Brush your teeth twice a day and visit the dentist at least once a year.每天刷牙两次,每年至少看一次牙医.可知你应该一年至少看一次牙医.故选C. 4.B 细节理解题.根据Studies show that physical (身体的) activity is very important. Try to do exercise for 30 minutes a day, 5 days or more a week. For more information, please call Health Line at 1800﹣438﹣2000.研究表明,身体的活动是非常重要的.试着每天锻炼30分钟,每周锻炼5天或更多.有关更多信息,请致电1800﹣438﹣2000健康热线.可知如果你想知道一些关于体育运动的事情,你可以拨打1800﹣438﹣2000.故选B. 5.B 词义猜测题.根据前句Brush your teeth twice a day and visit the dentist at least once a year.每天刷牙两次,每年至少看一次牙医.可知结合选项,应说口腔检查不仅是为了牙齿的健康,也是为了整个身体.所以"oral"意为口腔的.故选B. 33.【解答】1. It is an airline.细节理解题,根据Bel Air flies all the newest and fastest planes to more towns and cities,(贝尔航空公司在全国、海上或世界各地迅速、安全地飞行)可知Bel Air 是航空公司,故答案为:It is an airline. 2. They fly quickly and safely.细节理解题,根据Bel Air goes quickly and safely across the country可知贝尔航空公司在全国、海上或世界各地迅速、安全地飞行,故答案为:They fly quickly and safely. 3. At any time of the day and night, through the week.细节理解题,根据 Do you want to go to Paris, Washington DC, Tokyo? Bel Air will take you there, at any time of the day and night, through the week可知你想去巴黎,贝尔航空将在白天和晚上的任何时间带你去那里,故答案为:At any time of the day and night, through the week. 4. No, it doesn't.细节理解题,根据But Bel Air flies not only to the biggest cities可知贝尔航空不仅只飞到最大的城市,故答案为:No, it doesn't. 5. It is wonderful / great…(Any reasonable answers are acceptable.)细节理解题,根据题干意思:你觉得贝尔航空公司怎么样?此题答案不唯一,合理即可,故答案为:It is wonderful / great. 34.【解答】1.B.考查介词.A属于.B关于.C不填.D在几点或小地点.句意"也许你学到了很多__互联网的知识".可知,应该是"关于".a lot修饰动词,意思是"很多".learn about学习关于…选B. 2.D.考查动词.A得到.B收到.C给.D发送.句意"你可以给你的朋友__电子邮件".可知,应该是"发送".选D. 3.C.考查代词.other其它的,通常加名词.the other(两个中)另一个.others相当于other+复数名词,泛指"另外几个","其余的".another(三个及以上之中)另一个.句意"他们中的大多数都小到可以放在家里的桌子上,但学校、办公室或大公司里还有很多___"可知,many修饰others.选C. 4.B.考查比较级.A越来越大.B越来越小.C越来越强壮.D越来越老.句意"多亏了互联网,世界变得__".可知,应该是"越来越小".选B. 5.A.考查名词.A英语.B汉语.C法语.D日语.句意"但是你知道网上98%的信息是__的吗".根据下一句So you should learn English well.所以你应该学好英语.可知,应该是"英语".选A. 35.【解答】1. hard.考查副词.根据空格前面的词语是work,所以要用副词来填空,结合给出的首字母提示,因此可知这句话的意思是"她学习很努力."故填hard. 2. homework.考查名词.根据上下文可知,结合给出的首字母提示,因此可知这句话的意思是"她想做作业"故填homework. 3. lost.考查动词.根据下文"So she had to buy a new one. "因此可知这句话的意思是"她可能是丢了钢笔."故填lost. 4. much.考查副词.根据答语"Three yuan." 因此可知要用much来填空,因此可知这句话的意思是"这只笔多少钱?"故填much. 5. buy.考查动词.根据上文,因此可知这句话的意思是"我要买一只昨天的钢笔."又因为空格前面的词语是I am going to ,所以要用动词原形来填空.故填buy. 四. Writing. (10分) 36.【解答】Life in the Future We've entered a new century. In the future people will possibly be able to live on other planets.【高分句型一】Perhaps people may be able to grow vegetables in space stations.(未来会发生什么) People in different countries will possibly speak the same language, and they can understand each other better. In the future there will be no summer or winter and the weather will never be too hot or too cold.(未来人们会做什么) I think we will live a happy life in the future.(我对未来生活的评价)【高分句型二】

  • ID:4-5587350 牛津上海版七年级下册 Module 3 The natural elements Unit 11 Electricity单元测试卷(含解析版答案 无听力)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/七年级下(新版)/Module 3 The natural elements/Unit 11 Electricity

    牛津上海版七年级下册《Unit 11 Electricity》2019年单元测试卷(1) 一、Vocabulary and Grammar (共35分)I. Choose the best answer. (20分) 1.(1分)Susan spent 200 yuan buying ______ iron last week.( ) A.a B.an C.the D./ 2.(1分)______ a cold morning, the old man died lonely in his house.( ) A.On B.In C.At D.About 3.(1分)You are old enough to take care of ______, Mike.( ) A.you B.your C.yours D.yourself 4.(1分)You ______ go to school on foot. You can take a school bus.( ) A.can B.needn't C.mustn't D.must 5.(1分)You mustn't go ______ the tunnel by bike.( ) A.across B.in C.through D.on 6.(1分)We couldn't buy anything because ______ of the shops were open at that time.( ) A.some B.any C.all D.none 7.(1分)Beijing is different ______ my hometown because there are many tall buildings in it.( ) A.from B.of C.at D.for 8.(1分)We can fly ______ Nanpu Bridge to Pudong New District.( ) A.over B.through C.above D.under 9.(1分)﹣Fred has never been to Sheshan State Resort. ﹣______.( ) A.Neither do I B.So do I C.Neither have I D.So have I 10.(1分)This furniture is made ______ wood, so you must be careful with fire.( ) A.from B.with C.as D.of 11.(1分)Heaters make us ______ more comfortable in winter.( ) A.to feel B.feeling C.felt D.feel 12.(1分)It is possible for steam to ______ a big machine.( ) A.drive B.make C.repair D.call 13.(1分)I saw a group of students ______ a picnic on the grass just now.( ) A.have B.having C.had D.has 14.(1分)______ important information you've collected!( ) A.What a B.What an C.What D.How 15.(1分)If it _________ next week, we will go for an outing.( ) A.doesn't rain B.rains C.won't rain D.will rain 16.(1分)Don't turn on the TV. Grandma ______ in her room now.( ) A.is sleeping B.will sleep C.slept D.sleeps 17.(1分)﹣How about flying kites in the park this Sunday? ﹣______( ) A.Thank you. B.Right. C.You're great. D.Good idea. 18.(1分)﹣Bob hurt his arm yesterday. ﹣Really? _________( ) A.What's wrong with him? B.That's great. C.I'm sorry to hear that. D.It's a pleasure. 二、II. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. (5分) 19.(1分)用适当形式的给定单词完成句子. We can find a lot of (electricity) appliances in our houses. 20.(1分)用适当形式的给定单词完成句子. We have a spring outing every year to make our school life more (enjoy). 21.(1分)用适当形式的给定单词完成句子. As we all know, computers can help us to work more (efficient). 22.(1分)用适当形式的给定单词完成句子. The child was very (frighten) when the thunder crashed. 23.(1分)用适当形式的给定单词完成句子. They are talking about the (important) of protecting nature. 三、III. Rewrite the following sentences as required. (10分) 24.(2分)My cousins have already arrived in the U.S.A. (改为一般疑问句) your cousins arrived in the U.S.A. ? 25.(2分)Sally earns about 6,000 yuan every month. (对划线部分提问) does Sally earn every month? 26.(2分)We can use electricity to drive cars. (改为同义句) We can use electricity cars. 27.(2分)It takes me about two months to understand the meaning of the painting. (对划线部分提问) does it take you to understand the meaning of the painting? 28.(2分)Billy knows my good habits. He knows my bad habits, too. (改为同义句) Billy knows my good habits and bad habits . 四、Reading and Writing (共40分)I. Reading comprehension. (30分) 29.(5分)Doctors tell us that holidays are necessary. We should rest from work for one or two weeks every year if it is possible. They say we should leave our homes and go to another part of the country. We should go for a holiday. Then, after the holiday we return home and we'll be fresh and ready for work. It seems to be true for most adults and young children but not for the old. Some old people do not like leaving their homes to stay in strange places and they do not like a sudden change. They like their homes best. True or false. (1)Doctors say that holidays are necessary. (2)We must not leave our homes for holiday. (3)Only adults can rest a lot from hard work. (4)All the old people don't like to stay in strange places for holidays. (5)The underlined word "return" means get back or come back. 30.(5分)This is a talk by a London taxi driver. I've been a taxi driver for nearly ten years. Most London taxi drivers have their own taxis. It's a nice job most of the time. You can meet a lot of people. I always worked at night, because there was too much traffic during the day. I lived twenty miles away from London and I went to work at 5:30in the afternoon. I usually went home between 2and 3in the morning. Some very strange things happened late at night. One day I took a woman home from a party. She had her little dog with her. When we got to her house, she found that she had lost her key. So I waited in the car with the dog while she climbed in through the window. I waited and waited. After half an hour of ringing the bell I decided to find out what was going on. I tied the dog to a tree and started to climb in through the window. The next thing I knew was that the policeman came. He thought I was a thief. Luckily the woman came downstairs. She must have gone to sleep and forgotten about me and the dog! Choose the right answer. (1)The driver always worked at night because it was easier to . A. drive B. make money C. climb in through the window D. meet a lot of people (2)The woman climbed in through the window because . A. she wanted to have a sleep B. her husband didn't open the door for her C. she didn't want to pay the driver D. she couldn't find her key (3)The story happened . A. early in the morning B. late at night C. 20miles away from London D. near the police station (4)Which of the following is FALSE? A. The driver worked until between 2and 3in the morning. B. The policeman thought the driver was a thief. C. The woman had no money to pay the driver. D. The woman had forgotten about the driver and the dog. (5)The driver climbed in through the window to . A. get money from the woman B. return the dog to the woman C. see what was happening in the house D. phone the police 31.(5分)Chess must be one of the oldest games in the world. It was probably invented in India. And it has been played everywhere since 1400. The name "chess" is interesting. When one player is attacking(攻击) the other's king, he says, in English, "check". When the king has been caught and cannot move anywhere, he says "check mate". These words come from Persian (波斯语). It means "the king is dead". That is the game is over, and one player has won. Such an old game changes very slowly. The rules were not always been the same as they are now. Chess takes time to think, but it is a game for all kinds of people. You don't have to be the winner, just enjoy it. Some people are able to play with many people at the same time. Answer the questions. (1)Where was chess probably invented? (2)When has chess been played everywhere? (3)What does the player say when his king has been caught and cannot move anywhere? (4)Can some people play with many people at the same time? (5)What do you think of chess? 32.(5分)Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage. Once there was a father and a son. They were both ill﹣tempered (坏脾气的) and never gave way (让步) to(1) . One day the father decided to invite some friends to have dinner in his house. He told his son(2) some meat in the town. When the son walked to the town gate, a man was coming from the opposite direction. The gate wasn't(3) enough to let two men in and out at the same time. But neither of them gave way to the other. They stood face to face inside the gate hour after hour. The father was(4) at home. "What shall I do? My son hasn't come yet. I can't wait any more." He wanted to know what was the matter with his son. So he left his friends at home, and went to the town to(5) his son. "You may first take the meat home for my friends. Let me stand here against him instead of you," He said to his son when he knew what had happened. (1)A. others B. another C. other D. one (2)A. to buy B. buy C. buying D. bought (3)A. small B. wide C. high D. tall (4)A. happy B. sad C. hungry D. worried (5)A. look at B. look up C. look for D. look out 33.(10分)Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. An old lady went to the shop last Sunday. She passed a bank and saw a car near the door. A man got out of it and went i (1) the bank. She looked at the car. The keys were in the lock. The old lady took the keys. S(2) she saw the man take a gun out of the pocket and said to the clerk, "Give me all the m (3) ." The old lady went to the man and said, "Young man, you are foolish. Your k (4) are here. The man looked at the old lady for a few seconds. Then he looked at the clerk. He took the keys, and ran out of the bank w (5) any money. 四、II. Writing. (10分) 34.(10分)Write at least 60words about the topic "Electricity". Suggestions: What do you know about electricity? Why is electricity so important? How can we save electricity in our life? Electricity ____________ 牛津上海版七年级下册《Unit 11 Electricity》2019年单元测试卷(1) 参考答案与试题解析 一、Vocabulary and Grammar (共35分)I. Choose the best answer. (20分) 1.【解答】此题根据语境:苏珊上周花了200元买了一个熨斗.iron是以元音音素开头的单词,故用an. 故选:B. 2.【解答】in在哪一年,哪一月,哪一季节,on在某一天,或某一天的上午,下午,晚上,at在几点;about大约.此题根据语境:一个寒冷的早晨,老人孤独地死在家里. 故选:A. 3.【解答】you你,主格,宾格,your你的,形容词性物主代词,yours你的,名词性物主代词,yourself你自己,反身代词,此题根据语境:迈克,你已经长大了,可以照顾自己了. 故选:D. 4.【解答】考查情态动词.A能.B不必.C不允许.D必须.结合语境"你__步行上学,你可以坐校车"可知,应该是"不必". 故选:B. 5.【解答】across意为"跨过;横过"指从表面穿过;through意为"穿过;通过"指从内部穿过;in在…里;on在…上.根据the tunnel 可知这里说的是穿过隧道,应该是从内部穿过. 故选:C. 6.【解答】some一些,用于肯定句中;any一些,用于否定句,疑问句中;all所有的三者或三者以上,none没有一个,没有人.此题根据语境:我们买不到任何东西,因为当时没有一家商店开门. 故选:D. 7.【解答】be different from 与..不同,此题根据语境:北京与我的家乡不同,因为那里有许多高楼. 故选:A. 8.【解答】over意为"在…之上"是垂直且不接触;above意为"在…之上"这里不是垂直之上;through意为"穿过;通过"指从内部穿过;under在…下面.根据We can fly ______ Nanpu Bridge ,可知这里指的是从桥上飞过,这里应该用over"在…之上". 故选:A. 9.【解答】Neither do I"我也不";So do I"我也一样";Neither have I"我也没有";So have I"我也有",四者都是倒装句.由题干"﹣﹣﹣弗莱德从未去过佘山.﹣﹣﹣我也没有."可知,空格也表示否定,前句用现在完成时,用助动词have ,因此回答时用助动词have,所以空格用Neither have I,因此答案应是Neither have I. 故选:C. 10.【解答】from "来自、从";with "用、拥有",as"如同、当作"; of "…的、由…组成的",四者都是介词.因be made of "由…组成",发生的是物理变化,能够看出原材料的,是动词短语.由题干"这家具是木头做的,所以你必须小心防火."可知,空格用of ,因此答案应是of. 故选:D. 11.【解答】make sb do sth 让某人干某事,此题根据语境:暖气让我们在冬天更舒服. 故选:D. 12.【解答】考查动词.A驾驶、驱动.B做.C修理.D叫.结合语境"蒸汽可以__一台大机器"可知,应该是"驱动". 故选:A. 13.【解答】have "吃、喝"可作动词,是个万能词,有不同的意思,它的第三人称的单数形式是has,它的过去式或过去分词是 had ,它的现在分词或动名词是having.因see sb doing sth"看到某人正做某事",由题干"我刚才看到一群学生在草地上正野餐."可知,空格是"吃",用现在分词having,因此答案应是having. 故选:B. 14.【解答】考查感叹句.感叹句可以用what a/an+形容词+名词+主语+谓语!或how+形容词+主语+谓语!.这里主语you.谓语have collected.名词information不可数名词,不用a/an,直接用what.形容词是important. 故选:C. 15.【解答】if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时态,从句用一般现在时态,此题根据语境:如果下周不下雨,我们就去郊游. 故选:A. 16.【解答】此题根据语境:不要打开电视,奶奶现在正在她的房间里睡觉,现在进行时态,结构be+动词ing. 故选:A. 17.【解答】A谢谢你,B对,C你太棒了,D好主意;根据前句"这个星期天在公园里放风筝怎么样"可知,要用"好主意"回答,其它选项语意不通. 故选:D. 18.【解答】考查情景对话.A他怎么了?B那很棒.C听到这个我很难过.D不用客气.结合语境"﹣﹣鲍勃昨天手臂受伤了.﹣﹣真的吗?___"可知,听到不好的消息通常说"听到这个我很难过." 故选:C. 二、II. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms. (5分) 19.【解答】考查形容词.结合语境"我们家里有很多__器"可知,修饰名词appliances器具、器械,用electricity的形容词electrical电的. 故答案是:electrical. 20.【解答】考查形容词.句意"我们每年都有春游,使我们的学校生活更愉快".make sb+形容词"使某人…".enjoy的形容词是enjoyable愉快的.比较级是more enjoyable更愉快的. 故答案是:enjoyable. 21.【解答】考查副词.句意"众所周知,计算机可以帮助我们更有效地工作".修饰动词work工作,用efficient的副词efficiently有效地. 故答案是:efficiently. 22.【解答】考查形容词.结合语境"打雷的时候孩子是非常__"可知,was系动词,系表结构,very应该修饰形容词,frighten动词,使惊恐、害怕.形容人用ed形容词frightened害怕的. 故答案是:frightened. 23.【解答】考查单词填空.根据所给单词提示及其题干,可知应说他们正在谈论保护自然的重要性.the后用名词importance. 故答案为importance. 三、III. Rewrite the following sentences as required. (10分) 24.【解答】考查一般疑问句,原句是现在完成时态,变一般疑问句助动词have提前.already否定句要改为yet,位于句尾. 故答案是: Have, yet. 25.【解答】考查划线部分提问.根据about 6,000 yuan大约6000元,可知,对价钱提问用疑问词组how much多少钱. 故答案是:How much. 26.【解答】考查同义句.use sth to do sth=use sth for doing sth使用某物做某事.drive的动名词是driving驱动、驾驶. 故答案是:for driving. 27.【解答】考查划线部分提问.根据about two months大约两个月,可知,对一段时间提问用疑问词组how long多长时间. 故答案是:How long. 28.【解答】考查同义句."比利知道我的好习惯.他也知道我的坏习惯"可以表达为"比利知道我的好习惯还有坏习惯".用as well也、还有.位于句尾. 故答案是:as well. 四、Reading and Writing (共40分)I. Reading comprehension. (30分) 29.【解答】细节判断题. 1.T 根据Doctors tell us that holidays are necessary.医生告诉我们假期是必要的.可知医生说假期是必要的.故答案为T. 2.F 根据They say we should leave our homes and go to another part of the country.他们说我们应该离开家去国家的另一个地方.可知我们不能离开家去度假是错误的.故答案为F. 3.F 根据It seems to be true for most adults and young children but not for the old. Some old people do not like leaving their homes to stay in strange places and they do not like a sudden change. They like their homes best.这似乎对大多数成年人和幼儿都是正确的,但对老年人却不是.有些老年人不喜欢离开家呆在陌生的地方,也不喜欢突然的变化.他们最喜欢自己的家.可知只有成年人才能从繁重的工作中得到充分的休息是错误的.故答案为F. 4.F 根据Some old people do not like leaving their homes to stay in strange places and they do not like a sudden change. They like their homes best.有些老年人不喜欢离开家呆在陌生的地方,也不喜欢突然的变化.他们最喜欢自己的家.可知所有的老人都不喜欢在陌生的地方度假是错误的.故答案为F. 5.T 根据They say we should leave our homes and go to another part of the country. We should go for a holiday.他们说我们应该离开家去国家的另一个地方.我们应该去度假.可知后句的意思应是然后,放假后,我们回家,我们会精神焕发,准备工作.所以带下划线的单词"return"的意思是"回来".故答案为T. 30.【解答】1. A.推理判断题.根据"I always worked at night, because there was too much traffic during the day."可知,我总是在晚上工作.因为白天交通太拥挤了.故选A. 2. D.细节理解题.根据"When we got to her house, she found that she had lost her key. So I waited in the car with the dog while she climbed in through the window."可知,她发现钥匙丢了.所以我和狗在车里等着,她从窗户爬进去.故选D. 3. B.细节理解题.根据"Some very strange things happened late at night. One day I took a woman home from a party."可知,晚上发生了一些很奇怪的事情.有一天,我从一个聚会上带一个女人回家.可以判断这个故事发生在晚上.故选B. 4. C.细节理解题.通读全文,根据" I usually went home between 2and 3in the morning.The next thing I knew was that the policeman came. He thought I was a thief. She must have gone to sleep and forgotten about me and the dog!"可知,我通常在凌晨2点到3点之间回家;然后我就知道警察来了,他以为我是小偷;她一定是睡着了,忘记了我和狗.选项ABD都是对的,选项C是错误的.故选C. 5. C.细节理解题.根据" After half an hour of ringing the bell I decided to find out what was going on."可知,按了半个小时的铃后,我决定弄清楚到底是怎么回事.故选C. 31.【解答】1. In India.细节理解题,根据It was probably invented in India可知象棋可能是在印度发明的,故答案为: In India. 2. Since 1400.细节理解题,根据And it has been played everywhere since 1400可知从1400年起,它就在世界各地流行了,故答案为:Since 1400. 3. He says "check mate".细节理解题,根据When the king has been caught and cannot move anywhere, he says "check mate". 可知当国王被吃掉,不能移动时,他说"check mate",故答案为:He says "check mate". 4. Yes, they can.细节理解题,根据Some people are able to play with many people at the same time.可知有些人可以同时和许多人玩,故答案为:Yes, they can. 5. It's interesting / difficult to play(Any reasonable answer is OK.)细节理解题,根据题干意思:你觉得国际象棋怎么样?本题答案不唯一,合理即可.故答案为:It's interesting / difficult to play. 32.【解答】小题1:A.词义辨析.A.其它人;B.多个中的另一个;C.其它的;D.一个.联系上文They were both ill﹣tempered (坏脾气的) and never gave way ,可知他们从不对其他人退让.故选A. 小题2:A.考查动词.结合tell sb to do sth让某人做某事,故答案是A. 小题3:B.考查形容词.A.小的,B,宽的,广阔的,C.高的,D高的,结合enough to let two men in and out at the same time可知门不够宽敞,故选B. 小题4:D.考查形容词.A.开心的,B,伤心的,C饥饿的,D担忧的,结合What shall I do? My son hasn't come yet. I can't wait any more可知父亲很担忧,故选D. 小题5:C.考查短语.A.看,B查找,C寻找,D往外看,结合So he left his friends at home, and went to the town to(5)his son.可知他是去找他的儿子,故选C. 33.【解答】1. into.考查介词.根据下文以及给出的首字母提示,可知这句话的意思是"一个人下了车,进入了银行."故填into. 2. Suddenly考查副词.根据下文以及结合给出的首字母提示,可知这句话的意思是"突然她看见这个人拿出了一把枪."故填Suddenly. 3. money考查名词.根据上下文以及给出的首字母提示,可可知这句话的意思是"把所有的钱给我."故填money. 4. keys.考查名词.根据上文以及给出的首字母提示,可知这句话的意思是"你的钥匙在这里."故填keys. 5. without.考查介词.根据上文以及给出的首字母提示,可知这句话的意思是"他拿了钥匙,没有抢钱,跑出了银行." 四、II. Writing. (10分) 34.【解答】Electricity Electricity is a kind of power we use a lot in our daily life. It is very important and useful. 【要点一,对电有什么了解】All the electrical appliances in our homes need electricity. It is hard to imagine what life would be like without electricity. So we mustn't waste electricity. 【要点二,为什么电如此重要】 When we leave the house and classroom, we must turn off the lights【高分句型一】. We should use air conditioners less. In a word, electricity can make our lives colourful【高分句型二】, so we must save it. 【要点三,我们怎样才能在生活中节电】

  • ID:4-5550018 上海市2019届初三英语一模首字母填空专题汇编(含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/九年级上(新版)/期末专区

    上海市2019届初三英语一模首字母填空专题汇编 宝山 C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words( 在短文的空格中填入适当的 词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给) Watch young children in a school class. You will often notice that there are three or four—especially boys who cannot sits s_____81____. They have trouble paying attention to the teacher for longer than a few minutes, and they seem to forget things the teachers tells them. What is the manner with them? Many doctors think they need medicine, so they give the children a drug c_____82____ Ritalin(利他林). It is supposed to help them settle down and pay better attention. It works, but it is also dangerous. Ritalin has some bad side effects, and it can even kill children who take too much. Because of the serious side effects of Ritalin, many people think it is not good for children. Ritalin seems to affect both a child’s mind and body. The drug does help children calm down and focus, but some scientists claim( 声称) that Ritalin decreases the flow of blood to the b____83_____. This effects a child’s thinking and memory and makes it more difficult to learn. Scientists also think that the drug might l_____84____ a child’s ability to grow and an cause trouble sleeping. Another problem is that children can take too much of the drug. Some children like the way the drug makes t_____85____ feel, so they take more than they should. They know this is wrong, but they cannot stop, much the same as people who cannot stop smoking. A third problem is that doctors do not know if the drug is really safe or not. Doctors do not know what happens to children who take this drug for a long time. They do not know if these children show side effects after they grow up. Ritalin might help when children are young but are there bad effects l____86_____ in life? Because nobody knows for sure, some scientists say that Ritalin should not be used. Today, some doctors and teachers say that there are better ways than drugs to help children with attention problems. One good idea is to give children better food and make sure they get more rest. Another way to help children with attention problems is to find teachers who have special training with a_____87____ children. Such teachers know how to help these children learn. Another idea is for parents and teachers to simply be patient. Most children’s attention will improve naturally as they get older. Parents and teachers just have to give these children time to develop. 崇明 C. Read the passage and fill In the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容 通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分) In the age of digital printing(数字印刷), almost all newspaper articles are typed with computers. But The Musalman, the oldest Urdu-language daily newspaper in India, is still being published as the world’s (81)1___ hand- wtitten newspaper. The newspaper has four pages. The front page is for national and international news. The second and the third pages are for local news. The fourth page is for sports news. Some (82)s___ is left blank at the bottom right corner of the front page, in case there is breaking news. Every day, it takes three calligraphers(书法家)three hours to write a page before the paper is printed and sent to its 21, 000 readers. These calligraphers must be very (83)c___ not to make any writing mistakes, because even a small mistake can lead to a whole page being rewritten. The newspaper makes so (84) l___ money that costs are hardly covered. But for Syed Arifullah, who took over the newspaper from his father, it is his duty to keep the paper alive as a way to protect the Urdu language and especially its calligraphy. He says that calligraphy is the heart of The Musalman, and if someone removes the heart of the paper, there will be (85)n___ left. People working for the newspaper also feel very (86)p___ to be part of it. They are really devoted to(致力于) their work and believe that their work helps preserve a dying art. First published in 1927, the newspaper is (87)l___ to exist for another 90 years. Lets wait and see. 奉贤 C. Fill in the blanks with the proper words.(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。 每空格限填一词,首字母已给。) In the city I live in, some seats on every bus come in orange color, different from the rest which are blue. Those seats are intended for(预留) a certain group of people—the old and some who need special care, such as the disabled or those with small babies. So you can often see young people choose to take others seats instead of the orange ones if possible. One day, my friend Lisa boarded a bus and found the only untaken seat was an orange one. She h______81__ for a moment and slowly walked to it and sat down. As the bus went on, passengers accumulated(聚集) from stop to stop and the bus became really c____82____. At that time, someone near the door asked loudly if there was anybody who would like to o____83____ a seat to the old man who had just got on the bus. On hearing it, Lisa looked around to see where the old man was. She was even about to get up but found it difficult to do so. Thinking that someone near the old man would do him a favor, she remained seated. Actually, she had another reason to do so. To her s____84____, she soon became the target of criticism(批评的目标) from some people standing beside her. “Shameless,” a voice said. “Morality decays(道德败坏),” another voice added. Lisa kept silent as the short conversation went. She wanted to say something but held the words back. She understood as the only young person taking the orange seat on this bus , she “should” feel ashamed. Lisa turned her face to the window to hide her embarrassment. If you were a passage on that but, would you stand out a ___85_____ her and blame(责怪) her for not giving up her seat? If I hadn’t known the story of Lisa’s side, I would. However, the truth is : Lisa had just a small o____86____ and was in recovery (恢复). Her doctor had told her to sit instead of s____87____ as much as possible. The long bus trip would give her trouble if she stood all the way. 虹口 C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words。 Many people think of bully(欺凌)as one child pushing or hitting another. However, bullying is not only p___81___. Words also hurt people badly. When I was in junior high school, the girls in my class would laugh at me or ask questions designed to embarrass me. Their words really hurt me so much that it was difficult for me to f___82___ my attention on study. Be kind You may not think of yourself as a bully, but do you always play jokes on others? If the other person isn’t laughing. Your words or actions may hurt more than you think. When some people are bullied, they will make r___83___ by hurting others. No matter what your experiences are, being kind will make you truly powerful. Speak up When you notice one person bullying another, you are supposed to warn them to stop i___84___ and firmly(坚 定地). Your hesitation will make the problem worse, if they don’t stop, walk away and tell an adult about the bullying. Stand tall If you are bullied, don’t try to face it alone, but ask a parent or other trusted adult for help. Similarly, in places where bullying happens, stay close to a friend b___85___ bullies often aim at people who are isolated(孤立的). When you re being bullied, walk away calmly. Leaving will keep you safe, and if you don’t seem frightened or upset, the bully may feel bored and l___86___ interest in you. Finally, remember that what is happening is not your m___87___. Bullies are responsible for their actions and words. Make sure your life will not be affected by their words and action. And when you meet others who are weaker than you, remember that they are valuable, too.(296 words) 黄浦 C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words。 It does not always come easy to discover oneself. From a young age, I had a strong sense of who I was to become, but an accident made me redefine(重审)my self. To me, cycling was above all. There was n___81___ in this world that filled my heart with such joy. I spent twenty-four hours a week practicing my s___82___. Having no social life or interests but cycling, my great love brought me first place medals in nearly every competition. Unfortunately, in one show, I fell down and hurt myself b___83___. After several X-rays and MRI(磁共振) scans, the doctor told me that I couldn’t return to my sport any more. The pain in my back was hard to bear and even the b___84___ daily tasks became difficult. As my passion(激情)was taken away, I had little sense of who I was to become. After eight months of suffering, something had to c___85___. Instead of wasting my days sitting around painfully, I began to put my energy into local community service projects. By volunteering as a swimming teacher and summer reading assistant for kids, I got an idea of who I wanted to become. After a few months, I spent most of the time on my interest in the arts. Little by Little, I stepped out of the shadow(阴影)and r___86___ my confidence. Sometimes, some large rocks block our way. We can choose to stay behind or try to climb over. My accident was a rock, but it f___87___ to stop me from reaching success. Today I’m a very confident and optimistic person. 嘉定 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words. Waste sorting is a simple process that requires neither a lot of time, nor any special resources. When you throw away trash(废物), do you know which bin it should go in? Have you ever n__81__ the differently- colored trash bins on the street or in your neighborhood? Some of you might not be able to answer this question easily. In fact, it is very important. Not knowing how to sort waste can make it even h__82__ to save energy and protect the environment. If you don’t sort your trash, all of it will go to a landfill(垃圾填埋场) and be m__83__ together. These landfills can take up large areas of ground that could have been used for planting trees or crops. The electronic waste can pollute the soil and groundwater(地下水). Other pieces of garbage, like the metal part of a pen, can be used to make other things if they are p__84__ recycled. With this in mind, many governments in China have been running waste-sorting activities in recent years. For example, Shanghai announced in July that within three years, all of its residents should sort their waste into f__85__ groups: wet, recyclable, harmful and dry. Many other c__86__, including Shenzhen and Qingdao, plan to use this method to sort their waste. Now that you know this, perhaps you can do your part to protect the environment and encourage others to sort their trash. Waste sorting is also a major problem around the world. Different countries are using different methods to sort their trash. Japan is l__87__ the world in waste sorting. It is a very important part of Japanese life and Japanese people will expect foreigners to follow their belief. 金山 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words.(14 分) Sam had always wanted to visit the International Space Station. He was really interested in the experiments that were happening there. He had read about growing food using water only. He thought that this was important as it was a way to provide food w__81__ using land. Some of the techniques used in the Space Station had already been included in architectural plans for some super skyscrapers. So when Space Dreams, a space travel company, held a competition, Sam decided to enter. The p__82__ was a trip to the Space Station itself! The competition involved writing a description about how you would feel about traveling into space. Sam sat down and wrote how he thought it would feel. Buzz Aldrin, the astronaut was the judge. There were 1,209,678 entries(参加的人), so Sam thought that there was n__83__ way he would be a winner. The day when the competition winner was announced, Sam was expecting a phone call. When the phone rang, he answered, “Hi.” A voice replied, “Hello, can I speak to Sam? This is Jack Mellow of Space Dreams.” Jack told Sam he was the winner. Buzz had said that Sam’s writing d__84__ exactly how he had felt on his first space trip. Sam could not believe it. Jack had already arranged with Sam’s school for him to take a few days off. He had to go to t__85__ before he could fly. Sam learnt how to put on a space suit. Then he was put onto a machine and turned around. This was to help him get used to travelling at very fast speeds. He also learned how to move without gravity(重力) to k__86__ him on the ground. That was fun. He could do summersaults and fly through the air well, walk through the air in reality. The day came for take-off. Sam felt really f__87__ because he knew nothing about what would happen after taking off. He was with two other people and an instructor. He had to climb into a tiny capsule in the nose of a rocket. Then the rocket went quickly into space. Sam’s dream came true. 静安 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words. It’s a school day morning. You are dressing yourself in the bedroom. At the same time, you are thinking about taking your schoolbag from the living room. But when you walk through your bedroom door and into the living room, you suddenly forget w__81__ you are there and just don’t know what to do. Most people would think they have a poor m__82__. But scientists believe that the act of walking through doorways makes them forget things. They call it the “doorway effect”. The scientists from the University of Notre Dame in the US did an e__83__. They placed several objects into two rooms. The students had to put an object from Room A into a shoebox and then carried it to Room B through a doorway. In Room B, they exchanged it for another object and brought it back to Room A in the shoebox. Then the students were asked to do the same things w__84__ crossing through a doorway. During the period of time, the scientists would randomly(随机地) ask the students which object was in their shoebox at the moment. The scientists found their answers were slower and less c__85__ when they walked through a doorway and into a new room. “A doorway is just like a boundary(分界线) in the mind,” the lead scientist Gabriel Radavansky told Scientific American. Setting “boundaries” in our minds can cause us to forget things c__86__. For example, when you walk into the living room, your brain thinks the act of getting your schoolbag is already “done” and it moves on. Is there a way to s__87__ the “doorway effect”? Writing down what you need before going into another room might be helpful. 闵行 C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. Have you ever been in an animal rescue? It can be very heartbreaking, but sometimes, with l__81__ and skill, a tragic story can turn into an inspiring one. This is what happened to Winter, the dolphin. Winter was found off the coast of Florida in December of 2005. She was just a few months old, a__82__, and caught in a crab trap. The ropes from the trap were wrapped tightly around her body. The fisherman who found her called for help. And a rescue team soon arrived. But the s__83__ was really tough. The ropes had cut off the blood circulation to her tail. She was badly hurt. People didn’t think she would survive. Most dolphins who become trapped in ropes die. Hoping for a miracle and racing against time to save her, the rescuers transferred her to the Clearwater Marine Aquarium in Florida. After much hard work, the doctors m__84__ to save Winter, but sadly, not her tail. Her tail were too damaged and had to be removed so Winter could live. The little dolphin Winter didn’t die, but she would never be able to swim normally w__85__ a tail. Thankfully, the story doesn’t end here. Winter was able to swim, but not very well. Because he didn’t have a tail, she moved to her body in a side-to-side motion like a shark. But the doctors at the aquarium were w__86__ that the strange movement would hurt her back bones. Kevin Carroll heard Winter’s story, and thought he could help. He is an expert who is good at treating disabled people. If he could help people, why not help a dolphin? He started working with Winter and came up with a solution. Now Winter can swim like other dolphins. Winter’s story also e__87__ the disabled. We all have the right to live and to live well. 浦东 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。每空 格限填一词,首字母已给)(14 分) There was once a jeweler, famous for many virtues(美德). One day, some Arabs came to him for some diamonds to decorate an important thing for a yearly celebration. The Arabs told him what they wanted, and offered him a f____81____ price for the diamonds. He replied that he could not let them see the jewels at that moment, and required them to call again. As they wanted the diamonds without any delay, and thought that the p____82____ of the jeweler was only to increase the price of the diamonds, the Arabs offered him twice, then three times as much as they were worth. But he still refused, and they were quite d____83____ and went away. Some hours later, he went to the Arabs and l____84____ before them the diamonds, for which they again offered him the last price they had named, but he said, “ I will only accept the first price you offered to me this morning.” “Why, then, did you disagree with us at once?” asked they in surprise. “When you came,” replied he, “my father had the key to the s____85____, in which the diamonds were locked, and as he was asleep, I would have to w____86____ him to gain them.” “At his age, a short of sleep u____87____does him good; and no business is more important than my father’s single comfort.” The Arabs were affected by his words. They spread their hand upon the jeweler’s head and showed their satisfying smiles. 普陀 C. Fill in the blanks with proper words.(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词, 首字母已给)(14 分) My Big Day There were about 15 kids there for audition(试镜) when we arrived. I had been u__81__ about being late on this Big Day but the bus, which moved slowly all the way, woke up and almost galloped for the last half mile. Dad and I jumped off and ran to 171 High Street. I had e__82__ a shiny building but what I saw was a broken ancient door. And the room into which we all crowded was dark and didn’t have enough chairs. A boy was p__83__ his audition piece loudly, unaware of everyone else in the room. Most of the kids were in jeans, but a few dressed seriously cool as if they spent every day on film sets and lunching with s__84__. I felt a bit embarrassed about my dressing. A girl called us away, one by one, to be auditioned. I breathed deeply and slowly as I had learned to do – ever since my first part in the school play, when I was extremely nervous and n__85__ forgot everything I had memorized. I repeated my speech to myself with all the pauses and emphasizes in the right places. I knew I was good. I really wanted this part, I wanted to pay Dad back for all the work he’d done for me. I wanted to make him proud of me. And I know I could do it. Suddenly, there it was my n__86__! I followed the girl down a corridor into a large room with three men and a woman sitting. “How tall are you?” he asked. “I’m 1.6 metres,” I said, trembling slightly. The man looked at the woman and I saw him s__87__ his head. The woman turned to me and said, “I’m so sorry. That’s just a bit too tall for this part. They should have told you” 青浦 C. Read the passage and fill the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的单 词, 使内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给)(14 分) Stephen Hawking: A free soul in the Wheelchair Stephen Hawking died in his home in Cambridge, England, on March 14, 2018, at the age of 76. His family stated that he “died peacefully”. Here are some facts about him. E_____81____ Life We often like the things our parents like and we grow up to do the things our parents do. So it was with Stephen Hawking. His parents like science and learning. They both graduated from Oxford College. Family dinner was a silent affair because everyone was reading a book. Stephen enjoyed math and science in school where he earned the nickname “Einstein”. He wanted to study math at university but Oxford didn’t have a math degree at the time, so he chose physics and chemistry i _____82____ . Overcoming ALS After graduation, Hawking went to Cambridge to study for his PhD. Then he began to have a h _____83____ problem. The doctor discovered that he had a disease called ALS(肌萎缩侧索硬 化 症). With the help of science and modern medicine, Hawking lived a f _____85____ and meaningful life. Although he had to live on a wheelchair and couldn’t talk, he could communicate using a touch pad computer and a voice synthesizer(合成器). S____86_____ Hawking spent much of his work researching black holes and space-time theories. He wrote many important papers about them and became a famous expert. Stephen also enjoyed writing books. In 1988 he published A Brief History of Time. This book c____87_____ modern subjects such as the big bang(大爆炸) and black holes in terms that could be understood. The book became very popular selling millions of copies. 松江 徐汇 It was early one hot morning in 2015 when I was gently wheeled across our quiet street in my wheelchair to the taxi stand with my mother. Three weeks earlier, I had hurt my left leg at home. Now I f____81_____ had an appointment(预约) for an operation to repair the bad break in hospital. I was feeling n_____82____ as I’d never had surgery(外科手术) before and the thought of it worried me. After waiting for a taxi for more than 90 minutes, we were still standing across the street from our house, trying to ask for a ride. It usually only takes a few minutes, but on this Sunday taxis would pass by us either already filled with p____83_____ or unwilling to take us. Perhaps it was because of my wheelchair. My mother was starting to get upset as we were fast running out of t_____84____. Our appointment was 10:45 am and it would take up to 40 minutes to get to the hospital. Then a black SUV pulled over and stopped in front of us. The driver, taking a look at us, said, “You two look like you could use a lift!” He told us he’d seen us e_____85____ as he was taking his son to a weekend school activity. He was now r_____86____ home and saw that we were still there. With no questions asked this good man welcome us aboard. We arrived at 10:30 ---just in time for my appointment. He r_____87____ my money, saying people should help one another. He left with a smile. To this day we have not crossed paths again with this friendly driver who went out of his way, but his help is kept in our minds. I am very grateful to this kind stranger who has taught me to keep watch for and help others in need. 杨浦 A healthy mind The brain is the most fascinating part of our body. Even though there has been all medical research, n__81__ really understands everything about it. Like the rest of our body, our brain needs to be cared for. The ways that we keep our mind healthy can be quite s__82__. Getting a good night’s sleep, eating a balanced diet and taking deep breaths are all important methods of looking after both your body and your brain. Many people think their brain will slow down with age and their memory will get worse as a result. The t__83__ is, just like your body, you can also improve your mind. I’ve found I can improve my memory by i__84__ what I need to remember. For example, if I’m going shopping and I need bread, milk and a birthday card for my brother, I form pictures of a loaf of bread, a carton of milk with a cow on the front and a birthday card with a football on it. The same kind of method can be used with important dates. If you have a picture in your mind of a particular event, it’s much e__85__ to remember than just a number on a calendar. Another way of improving your mind is to make sure you r__86__ visit new places and have new experiences. Traveling more often has much more long-term benefits than you would have ever expected. Personally I find learning English is a great way to keep the brain working, but communication with others in any language is important. Having a c__87__ is much better for your brain than staring at a computer screen or at other people talking on TV. 长宁 My first mistake was that I had left the garage door open. It couldn’t be closed for months. I had no chance to repair it as I had an extremely high workload(工作负担). As I often travel for work, I am r_____81____ home long enough to allow repairmen to come and work. After travelling all week, I was tired and happy to be home. I didn’t think anything of the door which from the garage to the house being open. As soon as I entered the kitchen, I knew something was w____82_____ Smashed ceramics(粉碎的陶瓷) were lying across the floor and my set of Japanese kitchen knives were gone. As I looked over the messy place, I found the upstairs bathroom door close. I knew I couldn’t hesitate. I r____83_____ back to the garage and grabbed the nearest heavy object, a hammer. As I crept back into the kitchen, I heard footsteps coming down the stairs. I raised the hammer above my head. As soon as the robber, who was wearing a motorcycle helmet(头盔), stepped down from the last step, I didn’t give him the chance to a______84___ me. I swung the hammer as hard as I could into his helmet. He fell to the ground yelping aloud and dropping the sports bag which he had been filling with the valuable from my house. After a moment, he jumped up and ran past me towards the garage door. After he had left, I was still very shaken with f_____85____ as someone had broken into my house. After passing through the rooms of the house three times, I felt s_____86____ that nobody else was there. At that point I laid the hammer down in the kitchen and called the police. When the police heard I had stayed at the house and struck the robber with a hammer, they told me that I shouldn’t play a role as a h_____87____ if I thought someone had broken into my house. Instead, I should exit the house and call the police from a safe place. 答案 宝山 81-87、still,called,brain,limit,themselves,later/left,active 崇明 81. last 82. space 83. careful 84. little 85. nothing 86. proud 87. likely 奉贤 虹口 81. physical 82. focus 83. response/revenge 84. immediately 85. because 86. lose 87. Mistake 黄浦 81-87 nothing, skill(s), badly, basic, change, rebuilt, failed 嘉定 金山 81. without, 82. prize, 83. no , 84. described, 85. training, 86. keep, 87.frightened 静安 81. why 82. memory 83. experiment 84. when 85. correct 86. easily 87. Solve 闵行 81. love 82. alone/ alive 83. situation 84. managed 85. without 86. worried 87. Encourages 浦东 普陀 青浦 81. Early 82. instead 83. health 84. waste 85. full 86. Success 87. Created 松江 徐汇 杨浦 长宁

  • ID:4-5550014 上海市2019届初三英语一模完形填空专题汇编(含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/九年级上(新版)/期末专区

    上海市2019届初三英语一模阅读B篇完形填空专题汇编 宝山 B. Choose the words or expressions to complete the passage.(12 分) Stan Lee, who helped create Spiderman, the X-Men, Iron Man, the Incredible Hulk(绿巨人), Black Panther(黑豹), and many other comic book heroes, has died. He was 95. Stanley Martin Lieber was born in 1922. When he was just 17, he got a job at a company that made comic books. As a writer, he started using the name “Stan Lee” (which sounded like his first name, Stanley). He wrote his first Captain America story in 1941. It turned out to be popular. Before he turned 19, he was __75__ all writing for the company, which became Marvel Comics(漫威漫画公司) in the 1960s. At the time, most superheroes were shown as being almost perfect. They were strong and smart and always knew the right thing to do. However, after working with some artists, Mr. Lee came up with some new ideas. He made it okay for comic book heroes to have __76__. The Fantastic Four(神 奇四侠) argued among themselves. The Incredible Hulk was a really nice guy until he got angry. Spider-Man was never sure he was doing the right thing, but he always seemed to have something funny to say to the bad guys. Besides, he also had the clever idea of having his comic book heroes __77__ in each other’s stories. For example. Spider-Man might show up in an Iron Man story. This made readers feel like there was a __78__ world of Marvel superheroes. Readers loved it. Many people say that Mr. Lee’s characters and stories helped make comic books popular again. In 1980, Mr. Lee moved to California. He wanted to try and get his superheroes onto TV and into the movies. He didn’t have too much luck at first, __79__ the Incredible Hulk and X-Men became popular TV shows. But after the success of the X-Men and Spider-Man movies in the early 2000s, movies with Marvel heroes began to come out often. Marvel movies have now earned over $24 billion. Mr. Lee has __80__ a small role in most of these movies, usually showing up on screen for just a few seconds. Mr. Lee is no longer with us, but the heroes he created live on. 崇明 B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage(选择最恰当的单词或词语完成短 文)(12 分) In northern Europe, there is a small town where many buildings have an international border(边界) running through them. This unusual town is named Baarle. Half of the town belongs to Belgium(比利时) and the other half belongs to the Netherlands (荷兰). This border is 75 white crosses on the pavement with “B” on one side and “NL” on the other. Local residents have more choices in their lives because of the special 76 of the town. For example, they can go shopping any day of the week. Shops in Belgium are closed on Sundays while those in the Netherlands are not. Therefore, when the Belgian shops have to close on Sunday, people can 77 buy anything they need in the Dutch (荷兰的) shops. Some shop owners, whose shops are divided by the border, take advantage of it by installing a front door on the Dutch side, so that they can do business seven days a week. However, there are 78 , too. For example, the Belgian Baarle and the Dutch Baarle have to seek permission from each other to build a road if the road runs right on the border. Besides, a house may have 79 street numbers if it sits on the border, which is confusing sometimes. Baarle certainly attracts tourists. People think it is funny when they and their friends are in the same restaurant, but eating in 80 countries. Next time you travel to northern Europe, don’t forget to visit this town. 虹口 B. Choose the best words and complete the passage. Narcissus was a famous character in Greek myth. Once upon a time, there was a boy called Narcissus. He was the son of a god and his beauty won the hearts of millions of women. They fell in love with him, but he turned them away. He was so ___75___ that he looked down upon and even laughed at girls who fell in love with him. One of the who loved Narcissus was a nymph(女神)called Echo. Echo could not speak ___76___-What she could only repeat what was said to her, so she couldn’t express her love for Narcissus. One day, when Narcissus was walking in the woods with some friends, he lost his way. He called out“Is anyone here?”Echo replied“Here, Here”right away. Echo stepped forward with open arms, wanting to hug him. But Narcissus ___77___ to accept Echo’s love. Echo was so upset that she ran away and hid in a small cave with nothing left except her ___78___. That’s why“echo”means repeated sound in English. Another goddess found out about this, and she decided to punish(惩罚)his behavior because it ___79___ cruelty and pain. She attracted Narcissus to a pool, where he saw his own reflection(倒影)in the water and fell deeply in love with the beauty of his reflection, not realizing it was himself. He tried to kiss it. However, as soon as he touched the surface of water, the reflection moved away. He stared at his beautiful reflection for such a long time that he forgot all about the need to eat and drink. ___80___, he lost his life. Where he died a flower grew, and that flower is called a narcissus today.(289 words) 奉贤 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage.(12 分) Do you know something about cats? Do we humans learn something good from them? Cats are animals of habit. They like to go to sleep about the same time every day and for a certain length of time. They seem to have a natural clock inside them that tells them when to sleep and when to __75__. Cats make up their regular sleep with occasional(间或的)cat naps. Some experts feel that humans could also benefit from this habit. Cat naps help to build up energy in the body. They are also a good way to overcome boredom. Since cats have moods __76__ those of humans, some experts believe people can __77__ their moods and attitudes by catnapping. People might become happier and more positive and they can finish their work more efficiently. A number of famous people have __78__ cats by taking cat naps during the day. The naps would usually last from 15 to 30 minutes. President Harry Truman, John Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson like taking naps. Winston Churchill took cat naps, too. When he was 66 years old, Churchill was appointed Prime Minister of England(任命英国首相)at the important time by King George VI. England’s army suffered many losses at the beginning of World War II. Churchill faced a large number of challenges. But with his full energy and his great ability, he led his people to victory. He was a tireless source of strength to his people. Churchill __79__ told one of his best friends privately that the reason why he was able to work long hours, often into the deep night, napping was his __80__. Perhaps more people could learn from cats and take naps to feel better and live longer. 黄浦 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage。 I will never forget the Sunday afternoons I spent at my grandfather’s farm in Western Pennsylvania when I was a little boy. Miles of winding stone walls around the house provided endless hours of ___75___ for a city kid like me. I can still remember one afternoon when I was eight years old. Since my first visit to the ___76___, I’d wanted to be allowed to climb the stone walls around the farm. My parents would never think it was good. Still, my wish to climb across those walls grew so ___77___. One spring afternoon, I picked up all my courage and entered the living room, where the adults were sitting and talking over tea after dinner. “Can I climb the stone walls?”I asked. Immediately the women in the room cried.“Heavens, no! You’;; ___78___ yourself!”I wasn’t too disappointed; their reply was just as I’d expected. But before I could leave the room, my grandfather stopped me.“Wait a minute.”I heard him say,“Let the boy climb the stone walls. He has to ___79___ to do things for himself.” “Hurry up,”he said to me,“and come and see me when you get back.”For the next two and a half hours I climbed those old walls and had the time of my life. Later I met with my grandfather to tell him about my adventure (冒险). I’ll never forget what he said.“Fred,” he said, smiling,“you made this day a ___80___ day just by being yourself. Always remember, there’s only one person in this whole world like you, and I like you exactly as you are.” 嘉定 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage. Ibby Piracha is one of many regular customers at his local café in a small town in Virginia, US. __75__, Ibby isn’t like the other regulars – he’s deaf. Krystal Payne, a new waitress, wanted to do something to make Ibby feel more __76__. So she spoke with other employees about Ibby, learning that they always did what they could to give him excellent service. But Payne wanted to take it a step further. She went home and spent her night learning American Sign Language so she could better __77__ with Ibby. The next day, she wrote him a small note saying: “I’ve been learning ASL, just so you can have the same service as everyone else.” Ibby, who was overcome with emotion over this small act of kindness, has kept the note at home ever since. Ibby was so moved by Payne’s behavior that he posted it on Facebook to share with his friends. His post was then reposted by many other people – a result that he did not __78__. But he is happy that Payne is getting the recognition she deserves. The next morning, Payne heard about the post when her manager praised her and mentioned that there were many requests from reporters to interview her. The company’s spokeswoman heard about her kind gesture and said the company was __79__ Payne’s actions. “My job is to make sure people have the wonderful service they expect and that’s what I gave him,” said Payne. Ibby sees Payne’s act of kindness as an inspiration. “It shows that she respects deaf people,” he said. Payne now knows enough ASL to take Ibby’s order, which makes Ibby’s life much easier. In the past, Ibby would have to order through text messages that he would show to the staff. Ibby still loves to visit the coffee shop, saying it is something that “gave me real __80__ -- even now, I’m still smiling”. 金山 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage.(12 分) I became a gardener when I was twelve. My early desire of gardening was not because of my love for nature. It was to make my parents rather angry. At that time, we had a big yard in which a beautiful maple tree stood. But my mother often looked at this work of natural art __75__. Those golden leaves seemed like tons of rubbish to her, “Something else to clean up!” Seeing the neighbors busy with gardening, my father even thought it a waste of time. At that age, I always did something __76__ to whatever my parents did! If gardening was something they found boring, I would plant a garden! I planted some lily seeds in the yard. But they __77__ to come up. I continued to plant sunflower seeds and roses. To my joy, I found the first rose bloom. One by one, the flowers bloomed their heads off. Finally, I was touched by this land of wonder. __78__, my parents showed no interest in my garden. My father even shouted at me because he found it was troublesome to move around my garden to the driveway. To my mother’s displeasure, I put in her vase my real roses which, in her eyes, were simply weeds rather than flowers. Although they disliked the garden, I kept on planting my garden and continued to enjoy the pleasure of gardening. Plants make such good __79__: they breathe, they bloom, they respond to care and love. It has been many years since I made my garden out of my desire to challenge my parent. Today I become known as Mrs. Green Thumbs, teaching gardening and hosting a gardening show, which makes my parents feel very __80__. And now I could say it is my love for nature that makes me a real gardener. 静安 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage. YES NO Sun Zhenyao, 13, Shanghai Li Mingyi, 14, Beijing Safety comes first. Most primary schools suggest that parents should come along with their children on their way to school. I don’t think it’s a problem for the parents. They just have to stay at the school gate a little __75__. Also, it’s very crowded around school gates in the morning. Traffic accidents may happen. Only __76__ school guards is not enough. If parents can help, there will be fewer accidents. On weekdays, guarding schools and keeping students safe should be the school’s responsibility – not the parents’. __79__, the time when they have to guard is usually about 7:40 to 8 a.m., the morning rush hour. Some parents might get caught in a traffic jam and late for their work. I don’t think this task should fall on the parents. Sun Run, 14, Zhejiang Huang Xi, 15, Jiangsu This request is not just about students’ safety, but also helping the school. It is a good __77__ to improve relations between parents and schools. Secondly, parents can set a good example for their kids by working __78__ for their school. Most of these parents are office workers. They have their own things to do. They hurry to work every morning. To meet this new request, some may have to ask time off. This will affect their work performance. I think it’s better to ask for the parents’ __80__ first. If some are willing to volunteer, they can do so. But it shouldn’t be something that every parent has to do. 闵行 B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage. Travel can be exciting but also dangerous at times. Follow these safety tips to protect yourself. ? Choose your ground transportation __75__ Whenever possible, travel in a vehicle(机动车) that is in good condition and offers working seat belts. Research the safety records of bus companies, and avoid using less-safe vehicles. ? Find information about your destination Get trustworthy __76__ about wherever you’re visiting. Find out everything, from the local laws to any travel warnings (including crime and security warnings). Make your plan according to the information. ? Review the escape route in your hotel room Let’s be honest – when you check into a hotel room, you’re more __77__ beds or swimming pools than studying the map on the back of your door. But before you get too settled in, you should take a quick look at the emergency(紧急情况) escape routes. You’ll be glad you did if an emergency arises in the middle of the night. ? Prepare a copy of your passport Before you leave, get a copy of your passport, take a photo of it to save on your cell phone, and email it to yourself. That way, if you need your passport while out (but it’s locked up in your hotel safe), you’ll have all your information. Plus, if it’s stolen, getting a replacement will be much __78__. ? Confirm(确认) visitors with the hotel desk You’re in your hotel room and there’s a knock at the door from someone saying he is the worker in the hotel. __79__ you let this person in, call down to the front desk to make sure. ?Save emergency numbers Find out what the local emergency hotlines are and save them to your phone. Also __80__ the phone numbers of your country’s embassies and save those addresses as well. 浦东 B. Choose the best words and complete the passage(选择最恰当的选项完成短文)(12 分) Having a positive attitude towards life is extremely important in all aspect, especially in an interview. Most people do poorly at interviews because they don’t have a positive attitude. In other words, they are ____75____ and forget all of their strengths and achievements. Don’t be shy! Tell the world about the good things you have done. Here are some things to encourage you and improve your performance in life. Always keep _____76___ with people you are talking to. Looking into someone’s eyes expresses honestly. Besides, your smile will cheer up everyone. Always use a handshake when you meet an interviewer. If you shake the interviewer’s hand firmly and tell your name proudly, you will ____77____ show you are serious about your occupation. Such a handshake will bring the feelings of being trustful and equal. This is the best way to make a good ___78_____. Always look on the bright side of life. ____79____ advantages of everything and everyone. Every person has shining points, find them! Be glad to learn something new every day. Be generous to share something new with your partner every day. Always say more than yes or no when you are ____80____. As long as you know the above tips, your life will gradually bring some active responses in return. 普陀 The rise of e-learning 21 February, 2053 A new study published today shows that e-learning is more popular than ever. According to a survey, 57% of students now get degrees(学位) through e-learning, with only 43% getting degrees by attending a __75__ university. We spoke to Zhong Tai, an eighteen-year-old student from Sichuan Province who started an e-learning course last month. “After I finished high school, I knew I wanted to continue to study,” Zhong Tai told us. “I really wanted to study economics at university, but I felt bad about __76__ my parents. My father suffers from a severe illness. He needs help moving around. He also needs someone to cook his meals and give him his medicine at the right time each day. My mother is a teacher, so she cannot help him during the day. We didn’t want to hire(雇) someone to look after him. It had nothing to do with money I just didn’t feel right leaving my father with a __77__. My mum suggested I go to a university nearby and continue to live at home, but none of the universities close to my home town offer economics. Then my friend suggested I find out more about e-learning. I soon learnt that I could get a good degree without going away from home. I applied to the University of London, and they __78__ me. I started an economics course with them four weeks ago.” Yet, though Zhong Tai is now a graduate at the University of London, he has never been to Britain. In fact, he has never left Sichuan. We asked Zhong Tai whether he felt bad about missing some __79__ enjoyed by students studying on the campus, such as making new friends from different places. “Not at all,” he replied. “I have made a lot of friends with people from my course online. __80__, during the evenings and weekends, I go out with my friends from high school. Since most of them also use e-learning, we all still live close to one another.” 青浦 Who owns English? In China and most other countries, English is the most important foreign languages that children will learn at school. English is now used by nearly a quarter of the world’s_____75_____ , and anywhere you go in the world, there is a good chance that someone will speak English. How did this happen? English has not always been the most ____76______ language. Until English became important in the twentieth century, people who had any education spoke French. What’s more, English spelling doesn’t give much help with pronunciation, and its grammar is difficult, _____77_____the word order. The reason why English is spoken everywhere is that in the 18th century, products from the UK were sold all over the world. And in the twentieth century, the US_____78_____ English all over the world through newspapers, television and films. It’s now used for international travel, science, industry and recently, information technology and the Internet. But it’s also important to remember that English has_____79_____ many words from other language, either exactly the same words or very similar ones. It uses “restaurant” from French, “zero” from Arabic, “piano” from Italian, and “Kongfu”, “wonton” and other words from China. So who owns English? The answer is everyone who speaks it ---the British, the Indians and the Chinese all help make it a(n) ____80_____language. We are all part of an international club where everyone speaks English. We all own English. 松江 徐汇 Do you have any effective ways of learning to share? Here are some tips on how to ___75___ the Exam Season. ? Prepare yourself My first tip is to prepare yourself for reviewing. Let me explain what I mean by this. During the term, you’re going to take a lot of notes and go to all the lectures, and these are the first steps in the learning ___76___. Now, at the end of the week, gather all the notes you took and run through them quickly. While doing this, constantly(不断地) ask yourself, “Do I understand what I am reading?” If yes, great. If not, ask a friend or a teacher; you can also _____77____ on the internet or go to a library. This take a little effort, but the results will be worth it. There are two big advantages. You understand ____78_____ before the exam period starts, so you don’t have to bother other people with your questions during this stressful time, and the second benefit is that you have seen the material before you start reviewing, so you’ll probably remember some things, and it makes reviewing ____79_____. Switch between different types of revision My second trip is to plan between different types of revision in order to study more efficiently. ____80_____you are motivated(主动积极的) to study, everyone gets bored after a couple of hours of studying. We get distracted or tired from time to time. Planning different types of active revision helps. You can , for example, study using flashcards for an hour, then work on a summary for an hour, then have lunch, etc. 杨浦 What makes an advertisement effective? You can easily answer this question if you walk around a city. A good ad is one that gets your attention and makes you focus on the important __75__, too. To learn how to create an effective ad, like a poster for example, start by __76__ the two posters on the right. Answer this without stopping to think: Which one is more effective? Yes, it’s the one at the bottom. Let’s examine why. First of all, it’s more colourful and it’s got attractive pictures. The white and black poster almost becomes invisible next to it. Colour draws attention. Moreover, it can __77__ your feelings and make you react in a certain way. Images do the same. Do the cupcakes on the poster at the bottom make your mouth water? Do they make you quickly go through the text to find out where you can get them? That’s what they’re there for! An ad isn’t just colour and pictures. You’ve got something to say, so the next thing you should do is to decide how much text you should write. Remember that people are impatient and will __78__ read a long text to see what it’s about. The amount of text should be just right to get your message across, so focus on your message and say it with as few words as possible. Your choice of font (the style of letters), font size (how big or small the letters are) and font colour also play an important role. You want the text to be __79__ to read, especially from a distance. __80__, you have to decide how you’re going to organize both the pictures and the text in the space you’ve got. A good layout helps people ‘read’ the ad quickly and communicates your message more effectively. If your poster is too busy, your message will simply get lost! 长宁 Shops have all kinds of tricks to get you in their doors, or on their websites, and spending. They are like traps to catch you, the buyer. If you know what those traps are, you can avoid falling into them. Loss leaders(亏本促销商品) Step one is to get you into the shop. The ___75___ that they do this is by advertising a product that you need at a crazy low price. The price might even be below cost. They ___76___ lose money when you buy that milk or those disapers, but you come in for that. Once in the shop you are sure to get the other things that you want and need, aren’t you? Those are called loss leaders. The expensive one makes yours seem reasonable You’re looking for a quality jacket. The one you want costs more than you ___77___, but right next to it is a very expensive one. Suddenly yours seems pretty reasonable. You decide to buy it ___78___ some people are spending even more money on jackets. You’ve been caught out! The placing of differently-priced items like this is done on purpose. They give you a place to rest You are tried from shopping and are thinking of going home. But then you see a bench, or a place to get a cheap coffee or cake. You take a break and then you are ___79___ to shop again. That is just what is likely to happen. Some shops even provide creches where parents can leave their children in order to shop more easily. That“99”really ___80___ people to buy You probably don’t believe that just because something is priced $9.99 instead of $10 you’ll buy it. But studies have proven that it is true. It is called the“left-digit effect”. Be aware of that when you shop. Avoid these traps so that you won’t spend too much. 答案 宝山 75-80、CBCDBA 崇明 75-80 ACBDAC 虹口 75. C 76. B 77. D 78. A 79. A 80. D 奉贤 75. B 76. A 77. B 78. C 79. A 80. B 黄浦 75-80 CADBDC 嘉定 金山 75-80 DABCAD 静安 75-80 BDBDAC 闵行 75-80 BDBCBA 浦东 75-80 BDCADB 普陀 75. C 76. D77. C 78. A 79. D 80. B 青浦 75-80CBADDB 松江 徐汇 杨浦 75-80 BCDCAB 长宁

  • ID:4-5478172 Module 1 Nature and environment Unit 1 Trees 知识点及练习(含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 1 Nature and environment/Unit 1 Trees

    牛津版本 8B Unit 1 Ⅰ. Words. 1. fighter 斗士;战士 e.g. She won't give up easily; she's a real fighter. 她不会轻易放弃的,她是一个真正的斗土。 Doctors and nurses are disease fighters. They always fight against all kinds of diseases. 医生和护土是与疾病斗争的战土。他们总是和各种疾病作斗争。 When the police came, the fighters ran away. 警察到来时,斗殴的人溜走了。 【知识拓展】 fight n. 打架,战斗,斗志 e. g. The two boys had a fight. 两个男孩打了一架。 fight v. (fought; fought)(常与against,with连用)打仗;战斗 e. g. People often have to fight with the enemy. 人们往往不得不抗击敌人。 2. suppose v. 推想,假设 e.g. Scientists supposed that large dinosaurs lived in swamps. 科学家们猜想大型恐龙栖居于沼泽地中。 Suppose your father saw you now, what would you say? 假设你父亲现在看到了你,你该怎么说? 3. pure adj. 纯的,纯粹的,纯净的 e.g. The water in mountain rivers is usually pure. 流经山间的河水通常是纯净的。 She speaks pure French. 她讲一口纯正的法语。 4. natural adj.自然的,自然界的 e.g. It is natural for a cat to catch mice. 猫捉老鼠是本能。 Fire is one of the natural elements in nature. 火是自然界中的自然元素之一。 【知识拓展】 nature n. 自然,自然界,大自然 e.g. This phenomenon is unique in nature. 这种现象在整个自然界是罕见的。 5. gas n. 气体 e.g. There are several kinds of gas in the air, with nitrogen amounting to the most part. 空气中有好几种气体,氮所占的比重最大。 6. release v. 释放,解放 e. g. I released the horse and it ran away. 我放了这匹马,让它跑了。 Four prisoners were released. 四名犯人被释放了。 【知识拓展】 release n. 释放;解脱 e.g. She can expect an early release from prison. 她有望早一点儿出狱。 7. chemical n. 化学物质,药品 e.g. The farmers use chemicals to kill the insects in the fields. 农民用化学药品来杀死地里的害虫。 【知识拓展】 chemical adj. 化学的 chemistry n. 化学 chemist n. 化学家,药剂师 8. nasty adj. 令人厌恶的,令人不悦的 e.g. There's a nasty smell coming from that sewer. 下水道里发出一股很恶心的味道。 Don't be so nasty! 不要发脾气啦! 9. communicate v. 沟通,通信 e.g. My net-pal and I communrcate with each other on the Internet. 我和我的网友通过网络保持联系。 The Minister for Foreign Affairs has already communicated on this event with the American President. 外交部长已经跟美国总统就此事件交换过意见了。 This room communicates with the other room. 这个房间与那个房间相通。 10. hardly adv. 刚刚,几乎不 e.g. I could hardly understand the theory. 我几乎不能理解这个理论。 We had hardly begun when it began to rain. 我们刚一举步就下起雨来了。 It was so dark that I could hardly see. 天那么黑,我几乎什么也着不见。 It hardly snows here in winter. 这里的冬天几乎不下雪。 【知识拓展】 hard adj. 坚固的,困难的 adv.努力地,剧烈地 e.g. She found it hard to make up her mind. 她发觉很难下决心。 It was raining hard last night. 昨晚雨下得很大。 11. warn v. 警告 【常用搭配】 warn somebody about something警告某人某事 e.g. warn somebody not to do something 警告某人不要做某事 The government warned the people about the coming typhoon. 政府警告人民台风将要来袭。 I must warn you not to go out. There is a storm. 我必须警告你不要出门,外面暴风骤雨。 【知识拓展】 warning n. 提醒;警告 e.g. Because of her warning, I was careful. 由于她的提醒,我很小心。 单词扩展速背: destroy v. 破坏;毁坏destruction n.毁坏;毁灭 fighter n. 战士fight v. /n. 战斗,打架 product n. 农产品production n.产品(工业方面)producer n.制片人, 制作者produce v.生产 noise n. 喧闹声, 嘈杂声,噪声noisy adj. 吵闹的; 喧闹的; 嘈杂的noisily adv. 吵闹地 fact n. 事实factor n.因素 breathe v. 呼吸breath n.呼吸 interested adj.感到有兴趣的interesting adj.令人产生兴趣的interest n.兴趣, 爱好 Scientist n.科学家Science n.科学Scientific adj.科学的 pure adj.纯净的purely adv.纯净地 warn v. 警告warning n.警告,告诫 nature n. 自然natural adj.自然的unnatural adj.不自然的naturally adv.自然地 chemical adj.化学的chemicals n.学物质(复)chemistry n. 化学(学科)chemist n.化学家 burn n. / v. 燃烧、烧伤burning adj.(中用于名词前)燃烧着的, 雄心勃勃的, 迫在眉睫的 replace v. 放回原处, 更换, 替换replacement n.更换, 解题的人或物 live v. / a. 居住、现场的living adj.活着的alive adj. 活的lively adj. 活泼的 harm n. 害处harmful adj.有害的harmless adj. 无害的harmlessly adv. 无害的 exchange v. / n. 交流, 交换change v. / n.改变, 替换 hardly adv. 几乎不hard adv. /adj. 努力地、艰难的, 坚硬的 communicate v. 交流, 沟通communication n. 交流,沟通 thank v. 感谢thankful adj. 感谢的, 感激的 main adj. 主要的 mainly adv. 主要地 contain v. 容纳container n.容器 announce v. 公告,宣布announver n. 发言人announcement n. 声明, 公告 enjoy v.享受enjoyment n.享受, 快乐enjoyable adj.令人愉快的 windsurf v. 冲浪windsurfing n. 冲浪运动 leader n. 领导者lead v. 领导 in the end 最后(可用于将来时)at the end of 在……末(可指时间或空间)by the end of 到……为止(用于时间)on the end of 在……末端上 join 参加(组织或个人、人群)take part in 参加(活动)join in参加(活动) Ⅱ. Daily expressions. 日常表达 1. be interested in 对……感兴趣 e. g. Peter is interested in playing football. 彼得对踢足球感兴趣。 指点迷津:interesting 与interested (1) interesting形容词,意为“有趣的”。 e.g.We are going to show an interesting experiment. 我们将给大家做个有趣的实验。 (2) interested形容词,意为“对……感兴趣”,短语be/become interested in。 e.g. They have become interested in science. 他们对自然科学感兴趣。 Are you interested in history? 你对历史感兴趣吗? 2. living things生物 指点迷津: alive 与living 通常情况下,alive做表语(be alive),而living 一般放在名词前做定语用。 e.g. That great man is still alive. 那个伟人依然活着。 all living things 一切生物 Latin is not a living language. 拉丁语不是现代用语。 3. on the end of…在……的末端 e.g. Have you ever noticed the rubber on the end of a pencil? 你有注意过铅笔末端的那个橡皮头吗? 4. of course当然 e. g. -Will you help me please?请你帮助我好吗? -Of course!当然可以! 5. thank…for… 为……而感谢… e.g. He thanked her for the gift. 他感谢她的礼物。 The manager thanked her crew for being so cooperative. 经理感谢她的同事们如此通力合作。 6. take…from…从……中拿出… e.g. When people take trees from the forests, have they ever thought about planting more? 当人们从森林中取走树木的时候,他们有想过要种更多的树木吗? 7. release…into… 将……释放到……中 e.g. Look, that steel work is releasing black smoke into the air. 看呀,那家钢铁厂正在向空气中排放黑烟。 8. as well as也,还 e.g. He as well as his sisters, is going to Canada. 他和他的姐妹们将要去加拿大。 She is clever as well as beautiful. 她不仅聪明,而且漂亮。 Penguins can swim under the water as well as on the top of it. 企鹅不但能在水里游,而且能在水上游。 【知识拓展】 注意区别as well as/not only…but also… ①The teacher, as well as the students, wishes for a holiday.(重点放在前者) ②Not only the students but also the teacher wishes for a holiday. (重点放在后者) 9. protect…by doing sth. 通过……保护… e.g. The parents wanted to protect their children by locking them in the house. 这对父母希望通过将孩子反锁在家中来保护他们的安全。 10. join…together将……连在一起 e.g. The trees nearby can join their roots together. 周围的树木可以将它们的根系交织在一起。 11. communicate with one another相互联系,相互沟通 e.g. Nowadays, people usually communicate with each other through the Internet. 如今,人们常常通过因特网相互联系。 指点迷津:one another, each other 一般来说,在表示两个人之间的相互关系时用each other,表示两人以上的相互关系时用one another,但在实际运用时两者皆可。 e.g. Students should help each other. 学生们应当相互帮助。 Stuttents share their ideas freely with one another. 学生们可以自由地交换他们的想法。 12. hardly any 几乎没有 e.g. He spent nearly all his money. He had hardly any left. 他几乎花光所有的钱。他几乎没有剩下任何东西。 13. in danger 处于危险中 e.g. He is in danger, please inform him as soon as possible. 他处于危险之中,请尽快通知他。 The people in the burning house are in danger. 房子着火了,里面的人正处于危险中。 14. protect sb. by/from/against ……保护 e.g. The man raised his arm to protect his face from the blow. 这个男人抬起胳膊挡住他的脸部免受拳击。 Please wear a hat to protect your head against the sun. 请戴好帽子,免得头部遭到暴晒。 15. What else…? 还有什么……? e.g. What else do you want to buy? 你还想买些什么? 【随堂小练】 I. Fill in the blanks with the given words in their proper forms. 1. We should try our best to fight ( pollute). 2. The man is a brave (fight). We should learn from him. 3. Students should clean the classroom (they) after school. 4. Sam wants to be a ( science) when he grows up in the future. 5. Boys and girls, how many (nature) elements do you know? II. Choose the right word to complete the sentence. 1. We will have a meeting to talk about the plan (at /on) the end of this week. 2. You can find a hotel (at / on) the end of the street. 3. People usually communicate ( with / to) each other in the tea bar. 4. Let's talk about the project (to / on) the Open Day. 【keys】 I. 1. pollution 2. fighter 3. themselves 4. scientist 5. natural Ⅱ. 1. at 2. on 3. with 4. on Step 4: Important Sentences structures. 1. They make streets more beautiful and less noisy. “more”和“less”用于多音节和一些双音节形容词和副词之前。“more”表示“更加”,“less”表示“不如,较差”。 e. g. Jane is less beautiful than Susan. 珍妮没有苏珊漂亮。 Susan’s more beautiful than Jane. 苏珊比珍妮更漂亮。 2. And, I suppose you also enjoy breathing pure, cool air. enjoy doing意为“喜欢做……事,享受做……事的乐趣”。 e.g. I enjoy reading books at home on Sundays. 周日我喜欢在家看书。 3. … produce enough oxygen to keep your whole class alive and healthy for a whole year. enough+n. +to do e.g. I have enough time to finish the work.我有足够的时间来完成这份工作。 adj. /adv. +enough+ to do e.g. It's warm enough to swim. 天气足够暖和,可以游泳。 He didn't run fast enough to catch the train. 他跑得不够快,没有赶上火车。 【随堂练习】 Ⅰ. Read and choose the best answer. ( )1. The boy was interested chess and volleyball. A. playing B. in play C. in playing D. of play ( )2. You must always keep your room . A. tidily B. tidy C. untidy D. untidily ( )3. The boss made my grandfather fifteen hours a day in old days. A. work B. worked C. working D. to work ( )4. I like many kinds of sports playing football and diving. A. for example B. such as C. like as D. so as ( )5. I could believe that my son worked so . A. hard; hard B. hard; hardly C. hardly; hard D. hardly; hardly Ⅱ. Rewrite the sentences as required. 1. Ted is sunbathing and having Coke on the beach. (改为一般疑问句) Ted and having Coke on the beach? 2. Trees are in great danger. (改为反意疑问句) Trees are in great danger, ? 3. We can save our earth by planting more trees. (就划线部分提问) we save our earth? 【keys】 Ⅰ.1. C 2. B 3. A 4. B 5. C Ⅱ. 1. Is; sunbathing 2. aren't they 3. How; can

  • ID:4-5427137 新版牛津上海(本地版)五四制 七年级上册语法

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/七年级上(新版)/本册综合

    新版牛津上海版七年级上册语法 知识点 特殊疑问词 特殊疑问句:以疑问代词what, who, whose, which或疑问副词when, where, why, how 等放在句首提问的句子,叫特殊疑问句。答句必须针对问句中的疑问词来回答,疑问词分为疑问代词和疑问副词。 一、特殊疑问词 (一) 疑问代词who/whom/whose/what/which 1. who, whom, whose 只能指人 who常作主语或宾语;whom作宾语,可用who替代;whose常作定语或表语。 eg: Who taught you math last year? (主语) Whom did you see? (宾语) Whose father works in Shenzhen? (定语) what用来询问物或数量,用来询问人时涉及人的职业,身份或外貌。如: What would you like to eat today? 你今天想吃什么? What is your mother ? 你妈妈是干什么的? which用来询问人或物,一般有特定的选择范围。如: Which is your sister of the two girls? 那两个姑娘中哪个是你姐姐? (二)疑问副词 常用的疑问副词有:where, when, why, how以及how引伸的一些疑问词组,如:how much (many), how long, how old, how far, how often, how soon等。他们在句中通常作状语,可表时间,方式,原因等。如: When will you come back? 你什么时候回来? Where did you put your mobile phone? 你把手机放哪 Why are you late? 你为什么迟到? How long did you stay in Beijing? 你在北京呆了多久? 二、不定冠词 1. 不定冠词是a/an,一般放在名词之前。a 用于以辅音(不是辅音字母)开头的单词前,an用于以元音(不是元音字母)开头的单词前。如: a boy 一个男孩 a European country 一个欧洲国家 an island 一座岛屿 an hour 一小时 不定冠词的用法 (1) 用在可数名词的单数形式前面 *表示一类事物或人中的任何一个。如: There is an island over there. 那儿有一座岛 Be sure to bring me a dictionary. 一定要给我带本字典来。 *表示一类事物或人,a/an 在此处不用翻译。如: An ear is an organ for listening. 耳朵是听觉器官。 A tiger is a wild animal. 老虎是一种野生动物。 (2) 用在专有名词前面,表示“一个”、“一种”、“一类”或“一个类似.....的”。如: That city is a Venice in China. 那座城市是中国的威尼斯。 容易弄错的单词总结 an hour一个小时 an honest boy一个诚实的男孩 a university一座大学 a uniform一件制服 an unusual watch一块不寻常的手表 a useful book一本有用的书 a umbrella一把雨伞 an uncle一位叔叔 一般现在时: 表示现在的状态、经常的或习惯性的动作、表示主语具备的性格和能力等。与一般现在时连用的时间状语:often, always, sometimes,usually, every day/ week/ year 等。 一般现在时的构成:(be动词型) 肯定句:主语+am/is/are+其它成分(名词、形容词、介词短语) He is an engineer. 否定句:主语+am/is/are not+其它成分 They are not in the library. 一般疑问句:Am/ Is /Are+主语+其它成分? Is it a tall tree? Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. 一般现在时的构成:(实义动词型) 肯定句:主语(除第三人称单数)+动词原形+其它成分 I get up at six every day . 主语(第三人称单数)+动词s/es +其它成分 My father usually goes to work by bus. 否定句:主语(除第三人称单数) +don’t+动词原形+其它成分 I don’t like swimming. 主语(第三人称单数)+doesn’t+动词原形+其它成分 The old man doesn’t like playing cards . ?一般疑问句:Do +主语(除第三人称单数) +动词原形+其它成分? Do the boys often go swimming in summer? Yes, they do. / No, they don’t. 主语为第三人称单数 Does+主语+动词原形+其它成分? Does she brush her teeth every day? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t. 主语是第三人称单数时,行为动词的变化规则如下: 1、一般动词在词尾加-s,如: helps, makes, gets, swims,knows, plays等 2、以s, x,ch,sh 或o结尾的动词在词尾加-es,如dresses,washes,catches,does等 3、以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,再加-es, 如fly---flies,study--- studies等 play-plays enjoy-enjoys (四)名词: 名词是表示人,事物,地点或抽象概念的名称。名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。可数名词表示可以用数字进行计算的名词,不可数名词表示不能用数字进行计算的。可数名词有单复数形式,若要表示一本书、一只鸟、一棵树等概念,需使用名词的单数形式。表示名词的单数时,要在名词前面加上冠词a或an.若要表示两个或两个以上的概念时,要用到名词的复数形式。 My younger sister has a job in a store. 我妹妹在商店工作。 She has two jobs.她打两份工。 (一)、可数名词与不可数名词 可数名词 不可数名词 个体名词 集体名词 物质名词 抽象名词 表示单个人和事物。 表示一群人或一些事物的名称。 表示物质或不具备形状和大小的个体的物质。 表示动作、状态、品质或其他抽象概念。 mother, flower, tree, bag people, police, family milk, rice, bread English,water, money, news, weather, love 注:集体名词做主语时,谓语动词可以用单数,也可以用复数,如果强调整体用单数,强调个体或成员,则用复数. The police are searching for him. The Chinese people are brave and hardworking. (二)、名词复数形式变化: (1)规则变化 1)一般变化, 在名词后加-s,如: book—books; bag—bags 2) 以s, x, ch, sh结尾的名面,加-es,如: bus—buses; box—boxes; watch—watches; wish—wishes; glass—glasses 3) 以辅音字母加-y结尾的单词,变y为i再加-es,如: city—cities; country—countries; study—studies; family—families 4) 以f或fe结尾的单词,有些将f或fe变为v, 再加-es; 有些只加-s : wife—wives; knife—knives; wolf—wolves; thief—thieves; shelf—shelves; myself—myselves; life—lives; half—halves; leaf—leaves;      roof—roofs; chief—chiefs; belief—beliefs; proof—proofs; handkerchief—handkerchiefs/handerchieves(手帕/头巾) 5) 以o结尾的名词,有些加-s ,有些加-es。如:   hero—heroes; Negro—Negroes; potato—potatoes; tomato—tomatoes (两人两菜) photo—photos; radio—radios; piano—pianos; studio—studios; bamboo—bamboos; zero—zeros/zeroes; (2)不规则变化    child—children; foot—feet; tooth—teeth; goose—geese; mouse—mice; man—men; woman—women    注意:由一个词加man或woman构成的合成词,其复数形式同上。 Englishman—Englishmen; Frenchman—frenchmen; 但German—Germans(不是合成词) 单复数同形 deer; sheep; fish; Chinese; Japanese (4)有些名词只用复数形式:     clothes(衣服); pants(短裤;裤子); jeans(牛仔裤); shorts(短裤); glasses(眼镜); scissors(剪刀)   这类词常与a pair of ; two pairs of 这样的短语连用 (5)某些词虽以s结尾,但仍为单数;    a. maths, politics, physics等学科名词,一般是不可数名词,为单数;    b. news为不可数名词;    c. the United States(the US); the United Nations(the UN) 应视为单数; (三)、不可数名词只有单数形式。 物质名词通常属于不可数名词。如: 液体和气体:water; milk; air; 思想和感觉:beauty; love; hate 极小的物体:rice; salt; sand 学校科目:English; Maths; Art 四、一般现在时中,单数可数名词和不可数名词后要用动词的第三人称单数形式;可数名词复数后要用动词原形。如: This orange comes from Germany. This coffee comes from Germany. These oranges come from Germany. 五、不可数名词的量词 物质名词的数量,一般用单位或容器的量表示,即“单位+of+物质名词”的形式。 I had a bowl of soup and two cups of tea just now. 我刚刚喝了一碗汤和两杯茶。 如 a piece of; a bottle of ; a glass of ; two cups of There be 句型: There be 句型与have(has; had)的各种形式的区别 1、there be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人) There is a vase on the table. 2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最邻近be 动词的那个名词决定,即“就近一致”。 There is a duck in the pond. There are some ducks in the pond. There is a ball and some toys on the floor. There are some balls and a toy on the floor. 3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词提到句首。在there be句型的般疑问句中,如果可数名词的复数形式和不可数名词前没有别的修饰词,往往都要用any来修饰。 There isn’t s a vase on the table. Is there a vase on the table? --Is there a post office near here? --Yes, there is . --Are there any students in the classroom? --No, there aren’t. Are there any teachers from America in your school? Is there any rice in your bowl 4、there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。 I have a lot of friends in the classroom. There are a lot of students in the classroom. 5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句,any 用于否定句或疑问句。 There is some water in the glass. There isn’t any water in the glass. 6、and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句,or 用于否定句。 There isn’t a pen or two books on the desk. 7、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语? How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语? --How many students are there in your school? --There are about two hundred (students in our school). 8、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:What’s + 介词短语? There is a bird in the tree. →What’s in the tree? There are some bikes over there. →What’s over there? There is a little girl in the room. →Who is in the room? 9、There be结构一般用在句子的开头,而have等词只能用于某一个主语后面。 (五)一般将来时 一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。 句中一般有以下时间状语: tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。 二、基本结构:分为两种: 1、will+ do. 肯定句:主语+will+动词原形+其他 Peter will go to Nanning next week. 否定句:主语+won’t(will not的缩写)+动词原形+其他 Peter won’t go to Nanning next week. 一般疑问句:will+主语+动词原形+其他? Will Peter go to Nanning next week? 肯定回答:Yes, he will. 否定回答:No, he won’t. be going to + do 肯定句:主语+am/is/are going to+动词原形+其他 Peter is going to go to Nanning next week. They are going to go to Nanning next week. I am going to go to Nanning next week. 否定句:主语+am/is/are not going to+动词原形+其他 Peter isn’t going to go to Nanning next week. They aren’t going to go to Nanning next week. I am not going to go to Nanning next week. 一般疑问句:Am/Is/Are+主语+ going to+动词原形+其他? Is Peter going to go to Nanning next week? Are they going to go to Nanning next week? Are you going to go to Nanning next week? 肯定回答:Yes, he is. 否定回答:No, he isn’t. 注意: 一般疑问句中, be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。 There is/are 句型中的将来时: There is going to be +其他 There will be+其他 (六)if条件从句 一.条件状语从句的概念 条件状语从句,表示主句动作发生的条件。即在某种条件下,一件事情可能发生。在英语中由连接词if或unless等引导的状语从句叫做条件状语从句。条件是指某一件事情实现之后(状语从句中),一件事情(主句)才能发生,通常译作“假如,只要,如果”等意思。条件状语从句中,主从句的时态要遵循“主将从现”的原则。即,主句是将来时态时,从句用一般现在时代替将来时态。 二. 条件状语从句的引导词 1. If conj . 如果,假如 If you ask him,he will help you.如果你请他帮忙,他会帮你的。 If you fail in the exam,you will let him down. 如果你考试不及格,你会让他失望的。 2. unless conj.除非,若不,除非在……的时候 (if ...not...) You will fail to arrive there in time unless you start earlier. 如果你不早点动身,你就不能及时赶到那儿。 Unless it rains, the game will be played.除非下雨,比赛将照常进行。 3. so/as long as conj.只要 You may borrow my book as long as you keep it clean. 只要你保持书的清洁,你就可以把我的书借去。 三.关于条件句的时态,常见的有以下三种情况: 1、条件状语从句的主句是一般将来时,那么从句常常用一般现在时。 When I grow up, I’ll be a nurse and look after patients. 我长大后要当一名护士,照顾病人。 2、如果主句是祈使句,那么从句通常要用一般现在时。 If you want to have a chat ,call me up. 如果你想聊天,打我电话。 一般过去时 一、一般过去时的概念: 一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:last year, yesterday, in 1990, two days ago等;也可表示过去经常反复发生的动作,常和often, always等频率副词连用。   例如:   ①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。   ②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。 二、一般过去时的构成: 1. be动词的一般过去时的构成: 第一人称单数和第三人称单数用was, 其余人称用were 例如: ①I was ten years old at that time. ②There were many people standing in front of the door. 2. 实义动词的一般过去时的构成: (1) 规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则: ①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上ed。 如:look--- work--- jump--- stay--- ②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,直接加d。 如:live--- close--- dance--- ③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加ed。 如:stop--- shop--- prefer--- ④末尾是辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先变y为i,然后再加ed。 如:study--- try--- (2) 不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。 如:am(is)--- are--- go--- come--- take--- have(has)--- 三、一般过去时的几种句型: (1) be动词的一般过去时的句型: ①肯定句结构为:主语+was / were+其它。 如:I was at home yesterday. They were really happy at the party. ②否定句结构为:主语+was not (wasn’t) /were not (weren’t)+其它。 如:I wasn’t at home yesterday. They weren’t happy at the party. ③一般疑问句结构为:Was / Were+主语+其它? 如:---Were you at home yesterday? ---Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t. ---Were they happy at the party? ---Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t. ④特殊疑问句结构为:疑问词+was / were+主语+其它? 如:---Where were you last night? ---We were at my uncle’s house. ---How was your weekend? ---It was great. (2) 实义动词的一般过去时的句型: ①肯定句结构为:主语+动词的过去式+其它。 如:He went to the toy store yesterday. We took some pictures in the park. ②否定句结构为:主语+did not (didn’t)+动词原形+其它。 如:He didn't go to the toy store yesterday. We didn’t take any pictures in the park. ③一般疑问句结构为:Did+主语+动词原形+其它? 如:---Did you go to Beijing last week? ---Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. ---Did he meet the businessman before? ---No, he didn't. / Yes, he did. ④特殊疑问句结构为:疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它? 如:---What did you do last night? ---I did my homework. ---Where did you go last week? ---I went to Shanghai with my parents. (八)人称代词及物主代词 代词(人称代词&物主代词&不定代词)★重点▲难点 含义:我们可以用代词来代替先前所提及的名词或名词短语。 John asked Sally for her telephone number, so she give it to him. ★(一)人称代词:人称代词是指人或事物的代词,有性、数、格的区别。 数 格 人 称 单 数 复 数 主 格 宾 格 主 格 宾 格 第一人称 we me we us 第二人称 you you you you 第三人称 he him they them she her it it 主格在句中作主语。例如:She is my English teacher. 宾格在句中作宾语。例如:They don’t want me to go there alone. Don’t worry. I can look after her. ▲以下几点需要注意: 1. It作为人称代词时,可以表示天气、距离、时间、环境等。 例如: It is about 10 kilometres from here. 离这儿大约有10公里。 2. It 还可用作形式主语来代替由不定式,以避免句子头重脚轻。例如: It is not easy to learn English well. 3. 人称代词she可以用指代祖国、大地、月亮。例如: We love our country, we hope she’ll be stronger and stronger. ★(二)物主代词:是用来表示物体的归属的。物主代词的含义:“谁的” .物主代词包括形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。 (注:形容词性物主代词须放在名词前面使用,形容词性物主代词须单独使用.)例如: This isn’t your gift .It is her gift. This isn’t your s .It is hers. 词 义 类 型 我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他/她/它们的 形容词性物主代词 my your his her its our your their 名词性物主代词 mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs (注:除了mine之外,名词性物主代词直接在形容词性物主代词后加s.) 思考:its 与it’s 的区别? (三)不定代词 复合不定代词:★ some any no every something anything nothing everything someone anyone no one everyone somebody anybody nobody everybody ★ 在肯定句中用somebody(=someone)/ something; 在否定句及疑问句中用anybody(= anyone)/ anything; ▲ 形容词或else修饰不定代词时,形容词或else应放在不定代词后面。 例:something new. ★疑问句中,当说话人期待对方作出肯定回答时,常用some-系列的不定代词。 例:Would you like something to eat? 课堂练习 ( )6. There is _______ packet of salt in _______ box. A. a; / B. a; the C. the; / D. the; a ( ) 7. Susan is good ________ Chinese. And she likes ________ music. A. in; listen B. in; listening C. at; listening to D. at; listen ( )8. The shoes are very nice. Can I ________? A. try it on B. try on it C. try them on D. try on them ( ) 9. There is ______ on the table. A. a bowl and two cups of tea B. two cups of tea and a bowl C. two cups of tea D. cups of tea ( )10 .--- ________ do you sleep every night? --- More than 7 hours. A. How often B. How many C. How much D. How long ( )11. —Is this ball, Joe? —No, it’s not . A. your; my B. your; mine C. yours; my D. yours; mine ( )12. – How do you like Shanghai, Joyce? -- I think it’s one of ____in the world. A. biggest city B. the biggest city C. the biggest cities D. big cities ( )13. – Are you _____ stamps? -- Yes. I enjoy____stamps very much. A. keen on, collecting B. like, seeing C. love, to buy D. interested in, to collect ( ) 14. -- ____ a letter for you. It is from May. -- Oh, I know. I will ______ it soon. A. There is, answer to B. Here is, reply to C. There is, reply D. Here is, answer to ( )15. – Did you see______in Beijing? -- Sure. A. something interesting B. anything interesting C. interesting anything D. interesting something ( )16.Let’s_____ waste time. There is going to be the final exam in two weeks. don’t B. not to C. not D. don’t to ( )17. How many________ are there in your school? A. woman teacher B. woman teachers C. women teachers D. women teacher ( )18. . – Don’t forget to bring your umbrella. -- Why? -- Look at the clouds. It_____ . A.rains B. is going to rain C. was raining D. is raining ( )19. Shenzhen is_____the south of China. A on B. in C. to D. at ( )20. .-Mike,I am so ____ that I can't believe my eyes. -I agree with you. It is so____. A.surprise;surprised B.surprised;surprised C.surprising;surprised D.surprised;surprising ( )21. On Sundays Lily____ a dancing club and practises dancing with her friends. attends B.assists C.comes D.discusses ( )22.I was______ at what he said. surprise B.surprising C.to surprise D.surprised ( )23. Only ______ know it. A.I and he B.he and you C.he and I D.I and you ( )24. -What did you do yesterday? -Well, I_____ a meeting and then had dinner with my friends. A. joined B.attended C.took part D.join in ( )25. -Wow,China is so amazing!-Yeah!China is a big country ____ a long history. A.with B.have C.has D.there is

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