欢迎您,[登陆][注册] (您的IP:34.207.78.157)

初中英语牛津译林版八年级下
全部(2000) 课件 教案 试卷 学案 素材 视频 电子教材
不限 普通资料 精品资料 特供资料 成套资料
  • ID:4-5961252 牛津译林版英语八年级下册期末复习Unit 1 Past and Present知识点梳理

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/Unit 1 Past and Present

    牛津译林版英语八年级下册 期末复习导学案 第一单元知识点梳理: Past and Present 8B Unit1???Past and Present 一.重点词组 在碗里 in the bowl 一小时前 an hour ago 饥饿 be hungry 过去经常做某事 used to do sth. 与某人分享某物 share sth with sb 步行去某地? go to sp. on foot / walk to sp 骑车去某地 ride a bike to sp / go to sp by bike 乘车去某地 take a bus to sp / go to sp by bus 开车去某地 drive a car to sp / go to sp by car 飞往某地 fly to sp / go to sp by air/plane 周游城市 go around the city 太多的人 too many people 等待某人 wait for sb. 去其它城市 go to other cities 很了解某事 know sth very well 搬房子 move away 在镇北边 in the northern part of town 与某人结婚 get/be married to 搬开两个街区 move two blocks away 改变很多 change a lot 在镇中心 in the town centre? 把……变成 turn…into… 把废物放进河里 put the waste into the river 采取措施改善这种情况 take action to improve the situation 更加干净得多 much cleaner 在某地方面 in some ways 我们中的大多数人 most of us 他们中的许多人 many of them 看见彼此 see each other 打牌 play cards 下象棋 play Chinese chess 感到有点儿寂寞 feel a bit lonely 有时 sometimes / at times / from time to time 令人惊讶的改变 the amazing changes 使某事更好 make sth better 由……制成 be made by… 因为孤独 because of being alone 一群建筑物 a group of buildings 关于……知道很少 know little about… 搬离某地 move away from sp 发生 happen / take place 在某人的一生中 all one’s life 在过去 in the past 在最近几年里 in/for/during/over the past / last few years 在过去的几年里 over the (past / last) years 许多次 many times 到达(不及物)家/这儿/那儿 arrive/reach/get home/here/there 到达某地(及物) arrive in/at / get to / reach sp. 教我们很多关于…… teach us a lot about… 中国的历史 the history of China 计划做某事 plan to do sth 生活条件 living condition 向某人借某物 borrow sth from sb 旅游进出小镇 travel to and from the town 从美国归来 return from the USA 出国 go abroad 在小学 at primary school 与某人保持联系 keep in touch with 通过电子邮件交流 communicate by email 使交际更加容易 make communication much easier 中国的首都 the capital of China 一个娱乐的好地方 a good place to have fun 流经镇中心 run through the centre of town 感到不开心 feel unhappy 习惯于(做)某事 be / get used to (doing) sth 单独 alone / by oneself / on one’s own 在(做)某事上花时间 spend some time on / (in) doing sth. 在路的两边 on both sides of the road 享受舒适的生活 enjoy a comfortable life 自从三年前以来 since three years ago 二.重点句子 做某事花费某人一段时间。 Sb spend(s) some time on / (in) doing sth.??/? ??It takes sb some time to do sth. 2.?做某事对某人来说……。? ??It’s + adj + for sb to do sth. 3.?过去这个城镇怎么样?? ? ??What was the town like in the past ? 4.?自从他去逝以来已经三年了。 ???He died three years ago.???/???He has been dead for three years. ???He has been dead since three years ago.???/???It is / has been three years since he died. ???Three years has passed since he died. 5.?他过去经常早早起身。?? ? ??He used to get up early. 6.?他习惯于晚饭后散步。?? ? ??He is used to walking after supper. 7.?近几年射阳发生了许多变化。?Many changes have taken place in Sheyang over the years. 8.?你们如何互相保持联系??? ??How do you keep in touch with each other ? 9.?我过去步行上学。?? ? ? ? ??I used to walk to school. / I used to go to school on foot. 10.我们主要通过QQ交流。?? ??We mainly communicate by QQ. 11.英特网使得交际更加容易。???The Internet makes communication much easier. 12.我有时会觉得有点孤独。?? ??I feel a bit lonely from time to time. 三.重点语法 Present perfect tense (现在完成时) 项目 内容 备注 概念 ◇表示一个过去发生的动作对现在产生的结果和影响。 ??Eddie?has eaten?my food.? ?(Eddie ate the food and now Hobo has nothing to eat.) ◇表示一个从过去某个时间开始,延续到现在,并有可能继续延续下去的动作或状态。 Eddie?has lived?with Mille since he was born. Eddie?has lived?with Mille for four years. 构成 助动词has/have +动词的过去分词 ?动词过去分词规则变化跟对应的过去式一样,在后面加ed.特殊变化详见书本。(P122-123) 肯定形式 They?have finished?their homework. He?has finished?his homework. 缩略形式: they have=they’ve; he has=he’s 否定形式 They?haven’t finishedtheir homework. He?hasn’t finished?his homework. 疑问形式 Have?they?finished?their homework? Yes, they have. / No, they haven’t. 关键词 already(用于肯定句), yet(用于否定句和疑问句),? since+一点时间, for+一段时间,? never, ever, three times(其它表示频率的词, once, twice等) before, recently, in the past/last few years, so far, this month, today, now? ◇表示过去某一个动作的结果,现在情况依然存在。这时一般不用时间状语。 I have lost my pen. ◇包括现在时间在内的时间状语如today, this month, this week等有时也用现在完成时。 四.重点知识点 知识点1:past and present(P6) 1.past? n.?过去,以前;in the past?在过去 adj.?过去的,以前的;in the past few years?在过去的几年里 prep.?经过??walk past the post office走过邮局 【例句】 In the?past, there was no underground in Nanjing.?? ? Let’s not make the?past?mistakes.?? When I walk?past?the post office, I see a bird flying over the tree. (2)present adj.现在的;?目前的;?出席的 n.现在;?礼物;??at present?现在?;?a present for you=a gift for you给你的礼物 vt.介绍;?出现;?提出;?赠送;? 【例句】Everyone can be?presented a?present?at?present. 知识点2:You’ve?changed, Eddie. You?used to?share food with me.(P6)?你变了。你以前跟我分享食物的。 1.change:?vt./vi.?改变,变更;?? ??change into变成?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ??n.变化,改变;? ? ? ? ??change(s) to?...的变化 【例句】Great?changes?to Nanjing have taken place. (2)use?n.用途;?使用能力;?运用头脑(或身体)的能力;? ?? ??vt.用,使用;?行使, 【常用短语】①used to (do sth.)??“过去常常(做某事)” 批注:?否定形式:didn’t use to / usedn’t to ? ? ? ??②get/be used to(doing sth. )“习惯于(做某事) 【例句】He?used to?go fishing every Saturday. But since he changed his job, he’s?barely(几乎不) had a chance. He thinks he’ll never?be used to?this busy lifestyle. 【拓展】useful adj.?有用的;useless??adj.?无用的 知识点3:I first lived in the?northern?part of the town with my parents.(P8) 【例句】Beijing is in the northern part of China. 批注:注意in the north与?in the northern part of?的同义句转换。例如: Beijing is in the north of China.=Beijing is in the northern part of China. 知识点4:When I got?married?in 1965, my wife and I?moved?two blocks away and we’ve lived in this area since then.(P8)当我1965结婚的时候,我的妻子和我搬到了两个街区之外,从那之后我一直住在那个地方。 (1)marry:?vt.& vi.(使)结婚;?娶;?嫁;?结合; marry sb?与某人结婚???marry A to B?把A嫁给B? ? ? ??adj. married?已婚的;??短语:A and B get married /A get(s) married to B ? ? ??n??marriage?婚姻?? ? ? ? ? ? 【例句】Some young couples?got married?on that day. (2)move:?vt.& vi.移动,搬动;?使感动 【常用短语】move away?搬走? ??move into?搬进??move out of?搬出... 【例句】Every year millions of people?moved into?the city while millions of people?moved away. 知识点5:?Now the government has?turned?part of the town centre?into?a new park.(P8) turn into?进入,拐进;(使)成为,(使)进入??turn... into把...变成 【例句】I saw him?turn into?the library. ? ? ? ??How can you?turn?a bottle of water?into?a bottle of orange juice? 【常用短语】turn on开?? ? ??turn off??关?? ??turn up?调高;开大(音量、煤气等)? ? ? turn down?调低;关小(音量、煤气、灯火等)? ? ? ? ??turn over把……翻过来??turn back?往回走??turn left?向左转?turn right?向右转 知识点6:There was?once?a steel factory near the Sunshine River.(P9)?阳光河附近曾经有一个钢铁厂。 once: adv.曾经?=used to?? 【例句】There was?once?a shopping centre here.=There used to be a shopping centre here. ?? ??n.一次,一回; = one time? 【例句】I am used to doing exercise?once?a week. 知识点7:They often?put?the waste?into?the river.(P9)他们经常把垃圾放到河里。 短语:put sth into?把……放进,使进入 【例句】Please?put?the food?into?the fridge. 【常用短语】put away??拿走,储存…备用??put back放回;向后移 put down写下;记下?? ? ? ??put on?穿上 put off?延期;推迟?? ? ? ? ??put out?熄灭;关熄;扑灭???put up?举起;抬起;张贴 知识点8:Later the government?realized?the problem and took action to?improve?the situation.(P9)后来政府意识到这个问题并采取行动去改善这种情况。 (1)realize??v.?意识到;实现=come true 【例句】My dream comes true.=I realize my dream. 2.improve??v?提高;改善;改进 ? ??n. improvement?提高,改进; 【常用短语】improve living standard提高生活水平; improve your English;改善你的英语; 【例句】Do you know how to?improve?your memory? 知识点9:?Now the river is?much cleaner. (P9)现在河流干净了很多。 此处的much?用于修饰形容词比较级。类似的用法还有:much; still; even; far; a little; a bit; a lot;? 【例句】--How do you feel today? --Even worse. 知识点10:?Well,?in some ways?it is.(P9)好的,在某种程度上它是。 短语in some ways?在某些方面,在某种程度上 【例句】In some ways, I do agree with you. 【拓展】1. in many ways?在许多方面;用许多方法;??in this way用这种方法; ? ? ? ??2. on one’s way to表示“在某人去……的路上”;(home/here/there这几个词前不需要加to) 3. by the way表示“顺便说/问一句”;? 4. all the way表示“全程;一直”; 5. in a way在某一点上,在某种程度上 6. in the way?挡道???in the way of sb挡在某人路上 知识点11:It?has become impossible for us to see each other?as often as before.(P9)对我们来说像以前一样的经常见面已经变得不可能了。 (1)此处的it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的不定式?to see each other. 常用句型:It is +adj+ for sb to do sth.?对某人来说做某事是怎样的。 【例句】It is dangerous for us to go out alone at night.? (2)as often as before?像以前一样的经常? ??as ... as?像一样。 知识点12:Now I feel a bit?lonely?from time to time. (P9)现在我经常会感到有点孤单。 (1)lonely:??adj.孤独的,孤单的;?寂寞的;?荒凉的 【常用短语】feel lonely 【词汇拓展】alone??adv.?单独,独自=by oneself=on one’s own 【例句】1.Our teacher asks us to finish the task alone. ? ? ? ??=Our teacher asks us to finish the task on our own. ? ? ? ??2. My grandma lives alone, so she feels lonely sometimes. (2)time: n?时间;?次数;时代(常用复数) 【常用短语】at the same time?同时???in time及时;适时???on time?按时,准时;按时 all the time?始终,一直?at a time?一次;每次;在某时 from time to time?不时,有时??for the first time?首次;第一次 知识点13:I have learned more about?Beijing’s past and present.(P14)我对北京的现在和过去了解的更多了。 Beijing’s past and present=the past and present of Beijing ①一般’s形式的所有格表示有生命的所有关系。一些无生命的名词,如:时间,国家、城市等地点以及价格、重量、距离等名词也可以在词尾加’s来构成所有格。 ?a seven days’ holiday?一个七天的假期???London’s weather?伦敦的天气? ? ?ten dollars’ sugar?十美元的糖? ? ②of?所有格由“of +?名词或名词短语”构成,修饰前面的名词,表示无生命的名词的所有格。如a map of China?一张中国地图 ③有些名词既可以用’s所有格,也可以用of所有格,两者可互换。 the son of our teacher =??our teacher’s son?我们老师的儿子

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-5961239 牛津译林版英语八年级下册期末复习Unit 3 Online tours 知识点梳理

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/Unit 3 Online tours

    牛津译林版英语八年级下册期末复习导学案 第三单元知识点梳理:Online tours 8B Unit 3 Online tours 一、核心词汇 1.receive vt. [考点点拨] receive是动词,意为“收到,接到”,是指客观、被动地接收;而accept是指主观接受。如: I received a bunch of flowers yesterday, but I didn't accept it. 昨天我收到一束花,但是我没有接受。 2.Asia n. [考点点拨] Asia是名词,意为“亚洲”。Asian作形容词,意为“亚洲的,亚洲人的”;作名词,意为“亚洲人”。类似词有: Africa非洲-African非洲(人)的;非洲人 Europe欧洲-European欧洲(人)的;欧洲人 America美洲,美国-American美洲(人)的;美国(人)的;美洲人,美国人 Australia澳大利亚-Australian澳大利亚(人)的;澳大利亚人 Russia俄罗斯-Russian俄罗斯(人)的;俄罗斯人 如: China is a developing country in Asia 中国是亚洲的一个发展中国家。 That man comes from Australia??He is an Australian 那名男子来自澳大利亚,他是澳大利亚人。 3.southern adj. [考点点拨] southern是形容词,意为“南方的,南部的”。对应的名词是south,意为“南方,南”。类似词有: east东方,东-eastern东方的,东部的 west西方,西-western西方的,西部的 north北方,北-northern北方的,北部的 如: in the east/west/south/north of… =in the eastern/western/southern/northern part of… 在……东/西/南/北部 Shanghai is in the east of China =?Shanghai is in the eastern part of China. 上海在中国东部。 4.international adj. [考点点拨] international是形容词,意为“国际的”。如: international charities国际慈善机构 an international football match?一场国际足球比赛 The Red Cross is a big international organization 红十字会是一个大型的国际组织。 nation名词,意为“国家;民族;国民”。 national形容词,意为“民族的,国家的”。如: National Day国庆节 二.重点词组 1.so much for sth. 关于…就讲这么多 2.dream of / about 梦想;想象 dream of / about doing sth.? 梦见做某事 3.It’s my pleasure. 不客气,这是我的荣幸。 4.With pleasure. 很乐意。 5.be made up of….. 由…组成 6.online tours 网上旅行 7.change the channel 换频道 8. remote control 遥控器 9. learn about places of interest around the world了解全世界的名胜 10.with the help of the Internet or libraries在网络或图书馆的帮助下 11.use sth… to do 用……做…… 12.do word processing 做文字处理 13.search for the information 搜索信息 14.send and receive emails 发送和接收电子邮件 15.watch videos 看录像/视频 16.be fast and easy 快捷 17.a website called “Around the World in Eight Hours”? 一个名叫“八小时环游世界”的网站 18.a tour guide 导游 19.at the top of the page 在这页顶部 20.at the bottom of the page 在这页底部 21.click on it 点击它 22.the world-famous trade centre 举世闻名的贸易中心 23.at the southern end of Manhattan Island在曼哈顿岛的南端 24.further on 再向前 25.on New Year’s Eve 在新年前夕 26.in the centre of the island 在岛的中央 27.Don’t miss Broadway.? 不要错过百老汇。 28.miss doing sth. 错过做某事 29.be famous for… 因…而著名 30.be famous as… 作为…而著名 31.since the early twentieth?century自二十世纪早起 32.hear of 听说 33.a play filled with many songs一部充满着许多歌曲的剧 34.tickets to different places 去不同地方的票 35.fall from the sky 从天上掉下来 36.another great place to visit 另一个参观的好地方 37.gather there to welcome the new year聚在那里迎接新年 38.write an email to sb.? 给某人写电子邮件 39.start a new online tour 开始一次新的网上旅行 40.some differences?between A and BA和B之间的区别 41.the other day 不久前的某天,几天以前 42.so far = up to now? 到目前为止(用现在完成时) 43.realize your dream 实现你的梦想 44.Her dream came true yesterday.?她的梦想昨天终于实现了。 45.take an online tour 进行网上旅行 46.eat lots of local food 吃许多当地食物 47.show me an online tour of the USA给我演示美国的网上旅行 48.on the south-east coast of Australia在澳大利亚东南海岸 49.look like a ship with many sails看起来像一艘有很多帆的船 50.return from the USA 从美国回来 51.an online course 一门网上课程 52.mind?(sb. / one’s)doing … 介意(某人)做某事 53.book tickets and hotels 预定票和旅馆 54.order meals 订餐 55.daily English= everyday English 日常英语 56.use English in daily communication在日常交际中使用英语 57.the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国 58.an island country 一个岛国 59.the capital city 首都城市 60.in this old European country在这个古老的欧洲国家 61.prepare for… 为…准备 三.重点句型 1.What do you usually use your computer for? What ….for = Why 你通常用电脑干什么? 2. Every year, thousands of people gather here on New Year’s Eve.? 每年新年前夜,数以千计的人们聚集在那里。 3. It’s exciting to see the huge glass ball falling through the darkness! 看巨大的玻璃球在黑暗中落下,真是太让人兴奋了! 4.In the centre of the island is Central Park.? (倒装句)在岛的中心是中央广场。 5.With several lakes, hills and?a large green lawn, it’s?a good place to relax?after?a hard day’s work.? (公园内)有几片湖泊、几座小山以及一大片草坪,是人们辛苦工作一天后放松的好地方。 6.It has been famous for its theatres since the early twentieth century.自从二十世纪早起以来它就因其剧院而著名。 7.Pick another city and then start your new tour 挑选另一座城市然后开始你的新的旅行。 8.To learn about a city, just find it in the menu at the top of the page and click on it.要了解一座城市,只要在这一页顶部的菜单里找到它并点击。 9.Have you ever dreamt of travelling the world without a passport?你曾经梦见过不带护照周游世界吗? 10.Australian seasons are the opposite of ours. 澳大利亚的季节和我们的是相反的。 11.---Thanks for your help.? ——?感谢你的帮助。 --- My pleasure./ It’s my/ a pleasure. ——不用谢,这是我的荣幸。? 12.---Would you mind showing me how to start this online tour? ---Of course not ——你介意给我演示如何开始这次网上旅行吗?——?当然不(介意)。 不介意的回答有:Of course not. Certainly not. Not at all. No, I don’t mind.? No, please do. Go ahead, I don’t mind. 介意的回答有:I’m sorry…..??I’m afraid …… You’d better not. 13.The UK has a long history. 英国有着悠久的历史。 14.The UK is an island country with a long history. 英国是一个有着悠久历史的岛国。 15.Among them is the British Museum. (倒装句)大英博物馆就在其列。?? 16.You can learn a lot about the world’s culture there. 在那里关于世界的文化你可以了解很多。 17.The best time to visit the UK is from May to September. 游玩英国的最佳时间是五月到九月。 18.The weather changes often there. = The weather is?changeable?there. 那里天气多变。 四.重点语法 现在完成时(Ⅲ) 一般过去时和现在完成时的区别 一、两种时态意义上的区别 1.现在完成时与一般过去时容易混淆,就是因为它们所表示的动作都发生在过去。但一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生了某事、存在某种状态或经常发生的动作,说话的侧重点在于陈述一件过去的事情,与现在没有关系;现在完成时则侧重强调过去的动作对现在造成的影响,也就是用一个过去的动作来描述现在的情况,此时动作发生的时间地点都不是谈论的重点。如: ??Jim lost his key on his way to school this morning. ??吉姆今天早晨在上学的路上丢掉了钥匙。 ??此句为一般过去时,主要强调丢钥匙的动作发生在过去,至于后来吉姆是否找到了钥匙不强调。 ??Jim has lost his key.?吉姆的钥匙丢了。 ??此句用现在完成时,表示吉姆丢了钥匙这件事对现在的影响,即钥匙还没找到,吉姆没办法开门。 2.?现在完成时还可表达某动作从过去到现在进行了多长时间;一般过去时只能告诉我们这件事是过去什么时候发生的。如: ??Li Lei began to learn English two years ago. ??李磊两年前开始学英语。 ??此句强调李磊两年前开始学习英语,现在是否学不知道。 ??Li Lei has learned English for two years. ??李磊学英语已经两年了。 ??此句强调李磊两年前开始学习英语,现在还在学。 3.?现在完成时还可以表达某人做过某事几次了,这也是一般过去时不能表达的。如: ??I have seen the film three times. ??这部电影我看过三次了。 二、两种时态时间状语上的区别 ? ??一般过去时常和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:yesterday,?last week,the other day,two years ago等。 ? ??现在完成时不和表示过去的时间状语连用,它常用的时间状语有already,yet,ever,never,just,recently,so far,until now,since two days ago,for two months,in the past/last few years等。如: ? ??I received a letter from my friend last week. ? ??我上个礼拜收到了我朋友的来信。 ? ??He has already finished his work. ? ??他已经完成了他的工作。

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-5961237 牛津译林版英语八年级下册期末复习Unit 2 Travelling知识点梳理

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/Unit 2 Travelling

    牛津译林版英语八年级下册 期末复习导学案 第二单元知识点梳理:Travelling 8B Unit2 Travelling 一.重点词组 去某地度假? go to sp for a holiday 在度假 be on holiday 去过某地(已经回来) have been to sp 去了某地(还没回来) have gone to sp 加入某人去做某事 join sb in doing sth 来自某人写的一个故事 come from a story by sb 玩得特开心 have a fantastic time 花了一整天 spend the whole day 一个室内过山车 an indoor roller coaster 高速运行 move at high speed 以……的速度 at the speed of 加速 speed-speeded/ sped- speeded/ sped 全程都在尖叫大笑 scream and laugh?through the ride 匆忙去餐馆吃了份快餐 hurry to a restaurant to have a quick meal 匆忙去某地 hurry to?sp (动词)/ go to sp?in a hurry(名词) 匆忙做某事 hurry to do sth 见到一些迪士尼卡通人物 meet some Disney cartoon characters ?比方说 such as ?迪士尼人物的游行 a parade of Disney characters 跟在他们后面跑 run after them 忍不住拍照 can’t stop taking photos 忍不住做某事 can’t stop doing sth 看了一场4D电影 watch a 4-D film 就像是魔术 be like?magic (名词) 闻到苹果馅饼的味道 smell the apple pie 给某人买了几个钥匙扣 buy a couple of key rings for sb 这天快要结束的时候 at?the end of the day 看烟花 watch the fireworks 在烟花下看上去闪亮又漂亮 look bright and beautiful under the fireworks 在你待在那期间 during your stay there (名词) 待在家 stay at home (动词) ?去某地开会 go to sp to attend a meeting ?在沙滩上玩 play on the sand ?顺便说一下 by the way ?邀请某人去野餐 invite sb to go for a picnic ?在寒假第一天 on the first day of the winter holiday 旅行的地方 places for travelling 中国园林 Chinese gardens 自然景观 places of natural beauty 海滨城市 seaside cities 去的地方 places to go 主题公园 theme parks 提一些在中国旅游的建议 give some advice on travelling in China 全年去那儿 go there all year around / in any season 喜欢水上运动 like water sports 参观像大连这样的海滨城市 visit a seaside city like Dalian 在任何季节 in any season ?有一些关于五一节的计划 have some plans for the May Day holiday ?去某地出差 go to sp on business 乘直达航班去某地 take a direct flight to sp 跟我爸爸给你核实一下 check it for you with my dad 二.重点句型 我以前去过那。 I?have been?there before. 你曾经去过北京吗? Have?you ever?been to?Beijing? 我正在收拾东西。 I am getting all my things. 这本书有什么特别的? What’s special about this book? 我是如此想念你。 I miss you so much. 我来香港已经两个月了。 I?have been in?Hongkong for two months. ?这个是送给你的。 Here’s one for you. 电影已经开始20分钟了。 The film?has been on?for 20 minutes. 游行结束好几小时了。 The parade?has been over?for hours. Kitty来香港两天了。 Kitty?has been in?Hongkong for two days. 自从上周二他就离开家了。 He?has been away?from home since last Tuesday. 这本书我已经借了好几天了。 I?have kept?this book with me for a few days. Simon自从去年就加入足球俱乐部了。 Simon?has been in / a member of?the Football Club since last year. 他们结婚15年了。 They?have been married?for 15 years. 这些鱼死了有一段时间了。 These fish?have been dead?for some time. 他觉得那很有趣。 He thinks it is great fun. 在寒冷的雪天爬山是危险的。 It is dangerous to climb mountains on cold and snowy days. 去那最好的时节是在春天或秋天。 The best time to go there is in spring and autumn. ?可能会下雨。 There may be some rain. / It may be rainy. / It may rain. 坐飞机去成都要多久? How long does it take to fly to Chengdu? 三.重点语法 现在完成时的构成:助动词have (has) +?过去分词 用法:1.?表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。? 2.?表示动作或状态从过去某一时刻开始,一直延续到现在,而且可能还要继续下去 常见时间状语有:already, yet, before, recently, for, since, never, ever, once, twice, so far, up to now, in the past/last ... years等 疑难拓展: 1. since?和?for的用法区别 ??since?用来说明动作的起始时间,for用来说明动作延续的长度。 ??1)使用since的情况:since +?一段时间?+ ago???e.g. I have been here since five years ago. ?? ??since +?一个过去的时间点???e.g. I have been busy since last Tuesday. ?? ??since +?一般过去时态的句子???e.g. I have visited many places since I came to Canada. 2)使用for?的情况:for +?一段时间???e.g. I have taught English for about 15 years. 2. already和yet的区别 already?多用于肯定句当中,通常位于过去分词之前;yet多用于疑问句或否定句的末尾。 3.?现在完成时中,短暂性动词与一段时间连用的两种方法 ??open, close, finish, begin, come, go, arrive, reach, get to, leave, move, borrow, buy, die等都是短暂性动词,不能直接跟表示一段时间的状语连用。短暂性动词与一段时间连用可通过以下两种方法: 1)用相应的延续性动词替代:become – be, come – be, close – be closed, open – be open, catch – have, come/arrive – be (in), leave/go – be away, start/begin – be on, finish – be over, buy – have, borrow/lend – keep, join – be in/be a member (of), die – be dead, fall asleep – be asleep, go to sleep – sleep, get married – be married, get up – be up, make friends – be friends, move – be out (of), put on – wear,?等。 e.g. I have kept this book for five days.?这本书我已经借了五天了。 2)用“It is ( has been) +?时间段+since从句 ???e.g. It is three years since he bought the computer.?他买这台电脑已有三年了。 4. have/has been to, have/has gone to, have/has been in的区别 have/has been to表示某人“去过某地”,现在已经不在某地了(人已经回来了);have/has gone to表示某人“去了某地”,可能在去的路上,也可能已经到达某地(人没回来);have/has been in表示某人“在某地”,可以和延续性时间状语连用。 e.g. He has been to the Great Wall twice.?他去过长城两次。(人已回来) ???He has gone to the cinema.?他去看电影了。(人没回来) ???He has been in Tibet for two years.?他在西藏待了两年。(人在西藏,表示动作的延续) 5.?现在完成时和一般过去时的区别 1)侧重点不同:现在完成时侧重于对现在的影响,而一般过去时侧重于某一动作发生在过去某个时间或某段时间,即现在完成时侧重于现在的结果,而一般过去时侧重于动作发生的时间,与现在无关。 e.g. I have seen the film.?我看过这部电影。(现在仍记得电影的内容) ???I saw the film three days ago.?三天前我看了这部电影。(强调是三天前,而不是别的时间) 2)时间状语不同:现在完成时常与already, yet, just, ever, never, before等副词以及for, since+过去时间/从句/一段时间+ago”等时间状语连用;而一般过去时则常与“一段时间+ago”,just now, yesterday, last week等表示过去时间的状语连用。 e.g. She has lived here since two years ago.?她两年前就住在这里了。 ???She lived here two years ago.?两年前她住在这里。 四.延续性动词 短暂性动词 延续性动词 现在完成时形式 leave be away ( from sp) have been away (from) borrow keep have kept buy have have had die be dead have been dead get married[来源:学科网] be married have been married join be in / be a member of have been in / have been a member of come back / return be back have been back go out be out have been out receive / get a letter / hear from have a letter have had a letter open be open have been open close be closed have been closed begin/start be on have been on stop / finish/ end be over have been over move to be in / live in have been in / have lived in get up be up have been up wake up be awake have been awake fall asleep be asleep have been asleep catch a cold have a cold have had a cold come / go / arrive/ reach / get to be in / at / on… have been in / at /on begin / start to do sth do sth have done sth get to know know have known put on wear have worn break down be broken have been broken get lost / lose one’s way be lost have been lost get angry / excited? be angry/ excited have been angry / excited? get worried / interested be worried / interested have been worried / interested become be have been get used to doing sth be used to doing sth have been used to doing sth

    进入下载页面

    免费资料

  • ID:4-5958503 江苏省宿迁市湖滨新区2018- 2019学年度第二学期八年级期末模拟试题(含答案及听力音频)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/本册综合


    湖滨新区2018—2019学年度第二学期期末模拟考试
    八 年 级 英 语 试 卷
    二、单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
    ( )21. —I’m very happy that China has sent up another satellite (卫星).—I have the same _______ too.
    A. hobby B. feeling C. advice D . news
    ( )22. I didn’t know anything about the accident _____ my friend told me.
    A. until B. if C. since D. after
    ( )23. Mr Chen lives in a flat and he feels a bit from time to time.
    A. alone; alone B. lonely; lonely C. alone; lonely D.lonely; alone
    ( )24. — , do you know the name of the film —The King’s Speech.
    A. By the way B. In their way C. In some ways D. In different ways
    ( )25. — Hello, this is Lily speaking. Could I speak to Mike
    — Sorry. He Xuefeng Park.
    A. has been to B. went to C. has gone to D. will go to
    ( )26. I ________the day before yesterday, I’ve _________for 2days.
    A. arrived, come back. B. reached, returned
    C. got, returned back D. arrived, been back
    ( )27. He’s already back from England,_______he
    A. hasn’t B. it C. has D. isn’t
    ( )28. — Would you like to go to the zoo with me tomorrow — If it , I .
    A. doesn’t rain; go B. won’t rain; will go C. won’t rain; go D. doesn’t rain; will go
    ( )29. I want to watch the news on TV. , please.
    A. Turn it on B. Turn on it C. Turn it off D. Turn off it
    ( )30. —Tom, hand out the papers right now! —Pardon I ______ about something else.
    A. am thinking B. was thinking C. thought D. have thought
    ( )31. The monkey to the zoo tomorrow morning.
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    江苏省宿迁市湖滨新区2018- 2019学年度第二学期八年级期末模拟试题.doc

  • ID:4-5958468 牛津译林版2018-2019学年八年级下学期英语期末测试卷(含听力材料及答案 无听力音频)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/本册综合

    21. —Is Doctor Green ________ ORBIS doctor
    —No, he is ________UNICEF volunteer. But he sometimes works with ORBIS.
    A. a; an B. an; a C. an; an D. a; a
    22. — When did you become a volunteer — I ________in this group since 2008.
    A. joined B. took part C. have joined D. have been
    23. You can’t wear shoes inside this place. It ________.
    ?A. doesn’t allow ? B. isn’t allowed? C. hasn’t allowed D. wasn’t allowed
    24. —It’s clever _____you to help me work out the difficult math problem. Thanks!
    —You are welcome. Now it’s easier ________ you to understand it.
    of; of B. of; for C. for; of D. for; for
    25. The gate of the factory should be wider. It is ________for two cars to go through.
    A. too wide B. wide enough C. not too wide D. not wide enough[来
    26. —What a thick fog! I went the wrong way at the corner and finally got lost.
    — It’s easy to make a wrong turn here even under an ideal weather________.
    A. conversation B. conclusion C. condition D. communication
    27. We students can collect food and old clothes for the homeless people, and the teachers can ________learning skills for the poor children.
    A. give B. offer C. prevent D. provide
    28. If we use new types of energy, they will produce little pollution. ______ they cost very little and never run out.
    A. However B. Moreover C. Otherwise D. For example
    29. — How can I get a present in the game show
    —You ________ one if you answer all the questions correctly.
    A. were given B. have given C. will be given D. have been given
    30. —The trip to Jurong was really interesting. We picked a lot of strawberries.
    —________, I agree with you, but there was too much traffic on the road and I felt sick.
    A. By the way B. In this way C. In some ways D. On my way
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    牛津译林版八年级下册第英语期末测试卷及答案-译林版(word版含答案).doc

  • ID:4-5958442 牛津译林英语 八年级下册Unit 8 A green world Reading 2课件(共30张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/Unit 8 A green world


    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8reading 2(共30张ppt):30张PPT
    8B Unit8 Reading 2
    Green Switzerland
    My online friend Martina wrote her
    blog last week about how they protect
    the (1)e___________ in Switzerland. In
    Switzerland, glass, plastic and paper
    are (2)s__________ into different
    groups and then (3)r_______.
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8reading 2(共30张ppt).pptx

  • ID:4-5958434 牛津译林英语 八年级下册Unit 8 A green world Reading 1课件(共28张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/Unit 8 A green world


    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8reading 1(共28张ppt):28张PPTFree talk
    What can we do to live a green life
    “ Green” here means protecting the environment
    Clean no pollution
    Reading 1
    Welcome to Switzerland
    [?sw?ts?l?nd] 瑞士
    a European country
    Study Objectives(学习目标)
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8reading 1(共28张ppt).pptx

  • ID:4-5958431 Unit 8 A green world Grammar(共34张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/Unit 8 A green world


    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8grammar(共34张ppt):34张PPT8B Unit 8
    Grammar
    Pass voice in the simple future tense
    save the dark Earth
    Protect
    me!
    World Environment Day is coming
    Youth Center
    Environment Week
    They will organize a lot of activities.
    A lot of activities will be organized.
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8grammar(共34张ppt).ppt

  • ID:4-5958428 Unit 8 A green world Reading 1 课件 (共26张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/Unit 8 A green world


    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8reading 1(共26张ppt):26张PPT牛津译林2011课标版
    8B Unit 8
    A green world
    Reading I
    Teaching aims
    To know about the country Switzerland
    To learn how people in Switzerland keep the country green and beautiful
    To understand the importance of protecting the environment
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8reading 1(共26张ppt).ppt

  • ID:4-5958425 Unit 8 A green world Integrated skills 课件 (共28张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级下/Unit 8 A green world


    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8integrated skills(共28张ppt):28张PPTUnit 8
    A green world
    Integrated skills
    Warming up
    How can we live a green life
    in our daily lives

    We can reduce air pollution by ___________.
    riding bicycles
    We can save water by __________________ .
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    牛津译林英语 八年级下册unit8integrated skills(共28张ppt).ppt