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初中英语牛津译林版八年级上
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  • ID:4-5685310 2018-2019学年浙江省宁波市慈溪市八年级(上)期末英语试卷(有听力题及答案解析,无听力音频及材料)

    初中英语/期末专区/八年级上册

    2018-2019学年浙江省宁波市慈溪市八年级(上)期末英语试卷 一、听力(共三节;满分5分) 第一节:听小对话,回答问题.(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 1.(1分)What will the weather be like tomorrow? A. Cloudy. B. Sunny. C. Rainy. 2.(1分)How does Helen go to school? A.On foot. B. By bus. C. By bike. 3.(1分)When will Alice go to Shanghai? A.On Oct. 16th. B. On Oct. 17th. C. On Oct. 18th. 4.(1分)Whom did Mary go shopping with? A.Her sister. B. Her friend. C. Her cousin. 5.(1分)Where is Mike going on the school trip? A.America. B. England. C. Japan. 第二节:听长对话,回答问题.(共2小题;每小题4分,满分10分) 6.(4分)(1)What color of sweater did the man buy? A. A yellow one. B. A purple one. C. A black one. (2)How much did he have to pay? A. ?150. B. ? 300. C. ? 450. 7.(6分)(1)How long did Kate stay in Hainan? A. For five days. B. For seven days. C. For nine days. (2)What did she do there? A. She played games. B. She swam in the sea. C. She did some shopping. (3)What does she think of Hainan? A.The sky there is bluer than in her city. B.The food there is cheaper than in her city. C.Ifs cooler there in summer than in her city. 第三节:听独白,回答问题.(共1小题;每小题10分,满分10分) 8.(10分)(1)What time does John's restaurant open? A. At 10:00 a.m. B. At 11:45 a.m. C. At 1:00 p.m. (2)What's the special in his restaurant? A.Beef noodles. B. Beef hamburgers. C. Beef sandwiches. (3)Where does the old man always sit? A. By the door. B. Beside the window. C. Behind the door. (4)Who come to have lunch at about 11:45 a.m.? A. Some old men. B. Some small children. C. Some young students. (5)What is the restaurant like? A. It's small. B. It's old C. It's interesting 二、完形填空(共1小题;每小题15分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项. 9.(15分)Time is very important in our life. But I never knew its importance until I(1) a watch from my father. I got this gift on a gray﹣sky day. I had to (2) my uncle Ali at the airport (机场)at 9:00 am and then take him to my father's (3) . However, I forgot all about it (4) I was playing with my friends. Later on that day, around 11: 00 am, I(5) my uncle, but I was late for him. He had got off the(6) and taken a taxi to my father's house by himself. I (7) my father's house at 2:00 pm. that day. My father looked quite (8) .He looked at me angrily and asked me to sit next to him. He didn't say(9) for a while. Then he handed (递给)me a(10) and said, "Essa, did you have fun (11) your friends today? You should feel sorry for(12) . What you did today was not nice!" I said " (13) " to my uncle and promised my father that I wouldn't make such a (14) again. From then on, I always wear the watch wherever I go. It's important to me not because of its price but because I learned a lesson from my father: "Time is very important in our life. Respect (尊重)time and(15) be late ! " (1)A. won B.bought C. got D. borrowed (2)A. meet B. invite C. send D. accept (3)A. farm B. house C. office D. factory (4)A. unless B. though C. before D. because (5)A. saw B. visited C. found D. remembered (6)A. bus B. train C. plane D. ship (7)A. reached B. missed C.left D. shared (8)A. angry B. surprised C. hungry D. relaxed (9)A. everything B. anything C. nothing D. something (10)A. ring B. wallet C. card D. watch (11)A. for B. with C. about D. without (12)A. myself B. yourself C. herself D. himself (13)A. sorry B. hello C. thanks D. goodbye (14)A. plan B. joke C. mistake D. resolution (15)A. never B. often C. always D. sometimes 三、阅读理解(共I5小题;每小题8分,满分30分)阅读下列材料,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项. 10.(8分) World Travel ServiceDear MarkCongratulations! You have won a free four﹣week trip to another country.Now you must decide where you want to go and what you want to do please read this information paper carefully and finish it.After the trip, you must write a report about your trip.Yours sincerelyJohn FoleyManagerWorld Travel Service InformationYou may chooseGo to a country:Britain Canada Japan AustraliaStay :with a family in a hotel in a schoolStudy a language:English French Japanese GermanStudy one subject:Computers Business History ScienceHave two sports:football basketball horse ridingclimbing skating badmintonDo another two things:visit a big city spend a day at a beachvisit a science museum (1)How long will Mark's trip last? A. Two weeks. B. Three weeks. C. Four weeks. D. Five weeks (2)Which country does Mark decide to go to? A. Britain. B. Canada. C. Japan. D. Australia (3)What does Mark expect to do during the trip? A. To stay in a school. B. To study English. C. To climb mountains. D. To visit a big city (4)Mark must after the trip, A. write a report about his trip B. pay much money for his trip C. finish the information paper D. write a letter to John Foley 11.(8分)Johnny got up at five past seven this morning. His parents and his little twin sisters had gone traveling in France and he had to look after himself these days. He opened the fridge, but he found nothing in it."Oh, my goodness!"said Johnny to himself. Then he remembered there was a nice restaurant across from the street and the food there was fresh and delicious. He walked across the street quickly and sat down at a table. The owner of the restaurant, Mr. Hunt, came up and said, "Can I take your order, Johnny?" "But you haven't shown your menu to me,Mr. Hunt," said the boy. "Oh,I'm sorry! I forgot it. Here you are" Johnny looked at the menu carefully. It was: Bread ﹩1.30 Ice﹣cream ﹩2.50 Hamburger ﹩2.40 Milk ﹩1.00 / cup Egg ﹩0.60 Juice ﹩0.50 / cup Sandwich ﹩1.80 Coffee ﹩0.70 / cup Johnny brought out his wallet and found there was only 6.50 dollars in it. "Well,"said Mr. Hunt. "What about a hamburger, an egg, an ice﹣cream and a cup of milk?" "Oh, no!" said the boy. "I'll buy a picture﹣book this afternoon. It's 1.50 dollars." "I see," said Mr. Hunt. And then he brought the boy a nice breakfast. (1)Johnny got up at today. A. 5:07 a.m. B. 6:05 a.m. C. 6:55 a.m. D. 7:05 a.m. (2)Johnny decided to eat out because . A. he didn't like to do any cooking B. he didn't find anything to eat at home C. he wanted to take a walk outside D. he loved talking with people when eating (3)Which of the following was the cheapest food in Mr. Hunt's restaurant? A. A bread. B. A hamburger. C. A sandwich. D. An ice﹣cream. (4)Johnny probably had for breakfast in the end. A.an egg, a bread, an ice﹣cream and a cup of milk B.a hamburger, an egg, an ice﹣cream and a cup of milk C.a bread, a hamburger, an egg and a cup of coffee D. two eggs, a sandwich, an ice﹣cream and a cup of juice 12.(6分)The class in America is almost the same as that in China. But something is different. In America, if the teacher asks you a question but you don't understand (明白)it,you should put up your hand and ask the teacher to say it again. If you don't know the answer, it is all right to tell the teacher that you don't know. Then he or she knows what you need to do. You mustn't be absent on a test day. If you are seriously ill, call and let the teacher know you will not be there for the test. If your teacher allows (允许)you a make﹣up test, you should take the test in one or two days after you go back to school. Be on time ! It's impolite to be late. If you do come in late, be sure to do it quietly. Take your books out of your bag after you come into the room. Then go to your seat and sit down quietly. In the US,you needn't knock (敲)at the door before you come into the classroom. If you have to leave during the class, do it quietly,too. There's no need to ask for the teacher's agreement. (1)In the US,if you don't understand the teacher's question,you should . A. sit on your seat quietly B. stand up and leave the classroom C. ask the teacher to say it again D. advise the teacher to give the answer (2)The underlined part " make﹣up test" in Paragraph 3 means in Chinese. A.请假 B.补考 C.返校 D.缺席 (3)Which of the following is TRUE about the class in America? A.You should come into the classroom quietly if you are late. B.You mustn't take out your books before you sit on your seat. C.You cannot ask to leave the classroom during the class. D.You need to knock at the door before you come into the classroom. 13.(8分)One day, my mother said, "Let's go shopping and buy you a new dress." I was very happy to hear that. We went to a big clothes shop on Bridge Street. I was interested in four dresses, a pink one, a blue one, a yellow one and, best of all, a purple one. I liked them all and didn't know which one to choose. To my surprise, my mother bought all of them for me. You know, my family was poor at that time. Later on that day, I showed my new dresses to my best friend Emily. She loved them all and was happy for me. But she also felt sad and said her mother could only buy her new clothes for her birthday. So I asked her to pick one. Then she picked the purple dress ﹣ my favorite! You should know that I was only seven and it was my turn to feel sad. She put it on and I saw smiles on her face, so happy and beautiful. I could feel her joy! I told her it looked great on her. "Thank you, Amy! You're like my sister!" Emily said happily. When I told my mother about it,she smiled and said, "You're quite understanding. You're always my good little girl !" (1)Amy felt when her mother bought all of the four dresses for her. A. relaxed B.excited C.interested D. surprised (2)Which of the four dresses did Amy like best? A. The pink one. B.The blue one. C.The yellowone. D. The purple one. (3)Emily was Amy's . A. cousin B.sister C.friend D.mother (4)What can we learn about Amy's mother from the story? A.She felt sad that Emily's mother didn't love her. B.She only bought Amy new clothes for her birthday. C.She thought Amy was an understanding girl. D. She was angry to hear Amy sent a dress to Emily. 四、任务型阅读(共1小题;每小题5分,满分5分) 14.(5分)根据短文內容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项. We live in different places. For example, some people live in the mountains, some people live in the desert (沙漠),and some people live near water. (1) The sea is blue. She likes to play on the beach with her friends. (2) The lake is very big. The water is clear. He often goes boating with his family on fine days. Sometimes he goes fishing with his father on Sundays. (3) The mountains are very high. In the summer, it's very cool there. In the winter, the mountains are all white. Jack likes to play in the snow with his sister. (4) It is very hot and dry. It doesn't get much rain. Tony likes to ride his camel all around in the desert. (5) The forest has many trees. It rains a lot there. David likes to climb the trees and play in his tree house. A.Tom lives by a lake. B.David lives in a forest. C.Mary lives near the sea. D. Tony lives in the desert. E.Jack lives in the mountains. 五、词汇运用(共11小题;每小题1分,满分15分)根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,写出空白处各单词的正确形式,每空只写一词. 15.(1分)Lots of foreigners come to China to learn Chinese c (文化). 16.(1分)I (尝试)paragliding when I was traveling in Malaysia with my parents. 17.(1分)We looked for the little girl everywhere, and (最终)we found her in the park. 18.(1分)I can't go out with you on Saturday afternoon because I must (准备)for an exam. 19.(1分)I hope that you (两个都)will do what you can to help your mother. 20.(1分)When we got to the station the train had (己经)started moving out of the station. 21.(1分)Laura tells me she (信任)me and that I can solve my problem by myself. 22.(1分)Last night we went to Blue Moon and found its service was the (最糟的)in town. 23.(1分)Now I want to give you some (劝告)on what to do at Mike's birthday party. 24.(1分)Jane likes reading American (杂志),I like American Teenager and Reader's Digest. 25.(5分)根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词限用一次. write word able again probably Da Shan can always find the most interesting roles to play. He is (1) China's most popular foreign performer. He came to China in 1988 to study Chinese culture at Beijing University. After that, he stayed in China. Although he is a foreigner, he is (2) to speak Chinese very well. He started to learn Chinese when he was studying at Toronto University. He had his own way to learn Chinese. When he met words that he didn't know, he(3) them down on small cards. But he only learned words that he met (4) in the following two weeks when he was reading, listening or talking. "It is very important to learn words that appear often," he said. "And the best way to remember new (5) is to keep using them and understand the culture behind them, or you'll forget everything quickly." 六、语法填空(共1小题;每小题10分,满分10分) 26.(10分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词或填入括号中单词的正确形式. Miss Dean is a nurse (1) she works in a big hospital in the center of the town. The hospital is the (2) (big) in town and has the best service. Of course,(3) is also the most expensive in town. It is not far from Miss Dean's home. (4) fact, it's only about half a mile away, so it's easy for her (5) (get) there. She usually goes to (6) hospital by bike and gets there in fifteen minutes. This morning Miss Dean got up a little (7) (early) than before. She wanted to go to the park near the hospital before (8) (go) to work. But she found her bike (9) (be) broken. She couldn't repair it by (10) (she). So she decided to go to work on foot. 七、书面表达(满分20分) 27.(20分)寒假就快到了,今年寒假你有哪些安排呢?请根据下面条件一篇英语短文,以便在 英语课上交流. plan StudyBy bike;travelHouseworkCook meals… 注意: 1.短文须包含图示所有信息,并适当发挥; 2.文中不得出现与你身份相关的真实信息; 3.词数80左右;开头己写好,供你选择使用. My Winter Holiday Plan Winter holiday is coming. I'd like to do something different this year. 2018-2019学年浙江省宁波市慈溪市八年级(上)期末英语试卷 参考答案与试题解析 一、听力(共三节;满分5分) 第一节:听小对话,回答问题.(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 1.【解答】略 2.【解答】略 3.【解答】略 4.【解答】略 5.【解答】略 第二节:听长对话,回答问题.(共2小题;每小题4分,满分10分) 6.【解答】略 7.【解答】略 第三节:听独白,回答问题.(共1小题;每小题10分,满分10分) 8.【解答】略 二、完形填空(共1小题;每小题15分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项. 9.【解答】1.C 动词辨析.A.赢;B买;C得到;D借; 根据But I never knew its importance until I(1)a watch from my father句意:作者收到了父亲送给他的一个表,使他变得有责任感.故选C. 2.A 动词辨析.A遇见,接;B邀请;C发送;D接受; 根据后文写到作者到那里时叔叔已经下飞机了,可知,这里应该是早上9点去机场接叔叔.故选A. 3. B 名词辨析.A.农场;B房子;C办公室;D工厂; 根据下文 taken a taxi to my father's house 打车到爸爸的房子,可知送到爸爸房子.故选择B. 4.D 连词辨析.A除非;B虽然;C在…之前;D因为;根据I forgot all about it (4)I was playing with my friends. 句意可知,由于作者和朋友玩耍,所以把去机场这件事忘记了.故选D. 5.D 动词辨析.A.看见;B. 看望; C. 发现;D.记得; 根据上下文I(5)my uncle, but I was late for him,在早上11点的时候作者记起了叔叔,但是已经晚了.故选D. 6.C 名词辨析.A公交车;B火车;C飞机;D轮船;根据上文at the airport 在机场,可知叔叔下了飞机,故选C. 7.A 动词辨析.A. 到达;B错过;C离开;D分享;根据 I (7)my father's house at 2:00 pm句意:作者在下午两点到达爸爸家.故选A. 8.A 形容词辨析.A.生气的;B奇怪的; C饿的;D放松的; 根据后句He looked at me angrily 生气地看着我,应该爸爸很生气.故选A. 9.B 代词辨析. A.所有的;B任何的,用于否定句或问句;C没有什么;D一些; 根据 He didn't say(9)for a while否定句,应该是有一阵什么也没说.故选B. 10.D 名词辨析.A项链;B钱包;C卡片;D手表;根据上文a watch from my father,可知作者的爸爸递给了他一个手表作为礼物.故选D. 11.B 介词辨析.A为..;B和…;C关于;D没有;根据上下文意思:did you have fun (11)your friends today作者的爸爸问他今天和朋友们玩的开心吗?和…故选B. 12.B 代词辨析.A.我自己;B你自己;C她自己;D他自己; 根据You should feel sorry for句意:作者的爸爸说作者今天做的很不好,应该为他的行为道歉.故选B. 13.A 名词辨析.A.抱歉;B你好;C感谢;D再见; 根据上文没有接到叔叔,这里to my uncle应该是对叔叔说抱歉.故选A 14.C 名词辨析.A.计划;B笑话;C错误;D决心;根据 I wouldn't make such a (14)again应该不会再犯错误.故选C. 15A 副词辨析. A. 从不;B经常;C总是;D有时; 根据Respect (尊重)time and(15)be late ! "应该是尊重时间,永不迟到.故选A. 三、阅读理解(共I5小题;每小题8分,满分30分)阅读下列材料,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项. 10.【解答】1.C 细节理解题.根据You have won a free four ﹣week trip to another country.你赢得了去另一个国家为期四周的免费旅行.可知四个星期.故选C. 2.B 细节理解题.根据Go to a country:Canada.可知去加拿大.故选B. 3.D 细节理解题.根据Do another two things:visit a big city; visit a science museum.做另外两件事:参观一个大城市;参观科学博物馆.可知参观一个大城市.故选D. 4.A 细节理解题.根据After the trip, you must write a report about your trip.旅行结束后,你必须写一篇关于你旅行的报告.可知马克必须在旅行后写一篇关于他旅行的报告.故选A. 11.【解答】(1)D 细节理解题. 根据第一段第一句Johnny got up at five past seven this morning. "约翰今天早上七点过五分起床."可知本句时刻表达方法是先分钟后点钟,而选项是先点钟后分钟表达时刻.表达意义相同是D项,故选D. (2)B 细节理解题.根据His parents and his little twin sisters had gone traveling in France and he had to look after himself these days. He opened the fridge, but he found nothing in it."他父母和双胞胎小妹去法国旅游,因此现在他不得不照顾自己.他打开冰箱,可是他发现里面什么也没有.".故选B. (3)A 推理判断题.根据餐馆表格价目 A.A bread ﹩1.30 B. A hamburger ﹩2.40 C. A sandwich ﹩1.80 D. An ice﹣cream ﹩2.50,可知:题目问"餐馆里最便宜的食物什么?",餐馆里面面包最便宜.故选A. (4)C 推断判断题.根据餐馆表格价目 A.an egg, a bread, an ice﹣cream and a cup of milk合计5.4美元.B.a hamburger, an egg, an ice﹣cream and a cup of milk 合计7.2美元.C.a bread, a hamburger, an egg and a cup of coffee 合计5美元.D. two eggs, a sandwich, an ice﹣cream and a cup of juice 合计6.2美元.又根据Johnny brought out his wallet and found there was only 6.50 dollars in it. "I'll buy a picture﹣book this afternoon. It's 1.50 dollars." ,他一共有6.5美元,还要花1.5美元买图画书,剩下只有5美元,最后早餐很可能吃选项C里的食物.故选C. 12.【解答】(1)C 细节理解题,根据 In America, if the teacher asks you a question but you don't understand (明白)it,you should put up your hand and ask the teacher to say it again.如果有问题不明白,应该举手让老师再说一遍.故选C. (2)B 词义猜测题,根据后文 you should take the test in one or two days after you go back to school.你应该在返回学校后一到两天内完成考试.由此猜测make﹣up test是补考的意思.故选 B. (3)A 细节理解题,根据 If you do come in late, be sure to do it quietly.Take your books out of your bag after you come into the room. Then go to your seat and sit down quietly. In the US,you needn't knock (敲)at the door before you come into the classroom.如果迟到了,确定要安静.走进教室后拿出书本,然后到座位上安静地坐下来.在美国,你没有必要再进教室之前敲门.故选A 13.【解答】(1)D.细节理解题.根据 To my surprise, my mother bought all of them for me.令我惊讶的是,我母亲为我买了所有这些.故选D. (2)D.细节理解题.根据 I was interested in four dresses, a pink one, a blue one, a yellow one and, best of all, a purple one.我对四件衣服感兴趣,一件粉红色的衣服,一件蓝色衣服,一件黄色衣服,最喜欢的是一件紫色衣服.故选D. (3)C.细节理解题.根据Later on that day, I showed my new dresses to my best friend Emily.那天晚些时候,我向我最好的朋友艾米丽展示了我的新衣服.故选C. (4)C.细节理解题.根据 When I told my mother about it,she smiled and said, "You're quite understanding.当我告诉我的母亲时,她微笑着说:"你很善解人意.故选C. 四、任务型阅读(共1小题;每小题5分,满分5分) 14.【解答】细节推理题. 1.C 根据后句The sea is blue. She likes to play on the beach with her friends.大海是蓝色的.她喜欢和她的朋友们在海滩上玩.可知结合选项,应说玛丽住在海边.故选C. 2.A 根据后句The lake is very big. The water is clear. He often goes boating with his family on fine days. Sometimes he goes fishing with his father on Sundays.这个湖很大.水是清澈的.他经常在晴天和家人去划船.有时他星期天和他父亲去钓鱼.可知结合选项,应说汤姆住在湖边.故选A. 3.E 根据后句The mountains are very high. In the summer, it's very cool there. In the winter, the mountains are all white. Jack likes to play in the snow with his sister.山很高.在夏天,那里很凉爽.在冬天,山都是白色的.杰克喜欢和他的妹妹在雪地里玩.可知结合选项,应说杰克住在山里.故选E. 4.D 根据后句It is very hot and dry. It doesn't get much rain. Tony likes to ride his camel all around in the desert.天气又热又干.雨不多.托尼喜欢在沙漠里骑骆驼.可知结合选项,应说托尼住在沙漠里.故选D. 5.B 根据后句The forest has many trees. It rains a lot there. David likes to climb the trees and play in his tree house.森林里有许多树.那里经常下雨.大卫喜欢爬树和在他的树屋玩.可知结合选项,应说大卫住在森林里.故选B. 五、词汇运用(共11小题;每小题1分,满分15分)根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,写出空白处各单词的正确形式,每空只写一词. 15.【解答】答案:culture. 根据"come to China to learn Chinese "结合给出的首字母提示c,因此可知这句话的意思是"很多外国人来中国学习中国文化."culture表示"文化"时既可数又不可数,当总称时不可数,此处指的是中国所有的文化,是总称,故填culture. 16.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:尝试,动词.英语表达是: try.时态为一般过去时,句意:当我和父母在马来西亚旅行的时候,我尝试了滑翔伞运动. 故答案为tried. 17.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:最终,副词.英语表达是:finally,句意:我们到处找那个小女孩,最后在公园里找到了她. 故答案为:finally. 18.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:准备,动词.英语表达是:prepare.放在must后面跟动词原形,句意:星期六下午我不能和你出去,因为我必须准备考试. 故答案为:prepare. 19.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:两个都,代词.英语表达是:both.句意:我希望你们两个都能尽力帮助你们的母亲. 故答案为:both. 20.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:已经,副词.英语表达是:already.句意:当我们到达车站时,火车已经开始驶出车站了. 故答案为:already. 21.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:信任.英语表达是:trust.时态为一般过去时,主语是单数,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式.句意:劳拉告诉我她信任我,我可以自己解决我的问题. 故答案为:trusts. 22.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:最糟的,形容词.英语表达是:worst.这里是最高级形式,句意:昨晚我们去了蓝月亮,发现它的服务是镇上最差的. 故答案为:worst. 23.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:劝告,名词.英语表达是:advice,不可数名词,句意:现在我想给你一些关于迈克生日聚会上该做什么的建议. 故答案为:advice. 24.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:杂志,名词.英语表达是:magazine.此处是复数形式,句意:简喜欢看美国杂志,我喜欢《美国青少年》和《读者文摘》. 故答案为magazines. 25.【解答】1. probably 考查副词, He is probably China's most popular foreign performer.他可能是中国最受欢迎的外国表演家.probably副词,可能,故填probably. 2. able 考查形容词,be able to能,会 ,Although he is a foreigner, he is able to speak Chinese very well.虽然他是一个外国人,但中文讲得很好.故填able. 3. wrote 考查动词,write down写下,根据上下文要用一般过去时,When he met words that he didn't know, he wrote them down on small cards.当他遇到他不认识的字时,他就把它们写字小卡片上.故填wrote. 4. again 考查副词,根据上下文可知他再次遇到新单词,But he only learned words that he met again in the following two weeks…在接下来的几周,他只是学校他再次遇到的新单词……故填again. 5. words 考查名词,And the best way to remember new words is to keep using them …记新单词的最后方法就是不断使用它们……故填words. 六、语法填空(共1小题;每小题10分,满分10分) 26.【解答】1.and 考查连词.根据前后两句的关系,空白处需要用and连接两个句子.Miss Dean is a nurse and she works in a big hospital in the center of the town.Miss Dean是一个护士,她在镇中心的一家大医院上班.and和,又,而且,故答案为and. 2.biggest 考查形容词最高级.根据the best service可知这里也要填big的最高级,The hospital is the biggest in town 这家医院是镇里最大的, 故答案为biggest. 3. it 考查代词.it代替前文的hospital,…it is also the most expensive in town.它也是镇里最贵的.故答案为it. 4. In 考查介词.固定短语in fact 事实上,实际上,故答案为In. 5. to get考查动词不定式.根据固定句型结构it's +adj. +for sb to do sth可知空白处填to get.故答案为to get. 6. the 考查冠词.同一个名词当它再次出现时用the 表示特指,She usually goes to the hospital by bike 她通常骑自行车去医院(特指她上班的医院).故答案为the. 7. earlier 考查副词比较级.根据关键词 than before比以前,可知空白处填比较级earlier,故答案为earlier. 8. going 考查动名词.根据句子结构,before后缺少主语,可知before这里作介词,介词之后的动词要用动名词,before going to work下班前,故答案为going. 9. was 考查一般过去时.be broken坏了,本段叙述的事都发生在过去,所以用过去式,But she found her bike was broken.但是她发现她的自行车坏了.故答案为was. 10. herself 考查反身代词.by oneself靠自己,She couldn't repair it by herself.她自己不能修理它.herself她自己.故答案为herself. 七、书面表达(满分20分) 27.【解答】My Winter Holiday Plan Winter holiday is coming. I'd like to do something different this year.(点题) I have a lot of plans. First, I will study hard ,I would like to read some English books in order to improve my English【高分句型一】. I would like to travel by bike with my friends , I will buy some presents for my family. I want to do some housework because my parents are busy every day【高分句型二】,I will cook meals,clean the room and do some washing.(具体计划) I'm sure my holiday will be full of relaxation, happiness and energy. I can't wait!(总结全文)

  • ID:4-5685308 2018-2019学年江苏省无锡市宜兴市八年级(上)期末英语试卷(有听力题及答案解析,无听力音频及材料)

    初中英语/期末专区/八年级上册

    2018-2019学年江苏省无锡市宜兴市八年级(上)期末英语试卷 一、听力部分(本大题共20分,每小题1分)第一部分听对话回答问题本部分共有10道小题,每小题你将听到一段对话,每段对话听两遍.在听每段对话前,你将有5秒钟的时间阅读题目,听完后,你仍有5秒钟的时间选择你认为最合适的备选答案.在听到“嘀”的信号后,进入下一小题. 1.(1分)What animal are they going to see next? A. B. C. 2.(1分)Where will the girl's family go this winter holiday? A. B. C. 3.(1分)What is the girl going to do first? A. B. C. 4.(1分)What does Li Lei's father do? A. B. C. 5.(1分)Whose books are these? A. Kitty's B. Sandy's C. Millie's 6.(1分)What time will Tony leave for the theatre? A.At 6:45. B.At 7:00. C.At 7:15. 7.(1分)Which is Linda's favourite season? A.Summer. B.Autumn. C. Winter. 8.(1分)What does Andrew think of his trip last Saturday? A. Terrible B. Interesting C. Comfortable 9.(1分)What will Kate do? A.Catch a cold B.Go to see a doctor. C.Go shopping 10.(1分)What will the girl probably do? A.Lend the book to Daniel. B. Give the book back to mike. C. Keep the book for another week. 第二部分听对话和短文回答问题你将听到一段对话和两篇短文,各听两遍.听每段对话或短文前,你将有时间阅读相关小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每小题你仍有5秒钟的时间选择你认为最合适的备选答案 11.(2分)(1)What foreign language is Becky learning in the school? A.Chinese. B.English. C. French. (2)What does Becky do to learn more about the country? A. Chat with friends B. Read more books C. Watch TV. 12.(3分)听第一篇短文,回答问题.请根据短文内容,选择正确答案,完成信息记录表.答题完毕,请等待"嘀"的信号,进入下一篇短文. Different reasons for keeping (1) In the past Many people one of the most (2) animals Now Children like their toys Young people like their friends Old people like their(3) (1)A.cats B.dogs C. parrots (2)A. friendly B. famous C. useful (3)A.children B.classmates C. brothers 13.(5分)(1)What did the little mouse do one day? A. He went out for a walk B. He went out to look for some food C. He went out to play with his friends (2)Why did the mouse go into the hole? A. Because he thought there was some food in it. B. Because he thought it was his friend's home. C. Because he wanted to have a rest there (3)How did the mouse feel when he saw the snake? A. Afraid B.Tired C.Surprised (4)What was the snake doing? A.It was sleeping B. It was eating C. It was moving around. (5)When did the story happen? A.On a summer morning. B.On an autumn evening. C. On a winter afternoon. 二、单项选择(本大题共15分,每小题1分)在A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项 14.(1分)At the loud noise, the hens and ducks ran away ________ all directions.( ) A.to B.on C.in D.at 15.(1分)As a member of our reading club, you should follow its______and read at least 5 books we recommend every year.( ) A.plans B.rules C.changes D.results 16.(1分)﹣﹣I like orange juice, but there is______in our fridge. Can I get some, Mum? ﹣﹣Sure, Juice is good for us.( ) A.none B.something C.nothing D.no one 17.(1分)After a week 's rest, Robins grandpa felt much______than before. He could go out for a short walk every day.( ) A.good B.better C.bad D.worse 18.(1分)﹣Nora didn't eat out or buy new clothes, what's wrong with her? ﹣Nothing to be surprised at. She is saving money to buy_____a new car.( ) A.himself B.yourself C.herself D.ourselves 19.(1分)She may be slow, but ________ she is careful and doesn't make stupid mistakes.( ) A.at first B.at last C.at least D.at most 20.(1分)He stayed up very late that night. __________ he woke up in the morning, the sun was already high up in the sky.( ) A.Until B.After C.While D.As 21.(1分)﹣﹣Have you heard of the Tangshan earthquake which happened in 1976? ﹣﹣Exactly. People______when the earthquake started. It was so terrible that 200000 people lost their lives.( ) A.were sleeping B.are sleeping C.sleep D.slept 22.(1分)The water in the river ________ three feet because it kept raining heavily for two days.( ) A.raised B.rose C.grew D.added 23.(1分)﹣George, you'd better lift the bag higher. _________, it will touch the ground. ﹣OK, I will.( ) A.Otherwise B.However C.Moreover D.Later 24.(1分)﹣﹣I'm a little hungry, Mummy. ﹣﹣See the cakes on the table? But you can only eat______Dinner will be ready soon.( ) A.it B.that C.one D.this 25.(1分)Which of the following words is NOT a compound(合成词)word?( ) A.toothache B.weekend C.meaningful D.blackboard 26.(1分)﹣ ﹣What do the letters NBA______? ﹣﹣It's short for National Basketball Association. It's the dream of every basketball player.( ) A.stand for B.ask for C.look for D.cheer for 27.(1分)It's reported that the Chinese White Dolphins have_____living areas. Instead, the number of fishing boats in Yangtse River is getting_____.( ) A.less and less; more B.fewer and fewer; larger C.fewer and fewer; more D.more and more; larger 28.(1分)﹣ We are going to have a party this Saturday. Would you like to come? ﹣ ________! I have another one that day. Thank you all the same.( ) A.What fun it is! B.What a surprise C.What a pity D.What a great time 三、完形填空(本大题共10分,每小题10分)通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后在每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入相应空白处的最佳选项. 29.(10分)Henry Bond was about ten years old when his father died. His mother found it difficult to provide(1) for such a large family. But she made it and also(2) Henry, the oldest, to school, and provided him with as many books as he needed. At one time, Henry(3) a grammar (语法) in order to join a class, and his mother didn't have enough money to buy it. He was very(4) about it, and went to bed with a heavy heart,(5) about what he could do. On waking in the morning, he found that a deep snow had fallen, and the cold wind was blowing strongly. "Ah," said he, "it is an ill wind that blows (6) good." He got up, ran to the house of a neighbour, and offered his service (服务) to(7) a path around his house. His neighbour accepted the offer. Having completed this work and received his (8) , he went to another, until he made enough money to buy the book. When school began, Henry was in his seat, the (9) boy there, ready to begin the lesson in his new book. From that time, Henry was always the (10) in all his classes. He knew no such word as fail, but always succeeded (成功). With a strong will (意志), he always found the way to success. (1)A. support B. food C. house D. clothes (2)A. took B. drove C. sent D. invited (3)A. bought B. wanted C. learned (4)A. excited B. bored C. amazed D. sad (5)A. knowing B. thinking C. asking D. understanding (6)A. nobody B. somebody C. anybody D. everybody (7)A. cover B. follow C. clear D. pass (8)A. pay B. grammar C. gift D. book (9)A. cleverest B. richest C. best D. happiest (10)A. first B. last C. most D. hardest 四、阅读理解(本大题共20分,每小题6分)阅读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选择最佳选项. 30.(6分)Mrs. Hill was very interested in singing. She had a very good voice, but some of her high notes(高音) sounded like an axle(车轴) without enough oil. Mrs. Hill knew this well, and tried her best to practice the highest notes. As she didn't want to trouble the other members of her family, she usually went for long walks along the roads to practice her high notes there. Mrs. Hill was a shy woman. Once she saw a car or a person coming along the road, she would stop and wait until they passed. One afternoon, a fast red car came up behind her. It was going so fast that she didn't hear it until it was only a few meters from her. She was singing some of her highest notes at the time As the car went past her, she saw a strange look come over the driver's face. The driver stopped his car and got out of it. He began to look carefully at all his tires(轮胎 )to see if there was something wrong with them. Mrs. Hill didn't want to tell him what the noise was. Later he got back into his car and drove off confusedly(困惑的). (1)What does the underlined(划线的) sentence mean in Paragraph1? A.Mrs. Hill had a good voice B. Mrs Hill was good at singing. C. Mrs. Hill was interested in high notes D. Mrs Hill needed to practice her high notes (2)Why did the driver stop his car and get out of it? A. He didn't feel very well. B. He heard a strange noise. C. He heard a woman singing badly. D. He wanted to have a talk with Mrs hill. (3)What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. Mrs. Hill was no longer too shy to sing in front of others. B. There was something wrong with the man's tires. C. Mrs Hill was still poor at singing high notes. D. The driver was interested in singing too. 31.(6分)We're sitting too much and it's dangerous. Most Americans spend more than seven hours sitting every day, and the more you sit, the weaker your body will be. Fortunately, there are easy changes you can make during the day﹣﹣anywhere, even at the workplace﹣ to improve(改善)your health. Park a few blocks away from the office each morning and walk to work. This allows you to start off your mornings actively and be ready to take on the work. If you take the bus, get off one stop earlier to take some light exercise before 8 a.m. Stand up and move around the office once every 60﹣90 minutes. When you're busy with work, it's easy to forget the time. Set the alarm clock to remind (提醒) you to stand up and take a walk around the office. You can use this time to fill up your water bottle or go to the bathroom. Ask questions and discuss questions face to face. Go to your workmate's office to discuss questions face to face instead of sending an e﹣mail every time you have a question. This gives you a good excuse(借口)to move. Use your lunch break to move around outside. So many Americans today work during their lunch break. When possible, make full use of this time to walk outside and enjoy the nice weather. Fresh air can help you keep a clear mind. (1)What does the underline word"Fortunately "in Paragraph I mean? A. Surprisingly. B. Interestingly. C. Luckily. D.Possibly. (2)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.Few Americans spend more than seven hours sitting every day. B.We should walk around every 60﹣90 minutes during the work. C. We should discuss questions face to face during the lunch break. D.We should e﹣mail our workmates every time we have questions. (3)What does the passage want to tell us? A. Some ways to improve your health. B. The importance of taking exercise. C. Dangerous results of sitting too much. D. Some ways to get along with others. 32.(8分)Think about you are walking through the woods and you see a small dog. It looks cute and friendly. You move up to pet the dog. Suddenly it barks and tries to bite you. The dog no longer seems cute and you feel afraid and possibly angry. Then, as the wind blows, the leaves on the ground are carried away and you see the dog has one of its legs caught in a trap. Now, you take pity on the dog. You know it becomes unfriendly because it is in pain(疼痛). We all judge (判断)others all the time. It might be over small things, like a workmate who spends too long on a lunch break. Or it might be over bigger ones, such as a person who hurts our feelings. There are many reasons why we judge others. It is human nature to find a way to live through hard times. When we see a dog(or a person)that might bite us, of course we feel afraid. We become nervous, want to fight back and are unable to see the possible reasons for others' action. It's common(平常的)to judge others, but try to catch yourself before you speak, for you can't get your words back. Make a short stop. After all, like that dog in the trap, we really don' t know the reasons for someone's action. When someone disagrees with us or makes our life difficult, remember that it's usually not about us. It may be about their own pain or struggle(挣扎). Why not let others say something for themselves? "You can never understand the pain of a person enough. "said Will Smith, "because to be honest,everyone is struggling.Some people are better at hiding it than others." (1)Why does the writer talk about the dog in Paragraph 1? A. To describe the qualities of the dog. B. To give an example to show his ideas. C. To share a good story with the readers. D. To tell the readers to have pity on the dog. (2)According to the writer, we should judge others . A. over small things B. from others' action C. over bigger things D. by the real reasons (3)What can we learn from the passage? A. We don' t need to care about others' pain. B. We can always understand the pain of a person. C. Never think others' pain is smaller than it really is. D. We can get our words back if we think carefully before we speak. (4)What is the best title of the passage? A. Think Twice Before You Judge. B. Too Late to Judge. C. The Best Way to Judge. D. Have a Reason to Judge. 五、词汇运用(本大题共8分,每小题1分)(A)根据句意和汉语注释,写出单词的正确形式 33.(1分)What an (糟糕的)day ! We have to wear masks because of the heavy fog and smoke. 34.(1分)We should work hard on (工作日) and have a good rest at weekends. 35.(1分)You spell these words wrong again! Can you see them on the blackboard (清楚地)? 36.(1分)I' m surprised to know that shaking heads (意思是)"Yes" in some countries. (B)根据句意,用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空 37.(1分)Mark was (主要地) interested in sport at school, playing baseball as well as soccer. 38.(1分)We only eat (nature)vegetables that we grow ourselves in our garden. 39.(1分)As a (tour), you must not only protect the environment but also follow local cultures. 40.(1分)His bike (break) down on the way to school this morning, so he was late for school. 六、动词填空(本大题共8分,每小题1分)用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空 41.(1分)Oh, my God ! I (leave) my English book at home. Can I share yours, Millie? 42.(1分)I think you'd better (discuss) the problem with your parents or your teachers. 43.(1分)Jack with his three classmates (work) hard on the project when the power was suddenly off. 44.(1分)Don' t wait for others to make the first move: invite friends (visit)you. 45.(1分)Simon is crazy about computer games and (spend) 80 percent of his pocket money on them. 46.(1分)It's easy to find the library. Go straight on, and you (see)it next to a big bookshop. 47.(1分)﹣You look so nervous,what's wrong? ﹣I went to a job interview (面试) yesterday and I (wait) for the result. 48.(1分) (chat) on WeChat is more popular than writing letters to each other now. 七、阅读填空(本大题共5分,每小题5分)先通读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在文章后表格的空格内填入一个最恰当的单词.每个空格只能填一个单词. 49.(5分)先通读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在文章后表格的空格内填入一个最恰当的单词.每个空格只能填一个单词. In the USA, there are many kinds of restaurants. Fast food restaurants are very famous. You can find McDonald's and Kentucky Fried Chicken in many countries around the world. You look at a menu on the front desk, and say what you'd like to eat. You pay the person who brings food to you. You take your food and sit down or take it away.There's no need to leave a tip(小费) In coffee shops, you can choose any free table you like. You don't wait for the waitress to show you where to sit. She usually brings you coffee when you sit down. You tell her what you'd like to eat and she brings it to you. You pay the bill (账单)as you leave. In family restaurants, the waitress leads you to your table. Often the waitress tells you her name,but you don' t need to tell her yours. If you can't finish eating everything, your waitress gives you a bag to take the rest of food home. You should add fifteen per cent to the bill as a tip. In top class restaurants, you had better order before you come, and you need to arrive on time. The waiter shows you where to sit. If there is wine there, he may ask you to taste it. You can only refuse(拒绝)it if it tastes bad. When you get your bill, check it and then add fifteen to twenty per cent to it as a tip for the waiter. The Restaurants in the USA What you can do Tips Fast food restaurants You can look at the menu and then order your food.You can enjoy your food in the restaurant or take it away. You can leave the restaurant(1) a tip. In coffee shops After(2) down at a table, the waitress will bring you coffee. You pay the cashier as you Leave. In familyrestaurants The waitress shows you (3) you can sit.She tells you her name,but you needn't tell her yours.You can take away the rest of food If your bill is $100, your tip is $(4) In top classrestaurants You had better book first, but don't be(5) .you can refuse the wine if it doesn't taste good If your bill is $ 200, you can give the waiter a tip from $ 30 to $ 40. 八、完成句子(本大题共9分,每小题1.5分)按所给的汉语,用英语完成下列句子,第1-3题,每空0.5分,第46题,每小题1.5分. 50.(1.5分)澳大利亚领土面积约为770万平方公里. Australia about 7,700,000 square kilometres. 51.(1.5分)卫生间的淋浴器坏了.我爸爸正在装一个新的. There was something wrong with the shower in the bathroom. My father a new one now. 52.(1.5分)随着气温的下降,鸟儿们数周以前就准备飞往南方过冬了. the many birds prepared to fly south for the winter weeks ago. 53.(1.5分)为了找到出路,他们尝试了一切办法. ,they tried every way they could think of. 54.(1.5分)政府已经立法保护处境危险的野生动物了. The government wild animals in danger 55.(1.5分)由于地面潮湿,爷爷差点摔倒. My grandpa nearly the wet ground. 九、书面表达(本大题共5分) 56.(5分)假如你是 Helen,在网上看到了 Wildlife Protection Club(保护野生动物俱乐部)招募成员 的广告.请认真阅读下面的广告内容,并根据提示,用英语写一封信给俱乐部主席,申请加入 该俱乐部 Wildlife Protection Club MembersJob duty:Animals are facing serious problems in the wild. Our club is now inviting you to join us protect them.We should do everything we can to prevent humans from hurting or even killing them.Responsibility:Study the wildlifeProtect the living areas of animais in the wildHelp people understand the importance of wildlife Your information (1)Who are you?(a student, Grade 8)(2)What're you like?( patient, helpful﹣.)(3)What's your hobby? like animals.)(4)Why would you like to join the club?(5)How to contact(联系)you?(TEl:0510﹣8555868;e﹣mail:Helen@163.com) 注意事项:(1)申请信须包括所有要点,可适当发挥,要求语句通顺、意思连贯; (2)词数在80个左右,信的首尾已给出,不计入总词数 (3)文中不得透露真实的人名、校名等相关信息. Dear Mr Chairperson Dear Mr Chairperson I read about Wildlife Protection Club yesterday. I am looking forward to hearing from you. Yours sincerely, Helen 2018-2019学年江苏省无锡市宜兴市八年级(上)期末英语试卷 参考答案与试题解析 一、听力部分(本大题共20分,每小题1分)第一部分听对话回答问题本部分共有10道小题,每小题你将听到一段对话,每段对话听两遍.在听每段对话前,你将有5秒钟的时间阅读题目,听完后,你仍有5秒钟的时间选择你认为最合适的备选答案.在听到“嘀”的信号后,进入下一小题. 1.【解答】略 2.【解答】略 3.【解答】略 4.【解答】略 5.【解答】略 6.【解答】略 7.【解答】略 8.【解答】略 9.【解答】略 10.【解答】略 第二部分听对话和短文回答问题你将听到一段对话和两篇短文,各听两遍.听每段对话或短文前,你将有时间阅读相关小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每小题你仍有5秒钟的时间选择你认为最合适的备选答案 11.【解答】略 12.【解答】略 13.【解答】略 二、单项选择(本大题共15分,每小题1分)在A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项 14.【解答】to"到、向、朝…方向";in"在…之内";on 在…时候、在…之上";at"在、以、向、达",四者都是介词.因 in all directions"向四面八方",由题干"听到喧闹声,母鸡和鸭子向四面八方跑去. "可知,空格是"向"用in ,因此答案应是in. 故选:C. 15.【解答】根据句意: 作为我们读书俱乐部的一员,你应该遵循它的规则,每年至少读5本我们推荐的书. 结合选项,A.计划 B.规则 C.改变 D.结构,可知选项B符合题意. 故选:B. 16.【解答】本题考查不定代词的区别,none可指没有人或没有物,特指,something可指某些事物,nothing指没有某事或某物,泛指,no one指没有人.根据句意得知冰箱里没有上一句提的橘汁,所以是特指. 故选:A. 17.【解答】根据句意:经过一个星期的休息,Robins 爷爷觉得 比以前好多了.他可以每天出去散步.可知much修饰比较级;有He could go out for a short walk every day变得更好. 故选:B. 18.【解答】本题考查不定代词的用法,词组 buy oneself sth意为给某人自己买某物,句子主语是she,所以题中应用buy herself a new car. 故选:C. 19.【解答】根据句意:她可能很慢,但是至少她很细心,不会犯愚蠢的错误.结合选项,A.首先 B. 最后 C.至少 D.至多,选项C符合题意. 故选:C. 20.【解答】A.直到 B.在…之后 C.当…时 D.当…时,根据He stayed up very late that night. __________ he woke up in the morning, the sun was already high up in the sky,可推出句意:那天晚上他熬夜到很晚.当他早晨醒来,太阳已经高高在上了.while引导延续性动词,不合题意. 故选:D. 21.【解答】根据句意: ﹣你听说过1976年发生的唐山地震吗? ﹣很准确的知道.地震发生的时候,人们正在睡觉.太可怕了,20万人失去了生命. 可知when引导一般过去时的时间状语从句,主句用过去进行时were/was+doing,表示过去某个动作正在进行. 故选:A. 22.【解答】考查动词.A提升(常包含人为因素).B上涨(自然因素).C成长.D增加.结合语境"河水__了三英尺,因为连续下了两天大雨"可知,应该是"上涨",表示自然因素,用rise的过去式rose. 故选:B. 23.【解答】考查副词词义辨析.A.Otherwise否则;B.However然而;C.Moreover而且;D.Later后来.根据you'd better lift the bag higher. _________, it will touch the ground.可知应说你最好把袋子举高一点.否则,它会接触地面. 故选:A. 24.【解答】本题考查指示代词,it意思是它,one意思是一个,this意思是这个,that意思是那个.根据句意有一些蛋糕,但你只能吃一个,因为晚饭不久就好了. 故选:C. 25.【解答】根据题干要求" 下面哪个词不是合成词?",结合选项,可知选项A.tooth+ache=toothache B.week+end=下面哪个词不是合成词?D.black+board=blackboard,都是合成词,只有C不是.、 故选:C. 26.【解答】根据句意:﹣字母NBA代表什么意思?﹣它是国家篮球协会的简称.这是每个篮球运动员的梦想.结合选项,A.象征,代表 B.请求 C.寻找 D.为…欢呼,选项A符合题意. 故选:A. 27.【解答】根据句意:据报道,中国白海豚生活区域越累月少.相反,在长江的渔船数量正在变得越来越多.可知野生动物的生活区域越来越少,由于area表示区域是可数名词,故用few; the number of fishing boats 是指渔船的数量,用large. 故选:B. 28.【解答】What fun it is这是多么有趣;What a surprise多么令人吃惊;What a great time多开心啊.从I have another one that day判断前面说的是真可惜,用what a pity. 故选:C. 三、完形填空(本大题共10分,每小题10分)通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后在每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入相应空白处的最佳选项. 29.【解答】1.A,考查名词,根据Henry Bond was about ten years old when his father died父亲去世了,所以母亲独自支撑家庭很难度,A支持,B食物,C房子,D衣服,故选A. 2.C,考查动词,根据to school去学校,所以是送他去学校,A带着,B驾驶,C送,send sb to school送…去学校,D邀请,故选C. 3.B,考查动词,根据his mother didn't have enough money to buy it母亲买不起,所以是想要一本语法书,A带来,B想要,C学习,D保持,故选B. 4.D,考查形容词,根据his mother didn't have enough money to buy it母亲买不起,所以是伤心的,A兴奋,B无聊的,C吃惊的,D伤心的,故选D. 5.B,考查动词,根据what he could do能做什么,所以是想着能做什么来凑钱,A知道,B想,C询问,D理解,故选B. 6.A,考查代词,根据it is an ill wind that blows…可知是固定搭配it is an ill wind that blows nobody good表示没有绝对的坏事,故选A. 7.C,考查动词,根据a path around his house房子周边的道路,因为雪很厚,所以是清理一条路,A覆盖,B遵循,C清理,D通过,故选C. 8.A,考查名词,根据 until he made enough money to buy the book直到赚到所有的钱,所以是得到自己的报酬,A薪水,B语法,C礼物,D书籍,故选A. 9.D,考查形容词,根据ready to begin the lesson in his new book准备上课,使用的是新书,由此可知是高兴的,出现冠词the,用最高级,A最聪明,B最富有,C最好的,D最高兴的,故选D. 10.A,考查名词,根据He knew no such word as fail, but always succeeded一直以来都没有失败过,所以是班上的第一,A第一,B最后,C大多数,D最硬的,故选A. 四、阅读理解(本大题共20分,每小题6分)阅读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选择最佳选项. 30.【解答】(1)D.细节理解题.根据She had a very good voice, but some of her high notes(高音) sounded like an axle(车轴) without enough oil.Mrs. Hill knew this well, and tried her best to practice the highest notes.她的声音非常好,但她的一些高音听起来就像一个没有足够油的车轴. 希尔很清楚这一点,并尽力练习最高音.故选D. (2)B.细节理解题.根据The driver stopped his car and got out of it. He began to look carefully at all his tires(轮胎 )to see if there was something wrong with them. Mrs. Hill didn't want to tell him what the noise was. 司机停了车,然后下了车. 他开始仔细查看他的所有轮胎(轮胎),看看他们是否有问题. 希尔夫人不想告诉他噪音是什么.可知司机是因为听到了奇怪的声音.故选B. (3)C.推理判断题.根据 Mrs. Hill didn't want to tell him what the noise was. Later he got back into his car and drove off confusedly(困惑的).希尔夫人不想告诉他噪音是什么. 后来他又回到了他的车里,困惑地开走了.可知希尔太太仍然很不擅长唱高音.故选C. 31.【解答】(1)C.细节理解题.根据 Most Americans spend more than seven hours sitting every day, and the more you sit, the weaker your body will be. Fortunately, there are easy changes you can make during the day﹣﹣anywhere, even at the workplace﹣ to improve(改善)your health.大多数美国人每天坐的时间超过七小时,坐的越多,身体就会越弱. Fortunately,可以在白天轻松改变 ﹣ 即使在工作场所 ﹣ 也可以改善你的健康状况.可知Fortunately是幸运的意思.故选C. (2)B.细节理解题.根据Stand up and move around the office once every 60﹣90 minutes.每隔60﹣90分钟站立并在办公室内移动一次.故选B. (3)A.主旨大意题.根据 Fortunately, there are easy changes you can make during the day﹣﹣anywhere, even at the workplace﹣ to improve(改善)your health.幸运的是,你可以在白天轻松改变 ﹣ 即使在工作场所 ﹣ 也可以改善你的健康状况.可知本文主要是在介绍一些可以改善健康的方法.故选A. 32.【解答】(1)B 细节理解题,根据第二段开头We all judge (判断)others all the time.我们都一直在判断其他人.可知第一段是为了用一个例子来引出作者的观点.故选B. (2)D 细节理解题,根据原文, It's common(平常的)to judge others, but try to catch yourself before you speak这样去判断别人很正常,但是要设法在你说话前搞懂你自己, After all, like that dog in the trap, we really don' t know the reasons for someone's action.毕竟,就像那条困住了的狗,我们真正地不知道某人的行为的原因.可知要通过真正的原因来去判断别人.故选D. (3)C 细节理解题,根据原文 "You can never understand the pain of a person enough. "said Will Smith. Will Smith说,你可能永远不会足够地理解一个人的痛苦.故选C. (4)A 细节理解题,根据原文When someone disagrees with us or makes our life difficult, remember that it's usually not about us. It may be about their own pain or struggle(挣扎). Why not let others say something for themselves? "You can never understand the pain of a person enough,当某人不同意我们或者让我们的生活艰难的时候,记住很正常的是那不是关于我们的,它可能关于他们自己的痛苦或者挣扎,为什么不让其他人为他们自己说些什么呢?你从来都无法足够了解一个人的痛苦,可知要三思后再作出判断.故选A. 五、词汇运用(本大题共8分,每小题1分)(A)根据句意和汉语注释,写出单词的正确形式 33.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:糟糕的,形容词.前面冠词是an,英语表达是:awful.句意:多么糟糕的一天啊!因为大雾和烟,我们不得不戴上口罩. 故答案为:awful. 34.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:工作日.英语表达是weekday,这里用名词复数. 故答案为weekdays. 35.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:清楚地,副词.英语表达是:clearly.句意:你又把这些字拼错了!在黑板上你能看清它们吗? 故答案为:clearly. 36.【解答】根据句意:我很惊讶的了解到,在一些国家摇头意思是"同意".可知考查动词mean"意思是",时态为一般现在时,动名词作主语,谓语动词用三单式. 故答案为:means. (B)根据句意,用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空 37.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:主要地.英语表达是mainly,副词. 故答案为mainly. 38.【解答】根据句意:我们只吃我们在花园里自己种植的天然的蔬菜.可知考查:nature的形容词形式natural. 故答案为:natural. 39.【解答】根据句意:作为一个游客,你不仅要保护环境,还要遵循当地的文化.可知考查:tour的名词形式tourist,此处是单数形式. 故填:tourist. 40.【解答】根据句意:今天早上在去学校的路上他的自行车坏了,所以他上学迟到了.由this morning可知时态为一般过去时. 故填:broke. 六、动词填空(本大题共8分,每小题1分)用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空 41.【解答】根据句意:哦,我的上帝! 我把我的英语书落在家里了.我可以合用你的吗, Millie?可知时态为一般过去时. 故答案为:left. 42.【解答】根据句意:我认为你最好与你的父母或你的老师讨论一下这个问题.可知考查:had better do sth最好做某事. 故填:discuss. 43.【解答】根据句意:当电源突然关闭时,杰克和他的三位同学正在努力研究这个项目时.可知时态为过去进行时were/was+doing,with his three classmates是伴随状语,主语是Jack. 故填:was working. 44.【解答】根据句意:不要等别人先行动,邀请朋友来拜访你.可知考查:invite sb to do sth邀请某人做某事. 故答案为:to visit. 45.【解答】根据句意:西蒙对电脑游戏很着迷,他80%的零花钱都花在上面了.可知时态为一般现在时,主语是三单式. 故填:spends. 46.【解答】根据句意:很容易找到图书馆.直着走,你会看到它在一家大书店的旁边.可知时态为一般将来时will+动词原形. 故答案为:will see. 47.【解答】根据句意:﹣你看起来很紧张,怎么了?﹣我昨天去面试了,我正在等结果.可知时态为现在进行时be+doing,主语I用am. 故填:am waiting. 48.【解答】此题根据语境:现在微信聊天比写信更受欢迎.动词ing做主语,chat 聊天, 故答案是:Chatting. 七、阅读填空(本大题共5分,每小题5分)先通读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在文章后表格的空格内填入一个最恰当的单词.每个空格只能填一个单词. 49.【解答】1.without.考查细节理解题..根据There's no need to leave a tip (小费).没有必要给小费.可知你可以离开餐馆,不需要付小费.without没有,故填:without. 2.sitting.考查细节理解题..根据In coffee shops, you can choose any free table you like. You don't wait for the waitress to show you where to sit. She usually brings you coffee when you sit down. 在咖啡馆里,你坐在柜台或桌旁.你不用等服务员告诉你该坐在哪里.她通常在你坐下的时候给你端咖啡.可知在家庭餐厅,服务员会带你到你的桌子前.可知坐在柜台或桌子上后,服务员会给你端咖啡来.after doing sth.做某事之后,动词要用动名词,故填:sitting. 3.where.考查细节理解题..根据In family restaurants, the waitress leads you to your table.在家庭餐馆里,女服务员会带你带到你的桌前.可知服务员把你带到你可以坐的地方.故填:where. 4. 15 考查细节理解题..根据You should add fifteen per cent to the bill as a tip.你应该在账单上加上15%作为小费.可知如果你的账单是100美元,你的小费是15美元.故填:15. 5.late.考查细节理解题..根据In top class restaurants, you had better order before you come, and you need to arrive on time.在高级餐厅,您来之前最好先点餐,而且您需要准时到达.可知你最好先点菜,但不要迟到.故填:late. 八、完成句子(本大题共9分,每小题1.5分)按所给的汉语,用英语完成下列句子,第1-3题,每空0.5分,第46题,每小题1.5分. 50.【解答】有…面积have an area of…,固定短语;根据句意"澳大利亚领土面积约为770万平方公里"可知,要用一般现在时,主语是三单,谓语动词用三单形式. 故答案为has an area of. 51.【解答】安装install,动词;根据句意"卫生间的淋浴器坏了.我爸爸正在装一个新的"可知,要用现在进行时. 故答案为:is installing. 52.【解答】随着as,引导时间状语从句,气温temperature,下降drop;根据句意"随着气温的下降,鸟儿们数周以前就准备飞往南方过冬了"可知,要用一般过去时. 故答案为:As,temperature dropped. 53.【解答】为了in order to,找到出路find a way out;根据句意"为了找到出路,他们尝试了一切办法"可知,要用不定式做目的状语. 故答案为In order to find a way out. 54.【解答】制定法律make laws,固定短语,保护protect;根据句意"政府已经立法保护处境危险的野生动物了"可知,要用现在完成时,to protect wild animals in danger是不定式作目的状语. 故答案为:has made laws to protect. 55.【解答】摔倒fall,由于because of;根据句意"由于地面潮湿,爷爷差点摔倒"可知,要用一般过去时. 故答案为fell because of. 九、书面表达(本大题共5分) 56.【解答】Dear Mr Chairperson, I read about Wildlife Protection Club yesterday,and I would like to join the Wildlife Protection Club.【开头点明主题】 I am a student in Grade 8 at Sunshine Secondary School. I am very hard﹣working and helpful. I love playing basketball and travelling. I loved animals when I was very young. 【高分句型一】I would like to learn more about animals. And I hope to do something for animals.【正文部分详细介绍自己】 I will be very happy if I can be a member of your club.【高分句型二】 Please call me at 0510﹣8555868 or e﹣mail:Helen@163.com.I am looking forward to hearing from you. 【结尾紧扣主题】 Yours sincerely, Helen

  • ID:4-5685306 2018-2019学年安徽省蚌埠市八年级(上)期末英语试卷(有听力题及答案解析,无听力音频及材料)

    初中英语/期末专区/八年级上册

    2018-2019学年安徽省蚌埠市八年级(上)期末英语试卷(译林版) 一、第一部分听力(共五大题,满分2.5分)I关键词语选择(共5小题;每小题0. 5分,满分2. 5分)你将听到五个句子,请在每小题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一个你听到的单词或短语.每 个句子读两遍. 1.(.5分)A. made of B. out of C. out off 2.(.5分)A. choose B. you C. chose 3.(.5分)A. rain B. too C. have to 4.(.5分)A. Its B. classroom C. class 5.(.5分)A. bet B. bat C. bit II.短对话理解(共10小题;每小题0. 5分,满分5.0分)你将听到十段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,请在每小题后所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一 个最佳选项.每段对话读两遍. 6.(.5分)What clothes will peter wear to the party? A.T ﹣ shirt. B. Jeans. C. T ﹣ shirt and jeans. 7.(.5分)Why is the man so tired? A. Because the TV show was so in teresting. B.Because he didn' t go to bed. C. Because he went to bed too late. 8.(.5分)What will the man buy in the market? A. Some fruits. B. Juice. C. Apples. 9.(.5分)What is Tony's father? A. A reporter. B. A teacher. C. A doctor. 10.(.5分)What will Billy do today ? A. Prepare for an exam. B. Go swimming. C. Have an exam. 11.(.5分)What does Danny have for breakfast ? A. Soup. B. Noodles. C. Cakes. 12.(.5分)Who can make popcorn ? A. Li Ming. B. Liu Hong. C. Uncle Wang. 13.(.5分)What will the boy do today ? A. Hang out. B. Do homework. C. Go shopping. 14.(.5分)What kind of lesson will Emma have this morning ? A. Maths. B. Piano. C.PE. 15.(.5分)Why is Jeff sad ? A. Because he is ill. B. Because he has problems with his parents. C. Because he is talking with his parents. III.长对话理解(共2小题;每小题0. 5分,满分2. 5分)你将听到两段对话,每段对话后有几个小题.请在每小题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一 个最佳选项.每段对话读两遍.听下面一段对话,回答第16、17小题. 16.(1分)(1)When was the Sports Day of Li JunJ s school? A. Last Sunday. B. Last Friday C. Last Saturday. (2)What sport did Li Jun take part in? A. Volleyball. B. Basketball. C. Swimming. 17.(1.5分)(1)What's this dialogue about? A. How to read a book. B.How to take a book away from the library C. How to find a book. (2)Where will the girl buy a library card ? A. At the service window. B. In the classroom. C. In the teacher' s office. (3)What is the last thing the boy tell the girl ? A. Do her homework. B. Read more books. C. Keep quiet in the library IV.短文理解(共1小题;每小题5分,满分5分)你将听到一篇短文,短文后有5个小题.请根据短文内容,在每小题所给的A、B、C三个选项 中选出一个最佳选项.短文读两遍. 18.(5分)(1)How many classmates plan to have a meal? A.4. B. 3. C.5 (2)When will they have a meal? A. Sunday evening. B. Saturday evening. C. Friday evening. (3)Which restaurant is most expensive ? A. Sea House. B. Hometown Restaurant C. Friends Restaurant. (4)How many times does Miller eat at Friends Restaurant a month ? A. Twice. B. 3 times. C. Once. (5)Which restaurant will they go after discussion ? A. Sea House. B. Hometown Restaurant. C. Friends Restaurant. V.信息转换(共1小题;每小题5分,满分5分)你将听到一篇短文.请根据短文内容,写出下面表格中所缺的单词,每空填一词.短文读 两遍. 19.(5分)听篇短文.请根据短文内容,写出下面表格中所缺的单词,每空填一词. The square dancing(1) guang chang wu is very popular with old Chinese people. We canoften see them dancing in the (2) air in the city. Do you like this or not ? Different people have different ideas. Wang Jun is (3) China. He says, "Many people don ' t like square dancing because it (4) too much noise. So they want to stop it. But I think if these old people dance in right places and the sound could be (5) , it will not be a problem. "Jenny is from the UK. She says, "Square dancing is old people's way of doing exercise. And they are having a good time while they' re doing it. I love it. It's great. I hope they can go on with it. " 二、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项. 20.(1分)﹣﹣ Which word can describe (描写)people ' s personality (品质)? ﹣﹣________.( ) A.Beautiful B.Honest C.Pretty D.Good ﹣ looking 21.(1分)When she feels________,I talk to her and make her happy.( ) A.bored or unhappy B.boring or happy C.bored or happy D.boring or unhappy 22.(1分)Lucy looks___________of all the girls here. We all like her smile.( ) A.the most beautifully B.the most happily C.the most politely D.the most friendly 23.(1分)I saw a number of pancakes in the plate,but now there is__________left in it.( ) A.none B.something C.nothing D.no one 24.(1分)﹣﹣﹣Can you tell me how to make the toy train run? ﹣﹣﹣Why not read the _________yourself?I'm busy now.( ) A.story B.instruction C.information D.report 25.(1分)Would you please pass me the ________?I'd like to cut the paper into halves.( ) A.rope B.glue C.tape D.scissors 26.(1分)﹣﹣I'm really________before the final exam. ﹣﹣﹣Don't worry. I believe you can do better this time.( ) A.surprised B.nervous C.comfortable D.patient 27.(1分)You must be very tired. Why not________a rest?( ) A.stop taking B.stop to take C.to stop taking D.to stop to take 28.(1分)Taiwan is ________ the east of China and Japan is________ the east of Chian.( ) A.in,in B.in,to C.to,in D.to,to 29.(1分)﹣What does your brother look like?____.( ) A.He is a little shy. B.He is tall. C.He likes dancing. D.He is a doctor. 30.(1分)The students in Class 5 work much harder than__________in Class 8.( ) A.that B.this C.those D.these 31.(1分)Don't waste water.Water is very important and no one can live __________ it.( ) A.without B.with C.except D.besides 32.(1分)It's reported that the sea water _________ a lot of things, such as houses,cars and so on when the tsunami(海啸)came.( ) A.put away B.threw away C.washed away D.took away 33.(1分)________is not a natural disaster.( ) A.Earthquake B.Flood C.Car accident D.Storm 34.(1分)﹣﹣______will the train ____? ﹣﹣In ten minutes.( ) A.How often,arrive in B.How soon,arrive C.How long,reach D.How soon,get to 三、完形填空(共1小题;每小题1. 5分,满分15分)阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项. 35.(15分)When I was a little child,I was afraid of ghosts. One evening,I (1) to see a film(2) my brother. When the film was over, it was already very (3) . When we were (4) our way home, my brother walked in front of me. We chatted about the film all the (5) . When we walked along a river, suddenly,something "jumped"into the river and made a big (6) . When I(7) this,I was very frightened and thought it must be a ghost. I started torn as fast (8) I could. Of course I forgot my brother. "(9) happened and where is your brother?"my father asked. I told him everything. At the same time my brother arrived home. He laughed and said," (10) fast you ran! But that was only a big stone falling into the river. " (1)A. went B. go C.goes D.will go (2)A. without B. next to C. together D. with (3)A. later B. late C. early D. earlier (4)A. on B. in C. by D. to (5)A. way B. route C. road D. path (6)A. whisper B. shout C. voice D. noise (7)A. looked B. found C. heard D. listened (8)A. and B. than C. like D. as (9)A. Why B. What C. Where D. When (10)A. How B. What C. How a D. What a 四、阅读理解(共两大题,满分30分)阅读理解(共3小题;每小题10分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中选出最佳选项. 36.(10分)People like to give gifts to others on big days. Do you know how to choose gifts? You should choose gifts that your family or friends like. Different gifts are for different people. For example,boys often like to play with robots , toy guns and balls. And girls may like something lovely , like flowers , dolls and beautiful clothes. Of course, you don ' t need to choose something expensive. Your feeling is more important than money. There is a Chinese saying,"A small gift means far much. " (1)The word" big" in the first sentence means" ". A. beautiful B.interesting C.important D.sunny (2)When you buy your friend a gift,you should choose something that . A. you like B.he or she enjoys C.is expensive D.is verybig (3)Michael wants to buy a birthday gift for his sister,he may choose a . A. teddy bear B.basketball C.water gun D.robot (4)What does the underlined sentence mean in Chinese? A.礼多人不怪 B.心有灵犀一点通 C.礼轻情谊重 D.来而不往非礼也 (5)Which is the best title for the passage? A. Everyone needs gifts. B. Where to expensive gifts. C. The meanings of gifts. D. How to choose a gift. 37.(10分)Mr Smith is a teacher of English. He comes from America. He teaches English in China. He speaks Chinese quite well. He reads a lot of books and his wife often writes books for the students at home. Mr Smith gets up at five in the morning. He leaves home at ten to six. He begins the first lesson at 8 :00. He teaches English every day except Saturday and Sunday. At ten to twelve he finishes his lessons. Ten minutes later he has lunch. In the afternoon,he often plays games with his students. Sometimes he teaches his students in his office. Supper time is at about six. After that,he reads newspapers and watches TV. At about ten to eleven he goes to bed. (1)Mr. Smith is . A. a Chinese B. an Englishman C. a worker D. an American (2)He leaves home at . A. 6:10 B.5:50 C.7:10 D.6:50 (3)He doesn' t have any English classes on . A. Saturday B. Sunday C. Friday D. Saturday and Sunday (4)He has lunch at . A. 12:30 B. 12:00 C. 13:30 D.13:00 (5)What does he do after supper? A. Reads newspapers. B. Watches TV. C. Reads newspapers and watches TV. D. Listens to music. 38.(10分)My name is Bill. I have a friend called Mike. Today is Mike's birthday. I'm at his birthday party. There are a lot of friends in his house. Some stand beside the table and enjoy the snacks and drinks. There is some food on the table. I like the chocolate and the fruit very much. Mike sits on the sofa and chats with some friends there. He wears a yellow T ﹣ shirt and a pair of blue jeans. He looks so cool today. Wow! The cake is really big. There are some candles on it. Mike's friends begin to sing" Happy Birthday" to Mike. Mike is very happy. He blows out the candles and cuts the cake. Everyone has a good time at the party. (1)What is the passage(文章)about? A. Mike. B.Bill. C.Good time. D.Mike'sbirthday. (2)What colour is Mike's T﹣shirt? A. Blue. B.Red. C.Yellow. D.White. (3)Which sentence is TRUE? A. Mike stands beside the table. B.Mike likes the chocolate ad the fruit very much. C.Everyone has a good time at the party. D. Mike's friend has some candles. (4)What's on the cake? A.The chocolate. B. Some drinks. C. The fruit. D. Some candles. (5)How does Mike feel today ? A. Polite. B. Sad. C. Happy. D. Helpful. 五、任务型阅读(共1小题;每小题10分,满分10分)阅读下面短文,并用英语回答问题(请注意每小题后面的词数要求). 39.(10分)Mr. Black and Mr. White worked in the same bookstore. One day Mr. Black said to Mr. White,"I am going to have a small party at our house next Saturday evening. Will you and your wife come?" Mr. White said, "Thank you very much. That is very kind of you. We are free that evening,thanks,but I will telephone my wife and ask her. 'After he telephoned, he looked surprised. "What is the matter?"said Mr. Black. "Did you speak to your wife?" " No,"answered Mr. White. "She wasn' t there. My small son answered the telephone. I said to him,'Is your mother there, Peter? ' And he answered,'No, she is not at home. ' ' Where is she then?' I asked. 'She is outside. What is she doing?' 'She is looking for me. ' " (1)Where did Mr. Black and Mr. White work?(不超过 6 个词) (2)Who is going to have a small party?(不超过 2 个词) (3)Is Mr White free next Saturday evening?(不超过 3 个词) (4)What is Mr. White's wife doing?(不超过 7 个词) (5)Who answered the telephone?(不超过 3 个词) 六、单词拼写(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据首字母及汉语提示,完成下列单词的拼写,使句意通顺. 40.(2分)When did Xi Wang start to take care of (she)? 41.(2分)The doctors are saving the wild tigers in d (危险). 42.(2分)I often tell my parents about my d (日常的)life. 43.(2分)This Sunday I will repair my house myself instead of p (付钱)someone to do it. 44.(2分)She has a sweet v (嗓音). 七、书面表达(共1小题;满分20分) 45.(20分)假设你是Millie,根据以下内容写一封给网友Jane的信. 1.北京是一个繁华的城市,有许多名胜古迹. 2.有许多博物馆、公园和购物中心.城镇公路两边是绿树.这些使北京的生活更舒适和丰富 多彩. 3.上个月邀请了叔叔Tom游览北京.他为人慷慨,有幽默感. 4.当他到达时,不能相信自己的眼睛.他说建筑变得更高了.他决定尽快把这些告诉他的朋友们. 注意:信必须包括所有要点.词数80左右,可适当增加细节,使句子通顺、连贯.文中不得出 现本人校名和姓名.正确地使用时态. Dear Jane, Yours, Millie 2018-2019学年安徽省蚌埠市八年级(上)期末英语试卷(译林版) 参考答案与试题解析 一、第一部分听力(共五大题,满分2.5分)I关键词语选择(共5小题;每小题0. 5分,满分2. 5分)你将听到五个句子,请在每小题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一个你听到的单词或短语.每 个句子读两遍. 1.【解答】略 2.【解答】略 3.【解答】略 4.【解答】略 5.【解答】略 II.短对话理解(共10小题;每小题0. 5分,满分5.0分)你将听到十段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,请在每小题后所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一 个最佳选项.每段对话读两遍. 6.【解答】略 7.【解答】略 8.【解答】略 9.【解答】略 10.【解答】略 11.【解答】略 12.【解答】略 13.【解答】略 14.【解答】略 15.【解答】略 III.长对话理解(共2小题;每小题0. 5分,满分2. 5分)你将听到两段对话,每段对话后有几个小题.请在每小题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一 个最佳选项.每段对话读两遍.听下面一段对话,回答第16、17小题. 16.【解答】略 17.【解答】略 IV.短文理解(共1小题;每小题5分,满分5分)你将听到一篇短文,短文后有5个小题.请根据短文内容,在每小题所给的A、B、C三个选项 中选出一个最佳选项.短文读两遍. 18.【解答】略 V.信息转换(共1小题;每小题5分,满分5分)你将听到一篇短文.请根据短文内容,写出下面表格中所缺的单词,每空填一词.短文读 两遍. 19.【解答】略 二、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项. 20.【解答】Beautiful漂亮的;Honest诚实的;Pretty机灵的,聪明的;Good ﹣ looking好看的.根据Which word can describe (描写)people ' s personality (品质),可知这里honest应该表示一个人的品质. 故选:B. 21.【解答】考查形容词.A无聊的或不高兴的.B无聊的或高兴的.C无聊的或高兴的.D无聊的或不高兴的.结合语境"当她感到___时,我会和她说话,让她高兴"可知,应该是"无聊或不高兴的".B,C不正确.主语she她.形容人的情绪用ed形容词bored.D不正确. 故选:A. 22.【解答】根据Lucy looks﹣﹣of all the girls here判断句子使用形容词的最高级形式,选项ABC都是副词. 故选:D. 23.【解答】none 、something、 nothing、 no one.四者都是不定代词.no one"没有人" ,不与of连用,谓语动词用单数,只能指人,但不具体指什么人,一般用来回答who,及含 anyone,anybody引起的疑问句;none "一个也没有、没有人、没有任何东西",可与of连用,谓语动词用单或复数,具体指什么人或物,一般用来回答how many +n,how much +n及含any+n引起的疑问句; nothing "无事、无物",指物,谓语用单数,一般用来回答含anything的一般问句及what引起的特殊问句;something 意为"某事;某物".常用于肯定句中,也可用于征求对方意见的疑问句中.由题干"我看到盘子里有许多薄煎饼.但现在一个也没有剩余了."可知,空格是"一个也没有",用none,因此答案应是 none. 故选:A. 24.【解答】答案:B.考查名词.A故事.B说明.C消息.D报告.结合语境"﹣﹣你能告诉我怎样才能让玩具火车跑起来吗?﹣﹣为什么不自己看__呢?我现在很忙.".可知,应该是"说明书",选B. 25.【解答】rope"绳索"; glue"胶水"; tape"胶带、带子"; scissors"剪刀",四者都是名词.由题干"请把剪刀递给我好吗?我想把纸切成两半."可知,空格是scissors,答案应是scissors. 故选:D. 26.【解答】考查形容词.A惊讶的.B紧张的.C舒适的.D耐心的.结合语境"﹣﹣期末考试前我真的很___.﹣﹣别担心,我相信这次你能做得更好"可知,应该是"紧张的". 故选:B. 27.【解答】根据句意:你一定累了.为什么不停下来休息一下呢?考查句型Why not do sth?为什么不…?;stop to do sth停下来去做某事,stop doing 停止做某事. 故选:B. 28.【解答】答案:B 英语中方位的表示:不紧挨的用"to",在范围内的用"in".台湾属于中国,在内部,用介词in,日本在中国的东部,没有挨着,故用介词to,故答案是B. 29.【解答】答案:He is a little shy他有点害羞;He is tall他很高;He likes dancing.他喜欢跳舞;He is a doctor,他是个医生;根据问句"What does your brother look like你的兄弟长相如何"可知答语是He is tall;故选B. 30.【解答】同类事物作比较,students是名词复数形式,this这个,近距离指代,that那个,远距离指代,these这些,those那些,此题根据语境:五班的学生比八班的学生努力得多. 故选:C. 31.【解答】答案:A.without意为"没有";with意为"和…一起";except意为"除…之外(不再有)";besides意为"除…之外(还有)".前面说不要浪费水,水很重要,因此没有水人是无法生存的,without 就是没有的意思.故选A. 32.【解答】根据句意:据报道,当海啸来的时候,海水冲走了很多东西,如房屋、汽车等等.结合选项,A. 放好 B.扔掉 C.冲走 D.拿走,选项C符合题意. 故选:C. 33.【解答】答案:C,考察名词辨析.句中提到"natural disaster"自然灾害,A选项地震,B选项洪水,D选项风暴,都属于自然灾害,而C选项车祸不属于自然灾害,所以选择C. 34.【解答】此题根据语境:火车什么时候到?十分钟后.提问多久以后,用how soon.到达,不及物动词arrive. 故选:B. 三、完形填空(共1小题;每小题1. 5分,满分15分)阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项. 35.【解答】1. A 考查动词时态.这几个词的意思都是"去";went一般过去时;go和goes是一般现在时;will go一般将来时.根据"When I was a little child,I was afraid of ghosts."当我还是个小孩子的时候,我很害怕鬼.因此可知要用一般过去时来填空.故选A. 2. D 考查介词.without意思是"没有";next to意思是"隔壁";together意思是"一起";with意思是"和";根据"When we were (4)our way home, my brother walked in front of me."当我们回家的时候,我哥哥走在我前面.因此可知我和哥哥去看电影.故选D. 3. B 考查副词.later意思是"后来";late意思是"晚地";early意思是"早的";意思是"earlier"更早的.根据"One evening"一天晚上.因此可知当电影放完的时候,天已经比较晚了.故选B. 4. A 考查介词.on意思是"在…的上面";in意思是"在…的里面";by意思是"在…旁边";to意思是"到";根据"our way home"因此可知这句话的意思是"当我们在回家的路上的时候".故选A. 5. A 考查名词.way意思是"路";route意思是"路线";road意思是"道路";path意思是"小路"根据"all the"因此可知这句话考查的是短语"all the way"意思是"一直".故选A. 6. D 考查名词.whisper意思是"口哨";shout意思是"喊";voice意思是"嗓音";noise意思是"声响";根据"something "jumped" into the river"因此可知这句话的意思是"有东西跳进了河里,发出来一个巨大的声响".故选D. 7. C 考查动词.looked意思是"看";found意思是"发现";heard意思是"听见";listened意思是"听";根据"something "jumped" into the river" 有东西跳进了河里,因此可知当我听见了这个声音.故选C. 8. D 考查介词.and意思是"和";than意思是"比";like意思是"像";as意思是"作为";根据"as fast____ I could"因此可知这句话考查的是结构"as…as one can/could"意思是"尽某人所能".故选D. 9. B 考查疑问代词.Why 意思是"为什么";What意思是"什么";Where意思是"在哪里";When意思是"什么时候";根据后面的词语是"happened"因此可知要用一个可以作主语的疑问代词来作主语.故选B. 10. A 考查疑问副词.How意思是"如何";What意思是"什么";How a意思是"多么的一个";What a意思是"一个什么的";根据空格后面的词语是fast,这是一个副词,所以要用how来引起这个感叹句.故选A. 四、阅读理解(共两大题,满分30分)阅读理解(共3小题;每小题10分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中选出最佳选项. 36.【解答】1.C 词义猜测题."big"的意思是巨大的,根据文章语境和生活常识,我们应该是在比较重要的日子里才会送礼,故选C. 2.B 细节理解题.根据"You should choose gifts that your family or friends like"你应该选择你的家人或朋友喜欢的礼物,故选B. 3.A 细节理解题.根据 "And girls may like something lovely , like flowers , dolls and beautiful clothes"女孩可能喜欢一些可爱的东西,像花,洋娃娃和漂亮的衣服.可以推断出泰迪熊更适合.故选A. 4.C 词义猜测题,根据"you don ' t need to choose something expensive. Your feeling is more important than money"你不需要选择昂贵的东西.你的感情比金钱更重要,可知"A small gift means far much"应该是表示礼轻情意重,故选C. 5.D 主旨大意题.文章主要讲了礼物,告诉人们该如何选择礼物.故选D. 37.【解答】1.D 细节理解题,根据文中第一段语句"Mr Smith is a teacher of English.He comes from America."可知来自美国,故选择D. 2.B 细节理解题,根据文中第二段语句"He leaves home at ten to six."可知5:50离开家,故选择B. 3.D 细节理解题,根据文中第二段语句"He teaches English every day except Saturday and Sunday."除了星期六和星期天外,他每天都教英语,理解可知周六、日没有英语课,故选择D. 4.B 细节理解题,根据文中第二段语句".At ten to twelve he finishes his lessons.Ten minutes later he has lunch.差10分12点下课,10分钟后吃午饭"理解可知是12点吃午饭,故选择B. 5.C 细节理解题,根据文中第二段语句".Supper time is at about six.After that,he reads newspapers and watches TV."理解可知晚饭时间大约是六点,之后他看报纸看电视,故选择C. 38.【解答】1.D 细节理解题.根据短文中第一段Today is Mike's birthday. I'm at his birthday party. There are a lot of friends in his house可知,今天是Mike的生日,他的家里来了很多朋友,因此很多朋友在Mike的家里,故选D. 2.C 细节理解题.根据短文中第一段Mike sits on the sofa and chats with some friends there. He wears a yellow T﹣shirt and a pair of blue jeans可知,今天Mike穿的是一件黄色的T恤衫和蓝色的牛仔裤.由此可知应选C. 3.C 推理判断题.根据短文的最后一句话Everyone has a good time at the party.可知,大家在聚会上都玩得很开心,因此C是正确的.根据第一段Mike sits on the sofa可知,Mike坐在沙发上,故A不对;根据第一段I like the chocolate and the fruit very much可知,喜欢巧克力和水果的是作者,不是Mike,故B不对;D选项在短文中没有提到. 4.D 细节理解题.根据短文第一段The cake is really big. There are some candles (蜡烛) on it可知,蛋糕上面有一些蜡烛,因此应选D. 5.C 细节理解题.根据第二段Mike is very happy.可知,Mike今天非常的开心,因此应选C.polite 有礼貌的;sad 伤心的;helpful有帮助的,不符合文意. 五、任务型阅读(共1小题;每小题10分,满分10分)阅读下面短文,并用英语回答问题(请注意每小题后面的词数要求). 39.【解答】1.In a bookstore.细节理解题.根据Mr. Black and Mr. White worked in the same bookstore.布莱克先生和怀特先生在同一家书店工作.可知工作在书店.故答案为In a bookstore. 2.Mr. Black.细节理解题.根据One day Mr. Black said to Mr. White,"I am going to have a small party at our house next Saturday evening. Will you and your wife come?"有一天,布莱克先生对怀特先生说:"下星期六晚上我要在我们家举行一个小型的聚会,你和你妻子会来吗?"可知布莱克先生.故答案为Mr. Black. 3.Yes,he is.细节判断题.根据We are free that evening,那天晚上我们有空.可知有时间.故答案为Yes,he is. 4.She is looking for her son.细节理解题.根据What is she doing?' 'She is looking for me. ' 她在干什么?""她在找我."可知她在找她的儿子.故答案为She is looking for her son. 5.Mr. White's son.细节理解题.根据My small son answered the telephone.我的小儿子接了电话.可知怀特先生的儿子.故答案为Mr.White's son. 六、单词拼写(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据首字母及汉语提示,完成下列单词的拼写,使句意通顺. 40.【解答】答案:herself.考查代词.take care of oneself 照顾好自己.由she她.可知应该用反身代词herself她自己. 41.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:危险,名词.英语表达是: danger.此处是单数形式,in danger在危险中,句意:医生们正在抢救处于危险中的野生虎. 故答案为danger. 42.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:日常的,形容词.英语表达是:daily,句意:我经常告诉我的父母关于我的日常生活. 故答案为daily. 43.【解答】考查翻译填空.根据汉语提示及其英语句子,可知要翻译的部分为:付钱,动词.英语表达是:pay.介词of后接动名词,句意:这个星期天我将修理我的房子,而不是花钱找别人去做. 故答案为paying. 44.【解答】嗓音voice,可数名词,前面有a,用单数形式. 故答案为voice. 七、书面表达(共1小题;满分20分) 45.【解答】Dear Jane, Beijing is a busy city with many places of interest.【要点一,北京是一个繁华的城市,有许多名胜古迹】 There are many museums, parks and shopping centers【高分句型一】. All these make life in Beijing more comfortable and colorful. 【要点二,有许多博物馆、公园和购物中心.城镇公路两边是绿树.这些使北京的生活更舒适和丰富 多彩】 Last month, I invited Uncle Tom to visit Beijing. He is generous and has a good sense of humour.【要点三,上个月邀请了叔叔Tom游览北京.他为人慷慨,有幽默感】 When he arrived here, he couldn't believe his eyes【高分句型二】. He said the buildings became taller and taller. He decided to tell his friends about these as soon as possible.【要点四,当他到达时,不能相信自己的眼睛.他说建筑变得更高了.他决定尽快把这些告诉他的朋友们】 I hope you can come and enjoy yourself here ,too. Yours, Millie

  • ID:4-5682763 Unit 8 Natural disasters Task 课件共21张PPT

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 8 Natural disasters

    牛津译林英语 八年级上册unit8task 共21张ppt:21张PPTUnit 8 Natural disasters Task An earthquake hit Taiwan in 1999. Timmy was sleeping when it happened.He heard a loud noise like thunder.People screamed in fear. They were running in all directions While pieces of glass and bricks were falling down. Later the noise and the shaking stopped ,Timmy was trapped because of the earthquake. He felt nervous and his heart was beating fast. He tried to calm down and pulled himself slowly through the dark. Finally people heard his cry for help and moved away the bricks to save him. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津译林英语 八年级上册unit8task 共21张ppt.pptx

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  • ID:4-5669044 牛津译林英语 八年级上册Unit 8 Natural disasters Task(共23张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 8 Natural disasters


    牛津译林英语 八年级上册unit8task(共23张ppt):23张PPTUnit 8 Natural disasters
    Task
    A natural disaster
    Unit 8
    People from all over the world are suffering from natural disasters.
    Unit 8
    收件人
    发件人
    主题
    Would you like to join us
    Ms Jiang
    If so, please try the following.
    ================================================
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    牛津译林英语 八年级上册unit8task(共23张ppt).ppt

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  • ID:4-5661793 牛津译林英语八年级上Unit8 Natural disasters Reading1课件(21张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 8 Natural disasters

    牛津译林英语 八年级上册unit8reading 1%28共21张ppt%29:21张PPT,无音频和视频 Reading 1 The fashion show Unit 8 My American friend Mary is a fashionable lady. She has so many clothes. She often changes her clothes style. ladies [leidi] [stail] ladies 女士 风格,样式 She always thinks about what to wear. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津译林英语 八年级上册unit8reading 1%28共21张ppt%29.ppt

  • ID:4-5657164 8A Unit1 Friends Revision课件(20张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 1 Friends

    8a unit1 friends revision:20张PPT8A Unit 1 Friends Revision 一、 情景问答 请根据情景提示的内容用英语进行回答 W: What do you keep as a pet M: I have kept a dog as my pet. M: I walk the dog three times a week. 我跟朋友讨论你们家的宠物狗,你一周遛狗三次。 W: How often do you walk the dog ================================================ 压缩包内容: 8a unit1 friends revision.ppt

    • 期末复习课件
    • 2019-04-10
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  • ID:4-5627696 Unit 6 Birdwatching Revision课件(20PPT含素材)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 6 Bird watching

    2019unit6 revision 最新:20张PPT Revision 八上Unit6 Birdwatching Task1. Show time: I know many birds, such as…. But…..is/are my favourite . I like it/them because…… Zhalong Nature Reserve … is in …province in…. .It is one of … .It provides … for … .It is a perfect place for… . so you can easily watch them there. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 2019unit6 revision 最新.ppt niao.wmv 动物狂欢1.wmv 视频欣赏:动物们的狂欢h264_720x576_800k.mp4

    • 授课课件
    • 2019-04-01
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  • ID:4-5627597 Unit7 Seasons Welcome to the unit课件(31PPT无音视频)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 7 Seasons

    8a unit7 seasons welcome to the unit课件:31张PPTUnit 7 Seasons Comic & Welcome ________ make(s) the tree change Seasons make the tree change. What’s the season Warm-up seasons weather food clothes activities Scenery(景色) In spring, you can see lots of ____ plants, ____ flowers and ____ butterflies. You can often hear birds ____. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 8a unit7 seasons welcome to the unit课件.ppt

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    • 2019-04-01
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  • ID:4-5569515 Unit 7 Seasons comic strip & welcome to the unit 课件 (36张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 7 Seasons

    36张PPT,无音视频。 Unit 7 Seasons Weather and seasons comic strip & welcome to the unit I need to choose a group of weather forcasters (天气预报员)from you! Only winners can be weather forcasters! weather forcasters (天气预报员) ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津译林英语 八年级上册unit7welcome to the unit%28共36张ppt%29.ppt