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初中英语中考专区真题分类汇编
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  • ID:4-6231600 2019年中考英语真题分类汇编:根据汉语写意思填词 (含解析)

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    根据汉语写意思填词 A)(2019湖南衡阳)词汇运用。根据所给汉语或英文首字母写出短文中所缺英语单词。(共5小题,计5分) Confucius, a pioneer in the field of (46)_________(教育). He was born in the year 551 B.C. He was a great thinker who had many wise ideas about human nature and behavior. His main ideas are about kindness and good manners. He was also a famous philosopher whose wise sayings have (47)i_________ many people in (48)d__________ countries. For example, one of his famous saying, “He who learns but does not think is lost; he who thinks but does not learn is in (49)d________”, tell us the (50)___________(重要性) of learning and thinking. B. 阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给汉语意思写出单词的正确形式(每空一词) 。 (2019·浙江嘉兴) Cooking was once regarded as a necessary part of education in England. But in recent years, it has become less important in schools. As a result, 36 (基础的) cooking and food preparation skills are being lost. It is also making more children overweight, as parents use too much fast food that is 37 (有害的) to their health. The government is worried and is looking for ways to 38 (解决) the problem. A new law has been passed. All secondly schools should offer cooking 39 (课程) to students aged from 11 to 14 years old.. They hope that this will encourage people to cook instead of eating__40__(准备好的) meals, fast food and snacks. Students will learn to cook for one hour a 41 (星期) for one term. They will learn to use simple and fresh ingredients(原料) to prepare healthy, tasty food, following 42 (说明) . These cooking skills will be helpful in their future life. Schools are also setting up cooking clubs all over the country. The clubs will 43 (提供) more children with the chance to learn to cook. There are still difficulties. Head teachers are worried about the things they will need for the cooking. And about 15% of schools do not have 44 (厨房) and there are not enough teachers The speaker from the government 45 (允诺) to train 800 teachers and to give schools 2. 5 million pounds a year to help children from poorer families to pay for ingredients. B.(2019·浙江金华、丽水)阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给汉语意思写出单词的正确形式。每空限填一词。 If you are tired of making human connections, Lovet can be a great choice for you.A Japanese company___51_____(发明)it in December, 2018. It is a friendly robot which can make___52____(孤独的)people feel the love. The____53___(名字)"Lovet"comes from the two words—"love" and "robot".With two bright eyes and a __54_____(柔软的)body, Lovet moves around your house and asks you for hugs. It doesn't talk,but chirps(作唧唧声). Lovet follows you with the help of a ___55____(照相机)on its head. It also has abilities to tell who you are by reading your face. It can____56___(甚至)remember up to 1000 faces. The robot cannot help you with housework,but it will___57____(发展)your ability to love.It moves around on three wheels and waves its two little____58____(手臂)to show surprise and love, or to ask for a hug. It sleeps when it's hugged and it follows you when it is called. It is ____59___(害羞的) around strangers.When you open the door, it will hide____60___(在……后面)you, If you want to make it laugh, just touch it. Lovet will do all it can to fill you with joy. (2019·浙江衢州) 五、词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,共10分) 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,写出空白处各单词的正确形式。每空限填一词。 (2019·浙江衢州) Many people go to Utah because they love hiking in Bryce Canyon National Park. They enjoy 51 (岩石) climbing, camping and so on. However, some people go to Utah for a very ___52 (不同的) experience. The Boulder Outdoor Survival(生存) School (BOSS) in Utah is the world’s oldest survival school. It teaches people how to stay alive outside without tents, or even backpacks. In Bryce Canyon, the days are very 53 (热的) and the nights are very cold. Not everyone wants to go and experience life without modern 54 (发明) like smart phones and e-books. Students at BOSS quickly learn that it is important to work hard and __55 (尝试) new things if they want to complete the training. In survival camps at BOSS, students don’t just practice camping, hiking or 56 (骑) horses. They go into the wild for days or weeks. They learn how to find 57 (新鲜的) water for drinking. They also learn how to make a fire, use a 58 (小刀) and find food to eat. Nature can often give them 59 (每件事) they need to survive. After these people go back to the real world, they may never use these skills again. Even if they don’t, at 60 (至少) they will always know that they can live without computers, electricity, and smart phones—even if it is only for a few days! B.根据短文内容和所给中文提示,在空白处写出单词的正确形式。每空一词。 (2019浙江台州)When I began working at Hillcrest High School three years ago, I was introduced to Sharon Dunn, the school’s headmistress. Her smart appearance and warm, friendly 51 (表情) made me like her at once. She is a small-boned, smiling 52 (女士) in her early fifties. She has shining blue eyes and soft 53 (银灰色的) hair. Although she dresses simply, she always manages to look nice. She is a very fair- minded person who 54 (对待) everyone at the school in the same way. Even when she is upset, she is actually very calm, which is shown by her ability to 55 (克制) her feelings in the most difficult situations. Her quiet voice and gentle, 56 (有礼貌的) manner make her popular with the children. Ms. Dunn has no children of her 57 (自己的), however, she says that she feels like a mother to all of the children in her school. In fact, she has no time for family life, since she gives her life to her job completely, Besides dealing with different leading 58 (任务)every day, she always takes time to talk to the teachers and parents 59 (耐心地). To my mind, Sharon Dunn is an educational 60 (专家) who is a wonderful role model, not only for the children but for the teachers, as well. (2019·浙江温州) B.根据短文内容和所给中文提示,用单词的正确形式完成以下短文。 Lydia runs, and picks up rubbish along the way. What she does is called “plogging”, an activity combining collecting rubbish with running. Last 46 (六月) she first learned the idea of plogging on the Internet and decided to plog. Lydia runs four or 47 (五) times a week and takes a daily walk with her two dogs. She often wears her gloves and takes several 48 (袋子) when she goes out. Sometimes she spends 49 (一半;半数) an hour collecting rubbish. She says she 50 (浪费) the last few years of her running life. Now she feels 51 (更好的) to do plogging than just running by the river. “It just takes a moment to stop and pick something up off the ground. 52 (然而),it makes big difference to my community. Now my husband also 53 (加入) me,” Lydia says 54 (自豪地). “It doesn’t matter how much rubbish I pick up. It’s a good way to protect our 55 (星球). (2019·浙江绍兴)B.阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给含义意思写出单词的正确形式(每空一词)。 A group of rubbish collectors in Turkey are recycling the books that people have thrown away. They have ___51___ (已经) created a mobile library. There are now over 9, 000 books, which are divided into 20 kinds, including ___52___ (医学的) care, politics, literature, history, healthy living and so on. The library is inside a ____53___ (卡车) that tours schools in the countryside. They hope to create a greater passion (热情) for reading books in children, ___54___ (尤其) in the age of mobile phones and computers. Many schools do not have a reading room or their ___55___ (自己的) library. The library has got lots of attention in Turkey. People from all over Turkey are ___56___ (送) their old books to the library. A ___57___ (女士) working at the mobile library said, “The interest is growing. Each day we have guests coming here to ___58___ (借) books or have a quiet time to read.” The director of the library said, “We have books here for kids aged from four to ___59___ (十), and books for older children, like world classics and ___60___ (诗). We hope that it will develop their love for books.” (2019浙江湖州)六、 单词拼写(本题有9小题,每小题1分,共9分) 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,在空白处写出正确的单词。每空限填一词。 In Chinese lunar calendar,people____57____(划分)the year into 24 solar terms(节气).Start of Summer means the coming of a new ___58___(季节)of summer,and it begins on May 6 and ends on May 21 this year.The temperature will ___59____(上升)quickly during this period. Here are three things about how Chinese greet the Start of Summer. Checking one's weight The ____60___(风俗)of weighing people at the Start of Summer started from the Three Kingdoms Period and is ____61____(仍然)popular in South Chinese today.It's said that this practice will bring health and good luck to the people weighed. Eating eggs In ancient China,people believed a ____62___(圆的)egg was a symbol of a happy life and eating eggs on the day of Start of Summer was a good___63___(愿望)for good health.People put leftover tea into boiled water together with eggs to create "tea egg".Today it has become a __64____(当地的)snack in many places of China. Taking care of the heart According to Chinese traditional medicine,Start of Summer is a key time to moisten the heart.When it grows hot,heat can affect human health.So people____65____(更喜欢)food such as fruit and vegetables rich in vitamins and cool in nature. 六、单词拼写(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) (2019宁夏)根据下列短文,写出与各小题所给汉语相应的英语单词(每空一词)。 As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse. Some chemical factories always pour (61)______ (废弃的) water into the (62)______ (河流). And they also (63)______ (产生) terrible gas. In some places, some people even have no clean water to drink. So I think we must do something to protect the environment. How to protect the environment? First, as a student, we should use cloth bags instead of (64) ______ (塑料的) bags when we go shopping. (65) ______ (第二), we’d better reuse the old textbooks as possible as we can. Third, we should never forget to turn off the lights when we leave the classrooms. In a word, we must try our best to protect our environment. I believe we can make the world a better place to live in. 根据汉语写意思填词 A)(2019湖南衡阳)词汇运用。根据所给汉语或英文首字母写出短文中所缺英语单词。(共5小题,计5分) Confucius, a pioneer in the field of (46)_________(教育). He was born in the year 551 B.C. He was a great thinker who had many wise ideas about human nature and behavior. His main ideas are about kindness and good manners. He was also a famous philosopher whose wise sayings have (47)i_________ many people in (48)d__________ countries. For example, one of his famous saying, “He who learns but does not think is lost; he who thinks but does not learn is in (49)d________”, tell us the (50)___________(重要性) of learning and thinking. 体裁 记叙文 话题 历史 词数 100 【主旨大意】孔子,教育界的先锋,出生于公元前551年。他还是一位伟大的思想家,对人性和行为有许多聪明的想法。他的主要思想是善良和礼貌。而且,孔子也是一位著名的哲学家。 【答案】 46. education 47. influenced 48. different 49. danger 50. importance 【解析】 46. education 所填写词作介词of的宾语,应用名词。education为名词,意为“教育”。 47. influenced 由下文的描写可知,孔子的哲理影响了很多人。have在这里为助动词,帮助构成现在完成时,这里需要动词的过去分词。influence为动词,意为“影响”,其过去分词为influenced。 48. different 所填写作定语,修饰名词countries,由首字母d可判断应用意为“不同的”different填写。 49. danger 由He who learns but does not think is lost可推知本句意为“学而不思则罔,思而不学则殆”,殆有“危险”之意。结合首字母d推断填名词danger。 50. importance 由前面的定冠词the提示填名词importance。 B. 阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给汉语意思写出单词的正确形式(每空一词) 。 (2019·浙江嘉兴) Cooking was once regarded as a necessary part of education in England. But in recent years, it has become less important in schools. As a result, 36 (基础的) cooking and food preparation skills are being lost. It is also making more children overweight, as parents use too much fast food that is 37 (有害的) to their health. The government is worried and is looking for ways to 38 (解决) the problem. A new law has been passed. All secondly schools should offer cooking 39 (课程) to students aged from 11 to 14 years old.. They hope that this will encourage people to cook instead of eating__40__(准备好的) meals, fast food and snacks. Students will learn to cook for one hour a 41 (星期) for one term. They will learn to use simple and fresh ingredients(原料) to prepare healthy, tasty food, following 42 (说明) . These cooking skills will be helpful in their future life. Schools are also setting up cooking clubs all over the country. The clubs will 43 (提供) more children with the chance to learn to cook. There are still difficulties. Head teachers are worried about the things they will need for the cooking. And about 15% of schools do not have 44 (厨房) and there are not enough teachers The speaker from the government 45 (允诺) to train 800 teachers and to give schools 2. 5 million pounds a year to help children from poorer families to pay for ingredients. 体裁 记叙文 话题:4. 日常生活 话题:12. 饮食 词数:272 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了在英国做饭是一种基本技能。但是最近几年,变得不重要了,政府正想一些办法来解决此事。 36. basic句意:事实上,基础的烹饪与食物准备技能正失去?考查形容词,作定语,表示“基础的”,应用basic。 37. harmful句意:当父母亲使用太多的对身体有害的快餐食物时,更多的孩子也变得超重了。形容词作表语;表示“有害的”。故答案是harmful。 38. solve句意:政府担心,正找一些办法来解决此问题。考查动词, 表示“解决”,因前有to, 故答案是solve。 39. courses/ lessons句意:所有的初中将提供给11-14岁的孩子烹饪课程。考查名词,因为是多节课,故用复数。故答案是courses/ lessons。 40. ready句意:他们希望这将鼓励更多的人做饭,而不是吃准备好的饭,快餐与小吃。表示“准备好的”,应用形容词ready。 41. week句意:学生将每学期每周学一小时烹饪。考查名词,表示“星期”,应用week。 42. instructions/ directions句意:根据说明书,他们将学会使用简单的,新鲜的原料来准备健康的,味道好的食物。表示“说明”,应用instructions/ directions。 43. provide句意:俱乐部将提供更多的孩子机会学会烹饪。will表示将来时,后跟动词原形,表示“提供”。故答案是provide。 44. kitchens句意:15%的学校没有厨房,也没有足够的老师。考查名词,表示“厨房”,应用kitchen。 45. promises句意:政府来的代言人允诺将训练800位老师,同时给学校二百五十万英镑用来帮助困难家庭的孩子买原料。表示“允诺”,应用 promises。 B.(2019·浙江金华、丽水)阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给汉语意思写出单词的正确形式。每空限填一词。 If you are tired of making human connections, Lovet can be a great choice for you.A Japanese company___51_____(发明)it in December, 2018. It is a friendly robot which can make___52____(孤独的)people feel the love. The____53___(名字)"Lovet"comes from the two words—"love" and "robot".With two bright eyes and a __54_____(柔软的)body, Lovet moves around your house and asks you for hugs. It doesn't talk,but chirps(作唧唧声). Lovet follows you with the help of a ___55____(照相机)on its head. It also has abilities to tell who you are by reading your face. It can____56___(甚至)remember up to 1000 faces. The robot cannot help you with housework,but it will___57____(发展)your ability to love.It moves around on three wheels and waves its two little____58____(手臂)to show surprise and love, or to ask for a hug. It sleeps when it's hugged and it follows you when it is called. It is ____59___(害羞的) around strangers.When you open the door, it will hide____60___(在……后面)you, If you want to make it laugh, just touch it. Lovet will do all it can to fill you with joy. 体裁 说明文 话题 22. 科普知识与现代技术 (77) 科普知识 词数 219 51.invented 52.lonely 53.name 54.soft 55.camera 56.even 57.develop 58.arms 59.shy 60.behind 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍一种友好的机器人——Lovet。 51.invented 句意:一家日本公司于2018年12月发明了它。invent发明,由时间状语in December, 2018可知要用一般过去时。故填invented。 52.lonely 句意:它是一个友好的机器人,能让孤独的人感受到爱。lonely/alone孤独的,形容精神孤独,故填lonely。 53.name 句意:名字"Lovet"来自两个单词。name名字,由谓语动词comes可知,要用单数形式,故填name。 54.soft 句意:两个明亮的眼睛和_____身体,Lovet在你的房子周围移动,并要求你拥抱。soft柔软的,形容词作定语修饰名词body,故填soft。 55.camera 句意:Lovet在头上的照相机的帮助下跟着你。camera照相机,由不定冠词a可知要用单数,故填camera。 56.even 句意:它甚至可以记住多达1000张脸。even甚至,副词修饰动词remember,故填even。 57.develop 句意:机器人不能帮你做家务,但它会培养你爱的能力。develop发展,培养,一般将来时结构:will+动词原形,故填develop。 58.arms 句意:它用三个轮子转来转去,挥动它的两只小胳膊,表示惊讶和爱,或者请求拥抱。arm手臂,由基数词two可知要用复数形式,故填arm。 59.shy 句意:它在陌生人面前很害羞。shy害羞的,形容词作表语,故填shy。 60.behind 句意:当你打开门的时候,它会藏在你身后,如果你想让它发笑,只需触摸它。behind在……后面,符合题意,故填behind。 (2019·浙江衢州) 五、词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,共10分) 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,写出空白处各单词的正确形式。每空限填一词。 (2019·浙江衢州) Many people go to Utah because they love hiking in Bryce Canyon National Park. They enjoy 51 (岩石) climbing, camping and so on. However, some people go to Utah for a very ___52 (不同的) experience. The Boulder Outdoor Survival(生存) School (BOSS) in Utah is the world’s oldest survival school. It teaches people how to stay alive outside without tents, or even backpacks. In Bryce Canyon, the days are very 53 (热的) and the nights are very cold. Not everyone wants to go and experience life without modern 54 (发明) like smart phones and e-books. Students at BOSS quickly learn that it is important to work hard and __55 (尝试) new things if they want to complete the training. In survival camps at BOSS, students don’t just practice camping, hiking or 56 (骑) horses. They go into the wild for days or weeks. They learn how to find 57 (新鲜的) water for drinking. They also learn how to make a fire, use a 58 (小刀) and find food to eat. Nature can often give them 59 (每件事) they need to survive. After these people go back to the real world, they may never use these skills again. Even if they don’t, at 60 (至少) they will always know that they can live without computers, electricity, and smart phones—even if it is only for a few days! 【答案】51. rock 52. different 53. hot 54. inventions 55. try 56. riding 57. fresh 58. knife 59. everything 60. least 体裁: 说明文 话题:8. 合作与交流 话题:13. 自我保护 话题:18. 使用互联网 词数 261 【主旨大意】本文是说明文。介绍了世界上最古老的生存学校——位于美国犹他州的Boulder Outdoor Survival(生存)学校(BOSS)。它教人们如何在没有帐篷,甚至背包的情况下在户外活着。他们可以在没有电脑,电力和智能手机的情况下生活几天。 【解析】 51. rock 本题考查名词修饰名词,除了含有man、woman,修饰名词时,两者都需要用复数形式,其余名词修饰名词,前者的名词只有单数形式。故答案是rock。 52. different 观察a very … experience,其中的very修饰其后的形容词原级,表示“不同的”,应用different。故答案是different。 53. hot 根据句中的are very,可知此处应用形容词的原级,与are构成系表结构。表示“热的”,应用hot。 54. inventions 根据空格后的like smart phones and e-books可知此处是“多项发明创造”,其次空格前的modern,没有不定冠词a或an,可知此处应用复数形式。故答案是inventions。 55. try 本题考查固定句型It is + adj. + to do sth,根据句中的and,此处承前省略to,应用动词原形。表示“尝试”,应用try。 56. rising 根据前面的camping、hiking,此处也应该用动词“骑马”的-ing形式,即 riding。 57. fresh 根据形容词修饰其后的名词,此处表示“新鲜的”,应用fresh。 58. knife 空格前有a,说明此处应用可数名词的单数形式。表示“小刀”,应用knife。 59. everything 本题考查give后接双宾语结构,此处表示“每件事”,应用everything。 60. least考查固定短语,表示“至少”,应用at least。故答案是least。 B.根据短文内容和所给中文提示,在空白处写出单词的正确形式。每空一词。 (2019浙江台州)When I began working at Hillcrest High School three years ago, I was introduced to Sharon Dunn, the school’s headmistress. Her smart appearance and warm, friendly 51 (表情) made me like her at once. She is a small-boned, smiling 52 (女士) in her early fifties. She has shining blue eyes and soft 53 (银灰色的) hair. Although she dresses simply, she always manages to look nice. She is a very fair- minded person who 54 (对待) everyone at the school in the same way. Even when she is upset, she is actually very calm, which is shown by her ability to 55 (克制) her feelings in the most difficult situations. Her quiet voice and gentle, 56 (有礼貌的) manner make her popular with the children. Ms. Dunn has no children of her 57 (自己的), however, she says that she feels like a mother to all of the children in her school. In fact, she has no time for family life, since she gives her life to her job completely, Besides dealing with different leading 58 (任务)every day, she always takes time to talk to the teachers and parents 59 (耐心地). To my mind, Sharon Dunn is an educational 60 (专家) who is a wonderful role model, not only for the children but for the teachers, as well. 体裁:记叙文 话题:1. 个人情况(1) 个人情况(5) 工作与职业 词数:250 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。讲述一位和蔼可亲、平易近人、公正待人的女校长。她一心扑在事业上,没有自己的孩子,但她却像全校学生的妈妈,受到全校师生的好评。 【答案】51.expression(s) 52.lady 53.silver 54.treats 55.control 56.polite 57.own 58.tasks 59.patiently 60.expert 【解析】 51.expression(s) 分析句子成分可知,形容词修饰名词,在这里既可以用单数也可以用复数。表情”为expression,故填expression(s)。 52.lady 前面有不定冠词a,应该填可数名词的单数。“女士”为lady,故填lady。 53.silver 分析句子成分可知,此处修饰头发要用形容词。“银灰色的”为silver,故填silver。 54.treats 主语为a person,故谓语动词用第三人称单数修饰。“对待”为treat,故填treats。 55.control 动词不定式作her ability的后置定语。“克制”为control,故填control。 56.polite 分析句子成分可知,形容词修饰manner。“礼貌的”为polite,故填polite。 57.own “自己的”为own,常常放在形容词性物主代词之后。故填own。 58.tasks 分析句子结构,缺少完整的宾语,且有different来修饰,应该用task的复数形式。“任务”为task,故填tasks。 59.patiently 句意“她总是花费时间和老师、家长耐心地谈心”。修饰谓语动词,应用副词patiently。“耐心的”为patient,故填patiently。 60.expert 由句意可知,“Sharon是一位教育专家”。“专家”为expert。故填expert。 (2019·浙江温州) B.根据短文内容和所给中文提示,用单词的正确形式完成以下短文。 Lydia runs, and picks up rubbish along the way. What she does is called “plogging”, an activity combining collecting rubbish with running. Last 46 (六月) she first learned the idea of plogging on the Internet and decided to plog. Lydia runs four or 47 (五) times a week and takes a daily walk with her two dogs. She often wears her gloves and takes several 48 (袋子) when she goes out. Sometimes she spends 49 (一半;半数) an hour collecting rubbish. She says she 50 (浪费) the last few years of her running life. Now she feels 51 (更好的) to do plogging than just running by the river. “It just takes a moment to stop and pick something up off the ground. 52 (然而),it makes big difference to my community. Now my husband also 53 (加入) me,” Lydia says 54 (自豪地). “It doesn’t matter how much rubbish I pick up. It’s a good way to protect our 55 (星球). 体裁 说明文 话题 1.体育健身 2.环境保护 词数 194 非中文单词:169 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。短文介绍了Lydia所做的跑步捡垃圾这项运动。介绍了她每日坚持的这项运动的过程和意义,最后她的丈夫也加入这项运动来保护我们的地球环境。 46.June根据汉语提示,用June表示“六月”。 47.five前文的基数词four提示or联结的是基数词。用five表示“五”。 48.bags用名词bag表示“袋子”,several修饰名词复数形式。 49.half用half表示“半”,half an hour表示“半小时”。 50.wasted/ has wasted用动词waste表示“浪费”,根据句意可以用一般过去时表示过去的动作,也可以用现在完成时态强调到现在为止的动作。 51.better 系动词feel后用good的比较级better表示“更好”。 52.However空格后的逗号提示用副词however表示“然而”。 53.joins用动词join表示“加入某人或某团体”,时间状语now提示用一般现在时态,主语my husband是第三人称单数,因此动词也要用第三人称单数。 54.proudly根据汉语提示,此处需要用副词proudly修饰动词say,表示“自豪地说”。 55.planet根据汉语提示用planet表示“星球”,指卫星。 (2019·浙江绍兴)B.阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给含义意思写出单词的正确形式(每空一词)。 A group of rubbish collectors in Turkey are recycling the books that people have thrown away. They have ___51___ (已经) created a mobile library. There are now over 9, 000 books, which are divided into 20 kinds, including ___52___ (医学的) care, politics, literature, history, healthy living and so on. The library is inside a ____53___ (卡车) that tours schools in the countryside. They hope to create a greater passion (热情) for reading books in children, ___54___ (尤其) in the age of mobile phones and computers. Many schools do not have a reading room or their ___55___ (自己的) library. The library has got lots of attention in Turkey. People from all over Turkey are ___56___ (送) their old books to the library. A ___57___ (女士) working at the mobile library said, “The interest is growing. Each day we have guests coming here to ___58___ (借) books or have a quiet time to read.” The director of the library said, “We have books here for kids aged from four to ___59___ (十), and books for older children, like world classics and ___60___ (诗). We hope that it will develop their love for books.” 体裁:说明文 话题:社会组织 词数:202 【主旨大意】本文主要介绍“土耳其的移动图书馆”。该图书馆通过回收旧书,供人们借阅使用。 【答案】51.already 52.medical 53.truck 54.especially 55.own 56.sending/giving 57.lady 58.borrow 59.ten 60.poems 【解析】 51.already 句意:他们已经成立了一个移动图书馆。该句子为现在完成时态,且根据汉语提示知填already“已经”。 52.medical 句意:现有书籍9000余本,分为20种,包括“医学”、“政治”、“文学”、“历史”、“健康生活”等。根据汉语提示及关键词“care” ,可知答案,medical care为固定搭配,意为“医疗保健/护理”。故填medical“医学的,医疗的”。 53.truck 句意:图书馆在乡村旅游学校的卡车里。空格前有不定冠词a限定,且根据汉语知填truck“卡车”。 54.especially 句意:他们希望为儿童读书创造更大的热情,尤其是在手机和电脑(飞速发展的)时代。根据汉语提示可知填especially“尤其,特别”。 55.own 句意:许多学校没有阅览室或他们自己的图书馆。根据汉语提示可知填own“自己的”。 56.sending/giving 句意:来自土耳其各地的人们将他们的旧书送到图书馆。观察句式特点,且空格前有系动词are,则推出该句子时态为现在进行时态,故能表达“送”的含义的词可填sending或giving。 57.lady 句意:一位工作在移动图书馆的女士说:“(阅读)兴趣蔚然成风”。根据汉语提示可知填lady“女士”。 58.borrow 句意:每天我们都有客人来这里借书,或者有一个安静的时间阅读。根据汉语可知填borrow“借”。 59.ten 句意:我们这里有供四到十岁孩子看的书,……from four to ten“从四到十岁”。 60.poems 句意:对于大一些的孩子来说,我们有世界古典书籍和诗集(等)。根据汉语提示可知填poems“诗”。 (2019浙江湖州)六、 单词拼写(本题有9小题,每小题1分,共9分) 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,在空白处写出正确的单词。每空限填一词。 In Chinese lunar calendar,people____57____(划分)the year into 24 solar terms(节气).Start of Summer means the coming of a new ___58___(季节)of summer,and it begins on May 6 and ends on May 21 this year.The temperature will ___59____(上升)quickly during this period. Here are three things about how Chinese greet the Start of Summer. Checking one's weight The ____60___(风俗)of weighing people at the Start of Summer started from the Three Kingdoms Period and is ____61____(仍然)popular in South Chinese today.It's said that this practice will bring health and good luck to the people weighed. Eating eggs In ancient China,people believed a ____62___(圆的)egg was a symbol of a happy life and eating eggs on the day of Start of Summer was a good___63___(愿望)for good health.People put leftover tea into boiled water together with eggs to create "tea egg".Today it has become a __64____(当地的)snack in many places of China. Taking care of the heart According to Chinese traditional medicine,Start of Summer is a key time to moisten the heart.When it grows hot,heat can affect human health.So people____65____(更喜欢)food such as fruit and vegetables rich in vitamins and cool in nature. 体裁:记叙文 话题:15. 天气 词数:227 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍三种欢迎夏初到来的三件事。 57.divide【解析】句意:在中国的农历中,人们把一年分成24个节气。Divide划分,讲述客观事实用一般现在时,主语为复数,故填divide。 58.season【解析】句意:夏初意味着一个新的夏季季节的到来,它从5月6日开始到今年5月21日结束。Season季节,由不定冠词a可知要用单数形式,故填season。 59.rise【解析】句意:在此期间,温度将迅速上升。Rise上升,用原形与will构成一般将来时,故填rise。 60.custom【解析】句意: 夏初称人的重量的风俗始于三国时期,至今仍盛行于华南地区。Custom风俗,特指用单数,故填custom。 61.still【解析】句意: 夏初称人的重量的风俗始于三国时期,至今仍盛行于华南地区。Still仍然,故填still。 62.round【解析】句意:在中国古代,人们认为圆鸡蛋是幸福生活的象征,在夏初吃鸡蛋是健康的良好愿望。Round圆的,形容词修饰名词egg,故填round。 63.wish【解析】句意:在中国古代,人们认为圆鸡蛋是幸福生活的象征,在夏初吃鸡蛋是健康的良好愿望。wish愿望,根据句意及汉语提示,故填wish。 64.local【解析】句意:今天它已经成为中国许多地方的一种当地小吃。Local当地的,根据句意及首字母提示,故填local。 65.prefer【解析】句意:所以人们更喜欢水果和蔬菜等富含维生素和自然凉爽的食物。Prefer更喜欢,一般现在时,主语为复数,故填prefer。 六、单词拼写(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) (2019宁夏)根据下列短文,写出与各小题所给汉语相应的英语单词(每空一词)。 As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse. Some chemical factories always pour (61)______ (废弃的) water into the (62)______ (河流). And they also (63)______ (产生) terrible gas. In some places, some people even have no clean water to drink. So I think we must do something to protect the environment. How to protect the environment? First, as a student, we should use cloth bags instead of (64) ______ (塑料的) bags when we go shopping. (65) ______ (第二), we’d better reuse the old textbooks as possible as we can. Third, we should never forget to turn off the lights when we leave the classrooms. In a word, we must try our best to protect our environment. I believe we can make the world a better place to live in. 体裁 议论文 话题 环境保护 词数 147 【主旨大意】本文是议论文,作者就如何保护环境提出了几条合理建议。 61.waste 62.river 63.produce 64.plastic 65.Second

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  • ID:4-6231557 2019年中考英语真题分类汇编:用所给词的适当形式填空(含解析答案)

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    2019年中考英语真题分类汇编 用所给词的适当形式填空 (2019.山东滨州)六、词汇应用 (共10小题, 计10分) 阅读下面短文,用括号内所给词的适当形式填空,必要时可加助动词或情态动词。 Have you ever read the book A Brief History of Time? It (71) (write) by Stephen Hawking in 2013. Stephen Hawking was born on January 8th, 1942, exactly 300 years after the death of Galileo in Oxford, England. At the age of eleven, Stephen went to Oxford University, his father’s old college. After three years, he won a first class honour degree in (72)_______ (nature) science. In October 1962, Stephen arrived at the University of Cambridge (73)_______ (do) research. He (74)_______ (real) enjoyed his time there. Unluckily, Stephen had a bad (75)_______ (ill) shortly after his 21st birthday in 1963 and was given two years to live. Yet he went on (76)_______ (work) hard to become an excellent scientist. Stephen didn’t live by (77)_______ (he), he fell in love with Jane Wilde and they got (78)_______ (marry) in 1965, then they had three (79)_______ (child). Stephen liked China very much, he had visited China several times. On November 24th, 2017, Hawking (80)_______ (reply) Wang Junkai on his Weibo. He said he was pleased to answer the excellent question from Mr. Wang Junkai. He once said, “My goal is simple, it is complete understanding of the universe (宇宙).” Stephen Hawking is regarded as one of the most famous scientists since Einstein. Hawking died on March 14th, 2018. B (2019·山东济宁) China’s first set of AI (人工智能) textbooks 6 (come) into the classrooms of primary and secondary schools soon in many parts of China. The AI textbooks have already appeared in Shanghai and some experts 7 (test) some of them. It’s said that these AI textbooks are popular with local students. It is reported that 8 (hundred) of schools in China will use the textbooks for primary and secondary school students in 2019. These schools plan 9 (use) them in some of their classes as an experiment. In fact, AI has brought huge benefits (好处) to the education field. Students can not only choose 10 (they) own ways to study, but also can study at home without going to school. (2019山东潍坊) B 阅读下面短文,用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空,必要时可加助动词。(共10小题,满分10分) She used to sleep on the sidewalk of the Fifth Street Post Office. I could smell her before I came close. She 26 (wear) dirty clothes and her mouth was nearly toothless. If she was not asleep, she talked to 27 (she). What a poor old lady! One Thanksgiving, we had lots of food 28 (leave) over. I thought about the old lady. She might be still hungry. So I packed the food up and rode over to the Fifth Street. It was a cold night. There was hardly anyone out. But I knew she would stay at the same place and I would find her 29 (easy). There she was, sitting against a tree near the post office. She 30 (dress) as she always was. I went to her and said, “I’ve brought you some food. Would you like some turkey and apple pie?” However, the old woman didn’t seem to be very 31 (excite) about this. She looked at me and said, “Oh, thank you very much, but someone 32 (give) me food earlier and I’m quite full now. Why don’t you take it to someone else who 33 (need) it?” Her manners were gracious (亲切的). I was the person who didn’t know what 34 (say). An old lady whose life was 35 (bad) than most of us still thought about others. Why don’t more of us do that? A)阅读下面短文,用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空。 (2019·四川乐山) One day, Mr. and Mrs. Smith are celebrating their ____81____ (sixty) birthday. They got ____82____ (marry) 30 years ago. During the party an angel (天使) turns up. “You’ve been such a____83____ (love) couple for 30 years. I will give you one wish each,” the angel says. Mrs. Smith wants ____84____ (travel) around the world. The angel waves her wand (手杖) and boom (隆地一声)! Mrs. Smith has the tickets in her hand. Next, it is Mr. Smith’s turn. He thinks for a moment. “Well, I’d like to have a woman 30 years ____85____ (young) than me,” he says shyly. The angel lifts up her wand, and boom! He turns 90. X.(2019河北)词语运用(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分) 根据短文内容及所给提示,在文中的横线上填写一个正确的单词。 (2019河北) I have a photo album (相册). It’s a present from my classmate—David. I got to know David on the 71. ________ (two) day of middle school. We both liked playing basketball and collecting stamps, 72. s________ we always had a lot of things to talk about. Once I traveled with him to his hometown in the countryside. He showed me 73. a________ and I saw many interesting things. We had a 74. ________ (wonder) time. It is really nice to have such 75. ________ good classmate. However, last summer, David 76. ________ (go) to another city because of his father’s job. Before leaving, he gave 77. ________ (I) a photo album. “It has the memorable events we have experienced together. I have also written some 78. ________ (note) under each of these photos,” he said. I was 79. ________ (deep) moved. I always look at the album when I think 80. ________ David. I really miss him. 第三节 短文填空(共 10小题,每小题1.5分,共计15分) (2019·贵州遵义)阅读下面短文,在空白处填人一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。 I have two fiends in our class Rick and Scott. Rick has a good lifestyle. He sleeps eight or nine 61 (hour) a day. So he can get up early in the morning. He exercises every day before having breakfast. He runs three times every week and plays soccer_ 62 (one) a week. He also has good eating habits. He_ 63 (try) to eat all kinds of fruits. He thinks apples are the_ 64 (delicious) of all fruits. He believes, “Having_ 65 apple every day keeps the 66 (ill) away." He drinks milk every day and often eats vegetables. He likes hamburgers 67 he doesn't eat too much. He looks after his health well. Good eating habits and doing exercises everyday are good for him. Scott is different_ 68 Rick. He is kind of_ 69 (health). He doesn't like doing exercise and sleeps too late. He likes eating junk food, too. He is fat now, and he_ 70 (ask) to lose weight by his doctor. (2019云南昆明) 第一节 单词填空 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空,使语篇意思完整,必要时请用否定式。(共10小题, 每小题1分,满分10分) While some people stick to only 66 (first) kind of movie, I like to watch different kinds depending on how I feel that day. When I’m down or tired, I prefer movies that can cheer me up. Comedies or cartoons have funny dialog and 67 (usual) have a happy ending. The characters may not be perfect, but they do 68 (them) best to solve the problems. 69 (after) watching them, I find the problems suddenly seem less serious and feel much better. Laughing for two hours is a good way 70__ (relax)! I don’t watch dramas or documentaries when I’m sad or tired. Dramas make me feel even 71 (sad). Documentaries 72 (provide) plenty of information about a certain subject, but when I’m tired I don’t want to think too much. I don’t mind action movies when I’m too tired to think. I can just shut off my brain, sit back and enjoy 73 (watch) an exciting superhero. Once in a while, I like to watch scary 74 (movie). They can be fun, but I’m too scared to watch them alone, so I always bring my brother. He 67 (are) afraid of these kinds of movies, and I don’t feel so scared with him. 2019年中考英语真题分类汇编 用所给词的适当形式填空 (2019.山东滨州)六、词汇应用 (共10小题, 计10分) 阅读下面短文,用括号内所给词的适当形式填空,必要时可加助动词或情态动词。 Have you ever read the book A Brief History of Time? It (71) (write) by Stephen Hawking in 2013. Stephen Hawking was born on January 8th, 1942, exactly 300 years after the death of Galileo in Oxford, England. At the age of eleven, Stephen went to Oxford University, his father’s old college. After three years, he won a first class honour degree in (72)_______ (nature) science. In October 1962, Stephen arrived at the University of Cambridge (73)_______ (do) research. He (74)_______ (real) enjoyed his time there. Unluckily, Stephen had a bad (75)_______ (ill) shortly after his 21st birthday in 1963 and was given two years to live. Yet he went on (76)_______ (work) hard to become an excellent scientist. Stephen didn’t live by (77)_______ (he), he fell in love with Jane Wilde and they got (78)_______ (marry) in 1965, then they had three (79)_______ (child). Stephen liked China very much, he had visited China several times. On November 24th, 2017, Hawking (80)_______ (reply) Wang Junkai on his Weibo. He said he was pleased to answer the excellent question from Mr. Wang Junkai. He once said, “My goal is simple, it is complete understanding of the universe (宇宙).” Stephen Hawking is regarded as one of the most famous scientists since Einstein. Hawking died on March 14th, 2018. 体裁 记叙文 话题 著名人物 词数 236 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了著名的科学家斯蒂芬·霍金的人生经历。 【答案】 71. was?written? 72.?natural 73. to?do? 74. really? 75. illness?? 76. walking? 77.?himself? 78. married 79. children 80. replied 【解析】 71. was?written? 句意:这是斯蒂芬·霍金在2013年写的。主语it(the book)与谓语动词write是被动关系,这本书是在过去写的,故此处应用一般过去时被动语态,结构为:was/were+过去分词,主语是it应用was,write的过去分词是written,故填was written。 72.?natural 句意:三年后,他获得了自然科学一级荣誉学位。nature是名词,意为“自然”,此处应用形容词修饰空后的名词science,nature的形容词是natural“自然的”,故填natural。 73. to?do? 句意:在1962年10月,斯蒂芬来到剑桥大学做研究。根据句意可知,此处应用动词do的不定式结构做目的状语,故填to do。 74. really? 句意:他在那儿过得很愉快。real是形容词,此处应用其副词形式really修饰动词enjoyed,故填really。 75. illness?? 句意:不幸的是,斯蒂芬在1963年21岁生日后不久就得了重病。a bad后接单数名词,ill是形容词“生病的”,名词是illness“疾病”,故填illness。 76. working? 句意:但他仍继续努力工作成为一名优秀的科学家。keep on doing sth.是固定搭配,意为“继续做某事”,故填working。 77.?himself? 句意:斯蒂芬不是单独居住,他爱上了Jane Wilde。by oneself是固定短语,意为“独自,单独”,he的反身代词是himself,故填himself。 78. married 句意:他们在1965年结婚,然后他们有了三个孩子。get married是固定短语,意为“结婚”,故填married。 79. children 句意:他们在1965年结婚,然后他们有了三个孩子。由空前three可知,此处应用child的复数children。 80. replied 句意:2017年11月24日,霍金在微博上回复了王俊凯。由时间状语On?November?24th,?2017可知,此处谓语动词应用一般过去时;reply的过去式是replied,故填replied。 B (2019·山东济宁) China’s first set of AI (人工智能) textbooks 6 (come) into the classrooms of primary and secondary schools soon in many parts of China. The AI textbooks have already appeared in Shanghai and some experts 7 (test) some of them. It’s said that these AI textbooks are popular with local students. It is reported that 8 (hundred) of schools in China will use the textbooks for primary and secondary school students in 2019. These schools plan 9 (use) them in some of their classes as an experiment. In fact, AI has brought huge benefits (好处) to the education field. Students can not only choose 10 (they) own ways to study, but also can study at home without going to school. 体裁 说明文 话题:22. 科普知识与现代技术 词数 127 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。中国第一套人工智能教科书即将进入中国许多地方的中小学课堂。人工智能教科书已经在上海问世,并进行了测试。据说这些人工智能教科书很受当地学生的欢迎。据悉,到2019年,中国将有数百所中小学使用这种教科书。这些学校计划在他们的一些班级作为实验进行使用。事实上,人工智能给教育界带来了巨大的好处。学生不仅可以选择他们自己的学习方式,还可以不用上学就能在家学习。 答案:6. will come 7. have tested 8. hundreds 9. to use 10. their 6. will come【解析】中国第一套人工智能教科书不久将进入中国许多地区的中小学课堂。根据句中时间状语soon可知,应用一般将来时。 7. have tested【解析】人工智能教科书已经在上海问世,一些专家已经测试了其中一些。根据前半句中的谓语时态是现在完成时,此处表示并列关系,可知test也应用现在完成时。 8. hundreds【解析】据悉,到2019年,中国将有数百所中小学使用这种教科书。hundreds of数以百计的。 9. to use 【解析】这些学校计划在一些班级中用它们作为实验。plan to do sth计划做某事。 10. their 【解析】学生不仅可以选择自己的学习方式,还可以不用上学就能在家学习。“物主代词 + own + 名词”是一个固定搭配,以为“某人自己的……”。 (2019山东潍坊) B 阅读下面短文,用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空,必要时可加助动词。(共10小题,满分10分) She used to sleep on the sidewalk of the Fifth Street Post Office. I could smell her before I came close. She 26 (wear) dirty clothes and her mouth was nearly toothless. If she was not asleep, she talked to 27 (she). What a poor old lady! One Thanksgiving, we had lots of food 28 (leave) over. I thought about the old lady. She might be still hungry. So I packed the food up and rode over to the Fifth Street. It was a cold night. There was hardly anyone out. But I knew she would stay at the same place and I would find her 29 (easy). There she was, sitting against a tree near the post office. She 30 (dress) as she always was. I went to her and said, “I’ve brought you some food. Would you like some turkey and apple pie?” However, the old woman didn’t seem to be very 31 (excite) about this. She looked at me and said, “Oh, thank you very much, but someone 32 (give) me food earlier and I’m quite full now. Why don’t you take it to someone else who 33 (need) it?” Her manners were gracious (亲切的). I was the person who didn’t know what 34 (say). An old lady whose life was 35 (bad) than most of us still thought about others. Why don’t more of us do that? 题材 记叙文 话题 人与社会 词数 251 【主旨大意】短文是一篇记叙文。记叙了作者和一位流浪的老太太的故事。作者牵挂着这位流浪的老太太,在感恩节晚上给她送食物的时候,老太太由于自己已经吃饱饭建议作者把食物送给别的需要的人。这一举动使作者深受震撼。 26.wore【解析】并列连词and并列两个句子时态一致。下文的was提示用wear的一般过去时态。 27.herself 【解析】主语she提示用反身代词herself构成短语talk to oneself表示“自言自语”。 28.left【解析】用过去分词作定语,表示“剩下的食物”。和名词存在被动关系。 29.easily【解析】用副词修饰动词find表示“容易地找到”。 30.was dressed【解析】短语be dressed表示“穿着”,指持续的状态。 31.excited【解析】主语woman提示用形容词excited作表语,表示“(感到)兴奋的;(感到)激动的”。 32.has given【解析】下文I’m quite full now.“我现在很饱了”提示上文用动词的现在完成时态表示对现在造成的影响。 33.needs 【解析】定语从句引导词who代替的是someone,提示定语从句的谓语动词用一般现在时第三人称单数形式。 34.to say【解析】特殊疑问词和动词不定式构成固定结构,本句中作宾语,表示“不知道说什么”。 35.worse【解析】下文的than提示用bad的比较级形式worse。 A)阅读下面短文,用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空。 (2019·四川乐山) One day, Mr. and Mrs. Smith are celebrating their ____81____ (sixty) birthday. They got ____82____ (marry) 30 years ago. During the party an angel (天使) turns up. “You’ve been such a____83____ (love) couple for 30 years. I will give you one wish each,” the angel says. Mrs. Smith wants ____84____ (travel) around the world. The angel waves her wand (手杖) and boom (隆地一声)! Mrs. Smith has the tickets in her hand. Next, it is Mr. Smith’s turn. He thinks for a moment. “Well, I’d like to have a woman 30 years ____85____ (young) than me,” he says shyly. The angel lifts up her wand, and boom! He turns 90. 体裁:记叙文 话题:2. (6) 家人和亲友 话题:24. 故事 词数:120 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。短文叙述了史密斯夫妇在庆祝他们的六十大寿聚会上,天使要他们夫妇俩各许一个愿,并帮他们实现了各自的愿望。 【答案】81. 60th/ sixtieth 82. married 83. loving / lovely 84. to travel 85. younger 81. 60th/ sixtieth 句意:一天,史密斯夫妇正在庆祝他们的六十大寿。their 60th/ sixtieth birthday他们的第60个生日。此处应用序数词。 82. married 句意:他们30年前结婚了。get married 结婚。 83. loving / lovely 句意:30年来,你们一直是如此恩爱/可爱的一对。loving ?充满爱的; lovely 可爱的,填在句中都讲得通。 84. to travel 句意:史密斯太太想环游世界。want to do sth. 想做某事,故填to travel。85. younger 句意:嗯,我想要一个比我年轻30岁的女人。句中than暗示了,填比较级younger。 X.(2019河北)词语运用(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分) 根据短文内容及所给提示,在文中的横线上填写一个正确的单词。 (2019河北) I have a photo album (相册). It’s a present from my classmate—David. I got to know David on the 71. ________ (two) day of middle school. We both liked playing basketball and collecting stamps, 72. s________ we always had a lot of things to talk about. Once I traveled with him to his hometown in the countryside. He showed me 73. a________ and I saw many interesting things. We had a 74. ________ (wonder) time. It is really nice to have such 75. ________ good classmate. However, last summer, David 76. ________ (go) to another city because of his father’s job. Before leaving, he gave 77. ________ (I) a photo album. “It has the memorable events we have experienced together. I have also written some 78. ________ (note) under each of these photos,” he said. I was 79. ________ (deep) moved. I always look at the album when I think 80. ________ David. I really miss him. 体裁:记叙文 话题:2. 朋友 词数:161 【答案】71. second 72.so 73. around 74. wonderful 75. a 76. went 77. me 78. notes 79. deeply 80. of 【解析】 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲述了作者和大卫之间真挚的友谊。作者和大卫志趣相投、亲密无间。后来他转学时送给作者一本相册,每当作者想念大卫,他就会看那本相册。 71. second 分析句中结构,此处缺少定语。根据空格前的定冠词the,并联系常识可知,上学第几天具有顺序性,所以此处应用序数词,故填two的序数词second。 72. so 句意:我们都喜欢打篮球和集邮,_____我们总是有很多事情要谈。分析句子结构,此处缺少连词表结果。结合首字母s可知应用连词so。 73. around 句意:他带我_____参观,我看到了许多有趣的东西。短语show sb. around意为“带某人参观”,结合首字母a可知填around。 74. wonderful 分析句中结构,此处缺少形容词修饰名词time。have a wonderful time意为“玩得很开心”,故填wonder的形容词wonderful。 75. a 分析句中结构,such的常见用法:such+a/an+形容词+名词单数,根据good以辅音音素开头,应用a表示“一位,一个”,故填a。 76. went 句意:然而,去年夏天,大卫因为他父亲的工作而去了另一个城市。结合时间状语last summer可知应用一般过去时,故填go的过去式went。 77. me 句意:临走前,他给了我一本相簿。分析句中结构,此处缺少宾语。动词give后跟代词宾格作宾语,故此处填I的代词宾格me。 78. notes 句意:我还在每张照片下面写了一些记录。分析句子结构,此处缺少宾语。形容词some修饰可数名词复数。故填note的名词复数notes。 79. deeply 句意:我深受感动。分析句子结构,此处缺少状语。修饰动词moved应用副词,故填deep的副词deeply。 80. of 句意:每当我想_____大卫,我就会看那本相册。动词think为不及物动词,后跟介词连接后面的名词,短语think of意为“想起”,故填介词of。 第三节 短文填空(共 10小题,每小题1.5分,共计15分) (2019·贵州遵义)阅读下面短文,在空白处填人一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。 I have two fiends in our class Rick and Scott. Rick has a good lifestyle. He sleeps eight or nine 61 (hour) a day. So he can get up early in the morning. He exercises every day before having breakfast. He runs three times every week and plays soccer_ 62 (one) a week. He also has good eating habits. He_ 63 (try) to eat all kinds of fruits. He thinks apples are the_ 64 (delicious) of all fruits. He believes, “Having_ 65 apple every day keeps the 66 (ill) away." He drinks milk every day and often eats vegetables. He likes hamburgers 67 he doesn't eat too much. He looks after his health well. Good eating habits and doing exercises everyday are good for him. Scott is different_ 68 Rick. He is kind of_ 69 (health). He doesn't like doing exercise and sleeps too late. He likes eating junk food, too. He is fat now, and he_ 70 (ask) to lose weight by his doctor. 体裁:记叙文 话题:13. 卫生与健康(45) 健康饮食 话题:1. 个人情况(4) 兴趣与爱好 词数:165 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。讲述两个人的生活习惯:里克有健康的生活方式,例如充足的睡眠,锻炼,好的饮食习惯;与里克不同的是斯科特的生活习惯不健康,如不喜欢锻炼,熬夜,喜欢吃垃圾食品。 【解析】61. hours考查名词。根据空前后可知,这里构成“eight or nine hour) a day”一天八九个小时,由空前的数字可知,需要复数名词形式。 62. once 考查副词。根据空前后可知,这里构成短语“once a week”,一周一次,因此用One的副词形式once“一次”。 63. tries 考查动词。联系上下文,这里需用一般现在时态,该句主语He是第三人称单数,故谓语动词try也要用第三人称单数形式tries。 64. most delicious考查形容词最高级。根据空前的冠词the和空后的of all fruits可知,需要用最高级形式,因此用delicious的最高级most delicious,表达句意:他认为苹果是最好吃的水果。 65. an 考查冠词。联系空后的apple是可数名词单数,可知需要不定冠词,又因apple的读音开头是元音[?],因此用an,表达句意为:每天吃一个苹果。 66. illness 考查名词。句意:每天吃一个苹果可以赶走疾病,由空前的the可知,本空应为ill的名词形式illness。 67. but考查连词。上句“他喜欢汉堡”与下句“他不会吃很多”是转折关系,应用but连接。 68. from考查介词。此处构成固定短语be different from“和……不同”,介词from符合语境,意指“斯科特和里克不一样。” 69. unhealthy 考查形容词。联系下文“He doesn't like doing exercise and sleeps too late. He likes eating junk food, too.”可知,他的生活习惯时不健康的,又由空前的is可知需要形容词作表语,故用health的形容词unhealthy符合语境。 70. is asked 考查被动语态。联系该段前面说到了:斯科特的生活习惯不健康,可知该句句意:他被医生告知要减肥,由空后的by可知需要用被动语态,且一般现在时态,故本空应填is asked。 (2019云南昆明) 第一节 单词填空 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空,使语篇意思完整,必要时请用否定式。(共10小题, 每小题1分,满分10分) While some people stick to only 66 (first) kind of movie, I like to watch different kinds depending on how I feel that day. When I’m down or tired, I prefer movies that can cheer me up. Comedies or cartoons have funny dialog and 67 (usual) have a happy ending. The characters may not be perfect, but they do 68 (them) best to solve the problems. 69 (after) watching them, I find the problems suddenly seem less serious and feel much better. Laughing for two hours is a good way 70__ (relax)! I don’t watch dramas or documentaries when I’m sad or tired. Dramas make me feel even 71 (sad). Documentaries 72 (provide) plenty of information about a certain subject, but when I’m tired I don’t want to think too much. I don’t mind action movies when I’m too tired to think. I can just shut off my brain, sit back and enjoy 73 (watch) an exciting superhero. Once in a while, I like to watch scary 74 (movie). They can be fun, but I’m too scared to watch them alone, so I always bring my brother. He 67 (are) afraid of these kinds of movies, and I don’t feel so scared with him. 体裁: 记叙文 话题 : 1.兴趣与爱好6. 娱乐活动 16. 电影与戏剧 词数: 204 【主旨大意】本文是记叙文。作者根据自己不同的心情,而选择观看不同种类的电影。 【解析】 66. one 根据后文中different kind可知,此处表示“一种电影”来做对比,应用基数词one表示数目。 67. usually 根据后面的动词have可知此处应用usual的副词形式来修饰,表示“通常地”。 68. their do one’s best to do …表示“尽力做某事”,此处应把人称代词变为物主代词。 69. After after是连词,意为“在……之后”,引导时间状语。注意after的首字母要大写。 70. to relax a good way to do…表示“做某事的一种好方法”,动词不定式作后置定语。 71. sadder even可以用在形容词比较级前面,表示“甚至;更”。 72. provide 动词provide意为“提供”,此句是一般现在时,主语是复数名词,故用原形。 73. watching enjoy doing sth. 表示“喜欢做某事”。 74. movies 根据后句They can be fun.的主语they,可知此处用movie的复数形式。 75. isn’t 根据上下文句意及主语he可知此处用isn’t.

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  • ID:4-6228886 [精] 2019年各省市中考英语真题解析(数词)

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2019年各省市中考英语真题解析 数词 1.(2019年兰州)We gave away _______ books to the school library last year. A. six thousands B. six thousand C. six thousands of D. six thousand of 2.(2019年郴州)Every year, _________books are given away to the poor children in the countryside. A. thousand B. thousands of C. thousand of 3.(2019年凉山)There are people in Dale’s family. They live on the floor. A. five; nine B. fifth; nine C. five; ninth D. fifth; ninth 4.Wu Dajiang, a _________Chinese skater, set a new world record at the Short Track World Cup last year.(2019年宿迁) A. 25-years-old B. 25 year old C. 25-year-old D. 25 years old 5.(2019年滨州)—Which month of the year do you like best? —July, the _________ month, because summer vacation begin in this month. A. seven B. six C. seventh D. sixth 6.(2019年湘西土家族苗族自治州)—How many books are there on the shelf? —Well, I think there are _______ books. A. two hundred and forty-six B. two hundreds and forty C. two hundred fourteen 7.(2019年敦煌)September is the _____month of a year. A.seventh B.eighth C.ninth D.tenth 8. (2019年广东)We are proud of our country. The year 2019 is her _______ birthday. A. seventy B. the seventy C. the seventieth D. seventieth 9.(2019年天水)_______ of the students in our class ________ going to the summer camp in Beijing next week. A. Two fifths, is B. Second fifths, are C. Second fifths, is D. Two fifths, are 10.(2019年安顺) Nowadays, _________ people like HUAWEI phones better, and about _________ of them are adults. A. the number of, four-fifths B. a number of, four-fifth C. a number of, four-fifths D. the number of, four-five 11.(2019年安顺)Sweet wormwood(青蒿)is a common plant in China and Tu Youyou is the woman _________ used the special power of the plant to save _________lives. A. which, millions of B. who, millions of C. whose, million of D. who, million of 12.(2019年达州)—_______is the population of China now, Jack? —Let me think for a moment, it’s about _________. A.How many; 1400 million B. What; 1400 million C. What; 140 million D. How many; 140 million 13.(2019年襄阳)— Is Dongjin High-speed Railway Station the _ _ largest in Hubei Province? — Yes, of course. It’s just a little smaller than the largest one in Wuhan. A. first B. second C. third D. fourth 14.(2019年鄂州)Our country is nearly ____ years old. We'll celebrate its ________birthday on October1, 2019 around the country. A. seventy, seventy B. seventy, seventieth C. seventieth, seventy D. seventieth, seventieth 15.(2019年广元)On my ________ birthday, I got a new schoolbag as a gift from my parents. A. nine B. ninth C. the ninth 16.(2019年哈尔滨)—?We'll?celebrate?the ________ National?Day?this?year —That?s?really?exciting. A.?seventy B.?seventeen C.?seventieth 解析: 1.thousand意为“千”,当前面有数词以及many,several等词修饰时,用单数形式,后面直接跟复数名词。如:two hundred students 200名学生 several thousand enemies 几千敌人。当这词前面没有数词而后面有of 时,则一定要用复数形式,表示“数千”,笼统的数目概念。如:thousands of dollars 数千美元。中考试题题意为“去年我们捐赠了六千册书给学校图书馆。”根据题意及数词thousand的用法,答案应为B。 2.中考试题题意为“每年数千本图书捐赠给农村贫困孩子。”表示“数千”,thousand后面有of时,须用复数形式,此空应选择thousands of,其它两项不符合语法要求。答案应为B。 3.中考试题题意为“ Dale家有五个人。他们住在第五层楼。”第一空表示“五个人”,用基数词。第二空表示“第五楼”,用序数词,答案应为C。 4.“数词+名词/形容词”构成复合形容词做定语,其中名词用单数形式,数词与名词以及形容词之间用连字符“-”。如:A twenty-one-year-old girl is behind me.一个 21 岁的女孩在我身后。中考试题题意为“吴大江,一名中国滑冰运动员,创造短道速滑世界杯新的世界纪录。”根据题意可知,此空表示“25岁的”,须用“数词+名词/形容词”构成复合形容词,应选择 25-year-old,其他三项不符合语法要求,答案应为C。 5.seven“七”,是基数词,six“六”,是基数词;seventh“第七”,序数词; sixth“第六”,序数词。中考试题题意为“你最喜欢一个中哪个月?”“七月,第七个月,因为暑假从这个月开始。”根据July可知,应选择 seventh,答案应为C。 6.三位数的读写法:个位与十位之间用连字符“-”;百位与十位之间加and;十位为零时也要加and。如:365读作three hundred and six-five;605读作six hundred and five。中考试题题意为“书架上有多少本书?”“哦,我想有二百四十六本书。”根据题意,答案应为A。 7.中考试题题意为“九月是一个中第九个月。”根据September可知,应选择序数词ninth,答案应为C。 8.中考试题题意为“我们为我们的国家骄傲。2019年是她的七十周年生日。”此处指她的第70个生日,故用序数词,又因为空前有形容词性物主代词her修饰,故序数词前不用定冠词the答案应为D。 9.分数由基数词和序数词构成——分子用基数词,分母用序数词,分子超过“1”时,分母用复数:a /one sixth = 1/6;two thirds = 2/3。注意:在分数和百分数后面的名词是单数(可数或不可数)时,谓语动词用单数形式;在分数或百分数后面的名词是可数复数名词时,谓语动词则用复数形式。如:Fifty percent of the students in our school are girls.我们学校百分之五十的学生是女生。Three-fourths of the surface of the earth is sea.地球表面的四分之三是海洋。中考试题题意为“我们班五分之二的学生将参加下星期北京夏令营。”第一空表示“五分之二”应说 Two fifths;根据分数后面的名词是复数形式 students,此空应用are,答案应为D。 10.a number of 与the number of辨析。a number of 表示“若干的;;许多的”。起修饰作用,相当于many或a?lot?of,number前可以加small,?large词来表示程度。A?number?of+复数可数名词作主语时,其谓语动词用复数形式。如:A number of the students are playing football. 许多学生在踢足球。the?number?of…表示“……的数量”。作主语的中心词时,谓语动词用单数形式,后常跟large,?small等词作表语。如:?The?number?of?the?students?is very large in our school. 我们学校的学生数量非常大。中考试题题意为“现在,许多人更喜欢华为手机,大约五分之四是成年人。”第一空根据people可知,此空应选择a number of;第二空表示”五分之四”,应选择four-fifths。答案应为C。 11.第一空考查关系代词,先行词是the woman,指人,应选择who,在定语从句中作主语;第二空考查数词,表示“数百万”,应选择millions of。中考试题题意为“青蒿是中国一种常见植物,屠呦呦是一位运用了植物的特殊能量挽救了数百万人的生命的女性。”答案应为B。 12.中考试题题意为“Jack,现在中国的人口多少?”“让我想一会儿,大约14亿。”第一空表示“问人口多少”,应用what;第二空表示“14亿”,应说1400 million。答案应为B。 13.形容词最高级前可以加the second, the third表示“第几最……”。如:The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.黄河是中国第二长河。中考试题题意为“东津高铁站是湖北第二大高速铁路站吗?”“是的,当然是。它只比武汉最大的铁路站小一点。”根据题意,答案应为B。 14.中考试题题意为“我们国家成立快七十周年。我们十月一日庆祝国庆七十周年。”第一空表示“七十周年”,用基数词seventy;第二空表示“第七十个生日”,用序数词seventieth。答案应为B。 15.中考试题题意为“我九岁生日,我父母送我一个新书包作为礼物礼物。”根据birthday可知,此空应选择序数ninth,答案应为B。 16.中考试题题意为“今年我们将庆祝国庆七十周年。”“那的确令人激动。”表示第几个节日、生日和纪念日需要用序数词?seventieth。答案应为C。 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-6207747 [精] 2019年各省市中考英语真题解析 (介词)

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2019年各省市中考英语真题解析 介词 1.(2019年天水)Most of the villagers took part in the Dragon Boat races 9:00 a. m. the morning of June 7. A. at; in B. on ; on C. on ; in D. at ;on 2.(2019年南通)It’s been 100 years since the May Fourth Movement took place ____May 4, 1919. A. for B. in C. at D. on 3.(2019年河南)—Shall I help you ________the street, Grandpa? —No, thanks. I can manage it myself. A. on B.with C. across D. along 4.(2019年长沙)Yesterday our headmaster made a speech ______ environmental protection, and we learned something about recycling of waste. A.on B.at C.to 5.(2019年郴州)We will attend the junior high graduation ceremony _________June 21st, 2019. A. in B. at C. on 6.(2019年孝感)To my great joy, my family is always _______ me whatever I decided to do. A. behind B. to C. from D. against 7.(2019年乐山)—Do you have this T-shirt in a different color? —I’m afraid not. It only comes ________red A. of B. in C. for 8.(2019内蒙包头) He drove so fast at the turn that the car almost went __________the road. A. off B. on C. along D. behind 9. (2019年青岛)The high-speed train ______ Qingdao and Beijing travels faster now. The train ride takes only only about three hours. A.from B. among C. in D. between 10.(2019年南京)Xinhua Zidian, or the New Chinese Dictionary, was first published 1953. A. on B. in C. at D. for 11.(2019年湘西土家族苗族自治州)—Hi, Bob. You don’t look well. What’s the matter ______ you? —I talked too much and didn’t have any water last night. I have a sore throat now. A. in B. of C. with 12.(2019年盐城)A marathon was held in Yancheng ________ 21 April, which drew 12,000 runners. A. on B. in C. at D. by 13.(2019年株洲)_______ October1, we will celebrate the seventieth birthday of the People’s Republic of China. A. On B. In C. At 14.(2019年凉山)—Look, there is a cute bird, Mom. —It flew into our kitchen_________the window just now, A. across B. through C. above D. under 15.(2019年宿迁)Beijing Expo 2019 opened to the public ________ 29th April. It will last over five months. A. at B. in C. on D. of 16.(2019年安徽)On sunny days, my grandma often reads a novel _______ the window. A. by B. for C. with D. from 17.(2019年临沂中考试题)In the world, more than 30% of schools do not provide safe drinking water ______ about 570 million children. A. with B. for C. towards 18.(2019年滨州)—I want to watch TV the whole day after the long journey. —You shouldn’t watch TV too much. It’s bad _________ your eyes. A. on B. in C. for D. with 19.(2019年重庆B卷)I enjoy talking with my classmates_______our way to school.A. on B. at C. in D. under 20.(2019年泰州)Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome to Beijing! And if you need any help, please call me _______ 010-55586390. A. at B. on C. with D. by 21.(2019年武汉)He wrote his phone number_______a piece of paper. A. on B. for C. in D. from 22.(2019年广东)I think tea will taste better ____ some milk in it. A. for B. with C. from D. at 23.(2019年河北)This story is_________ simple English. My little sister can read it. A. for B. in C. with D. by 24.(2019年天水)I want to learn a second foreign language _______ English. A. except B. beside C. besides D. except for 25.(2019年淮安)__________ the help of modern technology, scientists got a photo of a black hole. A. At B. In C. On D. With 26.(2019年咸宁)—Thanks to our government, we can have a new library next week. —That’s great! And we will read books there________ a month. A. before B. in C. by D. until 27.(2019年北京)We planted some flowers the garden yesterday. A. on B. to C. in D. of 28.(2019年四川广元)—What time do you usually get up? —________ 7:00. A. At B. In C. On 29.(2019年哈尔滨)—When?will?the?movie?The?King?Lion《狮子王》?return?to?movie?theatres?in America? —____ July. A. On B.?At C.?In 30.(2019东营)A recent study in Australia shows that parents are ________the top five world’s hardest jobs. A. Between B. among C. from D. above 31.(2019年无锡)Let’s take a walk ___________ the river after diner, shall we? A. along B. through C. upon D. over 32.(2019年本溪)—Shall we stop and wait for others? —Sounds good. I think they will catch up______ a few minutes. A. during B. after C for D in 33.(2019年四川内江)— When did Neil Armstrong walk on the moon? —________July 20th, 1969. A. In B. At C. For D. On 34.(2019年盘锦)John often takes a walk _______ his grandpa after dinner. A. to B. for C. along D. with 35.(2019年铁岭)Humans can not make progress dreams. A.with B.without C.through D.about 36.(2019年百色)My brother joined the army_____September last year. A.on B.by C.at D.in 37.(2019年永州)Stephen Hawking, a great scientist, died ________ the morning of March 14, 2018 A. on B. in C. at 38.(2019年贵港)—Is Mr Green at school? —Sorry, I don't know, But you can call him 340﹣5261. A.in B.With C.by D.at 39.(2019年柳州)—When is your birthday, Li Fang? —It's ________ July 26. A. on B. to C. in 40.(2019年贵阳)The people’s republic of China was found ________ October 1st, 1949. We’ll celebrate 70th anniversary this year A. in B. on C. at 41.(2019广西河池)My English teacher always comes into the classroom _________a smile. A.by B.for C.on D.with 42.(2019年海南)— It's time______class. Lets go into the classroom. —OK. A. for B. of C. in 43.(2019年吉林)—Excuse me. Where is the nearest bookstore? —Go Center Street and you' ll find it. A. for B. along C. with 44.(2019年葫芦岛)We are going to have a party ________ the evening of June 30th. A. on B. in C. at D. for 45.(2019年呼和浩特)Ben was helping his mother when the rain began to beat heavily ________the windows. A. against B. across C. above D. below 46.(2019年上海)We communicate each other in many ways,such as by e-mail or by phone. A.on B.through C.in D.with 47.(2019年昆明)The worlds longest cross-sea bridge, Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, opened_________October 24 2018. A.in B.at C.by D.on 48.(2019湖南湘潭)If you have a sore throat, you could drink some hot tea _________honey. A.with B.at C.on 49.(2019黑龙江绥化)Light comes in _____ the window. A.across B.cross C.through 50.(2019黑龙江龙东地区)Look! A boy is drawing _____ the bridge which is ____ the river. A.over; on B.over; above C.on; over 51.(2019贵州黔西南、黔东南、黔南)It’s very important _____ us to make a plan before a new term begins. A.of B.with C.by D.for 解析: 1.at in on这三个介词都可以表示时间,用于钟点前,用于时刻前,译为“在……时(刻)”。如:at a quarter to six 六点差一刻。 in用于泛指一天的上午、下午、晚上等;用于某个较长的时间,如年、月、季节等。如: in the morning/afternoon/evening在上(下午)或晚上,in 2003 在2003年;on表示时间,用于星期、日期(包括该天的各部分)。如:on Sunday/Sundays,on Monday morning/afternoon/evening等。 on也用于某一日的名词前,用于公共节假日前。如: On New Year’s Day 在元旦,on Children’s Day 在儿童节等。 中考试题题意为“大多数村民在六月七日上午九时参加龙舟比赛。” 2.中考试题题意为“自从五四运动发生在1919年5月4日以来已经100年了。”根据May 4可知, 此空表示某一日,须选择介词on,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为D。 3.on“在……上”;with“与……一起”;across“横过”;along“沿着”。中考试题题意为“爷爷,和帮你过马路好吗?”“不要,谢谢。我自己能过。”根据题意,答案应为C。 4.“中考试题题意为“我们的校长作了关于环境保护的演讲,我们学习了关于回收废物的内容。”此空应选择on,表示“关于”,和某些名词(如文章,书籍,谈话,演说,报告)等连用, 其它两项不符合语法要求。答案应为A。 5.中考试题题意为“我们将于2019年6月21日出席初中毕业典礼。”根据June 21st可知,此空表示某一日,须选择介词on,其它两项不符合语法要求。答案应为C。 6.behind“在……后面”;to“到”;from“从……”; against“反对”。中考试题题意为“令我高兴的是,不管我决定做什么,我的家人总是支持我.意思是说总是在我身后。”根据题意,答案应为A。 7.of“……的”;in表示“使用某种语言”;“用墨水、颜色等”;for“为了”。中考试题题意为“你有不同颜色的这种T恤吗?”“恐怕没有。仅有红色的。”根据red“红色”可知,此空应选择in,答案应为B。 8.off“偏离,脱离”;on“在……上面”;along“沿着”;behind“在……后面”。中考试题题意为“他在转角处开车这么快,以致车子几乎偏离了道路。”根据题意,答案应为A。 9.from “来自……”;among “在(三者以上)……之中”C. in “在……里”D. between “在(两者)……之间”中考试题题意为“现在青岛至北京的高速铁路运行更快。坐高铁仅需三个小时左右。”根据Qingdao and Beijing可知,指两者之间,应选择between,答案应为D。 10.中考试题题意为“《新华字典》或《新汉语字典》第一次在1953年出版。”根据1953可知,此空应选择介词in,表示年份,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为B。 11.句型What’s the matter with?意为“你怎么啦?”。中考试题题意为“喂,Bob。你看起来不好。你怎么啦?”“昨晚我说的太多,没喝什么水。现在有点喉咙痛。”此空应选择介词with。答案应为C。 12.中考试题题意为“一场马拉松于4月21日在盐城举行。吸引了12,000名运动员。”根据 21 April可知,此空应选择on,表示某一天,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为A。 13.中考试题题意为“十月一日,我们将庆祝中华人民共和国成立七十周年。”根据 October1可知,此空应选择on,表示某一天,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为A。 14.across多指从一定范围的一边到另一边,且在物体的表面上或沿着某一条线的方向而进行的动作,其含义常与介词on有关。如:The students ran across the playground into the classroom.学生们穿过操场跑进教室。through也可表示从某一范围的一端到另一端的动作,但它表示的动作是在空间里进行,其含义常与介词in有关。如:They often drive through the village.他们经常开车穿过这个村子。above表示“离开某物的上方”,强调高于某一点或某一物体,但不一定在垂直的上方。There is a light above the table.桌子上方悬挂着一盏灯。(above不强调正上方)over表示垂直的上方或正上方,两物体之间有一定距离。如:There is a stone bridge over the river.河上有座石桥。(不能用 above)中考试题题意为“妈妈,看,有只可爱的鸟。”“Alex,刚才它从窗户飞进我们的厨房。”根据题意可知应选择through,答案应为B。 15.中考试题题意为“2019年北京博览会于四月二十九日对外开放。它将持续五个多月。”根据 29th April可知,此空应选择on,表示某一天,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为C。 16.by表示场所,意为“在……旁边”。如:The girls are playing by the lake. 孩子们正在湖边玩。for“为了”;with“伴随”;from“来自”。“中考试题题意为“在阳光明媚的日子里,我奶奶经常靠着窗户看小说。”根据题意,答案应为A。 17.Provide somehting for somebody 意为“供给某人某物”;也可以说provide somebody with something。中考试题题意为“全世界百分之三千多所学校不会为大约五百七十万儿童提供安全饮用水。”根据题意及动词provide 句型,答案应为B。 18.短语be bad for意为“对……有害”。中考试题题意为“长途旅行后我想整天看电视。”“你不应该看太多电视。这对你的眼睛有害。”根据题意,此空应选择for,答案应为C。 19.短语on the way to school“去上学的路上”中考试题题意为“在去学校的路上我喜欢与我的同学交谈。”根据题意,此空应选择on,答案应为A。 20.短语call somebody at+电话号码 意为 “打电话给某人”。中考试题题意为“女士们和先生们,欢迎来北京!如果你需要帮助,请打010-55586390电话给我。”根据题意,此空应选择at,答案应为A。 21.on “在……上”;for “为了”;in“在……里”;from “来自”。中考试题题意为“他在一张纸上写下他的电话号码。”根据题意,此空应选择on,其它三项不符合语法要求,答案应为A。 22.介词with为“具有,带有”,后跟名词构成介词短语,作后置定语。如:China is a country with a long history. 中国是一个历史悠久的国家。The girl with long hair is my sister.那个留长发的姑娘是我妹妹。中考试题题意为“我认为茶里面加些牛奶会尝起来更好。”。根据题意,应选择介词with,其它三项不符合题意。答案应为B。 23.in 表示用什么材料(例如用墨水、铅笔)等,或用什么语言。如:She wrote a letter in black ink. 她用黑色的墨水写信。Don't?write?it?in?pencil?but?in?ink.?别用铅笔写,用钢笔(水)写。? with表示使用有形的工具,如:He broke the window with a stone. 他用石头把玻璃砸坏了。 by表示用某种手段或方式。如:She goes to school by bus她乘公共汽车上学。中考试题题意为“这个故事有简单英语。我的小妹妹能读这个故事。”根据题意,答案应为B。 24.中考试题题意为“除英语外,我想学另一种外语。”besides 意为“除……之外(还有……);beside“在……旁边”;except意为“除……之外(不再有)”;主要用来谈论同一类的东西,而except for“除……之外(不再有)”主要用来谈论不同类的东西。试比较:Nobody likes him,except his mother.除了他妈妈,没有人喜欢他。Nobody和mother是同类的,都是指人。The room was very cold and, except for Jack, entirely empty.这个房间很阴冷,而且除了杰克,完全是空荡荡的。本句中,前述对象是“房间”,而除去的对象是Jack,两者毫无关系。 25.中考试题题意为“在现代科技的帮助下,科学家们获取了一张黑洞的照片。”短语 with the help of 意为“在……帮助下”。根据题意,答案应为D。 26.before “在……之前”;in“在……后”,?以现在时间为起点,表示从现在起若干时间以后,通常用于将来时态的句子;by“最迟在……之前”“到……的时候已经”;until“直到……为止”。中考试题题意为“谢谢我们的政府,下星期我们能有新的图书馆。”“太好了! 我们将一个月后将在那里看书了。”答语中的a month是一段时间,谓语动词又是的一般将来时,此空应选择介词in,表示“一个星期以后”,答案应为B。 27.中考试题题意为“我们昨天在花园种了一些花。”根据题意,指在花园里,介词用in。答案应为C。 28.中考试题题意为“你通常什么时候起床?”“在七点。”根据答语7:00可知,此空表示时刻,用于钟点前须用介词at,答案应为A。 29.中考试题题意为“电影《狮子王》将什么时候回归美国电影院?”“七月份。”根据July可知,在月份前应选择介词in,答案应为C。 30.between “在(两者)……之间”;among “在(三者以上)……之中”;“来自……”;“在……之上”。中考试题题意为“一项最近在澳大利亚研究表明,世界上最艰苦工作父母排列前五名。”根据the top five world’s hardest jobs可知此空应选择介词among,答案应为B。 31.along “沿着”; through“通过”; upon“在……上面”相当于on,表示接触;over“在……之上”,表示表示垂直向上。 中考试题题意为“晚饭后咱们沿着河散步,好吗?”根据题意,应选择along,答案应为A。 32.中考试题题意为“我们停下等等其他人好吗?”“听起来太好了。我想他们几分钟后将会赶上。”答语是的a few minutes是一段时间,谓语动词又是一般将来时,根据题意,应选择介词in,此空表示“在……以后”。答案应为D。 33.中考试题题意为“Neil Armstrong什么时候在月球上行走?”“1969年7月20日。”根据July 20th可知,此空表示某一日,须选择介词on,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为D。 34.中考试题题意为“John经常 晚饭后同他的爷爷一起去散步。”根据题意,此空应选择with,表示伴随。答案应为D。 35.with “具有”;without “没有”;through“通过”;about“关于”。中考试题题意为“没有梦想就不能取得进步。”根据题意,应选择介词without,答案应为B。 36.中考试题题意为“我哥哥去年九月参军。”根据September可知,此空应选择介词in,表示在某月。答案应为D。 37.中考试题题意为“Stephen Hawking,一位伟大的科学家死于三月一十四日早上。”根据the morning of March 14可知,此空表示某天的早上,须选择介词on,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为A。 38.中考试题题意为“Mr Green在学校吗?”“对不起,我不知道。但你可以拨打340﹣5261 电话叫他。”根据题意,此空应选择at,表示打电话给某人,答案应为A。 39.中考试题题意为“李芳,你的生日是什么时候?”“是在7月26日。”根据 July 26可知,此空表示某日,须选择介词on,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为A。 40.中考试题题意为“中华人民共和国建立于1949年10月1日。今年我们将庆祝七十周年。”根据 October 1st 可知,此空表示某日,须选择介词on,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为B。 41.中考试题题意为“我的英语老师总是带着微笑走进教室。”根据题意,此空应选择with,表示伴随。答案应为D。 42.中考试题题意为“上课时间到了。咱们进教室吧。”“好的。”根据题意,此空应选择介词for,构成固定句型It’s time for...表示“该……时候了”。答案应为A。 43.中考试题题意为“请问,最近的书店在哪里?”“沿着中心街走,你会找到它的。”along“沿着”;for“为、为了、对”;with “用、和…一起”,此空表示“沿着”,用along,答案应为B。 44.中考试题题意为“我们将在六月三十日晚上举行聚会。”根据the evening of June 30th可知,此空表示某日的晚上,须选择介词on,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为A。 45.中考试题题意为“雨开始重重地敲打着窗户时,Ben正在帮助他的母亲。” against“反对、违反,对…不利(敲打)”above“超过、在…下面”;?below“在…下面、低于”;across“横穿”。根据题意,此空应选择against,答案应为A。 46.短语 Communicate with“与(某人)交谈”。中考试题题意为“我们用许多种方式相互交流,例如通过电子邮件或电话。”根据题意,此空应选择with,答案应为D。 47.中考试题题意为“世界上最长的跨海大桥,港珠澳大桥于2018年10月24日开通。根据October 24 可知,此空表示某日的晚上,须选择介词on,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为A。 48.介词with为“具有,带有”,后跟名词构成介词短语,作后置定语。中考试题题意为“如果你喉咙痛的话,你可以喝点加蜂蜜的热茶。”根据题意,此空应选择with,答案应为A。 49.across多指从一定范围的一边到另一边,且在物体的表面上或沿着某一条线的方向而进行的动作,其含义常与介词on有关。through也可表示从某一范围的一端到另一端的动作,但它表示的动作是在空间里进行,其含义常与介词in有关。cross用作动词,意为“跨过”。中考试题题意为“光线通过窗户射进来。”根据题意,此空应选择through。答案应为C。 50.on“在上面”;表示接触;above表示“离开某物的上方”,强调高于某一点或某一物体, 但不一定在垂直的上方。over表示垂直的上方或正上方,两物体之间有一定距离。中考试题题意为“看,男孩正在河上的那座桥上画画。”根据题意,第一空应选择on(the bridge),表示“在桥上”,第二空应选择over(the river),表示“在河上”。答案应为C。 51.中考试题题意为“新学期开始前我们最重要的是制订计划。”根据题意及句型It is+important(necessary,difficult等表示事物特征的形容词)+for somebody to do something可知,此空应填空介词for。答案应为D。 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-6194875 2019年中考英语分类汇编 语法及综合填空专题 含解析

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    语法及综合填空专题 B) (2019湖南衡阳)综合填空。阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。(共10小题,计10分) Friends are important to everyone, ___51_____, some people may have trouble ___52____ (keep) their friendships. Here’re some tips on how to make your friendship ___53____ (deep) and stronger. ★Be yourself. A lot of teens try not to lose the friendship once they become friends with some people. Though your identity(身份) is always changing, some of your personality will stay pretty much ___54____ same. Find out ___55____ those things are, think hard about who you want to be, and then show yourself ___56____ ( honest) to the people around you. ★Avoid gossip(八卦). Friends shouldn’t spread rumors(谣言) about other friends. If you’ve heard something bad about your friends, ___57____ (find) a proper way of asking them about it by ___58____ (you). If you’re not sure how to talk to them about it, ask a trusted friend for advice. ★Protect your friends. Very often, somebody that you’re not close to doubts one of your ___59____ ( friend). It’s important to find out both sides of the story, but it's also a good chance to show your friend that you trust him by telling him. ★Return the care. There are times when a friend will lend you a textbook, or a shoulder to cry on. A good friend will cheer you up when you’re in trouble and listen patiently when your friend shares a problem ___60____ you. Be sure you are as helpful as your friend, because he will take notice and feel good. 体裁 说明文 话题 交友 词数 267 【主旨大意】对于我们每个人来说,朋友很重要。但有些人在与别人保持友谊关系时会遇到麻烦。本文作者主要讲述了保持友谊更深刻和更牢固的方法。 【答案】 51. however 52. keeping 53. deeper 54. the 55. where 56. honesty 57. find 58. yourself/yourselves 59. friends 60. with 【解析】 51. however 由important和trouble等可判断,上下句为转折关系;再由所填写词后的逗号可判断,这里用however填写。 52. keeping have trouble doing sth.意为“做某事有麻烦”,为固定搭配。 53. deeper 由句中的and stronger可知,这里用deep的比较级deeper填写。 54. the 人的身份可能会变化,但性格不易变化。stay the same“保持不变”。 55. where 找出这些事情来自什么地方。故填写where。 56. honesty 动词show后跟双宾语;故这里用名词填写。形容词honest的名称为honesty. 57. find 这里为祈使句,故用动词原形填写。 58. yourself/yourselves by oneself“亲自”,为固定搭配。you的反身代词为yourself或yourselves。 59. friends one of后用可数名词的复数形式。故填写friends。 60. with share sth. with sb.“和某人分享某物”,为固定搭配。故填写介词with。 (2019·山东济宁) 五、语法填空(共10小题,计10分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 A (2019·山东济宁) As we all know, Wang Xuan was a very famous computer scientist and inventor in the world. He is famous 1 the Chinese Language Laser typesetting (激光照排系统). Laser typesetting for Chinese language was a serious problem for scientists all over the world. But Wang Xuan was not afraid to try new technology. Although he 2 (fail) many times, he never gave up. He is believed to be the 3 (important) developer in printing Chinese after Bi Sheng. Now, Wang Xuan’s amazing invention 4 (use) all over the world. Wang Xuan’s story teaches us that a person 5 (follow) his own dream and try his best to make it come true. 体裁 记叙文 话题:1. 个人情况 话题:22. 科普知识与现代技术话题:23.(81)著名人物 词数 117 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文章介绍了世界著名计算机科学家和发明家王轩以及他的著名的汉字激光打印,被认为是继毕昇之后印刷中文的重要开发者。王轩的故事告诉我们,一个人追随自己的梦想,并尽力去实现它。 答案:1. for 2. had failed 3. most important 4. is (being) used 5. should follow 1. for【解析】他以汉语激光打字而闻名。be famous for 因……而著名。 2. had failed【解析】尽管他失败了多次,但他从不放弃。gave up是一般过去时,在此之前发生的动作应用过去完成时。 3. most important【解析】他被认为是继毕胜之后印刷中文最重要的开发者。“the + 形容词最高级 + 名词”最……的……;后面的介词短语in printing Chinese after Bi Sheng表示比较范围。 4. is (being) used【解析】现在,王轩的惊人发明正在世界各地使用。invention是动作use的承受对象,应用一般现在时或现在进行时的被动语态。 5. should follow【解析】王轩的故事告诉我们,一个人应该追随自己的梦想,并尽力去实现它。 (2019山东枣庄) 第一节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面材料,并填空。有的答案要填 入适当的内容,有的答案要用括号内单词的正确形式,但每个答案不多于 3个单词。 One of the world’s most dangerous sports is mountain climbing, and one of the 41 popular places for this is the Himalayas. The Himalayas 42 (run) along the southwestern part of China. Of all the mountains, Qomolangma rises the highest and is the most famous. 43 is 8,844.43 meters high and so is very 44 (danger) to climb. It is very hard to take in air as you get near the top. The first Chinese team 45 (reach) the top in 1960, while 46 first woman to succeed was Junko Tabei from Japan in 1975. Why do so many climbers risk their lives? One of the main 47 (reason) is that people want to challenge themselves 48 of difficulties. The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up 49 (try) to achieve our dreams. It also shows that humans 50 (be) stronger than the forces of nature in some situation. 体裁:说明文 话题:20. 自然话题:(69) 山川与河流 词数:154 From: https://wenda.so.com/q/1403020579506964 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了世界上最危险的山——喜马拉雅山,世界第一高峰——珠穆朗玛峰。通过列举事实及数据,了解登山者的探险精神和成就。这个事实告诉我们:人类有时比自然的力量更强大。 【答案】4l. most 42. run 43. It 44. dangerous 45. reached 46. the 47. reasons 48. in the face 49. trying 50. can/may be 【解析】 41. most 【解析】one of the +最高级+名词复数,意为“……之一”, popular前加the most,形容词最高级形式。 42. run【解析】run along延伸,The Himalayas作主语,在一般现在时中用原形run。 43. It 【解析】指代上文Qomolangma,用it作主语,位于句首,首字母应该大写,故填It。 44. dangerous 【解析】此处是系表结构,用形容词dangerous。 45. reached 【解析】由in 1960可知,用一般过去时,reach的过去式是reached,故填reached。 46. the 【解析】序数词前,用定冠词the。 47. reasons 【解析】one of后接复数名词或代词,意为“……之一”,故填reasons。 48. in the face 【解析】in the face of为固定用法,意为“面对(困难、问题等)”。 49. trying【解析】give up放弃,后面用动词-ing形式,为固定搭配,故填trying。 50. can/may be【解析】这里表示推测“可能是”,故填can/may be。 (2019山东淄博)四、语法填空 (共10小题,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 (2019山东淄博)Ernest Hemingway, the son of a doctor and a music teacher, was born in 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. Hemingway’s father 37 (teach) him early on how to hunt and fish, two activities Hemingway loved throughout his life. Instead of 38 (go) to college, Hemingway became a reporter for the kansas City Star. Later, in Europe, he worked as a driver 39 the Italian army until he was wounded and shipped home, where he again wrote for newspapers. Two years 40 , he moved to Paris, where he hoped to improve his writing. There he became friends with other 41 (America) writers, including Gertrude Stein and F.Scott Fitzgerald. Hemingway developed 42 style of writing that was simple and direct. He chose words sparingly(俭省地), avoided using adjectives, and trusted the reader to understand the 43 (mean) of his writing. As he put it, “I always try 44 (write) on the principle(原则)of the iceberg(冰山). There is seven eighths of it under water for every part that shows.” This style continues to influence writers today. In his career(生涯), which lasted some 40 years, Hemingway earned the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize. He was one of the finest writers of the 45 (twenty) century. For a while Ernest Hemingway lived in Key West , Florida, where he had nearly 50 cats. One of them was a cat with six toes(脚趾), which a ship’s captain had given him. Today his Key West home is a museum, and many cats still live there. Some of them are 46 (child) of Hemingway’s six-toed cat. Hemingway was married four times and had three sons. He died in 1961. 体裁:记叙文 话题:1 个人情况 话题:23 著名人物话题:24 作家 词数:296 【主旨大意】本文为一篇记叙文。文章按照时间顺序,讲述了著名作家“海明威”一生的经历。 37.taught【解析】考查动词时态。由上下文提供的语境可知,指的是海明威小时候爸爸教他狩猎和捕鱼,且上下文均为一般过去时,故填所给词的一般过去时形式。 38.going【解析】考查非谓语动词。instead of为介词短语,其后接动词时,需接动词ing形式,故填going。 39.for【解析】考查动介搭配。句意:在受伤被运送回国之前,海明威作为一名司机为意大利军队工作。由句意可知,所填词应表示工作的对象,应用介词for,work for 意为“为...工作”。 40.later【解析】考查副词。由上下文可知,此处意为“两年后,他搬家去了巴黎,希望在那儿能提升他的写作。”,故填时间副词later。 41.American【解析】考查形容词。由句干可知,所给词需作前置定语修饰名词writers,故需将其转换为形容词形式,故填American。 42.a【解析】考查冠词。句意:海明威发展了一种简单又直接的写作风格。由句意可知,此处应填不定冠词a来修饰可数名词style,意为“一种风格”。 43.meaning【解析】考查名词。句意:他选词俭省,避免使用形容词,相信他的读者们能理解他的作品里的意义。由句意可知,所填词意为“意义,意思”,故填mean对应的名词形式meaning,the meaning of sth. 意为“...的意思/义”。 44.to write【解析】考查非谓语动词。动词try后既可接不定式,意为“尽力做某事”;也可接动名词,意为“尝试做某事”。而根据句意:我总是尽量基于冰山原则来写作可知,应填不定式结构,故填to write。 45.twentieth【解析】考查序数词。由句意可知,填空处指的是“20世纪”,名词世纪前应用序数词来修饰,故填twentieth。 46.children【解析】考查名词复数。由设空前的主语谓语均为复数可知,应填所给词的复数形式,故填children。 四、语法填空(本题有 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共计 10 分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。 (2019·浙江嘉兴) A group of boys were playing basketball in the park. The playground was great, 46 there was no fence(栅栏) around it. If one boy missed the ball, someone had to catch it at once, so it wouldn’t go too far away. One boy threw the ball too hard and it flew like a rocket `over the 47 (head) of all the other boys and kept on flying. Anna was sitting nearby and watching the ducks swim in the river. Suddenly, she 48 (hear) some shouting and turned to see a big, orange object coming towards 49 (she) . “stop the ball,” one of them shouted. The ball landed close to the river. The ducks flew away quickly. Anna opened her arms, just in time 50 (stop) the ball as it was going to fall into the river. “Could you please bring it over there?” asked one boy 51 (polite). Anna walked to them with the ball. She was nervous because the boys were 52 (old) than her. However, they were very nice and thanked her 53 saving the ball. “Can I join you?” Anna asked. The boy agreed, but they were not sure 54 she could throw the ball even close to the basket. Anna took the ball and then had 55 try. The boys watched in surprise as the ball went straight into the basket. Anna smiled as the boys cheered loudly for her. 体裁:记叙文 话题:6. 个人兴趣 话题:16. 体育与赛事 词数:245 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,话题是关于运动。本文主要介绍了一群孩子在打篮球,但是没有栅栏,很容易飞出操场。一个男孩因太用力,球飞走了,被一个女孩子接住了,这位女孩子也想加入这团队,但男孩子们想让她试下,有没有这个实力,结果,她成功了进了一球。 46. but句意:操场很大,但是没有栅栏。两者表示转折关系,故用but。 47. heads句意:一个男孩扔球太狠,它像火箭样飞过其他孩子的头,然后继续飞。Other boys是很多男孩,故用复数。 48. heard句意:突然,她听到某人在尖叫,转身看到一个大的,橙色的物体冲向她。由turned要向过去式,hear的过去式是heard。故答案是heard。 49. her考查代词动词,she的宾格为her,介词towards后要跟her。 50. to stop句意:安娜张开双臂,及时地阻止了球掉入河中。考查动词的不定式,两个动词之间,用不定式表示。故答案是to stop。 51. politely句意:你能带它来这儿吗?其中一个孩子有礼貌的问。考查副词,polite的副词形式,为politely,表示“礼貌地”,应用politely。 52. older句意:因为男孩子都比她大,她感到不安。考查比较级,由than可知,要用old的比较级older。故答案是older。 53. for句意:无论如何,他们很好,然后感谢她捡到这个球。Thanks for doing sth.感谢做某事,固定词组。故答案是for。 54. if/ whether句意:孩子同意了,但他们不确定是否她能够把球扔到最近的篮球框里。考查宾语从句,if/whether表示是否,从句为一个一般疑问句。 55. a句意:安娜拿到这个球,然后试了试。Have a try试一试。固定搭配,故答案是a。 五、(2019·浙江金华、丽水)语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。 Do you play Ant Forest? It is___61___online game on Alipay(支付宝). Players ___62____ (collect) "energy" by doing something environmentally-friendly. They can grow and water ___63____ (they) own "trees" with the "energy".____64____the "tree" are big enough, Alipay with some other companies will plant real trees in the desert(沙漠)area of China. Every year millions of trees__65____(plant) in this way. This is part of China's tree-planting program. It hopes___66_____(stop)the desert from becoming larger. Since 1978, China has planted over 66 billion trees____67___the north. It is known as "the Great Green Wall". For example, Saihanba in Hebei Province was once a desert, ___68____now it has become the biggest man-made forest in China. "China is making the world much___69___(green) than before. It sets a good example and has many___70___(lesson) to share with the world,"said the United Nations Environment Program. 体裁 说明文 话题 文娱体育 词数 127 61.an 62.collect 63.their 64.When/If 65.are planted 66.to stop 67.in 68.but 69.greener 70.lessons 【主旨大意】这是一篇说明文。主要介绍支付宝的蚂蚁森林,如果支付宝上的树足够,支付宝就会和其他一些公司将在中国的沙漠地区种植真正的树,这样让世界更绿。 61.an 句意:这是_____在线支付宝游戏。中心词game是可数名词单数,online是以元音音素开头的单词,此处用an泛指一个,故填an。 62.collect 句意:玩家通过做一些环保的事情来收集“能量”。分析句子结构可知此处缺少谓语动词,讲述客观事实用一般现在时,主语为复数,故填collect。 63.their 句意:他们可以用“能量”来生长和浇灌自己的“树”。此处用形容词性物主代词their修饰名词”trees”。 64.When/If 句意:当“树”足够大时(如果树足够大),支付宝将与其他公司一起在中国的沙漠地区种植真正的树。根据语境可知,此处可理解为when引导的时间状语从句或if引导的挑战状语从句,句首大写,故填When/If。 65.are planted 句意:每年都有数以百万计的树木以这种方式种植。树与种植之间是被动关系,被种植;根据语境可知要用一般现在时,主语为复数,故填are planted。 66.to stop句意:它希望阻止沙漠变大。hope to do sth.意为“希望做某事”,动词不定式作宾语,故填to stop。 67.in 句意:自1978年以来,中国在北方种植了660多亿棵树。in the north在北方,固定搭配,故填in。 68.but 句意:例如,河北省塞罕坝曾经是一片沙漠,_____现在已经成为中国最大的人工林。根据句意可知,前后存在转折关系,中间无“,”,故填but。 69.greener 句意:中国正在使世界变得比以前更加环保。由句中than可知要用比较级,故填greener。 70.lessons句意:它树立了一个很好的榜样,有许多经验教训可以与世界分享。lesson是可数名词,由many可知要用复数形式,故填lessons。. 五、语法填空(本题有10小题,每小题I分,共计10分) (2019·浙江宁波) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。 (2019·浙江宁波) An old man went to India. When he got there, he saw some fruit for sale, but most of it was very cheap. The 51 (cheap) thing was a basket of red fruit. “How much per kilo?” the old man 52 (ask). “Two rupees (卢比),” the shopkeeper answered. Two rupees in India is almost nothing, 53 the old man bought a whole kilogram and started eating it. However, as soon as he started eating, his mouth began 54 (burn), his eyes began to water, and his whole face became as red 55 the fruit. As he coughed and struggled to breathe, he jumped up and 56 , screaming: “Ah! Ah! Ah!” And yet he continued to the fruit. Some people who were looking at him shook their 57(head) and said, “You are crazy! Those are chili peppers (辣椒)! You can’t just eat them by the handful!” The old man said to 58 (he), “I paid for them, so I must eat them.” This old man seemed pretty stupid. But are we so much smarter? All of us have 59 (spend) money and time on something—maybe a relationship, or a business, or a job—and sometimes, even if we know there’s no hope that things will change, we still continue with it. What we can learn 60 the old man is this: if you’ve lost a lot over something that doesn’t work, let it go and move on. It’s better than continuing to lose. 体裁:记叙文 话题:24. 故事 词数 250 【答案】51. cheapest 52. asked 53. so 54. to burn/burning 55. as 56. down 57. heads 58. himself 59. spent 60. from 【解析】 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。一位老人在印度买了一千克红辣椒大吃起来,结果辣得他上蹿下跳,周围之人捧腹大笑。短文告诉我们:有舍才有得! 51. cheapest 由上句中表范围的most of it was very cheap可推知,大部分水果都很便宜,但最便宜的是一篮红水果。名词thing前面应用形容词作定语,故此处应填形容词最高级cheapest。 52. asked 由第1段第1句An old man went to India.可知,本文讲述的是过去的一个故事,故此处应用动词的一般过去时态作谓语。故填动词过去式asked。 53. so 分析句子结构可知,前半句Two rupees in India is almost nothing表原因,空格后面的 the old man bought a whole kilogram and started eating it表结果,前后句之间是“前因后果”关系,故此处应用连词so表因果关系。 54. to burn/burning begin to do/doing sth.开始做某事,是固定搭配。故填动词不定式to burn或动名词burning。 55. as 本句是“as + 形容词或副词原形 + as”结构,意为“和……一样”,表比较。故填连词as。 56. down up and down上上下下,是固定搭配。故填副词down。 57. heads 由前面的形容词性物主代词their可知,此处指的是“他们的头”,故填复数名词heads。 58. himself say to oneself自言自语,是固定搭配。主语The old man是第三人称单数,故此处应填反身代词himself。 59. spent 由前面的助动词have可知,本句是现在完成时态,故此处应填动词spend的过去分词spent。 60. from learn from sb.向某人学习,是固定搭配。故填介词from。 (2019·浙江衢州) 六、语法填空 (共10小题,每小题1分,共10分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法情况和上下文连贯的要求,在空白处填入适当的词或用括号中所给词的正确形式填空。每空不超过两词。 (2019·浙江衢州) It was our school’s yearly dancing show. I 61 (be) excited that I was chosen by the teacher this time although I didn’t have any experience of dancing for a show. I would dance in front of all the students and 62 (teacher). It made me very proud. However, I was a bit sad 63 my father had no time to watch me dance. He 64___(invite) to have a business meeting. I knew that my father would surely come to my show if he could. 65 (lucky), my mother and my elder sister were still coming to watch my show. 66 the beginning of the day, I was very nervous. After changing into the dress and getting my makeup done, I felt 67 (relax). Then I went on to the stage bravely. I was very glad to see my mother and sister sitting in 68 second row. Just before the lights turned dark, I saw my father rush into the hall and take the seat beside my mother. 69 a pleasant surprise it was! The sight of my father made 70 (I) smile. I began dancing confidently. Soon after the show, my family came backstage to congratulate me. I was so happy and lucky to have my family’s support. 【答案】61. was 62. teachers 63. because/since/as 64. was invited 65. Luckily 66. At 67. relaxed 68. the 69. What 70. me 体裁: 记叙文 话题:2. 家人和朋友 话题:4. 学校活动 话题:7. 情感与情绪 词数 209 【主旨大意】本文是记叙文。 本文介绍了作者被老师选中,代表班级参加学校的年度舞蹈赛,并最后大获成功。其获胜的原因除了作者自身的努力之外,还得益于作者家人的大力支持。 61. was 本文介绍的是作者参加学校舞蹈赛的经历,全文需要用一般过去时。与I连用的应是be动词的过去式was。 62. teachers 句意:我将在我所有的同学与老师们前跳舞。根据空格前的students,此处也应该用teacher的复数形式,即teachers。 63. because/since/as 空格后的句意“我父亲没有时间来看我跳舞”是空格前的句意“然而,我有点伤心”的原因,应用表示原因的连词。故答案是because/since/as。 64. was invited 句意:他(指我父亲)被邀请去参加一次商业会议。句子的主语he与谓语动词invite存在被动关系,此处应用一般过去时的被动语态。故答案是was invited。 65. Luckily 根据后半句的句意:作者母亲与姐姐仍然会来观看作者的舞蹈,说明此处应用“幸运地”。故答案是Luckily。 66. At 表示“在……开始时”,应用at the beginning of …。故答案是At,注意句首的第一个字母应该大写。 67. relaxed 根据前半句句意:换上连衣裙完成化妆后,可知此处句意是:我感到很放松。与人连用,表示“放松的”,应用relaxed。 68. the 表示“在第二排”,应用in the second row,序数词前没有物主代词修饰时,常用定冠词the。故答案是the。 69. What 此处考查感叹句,去掉it was,该句强调的是a pleasant surprise,是名词短语,应用what引导感叹句。故答案是what。 70. me 句意是:我父亲的视线让我笑了起来。本题考查固定句型make sb (作宾语)+ adj.(作宾补),此处应用I的宾格,即me。 语法填空(本题有10小题,每小题1分;共计10分) 阅读下面的短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给的单词的正确形式。 (2019浙江台州)The mountain was high and it was cold. Everything 61 (cover) by snow and ice and it was dangerous. I shook in my tent as the storm tried 62 (knock) me back to the bottom. "You will never make it to the top, everyone said, " no woman has ever climbed this mountain and only a few people have done it by themselves. I was so confident 63 I would be the first woman to climb up to the top of Whitmore, I had prepared for several 64 (month). The wind had gotten much 65 (quiet) when I woke up the next morning. I climbed 66 of my tent and looked out at the mountain. Everything was white and still. “I will make it to the top today,” I thought to _ 67 (I). I started up the slope. My feet crunched the snow with every step I took. It was a beautiful day. I was climbing quickly, Soon I was going to reach the top. All of 68 sudden, I slipped (滑到). I moved down the mountain, I was going slowly at first but then I started to slide very fast. I started to turn around and around quickly, After what felt 69 forever, I came to a stop. I had slid all the way to the bottom. I was alive. I couldn’t believe it. Three days later, I 70 (make) it to the top. It was a beautiful day and I had a perfect view of everything around me. 体裁:记叙文 话题: 4. 日常活动(15) 周末活动 6. 个人兴趣(23) 旅游 (Tourism)24. 故事与诗歌(82) 故事 词数:252 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。讲述作者攀登惠特莫尔山的经历,闯过了暴风雪的来袭,接受了滑倒,爬起来再登山的考验,历经艰难险阻,最终到达山顶,成为登上此山的第一个女性。 【答案】61.was covered 62.to knock 63.that 64.months 65.quieter 66.out 67.myself 68.a 69.like 70.made 【解析】 61.was covered 考查动词的被动语态。句意:一切都被冰雪所覆盖。主语everything是动作cover的承受者,应用被动语态,且该句子为一般过去,故用was covered。 62.to knock句意:当暴风雪来临时,帐篷里摇晃着,将我击倒在地。try to do sth“尽力做某事,故用to knock。 63.that 句意:我如此的自信,以至于我是第一个登上惠特莫尔山的女性。so… that…固定搭配,意为“如此……以至于……”,故用that。 64.months 句意:我准备了好几个月。several后接复数名词,故用months。 65.quieter 句意:第二天早上醒来,我发现风变得更小了,且much修饰形容词quieter的比较级。故用quieter。 66.out 句意:我爬出帐篷,在山上张望。out意为“从……出来”,故填out。 67.myself 句意:我暗暗想到“今天我一定能到达山顶”,think to oneself“暗自考虑”符合题意,I的反身代词为myself。故填myself。 68.a 由all of a sudden意为“突然”为固定用法。 69.like 句意:在我感觉很长一段时间之后,我才停了下来。like forever“似乎很是漫长”符合题意,故填like。 70.made 句意:三天后,我终于到达山顶。因短文整体是过去时态,故用made。 四、语法填空 (共10小题: 每小题1分,计10分) 阅读下面的材料,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号内所给单词的正确形式(每空最多不超过三个单词)。 (2019·湖南娄底) A king had two sons and asked famous teachers to teach them. After a few 56. _____ (year), the king fell badly ill. So he wanted to choose one of his sons as the next king, but which one would be the right person? He thought it over 57. _____ a whole night. At last, he decided 58. _____ (test) his sons. One day, he gave a room to each of 59. _____ (they), “You must fill the room completely (完全地) with anything you wish. But there should 60. _____ (be) no space left and you can’t ask for advice from anyone!” The next day the king 61. _____ (visit) his elder son’s room. The room was completely filled with grass. The king felt sorry about it. Then he went to 62. _____ other room, but it was closed. His 63. _____ (young) son asked him to get in and closed the door again. It was dark everywhere, so the king shouted at him 64. _____ (angry). But sudenly the second son lighted a candle and the room was full of light. The king felt very excited and hugged him proudly. He realized: Wisdom (智慧) is more important than simple answers 65. _____ are easy to get. 题材:记叙文 话题:2. 家庭、朋友与周围的人 话题:8. 人际交往 话题:24. (82) 故事 词数:189 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。一个国王有两个儿子。国王得了重病后想选择他的一个儿子作为下一任国王,但哪个是合适的人选呢? 他想了一整夜。最后决定测试他的儿子。他给每个人一个房间,并要求他们把房间里装满他们想要的东西,而且不能征求任何人的意见。第二天,国王参观了他大儿子的房间。房间里满是草。国王对此感到难过。他去了另一个房间,它关闭着。他的小儿子让他进去,并让他关上了门。房间里到处漆黑,国王愤怒地对他大喊大叫。但小儿子点燃了蜡烛,房间里灯火通透。国王感到非常激动,骄傲地拥抱了他。他意识到:智慧更重要!靠智慧行事远胜过草率行动! 【答案】56. years 57. for 58. to test 59. them 60. be 61. visited 62. the 63. younger 64. angrily 65. that / which 【解析】 56. years 空白处前的a few意为“一些,几个”,后接可数名词复数形式,故填years。 57. for 空白处后的时间状语a whole night表示一段时间,应用介词for引导,故填for。 58. to test 空白处前的动词decide后接动词不定式作其宾语,故填to test。 59. them 句意:一天,他给他们每个人一个房间。介词of后接宾格代词,each of them他们中的每个人,故填them。 60. be 空白处前是情态动词should,其后接动词原形,there should be应该有,故填be 。 61. visited 空白处前面的时间状语the next day表示以过去为起点的“第二天”,常用于一般过去时中,故填visited。 62. the 根据短文内容可知,两个儿子一人一个房间,表示两者中的另一个应用the other,故填the。 63. younger 根据文中“the king visited his elder son’s room”可知,国王先走进了大儿子的房间。现在走进小儿子的房间,两者相比应用比较级,故填younger。 64. angrily 根据句意可知,国王生气对他大声叫嚷,应用副词修饰动词,故填angrily。 65. that / which 分析句子结构可知,句中主语是wisdom,谓语动词是is。空白处后面的内容是用来修饰前面的名词answers,用作定语从句;而answers表示事物,引导词应用that或which,故填that / which。 四、(2019山东聊城)语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处按要求填入适当的单词或者括号内单词的正确形式,每空1个单词。 Dear Mrs Zhang, Last week, my friend Liu Lei came round with a new computer game and asked to play it on my dad’s computer. I was worried, 61 (连词) I should ask my dad before I use his computer. He use it for 62 (he) work, and I can only use it for my homework. The reason in that he thinks something will go wrong if I play 63 (game) on it. Well, while my dad was out, we decided to 64 (try) out Liu Lei’s game. We copied it to the computer, and after we finished 65 (play), we took it off the computer. However, when I 66 (start) the computer again to check if everything was OK, some of my dad’s documents were missing. Then, when my dad used the computer last night, he was 67 (real) angry. He could no longer find the important documents anywhere. I did not tell him about 68 (冠词) computer game because I did not want him to be angry 69 (介词) me. Now I feel terrible. I am not sure whether a computer repair 70 (shop) can get the documents back. Should I tell him about the computer game? Should I pay to repair it ? Your student Feng Guoxing 体裁 应用文 话题 情感 词数 225 【主旨大意】这是一封邮件。冯国兴因为使用父亲的电脑玩电脑游戏而导致父亲的一些重要文件丢失,他感到非常焦虑,向张老师寻求帮助。 61. because/since/as空前提到“我”很担心,空后是“我”焦虑的原因,因此这个空应填表示原因的连词。 62. his空后work是名词,所以应用形容词性物主代词。 63. games 此空表示“玩游戏”,用play games表示。 64. try 此空考查固定搭配:decide to do sth.决定做某事。此空用动词原形。 65. playing 此空考查固定搭配:finish doing sth.做完某事。此空应用动词-ing形式。 66. started 根据后句中的was可知此空应用动词过去式:started。 67.really 此空后面angry为形容词,此空应用副词修饰。 68. the 前文提到了电脑游戏,所以此空用定冠词the。 69. with 此空考查固定搭配:be angry with sb.生某人的气。此空应填介词with。 70. shop 此空表示“电脑维修店”,应用单数形式shop。 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) (2019?山东烟台)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Why Short Stories Are Best for English Learning You get more time to focus on words. When a text is short, you can have more time to learn how every single word is used and what importance it has in 56 text. This is more useful for those 57 are beginners of English. You can read a whole story at a time. Attention length is very important for learning. And the ability to finish a story gives you more time 58 (understand) it. Short stories are written to give you 59 (much) information with less effort. It is best consistency (一致性). It is much easier to read one story every day than trying to read a big novel that never 60 (seem) to end. You can share them easily in a group. Since short stories can 61 (read) in any place, they are perfect for book clubs and learning circles. Most of the time these groups do not work because members have no time to read. Short stories are the perfect way for them. You can focus more on ideas. Language is less about 62 (word) and more about the meanings behind them. If you spends all your time 63 (learn) vocabulary and grammar, you will never be able to speak a language 64 (smooth) because you will have little to talk about. Short stories give you the chance to understand big ideas in a short text. In a word, short stories will not only improve your English reading comprehension(理解力) 65 also open your mind to different worlds. 体裁:说明文 话题:17. 语言学习 (66) 语言学习的策略 词数:266 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了一种学习英语的好办法——阅读短篇故事。 56. the【解析】考查冠词的用法。text在文中是第二次出现,其前应使用定冠词the表示特指。 57. who【解析】考查定语从句中的关系代词。句意:这对于那些英语初学者来说更有用。本句是含有定语从句的主从复合句,空格处所填的关系代词指代those(people),指“人”,应使用关系代词who;先行词是one、ones或those时,关系代词只能用who而不用that。 58. to understand【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:完成一个故事的能力给你更多的时间去理解它。give sb. time to do sth.意为“给某人时间做某事”。 59. more【解析】考查形容词的比较级。句意:短篇小说的写作目的是用更少的努力给你更多的信息。effort在文中与information对应,less为little的比较级,故空格处使用much的比较级more。 60. seems【解析】考查主谓一致。句意:每天读一个故事似乎比读一本似乎永远不结束的大部头简单很多。that never...作定语从句,时态应使用一般现在时,that指代a big novel,在从句中作主语,seem应使用第三人称单数。 61. be read【解析】考查被动语态。句意:由于短篇小说可以在任何地方阅读……。空格处所填动词与主语之间是被动关系,且句中含有can。含有情态动词的被动语态的构成:can be +动词的过去分词,故填be read。 62. words【解析】考查名词的复数。句意:语言很少是关于词汇的,更多的是关于词江背后的含义。words和meanings在句中表并列。 63. learning【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。spend time doing sth.“花费时间做某事”,是固定结构。 64. smoothly【解析】考查副词。句意:如果你把所有的时间都花在学习词汇和语法上,你将永远不能流利地说一门语言,因为你将没有什么可谈的。应使用副词smoothly修饰实义动词speak。 65. but【解析】考查固定短语。not only ... but also ...意为“不仅……而且”。故填but。 (2019·四川宜宾)第一节 综合填空 (共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,根据音标、单词、首字母和语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的单词,要求意义准确、拼写正确。   (2019·四川宜宾)Auckland is the largest city in New Zealand. It lies on North Island 61. ______ a population of a million people. This seaside city is considered as 62. ______ important center for business and industry. It 63. ______ (be) also the most exciting city in New Zealand. It also has people of many different cultures 64. _____ (live) there. Its history goes back over 650 years. 65. _____ (Europe) settlement (定居) began in 1840 after the British’s arrival. Auckland once became the 66. _____ /’k?pitl/ of New Zealand for some time. 67. S_____ 1945, Auckland has grown and it now has large modern suburbs. Famous sights include Mt. Eden 68.______ Auckland Harbor Bridge. In the city, you can enjoy an 69. _____(amaze) view from the Sky Tower, which is the city’s tallest tower. You can also see many traditional 70. ______(dance) at the Auckland Museum. 题材:说明文 话题:3周围环境 (9)房屋和居所 词数:148 【答案】61. with 62. an 63. is 64. living 65. European 66. capital 67. Since 68. and 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了新西兰的首都奥克兰的情况。 61. with 介词with意为“带有”,表示伴随。这里指奥克兰是一个有百万人口的城市。  62. an 句意:这个海边城市被视为一个重要的工业与商业中心。名词前应加冠词修饰,表示泛指用不定冠词,important是以元音音素开头的单词,故此处填an。 63. is It指代Auckland,是第三人称单数;本句介绍奥克兰在新西兰城市中的位置,应当用一般现在时。  64. living 句意:目前有许多来自不同文化背景的人正在那儿生活。动名词作定语修饰前面的people,故填living。 65. European 句意:1840年开始,欧洲人开始在那儿定居。“65. _____ (Europe) settlement”在句中作主语,而该空作settlement的定语,故应用European。  66. capital 由音标可知,这里应填capital。 67. Since 由后文Auckland has grown and it now has large modern suburbs.中的现在完成时,可推断出前文是since引导的时间状语。 68. and Mt. Eden和Auckland Harbor Bridge是并列关系,故此空应填and。 69. amazing 以-ing结尾的分词形容词作定语。 70. dances 句意:你也可以在奥克兰博物馆看到许多传统舞蹈。这里强调舞蹈的种类。 第二节:(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。将答案填写在答题纸的相应位置。 (2019浙江杭州)The eco-house Simon Dale didn't want to live in a city's apartment building. So he made up his mind____51___(build) his own home in the countryside. He moved to Wales with his family and built a wooden eco-house. With the help of his father-in-law, a builder, he moved into a ____52___ (comfort ) new home after only four months. ____53___ only cost $4, 700 to build the house. The eco house is made of natural____54___ (material). Simon Dale and his father-in-law____55___ (dig) into the side of a hill and then used the mud and stone to make the walls. The floors ____56___( make) from wood from the nearby area. The design is open-plan. There is no central heating, ____57___there's a wood-burner and solar panels(太阳能电板) on the top____58___ can provide power for lighting, music and computing. Drinking water is from a nearby spring. The fridge stays cool, thanks ____59___ air from under the ground. Simon Dale says, "We try to live in peace with the natural world. "He has ____60___ (certain) done his best to achieve that. 体裁:记叙文 话题:(74) 环境保护 词数:178 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,文章讲述了Simon Dale利用自然资源和太阳能电板在乡村修建了一个生态之家,和大自然和谐共存的故事,呼吁人们保护环境。 【答案】51. to build 52. comfortable 53. It 54. materials 55. dug 56. are made 57. but 58. which/that 59. to 60. certainly 【解析】 51:to build考查不定式,此处作目的状语。句意:因此他下定决心在乡下建造一个自己的家。 52:comfortable考查形容词。句意:在他岳父——一个建筑师的帮助下,仅仅四个月后他就搬进了一个舒服的新家。根据空后的home可知,此处应填形容词,故填comfortable。 53:It考查代词用法。此句缺少主语,只有it才可以作形式主语,真正的主语是后面的to build the house。句意:建造这样的一个房子只花了4,700美元。 54:materials, 考查名词复数,从下文可以看出,他们使用了各种自然材料,要用复数。句意:这个环保房子是由自然材料做成的。 55:dug, 考查动词时态。根据下句中and then used可知要用一般过去时,故填dug。 56:are made 考查被动语态。结合下文可知要用一般现在时,且主语表物,故需用被动语态。句意:地板是用附近地区的木头做的。 57:but, 考查连词。根据逻辑推理,此处上下句之间有转折关系,故用but。句意:房子没有中央空调,但是屋顶上有一烧木头的火炉和太阳能板,这些可以提供用电、放音乐和用电脑的能量。 58:that/which考查定语从句关系代词。先行词是前面的 a wood-burner and solar panels,that/which作主语,引导后面的定于从句。 59:to, 考查固定搭配。thanks to, 幸亏、由于。句意:冰箱保持制冷,多亏了来自地下的空气。 60:certainly考查副词,修饰动词has done要用副词certainly。 (2019·浙江绍兴)五、语法填空(本题有10小题,每小题1分,共计10分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。 Tani, 8 years old, ran away from Nigeria with his family two years ago. ___61___ they got to the United States, a churchman ___62___ (warm) helped place them in a homeless shelter (收容所) in New York. Tani’s dad worked as a driver. And his mom studied hard ___63___ (become) a nurse. Tani started going to Primary School 116. There, ___64___ learned to play the game that would change his life: chess. On March 10th, Tani ___65___ (win) a state champion (冠军) for little kids. He beat 73 other players. Some had practiced with private chess teachers, but Tani had practiced on ___66___ floor of the homeless shelter alone. A reporter wrote an article about Tani. In three weeks, thousands ___67___ people gave away over $ 250, 000 to Tani and his family on GoFundMe. Some also left ___68___ (message). “Tani! You are a superstar!” one person wrote. Recently, Tani and his family ___69___ (decide) to give away all the money. “Thanks to others’ help, we live much ___70___ (happily) than before,” Tani’s father, Kayode, told TIME for Kids. “Now we want to help poor people.” 体裁:记叙文 话题:慈善事业 词数:177 【主旨大意】文章记叙了8岁的Tani和家人从尼日利亚逃往美国受人帮助的故事。当Tani成为优秀的棋手后,将赚来的钱用于慈善事业,帮助穷人。 【答案】 61.When/After 62.warmly 63.to become 64.he 65.won 66.the 67.of 68.messages 69.have decided 70.more happily 【解析】 61.When/After 根据语境可判断,此处填“当……时候”或“在……之后”均可。 62.warmly 副词修饰动词helped,作状语。 63.to become 不定式作目的状语,填to become。 64.he 该句子缺少主语,且内容上虞Tani有关,则填主格人称代词he。 65.won 整段时态为一般过去时态,则此处填won。 66.the 因on the floor为固定搭配,意为“在地板上”。 67.of 因thousands of为固定搭配,意为“成千上万”。 68.messages 根据语境可知此处指“留言”,leave a message/messages。 69.have decided 根据关键词“Recently(最近)” 可判断,该句子时态为现在完成时态。故填have decided。 70.more happily 根据比较级关键词“than”可判断 ,此处填副词的happily比较级,故填more happily。 第一节 综合填空 阅读下列材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) (2019·湖南怀化)Over 80 years ago, Mickey Mouse first appeared in the cartoon Steamboat Willie. When this cartoon came out in New York___61____ November 18, 1928, it was the ____62____ (one) cartoon with sound and music. The man behind Mickey was Walt Disney. He became very rich and ___63____(success). In the 1930s, he ____64___(make) 87 cartoons with Mickey. Some people might ask how this cartoon animal became so popular. One of the main reason is that Mickey was like a common man, but he always tried ___65____(face) any danger. In his early films, Mickey was unlucky and had many ____66____(problem) such as losing his house or girlfriend, Minnie. However, he was always ready to try___67___(he) best. People went to the cinema to see the “little man” win. Most of ___68____(they) wanted to be like Mickey. Today’s cartoons are usually not so simple as little Mickey Mouse, ___69___ everyone still knows and loves him. Who has ____70____ pair of ears more famous than Mickey’s? 题材:记叙文 话题:电影与戏剧;故事 词数:167 【主旨大意】 本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲述关于米老鼠的动画片的背景及受欢迎的原因。 【答案】 61.on 62. first 63. successful 64. made 65. to face 66. problems 67. his 68. them 69.but 70.a 【解析】 61. on 句意:当这部动画片在1928年11月18日的纽约出现时...... 具体到某天前使用介词on。 62. first 句意:当这部动画片在1928年11月18日的纽约出现时,这是第一部带有声音和音乐的动画片。结合句意及关键词定冠词the可知,空格处要用其序数词,故填first。 63. successful 句意:他变得很富有而成功。分析句子结构可知,and 连接并列结构,rich为形容词,故此处用success的形容词形式,故填successful。 64. made 句意:在20世纪30年代,他已经制作了87部含有米老鼠动画片。句中In the 1930s (在20世纪30年代)推断句子应使用一般过去时态。故填 made。 65. to face句意:一个重要的原因之一是米老鼠像一个普通人,但他总是尽力面对任何困难。 try to do sth.表示尽力做某事。故填to face。 66. problems 句意:在他的早期的电影里,米老鼠是不幸运的,有很多像丢失房屋或失去女朋友的问题。many 后要用可数名词复数,故填problems。 67. his 句意:然而,他总是尽力做到最好。try one’s best表示尽某人最大努力,故填he的形容词性物主代词,故填his。 68. them 句意:大部分人想成为像米老鼠一样的人。分析句子结构可知,of为介词,后用人称代词的宾格形式,故填them。 69. but 句意:虽然现在的动画片不像米老鼠一样的简单了,人们仍然喜爱他。分析前后句关系,表示转折,故用连词but进行引导。 70. a 句意:句意:谁有一副比米老鼠的更出名的耳朵呢? a pair of固定搭配, 表示 “一双;一副”。故填不定冠词a。 (2018·四川绵阳)第一节:语法填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个恰当的词或括号内单词的正确形式,并将答案写在答总卡的相应位置。 The topic of this programme is environmental protection, We human beings 56 (do)a lot of things at the cost of the environment to develop economy quickly in the past few year. I do think it is time for us to understand the 57 (important ) of protecting the environment and do something about it. And today I would like 58 (introduce) some simple but useful ways that we can follow 59 (easy ) in our daily life. Firstly, turn 60 lights if it is unnecessary, then go out in environment-friendly ways such as by bus, by subway or by bike. We can even walk to work when possible, 61 is really helpful for both of our budget and health. Thirdly, try best to 62 (use )things like books, paper, magazines and so on. And we can also take a cloth bag when we go 63 (shop). Please don't use plastic ones. Of course the public should raise environmental awareness and realize it is 64 (everyone) duty to protect the environment. Last but not least, the government should make laws to guide people’s 65 (behave). 题材:说明文 话题:3 周围的环境 如何保护环境 词数:185 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章讲述了人类面临的环境以及如何保护环境。 【解析】 56.have done 根据句中的时间状语in?the?past?few?year “在过去的几年里”判断,该句应用现在完成时态。 57. importance 句意为:我认为是让我们明白保护环境的_____的时候了。让我们明白保护环境的重要性,应用important 的名词importance。 58. to introduce would like to do sth. 意为“想做某事”,是固定搭配。 59.easily 句意为:一些简单但有用的方法,我们可以很______在日常生活中遵循。根据句意判断,此处应该用easy的副词形式easily。 60. off turn off lights意为“关灯”,是固定搭配。 61.It “It is +形容词”是固定句型。 62.use 句意为:第三,尽量_____书籍、纸张、杂志等物品。try to do sth.尽量做某事是固定搭配。 63.shopping go shopping意为“去购物”,是固定搭配。 64. everyone’s 句意为:保护环境是_____的责任。根据句意判断,此处应该用everyone 的所有格形式。 65. behavior 句意为:政府应该制定法律来指导人们的______。根据句意判断,此处应用动词behave的名词形式behavior。 (2019浙江湖州)七、语法填空(本题有10小题,每小题1分,共10分) 阅读下面的短文。在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。 Greetings from Mardrid! I can't believe I'm finally here!The trip from Hong Kong ___66____(be)long and tiring,but I made it.My hotel is nice and I am staying in a guesthouse in the central area of Madrid.I got a cheap and simple room,much___67___(small) than my own room back home.It only has a small bed and shower,___68___it is quite comfortable to stay in.The weather here is wonderful.It's warm and sunny,___69____clear blue skies every day.It's great for sightseeing,because there are a lot of things to see and do.I've found a friendly guide here and yesterday I __70____(show) around the city.Tomorrow he will take __71____(I) to Andalusia to visit the city of Granada.I can't wait ___72___(see) the Alhambra Place and other places of interest.Also,I____73___(real) want to try the food there—especially gazpacho,___74____kind of cold soup which I hear is special,very different from anything else in Spain. I'll bring you back some___75___(present).See you next month! Love,Jamie 体裁:记叙文 话题:17. 旅行 词数:151 【主旨大意】本文是一篇应用文。主要介绍游览香港的一次经历。 66.was【解析】句意:从香港来的旅程既漫长又累人,但我做到了。由句中but I made it.可知此处要用一般过去时,主语the trip是单数名词,谓语用was,故填was。 67.smaller【解析】句意:我有一个简单又便宜的房间,比我家自己的房间小得多。由句中than可知要用比较级,故填smaller。 68.but【解析】句意:它只有一张小床和一个淋浴间,______呆在里面很舒服。 根据句意可知前后句子之间存在转折关系,故填but。 69.with【解析】句意:天气温暖,阳光明媚,每天都有晴朗的蓝天。根据句意可知with符合语境,意为“带有,具有”,故填with。 70.was shown/was showed【解析】句意:我在这里找到了一位友好的导游,昨天我被带到城里参观。由yesterday可知要用一般过去时,主语I与show之间是被动关系,被带到,要用一般过去时的被动语态,故填was shown/was showed。 71.me【解析】句意:明天他将带我去Andalusia去参观Granada的城市。此处用宾格me作take的宾语,故填me。 72.to see【解析】句意:我迫不及待要去阿罕布拉和其他感兴趣的地方。习惯用法:can’t wait to do sth.迫不及待做某事,故填to see。 73.really【解析】句意:我真的很想尝尝那里的食物,特别是西班牙凉拌菜,我听说这是一种很特别的冷汤,和西班牙的其他任何地方都不一样。副词修饰动词want,故填really。 74.a【解析】句意见73题,固定搭配:a kind of一种……,故填a。 75.presents【解析】句意:我将给你带回一些礼物。由some可知要用复数形式,故填presents。 (2019甘肃天水)Ⅷ. 完型填空2(每空1分,共10分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 We can't remember clearly when we start to be take our mobiles to the dinner table.This often happens,___81____(especial)when we eat out.Once a dish comes,____82___of lifting our chopsticks,we take our our mobiles and click.Later,we post the photos onto Weibo or WeChat,waiting to be "liked".Then we check our mobiles from time to time during the meal to see whether we get "liked" ___83____not.We just cannot leave our mobiles for only a meal. Does that sound familiar to you?Do you do that often?If not,how do you feel when others do that while having dinner with you? A recent study suggests that what we are used to ___84___(do) is not so good.Spending time taking photos of food makes the food less pleasant.To text this,some researchers did an experiment.Some people were ____85__(ask) to take photos before they could enjoy food.As a ___86____,it showed that the ___87____(many) photos they took,the less delicious the food ___88___to them.Why not stop taking photos and just enjoy the food in front of you? So,next time you go out to have dinner with your family or friends,how about not ___89____(take)photos of food?Let the food be delicious as it is and share your life __90____ people around you.Trust me,and it will be a wonderful time. 题材:说明文 话题:12 饮食习俗 词数:203 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。主要讲述现在生活中的一种现象,在吃东西,尤其是在外面吃的时候,人们不再是菜一上来就开始享受美味的食物,而是拍很多食物的照片发到微博上或者微信里等着被人们点赞。花时间给食物拍照会使食物不那么令人愉快,所以我们应该和 我们周围的人享受生活而不是拍食物的照片。 81.especially【解析】句意:这经常发生,尤其当我们在外面吃饭时。副词修饰句子,故填especially。 82.instead【解析】句意:一旦有一道菜来了,我们就拿起手机点击,而不是提起筷子。固定搭配:instead of而不是,代替,根据句意,故填instead。 83.or【解析】句意:然后,我们会在用餐期间不时检查手机,看看我们是否“被喜欢”了。习惯用法:whether…or not是否……,故填or。 84.doing【解析】句意:最近的一项研究表明,我们习惯做的事情并不是那么好。固定搭配:be used to doing sth.习惯与做某事,故填doing。 85.asked【解析】句意:有些人被要求在吃饭前拍照。根据句意可知此处是一般现在时的被动语态,故填asked。 86.result【解析】句意:结果表明,他们拍的照片越多,食物就越不好吃。固定搭配:as a result结果,故填result。 87.more【解析】习惯用法:the+比较级……,the+比较级……越……越……,故填more。 88.was【解析】be to sb.对某人,根据语境可知,此处要用一般过去时,故填was。 89.taking【解析】句意:所以,下次你和家人或朋友出去吃饭的时候,不给食物拍照怎么样?固定搭配:what/how about (not) doing sth.(不)做某事如何,故填taking。 90.with【解析】句意:让食物保持原样的美味,与周围的人分享你的生活。固定搭配:share sth. with sb.和某人分享某物,故填with。 Ⅳ. 语法填空。(10分) (2019·广东深圳)阅读下面短文,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡规定的位置上。(共10小题,每小题1分) Jason and Andy are twins. They share a lot of things, including room, food and toys. One Saturday, Jason and Andy went out 46._________ (play) with a toy car. Both of them wanted to be the owner of the car, so they shouted at each other. 47. _________ (They) mother heard the boys arguing. She came out and told them to take turns to play with the toy car, but the twins wouldn’t. A few days later. Mother brought 48. _________ pet dog home. “Can’t we each have our own pet dog?” asked the boys. They were 49. _________ (tire) of sharing everything. “No! The dog must 50. _________ (share).” Mother said. “You will have to feed the dog and make sure it does not get into anything wrong.” Several days later, the dog got into mother’s room 51. _________ (secret) and made a mess there. Jason saw the dog playing with mother’s clothes. He quickly went to find Andy and told him 52.________ the dog had done. “Oh, no! It’s our duty to clean up the mess!” 53. _________ (cry) Andy. The boys picked up the clothes and put them away rapidly. “Just think, Jason,” said Andy, “what a big mess two 54.________ (dog) would made!” “I agree 55. _________ you,” laughed Jason, “Maybe sharing isn’t so bad!” 题材:记叙文 话题:8. 人际交往 合作与交流 词数:243 【主旨大意】通过双胞胎Jason和Andy之间有关“分享”的故事,总结出一个“分享或许不是坏事”事理。 【答案】46. to play 47. Their 48. a 49. tired 50. be shared 51. secretly 52. what 53. cried 54. dogs 55. with 【解析】 46. to play 考查动词不定式。他们出去玩玩具,动词不定式表目的。 47. Their 考查物主代词。分析句子结构,名词前用形容词性物主代词,注意:句首字母要大写。 48. a考查不定冠词。dog 可数名词单数,前面应用冠词限定。由题意可知“妈妈买了一只宠物狗”,用不定冠词a。 49. tired考查固定搭配。be tired of doing sth.表示厌倦/厌烦做某事。 50. be shared考查被动语态。这只小狗要“由他们俩分享”也是“被分享”,所以要用“must be shared”。 51. secretly考查词性转化和副词用法。该空需要修饰动词got into用副词修饰,secret的副词形式为 secretly“秘密地,悄悄地”。 52. what考查宾语从句,从句“he had done”缺少宾语,句意“告诉他这个狗做了什么”,故用 what。 53. cried考查动词时态。句意“Andy 大喊到……”,由前后句可知,为一般过去时,故填 cried。 54. dogs考查名词复数。dog 是可数名词,两只狗,直接加-s。 55. with考查固定搭配。agree with sb.表示同意某人。 (2019湖北荆门)第二节 综合填空 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式(不超过3个单词) Xi'an celebrated the first-ever China Hanfu Day 56 April 18. There were catwalk shows(走秀) and traditional music concerts which 57 (hold) by people wearing traditional Chinese clothing. Hanfu fans from all over China gathered there to take 58 (photo) and put them online for a Hanfu photo competition, which lasted until May 18. China Hanfu Day is on the third day of the third 59 of the Chinese lunar calendar (农历), which is said to be the birthday of the Yellow Emperor. In ancient China, this day was also known 60 Shangsi Festival (上巳节). Its purpose is to encourage young Chinese 61 (take) pride in traditional clothing, as well as Chinese culture. Hanfu is the traditional clothing of the Han people who lived in China before the Qing Dynasty. It has a history of about 3,000 years and it 62 (change) greatly so far. However, some of 63 (it) main characteristics(特点) remain. For example, there are two parts that overlap(交叠) on the front, which is called "jiao ling". Another main characteristic of Hanfu is that it usually uses ribbons (系带) instead of buttons. China is becoming a leading country in the world, and the Chinese public feels more confident(自信的) about its traditional culture 64 ever before. Wearing traditional clothing might be an interesting way of showing 65 they feel about this. 题材:说明文 话题:(30) 节日与假日(Festivals and holidays) 词数:244 【主旨大意】本文时一篇说明文。短文介绍了4月18日在西安举行的首届汉服节。当日举行时装秀,传统音乐会等活动,还有拍照比赛。从而鼓励年轻人为中国传统文化而感到骄傲与自豪。 【答案】56. on 57. were held 58. photos 59. month 60. as 61. to take 62. has changed 63 its 64. than 65. how 【解析】 56. on句意:4月18日,西安庆祝了第一个中国汉服日。英语中,在具体某日用介词on。 57. were held句意:有时装走秀和被穿着传统中国服装的人们举行的传统音乐会。which引导的定语从句,which在从句中作主语指代concert,被举行。故填were held。 58. photos句意:来自中国各地的汉服爱好者聚集在这里拍照,并将照片放到网上,参加持续到5月18日的汉服摄影比赛。take photos拍照。 59. month句意:中国汉服日是在农历第三个月的第三天,这是黄帝的生日。 60. as句意:在古代中国,这一天也被作为上巳节而出名。be known as…作为……而出名。 61. to take句意:它的目的是鼓励中国年轻人为传统服装和中国文化感到自豪。encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人去作某事。 62. has changed句意:它有大约3000年的历史,到目前为止已经发生了很大的变化。根据so far可知用现在完成时,故填has changed。 63. its句意:然而,它的一些主要特征依然存在。名词前用形容词性物主代词,故填its。 64. than句意:中国正在成为世界上领先的国家,中国公众对其传统文化比以前任何时候更自信。more以及后面的ever before暗示了用than比以前。 65. how句意:穿着传统服装或许是一种表达他们对此怎样感受的有趣方式。用how表示询问怎样的感受。 (2019·湖北宜昌)综合填空:根据所给首字母、上下文或汉语提示完成空格中所缺单词,使短文完整通顺,语法正确,每个空只能填一个词。 The Chinese high-speed railways have a quality all on its own. Tier 1 (一线) c 56 like Beijing have a couple hundred high-speed trains stopping at the city every day. China’s 57 (科技) on building the railway is leading the rest of the world. There is no sign that my 58 country could be better than China in near future. I had my 59 (第一次) opportunity to ride the high-speed train last week when I had a business meeting in Zhengzhou. As someone w 60 grew up with a disdain (偏见) for public transportation (not sure why the US hates it so much), I was afraid 61 the experience. I hoped to fly, but was told that it would be much better if I 62 (乘) the train. The train was amazing. I had traveled on a train before in the US, and hated how s 63 it was and how many stops there were. Chinese high-speed trains are on a different level. The trains are clean and the seats are huge. You can’t even 64 (感觉) how fast the train is moving. If there were no windows, I wouldn’t be a 65 to tell when we were stopped or when we were traveling at 300 km/h- it is that smooth. I’m traveling again this week by train and I’m excited. 体裁 议论文 话题 交通运输方式 词数 239 【主旨大意】本文是一篇议论文,作者描述了中国在高铁方面取得领先全世界的成就。 【答案】56. cities 57. technology 58. other 59. first 60. who 61. of 62. took 63. slow 64. feel 65. able 【解析】56. cities 前面定语为Tier 1; 而后面的定语为like Beijing, 二者联系起来即为“一线城市”,根据谓语动词have可知,主语应为复数形式,故填cities。 57. technology “科技”对应的英语单词即“technology”,technology为不可数名词,故用其原形做主语。 58. other 考查名词单复数。China为一个国家,与之比较的,应为“别的国家”,用在名词前面,应为other。 59. first 序数词first, 表示“第一次”,故填first。 60. who 分析句子结构可知本句为定语从句修饰先行词为anyone,在从句中作主语,关系代词只能为who。 61. of 后面为宾语experience,前面是固定短语be afraid of。 62. took 主句用过去将来时,if引导的条件状语从句应为一般过去时态。 63. slow作者此前已表达“afraid of this experience”, 其原因即为slow和so many stops。因为他此前从未体验过中国的高铁是什么速度和舒适度。 64. feel 前面有情态动词can,此处动词应为原形。 65. able由于it’s so smooth,因此乘坐者不能够感觉到“何时停靠”又“何时高速行驶”。由首字母a以及前面的系动词和后面的不定式可联想到be bale to,意为“能够”,加动词原形。 (2019?福建)Ⅶ. 短文填空(共10小题;每小题1分,共10分) 阅读下面短文,根据语境、音标或所给单词的提示,在每个空格内填入一个恰当的词,要求所填的词意义准确、形式正确,使短文意思完整、行文连贯。 Before paper was invented, people wrote or drew on materials such as bamboo, 81 /silk/, animal hide, and wooden blocks. Writing materials were 82 (real) expensive and few people learned to read. Therefore, few people wrote. This all changed, thanks 83 a man named Cai Lun. Paper had already existed (存在) in China, but the process for 84 (produce) it was difficult and the paper, was of low quality. Cai Lun began experimenting (试验) with many different materials and different 85 ( method) to turn those materials into paper. In the year 105, he made it from tree bark, bamboo, cloth rugs, and fishing nets. His paper was 86 ( strong) and cheaper than any paper that had been made before. With Cai Lun’s papermaking method, Chinese culture 87 /gru:/ more rapidly over the next several centuries. That's because ideas were much easier to share 88 more people learned to read. The use of paper spread abroad, helping 89 /????/ cultures record and spread their ideas. Today, Cai Lun is considered a national hero in China. But 90 whole world should remember the clever Chinese papermaker forever. 题材:说明文 22.科普知识与现代技术(Popular science and modern technology) (78) 发明与技术 (Inventions and technological advances):蔡伦造纸术 词数:193 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。本文主要讲述了蔡伦是如何发明造纸术的,并谈论了造纸术的出现对中国乃至整个世界的影响。 81. silk 考查名词,根据音标可知该单词,举例说明人们在竹子,丝绸等物品上写字、绘画。 82. really 考查副词,really修饰形容词expensive。 83. to 考查介词,thanks to意为“幸亏了,由于”。 84. producing 考查非谓语动词,介词for后需要跟动词的-ing形式,即producing。 85. methods 考查名词,由于名词前有修饰词different,故需要用名词的复数形式methods。 86. stronger 考查形容词,后又提示词than,故需要用形容词的比较级形式。故用stronger。 87. grew 考查动词,由于有提示词the next several centuries,语境意为在接下来的几个世纪,说明已经过去,故用一般过去式形式。 88. and 考查连词,前后两个句子为并列关系,故用and连接。 89. other 考查形容词,意为不同的文化。 90. the 考查冠词, the whole world,特指整个世界,故用定冠词the。 (2019湖北黄冈)五、综合填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面的材料,在空白处填入一个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。(提示:每空不超过三个单词) Dear Laura, Thanks for your message. Yes, I’m having a great time on my exchange program in France. I was a bit nervous before I arrived here, but there was no reason to be. My host family is really nice. They go out of their way 70 (make) me feel at home. The grandmother has a teenage granddaughter about my age 71 is really kind. She always talks to me in French to help me practice. And you wouldn’t believe how quickly my French has 72 (improve)! I’m very comfortable speaking French now. 73 I still make lots of mistakes, it doesn’t worry me as it used to. My biggest challenge is learning how to behave at the dinner table. 74 you can imagine, things are really different from the way they are at home. For example, you shouldn’t put your bread on your plate. You 75 ( suppose) to put it on the table! I thought that was pretty strange at first, but now I’m used to it. You shouldn’t eat 76 ( something) with your hands except bread, not even fruit. You have to cut it up and eat it with a fork. Another thing is that it is very 77 (polite) to say you're full. If you don't want any more food, you should just say, “It was delicious.” Also, you shouldn't put your elbows on the table. I have to say that I find it difficult to remember everything, but I’m 78 ( gradual) getting used to it. I don’t find French customs so strange any more. Dear Laura, I’ll write again soon and tell you more about my life in France. Hope you are having 79 good school year. Yours, Lin Yue 题材:应用文 话题:19. 语言学习经历 词数:307 【主旨大意】本文是一篇应用文。是一封李月写给劳拉的一封信。在信中,李月交代了在法国作为交换生的一些情况,包括她的法语的进步,对于文化的理解等。 【答案】70. to make 71. who/that 72. improved 73. Although/Though 74. As 75. are supposed 76. anything 77. impolite 78. gradually 79. a 【解析】 70. to make 句意:他们格外努力去使我有种宾至如归的感觉。to make作目的状语。 71. who/that 句意:祖母有一个和我年龄相仿的孙女,人很好。先行词是granddaughter,表示“人”,在从句中作主语,关系代词用who或that。 72. improved句意:你不会相信我的法语已经提升的多么快!前面有has,是完成时,用过去分词improved。 73. Although/Though 句意:尽管我还犯错误,但不会像过去那样让我担心。although或though引导的让步状语从句。 74. As 句意:正如你想到的那样,这里的事情和我们在家的处理方式不一样。as意为“正如”。 75. are supposed 句意:你应该把它放在盘子上。be supposed to do应该做。 76. anything 句意:除了面包之外你不能用手吃任何东西。否定句中用anything。 77. impolite 句意:另一件事就是说你吃饱了是不礼貌的。根据下文应该说“真好吃”,可知说“吃饱了”是不礼貌的。 78. gradually 句意:但是我慢慢的习惯了。此处用副词形式gradually修饰be动词。 79. a 句意:希望你度过一个快乐的学年。year是单数,用a 修饰。 五、语法填空(每小题1分,共10分) (2019 ?广西玉林)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Twenty years ago, I drove a taxi for my life and sometimes I had to work at night. One late night, I got a telephone call 66 a neighborhood. When I arrived there at 2:30 am, the only building was dark except a single light in the 67 (five) floor window. So I walked up and knocked at the door. "Just a minute," answered a weak voice. After a long time, the door opened and a small woman 68 (stand) in front of me. Next to her was a small box. Quickly I took her box to the car and then returned to hold her. She kept 69 (thank) me. When we got in the car, she asked, "Can you drive me through the blocks?" “ 70 it's too late now," I replied. "I don't mind," she said slowly. "I’m in no hurry. The doctor says I don't have much time live...” I 71 (quiet) turned off the meter (计费器). For the next two hours, we drove through the city and passed the building where she had once worked, the neighborhood where she and her husband had lived, and some other places. As 72 sun was rising, we stopped in front of a low building. Two young 73 (woman) were waiting there. They were both the nurses who would look after her. "How much do I have to pay?" she asked. “Nothing," I replied. I was sure I would never forget this 74 (pain) experience. She looked surprised, "You gave a woman who is dying a little moment of pleasure," she said. “Thank you.” Sometimes people may not remember exactly what you did or said. However, they'll always remember how you make 75 (they) feel. And they'll never forget it. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 体裁:记叙文 词数:294 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述了作者作为一名出租车司机在一个深夜接到一位特殊的顾客——一位即将离开人世的老妇人,并满足了她最后的愿望,用两个小时载着老人最后再看一看这个城市的街区,这给老人带来了难忘的经历。 【答案】 66. from 67. fifth 68. stood 69. thanking 70. But 71. quietly 72. the 73. women 74. painful 75. them 【解析】 66. from 句意:一天深夜,我接到了一个邻近街区的电话。用介词from表示电话是从一个邻近的街区打来的。故填from。 67. fifth 此处表示五楼窗户的灯亮着,需要用序数词。故填fifth。 68. stood 此处需要与前面并列的动词opened在时态上保持一致。故填stood。 69. thanking 句意:她一直在感谢我。keep doing sth.表示“一直做某事”,因此keep后面要接动词-ing形式。故填thanking。 70. But 此处与上文女人说的话“Can you drive me through the blocks?”形成一种转折关系,表示“但是,现在太晚了”。因此填连词But。 71. quietly 句意:我悄悄地关闭了计费器。此处需要用副词修饰短语动词turned off。故填quietly。 72. the 名词sun前面需要用定冠词the来限定太阳这一独一无二的事物。故填the。 73. women 空格前面有数词two修饰,因此可数名词woman要用复数形式:women。 74. painful 此处需要用形容词修饰名词experience。故填painful。 75. them 空格处需要用人称代词的宾格做动词make的宾语。故填them。 五、语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) (2019宁夏) 阅读下列短文,在空白处填

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  • ID:4-6194868 2019年中考英语分类汇编 首字母填词专题 含解析

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    首字母填空专题 B. (2019江苏连云港)根据短文意思和首字母提示,写出一个完整正确的单词。 Every year in early October, Albuquerque International Balloon Festival is (51) h______ in Albuquerque, the biggest city in New Mexico. Because of the great number of balloons, it is the world’s (52) l______ ballooning event. For more than 30 years, guests from all over the world come to Albuquerque in October to celebrate ballooning. In 2018,over 900, 000 people (53) a______ this event. There were over 500 balloons in the event with over 1,000 pilots. When (54) h______ of colorful balloons flew up high, the sky of Albuquerque became a moving cartoon. It was full of colors and special characters. It was a time when (55) d______ came true and romance filled the sky. Grown-ups and children were amazed and joyful during the balloon festival. 体裁:记叙文 话题:10. 节假日活动 (30)节日与假日 话题:29. 社会热点 词数:127 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章讲述了阿尔布开克国际气球节的庆祝活动。 【答案】51. held 52. largest 53. attended 54. hundreds 55. dreams 【解析】 51. held 考查被动语态。句意:每年十月初,阿尔伯克基国际气球节在阿尔伯克基举行。由于气球节是被举行,故要用被动语态,单词hold“举行,举办”,故答案为held。 52. largest 考查形容词比较级。根据前半句“由于气球数量众多”可推测,它是世界上最大的热气球比赛项目,故此处答案为largest“最大的”。 53. attended 考查动词。根据over 900, 000 people可知后面需要动词作谓语,又In 2018时间状语为一般过去时,故答案为attended。 54. hundreds 考查数词。固定短语hundreds of“数以百计的”根据后句中colorful balloons flew up high“五颜六色的气球飞得很高”可知,是数以百计的气球,故答案为hundreds。 55. dreams 考查名词。根据后半句“浪漫弥漫在天空”可知,此时应该是一个梦想成真的时刻,此处要用名词的复数形式,故答案为dreams。 B) (2019·江苏南京)请根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 66-75的相应位置上。 Chinese writing is one of the world’s greatest writing systems. It is more w___66____ in use than alphabetic(字母的) writing systems. More than half of the world’s books are written in Chinese, including historical writing and novels, along with writing on government and law. At the beginning, written Chinese was a picture-based l___67____. It dates back several thousand years to the u____68___ of animals bones and shells on which symbols were carved(刻) by ancient Chinese people. Some of the ancient symbos can still be seen in t__69____ hanzi. By the Shang Dynasty, these symbols had become a well-developed writing system. Over the years, the system developed into different forms, as it was a time when people were d___70_____ geographically, leading to different dialects(方言) and characters. This, however, c___71___ under Emperor Qinshihuang of the Qin Dynasty. Emperor Qinshihuang united(统一) the seven major states into one country where the Chinese writing system began to develop in one direction. That writing system was of great i___72_____ in uniting the Chinese people and culture. Even today, no matter where Chinese people live or what dialect they speak, they can all still c___73___ in writing. Written Chinese has also become an important method to c___74___ China’s present with its past. People in modern times can read the classic works which were written by Chinese in ancient times. Today, Chinese writing system is still an important part of Chinese culture. As China plays a g___75___ role in the world, an increasing number of international students are beginning to appreciate(欣赏) China’s culture through this amazing language. Written Chinese spreads Chinese culture wherever it goes. 体裁:说明文 话题 (65) 语言与文化 话题 (73) 国家与民族 话题 (76) 文化习俗 话题23. 历史与社会 词数:281 【主旨大意】汉字是中国文化的重要组成部分,它经历了象形字、会意字、指事字和形声字等几个阶段,秦并吞了六国后,统一了文字,对于凝聚中华民族和中华文化具有重要意义。当今,随着中国在世界上发挥着巨大的作用,越来越多的国际学生开始通过这种神奇的语言欣赏中国的文化。书面汉语无论到哪里都传播着中国文化。 【答案】66. widely 67. language 68. use 69. today’s 70. divided 71. changed 72. importance 73.communicate 74. connect 75. great/greater 【解析】 66. widely句意:它比字母的书写系统更广泛地被使用。 67. language句意:起初,书面汉语是一种基于图片的语言。 68. use句意:它可以追溯到几千年前,中国古代人在动物的骨头和贝壳上刻上符号。 69. today’s句意:在今天的汉字中仍然可以看到一些古代的符号。 70. divided句意:多年来,该系统发展成不同的形式,因为当时人们在地理上被划分,导致不同的方言和字符。 71. changed句意:然而,这在秦始皇统治下发生了变化。 72. importance句意:这一写作体系对于凝聚中华民族和中华文化具有重要意义。 73.communicate句意:即使在今天,无论中国人住在哪里,或说什么方言,他们都可以用书面形式交流。 74. connect句意:书面汉语也成为连接中国现在和过去的一种重要方法。 75. great/greater句意:着中国在世界上发挥着巨大/更大的作用,越来越多的国际学生开始通过这种神奇的语言欣赏中国的文化。 第三节短文填空(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 根据短文内容和首字母提示,把文中所缺词语补充出来,使短文完整正确(每空限填一词), 并将该单词的完整形式写在答题卡相应编号后的横线上。 (2019四川南充) In some western countries, some people don’t like the number 13 because they think 13 is an unlucky number. For example, they don’t like to live on the thirteenth floor. One evening, Mr. Smith asked some friends to get 76. t ___. When all of his friends arrived, he asked them to sit at the table for 77. d . He began to 78. c the people. Suddenly, he cried out, “ Oh, there are thirteen people here!” Everyone’s face looked pale 79. e ______ Mr. Brown. He said with a smile, “Don’t worry, my friends. My wife will have a baby in a few weeks. So we have 80. f people here. ” All of the friends became happy again. “Congratulations!” they said to Mr. Brown. They all had a good time that evening. 体裁:说明文 话题:21. 文化习俗 词数:138 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了在一些西方国家不幸运的数字13引出的令人高兴的故事。 【答案】76. together. 77. dinner 78. count 79. except 80. fourteen 【解析】76. together句意:一天晚上,史密斯先生请几个朋友聚在一起。get together为固定短语,意为“聚会”。 77. dinner 由后面的情景可推知,当他所有的朋友都到了,他请他们坐在桌旁就“餐”。正餐用 dinner。 78. count 由下一句 “ Oh, there are thirteen people here!”,可知他开始“数”数。此处用动词count“数”。 79. except 由下文“他笑着说”可知除了布朗先生,每个人的脸都显得苍白。except“除……之外”,故填except。 80. fourteen由上文“我妻子几个星期后就要生孩子了”可知我们这里有13+1=14,共十四个人。故填fourteen。 八、(2019天津)综合填空(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分) 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。每空限填一词。 (2019天津)The villagers in Mhangeni, Africa, faced a very big challenge (挑战). They didn’t have a school for their kids. Then the village elder thought of an i___76___. He said that there was an old, abandoned(废弃的) farmhouse. It could be changed into classrooms after cleaning and furnishing (装设备) it. All the villagers were p___77___ with his suggestion and started the project immediately. The parents repaired the broken walls. Some villagers d___78___ the house into three classrooms by using pieces of wood. The others helped make desks and chairs for the students, Still, there was much more work to do. But the rains were coming. They had to s___79___ working for the school as it was now the best time for them to plant. So, the children of Mhangeni decided to finish the house t___80___. They had to hurry as summer had ended and other schools had already opened. They didn’t want to delay (耽搁) their studies. Every day they were busy with work like cutting the grass and clearing the bushes. The news about the project s___81___ and many people knew it. Two teachers who worked for the country’s Dependent of Education arrived to help out, and two foreign visitors were also touched (感动) by the children’s a___82___. They donated money for them to buy textbooks and stationery. After 10 days of hard work, the new school was r___83___. The kids were very happy but a bit worried—they were behind in their studies. Besides (除……之外) this, they also faced many d___84___. There were not enough classrooms to hold all the students. And two or three students had to share one book. However, the children are happy to study in school—e___85___ in their new school which they helped to build. Though their school might not be modern, their dream of having a school near their homes has come true. 体裁: 记叙文 话题:5. 学校 话题:26. inspiration 词数:342 【答案】76. idea 77. pleased 78. divided 79. stop 80. themselves 81. spread 82. actions 83. ready 84. difficulties 85. especially 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文中主要讲述了非洲Mhangeni地区的村民、孩子们及志愿者帮助建造新学校,孩子们珍惜学习机会并努力学习的故事。 76. idea 考查名词。根据首字母以及后一句描述可知,名词idea符合语境,意指“想出了一个主意”。空格前有不定冠词an,因此idea用单数。 77. pleased 考查形容词。联系下文“started the project immediately.”以及首字母可知,形容词pleased符合语境,意指“所有人对这个建议都很满意”。 78. divided 考查动词。根据语境及首字母可知,动词divide符合语境,意指“把房子分成三间教室”。本文叙述的是发生在过去的事情,因此此处用divide的过去式。 79. stop 考查动词。联系前一句及首字母可知,动词stop符合语境,意指“不得不停下来”。空格前to是不定式符号,因此stop用原形。 80. themselves 考查反身代词。联系后一句可知,此处指孩子们决定靠自己完成这所房子。by oneself靠自己,根据首字母提示可知,此处为反身代词themselves。 81. spread 考查动词。联系下文“many people knew it”及首字母可知,动词spread符合语境。此处描述的是过去发生的动作,因此spread用过去式。spread的过去式与原形动词词形一致,因此没有词形变化。 82. actions 考查名词。根据本段前文描述以及首字母可知,名词action符合语境,意指“孩子们的行动”。此处表示多个孩子们的多种多次行动,因此action用复数形式。 83. ready 考查形容词。联系后一句及首字母可知,形容词ready符合语境,意指“新学校准备好了”。 84. difficulties 考查名词。根据首字母及后两句描述可知,名词difficulty符合语境,意指“他们也面临许多困难”。根据空格前many可知,此处名词用复数形式。 85. especially 考查副词。分析语境可知,此处单词表示语义上的递进关系,根据首字母可知,副词especially符合语境,意指“尤其是在他们帮助建造的新学校里面”。 (2019湖北咸宁)八、短文填空 阅读下面短文,在空白处写出适当的单词,单词首字母已给出。[有的词请 注意词形的变化!](共12个空,做对一个得1分,共10分) Confucius is the greatest teacher in Chinese history. He was born on (66) S__________ 28th, 551B.C. in the Kingdom of Lu, in today's Shandong Province. When he was young, he and his mother had a hard (67) l__________. At the age of fifteen, he began to learn music, and he did well in it. Then he went on (68) l_________ other subjects. When he was thirty, he (69) b_________ a teacher. He started his own school. He believed everyone should have a chance to get education whether they were (70) r__________ or poor. He had about 3, 000 (71) s_________ and many of them became famous. Chinese see Confucius as the greatest thinker (72) w________ had many wise ideas about human nature and behavior. And he is also regarded (73) a__________ the greatest teacher. His most important ideas are about kindness and (74) g________ manners. He said young people should (75) t_________ care of the old. People should not only always think of themselves, but work for (76) o__________. His ideas are around in people’s everyday life. Today people can still hear the ideas, and they even go far into east (77) a__________ south Asia. 体裁:说明文 话题:23. 著名人物 词数:195 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文,介绍的是我国伟大的思想家、教育家孔子的生平事迹和主要贡献。他的思想对古今中外的人们都影响深远。 66. September 根据后面的28th及前面的s可知应该是九月“September”。故填September。 67. life 句意:当他年轻的时候,他和妈妈生活很艰苦。结合句意及首字母l可知应该填life“生活”。 68. learning 结合前面的“学习音乐”及后面的“other subjects”和首字母l可知应该填learn“学习”,由前面的went on可知应该用learning。go on doing sth.意为“继续做某事”。故填learning。 69. became 句意:当他30岁时,他成为一名老师。become“成为”结合句意可知应该用其过去式became。 70. rich 根据后面的or poor可知应该填rich“富有”。 71. students 根据常识可知孔子有3000名学生。由首字母s及句意可知填students“学生”。 72. who 分析句子的结构可知本句是定语从句,先行词是thinker“思想家”关系代词应该用who。 73. as regard… as “把……看作”。结合句意可知填as。 74. good/great 句意:他的重要思想是关于仁慈和好的礼仪。good/great manners“有礼貌的”。故填good/ great。 75. take take care of“照顾”是固定短语。故填take。 76. others 人们不应该仅仅考虑自己,而且要考虑别人。others表示“其他人”,故填others。 77. and 现在人们仍然能听到他的思想,甚至他的思想传到东亚和南亚。结合east和south及首字母a可知应该填and。 (2019·湖北襄阳)六、短文综合填空(本大题共10个空,每空1分,满分10分) 阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在短文空白处填入一个恰当的词,使短文内容完整、通顺,并将所填单词填写在答题卡上相应的题号后。 Most adults find it hard to remember the things happened while they were children. Now scientists have found exactly when these memories d ________(76). A new study has found that most three-year-old children can remember a lot of what happened to them a year e________ (77), and these memories are still clear while they are 5 and 6, but by the time they are over 7, these memories become weaker r________ (78). Most children by the age of 8 or 9 can only remember 35% of their e________ (79) from under the age of 3, according to the new studies. The scientists say this is because at around this age the way we form (形成) memories begins to change. They say that before the age of 7 children do not have a s________ (80) of time and place in their memories. In older children, however, the early things they can remember become more adult-like in the way they are formed. Children also have a far faster speed of f________ (81) than adults. The discoveries also help to explain why children can often have clear memories of what they have done, b________ (82) then forget them just several years later. The children were organized to the laboratory for the first time at the age of 3 and discussed 6 impressed (印象深刻的) things from their past, such as the first relaxing trip with your family, the first d________ (83) accident you met, and the first day of school. The children then returned for a second s______(84) between the ages of 5 and 9 to discuss the same things. The scientists found that between the ages of 5 and 7, the amount (量) of memories that the children could remember r________(85) between 63% — 72%. However, between the ages of 8 to 9, the amount of memories that the children could remember fell to between 35% — 36%. 题材:说明文 话题:22.科普知识与现代技术 词数:324 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。通过几个具体的事例告诉我们,随着年龄的增长、记忆方式的不同,人的记忆量有所下降的原因。 【答案】 76. disappeared 77. earlier 78. rapidly 79. experiences 80. sense 81. forgetting 82. but 83. dangerous 84. scene/ session 85. remained 【解析】 76. disappeared 根据前句Most adults find it hard to remember the things happened while they were children. 推知,后句意为:现在科学家确切地找到了这些记忆消失的时间。故填disappeared。 77. earlier 根据后句and these memories are still clear while they are 5 and 6,推知前句意为:多数三岁的孩子能够记住一年前他们所发生的事情。故填earlier。 78. rapidly 联系前句and these memories are still clear while they are 5 and 6, 推知,后面意为:但是当他们7岁多的时候,这些记忆很快变模糊。故填rapidly。 79. experiences 联系前后得知,此句意为:据新的研究得知,多数8-9岁的孩子能记住他们在3岁之前的35%的经历。故填experiences。 80. sense 联系前后文而知:他们说7岁前的孩子在他们的记忆中没有时间和位置的意识。故填sense。 81. forgetting 据前句In older children, however, the early things they can remember become more adult-like in the way they are formed.推知此句意为:孩子忘事的速度也会比成人快。故填forgetting。 82. but 据前半句The discoveries also help to explain why children can often have clear memories of what they have done,推知后半句意为:但是很快几年后就忘了。故填but。 83. dangerous 联系前文such as the first relaxing trip with your family,和后文and the first day of school,推知此句意为:你遇见的第一次危险事故。故填dangerous。 84. scene/ session 根据该段首句的The children were organized to the laboratory for the first time at the age of 3 and discussed 6 impressed (印象深刻的) things from their past,,推知此句应为:然后5到9岁的孩子参加下一场讨论相同的问题。故填scene / session。 85. remained 联系后文However, between the ages of 8 to 9, the amount of memories that the children could remember fell to between 35% — 36%.推知该句意为:科学家发现5至7岁的孩子们的记忆数量保留在63% 至72%之间。故填remained。 七、短文填空 根据短文内容及首字母提示,补全空格内单词,使短文完整、通顺。(请在答题卡上写出完整单词) (10 分) (2019江苏泰州)Everyone knows that second-hand smoke is as dangerous as first-hand smoke. But have you (71)h______ of “third-hand” smoke? Third-hand smoke means the pollution left on the surfaces(表面)of things around , (72) l_____ furniture or clothes. When someone smokes in a room, poisonous particles(粒子)in tobacco(烟草)smoke land on the surfaces of the furniture or his clothes, even after the cigarette(香烟)has been put out. This can cause a great danger to your family, (73)e_______ younger children. Babies have only just learned to walk. They are more likely to be harmed by third-hand smoke. This is (74) b_____ they are often close to surfaces of things, such as floors, walls and furniture where tobacco particles remain. When they (75) t________ these surfaces, they get their hands polluted. So, it is necessary and important to say (76) n_____ to third-hand smoke. To achieve this, strict (77)r______ for forbidding(禁止)smoking inside homes should be carried out. If one of your family members smokes, please make sure he smokes (78) o____ the house. Get him a special jacket and hat, so once he (79)f______ smoking, he will take them off before getting inside the house. Moreover, make sure that a smoker washes his hands and face, and changes his clothes before picking up the baby. Many times, you cannot see the smoke doing harm to your child, but it doesn't mean he or she is (80)s_______. Give up smoking, or if that is not possible, make sure that your loved ones are far away from third-hand smoke. 体裁:议论文 话题:13. 卫生与健康 话题:14. 安全与救护 词数:254 【主旨大意】本文是一篇议论文。本文中主要介绍了三手烟给人们健康带来的危害以及人们,尤其是小孩如何的防范三手烟的方法措施。 【答案】 71.heard 72.like 73.especially 74.because 75.touched 76.no 77.rules 78.outside 79.finishes 80.safe 【解析】 71. heard 考查动词。根据语境确定表示“听说”要用固定结构hear of。故填heard。 72. like 考查介词。根据语境此处是在举例子,所以要用介词like。故填like。 73. especially 考查副词。根据语境确定表示“尤其是小孩子”要用副词especially。故填especially。 74. because 考查连词。根据后句“they are often close to surfaces of things, such as floors, walls and furniture where tobacco particles remain”是表示原因,此处要用连词because。故填because。 75.touch 考查动词。根据语境确定表示句意“当他们接触这些表面时,他们的手就会受到污染。”要用动词touch。故填touch。 76.no 考查名词。根据语境确定表示“对……说不”要用固定结构say no to sth。故填no。 77.rules 考查名词。根据语境确定表示“严厉的制度”要用名词rules。故填rules。 78. outside 考查介词。联系上文的“for forbidding smoking inside homes should be carried out”确定此处要用介词outside。故填outside。 79.finishes 考查动词。联系下文的“he will take them off before getting inside the house”确定是抽完烟,要用动词finishes。故填finishes。 80.safe 考查形容词。根据上句语境“you cannot see the smoke doing harm to your child”可知要用形容词safe。故填safe。 (三)(2019﹒江苏盐城)根据短文、页边及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使其意思完整。 5 June, 2019 Dear Aunt Grace and Uncle John, I am just writing to tell you that I arrived home safely. I got very t 73 on the train and nearly fell asleep and missed my station! Thank you so much for i 74 me to come and stay. I loved helping on the farm. Perhaps I w 75 work on one when I get older. You were k 76 to me while I was there. I enjoyed every minute, e 77 the trip to the mountains. The rainbow was the most wonderful. I have ever s 78 in my life. Mum thinks the dress you b 79 for me is really nice. She wishes she had one too! I will never f 80 my lovely holiday with you. Mum and Dad send their best wishes. Lots of love Susan 题材:应用文 话题(6) 家人和亲友 话题(15) 周末活动 话题(61) 写信 词数:161 【主旨大意】这是一份书信,在信中苏珊回忆在农场的愉快回忆,并捎上自己父母对叔叔阿姨的感谢。 【答案】71. Date 72. body 73. tired 74. inviting 75. will 76. kind 77. especially 78. seen 79. bought 80. forget 【解析】 71. Date句意:2019年6月5日。这是书信格式,标注了日期。 72. body句意:在主体部分,比如说“谢谢”,并说明原因。 73. tired句意:我在火车上很累,睡着了,几乎错过了我的车站! 74. inviting句意:非常感谢你邀请我来住。介词for后接动名词 inviting。 75. will句意:也许我将会在我长大后在农场上班。 76. kind句意:我在那儿的时候你对我很好。be kind to sb. 表示“对某人好”。 77. especially句意:我喜欢每一分钟,尤其是去山上旅行。 78. seen句意:我这辈子从没见过。横线前面有助动词have,所以横线上需要用动词的过去分词,即seen。 79. bought句意:妈妈觉得你给我买的衣服很漂亮。 80. forget句意:我永远不会忘记我和你度过的美好假期。 六、(2019江苏扬州)缺词填空(共 10 空;每空 1 分,计 10 分)(每空一词) 根据短文内容和首字母提示,在下文空格处填入适当的词使短文完整,在答题卡标有题号的横线上,完整地写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每空一词) We confirmed that Jim was locked in the hut. We spent two nights d___66____ a hole under the hut. We came up under Jim’s bed. He was very surprised to see us. We p___67____ Jim to free him when we were ready. Then we climbed t___68____ the hole back to our bedroom and talked about a plan. Tom wanted to make an adventure. He wrote a letter to Uncle Silas telling him somebody was planning to steal Jim. I put the letter under the front door. We waited for the c___69____ to free Jim. The next night, some men were in Uncle Silas’s sitting room--all with guns! We jumped out of the bedroom window and climbed into the hut. “Come on, Jim!” Tom whispered. “Huck, you go first. Then you, Jim. I’ll go l___70____ .” We heard somebody shouting, “The thieves have s___71____ Jim!” We quickly climbed out and ran towards the fence. We kept running like our f___72____ were on fire. We made it to the fence. I jumped over the fence and Jim followed me. Tom was right behind us.U___73____ , he caught his trousers on a nail. He pulled t___74____ free but the men heard the noise. They started shooting. We ran to the river and jumped into the canoe. We lay down, out of breath. “Jim! You’re a free man!” I said. We were all happy and Tom was the h___75___ . “It was a great adventure,” Tom said. “And look! I got a bullet in my leg!” It was true. His leg was bleeding badly but he considered it as part of the adventure. ----Taken from The Adventure of Huckleberry Finn 题材:故事 话题:(82) 故事 词数:266 【主旨大意】短文节选自马克·吐温的作品《哈克贝利·弗恩历险记》。短文描述了作者和汤姆一起营救黑奴吉姆的场景。尽管汤姆腿上中枪,但他认为这是冒险的一个插曲。 答案:66. digging 67. promised 68. through 69. chance 70. last 71. stolen 72. feet 73. Unluckily 74. them 75. happiest 解析: 66. digging考查非谓语。句意:我们花了两个晚上在小屋下面挖了个洞。根据后面是hole,应该是挖洞,spend 后面的动词要用-ing 67. promised 考查动词。句意:我们要求吉姆在我们准备好时把他放出来。此空缺动词,我们看到了Jim,我们是允诺他会把他解救出来的。promise “允诺”,根据后句中were可知,要用一般过去时,故答案为promised。 68. through考查介词。句意:穿过洞返回到我们的房间,穿过立体空间应该是through。 69. chance 考查名词。我们等着有机会去救他。名词chance“时机”。 70. last考查副词。根据前句“Huck, you go first. Then you, Jim.”可知,前面是让Huck和Jim先走的,所以Tom是最后走的。last意为“最后”。 71. stolen考查动词及时态。句意:我们听到有人在叫“有小偷偷走了Jim”。动词steal“偷,偷盗”,又助动词have后接动词过去分词,故答案为stolen。 72. feet考查名词单复数。句意:我们跑得很快像是脚上着了火似的。单词foot的复数形式为feet。 73. Unluckily考查副词。此空填副词,根据后面说是他的裤子有钉子绊住了,所以是不幸。单词unluckily“不幸地”。 74. them考查代词。根据前文“他的裤子被钉子钩住了”可知,因为裤子被缠住了,所以他们去拉裤子才能逃走。故此处可以填them,指的是“裤子”。 75. happiest考查形容词比较级。根据前句We were all happy “我都高兴”可知,此处Jim应该是最高兴的。根据首字母前面有the,应该用happy的最高级。 (2019内蒙古呼和浩特) V. 阅读理解填词:(共10个空;每空1分,满分10分)71 —80空 Smartphones and e-readers have become more common in recent years. Some people think that the days of paper books will be gone. But recent surveys have shown that traditional books are still popular a 71 readers. Research company Nielsen found that in the UK, sales of e-books are f 72 while sales of paper books are rising. More surprisingly, it’s young people who are buying the most physical books. Another survey of university students from the United States, Slovakia (斯洛伐克)and Japan also showed that 92 percent of t 73 preferred paper books. So what is b 74 paper book comeback (回归)? The most popular reason given was: “I like to hold the product. ” It’s true that paper books bring a very different reading experience. Slovakian students said that they liked the smell of paper books. Other students said that they could get a s 75 of accomplishment(成就)when they finished reading a paper book. Paper books can also be very personal objects to lovers of reading. Many people like to sign their name on the i 76 cover. If the cover gets bent(弯曲)or there is a stain (污点) made on the pages from coffee, all the better. The a 77 make the book even more personal. It’s as if readers of paper books make friends with them. This “friendship” people d 78 with books isn’t just sentimental (情感的). Research has shown that readers remember more information reading from paper books t 79 e-books. People also more e 80 end up with headaches or sore eyes while reading e-books. So why not pick up a book and start reading? 71. a______ 72. f_______ 73. t_______ 74. b______ 75. s_________ 76. i______ 77. a_______ 78. d_______ 79. t_______ 80. e_________ 话题:爱好 体裁:议论文 词数:295 【答案】71. among 72. falling 73.them 74. behind 75. sense 76. inside 77. accidents 78. develop 79. than 80. easily 【解析】 71. among 句意:但是最近的研究已经表明传统的书在读者中间仍然受欢迎。among介词,意为“在……之间”。 72. falling 句意:调查公司尼尔森发现在英国电子书的销售正在下降而纸质书的销售正在上升。while表示“然而”,由此可推知横线处填rise的反义词fall,而且因前面有are,故句子为现在进行时态。 73. them 句意:另一项来自美国、斯洛伐克和日本的大学生的研究也表明他们中92%的人更喜欢纸质书。横线处所填词代指“大学生”,of是介词,后面接they的宾格形式them。 74. behind 句意:什么是纸质书回归的背后(原因)?根据文中第四、五、六段介绍的都是纸质书回归的原因,故填介词behind。 75. sense 句意:其他的学生说当他们读完一本纸质书的时候能得到一种成就感。根据短语a sense of…(一种……的感觉)可知答案。 76. inside 句意:许多人喜欢在(书的)封里(封面的反面)上签名。inside cover封面的反面。 77. accidents 句意:意外使得书更有个性。上句提到的“封皮弯曲”和“咖啡撒书上有污点”都是意外。 78. develop 句意:人们在书中发展的友谊不仅仅是情感上的。短语develop with意为“在……中发展”。 79. than 句意:研究也表明读者阅读纸质书比阅读电子书能记得更多的信息。根据前面的more,可知横线处填介词than。 80. easily 句意:人们也更容易地消除阅读电子书所带来的头痛或眼痛等症状。横线处所填词修饰动词短语end up with(结束于),故使用easy的副词形式。 六、(2019?湖北武汉)阅读理解填词(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处写出各单词的正确形式,单词的第一个字母已给出。 (2019?湖北武汉) It was at an exhibition of the artists' works organized by the Red Cross. I was invited as a special g 76. to attend the exhibition. During this period, two cute girls of 16 or 17 years old came to me and asked me for my signature(签名). "I haven’t brought my pen. Is the p 77 okay?" Actually, I knew they wouldn't r 78. I Just wanted to show a well-known writer’s good manners to the c 79 readers. "Certainly,” the young girls readily a 80 I could see they were very excited. Of course, their excitement also made me feel more pleased and satisfied. One of the girls h 81 her fine notebook to me. I turned over the cover of the notebook, wrote a few words of encouragement n 82,and signed my name. The girl read my signature, frowned (皱眉), looked at me carefully and asked, “Aren't you Robert Charboss?” "No, " I told her proudly, "I'm the author of Alice Adams, the w 83 of two Pulitzer Prizes.” The young girl turned to the o 84, shrugged (耸肩)and said, "Mary, lend your rubber to me." At that moment, all my p 85 turned into a bubble (泡泡) immediately. Since then, I always warn myself: no matter how outstanding you are, don' t think highly of yourself. 体裁: 记叙文 话题:2. 周围的人 话题:7. 情绪与情感 话题:8. 人际与交往 话题:23. 著名的人 词数:231 【主旨大意】本文是记述文。作者被邀请作为一个特殊的客人参加活动,内心有点骄傲,因为作者是两次普利策奖的获得者。但是找他签名的小女孩却说认错人了,所以作者自省,每个人要认清自己的位置。 【答案】76.guest 77.pencil 78.refuse 79.common 80.agreed 81.handed 82.naturally 83.winner 84.other 85.pride 【解析】 76. guest 考察名词。根据前文“was invited”可知作者被邀请成为特殊的客人。故填guest。 77. pencil 考察名词。根据句意,我没有带我的钢笔,铅笔可以吗?故填pencil。 78. refuse 考察动词。根据句意,事实上我知道他们不会拒绝。故填refuse。 79. common 考察形容词。根据句意我想展示一个著名的作家的好的礼仪给普通的读者。故填common。 80. agreed 考察动词。 根据前文“Certainly”可知小女孩们一定会同意,又因为是一般过去时所以变成过去式。故填agreed。 81. handed 考察动词。根据句意小女孩中的一个递给我她漂亮的本子。又因为一般过去时,故填handed。 82. naturally考察副词。表达作者很熟练自然的写下一些鼓励的话。因为是修饰wrote所以用副词。故填naturally。 83. winner考察名词根据句意我是两个普利策奖的第获得者,故填winner。 84. other 考察代词。根据句意,女孩转向另一个女孩,所以用the other代替另一个女孩。故填other。 85. pride 考察名词。根据句意所有骄傲都成了泡泡。故填pride。 阅读短文,根据短文内容和首字母提示写出文中所缺单词。请将单词填写在答题卡上的相应位置。 Have you ever heard of the train No. 6063? It links (连接) thirty-eight s 80 along the way from Baoji of Shanxi to Guangyuan of Sichuan. It passes by twenty-four schools, so there are always many students taking the train. The students live in mountainous areas. And they need to take the train b 81__ schools and homes every week. It always takes a long time for them to go to school and go home on the train. In order to help them, the head of the train Xiang Fei decided to do something for the children. He and other workers s 82 several hours turning one of the carriages into a special student carriage. There are big desks and a library. Many kind-hearted people gave away o 83 300 new books to this library. Students can read all kinds of books, do their homework and talk with students from other schools on the train. 体裁 记叙文 话题 25.慈善,志愿服务(58) 交通 词数 158 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文中主要讲述了在连接宝鸡和广元的6063次“秦岭小慢车”列车上,列车长带领同事帮助将列车的一节车厢改造成有书桌和图书馆的特殊车厢,方便学生做作业和交流。 【答案】80. stations 81. between 82. spent 83. over 【解析】 80. stations 句意:它连接了从山西宝鸡到四川广元沿途的38个火车站。根据首字母及汉语提示知填station,是复数,所以加s。 81. between 句意:他们需要每周乘火车从家到学校。between and意为“在……之间,固定搭配。故填between。 82. spent 句意:他和其他工人花了几个小时把其中一个车厢变为学生专用车厢。spend some time doing sth. 表示“花时间做某事”,是固定结构,根据上文可知此处应用一般过去时。故填spent。 83. over 句意:许多好心人捐赠了超过300 本新书给这个图书馆。此处应用over表示“超过”。故填over。 六、综合填空(共10空,计10分) 阅读短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在空白处填入一个适当的单词。 (2019·山东东营) Marty was growing up. All he wanted was to do things in his way. Why did all the wolves have to do (71) e_________ together? They ate together, played together, slept together, and hunted (猎食) together. Everywhere, every day. It was tiring. Marty thought he could do things (72) h________ now, such as hunting a rabbit, hanging out, sleeping without the pack and so on. But his mom wouldn’t let him try those (73) i_________ on his own. She always said to him, “Packs (群体) help us live.” One day, the pack was walking through a forest. Marty thought, “I’m going to go down that path (小路) and I’ll have plenty to eat! I don’t need you, guys!” He ran off without telling anyone. He ran for miles. He started to get (74) t________, and it was getting dark. Usually, the pack would all find a place together to sleep, but Marty had no pack now. He found a small cave to sleep in. He thought, “Sleeping would be much easier with my pack by my side. If something dangerous comes, they will (75) p________ me.” He could hardly sleep that night. The next morning, he decided to go (76) b_______ to the place where he’d last been together with his pack. On the way to find his pack, he smelled a deer. “Hmmmm…” Marty thought, “The pack would be happy if I brought a deer for them all.” (77) S_________ he decided to hunt on his own. He followed the deer into an open space. Marty looked around. Where was the deer? Suddenly, something charged (猛冲) out of the trees at him! It was the deer, and those antlers (鹿角) were sharp!!! Marty ran from it as (78) f________ as he could. After a while, the deer (79) s _________ running after him. Marty rested. Now, he felt hungry and lonely. He realized his mom was (80) r________, packs did help them live. He hoped he could find his pack and work hard to help them as much as they help him. 体裁 记叙文 话题 14.安全与救护之自我保护; 20. 自然之动物与植物; 8.人际交往之社会行为 词数 380 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了幼狼马蒂不听从母狼的规劝,脱离了狼群。在独自觅食的过程中,遇到了各种困难,他意识到自己的错误,认识到集体的力量。 71. everything【解析】考查代词。句意:为什么每件事都得所有的狼一起做呢?下文中的“ate together, played together, slept together, and hunted together. Everywhere, every day.”描述了狼群所做的一切。everything意为“每件事;一切”。 72. himself【解析】考查代词。联系下句句意:但是他的目前不让他独自……。可推断此处句意为:马蒂认为他现在可以独自做事情了,诸如:比如猎兔子,出去玩,离开群体睡觉等等。himself,意为“他自己”。 73. ideas【解析】考查名词。those此处作形容词,修饰可数名词的复数。上文描述了马蒂的想法。句意:但是他的妈妈不让他独自尝试那些想法。idea可数名词,意为“主意;想法”。 74. tired / thirsty【解析】考查形容词。空格处所填单词作get的表语,应为形容词。句意:他开始变得很累/渴,并且天黑了。根据上文中的He ran for miles. (他跑了好几英里。)可推断马蒂感觉疲倦(tired)或“口渴”(thirsty)。 75. protect【解析】考查动词。will助动词,其后接动词原形。联系前句句意:如果我的种群在旁边,睡觉将会更容易。可推断此处句意为:如果有危险来临的时候,他们将会保护我。protect意为“保护”。 76. back【解析】考查副词。根据句意为:如果有危险来临的时候,他们将会保护我。可推断此处句意为: 第二天上午他决定回到他最后和群体待在一起的地方。go back意为“回去”。 77. So【解析】考查连词。空格处所填单词为连词或副词。联系前句句意:如果我给大家带来一只鹿,狼群会很高兴的。可推断此处句意:因此他决定独自捕猎食物。so作连词,意为“因此”。 78. fast【解析】考查副词。as+形容词/副词的原级+as sb. could意为“尽可能地”,空格处所 填单词修饰实义动词run,应为副词。联系前两句句意:突然,有什么东西从树上冲了出来! 是鹿, 鹿角是锋利的! ! ! 可推断马蒂因为害怕尽快地逃走了。句意:马蒂尽快地跑,想躲开 那只鹿的追赶。as fast as he could意为“尽可能快地”。 79. stopped【解析】考查动词的时态。空格处所填单词在句中作谓语,且应使用一般过去时。句意:过了一会儿,那只鹿停止追赶他。stop doing sth.意为“停止做某事”。故填stopped。 80. right【解析】考查形容词。空格处所填单词在句中作表语,应为形容词。句意:他意识到他妈妈的话是正确的:群体确实能够帮助它们生存。right作形容词,意为“正确的”。 (2019内蒙古包头)第二节 (共15小题,每小题1分;共15分) 阅读下面短文,根据首字母、音标以及语境的提示在每个空白内填入适当的单词(1个单词);或根据汉语意思的提示,在空白处填入适当的短语,使短文语意连贯,意思完整。 (2019内蒙古包头) Once upon a time, a group of men came to a rainforest. They would 76 (参加) a race there. One night, when they sat down for food, _ 77 dog appeared. Slowly, it came 78 (靠近, 接近) them. It looked hungry, so they gave it some meat. As a r 79 , the dog followed them everywhere. The men 80 (加快速度) many times to prevent the dog _ 81 following them. But each time it 82 ( 赶上) them. They went 83 with their race, which included hiking, c 84 mountain, and running. It lasted for several days. One day, they went boating to a destination. They thought the dog might 85 (放弃). Surprisingly, the dog jumped into the river and swam towards their boat. They were so m __86__ by the dog that tears came to their eyes and they let the dog into the boat. When the race was over, they were all t__87___, and wanted to have a rest. Just then they found the dog was covered with wounds. ___88___ save the dog, they decided to take it to the hospital. After it r___89____ the treatment, it got better soon. Now the men regarded it as one of their family _______['memb?z]. 题材:记叙文 话题:24.故事与诗歌(Stories and poems) (82) 故事 (Stories) 词数:222 【主旨大意】 本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述从前一群人去热带雨林参加一项比赛偶遇一条狗,狗的执着表现深深打动了他们,最后他们接纳了狗,成了他们大家庭中的一员。 【答案】76. take part in/ join in 77. a/ one 78. close to 79. result 80. speeded/ sped up 81. from 82. caught up with 83. on 84. climbing 85. give up 86. moved 87. tired 88. To 89. received 90. members 【解析】 76. take part in/ join in 根据文中汉语提示,需要填“参加”,take part in或join in都可用于参加某项比赛或活动。根据文章开头once upon a time和空格前的would推知,这是过去将来时态,故would后填take part in或join in短语原形。 77. a/ one 根据前文One night, when they sat down for food, 一天晚上,他们坐下来吃食物时,推知后句意为:一只狗出现了。故填a或one。 78. close to 表达“靠近;接近”之意用close to。 79. result 由前句他们给它肉吃,推知后句:因此它到处跟着他们。as a result意为“因此” 。 80. speeded/ sped up 表达“加快速度”可用speed up,根据文章大意推知,应使用一般过去时,故填speeded/sped up。 81. from 句意:这些人加快速度,以阻止狗跟着他们。prevent ... from意为“阻止……去做……”。 82. caught up with 表达“赶上”之意用catch up with,文章讲述过去的事情,用一般过去时态。故填caught up with。 83. on 根据后文It lasted for several days.,推知此处意为:他们继续比赛。go on with意为“继续干”。 84. climbing 根据前面的hiking和后面的running推知,此处是一项活动,“爬山”,根据句子结构分析,climb作included的宾语,动词用动名词形式。 85. give up 句意为:他们认为这条狗可能会放弃。此句是主动语态,情态动词might之后跟“放弃give up” 的原形。 86. moved 由上句Surprisingly, the dog jumped into the river and swam towards their boat.意外的是,这条狗跳进河里,向他们的船游去。推知后文意为:他们被狗感动了。故填moved。 87. tired 由后文and wanted to have a rest.推知前文意为:他们都很累。故填tired。 88. To 由句子结构分析they decided to take it to the hospital. 和前面的save the dog具有目的关系。故填To。 89. received 由后面的it got better soon.它很快好转,推知前文意为:在它接受治疗后。故填received。 90. members 由句意和所给音标提示填写member的复数形式members。 (2019黑龙江大庆)(A) Fill in each blank with a proper word with the help of the first letter. A lot of people are crazy doing shopping through the Internet now. Why is it so p 61 ? There are some r 62 . First, more and more people have their own computers and their computers can be joined with the Internet. So it is possible f 63 many of them to do shopping through the Internet. S 64 , shopping through the Internet can save them some m 65 and a lot of time. Third, they don’t need to go to the shop themselves. Because of these good facts, few people refuse it. 体裁 说明文 话题 购物 词数 95 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了网购流行的三个原因。 61. popular 由前句A lot of people are crazy doing shopping through the Internet now.可知,网购现在越来越受欢迎。由前面的is so及首字母可知,此处应填形容词。再根据第一句话“人们迷恋于网上购物”可知填形容词popular(受欢迎的)。 62. reasons 由前句Why is it so p 61 ?可知,此处指的是网购受欢迎的原因。由系动词are及首字母可知应填复数名词reasons(原因)。 63. for 本句是“it is + 形容词 + for sb. to do sth.”结构,故填介词for。 64. Second 由第四句中的First及后句中的Third可知,此处指的是第二个原因,由首字母S可知应填序数词Second(第二)。 65. money 由句意及常识可知,网购因为方便、价格便宜而备受欢迎,故此处指的是“网购省钱”。由形容词some及首字母可知应填不可数名词money(钱)。 阅读短文,根据首字母或所给词的适当形式填空,使文章语义通顺。(每小题1分,共10分) Do you think childhood is the most beautiful time in your life? Maybe not. Nowadays, Chinese children are sometimes busier on weekends than weekdays. Some students are leaning exam skills, (61) o_______ are taking up hobbies to develop themselves. The Lins are a typical Chinese family. Life for Mrs. Lins’ two children is very busy. “On most days after school,” She says, “I take my son to basketball (62)______ (train) and my daughter to dancing and piano lessons. Maybe I could cut out a few of their activities, but I believe these activities are important for my children’s (63)f________. I really want them to have dinner(64)________(quick) and then it’s time for their homework. Han Yue, a mother of three, knows all about such stress. “In some families, competition starts very young and it will (65)c_______ until the kids get older,” she says. “Parents worry if they don't send their small kids to all (66) k_______ of classes. their children will fail at the first beginning. And they are always comparing them (67) w_______ other children. It’s crazy. I don’t think fair. Why don’t they just let their kids be kids? People shouldn’t push their kids so hard.” Doctors say too much stress is not good for children's (68)_______(develop). Dr. Luo says all these activities can cause a lot of stress for children. “Kids should have time (69) _______ (relax) and think for themselves, too. Although it’s normal to want (70) _______ (success) children, it’s even more important to have happy children. 题材:议论文 话题:15周末活动 词数:267 【主旨大意】本文是一篇议论文。针对家长们送孩子参加各种课外辅导,以免输在起跑线上的议论。文章也交代了林家人和韩悦,一个三个孩子的母亲对于这一现象的看法和做法。 【答案】61.others 62. training 63. future 64. quickly 65. continue 66. kinds 67. with 68. development 69.to relax 70. successful 【解析】 61.others 对应前面的some可知用others与其呼应。搭配用法some...others...一些……其他的……。句意:一些学生学习考试技巧,其他的(学生)培养爱好去提升他们自己。 62. training 此处用名词,篮球训练basketball training. 63. future 句意:但是我相信这些活动对我的孩子的未来是重要的。 64. quickly 此处用副词quickly修饰动词have. 意为“快速地吃饭”。 65. continue 句意:在一些家庭,竞争开始于年轻时,而且它将继续到孩子长大。 66. kinds 句意:双亲们担心如果他们不把他们的孩子送去参加各种课程学习,他们的孩 子将会输在起跑线上。 all kinds of classes各种课程。 67. with 固定搭配compare ... with ... “把……与……相比较”。 68. development 前面是名词所有格,后面用名词development。 69.to relax 本题中,have time to do意为“有时间做某事”。 70. successful 后面是名词children,可知用形容词successful。 四、词汇(本题共15 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分) . (2019江苏南通)六、短文填空(本题共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据各题所给首字母的提示,写出一个合适的英语单词完整正确的形式,使短文通顺。 Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. A short video about seven people wearing prosthetic devices (人造装置) who (66) t_______ on a desert race challenge has become popular. The seven disabled people (67)j______ in the 108-kiloineter desert race from May 11 to 14 in Dunhuang, Northwest China's Gansu Province. Six of the seven had one leg amputated(截肢), and (68)o____ had two legs amputated. Cheng Baojun, a man from Luohe, Central China’s Henan Province, the double amputee, said he never (69)i___ he could take part in the desert race. “It is great. I can do it, and you can also.” "It is easy to say but walking it is (70)h___ “Cheng said. On the first day, they finished a complete section of 27 kilometers of the 20 kilometers. “My legs were painful while I was walking. We also met with a very big sandstorm on the way. But (71)s___ it was a challenge, we could not give up. We all encouraged each other to continue.” he said. After getting (72)t____, they rested on the third day and walked on the fourth. Lao Tongyi walked the longest of the group, a distance of more than 70 kilometers. Team leader Sun Naicheng said that they had to (73)p____ through depopulated(人烟稀少的) areas of the Gobi Desert. He also added that team members challenged themselves and realized their (74) d__. They are good (75) e___ for everyone to learn from. It’s up to you how far you go. If you don’t try, you will never know. 体裁 应用文 话题 17. 旅游与交通 词数 254 【主旨大意】这是一篇新闻报道。主要介绍几位残疾人参加穿越沙漠挑战赛的故事。 66. took 句意:一个关于七个带着人造装置残疾人接受沙漠挑战赛的短视频走红了。take on接受。 67. joined 句意:这七个残疾人从五月十一日到十四日有中国西北部的甘肃敦煌参加了108公里有沙漠比赛。join in参加。 68. one 句意:七个人中有六个是一条腿截肢的,一个是双腿截肢的。 69. imagined 句意:他从没有想过他能参加这次沙漠比赛。 70. hard 句意:说起来容易走起来难。 71. since 句意:既然这是一次挑战,我们就不能放弃。 72. tired 句意:累了之后,他们在第三天休息,第四天继续走。 73. pass 句意:队长Sun Naicheng说他们不得不穿越人烟稀少的戈壁滩。 74. dreams 句意:他还补充说,他的队员挑战了自己,实现了他们的梦想。 75. example 句意:他们是大家学习的榜样。 五、(2019·江苏镇江)短文填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 根据短文内容及所给首字母提示写出所缺单词,使短文意思完整,每空一词。 As I entered an international high school, all my friends felt surprised at my short hair. This is because, my old school thinks teenage y___46____ aren’t the time for looking pretty. Then I coloured my hair blue. For the first time, I felt free and beautiful. This international school s__47___ to meet my needs. I had a t____48___ education background. I went to public schools, received normal(常规的) education and was required to follow r____49___ like every other student. Later, I began to wonder w____50___ this education was truly suitable for me. However, in the new school my high hopes were not met. For a while, I found myself in a surprising situation as I faced before. It was s____51____ the biggest challenge I faced in my education— the freedom to try new things. In the old system, I was strongly advised a ___52___ trying new things. But in my new school, it worked the opposite way— we had many chances to try new things. But if I f___53____, I must be responsible(负责任的) because I put myself in such risk. Finally, it led me to get into trouble again. As time went by, I started to find my o___54____ balance. In fact, none of the education systems in the world are perfect. I am l___55____ enough to have a chance to bring great value from both systems together. As a result, I’ve built a system for myself. 【答案】46.youths years 47.seem 48.traditional 49.rules 50.whether 51.simply 52.against 53.failed 54.own 55.lucky 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,文章讲述了国际中学与作者以前的老学校在很多方面的不同点以及作者如何在两者之间找到自己的平衡的。 46.years 下文的名词time“时候”提示用teenage修饰years“岁月”,表示“青少年时光”。句意:我的老学校认为青少年时光不是爱漂亮的时候。 46.youths 根据“my old school thinks teenage y___46___ aren’t the time for looking pretty(我的老学校认为青少年不是爱漂亮的时候)”可知此题考查名词。youth名词,意为“青年”。根据句中“aren’t”可知此题考查youth的复数形式youths。 47.seem 根据上下文可知这所国际学校似乎能满足我的需求。seem to do sth.意为“似乎做某事”。 48.traditional 根据下文“I went to public schools, received normal education...(我上过公立学校,接受过正规教育……) 可知作者有传统教育的背景。traditional形容词,意为“传统的”。 49.rules 根据上文可知在公立学校,接受过正规教育并且被要求像其他学生一样遵守规则。此题考查rule名词,意为“规则”。 50.whether 句意:后来,我开始怀疑这种教育是否真的适合我。根据句中wonder动词,意为“想知道”,可知此题考查其后接whether引导的宾语从句。 51. simply 根据上下文猜测句意“这简直是我在教育中所面临的最大挑战——尝试新事物的自由”。此题考查simply副词,意为“简直,简单地,仅仅”。 52.against 根据上文猜测“In the old system, I was strongly advised a ___52___ trying new things”意为“在旧制度下,我被强烈建议不要尝试新事物”。此题考查动词短语:advise sb. not to do sth.意为“建议某人不要做某事”,相当于advise sb. against doing sth. 53.failed 根据下文“I must be responsible(负责任的) because I put myself in such risk(我必须负责,因为我把自己置于这样的危险之中)”可知此题考查if引导的条件状语从句。故从句意为“如果我失败了”。文章的基础时态为一般过去时。Fail动词,意为“失败”,过去式为failed. 54. own 根据上文可知:随着时间的推移,作者开始找到他自己的平衡。Own形容词,意为“自己的”。 55.lucky 根据下文“have a chance to(有机会做……)”可知作者足够的幸运。Lucky形容词,意为“幸运的”,lucky enough意为“足够的幸运”。 D 71 Greeting In the main b 72 , say "thank you " and tell the reasons. Closing and your name.

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  • ID:4-6194865 2019年中考英语分类汇编 选词填空专题 含解析

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    选词填空专题 (二)综合填空(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分) (2019·山东泰安) 根据短文内容,用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使文章通顺完整。(每词限用一次) he, kill, scared, silly, lie, courage, hear, against, fight, strong One sunny afternoon, a young deer and an old deer were (61)_______ under a tree in the forest. Suddenly, in the distance, they (62)_______ some sounds of dogs’ barking The old deer stood up quickly. He felt nervous and (63)_______. He said to the young deer, “Be quick! It’s time to find a place to hide in. The barking dogs are fierce (凶猛的) and they will (64)_______ us.” The young deer laughed and said, “Why should we hide from the dogs? We are bigger and (65)_______ than them. We can toss (扔) aside with our big antlers (角). We should fight with them bravely.” The old deer admired the (66)_______ of the young deer, but he did not believe the young deer. “We’d better run away now,” said the old deer. The young deer refused to run away. He decided to fight (67)_______ the dogs. As the dogs ran to (68)_______, he put down his antlers and wanted to toss them aside. But he didn’t win the (69)_______ because there were too many dogs. He was killed by the dogs in the end. The young deer lost his life because he didn’t know his strength and weakness. We can learn a lesson form the story. Don’t be like the (70)_______ young deer when we are in danger. We should know our strength and weakness.? 题材:记叙文 话题:寓言故事 词数:232 【主旨大意】本文是一则记叙文,讲述的是一只年幼的鹿和一只年老的鹿在遇到一群狗时采取不同应对方式的故事。年老的鹿跑掉了,年幼的鹿拒绝逃跑,想用鹿角把狗甩在一边,但是在和狗搏斗的时候被杀死了。我们可以从这个故事中吸取一个教训:当我们面临危险的时候,不要像那只愚蠢的年幼的鹿一样。我们该知道自己的优势和弱点。 【答案及解析】 61. lying 根据第二段第一句“The old deer stood up quickly.”可知,一开始两只鹿正躺在树下。空前有were,可知句子是过去进行时:were+doing,故空处用lie的现在分词lying。 62. heard 根据后面的sound可知句意为“他们听到了狗叫的声音”,时态为一般过去时,故填hear的过去式heard。 63. scared and连接两个并列成分,and前是nervous,后面应该是和nervous意义相近的词,故填scared。 64. kill 此处年老的鹿劝年幼的鹿一起躲开,“那些正在叫的狗很凶残,他们会杀了我们的。”故填kill。 65. stronger and前用了bigger,后面的词应该和bigger意义相符,故填stronger。 66. courage 上文年幼的鹿不愿意躲藏起来,认为应该勇敢地和狗战斗,年老的鹿钦佩年幼的鹿的勇气。故填courage。 67. against fight against是固定搭配,意为“与……战斗”。 68. him 句子的主语是he,对应的宾格是him。 69. fight 故事结局是年幼的鹿没有赢得这场战斗,fight在这里作名词,意为“战斗;斗争”。 70. silly 通过整个故事可以看出,年幼的鹿貌似很勇敢,实际上他不知道自己的优势和弱点,是莽夫之勇,是很傻的。故填silly。 (2019江西)B)请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后用方框中所给词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写到答题卡的相应位置。每个词限用一次。(每小题1分) this explain skill say information than again polite available smile How you speak on the telephone is very important. If you use good telephone 51 the caller will be happy. If not, they may not want to deal with (打交道) you or your company 52 . First, make sure you answer the call formally (正式地), giving your name and the name of your company. 53 will let the caller know that you are professional. You should also remember 54 as you speak, and use a friendly tone(语调). If you sound bored or too busy, the caller will think you are impolite. Your choice of words can make a big difference, too. For example, if you have not heard what a caller 55 , it is much more polite to say “I’m sorry. Could you say that again, please?” 56 to simply say “What?” Similarly, if a caller asks to speak to someone, don’t just say “yes” or “no”. If the person is 57 , say that you will put the caller through to them. If they are unavailable, 58 where they are, and then take a message. In either situation, you will also need to get some 59 about the caller, such as their name or company. Make sure you get all that you need and, most importantly, ask for it 60 . 体裁:说明文 话题:人际交往 词数:223 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文中主要说明如何有礼貌地打电话,你在电话上的讲话方式非常重要。 【答案】51. skills 52. again 53. This 54. to smile 55. said 56. than. 57. available 58. explain 59. information 60. politely 【解析】 51. skills 考查名词。句意:如果你使用良好的电话技巧,打电话的人会很高兴的。 52. again 考查副词。联系上下文“表达是不想再和你打电话。 53. This 考查代词。联系前一句“giving your name and the name of your company.。”可知,此处this指代“前面的内容”,用代词this。 54. to smile 考查不定式。remember to do sth.记住去做某事。 55. said 考查动词。联系前后句这里表达的是“说”。 56. than 考查连词。句意:“对不起。你能再说一遍吗?比简单地说 “什么?”更有礼貌。前后是比较。 57. available 考查形容词。通过后句If they are unavailable…知道此处填available。 58. explain考查动词。想解释一下他们在哪里,接着捎信。 59. information考查名词。句意:在这两种情况下,您还需要获得有关呼叫者的一些信息,例如他们的姓名或公司。 60. politely考查副词。ask for it politely有礼貌地寻求。修饰动词用副词。 四、综合填空(共20空,每空1.5分,计30分) (2019山东德州)A 阅读下面的短文。根据短文内容,从下面方框内所给11个词中选择10个意义相符的词,必要时进行词形变化,填入空白处,每空一词。 many,?two,?it,?zoo,?because,?what,?only,?China,?besides,?national,?history With its black-white coat, the animal is one of the most precious (珍贵的) animals in the world. It is native to China, proudly called the “(51) ______ treasure”. (52)_______ name is Panda. The name of “Panda” now refers to (指的是) the giant panda. In China, (53)_______ the Great Wall and the Terracotta Army, the giant panda also attracts the world-wide tourists. As the most famous animal of (54) ________, the giant panda appears in the logo (标志) of the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF). It also has (55) ______ chances than other animals to be the mascot (吉祥物) of international games held in China. And it shows up as an actor on the big screen, such as Kung Fu Panda. The giant panda is regarded as the symbol of peace. In Japanese (56) ______ records, the Tang Dynasty sent a couple of bears and seventy pieces of fur as national gifts to Japan, The “(57)_______ bears” were giant pandas. One female panda usually has (58) _______one baby, and it is not easy for wild pandas to have twins anyway. If you want to see them, you'd better go to Chengdu. Why? (59) _______ the main breeding (繁育) centers were built around this area. Certainly some city (60) _______ also have giant pandas, such as Beijing Zoo, Chongqing Zoo. etc. The giant pandas are so lovely creatures (生物). More and more people become fans of them. 体裁:说明文 话题:20.动物和植物 词数:256 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了国宝熊猫不仅是世界自然野生动物基金会的标志和很多国际比赛的吉祥物,在历史上也是和平的象征。文章最后介绍了大熊猫的繁育情况和成都大熊猫繁育中心。 【答案】51. national 52. Its 53. besides 54. China 55. more 56. history 57. two 58. only 59. Because 60. zoos 【解析】 51. national根据上文“It is native to China,…”故大熊猫被自豪地称之为“国宝”,故选national。 52. Its根据空后的name一词可知,前面应用形容词性物主代词,故用its。 53. besides此句句意为“在中国,除长城和兵马俑外,大熊猫也吸引着世界上的游客”,besides表示“除了(包含)……外”。 54. China此句句意为“作为中国最出名的动物”,of后需填China,表示所有格,相当于“Chinese”。 55. more根据此句中than一词可知要用比较级形式,many的比较级为more,意为“更多的”。 56. history结合下文中“the Tang Dynasty”可知是在日本历史上,故填history。 57. two结合上文中的“a couple of bears”可知是两只。 58. only结合空后的one可知,一只雌性大熊猫只生育一个幼崽,故填only。 59. Because结合上文中why一词可知此处应填because。 60. zoos根据生活常识,只有动物园里才有大熊猫,且空前有some一词,故zoo用复数形式。 (2019·山东济宁) 六、完型填空(共7小题,计7分) 阅读下面短文,从方框中选择适当的词语填空,方框中有两个词语为多余选项。 action, alone, care, other, praise, unexpected, when, for sure, for a while Most people think children only have some simple wishes, such as getting delicious snacks and having enough playtime. But one six-year-old girl named Peyton surprised everyone by making a(n) 1 decision. Peyton’s teacher Tara promised Peyton a reward in a class: choose to sit with whoever she wanted at lunch. Mrs. Tara thought 2 that she knew who Peyton would pick (挑选). However, Mrs. Tara was surprised by Peyton 3 she picked a little boy who never got picked by anyone for anything. The boy was very shy, and he was 4 all the time. Peyton’s decision really made his day. Since then, 5 children have started picking the boy as well. Now, he is a completely different child. Mrs. Tara says that Peyton’s 6 reminds her why she loves teaching. People on the Internet also 7 the little girl for her kindness. Peyton shows us that a simple act of kindness can change a person’s life. 体裁 记叙文 话题:7. 情感与情绪话题:24.(82)故事 词数 158 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述的是一个叫佩顿的六岁女孩帮助一个很害羞的男孩,使他变成了一个与之前完全不同的孩子。网上也有人认为佩顿很善良。佩顿的故事告诉我们,一个简单的善举可以改变一个人的生活。 ?答案:1. Unexpected 2. for sure 3. when 4. alone 5. other 6. action 7. praise? 1. Unexpected 【解析】但是一个叫佩顿的六岁女孩做了一个意想不到的决定,让每个人都大吃一惊。 2. for sure【解析】塔拉夫人肯定认为她知道佩顿会选择谁。 3. when 【解析】然而,当佩顿挑选了一个从未被任何人选过的小男孩时,塔拉夫人很吃惊。 4. alone 【解析】这个男孩很害羞,他总是一个人。 5. other 【解析】从那时起,其他的孩子也开始挑选这个男孩。 6. action 【解析】塔拉太太说,佩顿的行动提醒了她为什么她喜欢教书。 7. praise 【解析】网上的人也称赞这个小女孩的善良。 (2019山东临沂) 根据短文内容. 从方框中选出恰当的单词或短语填空,使语意通顺完整。第一个方框供41-45小题选用,第二个方框供46-50小题选用。每个选项只能使用一次,每框有一项剩余。 A. come true B. everything C. as soon as D. richest E. finger F. nothing Many years ago, there was a Greek king named Midas. King Midas loved gold very much. He had more gold than any other king in the world , but he still wanted more. One day, a beautiful fairy (仙子) came to his palace. "Midas, you are the 41 man in the world," said the fairy. "Yes," said the king, "but I want more gold because gold is the most wonderful thing in the world!" "Your wish will 42 , " said the fairy. "From tomorrow morning, you can turn everything you touch into gold." King Midas got up very early the next morning. He wanted to see if his wish had really come true. He touched his bed with his 43 and the bed was turned into gold. The king was wild with joy. He ran around his palace and touched everything he saw. Everything was turned into gold! The king felt hungry after running around for a long time. He decided to have his breakfast. However, 44 he touched a bowl of milk, the bowl, together with the milk in it, was turned into gold. What's more, the bread and the meat were also turned into gold when he touched them. In the end, the poor king ate 45 . A. wonderful B. terrible C. with D. daughter's E. right away F. rushed King Midas was sitting hungrily at the dinner table when his little daughter ran to him. He hugged her and the little girl became a gold statue (雕塑) 46 . The king felt afraid. "Fairy," he shouted, "take away this 47 gift! Give me back my little girl!" In a moment, the fairy was standing before him. "Do you still think that gold is the greatest thing in the world?" asked the fairy "No, no!" cried the king. "I have learned my lesson!" "Very well," said the fairy. "There is a spring(泉)in the garden. Sprinkle (洒) things that you have touched 48 the water from the spring." The king 49 to the spring. He ran back with a bottle of water and sprinkled the water on his 50 head. Soon, the little girl came to life. He then sprinkled his breakfast. To his great joy, it turned back to real bread and meat! http://www.manfen5.com/GZYY-SYS201501100602007089258025.html (?http:?/??/?www.manfen5.com?/?GZYY-SYS201501100602007089258025.html?) 答案:41.____________ 42. __________ 43. ___________ 44. _________ 45. ___________ 46. ___________ 47. __________ 48. ____________49. _________ 50. ___________ 体裁 记叙文 话题 (82) 故事 词数 368 【主旨大意】本文叙述了希腊一位贪婪的国王喜欢金子,要求仙女多给他金子,仙女决定惩罚他,让他的手指接触的任何东西或人都变成金子,这让国王后悔不已。故事告诉我们:做人不要太贪心,贪心不足蛇吞象,上帝给人带来的不仅仅是福祉。 41.D 根据上文He had more gold than any other king in the world可知,他是世界上最富有的人。修饰man用形容词,故选D。 42.A 句意:你的愿望会实现的。根据句意并结合主语your wish可知选A。 43.E根据with和his可知, 此处填名词,结合句意“他用手指摸了摸床,床就变成了金子。”可知选E。 44. C 分析句子结构可知此处填连词,结合上下文语义可知,然而,他一摸到一碗牛奶,碗里的牛奶就变成了金子。 45. F 结合上文…he touched a bowl of milk, the bowl, together with the milk in it, was turned into gold.可知,他什么也没有吃。 46.E 根据句式结构可知此处填时间状语,结合上下文可知,他拥抱了她,小女孩马上变成了一座雕塑。 47. B 依据空后的名词可知应填形容词,结合上文语境可知,这个礼物令人可怕,故选B。 48. C根据上下文语境并结合句子结构可知,此处要用介词,表示“用”应用介词with。 49. F根据上下文语境并结合句子结构可知,此处应填谓语动词,国王冲到泉水边。 50. D 根据上下文可知此处指“他女儿的头”。 (2019·山东威海)五、短文填空(10小题,计10分)请将答案编号涂卡。 根据短文内容,选择适当的单词短语填空,使短文意思完整,每个选项仅使用一次。 A. Although B. Noiselessly C. As a result D. Sometimes E. prefer to stay F. keep away from G. become silent, watchful and suspicious H. As soon as I. will never see J. However There are wild elephants in Malaysia, Thailand and several other countries but most people __48__ them. Elephants dislike the hot sun. They _ 49_ in the cool shelter of the jungle, coming out at night to feed on the vegetation on the fringe of the jungle. __50__ they are big animals, elephants can move silently when necessary. When there are no hunters (猎人) near them, elephants often make a lot of noise. They tear up young bamboo shoots and eat noisily. But as soon as hunters appear, the elephants __ 51_ . A big bull elephant stretches out (伸展 ) his sensitive trunk and moves it round slowly, searching for the scent of his enemy. His large ears protrude from the side of his head and he listens for the slightest sound. 52_ he detects (察觉) any danger, the bull taps on the ground with his trunk. Tonk! Tonk! This is the danger signal (信号). _ 53_ the elephants disappear into the protection of the jungle. __54_ an elephant will attack ( 攻击) human beings, particularly if it is defending (保护) its young or it has been wounded. An angry elephant can trample an enemy to death or pick him up with his trunk and smash his hated enemy on the ground. Sometimes hungry elephants damage (毁坏)crops but usually they __55 human beings. In recent years, poachers have killed huge numbers of elephants in Africa to get their ivory tusks. _56_, many countries have banned (禁止) trade in objects made of ivory. __ 57_, elephants are still in danger of disappearing completely from many countries where they have lived peacefully for thousands of years. 题材:说明文 话题:20. 自然 动物和植物 词数:297 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了大象的生活习性和性情特点。 【答案】48-52 IEAG H 53-57 BDFCJ 【解析】 48. I 该句中but起到很强的提示作用,but前句提示“在马来西亚、泰国德国其他国家有很多大象,”but之后推知,多数人见不到它们。故选I。 49. E Elephants dislike the hot sun.意为“大象不喜欢炎热的太阳”,推知下句,大象更喜欢待在丛林的阴凉处,故选E。 50. A they are big animals, elephants can move silently when necessary. 意为“它们是大动物,但是必要时它们能悄悄地行走”,此句句意推知前后有转折关系,故选A。 51. G But as soon as hunters appear, 意为“但是当猎人出现时,”该句推知后面句意大致为“大象会小心、警惕等含义”,故选G。, 52. H the bull taps on the ground with his trunk.句意为“雄象用象牙拍击对面”推知前句意为“一旦他觉察有危险”,故选H。 53. B Tonk! Tonk! This is the danger signal (信号).意为“咚、咚,这是危险信号”。推知下句意为“(察觉危险,大象会悄无声息地的消失在丛林的保护之中)”,故选B。 54. D particularly if it is defending (保护) its young or it has been wounded. 意为“尤其是它在保护幼崽或受伤时”,推知前半句句意为“有时大象会袭击人类。”故选D。 55. F Sometimes hungry elephants damage (毁坏)crops句意为“有时饥饿的大象毁坏庄稼”,句中but提示后面句意大致为“通常他们不伤害人类或不靠近人类”。故选F。 56. C In recent years, poachers have killed huge numbers of elephants in Africa to get their ivory tusks. 句意为“近年来,偷猎者为获取象牙而杀害了很多大象”, many countries have banned (禁止) trade in objects made of ivory.句意为“许多国家禁止由象牙做的物品的贸易”,前后具有因果关系,故此处选C。 57. J elephants are still in danger of disappearing completely from many countries where they have lived peacefully for thousands of years. 意为“大象在许多国家安宁地住了数千年,但依然有消失的危险”,推知此处选J。 (2019山东淄博)三、选词填空(共10小题,满分10分) 根据短文内容,选择适当的单词填空,使短文意思完整。毎个选项只用一次,有两项剩余。 (2019山东淄博)My Dear Azhaan, I want you to know that you remind me of myself in so many ways. You are like a better and improved version(版本)of me. I look at you and I see myself 27 your eyes. I wish I had that confidence(信心)and even some of your bossiness(霸气)at that age. Yet,I'm also troubled on seeing this confidence 28 disappearing, because you are 29 many different things. I want you to know that your confidence is one of the 30 things about you. All of us admire your confidence. However, you are 31 confident enough these days, because you are beginning to dislike your own body. You are not fat. I agree that you could be a little healthier. You could eat a little less junk food. However, I don't know when you’ll begin to enjoy fruits, but I believe that you will. I think one of the moments of 32 for me was when you were born, and the doctor said “Congratulations, you have another baby boy,” not because you were a boy but because you were healthy. You're too young to understand this 33 — no one realizes the importance of a normal life 34 it is away from them. What I 35 for you is happiness: the understanding that you are not perfect and that it is okay because none of us is! Stay confident and keep your head 36 ,my little boy—who is growing up too soon! Love, Ammi 体裁:应用文 话题:2 家人和亲友 话题:7 情感话题:18 写信 词数:267 【主旨大意】本文为应用文。文章是一封母亲写给儿子的信件,以母亲的口吻来赞扬儿子,建议儿子少吃垃圾食品,多吃水果来保持健康,并鼓励儿子要保持自信。 【答案】27. in 28. slowly 29. facing 30. best 31. not 32. happiness 33. now 34. until 35. want 36. high 27. in 考查介词搭配。由句意可知,此处意为“我看着你,我能在你眼中看到我。” in one’s eyes意为“在某人眼中”。 28. slowly【解析】结合上下文及句中的“troubled”可知此处意为“信心在...消失”。所填词应为副词修饰动词disappearing,结合方框所给词可知填slowly。 29. facing【解析】句意:我很困扰看到你的信心在慢慢消失,因为你...一些不同的东西。结合方框所给词及句意可知此处应填facing。 30. best【解析】句意:我想让你知道,你的信心是你...之一。由句意可知,所填词应为褒义形容词,又结合设空前的定冠词及方框所给词可知应填best。 31. not【解析】由转折连词however可知,上文“我们都羡慕你的信心”,下文应意为“然而,这段日子你不太自信。”,故填否定助动词not。 32. happiness【解析】由下文的描述可知,此处指“幸福/快乐时光”,且所填词需为名词形式,故结合方框所给词可知应填happiness。 33. now【解析】句意:你太年轻而无法理解这些...。因句子结构完整,故所填词需为副词作状语,结合方框所给词可知此处应填表示时间的副词now。 34. until【解析】分析句意及句子结构可知,此处为“not...until...”句式,意为“直到正常生活没有了,人们才意识到它的重要性”。 35. want【解析】分析句子结构可知,本句主语为“What I 35 for you”,从句作主语缺少谓语动词,结合方框所给词可知填want。 36. high 【解析】 由本句句首的“Stay confident”再结合方框所给词,可知此处应填high作宾补。keep your head high意为“让你的头高高昂起”。 (2019四川成都)三、短文填空 从下面方框中选出10个单词,将其正确形式填入短文,使短文意思正确通顺(每词限用一次)。(共10小题;每小题1分,计10分) Is it true that we British people have a different sense of humor from people in other countries? Let’s have a look at what we laugh at in 1 . To us British people, 2 and important people often cause laughter .It’s not just politicians(政客)who make us laugh , but anyone whose job to tell other people what to do and who takes 3 too seriously. We laugh at the power, but also, pitifully, at anyone who is treated 4 . We know they cannot win, but if they do win sometimes, it’s even 5 . Our clowns (小丑) are often silly people doing silly things, while in America, they are often clever people doing clever things- and 6 at last . The fact that we laugh when other people might feel 7 is one of the strangest things to learn about British humor .We do have a strong sense of irony (反讽). After some terrible experience we might say, “Not very 8 .”And we might say in the middle of a typhoon. “It’s a bit windy today.” Or “There is a tiny problem,” when something has gone 9 wrong. We don’t like to express strong feelings, but just “keep calm and carry on”. Another thing that can make it different 10 British humor is that we don’t always laugh or even smile when we say something funny. We often keep a straight face or use an unsmiling expression when we’re making a joke. Do you think the British sense of humor is special? 体裁:说明文 话题:8. 人际交往 话题:22 科普知识 词数:286 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了英国人“特别的”幽默感。 Britain 【解析】考查名词。由上文“British people”及下文“To us British people”可知,文章要谈论的是在英国人们为何发笑,故填Britain。 powerful【解析】考查形容词。所填空应与“important”表并列关系,且结合方框所给词及下文提及的“政客”可知,此处应填power的形容词形式,故填powerful。 themselves【解析】考查代词。由句意可知,所填空与主语anyone保持一致,故填其对应的反身代词themselves。treat sb. seriously意为“认真对待某人”。 badly【解析】考查副词。由上文的“pitifully”可知此处应填表示贬义色彩的副词修饰动词,结合所给词可知填badly。 funnier【解析】考查形容词比较级。even修饰形容词时,需修饰其比较级形式。又根据上下文及所给词可知此处填funnier。 winning【解析】考查动名词。本段作者将英美两国的截然相反的情况进行对比,由上文关于英国的描述“We know they cannot win”可知此处应填winning。 hopeless【解析】考查形容词。由下文“We do have a strong sense of irony (反讽)”可知此处应填表示贬义色彩的形容词,结合所给词可知填hope对应的形容词hopeless(意为“绝望的”)。 pleasant【解析】考查形容词。由上文中的“ terrible experience”可知此处应填含有褒义色彩的形容词,故填pleasure对应的形容词pleasant。 totally 【解析】考查副词。分析本段的描述可知,作者所描述情景具有一定的逻辑顺序,最开始“After some terrible experience”,接下来“And we might say in the middle of a typhoon.”,到最后“when something has gone 9 wrong.”,可知此时指的是结果,指这件事“彻底完蛋了”,结合所给词可知,应填totally(意为“彻底地”)。 to understand【解析】考查非谓语动词。通过分析我们可知,句中的“it”为形式宾语,正真的宾语为“ 10 British humor ”;英语中常用形式宾语it来替代后部分的不定式结构,结合所给词及句意可知此空应填to understand。 第二节 短文填空 阅读短文,根据短文内容在方框内选择适当的单词并用其正确形式填空,使短文通顺、完整(每空一词,每词只用一次)。 (2019?四川德阳) who forget always care you friend up secrets trust need As a saying goes, “A friend in need is a friend indeed.” Friendship is one of the best things in our life. A true friend is 76 by our side and gives us his or her help and comfort when we 77 them. It’s not easy for everyone to make a true friend in the daily life. Be 78 to choose a friend. We should choose someone 79 has a good character (性格). We also should avoid those people who aren’t honest. If you hope that 80 friendship can last for a long time, please choose a good friend at first. We all know that friendship is very precious (珍贵的). A true friend can always be 81 and respected. If you tell a friend your 82 , he or she won’t tell anyone else. Good 83 always help each other when they are in trouble and cheer each other 84 when they are sad. In a word, don’t 85 him or her when you have made a good friend! Let’s value our precious friendship. 【主旨大意】本文是一篇议论文,介绍了拥有一个好的朋友的重要性以及应该选择什么样的朋友。 76. always 分析句子结构,可知句中缺少频率副词,故填always。 77. need分析句子结构,可知从句中缺少谓语动词。句意为:当我们需要朋友时,一个真的朋友总是在你的左右,给予我们帮助和安慰。故填need。 78. careful句意为:选择朋友要小心。结合句意,故选care;分析句子结构,可知句中缺少形容词作表语。故填careful。 79. who 分析句子结构,可知本句为定语从句;先行词someone为某人,在从句中作主语,故填who。 80. your 句意:如果你希望你的友谊持续很长时间,亲首先选择一个好朋友。结合句意,故选you;名词friendship前面缺少形容词性物主代词,故填your。 81. trusted句意:一个好朋友能够总是被相信,被尊重。结合句意,故选trust;分析句子结构可知为被动语态,故填trusted。 82. secrets句意:如果你告诉一个朋友你的秘密,他或者她将不会告诉其他别人。结合句意,故选secrets。 83. friends句意:当好朋友陷入困境时,总彼此帮助;当他们悲伤时,使对方开心起来。结合句意,故选friend;根据句中的代词they,可知friend应变为复数形式friends。 84. up句意:当好朋友陷入困境时,总彼此帮助;当他们悲伤时,使对方开心起来。cheer up为固定短语,意为“使……开心起来”,故填up。 85. forget句意:总之当你交了一个好朋友,不要忘记他或者她!结合句意,故选forget。 (2019四川凉山州)第二节:短文填空(共10个空,每空1分,满分10分) 阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空,使短文通顺、意思完整,并将其答案写在答题卡上相应的位置。每词限用一次。 Lei Feng Spirit Carrying on “It is not hard to do one good deed, but it is hard to do good deeds all your life.” Chairman Mao 81 said. And he called on people to learn from him. Do you know who the man is? He is Lei Feng. Lei Feng was born in a poor family in a little mountain village of Hunan Province, on December 18th, 1940. He didn’t go to school 82 he was 10 years old. At the age of 18, he became a steel 83 He was often praised for his good job. On January 8th, 1960, he joined the army and several months later, he joined the Communist Party. He loved the Party and the people, and kept doing something good for others. When he got 84 , he always said, 44 It’s my duty and it’s just that some people need some help, there should be someone standing out 85 them a hand. ’’ He became a model soldier one year later. To our sadness, Lei Feng died in an accident in 1962. March 5th 86 a “Learn from Lei Feng Day” since 1963. When Lei Feng’s Diary came out, People began to know more about him than before. Now the term “Living Lei Feng” has become a name for anyone who is brave, anyone who has 87 love for his country, anyone who works hard, 88 anyone who is always ready to help others... Lei Feng’s spirit will live in 89 hearts. Lei Feng’s spirit will be remembered by the 90 nation forever. And we will surely practice his spirit in life as he did. 体裁:议论文 话题:81. 著名人物 词数:292 【主旨大意】本文主要介绍了雷锋的事迹,雷锋的精神,以及雷锋精神在新时代的传承与发扬。雷锋精神将永远活在人们心中。雷锋精神永存! 【答案】81. once 82. until 83. worker 84. thanks 85. to give 86. has been 87. deep 88. and 89. people’s 90. whole 【解析】 81. once 【解析】根据句意:做一件好事并不难,但一生做好事却很难。毛主席曾经说。所以由单词one联想到once,once不仅有“一次”的意思,还有“曾经”的意思,符合语境。故填once。 82. until 【解析】 根据句意:他知道10岁才去上学,结合关键词“didn’t”可知,此题考查的是not...until(直到....才....)这一固定结构。故填until。 83. worker 【解析】根据句意:18岁的时候,他成为了一名钢铁工人。结合关键词“a steel _____”可知横线上所需的是名词,work的名词需要加上后缀--er。故填worker。 84. thanks 【解析】根据句意:他热爱党和人民,不断为他人做好事。当他得到感谢的时候,他总是说,这是我的责任。thank是可数名词,应用其复数形式,故填thanks。 85. to give 【解析】 根据句意:他总是说,这是我的责任,只是有些人需要帮助,应该有人站出来去帮助他们。根据句意可知本题考查的是give sb. a hand(帮助某人)这一固定搭配。再结合语境和句子结构,需要用动词不定式去充当目的状语,故填to give。 86. has been 【解析】 根据句意:自从1963年开始,每年的3月5日为“向雷锋学习日”。句中的关键词since是现在完成时态的标志词,故填has been。 87. deep 【解析】根据句意:现在,“活雷锋”这个词已经成为任何勇敢的人的名字,任何热爱祖国的人的名字。再结合语境love 在句中是名词,需要用形容词和修饰,deep符合语境,故填deep。 88. and【解析】文中是用的4个anyone who连接的从句对新式的活雷锋做了定义。是并列关系,又是肯定句,所以用并列连词and,而不用or,故填and。 89. people’s 【解析】根据句意:雷锋精神将活在人们的心中。结合语境,应用people的名词所有格形式来充当hearts的定语,故填people’s。 90. whole 【解析】 根据句意:雷锋精神将被全国人民永远牢记。再结合语境nation这一名词需要形容词来修饰。whole(全部的)这个形容词符合语境,故填whole。 第二节选词填空(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使短文完整正确(每词限用一次),并将 答案写在答题卡相应编号后的横线上。 (2019四川南充) easy seem long change since In Chinese culture, it is believed that people who have fair (浅色的)skin(皮肤)are more beautiful. In western culture, however, the opposite is true——many westerners think tanned skin is prettier. It 71 that different cultures have different ideas of what they think is beautiful. These cultural meanings of beauty, however, are no 72 important. As more and more people travel overseas, ideas about beauty are being shared among cultures. The Internet has also made it easier for people to share different types of beauty 73 people are always posting pictures on social media. With the help of the Internet, people’s views about beauty are always 74 . People are now able to 75 borrow ideas from other cultures to help them stand out. So what new fashions can we expect to see in the future? 体裁:说明文 话题:21. 文化习俗 词数:142 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章阐述了人们对美的不同看法。 【答案】71. seems 72. longer 73. since 74. changing 75. easily 【解析】71. seems句意:似乎不同的文化对他们认为美丽的事物有不同的看法。It seems that…似乎…… 72. longer 由下文“随着越来越多的人到海外旅游,人们对美的看法也在不同的文化中共享。”可知这些美的文化意义不再重要。no longer…为固定短语,意为“不再……”。 73. since 上文“互联网也使人们更容易分享不同类型的美”和下文“人总是在社交媒体上发布图片。”构成因果关系。since常常用在书面语中,表示多为对方已知的、或稍加分析便可得知的原因,可译作“既然”。 74. changing 由下文“现在人们能够借鉴其他文化的观点,帮助它们脱颖而出。”可知在互联网的帮助下,人们对美的看法总在改变。现在进行时构成“be+v-ing”。故填changing 。 75. easily 修饰动词borrow应用easy 的副词形式。 (2019四川自贡)第一节短文填空(共10小题;每小题I分,满分10分) 将下列单词的适当形式填入空格。每空限填一词,每词只能用一次。 continue make place careful who same stop before good something A man named Bill once visited a temple that was still being built. He saw a sculptor(雕刻家) ___71___ a sculpture. As he watched the man work on the sculpture, he noticed that there was a similar sculpture lying nearby. He felt strange and asked the sculptor, “Why are you creating two___72___ sculptures? Do you need two to put in different___73___?” “No.” the man said without looking up, “We need only one, but the first one became damaged (损坏)___74___ I could finish it, so I'm working on a new one.” Bill picked up the damaged sculpture and examined it ___75___. But he couldn't find___76___ wrong with it. “Where is the damage?” he asked. “There is a scratch(划痕)on the sculpture's nose.” the sculptor said while___77___ his work. Bill then asked, “Where are you going to place the sculpture?” The sculptor replied that it would be placed on a platform which is 20 feet in height. “If the sculpture is up that high,___78___ is going to notice that there is a scratch on the nose?” Bill asked. The sculptor___79___ his work, looking up at the man and said, “I will know it.” The sculptor chose a high standard of excellence in his work. Even if other people didn't notice it, it mattered to him that his work should be of the___80___ quality(质量).This is an attitude we should work hard to have. 体裁:记叙文 话题:哲理故事 词数:250 【主旨大意】 Bill去参观寺庙时看见一位雕刻家在雕刻一件类似的作品,他问雕刻家为什么做两件一样的作品。雕刻家说因为那一件在鼻子上有一道划痕。Bill认为在20英尺的高度没有人会注意到,但是雕刻家说他会看到。他认为即使其他人没有注意,他的工作应该是最好的(质量),这对他来说很重要。这种态度是我们应该努力达到的。 71. making 【解析】考查非谓语动词。根据句意“他看见一位雕刻家在制作一尊雕像。”可知,空格处应用动词make的适当形式;see sb. doing sth.看见某人在做某事,为固定用法。 72. same【解析】根据上文中的he noticed that there was a similar sculpture lying nearby“他注意到附近有一个类似的雕塑”可知,他觉得很奇怪,问雕刻家:“你为什么要创造两个相同的雕塑?” 73. places 【解析】根据句意“你需要两个放在不同的地方吗?”可知,place符合语境,different后接名词复数,故填places。 74. before 【解析】分析句子结构可知,空格处需要一个连词。句意为:我们只需要一个,但第一个在我完成以前被损坏了,所以我正在工作一个新的。故填before。 75. carefully 【解析】根据examined可知,空格处应填一个副词,表示仔细地,故填carefully。句意:比尔捡起受损的雕塑并仔细地检查了它。 76. anything 【解析】something wrong“有毛病”,在否定句中用anything。句意为:但是他没发现有什么毛病。 77. continuing 【解析】while后接动词的-ing形式,表示动作正在进行。根据句意“ ‘雕塑的鼻子上有一个划痕(划痕)。’雕塑家一边说一边继续工作。”可知,continue符合语境,故填continuing。 78. who【解析】根据句末的?可知,这是一个特殊疑问句,空格处需要一个特殊疑问词,故填who。句意:如果雕塑那么高,谁会注意到鼻子上有划痕? 79. stopped 【解析】分析句子结构可知,空格处需要动词作宾语,根据and后的动词said可知,空格处的动词也应用过去式;结合选项中的词语可知,应填stopped。句意为:雕刻家停止了他的工作,抬头看着那个人说:“我会知道的。” 80. best 【解析】根据空格前的the及空格后的名词quality可知,空格处应用形容词的最高级形式;结合选项中的词语可知,应填best。句意为:他认为即使其他人没有注意,他的工作应该是质量最好的,这对他来说很重要。 (2019·浙江宁波) B. 用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词仅用一次(每空一词)。 how seem produce leaf widely Annie: Li Tao, China is famous for tea, right? Li Tao: Yes, both in the past and now. Annie: Where is tea 46 in China? Li Tao: In many different areas. For example, Anxi and Hangzhou are 47 known for their tea. Annie: Well, can you tell me 48 to produce tea as much as you can? Li Tao: Sure. As far as I know, tea plants are grown on the sides of mountains. When the 49 are ready, they are picked by hand and then are sent for processing. Annie: What happens next? Li Tao: The tea is packed and sent to many different countries and places around China. Annie: It 50 that many people all over the world drink Chinese tea. Li Tao: Yes, people say that tea is good for both health and business! 体裁:对话 话题:12. 饮料 词数 137 【答案】46. produced 47. widely 48. how 49. leaves 50. seems 【解析】 【主旨大意】本文是一段对话,主要谈论了中国茶的采摘与生产情况。 46. produced 句意:在中国,茶产自哪里?分析句子结构可知,主语tea是动作的承受者,故本句应用被动语态表达;由答语In many different areas. For example, Anxi and Hangzhou are 47 known for their tea.可推知,此处是问“茶是在哪儿被生产出来的”。故填过去分词produced(生产)。 47. widely 句意:例如,安溪和杭州因他们的茶叶而大大有名。分析句子结构可知,此处应用副词作状语,放于系动词are之后。故填副词widely(广泛地)。 48. how 句意:哦,你能告诉我你们是如何生产尽可能多的茶叶的吗?。由答语中的When the 49 are ready, they are picked by hand and then are sent for processing.可知,此处是在询问茶叶是如何生产出来的。故填疑问词how。 49. leaves 句意:当叶子准备好时,就用手采摘它们,然后送过去进行加工。本句缺主语。由后半句they are picked by hand and then are sent for processing及常识可知,茶农用手采摘的是茶树上的叶子。故填复数名词leaves(叶子)。 50. seems 句意:好像世界上有许多人都喝中国茶。分析句子结构可知,本句缺谓语动词。It seems that…意为“似乎/好像……”,是固定句式。故填动词第三人称单数seems。 四、综合填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) (2019·山东菏泽)阅读下面短文,用方框内所给词汇的适当形式填空,使短文语义完整。 look good on other appear especially before share side and In recent years, with the development of technology, many popular apps (应用程序) have been produced. These days, an app has caught great attention. It is Douyin, a video sharing app. Douyin first 61 in 2016. Now it is many people’s favorite app, 62 the young. With Douyin, users can record videos, edit (编辑) them and 63 them online. It is very easy 64 interesting. We can share our videos with our friends with just a tap on the mobile phone screen. What’s more, it’s a great way to spend our free time by 65 through those funny videos. However, every coin has two 66 . The app also has bad things. On the one hand, some people spend long hours 67 the app, which is harmful for their health. On the 68 hand, users can also find some bad things on the app. Such thing is unsuitable and meaningless. In my opinion, Douyin should check the videos 69 they are uploaded (上传) in order to keep a healthy environment for its users. Douyin is not 70 for teenagers. We should not use it too often. 体裁 议论文 话题 信息技术 词数 188 【主旨大意】本文是一篇议论文。文章指出,抖音是一款非常受人欢迎的软件。但凡是都有两面性,抖音网站上也充斥着不良的信息。要解决这个问题,一是抖音方面要加大监管力度,而是青少年不要太经常玩抖音。 【答案】 61. appeared 62. especially 63. share 64. an 65. looking 66. sides 67. on 68. other 69. before 70. good 【解析】 61. appeared 分析本句句子结构知,本空需填谓语动词。句意:抖音在2016年第一次出现。由此考虑选appear。从2016年知,本句用一般过去时态。故填appeared。 62. especially 句意:现在,抖音是很多人最喜欢的软件,尤其是年轻人。由句意知填especially。 63. share 分析本句句子结构知,本空需填一谓语动词。句意:用抖音,使用者能记录、编辑视频并在网上分享。由此考虑选share,因share与record, edit为并列谓语,且位于情态动词can后,故此处用动词原形。 64. and 句意:它容易而且有趣。由句意知,这里用并列连词and连接两个形容词。 65. looking 句意:更有甚者,通过浏览这些有趣的视频打发空闲时间是一个不错的办法。look through意为“浏览”,由此考虑选look,by为介词,介词后通常用动词-ing形式。故填looking。 66. sides 句意:每个硬币都有两面。由此考虑选side,从空前two知,这里用名词复数形式。故填sides。 67. on 句意:在一方面,有些人花费很长时间在这款软件上。spend…on意为“花费……在……上”。故填on。 68. other 从上文on the one hand知,这里是on the other hand,意为“一方面,另外一方面”。故填other。 69. before 句意:依我看,抖音应该在视频上传之前检测这些视频,目的是为它的使用者营造一个健康的环境。由句意知,这里填before引导时间状语从句。 70. good 句意:抖音对于青少年来说是不好的,我们应该不要太经常的使用它。由句意知填good。 第六部分 词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) (2019.四川达州)用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使短文完整、通顺。每词限用一次。 温馨提示:只要有大小写、单词拼写、语法等错误,均不给分。 Have; true; say; as; patient; well; like; I; do; run Last year I was 14 years old. I had an “enemy, a girl who liked to point out my shortcomings(缺点). Day by day her list grew. I was very thin. I was 76._____; I sometimes didn’t respect the teachers. I talked too much, I was too proud and so on. At last. I couldn't stand it. I cried and 77. ___to my father. He listened to me quietly. Then he asked. "Alfred, are the things she says true or not? Didn't you ever wonder what you are really 78._____?Well, you now have that girl's opinion. Go and make a list of everything she79.______ and find out the points that are true. Pay no attention to the other things you heard.” I did 80.______my father told. To my surprise, I discovered that about half the things were true. Some of them I couldn't change (like being very thin). but a large number I could and suddenly I wanted to change. For the first time I got a fairly clear picture of 81.______ I bought the list back to Daddy. He refused to take it. “It’s just the case for you,” he said, “you know better than anyone the 82.______about yourself. But you have to learn to listen, not just close your cars in anger and feeling hurt. When something said about you is true, you’ll find it will be of great help to you. Our world is full of people who think they know your duty. Don’t shut your ears, listen to them all, but hear the fact only and do what you know is right 83._______.” In my life, I’ve never 84.______a better piece of advice. Thanks for the shortcomings that someone has pointed out for us, they can make us know ourselves more and 85.______, go on improving us as we grow up. 76.___ 77.____ 78._____ 79._____ 80._____ 81._____ 82.____ 83.____ 84._____ 85._____ 题材 记叙文 话题 8. 人际交往 (27) 合作与交流 词数 348 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,作者通过亲身经历告诉我们感谢别人为我们指出的缺点,它们可以使我们更加了解自己,了解自己。 【答案】 76. patient 77. ran 78. like 79. said 80. as 81. mine 82.truth 83. done 84. had 85. better (2019四川遂宁)B)根据语境,从方框中选择恰当的单词填空,并将正确答案填在短文后的横线上。(共5小题;每小题1分,一空一词,满分5分) (2019·四川遂宁) Helen is my good friend. She taught 81 English when I attended a training course two years ago. Helen was always ready for the lessons, and she 82 her best to make her classes lively. I used to be poor in English, especially in written English. But now I'm able to write letters and reports 83 in English. I still remember 84 she helped me with my English patiently. Teachers' Day is coming. I'm going to send her a card and give her my best 85 . 体裁:记叙文 话题:2. 其他人 词数:86 【主旨大意】本文是记叙文。作者在教师节来临之际表达对自己的英语老师Helen的感谢!感谢老师在英语学习上给予了莫大的帮助,还提到了自己取得的进步。 【答案】 us 82. tried 83. correctly 84. how 85. wishes 【解析】 81. us 句意:她教我们英语。故填us。 82. tried 句意:她尽她最大的努力使她的课生动活泼。故填tried。 83. correctly句意:现在我能够正确地用英语写书信和报道。应用副词修饰动词write,故填correctly。 84. how 句意:我仍然记得她是如何耐心的帮助我学英语。故填how。 85. wishes句意:教师节就要到了。我要送她一张卡片,并向她致以最美好的祝愿。故填wishes。 (2019甘肃武威、白银)VII. 任务型完形填空(共10空;每空1分,满分10分) come, fun, visit, hardly, yourself, not, fall off, advice, from, important Dear Molly, I just got your letter with the picture of you riding your bike. From the smile on your face, I can tell how much 1 you’re having. I still remember when you could 2 ride a tricycle (儿童三轮自行车). You’ve 3 a long way! Now here’s some 4 . I’m sure you’re a good rider. But you will 5 that bike now and then. So please get 6 a helmet (头盔). Wear it every time you ride. A helmet will help protect you 7 a head injury. Wearing a helmet when you ride a bike is as 8 as wearing your seat belt when you ride in a car! No, I’m 9 trying to be a bossy know-it- all. I just don’t want a bad fall to wipe that smile off your face. When you come 10 this summer, bring your bike and your helmet. We’ll take some great rides together. Your cousin, Vera ? 体裁:书信 话题:自我保护 词数:166 【主旨大意】本文是一封信,表达了收到来信和照片的高兴之情。同时以表姐的身份提醒对方骑车要佩戴头盔,确保安全。 【答案及解析】 1. fun 由 smile on your face可知“高兴”;由have可联想到have fun.故填fun。 2. hardly 前面为情态动词could,故此有两个词:hardly和not可选。但后面语境No, I’m 9 trying to be a bossy know-it- all.空格处应填not。故此处填 hardly。 3. come 此处助动词have提示应填过去分词,故填come。 4. advice根据下文内容可知,表姐Vera提出了一些建议和忠告。故填advice 。 5. fall off 此处宾语为that bike,由此可联想到的动词应为ride和fall,故填fall off 。 6. yourself 此处get用法为get sb. sth.,空格处应为sb.做宾语,故填 yourself 。 7. from 此处protect的用法为protect sb. from (doing) sth.. 故填from。 8. important 此处系动词is后面应为表语,故as后面应为形容词,故填 important。 9. not 前面主要内容为提供建议,此处以幽默诙谐的口吻,表白自己“并非要做万事通”,故填 not。 10. to visit备选词中仅剩一个visit,用在此处做come的目的状语,故填to visit。 第三部分 短文填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)(2019四川眉山) 根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填入短文空格中,使短文意思正确、通顺,每词限用一次。 success pay teach since in customer draw she real two Everybody has a dream.Catherine's is to own a bakery(蛋糕店). The 14-year-old American girl became fond (喜爱) of baking and decorating (装饰) cakes when her mother first 71 her how to do it.Her parents found that she is talented 72 making cakes.She made her first cake for her sister's birthday."I had never 73 done anything like it before,"she said."It was pretty good and I actually realized how much I liked cake decorating."After making her sister's birthday cake, Caroline tried making the 74 one for herself. Caroline had been thinking about starting 75 own business years ago, but she didn’t start receiving orders until she put pictures of her cake designs on Facebook. A few hours later, somebody saw Catherine's cake designs and called to order a cake for $15. That was her first 76 cake. It proved to be a 77 experience. Realizing the public's interest in Catherine's designs, her family decided to create a business for her. She has made about 35 cakes 78 she started, including birthday cakes and wedding cakes. And she made her cakes without 79 sketch (草稿) first. Catherine’s 80 were surprised that she could create such impressive (印象深刻的) designs at such a young age. 题材:记叙文 话题: 1. 个人情况(1)个人情况(4) 兴趣与爱好 (5) 工作与职业 23. 历史与社会 (81) 著名人物 (82) 创业历史 词数:232 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。本文主要讲述十四岁的女孩凯瑟琳从开始对制作蛋糕的感兴趣到后来开办自己的公司梦想成真的经历。 答案:71. taught 72. in73. really 74. second75.her76.paid77.succcssful 78. since 79. drawing80.customers 【解析】 71. taught 分析句子成分可知,本空在句中作谓语,动词teach符合句意“这位14岁的美国女孩在母亲第一次教她怎么制作蛋糕的时候就喜欢烘焙和装饰蛋糕。”且本文讲述过去发生的事情,应用teach的过去式taught。 72. in 句意:她的父母发现她有制作蛋糕的天赋。固定短语be talented in对……有天赋 73. really 由上文“She made her first cake for her sister's birthday.”可知以前她真的从来没有做过类似的事情,分析句子成分,本空缺少状语,应用real的副词really作状语。 74. second 由上文“She made her first cake for her sister's birthday.”可知在给她姐姐做生日蛋糕之后,卡罗琳试着自己做第二块,空前有定冠词the,应与two的序数词连用。 75.her 句意:卡罗琳几年前就一直考虑开办自己的一家公司。固定短语one’s own某人自己的,应用人称代词she的形容词性物主代词her。 76.paid 由上文“…somebody saw Catherine's cake designs and called to order a cake for $15”可知那是她第一次付钱的蛋糕。分析句子成分,本空作定语,应用pay的过去分词paid。 77.successful 句意:这件事证明这是一次成功的经历。分析句子成分,本空作定语,应用success的形容词successful。 78. since 本空置于“She has made about 35 cakes”和“she started”两个句子之间,应用连词来连接,since (自从……以来)符合句意“自从他创办公司以来他已经制作了35个蛋糕。” 79. drawing 句意:她制作蛋糕没有首先画草稿。分析句子成分,without后接宾语,应用动词draw的-ing形式。 80.customers 句意:凯瑟琳的顾客很惊讶她能在这么小的年纪就做出如此令人印象深刻的设计。分析句子成分,本空缺少主语,且空后were,应用名词 customer 的复数形式customers。 五、词语运用(10小题,每小题1分,共10分) (2019河南)阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空,使短文通顺、意思完整。 每空限填一词,每词限用一次。方框中有两个词是多余的。 boy promise from during door big because hour take there when like The summer holiday was coming but Zach was a little sad. He would have to move 66 the holiday, leaving his friends and his tree house. The tree house was Zach’s favorite place to go to when he wanted to be alone. He also liked 67 his friends there. They would play for 68. Zach told his mom, “I don’t want to move. I’m going to miss my friends. I’m also going to miss my tree house. I want to take it with me.” “Zach, but we have to 69 your father’s changed his job. He is already 70 waiting for us. You will have a much 71 bedroom, and you will meet new friends at your new school,” 72 his mom. Zach wasn’t so sure. When Zach and his mom arrived, Dad took Zach to the backyard. There, Zach saw a big tree house. “Wow!” Zach shouted. “This is great!” All of a sudden, Zach heard a 73 voice. “Are you moving in? My name is Joey and I live next 74 . Can I have a look at your tree house?” “I think I’m going to 75 it here after all!” Zach told his mom and dad that night. 题材:记叙文 话题:7 情感与情绪 词数:202 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲Zach的因为父亲换工作不得不搬离他们的树屋,他非常不舍,到了新的树屋后,他觉得非常不错,也结交了新朋友,他觉得自己会喜欢上这里。 【答案】 66. during 67. taking 68. hours 69. because 70. there 71. bigger 72. promised 73. boy’s 74. door 75. like 【解析】 66. during 考查介词。分析句子结构可知,此处缺少介词,此处表示“在暑假期间”,故填during。 67. taking 考查非谓语动词。根据上一句“The tree house was Zach’s favorite place to go to when he wanted to be alone.”可知,此处指“他也喜欢带他的朋友去那里”,故选动词take,like doing sth.喜欢做某事,故填taking。 68. hours 考查名词复数。分析句子结构可知,此处需填名词,此处表示“他们会在那里玩几个小时”,故选hour,for hours数小时,故填hours。 69. because 考查连词。空后的“爸爸换了工作”是Zach必须搬家的原因,故填because,因为,引导条件状语从句。 70. there 考查副词。根据空后的“waiting for us”可知,此处表示“他已经在那里等我们了”,there在那里,符合语境,故填there。 71. bigger 考查形容词比较级。此处修饰名词bedroom,要用形容词,much常用来修饰形容词比较级,此处指“新家有比较大的卧室”,故填big的比较级bigger。 72. promised 考查动词的时态。分析句子结构可知,此处需填动词,promise承诺,符合语境;本句的主语为his mom,本段主要用一般过去时叙述过去发生的事情,此处也用一般过去时,故填过去式promised。 73. boy’s 考查名词所有格。根据下文Joey的话可知,此处指“Zach突然听见了一个男孩的声音”,boy男孩,符合语境,此处要用名词所有格作定语,故填boy’s。 74. door 考查名词。根据上一句“你要搬来吗”可知,此处指“我住在你家隔壁”,next door在隔壁,符合语境。 75. like 考查动词。分析句子结构可知,空处需填动词,此处表示“我想我还是会喜欢这里的”,故选like,be going to do sth. 将要做某事,故填like。 五、任务型完形填空(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面的短文,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使文意通顺,结构正确。(每个单词 限用一次) (2019甘肃兰州) come first how fly probably meter it for little and (2019甘肃兰州)Have you ever dreamed of flying to school like Harry Potter? Of course, you’re 66 not a magician. But Speeder could make your dreams 67 true. Speeder is a flying motorcycle. A US company made 68 . The company calls it the world’s 69 flying motorcycle. Speeder can take off 70 land anywhere. It flies at 240 km per hour at a height of 4,500 71 in the sky. To reach that speed, Speeder mainly uses diesel fuel (柴油) to 72 . The company will do more research on 73 to use clean energy to power Speeder in the future. Speeder riders must weigh 74 than 109 kg. If a rider is too heavy, it will be hard 75 the motorcycle to take off. 体裁:说明文 话题:22. 科普知识 话题:22. 发明与技术 词数:127 【主旨大意】本文是一篇科技说明文。文中主要介绍了新型的出行工具—Speeder。有了它,你可以像哈利波特那样飞着去上学。但它目前已柴油为主燃料,希望不久的将来,可以有更洁净的能源供它使用。 【答案】 66. probably 67. come 68. it 69. first 70. and 71. meters 72. fly 73. how 74. less 75. for 【解析】 66. probably 考查副词。“you’re not a magician”,是一个完整的主系表结构,所以,要填入的词是用来起修饰作用的副词,故答案选probably。 67. come 考查动词。come true实现,make +宾语+动词原形,故答案为come。即:Speeder可能会让你梦想成真。 68. it 考查代词。make it (及时) 到达(尤指来得及做某事);(经历艰难困苦后) 成功。句意:一家美国公司做到了(即让你像哈利波特那样飞着去上学)。 69. first 考查数词。句意:这家公司称它是世界上的第一辆飞行摩托。联系上文“一家美国公司实现了它”,可知,这里飞行摩托是世界上的第一辆,故答案为first。 70. and 考查连词。take off和land“起飞和降落”,所以,中间用连词and。 71. meters 考查度量名词。句意:它可以在4,500的高度,以每小时240公里的速度飞行。单位meter前有具体数字,需要变复数,加s。 72. fly 考查动词。联系上文可知Speeder是飞行器,所以,它是燃烧柴油来飞行的。不定式to后加动词原形,fly用原形。 73. how 考查疑问副词。句意:公司将会研究如何让它用更清洁的能源作动力。how符合句意。 74. less 考查形容词的比较级。联系下文“If a rider is too heavy, it will be hard 75 the motorcycle to take off.”可知,如果太重,它会很难起飞,所以,骑行者要少于109公斤,less than少于,符合句意。 75. for 考查介词。It’s + 形容词+ for+宾语+to do sth.,固定句型,即:对于……来说,做……很……。句意:如果骑行者太重,对于摩托车来说,起飞将会很难。 (2019·湖北孝感)六、选词填空 阅读短文, 用方框中所给词的适当形式填空, 使短文通顺、连贯。方框中每词限用一次, 有两个词多余。(共6分, 每空1分) across; forever, through; who; share; which; memories; separate Good morning, everyone. Standing here, I know it's time to say goodbye. When I look back to the past three years, many beautiful 77 rush to my mind. When I walk by classrooms, it seems that the lessons will never stop. I can't forget the sunshine coming in 78 the windows. I can't forget the library where I used to go. I can't forget tidy uniforms and lovely smiles. I'll remember the important people 79 helped and supported me—my teachers and my friends. These moments are so unforgettable that I feel like 80 them with you. Although we have to go our 81 ways now, I hope we can value the happy time we spent together. My dear school, I love you, 82 . And I really don't want to say goodbye. 题材:应用文 话题:4. 学校生活 词数:132 【主旨大意】本文是一篇议论文。文中主要介绍了作者写给自己的几条有关信任,周围的人,珍惜时间和失败的建议。 【答案】 77.memories 78. through 79. who 80. sharing 81. separate 82. forever 【解析】 77. memories 考查名词。句意:许多甜蜜的回忆涌上心头。memories记忆。 78. through 考查介词。句意:我无法忘记阳光穿过窗户进来。through穿过。 79. who 考查定语从句的关系词。句意我将记住帮助过我、支持过我的重要的人。空处是关系代词,引导定语从句,修饰先行词people,并且在从句中做主语,所以用关系代词who。 80. sharing 考查固定短语。句意:那些时刻令人难忘,我很想与你们分享。feel like doing想做。 81. separate 考查固定短语中的形容词。句意:虽然我们要分道扬镳了,我希望我们要珍惜我们一起度过的快乐时光。go one’s separate ways各走各的路,分道扬镳。 82. forever 考查副词。句意:我亲爱的学校,我永远爱你。forever永远。 第二节短文填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) (2019湖南郴州)从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空,使短文完整、通顺(每空一词,每词限用一次)。 but program over work travel comfortable nurse place with she Diana is Australian. She once 66. ________ in a big company. She lived with her friend in a 67. ________apartment and drove to work. She travelled to many 68. ________, but she seldom took the plane. She was afraid of flying. One day, Diana saw a TV 69. ________about ORBIS. She learnt about the Flying Eye Hospital. She wanted to help poor people 70. ________eye problems, so she made up her mind to train as a 71. ________and attended courses after work. Diana is working for ORBIS now. She has to travel 72. ________300 days a year. She is getting used to 73. ________by plane. Diana enjoys 74. ________work. She is glad to be able to help people see again. She does not have as much money as before, 75. ________she thinks her life is more meaningful. 体裁:说明文 话题:8. 人际交往 话题:13 卫生与健康 词数:147 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了戴安娜的工作。 【答案】66.worked 67.comfortable 68.places 69.program 70.with 71.nurse 72.over 73.travelling 74.her 75.but 【解析】 66.worked 考查动词。由本句中的“once”及下句中的“lived”可知,此句为一般过去时,故填worked。 67.comfortable考查形容词。空格后的apartment是名词,常用形容词修饰,故此处填。comfortable 68.places考查名词。由空格前many可知,此空应填名词复数形式。 69.program考查名词。由空格前TV可知,应填的是电视上的一档节目,故填program。 70.with考查介词。由空格后的eye problems可知,这些人是有眼睛问题,with表示“带有,具有”。 71.nurse考查名词。由空格前a可知,本空应填个单数名词,根据本句及空格后的“and attended courses after work”可知此处应填nurse。 72.over考查介词。根据句意可知,应填介词over,表示一年300多天。 73.travelling考查非谓语动词。Get used to为固定短语,其中to为介词,故填travelling。 74.her 考查形容词性物主代词。空格后的work是名词,其前常用形容词修饰,再由本句的主语Diana可知,是女孩的名字,故用her。 75.but考查并列连词。通过分析我们可知,这两个句子存在转折关系,故填but。 九、(2019·山西)词语运用(每小题 1 分,共 10 分) 请根据语篇内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文通顺、连贯,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。方框中有两个词为多余项。 by take quick exciting return without he rule which result achieve different As a famous piano master, Paderewski was admired by many people. Wishing to make progress on the piano, one day a boy 70 to a Paderewski’s concert by his mother. After they were seated, the mother saw a friend and walked up to greet her, leaving the boy along in 71 seat. Catching the chance to explore the wonders of the concert hall, the little boy stood up and finally made his way through a door 72 was marked“No Admittance". Soon, the hall got dark and the concert was about to begin. When the mother 73 to her seat, she discovered that the child was missing. Suddenly, the lights focused on the piano on the stage. In surprise/ the mother found her little boy sitting at the piano. 74 knowing where he was, the boy was picking out Twinkle, Twinkle, little star. At that moment, the great piano master appeared, moved to the piano 75 and whispered in the boy's ear, “Don't stop. Keep playing.” Then he sat down and added a running obbligato. Together, the old master and the young beginner changed an embarrassing situation into a wonderfully creative experience. It became one of the 76 parts of the whole concert that evening. The people were touched so much by the master and the mother was shocked. She believed that such an experience would make a big 77 to her boy's life. In fact, that's the way it is in life. What we can do on our own is hardly unusual. We tried our best, but the 78 aren't exactly smooth music like what we have expected. But when we trust in the hands of a greater power, our life's work can be truly beautiful. Next time you set out 79 great works, listen carefully. You can hear the voice of the master, whispering in your ear, "Don’t stop. Keep playing.” 70.____ 71.____ 72._____ 73.____ 74._____ 75.____ 76._____ 77._____ 78._____ 79._____ 体裁 记叙文 话题 故事 词数 321 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,记叙了著名钢琴家帕岱莱夫斯基在他举行的音乐会开始前,一个男孩自己跑到钢琴旁演奏起来,当钢琴家入场看到这一切,主动为孩子伴奏起来的故事。 【答案】 70. was taken 71. his 72. which 73 returned 74. Without 75. quickly 76. most exciting 77.difference 78. results 79. to achieve 【解析】 was taken 句子后面有by his mother,由此判断孩子是被带去音乐会的,故答案为was taken his 文中提到会见朋友,把孩子独自留在他的座位上,故填his。 which 后面是定语从句,故选which。 returned 后句提到不见孩子了,说明母亲回到座位了,故填returned. Without 后面提到孩子见到钢琴就弹奏起来了,可见孩子不知道在哪,故填without。 quickly 副词修饰前面moved, 故填quickly。 most exciting 句中含有one of the+最高级, 故填most exciting。 difference 句中a big后面修饰名词,故填difference。 results 句中be动词是are,主语是复数,故填results。 79. to achieve 根据短语set out to do sth.(着手做某事)可知答案。 (2019?四川广安) 第二节 根据短文内容用方框内所给单词的正确形式填空,每空一词,?每词一次,并将答案写在答题卡上相应的位置。 wrong air too in what away fly at without shine (2019?四川广安) If you are asked the question “What colour is the sky?” I believe you will answer blue. But I am afraid you are 71 . The sky has no color. When we see blue, we are looking 72 the blue sunlight. The sunlight 73 on the little bits of dust(灰尘) in the air. Is the sky full of 74 ? I am sure that you are asked this question 75 . We know that there is air all around the world. We could not live 76 air. Planes could not 77 if there is not any air. If we go far enough 78 from the earth, then we will find there is no air. Perhaps we can answer some of our questions now. 79 is the sky? The sky is space. It is all around the world. There is nothing but the sun, the moon and the stars 80 space. 【答案】 71. wrong 72. at 73. shines 74. air 75. too 76. without 77. fly 78. away 79. What 80. in 体裁:说明文 话题:22. 科普知识 词数 153 【主旨大意】本文是说明文。先介绍了天空是无色的。然后介绍了天空就是太空,它就存在在我们的周围,在天空中,除了太阳、地球与星星外,什么也没有。 71 wrong 【解析】根据下句句意:天空没有颜色,说明上句句意是:我认为你会认为天空是蓝色的,但恐怕你错了。故答案是wrong。 72. at【解析】表示“看……”,应用look at。 73. shines 【解析】句意:阳光照在空气中的一点点灰尘上。根据句子的主语是the sunlight表示三单,故此处应用shine的三单。故答案是shines。 74. air 【解析】根据第三句的We know that there is air all around the world.可知,此处应用air。该句意是:天空充满空气吗?故答案是air。 75. too 【解析】本段谈的全是关于air的情况,因此该句意是:我敢肯定也有人问过你这个问题。表示“也”,用在句末,应用too。 76. without 【解析】句意:没有空气我们就不能生存。表示“没有”,应用without。 77. fly 【解析】句意:如果没有空气,飞机就不能飞。根据句中的could not,是情态动词,其后需要接动词原形。表示“飞”,应用fly。 78. away【解析】句意:如果我们离地球足够远,那么我们就会发现没有空气。表示“离……远”,应用away from …。故答案是away。 79. What 【解析】根据下一句句意:天空是太空,可知上句句意是:天空是什么?表示“什么”,应用what。 80. in 【解析】句意:在天空中,除了太阳、地球与星星外,什么也没有。表示“在太空”,应用in space。故答案是in。 (2018·湖北随州)七、短文填空(本题共10分,每小题1分) 从方框中选择适当的单词,并用其适当的形式完成短文,每词只能用一次,每空一词。 century or prevent put from what try receive long direct Stonehenge, a rock circle, is not only one of Britain’s most famous historical places but also one of its greatest mysteries. Every year it 76 more than 750,000 visitors. People like to go to this place especially in June as they want to see the sun rising on the 77 day of the year. For many years, historians believed Stonehenge was a temple where ancient leaders 78 to communicate with the gods. However, historian Paul Stoker thinks this can’t be true because Stonehenge was built so many 79 ago. “The leaders arrived in England much later,” he points out. Another popular idea is that Stonehenge might be a kind of Calendar. The large stones was were 80 together in a certain way. On midsummer’s morning, the sun shines 81 into the center of the stone. Other people believe the stones have a medical purpose. They think the stones can 82 illness and keep people healthy. “As you walk there, you can feel the energy 83 your feet move up your body.” Said one visitor. No one is sure 84 Stonehenge was used for , but most agree that the position of the stones must be for a special purpose. Some think it might be a burial place 85 a place to honor ancestors. Others think it was built to celebrate a victory over an enemy. 体裁 说明文 话题 20.自然之山川与河流 词数 233 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。介绍的是有关充满神秘色彩的英国最著名的历史景点史前巨石柱的各种起源传说。 76. receives 【解析】句意:幸运的是,每年它都吸引七十五万多名参观者前来(欣赏其神奇风范)。故用动词receive,意为“收到”。根据句中的时间状语every year确定要用一般现在时。主语是it,故动词用第三人称单数形式。 77. longest 【解析】联系句中的“especially in June”以及该石柱所处的地理位置,可判断:六月份北半球白昼最长,故推断句意为:人们特别喜欢在六月份去这个地方,因为他们想要在一年中白昼最长的这一天,观看日出。根据句中的“of the year”确定用形容词最高级longest,意为“最长的”。 78. tried 【解析】句意:许多年来,历史学家认为巨石柱是古代的领导人祈求神明的庙堂。try to do sth. 意为“试图做某事”。根据句中的was确定用一般过去时。 79. centuries 【解析】句意:然而一

    • 小/初/高考真题试卷
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  • ID:4-6188964 [精] 2019年各省市中考英语真题解析( 形容词和副词比较等级 )

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2019年各省市中考英语真题解析 形容词与副词比较等级 1.(2019年天水)—What do you think of the environment in your hometown? —It's . Both the air and the water are badly polluted. A. not bad B. as good as before C. much better than before D.not as good as before 2.(2019年镇江)Because of the flood, there are _________ tourists in that ancient town this year than last year. A. more B. most C. fewer D. fewest 3.(2019年郴州)—This T-shirt is a bit expensive for me —But this is _________one in our shop, sir. A. cheap B. cheaper C. the cheapest 4.(2019年自贡)—I don’t want this book because of the price. May I have another one? —How about this one? It is as interesting as that one and ____expensive. A. more B. less C. little 5.(2019年凉山)—Home is place wherever you go. —East or west, home is the best. A. warm B. warmer C. warmest D. the warmest 6.(2019年重庆A卷)Nobody worked the math problem out. It was ____ one of all. A. easier B. the easiest C. more difficult D. the most difficult 7.(2019年宿迁)LeBron James is one of ___________ players in the NBA. He is my hero. A. better B. the best C. worse D. the worst 8.(2019年重庆B卷)Hong Kong—Zhuhai—Macau Bridge, the world’s ______cross—sea bridge, won another international prize in December, 2018. A. long B. longer C. longest D. the longest 9.(2019年岳阳)Tina is as ________ as her sister, Tara. A. outgoing B. more outgoing C. the most outgoing 10.(2019年遂宁)Shanghai is one of ________ in the world. A. the biggest cities B. biggest cities C. the biggest city D. bigger cities 11.(2019年湘西土家族苗族自治州)—What do you think of English? —I think English is as ______ as Chinese. A. useful B. more useful C. the most useful 12.(2019年湘西土家族苗族自治州)—Do you know that China is one of ______ countries in the world? —Yes, I do. It’s much _______ than the US. A. the oldest; older B.old; older C. older; older 13.(2019年苏州)The flying squirrel might be one of __________ animals you could meet during the trip. A. strange B. stranger C. strangest D. the strangest 14.(2019年江西)—What do you think of the band’s performance? —It could be __________. I think they’re feeling very nervous. A. good B. better C. bad D. worse 15.(2019年广东)Fishing is one of ____ activities among the middle-aged people. A. popular B. more popular C. most popular D. the most popular 16.(2019年孝感)—There will be no winner in the trade war between China and the US. —I agree. If we can’t avoid it, the relationship will get _______ as time goes on. A. bad B. badly C. worse D. worst 17.(2019年安顺)—Roy never likes junk food. —Neither do I. That's probably why I'm becoming ____________ now. A. healthy and healthy B. more and more healthily C. weaker and weaker D. healthier and healthier 18.(2019年眉山)— Mum, could you buy me a dress like this, please? — Of course. We can buy one than this, but it. A. a better; better than B. a worse; as good as C. a cheaper; as good as D. a more important; not as good as 19.(2019年咸宁)—The 55—kilometer HZMB(港珠澳大桥)opened to the public on Oct. 24th. 2018. —It is__________cross—sea bridge in the wortd, linking Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macao. A. long B. longer C. longest D.the longest 20.(2019年鄂州)—Paul, do you prefer weekdays or weekends? —Weekdays, of course. I’m _____ on weekends. A. busy B. much busier C. more busier D. the busiest 21.(2019年黄冈)—Mike plays the drums so wonderfully! —Of course. He is _____ than any other students in his class. A. talented B. more talented C. less talented D. the most talented 22.(2019年黄石)一Do you know Hong Kong - Zhuhai - Macao Bridge(港珠澳大桥)? 一Yes. lt is_________cross- sea bridge in the world. A. the longer B.longest C.the longest D.longer 23.(2019年北京)Julie takes good care of the family dog. She is than her brother. A. patient B. more patient C. most patient D. the most patient 24.(2019年广元)Taking a subway in Chengdu is much __________than taking a taxi. A. cheap B. cheaper C. cheapest 25.(2019年河南)More and more people agree that expressions such as “LOL” and “hahaha” are making our speech more direct but ____interesting and creative. A.less B.more C.the least D. the most 26. (2019年新疆)The we do for other people, the we will be A. much: happier B. more; happy C. more: happier D. most: happiest 27.(2019年无锡)—Guess what? The university has accepted my application! —Wow! That’s __________ news I’ve heard this year, Boris! Let’s celebrate. A. a worse B. the worst C. a better D. the best 28.(2019年南通)—Would you like to go to the city and live with us, Granny? —Oh, dear, I’m used to the life in the country. I think life here is . A. more comfortable B. less comfortable C. the most comfortable D. the least comfortable 29.(2019年盘锦)—Lucy, our father’s birthday is coming. Let’s buy a card for him. —Why not make one by ourselves? It will be _______ than buying one. A. meaningful B. much meaningful C. more meaningful D. the most meaningful 30.(2019年百色)Tea is one of_________drinks in the world. A.more popular B.the more popular C.most popular D.the most popular 31.(2019年襄阳)— Who runs in your class? — Tom does. None of us can catch him in the race. A. faster B. slower C. fastest D. slowest 32.(2019年南充)—Who sings __________in your class? —Li Jing does. A. most beautifully B. most beautiful C. more beautifully D. more beautiful 33. (2019年达州)—Maling’s Chinese isn’t so ________ as Wangming’s. —I know them very much. But now Maling studies _________ than Wangming does. A. good; hard B. good; harder C. better; hard D. better; better 34.(2019年天津)Jenny will get up than usual in order to catch the first bus. A. early B.very early C.earlier D.earliest 35.(2019年株洲)“Action speak ______ than words,” as the saying goes. A.loud B. louder C. loudest 36.(2019年桂林)Of all the students in my class,Lily studies ______. A. most carefully B. carefully C. more carefully 37.(2019年百色)Wang Wei speaks English as________as Yang Lan. They both study English hard. A.good B.well C.better D.best 38.(2019年广东)A mobile phone with 5G can send videos much _______ than the one with 4G. A. fast B. faster C. fastest D. the fastest 形容词与副词比较等级 解析: 1.not bad“不坏”;as good as before“和以前一样好”; much better than before“比以前好得多”;not as good as before“不如以前好”。中考试题题意为“你认为你的家乡的环境怎么样?”“没有以前好。空气和水被污染严重。”根据 Both the air and the water are badly polluted,应选择not as good as before。as…as…意为“与……一样”,其中接形容词或副词的原级,在否定句中,第一个?as?也可换成?so。如:He doesn’t study as [so] hard as his brother.?他学习不如他弟弟努力。答案应为D。 2.more“更多”;most“在多数”;fewer“更少”;fewest“最少”。中考试题题意为“因为洪水,今年那个古镇的游客比去年少。”根据Because of the flood及连词than可知,此空应选择fewer。答案应为C。 3.cheap“便宜”;cheaper“更便宜”;the cheapest“最便宜”。中考试题题意为“这件T恤衫对我来说有点贵。”“但这件在我们店里是最便宜的,先生。”根据题意,此空应选择the cheapest,答案应为C。 4.中考试题题意为“因为这个价格我不想要这本书。我可以要另一本吗?”“这本怎么样?和那本一样有趣,没有那么贵。”根据题意,此空应填空less,less expensive“更便宜”,相当于more cheap。其它两项不符合语法要求。答案应为B。 5.warm“暖和”;warmer“更暖和”;warmest“最暖和”;the warmest“最暖和”。中考试题题意为“无论你去哪里,家是最温暖的地方”“东奔西跑,还是家里好。”根据题意,此空应选择the warmest,注意形容词最高级前须加定冠词。答案应为D。 6.中考试题题意为“没有谁算出了这道数学题,它是所有最难的一道题。”根据前句Nobody worked the math problem out.可知这道数学题是所有数学题中最难的一道题,应选择the most difficult,答案应为D。 7.根据in the NBA表示一个范围,此空用最高级形式,注意结构“one of the +形容词最高级+名词复数”。中考试题题意为“LeBron James是 NBA里最好的运动员。他是我的英雄。”根据题意,答案应为B。 8.中考试题题意为“港珠澳大桥,世界上最长的跨海大桥,在2018年12月又赢得了一个国际大奖。”根据题意,此空应选择the longest,注意形容词最高级前用定冠词the。答案应为D。 9.中考试题题意为“Tina与她的妹妹Tara一样外向。”根据句型as... as...,此空应用形容词原级outgoing,答案应为A。 10.根据in the world表示一个范围,此空用最高级形式,注意结构“one of the +形容词最高级+名词复数”结构。中考试题题意为“上海是世界上最大的城市之一。”根据题意,答案应为A。 11.中考试题题意为“你认为英语怎么样?”“我认为英语与汉语一样有用。”根据句型as... as...,此空应用形容词原级useful,答案应为A。 12.中考试题题意为“你知道中国是世界上最古老的国家之一。”“是的,我知道。比美国古老的多。”第一空根据in the world表示一个范围,此空应用形容词最高级the oldest;第二空根据连词than可知,此空应用形容词比较级older,答案应为A。 13.中考试题题意为“飞鼠可能是在旅游期间你看过最奇怪的动物之一。”根据“one of the +形容词最高级+名词复数”结构,此空应用形容词最高级the strangest,答案应为D。 14. good “好”; better“更好”; bad“坏”;worse“更坏”。中考试题题意为“你认为这个乐队表演怎么样?”“这个表演本可以更好。我认为他们有点紧张。”根据题意,此空应选择比较级better,答案应为B。 15.中考试题题意为“钓鱼是中老年中最受欢迎的活动之一。”根据“one of +the +形容词最高级”句型可知,此空应选择the most popular,答案应为D。 16.Bad“坏的”,形容词原级;badly“坏地”,副词;worse“更坏的”,比较级;worst“最坏的”,最高级。中考试题题意为“中国与美国之间在贸易战中没有赢家。”“我同意。如果我们不能避免,随着时间的推移,这种关系会变得更糟。”根据题意及系动词get可知此空须选择形容词比较级worse,答案应为C。 17.英语中“形容词比较级+and+形容词比较级”意为“越来越”中考试题题意为“Roy从不喜欢垃圾食品。 ”“我也不喜欢。那或许我现在为什么变得越来越健康的原因。”根据题意及系动词become可知,此空应选择 healthier and healthier,表示“越来越健康”,其它三项不符合语法要求,答案应为D。 18.中考试题题意为“妈妈,请给我买一件像这种的衣服好吗?”“当然可以。我们能买比这更便宜的衣服,但与它一样好。”第一空根据连词than可知,此空须用比较级a cheaper(one)“更便宜的衣服”,第二空根据but可知,此空表示意思转折,应选择as good as(it)“与它一样好的”。答案应为C。 19.中考试题题意为“55公里港珠澳大桥2018年10月24日对外开放。”“它是最长的跨海大桥,与香港、珠海和澳门连接一起。”根据题意,此空应选择the longest,注意形容词最高级前用定冠词the。答案应为D。 20.中考试题题意为“Paul,你更喜欢工作日还是周末?”“当然是工作日。在周末我更忙。”根据题意可知“工作日”与“周末”两者相比,周末忙得多,答案应为B。 21.中考试题题意为“Mike打鼓那么精彩!”“当然。他比他班里任何其他学生更有天赋。”根据题意及连词than可知,此空须用形容词比较级more talented,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为B。 22.中考试题题意为“你知道港珠澳大桥吗?”“知道。它是世界上最长的跨海大桥。”第一空根据in the world表示一个范围,此空应用形容词最高级the longest,注意形容词最高级前有定冠词。答案应为C。 23.中考试题题意为“Julie看管好这只家养的狗。她比她的兄弟更有耐心。”根据由句子中的“than her brother”可知,此处要用比较级more patient,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为B。 24.中考试题题意为“坐火车去成都比坐的士更便宜。”根据由句子中的“than taking a taxi”可知,此处要用比较级cheaper,其它两项不符合语法要求。答案应为B。 25.中考试题题意为“越来越多的人同意像LOL和hahaha这样的表达方式使得我们的演讲更直接,但更没趣和缺乏创意。”根据句意及空前的but,可知应选little的比较级less,答案应为A。 26.英语中,“the more比较级+ the more比较级”, 意为“越……,越……”在这种结构中,第一个the+比较级为状语从句,第二个the+比较级为主句,两个“the”的后面都必须跟形容词或副词的比较级形式。如:The?more?you?learn, the?more easily you?can?get?a?job.你学到的东西越多,你就越容易找到工作。The more exciting it is, the happier they are. 越是有趣,他们就越是高兴。中考试题题意为“我们为其他人做的越多,我们就越幸福。”根据题意及两个空前有不定冠词the,答案应为C。 27.中考试题题意为“猜猜什么?”“这所大学接受了我的申请!”“哇!那是我今年听到的最好的消息,Boris!咱们庆祝一下。”根据题意,此空应选择形容词最高级the best,即构成“the+形容词最高级+名词+定语从句”结构。答案应为D。 28.中考试题题意为“你想去城里同我们住在一起吗,奶奶?”“哦,亲爱的,我习惯了乡下的生活。我想这儿的生活更舒适。”根据题意可知“乡下的生活比城市的生活更舒适”,此空须用形容词比较级more comfortable。答案应为A。 29.中考试题题意为“Lucy,我们父亲的生日就要到了。咱们给他买张卡。”“为什么我们不亲自做一张。比买更有意义。”根据than buying one可知,此处要用比较级 more meaningful,其它三项不符合语法要求。答案应为C。 30.中考试题题意为“茶是世界上最流行的饮料之一。”根据句型one of the+形容词最高级+名词复数”可知,此空用形容词最高级,表示“最……之一”,答案应为D。 31.中考试题题意为“你们班谁跑得最快?”“汤姆。在赛跑中我们没有谁能赶上他。”根据题意及in your class表示一个范围,此空用副词最高级形式fastest,用于修饰动词runs,答案应为C。 32.中考试题题意为“你们班谁唱得最好?”“Li Jing。”根据题意及in your class表示一个范围,此空用副词最高级形式most beautifully,用于修饰动词sings。答案应为C。 33.题意为“Maling的汉语不如 Wangming的好。” “我非常了解他们。但现在Maling比Wangming学习更努力。”第一空考查not so……as结构,此空须用形容词原级;第二空根据than Wangming does可知此空须用副词比较级harder,修饰studies。答案应为B。 34.中考试题题意为“为了赶上第一班公共汽车,Jenny比通常起得早。”根据than usual可知此空须用副词比较级earlier,修饰动词词组get up。答案应为B。 35.中考试题题意为“行动胜于言语,”俗话说得好。根据 than words可知,此空须用副词比较级louder,修饰动词speak。答案应为B。 36.中考试题题意为“我们班所有的学生中,Lily学习最仔细。”根据Of all the students in my class可知,此空须用副词最高级most carefully,修饰动词studies。答案应为A。 37.中考试题题意为“王伟的英语讲的和杨澜的一样好.他们学习英语都努力。”句中含有as…as…结构,中间用形容词或副词原级;此处应选择副词well修饰动词speak 答案应为B。 38.中考试题题意为“5G移动手机比4G移动手机发视频速度更快。”由空格前后的much和than可知,此处要用比较级faster。答案应为B。 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-6187144 2019年中考真题分类汇编 情景交际专题 含解析

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    2019年中考真题分类汇编 情景交际专题 含解析 (2019 辽宁抚顺)15. —________? — I need some music CDs. A. What’s wrong B. Can I help you C. How much are the CDs D. Are you all right (2019辽宁葫芦岛)15. —My parents will take me to Shanghai Disneyland this summer holiday. —_________. A Good luck to you B. It’s a good idea C. Best wishes to you D. Have a good time (2019辽宁锦州) 1.—Could you help me with my English after school? —__________. A. It’s a pleasure. B. With pleasure. C. You’re welcome. D. OK, I could (2019 辽宁辽阳) 15.?—?Jimmy,?could?you?please?help?me?in?the?garden? —______,?Mom.?I’m?coming. ?A. Sure?? B.?I’m?sorry? ?C.?Go?ahead?? D.?That’s?right. (2019辽宁铁岭) 15. —Would you like to watch a movie with me after the exam? —_______. A. It doesn’t matter B. You’re welcome C. Yes, I’d love to D. Enjoy yourself (2019云南曲靖) 21. — Good luck to you in the exam! — ________. A. Good idea B. OK C. Thank you D. Take it away (2019云南曲靖) 30. — Nowadays, most students are under too much pressure. — ________. They need time to relax and think for themselves. A. I disagree B. I do agree with you C. It’s very kind of you D. It’s doesn’t matter (2019云南) 25. —Must I wear the school uniform on school days? —_______. It’s one of the school rules. A. It’s beautiful. B. I don’t think so. C. I’m afraid so D. It fits you well. (2019云南) 28. —Sorry, Miss Wang. I broke a glass by accident while I was cleaning the table. —______. Please be more careful next time. A. It’s nothing B. All right C. I know D. Sure (2019 辽宁本溪)15.—I am afraid I’m too tired to walk on. —_________. I believe you can do it. A. That’s for sure B. I hope so C. Come on D. All right (2019云南昆明) 22. —Gina, could you please play the drums on the art festival? — __________. I can only play the guitar. (2019云南昆明) 24. —I will take part in an English writing competition this Sunday. I feel nervous. —__________! A. What a pity B. Look out C. Congratulations D. Take it easy (2019云南昆明) 30. —You looked unhappy just now. ________? —I missed the school bus and arrived late for class. A. What did you eat for lunch B. How was your picnic C. What happened to you D. How did you go there (2019 广西贵港) 45.—Would you like to go to the movie with me tonight? —_________. See you then. A. No problem B. I’m not free C. Yes, please D. I’m not sure (2019海南) 30. —Excuse me, _______ ? —It’s June 26th, 2019. A. what is the date B. whose is the bike C. how is the weather (2019黑龙江大庆)15. —We are going to invite foreign friends to take part in the celebration of the 70th anniversary of China. —______! A. That’s amazing B. That’s all right C. Good luck D. Enjoy yourself (2019江苏南通)15. —Why not hold a Chinese Poetry Competition to welcome our motherland’s 70th birthday? — ________. Let’s make a plan together in our group. · A. That’s all right B. Yes, please C. Good idea D. Never mind (2019江苏镇江) 14.—My computer has caught a virus and it has gone wrong. —__________ A.I’m sorry to hear that. B. Don’t mention it. C. It doesn’t matter. D. I’m sure it can work. (2019云南) 21. —The final exam is coming. I hope all is well with you. —Thanks. ______. A. My pleasure B. You, too C. Sounds good D. It’s wonderful. (2019内蒙古包头) 21. —Hey, are you free for dinner tonight? —______. My cousins are on the way, and I’ll have dinner with them tonight. A. Take your time. B. I’m sorry, no. C. Well done. D. Why not? (2019内蒙古包头)35. —Wasn’t Bob supposed to be here? —______. He will be here in five minutes. A. No wonder B. All right C. Don’t worry D. Enjoy yourself (2019甘肃天水)50.—Don’t make noise in class! —_______. A.Sorry, I won’t do it again B.Of course, I will C.That’s OK D.Excuse me, I’m wrong (2019四川眉山) 35. — Could you please help me wash the car, Tony? — . I’m studying for my coming English test now. A. That’s right B. I’m sorry C. It doesn’t matter D. Not at all (2019甘肃天水)38.—What do you think of the environment in your hometown? —It’s ______. Both the air and the water are badly polluted. A.not bad B.as good as before C.much better than before D.not as good as before (2019甘肃天水)49.—Could you tell me how to pay for the food by QR code(二维码)on the phone? —_______. A.Take it easy B.It doesn’t matter C.With pleasure D.You’re welcome (2019江苏苏州)10.—Simon, where do you want to eat? —________. I eat anything. A. I don’t mind B. My Pleasure C. Good idea D. Certainly not (2019江苏宿迁)13. — Would you like to go to Shanghai Disneyland with me in July? — ________. A. Yes, I’d like to. B. It doesn’t matter. C. Have a good time! D. You’re welcome. (2019 山东菏泽)30. —What do you think of the movie The Wandering Earth(《流浪地球》)? —______! I’ve seen it three times and it always gives me something to think about. A. Wonderful B. I cant stand it C. It’s too boring (2019四川遂宁)30.一 I failed the physics test yesterday. 一 ____________. A. Bad luck B. Come on C. But I did well D. Sorry to hear that (2019四川宜宾)30. —Excuse me, sir. Is the swimming pool open all day? —______. Only from 6:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. A. That’s right B. Yes, of course C. Sorry, I’m afraid not (2019甘肃武威、白银)7. —Can I borrow your new comic books? —________ Here they are. A. What’s up? B. What a pity! C. Sure. D. Thank you. (2019甘肃武威、白银)9. —Hello, may I speak to Daisy? —Hi! __________ A. This is Daisy speaking B. She is Daisy. C. What is Daisy? D. That is Daisy. (2019 湖南怀化)29. —It’s a nice day today. Let’s go to the park. — A. Good idea. B. It doesn’t matter. C. Thank you. (2019湖南岳阳)30. —You don’t look well. What’s the matter with you? —______. A. I won the game B. Maybe I have a fever C. That’s too bad (2019四川凉山)40. — Simon, you look smart in the T-shirt. Could you tell me________ it? — OK. I bought it in a store online. A. where you bought B. where do you buy C. when you buy D. when did you buy (2019四川凉山)41.— I’m afraid I can’t do well in the game. —_____ It’s just for fun. A. Take it easy. B. Sounds great. C. Thank you. D. What a pity (2019四川南充) 30. —Susan, would you like another cake? — _________. I’m full. A. Yes, please B. My pleasure C. No, thanks D. Not at all (2019浙江温州) 10. —Tony, hurry up and don’t forget to lock the door. —________. I’m getting my coat. A. Wait a minute B. No deal C. Nothing serious D. Bad luck (2019安徽)31. — Mum, I’ve got the first prize in the speech competition. — ______, my boy! A. Well done B. My pleasure C. Good luck D. It’s hard to say (2019安徽)45. — Sorry, I took the wrong seat. —_______, I will take yours instead. A. No way B. Better not C. Excuse me D. That’s all right (2019江苏连云港)15. — I don’t know what to say at the interview. — _________. Just be polite and answer honestly. A. Don’t mention it B. It’s a pleasure C. Don’t worry D. OK, thanks (2019江苏南京)15. —Shall we go camping to celebrate our graduation? —_____. Let’s make a plan first. A. No way B. Good idea C. It’s nothing D. I don’t think so (2019山东滨州)34. — I always feel nervous the night before the English test. — _______. I’m sure you can make it. A. Take it easy B. Good idea C. It sounds cool D. I’m glad to hear that (2019 四川乐山) 21. —I’m afraid I can’t do well in the running race. I might let my classmates down. —________. You don’t need to push yourself too hard. A. What a pity B. Take it easy C. It’s a pleasure (2019四川自贡)30. —Mum,I don’t have anybody to play with. Can I have a pet? — Our apartment is too small. A. Why not? B. I hope so. C. I’m afraid not. (2019天津)35. —Will you join in the discussion tomorrow? —______ Maybe I’ll have a meeting. A. Well, I’m not sure. B. That’ll be great! C. Certainly. D. You’re welcome. (2019广西桂林)32. —Can you drive on the right-hand side of the road in China? —______. That’s a rule. A. Yes, we can B. Yes, we must C. Yes, we should (2019广西北部湾)31.—Nice to meet you. —__________ A. I’m fine. B. No problem. C. I don’t agree. D. Nice to meet you too. (2019 广西北部湾)38. —Must I hand in the homework right now? — _______ That’s the rule. A. Yes, you can. B. No, you can’t. C. Yes, you must D. No, you mustn’t. (2019广西河池)40. — We have won the first prize in the singing competition! —________. A. Have a good trip B. Wait a moment C. Never mind D. Congratulations (2019贵州黔南、黔东南、黔西南)29. — I take the magazine out of the reading room? —I’m sorry you . A. Could; couldn’t B. Must; couldn’t C. will; can’t D. May; can’t (2019贵州黔南、黔东南、黔西南)35. —Jesse, I really love your Chinese handwriting. — . A. Thank you B. Don’t say that C. I don’t think so D. You are welcome (2019黑龙江龙东) 16. —Would you mind repeating what you said,Diana? — . A. No, of course not B. No, I wouldn’t C. Good idea (2019江苏常州)10. — How would you like your coffee, madam? — _________. A. I like it very much B. With some milk, please C. No, thanks D. Yes, it smells good (2019湖北黄石) 34.—It’s nearly lunch time. How about having some noodles and dumplings? —_________. A. You’re welcome B. That’s all right C. That’s nice of you D. That sounds good (2019贵州毕节)30.—Jesse, I really love your Chinese handwriting. —______. A. Thank you B. Don’t say that C. I don’t think so D. You are welcome (2019四川广元) 20.—Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? —__________. I must look after my grandmother. A. Sorry, I can’t B. Yes, I’d love to C. Let’s go (2019 广东)45. —The weather report says we will expect a sunny day tomorrow. — ______. I am going to go climbing with my classmates. A. Bad luck B. I hope so C. Sounds terrible D. I’m afraid so (2019 湖北鄂州) 25.—I don’t like the short story The Gifts. I think it’s too old. —________. Although it may be out of date, I still think it’s moving. A. I don’t think so B. It doesn’t matter C. You’re welcome D. That’s all right (2019 湖北孝感)38.—I had a good time in the study trip last week. —_____. A. With pleasure. B. Thank you. C. OK! D. I’m glad to hear that. (2019 湖北宜昌) 27.—Yang Ming, could you please teach me Chinese? —___________. A. Not at all B. It is a big deal C. With pleasure D. That’s all right (2019 湖北宜昌) 31.——More and more people prefer to walk rather than ride in cars. ——___________. Walking is good for health. A. So they are B. So are they C. So they do D. So do they (2019湖南湘西)32.?—Andy?has?a?headache?and?can’t?go?to?school?today. —________.?I?hope?he’ll?be?well?soon. A.?That’s?great?? B.?It?doesn’t?matter? C.?I’m?sorry?to?hear?that (2019江苏泰州)13.— Sorry, Mrs Smith. I am late. — _______. Please go to your seat. A. All right B. With pleasure C. That’ s OK D. You’re welcome (2019江苏无锡)14. — The actor says he’ll celebrate his 28th birthday next week. His fans... — _______. That can’t be right. I’m pretty sure he was born in 1985. A.No kidding B. Sure he will C. Never mind D. Wait a minute (2019 江苏盐城)13. —WeChat makes communication much easier. — _________ We can in touch with each other anytime and anywhere. A. With pleasure. B. I can’t agree more. C. What a shame! D. Don’t mention it. (2019江苏扬州)14. — All of Audrey Hepburn’s films are wonderful. — _______. Especially Roman Holiday. A. I can’t agree more B. That’s not the case C. That’s not the point D. Don’t mention it (2019四川内江)30. —Shall we go to the supermarket after school? I need to buy something. — ________ Let’s meet at the school gate at 5:00 p.m. A. It doesn’t matter. B. Are you OK? C. Why not? D. That’s all right. (2019贵州铜仁)25. —Long time no see_________? —Very well. Thanks a lot. A. How old are you B. How are you doing C. Where have you been D. What are you doing (2019内蒙古呼和浩特)10. —Will you do any cleaning in the park this Sunday? —_____! I do so every Sunday. A. Nice work B. No shouting C. You bet D. In with a chance (2019湖北黄冈)35. —The game is too hard for me. I will certainly lose. — _______. You should never say no before you try. A. Forget it! B. Come on! C. I’m sorry. D. Pardon me? (2019 湖北随州) 35.—I think my English teacher is nice. —______. He can make his class interesting. A. I’m afraid not B. I think so C. I don’t think so D. I’m not sure (2019湖北武汉)26. —Mum, I failed the exam again. — _______. A. I’m sorry, too B. Not at all C. Hard to say D. Don’t worry (2019湖北武汉)27. —May I help you, young lady? — _______. A. Good for you B. Well done C. Yes, please D. Take it easy (2019湖北武汉) 28. —Please mind your head, sir. — _______. A. It doesn’t matter B. Thanks a lot C. Don’t mention it D. I’m afraid not PAGE 12019年中考真题分类汇编 情景交际专题 含解析 (2019 辽宁抚顺)15. —________? — I need some music CDs. A. What’s wrong B. Can I help you C. How much are the CDs D. Are you all right 15. B 考查交际用语。根据答语“我需要一些唱片”可知,问句是服务用语“我可以帮助你吗?”故选B。 (2019辽宁葫芦岛)15. —My parents will take me to Shanghai Disneyland this summer holiday. —_________. A Good luck to you B. It’s a good idea C. Best wishes to you D. Have a good time 15.D 考查情景交际之请求允许。句意:——今年暑假我父母会带我去上海迪斯尼乐园。 ——祝你玩得愉快。Good luck to you祝你好运;It’s a good idea是个好主意;Best wishes to you给你最深的祝福;Have a good time祝你玩得愉快。根据语境,故选D。 (2019辽宁锦州) 1.—Could you help me with my English after school? —__________. A. It’s a pleasure. B. With pleasure. C. You’re welcome. D. OK, I could 1. B 考查情景交际之请求。句意:——放学后你能帮助我学习英语吗?——愿意效劳。It’s a pleasure.别客气;With pleasure. 愿意效劳;You’re welcome. 不客气;OK, I could. 好吧,我能。With pleasure用来回答别人对你的“请求”。could 一般不用于答语中。 (2019 辽宁辽阳) 15.?—?Jimmy,?could?you?please?help?me?in?the?garden? —______,?Mom.?I’m?coming. ?A. Sure?? B.?I’m?sorry? ?C.?Go?ahead?? D.?That’s?right. 15. A考查情景交际。句意:——吉米,你能来花园帮我吗?——_____,妈妈。我就来。Sure肯定,当然;I’m?sorry抱歉,Go?ahead向前走,?That’s?right正确的。sure合乎语境,故选A。 (2019辽宁铁岭) 15. —Would you like to watch a movie with me after the exam? —_______. A. It doesn’t matter B. You’re welcome C. Yes, I’d love to D. Enjoy yourself 15. C考查交际答语。句意:—考试后你想和我一起看电影吗? -是的,我非常乐意。故选C。 (2019云南曲靖) 21. — Good luck to you in the exam! — ________. A. Good idea B. OK C. Thank you D. Take it away 21. C 考查情景交际。句意:——祝你考试顺利!——______。从语境可知祝福某人办事顺利,故回答“谢谢”。故选C。 (2019云南曲靖) 30. — Nowadays, most students are under too much pressure. — ________. They need time to relax and think for themselves. A. I disagree B. I do agree with you C. It’s very kind of you D. It’s doesn’t matter 30. B 考查情景交际。句意:——如今,大部分学生都存在巨大的压力。——______。他们需要时间放松和做自己想做的事情。从题干语境提示“需要时间放松和做自己想做的事情”可知“我很赞同你的观点”符合语境要求。故选B。 (2019云南) 25. —Must I wear the school uniform on school days? —_______. It’s one of the school rules. A. It’s beautiful. B. I don’t think so. C. I’m afraid so D. It fits you well. 25. C 考查情景交际。It’s beautiful很好看;I don’t think so我不这么认为;I’m afraid so 恐怕如此;It fits you well.它很适合你。句意:———我上学时必须穿校服吗?——恐怕如此吧,那是学校的一项规定。根据语境,故选C。 (2019云南) 28. —Sorry, Miss Wang. I broke a glass by accident while I was cleaning the table. —______. Please be more careful next time. A. It’s nothing B. All right C. I know D. Sure 28. A 考查情景交际。句意:——对不起,王老师,我在收拾桌子时不小心打碎了杯子。——没什么,下次小心就是。It’s nothing没什么;All right没关系,不用谢;I know我知道;Sure当然。根据语境,故选A。 (2019 辽宁本溪)15.—I am afraid I’m too tired to walk on. —_________. I believe you can do it. A. That’s for sure B. I hope so C. Come on D. All right 15.C考查情景交际。句意:——我恐怕太累了以至于不能继续走了。——加油。我相信你能行。that’s for sure那当然;I hope so我希望如此;come on加油,快点;all right可以。根据语境知,答语是在鼓励继续往前走,故选C。 (2019云南昆明) 22. —Gina, could you please play the drums on the art festival? — __________. I can only play the guitar. A. I’m afraid I can’t B. Yes, I can C. Sure, I’d love to D. Not bad 22. A 考查交际用语。句意:——吉娜,你能在艺术节上敲鼓吗?——_______。我只会弹吉他。I’m afraid I can’t. 恐怕我不能;Yes, I can. 是的,我会;Sure, I’d love to. 好的,我愿意;Not bad. 不错。根据句意“我只会弹吉他”知所缺句子应为“恐怕我不能”。故选A。 (2019云南昆明) 24. —I will take part in an English writing competition this Sunday. I feel nervous. —__________! A. What a pity B. Look out C. Congratulations D. Take it easy 24. D 考查交际用语。句意:——这个星期天我将参加英语写作比赛。我感到紧张。——____。What a pity! 表示“真遗憾”;Look out! 表示“小心”;Congratulations!表示“祝贺”;Take it easy! 表示“别紧张;放松”。根据句意可知选D。 (2019云南昆明) 30. —You looked unhappy just now. ________? —I missed the school bus and arrived late for class. A. What did you eat for lunch B. How was your picnic C. What happened to you D. How did you go there 30. C 考查交际用语。句意:——你刚才看起来不高兴。_______? ——我误了校车并且上课迟到了。选项A意为“你午饭吃了什么”;选项B意为“你的野餐怎么样”;选项C意为“你发生什么事了”; 选项D意为“你怎么去那里的”。根据上下文句意可知选C。 (2019 广西贵港) 45.—Would you like to go to the movie with me tonight? —_________. See you then. A. No problem B. I’m not free C. Yes, please D. I’m not sure 45.B考查情境交际。句意:——今天晚上你愿意和我一起与看电影吗?——没问题。到时候见。No problem意为“没问题”;I’m not free“我没有空定”;Yes, please“是的,请”;I’m not sure“我不能确定”。根据答语中的动词“See you then”可知这里表示“痛快答应”。故选A。 (2019海南) 30. —Excuse me, _______ ? —It’s June 26th, 2019. A. what is the date B. whose is the bike C. how is the weather 30. A考查情景交际。由答语“2019年6月26日”,可推断问句询问的是日期。A项意为“几号;B项意为“自行车是谁的”;C项意为“天气如何”。故选A。 (2019黑龙江大庆)15. —We are going to invite foreign friends to take part in the celebration of the 70th anniversary of China. —______! A. That’s amazing B. That’s all right C. Good luck D. Enjoy yourself 15. D 考查情景交际。句意:——我们要邀请外国友人参加庆祝中国成立70周年纪念活动。 ——___!由上句中的take part in the celebration of the 70th anniversary of China可知,答语应该是“玩得开心”之类的祝福语。That’s amazing真让人惊讶,不可思议;That’s all right不用谢,没关系;Good luck祝你走运;Enjoy yourself玩得高兴,过得愉快。故选D项。 (2019江苏南通)15. —Why not hold a Chinese Poetry Competition to welcome our motherland’s 70th birthday? — ________. Let’s make a plan together in our group. · A. That’s all right B. Yes, please C. Good idea D. Never mind 15. C 考查交际用语 句意:——为什么不举办一场诗歌比赛庆祝我们祖国七十周岁的华诞呢?——好主意!我们不组一起制定一个计划吧。Why not …?表示建议。That’s all right不用谢;Yes, please 是的,请;Good idea 好主意;Never mind没关系。 (2019江苏镇江) 14.—My computer has caught a virus and it has gone wrong. —__________ A.I’m sorry to hear that. B. Don’t mention it. C. It doesn’t matter. D. I’m sure it can work. 14.A 考查情景交际。I’m sorry to hear that. 我很遗憾听到这个消息。Don’t mention it.别客气;不用谢;It doesn’t matter.没关系;I’m sure it can work.我相信这能行。根据上文“我的电脑感染了病毒,出了问题”推断下文应该是“我很遗憾听到这个消息”。故选A。 (2019云南) 21. —The final exam is coming. I hope all is well with you. —Thanks. ______. A. My pleasure B. You, too C. Sounds good D. It’s wonderful. 21. B考查情景交际。句意:——期末考试就要到了。我希望你一切都好。——谢谢,你也是。My pleasure不用谢;You, too你也是;Sounds good听起来不错;It’s wonderful好极了。根据语境,故选B。 (2019内蒙古包头) 21. —Hey, are you free for dinner tonight? —______. My cousins are on the way, and I’ll have dinner with them tonight. A. Take your time. B. I’m sorry, no. C. Well done. D. Why not? 21. B考查交际用语。Take your time. 别急,慢慢来; I’m sorry, no. 抱歉,没有(空) ;Well done. 干得太棒了;Why not?为什么不。前句意为:嘿,今晚上你有空一起吃晚饭吗?后句空格后意为:我的表兄弟们要来,今晚我和他们一起用餐。推知空出处是回绝对方的邀请,表示没空。故选B。 (2019内蒙古包头)35. —Wasn’t Bob supposed to be here? —______. He will be here in five minutes. A. No wonder B. All right C. Don’t worry D. Enjoy yourself 35. C 考查交际用语。No wonder 难怪;All right 好,可以; Don’t worry 不要担心; Enjoy yourself祝你过得愉快。Wasn’t Bob supposed to be here?意为:难道鲍勃不应该到这里了吗?He will be there in five minutes. 意为:五分钟后他就到这里。推知空格处为:不要担心。故选C。 (2019甘肃天水)50.—Don’t make noise in class! —_______. A.Sorry, I won’t do it again B.Of course, I will C.That’s OK D.Excuse me, I’m wrong 50.A考查情景交际。句意:——课上不要喧哗!——对不起,我不会再做了。Sorry, I won’t do it again对不起,我不会再做了;Of course, I will当然,我会的;That’s OK那很好;Excuse me, I’m wrong抱歉,我错了。根据语境,故选A。 (2019四川眉山) 35. — Could you please help me wash the car, Tony? — . I’m studying for my coming English test now. A. That’s right B. I’m sorry C. It doesn’t matter D. Not at all 35.B 考查情景交际。根据答语“我正在为接下来的英语测试做准备”,可知对方不能帮助洗车了,应用I’m sorry。故选B。 (2019甘肃天水)38.—What do you think of the environment in your hometown? —It’s ______. Both the air and the water are badly polluted. A.not bad B.as good as before C.much better than before D.not as good as before 38.D考查形容词原级比较及情景交际。句意:——你觉得你家乡的环境怎么样?——不如以前好。空气和水都被严重污染了。not bad不坏;as good as before和以前一样好;much better than before比以前更好;not as good as before没有以前好。由Both the air and the water are badly polluted.可知,家乡环境没有以前好,故选D。 (2019甘肃天水)49.—Could you tell me how to pay for the food by QR code(二维码)on the phone? —_______. A.Take it easy B.It doesn’t matter C.With pleasure D.You’re welcome 49.C考查情景交际。句意:——你能告诉我如何用手机上的二维码支付食物费用吗?——乐意效劳。Take it easy放轻松;It doesn’t matter没关系;With pleasure不用谢,乐意效劳;You’re welcome不客气。根据语境,故选C。 (2019江苏苏州)10.—Simon, where do you want to eat? —________. I eat anything. A. I don’t mind B. My Pleasure C. Good idea D. Certainly not 10. A 考查情景交际。I don’t mind我不介意;My pleasure不客气;Good idea好主意;Certainly not肯定不。问句询问“你想去哪里吃饭”,答语回答“我什么都吃”,故此处表示“我不介意”,故选A。 (2019江苏宿迁)13. — Would you like to go to Shanghai Disneyland with me in July? — ________. A. Yes, I’d like to. B. It doesn’t matter. C. Have a good time! D. You’re welcome. 13. A 考查交际用语。由Would you like...引导的问句“七月你想与我一起去上海迪斯尼乐园吗?”可知用I’d like to回答。B项意为“没有关系”;C项意为“祝你玩得愉快”;D项意为“不用谢”。故选A。 (2019 山东菏泽)30. —What do you think of the movie The Wandering Earth(《流浪地球》)? —______! I’ve seen it three times and it always gives me something to think about. A. Wonderful B. I cant stand it C. It’s too boring 30. A 考查情景交际之喜欢与不喜欢。句意:——你觉得电影《流浪地球》如何?——______!我看三次了,并且它总是给我一些需要思考的东西。Wonderful好极了; I can’t stand it我不能容忍;It’s too boring太枯燥了。从答语后一句知,应答者看这部电影三次了,这说明他喜欢这部电影。故选A。 (2019四川遂宁)30.一 I failed the physics test yesterday. 一 ____________. A. Bad luck B. Come on C. But I did well D. Sorry to hear that 30. D 考查情景交际。句意:我昨天的物理考试不及格。听到这个,应该表示遗憾。故选D。 (2019四川宜宾)30. —Excuse me, sir. Is the swimming pool open all day? —______. Only from 6:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. A. That’s right B. Yes, of course C. Sorry, I’m afraid not 30. C 考查交际用语。句意:——打扰一下,先生。这个游泳池全天开放吗?——对不起,恐怕不是的。只在下午六点半到九点半开放。That’s right 没错;Yes, of course是的,当然了;Sorry, I’m afraid not对不起,恐怕不是的。根据Only from 6:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m.可知选C。 (2019甘肃武威、白银)7. —Can I borrow your new comic books? —________ Here they are. A. What’s up? B. What a pity! C. Sure. D. Thank you. 7. C 考查交际用语。What’s up怎么了;What a pity!真遗憾;Sure.当然;Thank you.谢谢你。问句是“—我能借你的新漫画书吗?”根据答语中的“给你”可知,后者同意将漫画书借给对方,故选C。 (2019甘肃武威、白银)9. —Hello, may I speak to Daisy? —Hi! __________ A. This is Daisy speaking B. She is Daisy. C. What is Daisy? D. That is Daisy. 9. A 考查交际用语。这是打电话的场景,打电话者要找黛西,答语用选项A合适,意为“我就是黛西”。故选A。 (2019 湖南怀化)29. —It’s a nice day today. Let’s go to the park. — A. Good idea. B. It doesn’t matter. C. Thank you. 29. A 考查情景交际。句意:今天是个好天气。咱们去公园吧。Good idea.好主意;It doesn’t matter. 没关系;Thank you.谢谢你。Let’s go to the park.是表示建议的祈使句,答语应对对方建议提出观点或看法,故选A。 (2019湖南岳阳)30. —You don’t look well. What’s the matter with you? —______. A. I won the game B. Maybe I have a fever C. That’s too bad 30. B考查交际用语。句意:——你看起来不太好。你怎么啦?——那太糟糕了。 I won the game我赢得了比赛;Maybe I have a fever或许我发烧;That’s too bad那太糟糕了,故选B。 (2019四川凉山)40. — Simon, you look smart in the T-shirt. Could you tell me________ it? — OK. I bought it in a store online. A. where you bought B. where do you buy C. when you buy D. when did you buy 40. B 考查情景交际。根据答语中我在网店里买的,可知问句中是问在哪里买的。排除C、 D两项;再根据Could you tell me. . . . 引导的宾语从句中用陈述语序,故选A。 (2019四川凉山)41.— I’m afraid I can’t do well in the game. —_____ It’s just for fun. A. Take it easy. B. Sounds great. C. Thank you. D. What a pity A 考查情景交际。句意:——我担心我在比赛中会表现不好。——放轻松一点,仅仅是娱乐。take it easy 放轻松;sounds great 听起来很棒;thank you谢谢你;what a pity真遗憾!根据语境可知,故选A。 (2019四川南充) 30. —Susan, would you like another cake? — _________. I’m full. A. Yes, please B. My pleasure C. No, thanks D. Not at all 30. C 考查情景交际。对于“Would?you?like sth. ?”提出的建议或要求,肯定回答常用“Yes,?please.”,否定回答常用“No,?thanks.”。由下文“我饱了”可知应用否定回答。故选C。 (2019浙江温州) 10. —Tony, hurry up and don’t forget to lock the door. —________. I’m getting my coat. A. Wait a minute B. No deal C. Nothing serious D. Bad luck 10. A考查情景交际。答语下文“我在拿我的外套”提示用 A项“等一等”,应答上文“托尼,快点,不要忘了锁门”。B项意为“没商量;不成”,C项意为“没有什么严重的”,D项意为“糟糕”,均与语境不符。故选A。 (2019安徽)31. — Mum, I’ve got the first prize in the speech competition. — ______, my boy! A. Well done B. My pleasure C. Good luck D. It’s hard to say 31. A 考查情景交际之赞扬。句意:——妈妈,我在这次演讲比赛中获得了第一名。——______,我的孩子!Well done干得漂亮,表赞扬;My pleasure是我的荣幸,表达激动;Good luck祝你好运,表祝福;It’s hard to say难说,表观点。分析:孩子在比赛中获胜,作为母亲肯定会表达赞扬。故选A。 (2019安徽)45. — Sorry, I took the wrong seat. —_______, I will take yours instead. A. No way B. Better not C. Excuse me D. That’s all right 45. D 考查情景交际之安慰。句意:——抱歉,我坐错了位子。——______,我去坐你的座位。No way没门;Better not最好不要;Excuse me打扰了;That’s all right没关系。从答语后一分句知,应答者原谅了发话者,表示自己去坐对方的座位。由此推知,应答者对发话者的道歉表示了安慰。故选D。 (2019江苏连云港)15. — I don’t know what to say at the interview. — _________. Just be polite and answer honestly. A. Don’t mention it B. It’s a pleasure C. Don’t worry D. OK, thanks 15. C 考查情景交际。句意:——______。礼貌点,诚实点回答。Don’t mention it. 没关系;It’s a pleasure. 不用谢;Don’t worry. 别担心;OK, thanks. 好的,谢谢。根据前句句意“我不知道在采访的时候该说什么。”可知,后句答语应该是安慰对方,故选C。 (2019江苏南京)15. —Shall we go camping to celebrate our graduation? —_____. Let’s make a plan first. A. No way B. Good idea C. It’s nothing D. I don’t think so 15. B 考查情景交际辨析。句意:“我们去野营庆祝毕业好吗?”“好主意。我们先制定一个计划。”第一句是提出建议,用Good idea来应答,符合交际习惯。故选B。 (2019山东滨州)34. — I always feel nervous the night before the English test. — _______. I’m sure you can make it. A. Take it easy B. Good idea C. It sounds cool D. I’m glad to hear that 34. A 考查情景交际。A项“别急,别紧张”;B项“好主意”;C项“听起来很好”;D项“听到那件事我很高兴”。由语境可知,对方在英语考试的前一天晚上感到紧张。故此处用来劝告对方保持平静,不要慌张。A项符合语境。 (2019 四川乐山) 21. —I’m afraid I can’t do well in the running race. I might let my classmates down. —________. You don’t need to push yourself too hard. A. What a pity B. Take it easy C. It’s a pleasure 21. B 考查交际用语。句意:——恐怕我不能在跑步比赛中取得好成绩。我可能会让我的同学失望。——放轻松。你不需要把自己逼得太紧。What a pity. 真遗憾;Take it easy 放轻松;It’s a pleasure 很荣幸。根据“你不需要把自己逼得太紧”,可知应用“放轻松,别紧张”,故选B。 (2019四川自贡)30. —Mum,I don’t have anybody to play with. Can I have a pet? — Our apartment is too small. A. Why not? B. I hope so. C. I’m afraid not. 30. C 考查交际用语。句意:——妈妈,没有人和我一起玩,我可以有一个宠物吗?——恐怕不行,我们的公寓太小了。Why not?为什么不?I hope so. 希望是这样。I’m afraid not. 恐怕不行。根据后面的公寓太小,说明养宠物的可能性不大,故选C。 (2019天津)35. —Will you join in the discussion tomorrow? —______ Maybe I’ll have a meeting. A. Well, I’m not sure. B. That’ll be great! C. Certainly. D. You’re welcome. 35. A 考查交际用语。A项:哦,我不确定;B项:那太好了;C项:当然了;D项:不客气。根据答语后一句可知,此处表示否定性回应。故选A。 (2019广西桂林)32. —Can you drive on the right-hand side of the road in China? —______. That’s a rule. A. Yes, we can B. Yes, we must C. Yes, we should 32. B 考查情景交际。句意为:在中国你可以在道路右侧开车吗?_____。那是规则。由上句中的drive on the right-hand side of the road in China及答语后句That’s a rule.可知,在中国司机必须在道路右侧开车,这是交通规则。情态动词must表示警告、命令等语气。故选B项。 (2019广西北部湾)31.—Nice to meet you. —__________ A. I’m fine. B. No problem. C. I don’t agree. D. Nice to meet you too. 31.D 考查情景交际。 句意:——很高兴见到你。——见到你我也很高兴。当别人说很高兴见到你,你也应该回应“Nice to meet you”表示礼貌。I’m fine我很好;No problem 没问题;I don’t agree 我不同意;Nice to meet you too. 见到你我也很高兴。故选D。 (2019 广西北部湾)38. —Must I hand in the homework right now? — _______ That’s the rule. A. Yes, you can. B. No, you can’t. C. Yes, you must D. No, you mustn’t. 38.C 考查情景交际。 句意:——我必须现在上交作业吗?——是的,必须。这是规定。 A项意为“是的,你能”;B项意为“不,你不能”;D 项意为“不,你千万不要”。由答语中的后一句“That’s the rule.”可知此处要用肯定回答,并且要与问句中的情态动词保持一致。故选C。 (2019广西河池)40. — We have won the first prize in the singing competition! —________. A. Have a good trip B. Wait a moment C. Never mind D. Congratulations 40. D考查交际用语的用法。句意:我们在歌唱比赛中得了一等奖!别人获奖应该表达祝贺。have a good trip路途愉快,wait a moment稍等,never mind没关系,congratulations祝贺。故选D。 (2019贵州黔南、黔东南、黔西南)29. — I take the magazine out of the reading room? —I’m sorry you . A. Could; couldn’t B. Must; couldn’t C. will; can’t D. May; can’t 29.D考查情景交际之请求允许。——我可以将杂志拿出阅读室吗?——很遗憾,你不能。第一个空表示请求允许,应用may;由第二个空前面的sorry可知此空表示禁止,用用can’t。故选D。 (2019贵州黔南、黔东南、黔西南)35. —Jesse, I really love your Chinese handwriting. — . A. Thank you B. Don’t say that C. I don’t think so D. You are welcome 35.A考查情景交际。当别人夸奖自己时,要说谢谢。故选A。 (2019黑龙江龙东) 16. —Would you mind repeating what you said,Diana? — . A. No, of course not B. No, I wouldn’t C. Good idea 16. A 考查情景交际。句意:Diana,你介意把你说的再说一遍吗?Would you mind…?句型的肯定回答用No,of course not. / No,certainly not. / No,not at all.表示“不介意”或“同意”,故选A。 (2019江苏常州)10. — How would you like your coffee, madam? — _________. A. I like it very much B. With some milk, please C. No, thanks D. Yes, it smells good 10. B 考查情景交际。上文句意“你想要要什么样的咖啡,女士?”提示答语B项“请加一些牛奶”,能应答上文。特殊疑问句不用yes或no回答,排除C、D;A项是How do you like...或What do you think of...的答语,故选B。 (2019湖北黄石) 34.—It’s nearly lunch time. How about having some noodles and dumplings? —_________. A. You’re welcome B. That’s all right C. That’s nice of you D. That sounds good 34. D 考查提出建议句型的回答。you are welcome不用谢;that’s all right不用谢;that’s nice of you你真好;that sounds good听起来不错。上文提出建议混吃面条和饺子怎么样,答语用that sounds good。故选D。 (2019贵州毕节)30.—Jesse, I really love your Chinese handwriting. —______. A. Thank you B. Don’t say that C. I don’t think so D. You are welcome 30. A 考查情景对话。句意:——Jesse,我真的很喜欢你的中文书法。——谢谢!Thank you谢谢;Don’t say that。不要说;I don’t think so。我不这么想;You’re welcome.你是受欢迎的;根据前句,可知答语,故选A。 (2019四川广元) 20.—Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? —__________. I must look after my grandmother. A. Sorry, I can’t B. Yes, I’d love to C. Let’s go 20. A 考查情景交际。句意:——你周六下午能来参加我的聚会吗?——_______ 我必须照顾我的奶奶。A项表示拒绝;B项表示乐意接受;C项表示建议。根据答语中第二句“I must look after my grandmother.”可知前一句应表示对邀请的拒绝。故选A。 (2019 广东)45. —The weather report says we will expect a sunny day tomorrow. — ______. I am going to go climbing with my classmates. A. Bad luck B. I hope so C. Sounds terrible D. I’m afraid so 45. B 考查情景交际之意愿与打算。句意:——天气预报说,明天我们会迎来一个晴天。——______,我打算与我的同学去攀爬。Bad luck倒霉;I hope so我希望如此;Sounds terrible听起来可怕;I’m afraid so恐怕是如此。从答语后一分句意思知,应答者对于明天是晴天的消息表达了自己的意愿“希望明天是晴天”。故选B。 (2019 湖北鄂州) 25.—I don’t like the short story The Gifts. I think it’s too old. —________. Although it may be out of date, I still think it’s moving. A. I don’t think so B. It doesn’t matter C. You’re welcome D. That’s all right 25.A考查情景交际。句意:——我不喜欢《致命礼物》这个短故事。我认为它太旧了。——我不这么认为。尽管它可能过时了,但是我仍然认为它很感人。由答语中“I still think it’s moving”可知回答者持不同观点,而B项表示“没关系”,C项和D项均表示“不客气”,均不符合语境。故选A。 (2019 湖北孝感)38.—I had a good time in the study trip last week. —_____. A. With pleasure. B. Thank you. C. OK! D. I’m glad to hear that. 38. D 考查情景交际。句意:——上周我在游学中玩得很开心。——很高兴听到这个消息。 With pleasure.愿意效劳;Thank you.谢谢;OK!好的;I’m glad to hear that. 很高兴听到这个消息。根据语境答案是D。 (2019 湖北宜昌) 27.—Yang Ming, could you please teach me Chinese? —___________. A. Not at all B. It is a big deal C. With pleasure D. That’s all right 27. C 考查情景交际。句意:——杨明,你能教我汉语吗?——______。Not at all不客气;It is a big deal 一言为定;With pleasure我很乐意;That’s all right不客气。问句是提出的一个请求,回答应为肯定或否定;而交际用语语气要委婉。C项表示答应对方请求,符合语境。其他三项均不用于回答请求,故选C。 (2019 湖北宜昌) 31.——More and more people prefer to walk rather than ride in cars. ——___________. Walking is good for health. A. So they are B. So are they C. So they do D. So do they 31. C 考查情景交际。句意:——比起开车来越来越多的人更喜欢散步。——确实如此,散步有利于健康。由答语可知,后者赞同前者的说法,意为“他们的确是这样”,表示“某人的确……”,用“So+主语+助动词”结构表示,根据prefer to walk可知时态是一般现在时,助动词用do。故选C。 (2019湖南湘西)32.?—Andy?has?a?headache?and?can’t?go?to?school?today. —________.?I?hope?he’ll?be?well?soon. A.?That’s?great?? B.?It?doesn’t?matter? C.?I’m?sorry?to?hear?that 32. C 考查情景交际。句意:——安迪今天头痛,不能去上学。——听到这个消息我很遗憾,希望他很快会好起来。That’s?great好极了;It?doesn’t?matter没关系;I’m?sorry?to?hear?that听到这个我很遗憾。在英语中,听到不好的消息时,常用用礼貌用语I’m?sorry?to?hear?that,结合上句可知应选C。 (2019江苏泰州)13.— Sorry, Mrs Smith. I am late. — _______. Please go to your seat. A. All right B. With pleasure C. That’ s OK D. You’re welcome 13.C考查情景交际。All right“好吧”;With pleasure“我很乐意”;That’ s OK“没关系”;You’re welcome“不用谢”。根据上句中回答sorry和下句中Please go to your seat.确定表示“没关系”要用That’ s OK。故选C。 (2019江苏无锡)14. — The actor says he’ll celebrate his 28th birthday next week. His fans... — _______. That can’t be right. I’m pretty sure he was born in 1985. A.No kidding B. Sure he will C. Never mind D. Wait a minute 14. A 考查情景交际。下文“那个不对。我非常确信他出生在1985年。”提示用No kidding“不要开玩笑”,应答上文句意“那个演员说他下周庆祝他二十八岁生日。”sure he will他当然会;never mind没关系;wait a minute稍等片刻。故选A。 (2019 江苏盐城)13. —WeChat makes communication much easier. — _________ We can in touch with each other anytime and anywhere. A. With pleasure. B. I can’t agree more. C. What a shame! D. Don’t mention it. 13. B 考查情景交际辨析。句意:“微信让沟通更容易。”“我完全同意。我们可以随时随地联系。”With pleasure.很高兴;I can’t agree more. 我完全同意;What a shame!真可惜;Don’t mention it.别客气。故选B。 【易错提示】can’t ... more 的字面意思是“不能再高”, “不能超越”。 I can’t agree more 是说 我百分之百同意! 我同意! (2019江苏扬州)14. — All of Audrey Hepburn’s films are wonderful. — _______. Especially Roman Holiday. A. I can’t agree more B. That’s not the case C. That’s not the point D. Don’t mention it 14. A 考查交际用语。I can’t agree more我非常赞同;That’s not the case情况不是这样的;That’s not the point那不是重点;Don’t mention it别客气。根据第一句句意“奥黛丽赫本的所有电影都很棒”可知,答语是赞同上句的观点,故选A。 (2019四川内江)30. —Shall we go to the supermarket after school? I need to buy something. — ________ Let’s meet at the school gate at 5:00 p.m. A. It doesn’t matter. B. Are you OK? C. Why not? D. That’s all right. 30. C 考查情景交际。——放学后,我们去超市好吗?我需要买点东西。——为什么不呢?让我们下午五点在学校大门口见面吧。It doesn’t matter.没关系,Are you OK你还好吗?Why not为什么不呢?That’s all right不用谢,根据句意可知选C。 (2019贵州铜仁)25. —Long time no see_________? —Very well. Thanks a lot. A. How old are you B. How are you doing C. Where have you been D. What are you doing 25.B考查情景交际。How old are you 你多大了?Where have you been 你去哪了?What are you doing你在干什么?How are you doing你好吗?根据答语“非常好。谢谢!”可知问句应该问“好久不见,你好吗?”。故选B。 (2019内蒙古呼和浩特)10. —Will you do any cleaning in the park this Sunday? —_____! I do so every Sunday. A. Nice work B. No shouting C. You bet D. In with a chance 10. C 考查情景交际。句意:——这个星期天你将在公园打扫卫生吗?—当然了!我每个星期天都这样做。Nice work干得好;No shouting禁止呼喊;You bet当然,的确,真的;In with a chance有机会。根据答语中“我每个星期天都做”可知横线处表达“当然”的意思。故选C。 (2019湖北黄冈)35. —The game is too hard for me. I will certainly lose. — _______. You should never say no before you try. A. Forget it! B. Come on! C. I’m sorry. D. Pardon me? 35. B 考查情景交际。句意:——这个游戏对我来说太难了,我一定会输。——加油!尝试之前不要说不。forget it忘记它!come on加油! I’m sorry. 抱歉。Pardon me? 可以再说一遍吗?根据语境可知选B。 (2019 湖北随州) 35.—I think my English teacher is nice. —______. He can make his class interesting. A. I’m afraid not B. I think so C. I don’t think so D. I’m not sure 35. B考查情景交际。句意:“我认为我的英语老师很好。”“________。他能让他的课很有趣”。I’m afraid not意为“我恐怕不行”;I think so“我认为是这样的”;I don’t think so“我不这样认为”;I’m not sure“我不能确定”。“my English teacher is nice”和“He can make his class interesting”前后观点一致,都是赞美老师,故用 I think so。故选B。 (2019湖北武汉)26. —Mum, I failed the exam again. — _______. A. I’m sorry, too B. Not at all C. Hard to say D. Don’t worry 26. D 考查情景问答。根据上文句子可知“我”考试再一次失败了,所以妈妈的回答要安慰“我”。根据四个选项的意思:A是我也感到抱歉;B是不客气;C是很难说;D是不要担心,故选D。 (2019湖北武汉)27. —May I help you, young lady? — _______. A. Good for you B. Well done C. Yes, please D. Take it easy 27. C 考查情景问答语。上句句意:年轻的女士,我可以帮助你吗? A的意思是好样的;B是做得好;C是的,请;D是别着急。故选C。 (2019湖北武汉) 28. —Please mind your head, sir. — _______. A. It doesn’t matter B. Thanks a lot C. Don’t mention it D. I’m afraid not 28. B 考查情景问答语。上句句意是:先生,请小心你的头。对于别人的好心提醒,要表示感谢。A是没关系;B是非常感谢;C是别客气;D是恐怕不是。故选B。 PAGE 1

  • ID:4-6187108 2019年中考真题分类汇编 宾语从句专题 含解析

    初中英语/中考专区/真题分类汇编

    2019年中考真题分类汇编 宾语从句专题 (2019 辽宁辽阳) 14.?—?Excuse?me,?do?you?know ______??I’ve?just?missed?my?train. —Yes.?There?is?one?in?10?minutes. A.?how?I?can?get?to?the?train?station?? B.?if?there’s?another?train?later C.?when?I?should?arrive?at?the?train?station?? D?how?much?a?train?ticket?costs (2019辽宁铁岭) 14.—Could you please tell me _______? —Sure. Go to the third floor, please. A. which postcards I should take B. what kind of postcards you have C. when I should pay for the postcards D. where I can get some postcards (2019 辽宁抚顺)14. — Hi, Alice. I wonder ________. — I often go swimming in the sport center. A. where you skate B. What you do on the weekend C. when you exercise D. whether you enjoy your weekend (2019广西梧州)38. — Bill, what did the teacher say to you? — She asked me______. A. How would I solve the problem B. whether I was ready for the task C. why I look excited D.What time did I get home (2019辽宁葫芦岛)14. —I wonder ________. —I’m not sure, but I hope so. It has been dry for two months. A if it will rain tomorrow B. why it doesn’t rain (2019辽宁锦州)4. —What did Betty say to you a moment ago, Jim? —She wanted to know ______. A. what will my family do this weekend B. who did I play the piano with just now C. why I am late for the class meeting D. if I could go shopping with her this evening (2019贵州贵阳) 44. Johnny made up his mind to give up smoking. He is thinking about _____. A. how he can make it B. how can he make it C. how will he make it (2019云南昆明) 33. In order to take a pleasant trip to Kunming, Dave emailed me to ask _______. A. what was Kunming most famous for B. what Kunming was most famous for C. whether is summer a good time to come D. whether summer is a good time to come (2019辽宁盘锦)10. — Excuse me, could you tell me _______? — Go along this road to the bus station, and take Bus No. 31. A. where is the Rice Museum B. which the way to the Rice Museum was C. how I can get to the Rice Museum D. whether is the Rice Museum near here (2019山东日照) 10. —Can you tell me ______? —Sure. You can take the K2 bus. A. where the high-speed rail station is B. where is the high-speed rail station C. how I can get to the high-speed rail station D. how can I get to the high-speed rail station (2019云南) 35. The old lady wanted to know______ . A. where is the station’s waiting room B. where was the station’s waiting room C. where the station’s waiting room is D. where the station’s waiting room was (2019黑龙江齐齐哈尔)10. Which of the following sentences is correct? A. I wonder what’s the matter with her. B. My mother asked me what I do with my pocket money. C. Could you please tell me where is the nearest hospital? (2019 广西贵港) 44.—Could you please tell me _________ ? —Yes. He went there by plane last week.. A. where Mr. Brown will go B. how Mr. Brown went to Beijing C. how long Mr. Brown has been in Beijing D. when did Mr. Brown go to Beijing (2019广西贺州)40. — What did Mary say to you just now, Alan? — She asked __________. A. if I could go to the museum with her tomorrow B. why I am so sad today C. who did I play volleyball with after school D. what will I do on the weekend (2019广西玉林) 35. —Ben, could you tell me ? —He’s my cousin from Shenzhen. A. who he is B. where is he C. who is he D. where he is (2019海南) 40. —Sandy, do you know _______ ? —Yes. Some news about black holes. A. what Tom is searching for B. what is Tom searching for C. who Tom is searching for (2019黑龙江大庆)12. Excuse me, could you tell me ______? A. where is the railway station B. how can I get to the railway station C. when the railway station is D. how do I get to the railway station (2019黑龙江绥化)7. Grace wonders ________ she should do next. A. how B. what C. that (2019江苏南通)14.—Could you please tell me ________? —With pleasure. Wait a moment, please. A. if the scarf looked nice on me B. what’s the new product like C. that Guilin is worth visiting D. how I can order a robot online (2019 江苏镇江) 15.—Do you believe that humans could live on Mars? — I don’t think_________. A. if it comes true B. that it will come true C. why it will come true D. how does it come true (2019山东东营) 35. — Do you know ________? —I’m not sure. Maybe next year. A. if Dongying High-speed Train Station will be built B. where Dongying High-speed Train Station will be built C. when we will build Dongying High-speed Train Station D. why the government decided to build Dongying High-speed Train Station (2019四川眉山) 25.—What did Tom say to you just now, John? —He asked . A. what I am so happy today B. what will I do for the weekend C. who did I play football with after school D. if I could go to the movies with him tonight (2019甘肃天水)45.—I don’t know if Sam _______ tomorrow. —Don’t worry.I will tell you as soon as he ______. A.will come, comes B.comes, will come C.will come, will come D.comes, comes (2019四川达州) 34.—Linda, could you remember _____? —Have you forgotten we agreed to go to Hongkong? A.where are we going after the exam B. where we are going after exam C. where are we going to after the exam D. where are we going to after exam (2019 四川遂宁)25. Could you tell me _______? A. when will they leave Beijing B. when would they leave Beijing C. when they will leave Beijing D. when they would leave Beijing (2019四川宜宾)29. She is so pleased with ______ he has done _____ she keeps praising him. A. what; that B. that; what C. that; that (2019甘肃武威、白银) 5. I wonder _________ Tom had a good time having a picnic yesterday. A. that B. if C. what D. which (2019 湖南怀化)30. —Your sweater looks nice. Could you tell me ? —Of course. Just at the stop near my school. A. where do you buy it B. where did you buy it C. where you bought it (2019江苏宿迁)14. — What did Mr. Wang ask you just now? — He asked me ________ yesterday afternoon. A. why I am absent from school B. Why I was absent from school C. why am I absent from school D. why was absent from school (2019 山东菏泽)28. —Could you please tell me ______? —Sure. Just go along this street and you’ll find it on your left. A. where is the bookstore B. where the bookstore is C. how can I get to the bookstore (2019山东滨州)35. — Could you tell me _______? — Sure. Go down the street, you can find it at the second crossing! A. where is the supermarket B. where the supermarket is C. when does the supermarket open D. when the supermarket opens (2019山东临沂) 30. Are babies carefree (无忧无虑)? A new study from the US says that 2-year-old babies care about_________. A. how others saw them B. how do others see them C. how others see them (2019山东青岛)10. —Could you tell ______ tomorrow? —It will be sunny. A. What will the weather be like B. what the weather will be like C. when will the weather be sunny D. when the weather will be sunny (2019四川成都)34. —Could you please tell me _____? —Sure. On Friday afternoon. A. where the book sale is B. when the book sale is C. what the book sale is about (2019四川乐山) 35. —I’m doing a survey. Could you tell me ________? —Sure. I usually go to work at 7:00 am. A. when do you go to work B. how you go to work C. when you go to work (2019四川南充) 29. —Excuse me, could you please tell me _________? —At nine o’clock. A. where you have your art lesson B. where do you have your art lesson C. what time you have your art lesson D. what time do you have your art lesson (2019四川自贡)29. —Excuse me. Could you tell me about the Black Hole? —Of course. You can check it on this computer. A. how can I get the information B. what information can I get C. where I can get the information (2019天津)34. —Could you tell me ______ for the fruit? —By paying over the Internet A how much will I pay B. how much I will pay C. how will I pay D. how I will pay (2019浙江温州) 9. —Could you tell me________? —You will stay with an English family and take part in their daily life. A. when I should pay for the course B. what the best part of the course is C. how long the shortest course lasts D. where I can go sightseeing after class. (2019重庆A卷) 30. —Dear friends, do you still remember ______ three years ago? —To realize our dream! A. why you came here B. why did you come here C. how you came here D. how did you come here (2019安徽)40. — I wonder _______ the students have a physical examination. — Once a year. A. how far B. how soon C. how long D. how often (2019重庆B卷)30. —Excuse me, could you tell me ______? —Sure. Bus No. 4 will take you right there. A. how can I get to the zoo B. how I can get to the zoo C. when can I get to the zoo D. when I can get to the zoo (2019江苏连云港)14. —Excuse me, I’m afraid we’re lost. Could you tell us _______? —Sure. Go along the street for about 15 minutes, and then you’ll see it. A. how can I get to Wanda Shopping Mall B. where Wanda Shopping Mall is C. how far is Wanda Shopping Mall D. where is Wanda Shopping Mall (2019江苏南京)9. — I wonder_____. —Someone who can make me a better person. A. when you often meet your friends B. how you make your friends happy C. who you want to make friends with D. where you spend weekends with friends (2019北京) 12. Did you notice in her office? —Yes. She was going over our writing. A. what was Miss Lin doing B. what Miss Lin was doing C. what does Miss Lin do D. what Miss Lin does (2019 湖南湘潭) 30. —Can?you?tell?me??________ on?Father’s?Day? ?—Guess?what??Well?...?I?wrote?a?poem?for?my?dad. ??A.when?did?you?shop?? B.?where?you?go?? C.?what?you?did (2019广西河池)38. My cousin hasn’t decided _______ this weekend. A. how will he go to Shanghai B. how he will go to shanghai C. how has he gone to Shanghai D. how he has gone to Shanghai (2019广西百色) 34.—I want to know ________ we will have the meeting. —Maybe in the classroom. A.where B. when C. who D. whether (2019广西桂林)39. Do you know ______ the students like the mobile phone game so much? A. what B. why C. how (2019 广西北部湾)40.—Do you know_____________? —Yes, we’ll take a bus there. A. When we will go the museum tomorrow. B. When will we go to the museum tomorrow. C. how we will go the museum tomorrow. D. how will we go to the museum tomorrow. (2019黑龙江哈尔滨) 12.—Excuse me,could you tell me _______ ? —Certainly. Go along the street and you will find it on the right. A. how can I get to the radio station B. how I can get to the radio station C. why I can get to the radio station (2019 黑龙江龙东) 15. —Excuse me. Do you know ? —Sorry, I don’t know, either. A. when will the examination begin B. how can I get to the airport C. what’s wrong with the mobile phone (2019湖北黄石) 35.—I wonder ______ in Guangzhou in two hours. —Of course. The high speed train is very fast. A. when I can arrive B. when can l arrive C. whether I can arrive D. whether can l arrive (2019江苏常州)9. — Could you tell me ______ the music? — He used traditional Chinese music and the sounds of an ancient Chinese bell. A. how he made B. how did he make C. why he made D. why did he make (2019青海)30. —What did you learn in geography class yesterday? —I learned that the sun _____ in the east. A. was rising B. rises C. rose (2019青海)39. —I don’t know _____ we will go. —Why not? We will go to the beach for a picnic. A. where B. when C. how (2019甘肃兰州)40. —Tom, do you know ________? —In Beijing. A. where will the 24h Winter Olympics be held B. where the 24th Winter Olympics will hold C. where the 24h Winter Olympics will be held D. where will the 24th Winter Olympics hold (2019 广东)43. —Have you decided ______ the Expo 2019 Beijing? —This summer holiday. A. how are you going to B. how you are going to C. when are you going to C. when you are going to (2019 湖北鄂州) 34. —Your dress looks nice on you. Could you please tell me _________? — In Taobao. A. where did you buy it B. when you bought it C. where you bought it D. when did you buy it (2019湖北咸宁)37. — I am worried about _______ I can enter a good high school or not. —Take it easy. Believe in yourself! A. that B. when C. whether D. where (2019 湖北襄阳) 40. —Could you please tell me _______ the Nanhu Square? —Yes, of course. You can either ride a sharing bike or take a bus. A. when can I get to B. why can I get to C. where I can get to D. how I can get to (2019 湖北孝感)40. Zhong Wei told his friends ________to be back to his hometown. A. how happy he is B. how happy he was C. he is how happy D. he was how happy (2019·湖北宜昌) 40.—Do you mind telling me _________? —Of course not. Remember “Keep Moving”. A. how can I lose weight B. where can I lose weight C. how I can lose weight D. where I can lose weight (2019湖南湘西)45.?—Hi,?Shirley.?Could?you?tell?me________? —At?11:?30?tomorrow?morning. A.?when?you?will?arrive?? B.?when?will?you?arrive?? C.?where?you?will?arrive (2019湖南益阳) 29. — Could you please tell me ________ I can buy some stamps? —Yes. There is a post office on Center Street. A why B. where C. when (2019江苏泰州)15.— Next Friday is my mother’s birthday. I’m thinking about ______. — Good boy! And please give my best wishes to her. A. what present I gave her B. how I can give her a surprise C. if I planned a party for her D. where will my family have a big meal (2019江苏无锡)11. You’ve no idea _________ to build a new airport. Let me tell you, young man. That’s billions of dollars! A. how much it will cost us B. how long it will take us C. how much will it cost us D. how long will it take us (2019 江苏盐城)12. —Do you know ________ Grandma is going to visit us? —Next Saturday. She told me on the phone. A. where B. why C. when D. whether (2019 江苏盐城)15. —Excuse me, could you please tell me___________? —Sure. It’s on Jianjun Road. A. where can I find the museum B. where I can find the museum C. how far the museum is from here D. how far is the museum from here (2019江苏扬州)9. — Kate, do you know ______? — I’m not sure. Maybe a Bird-watching Society worker. A. where can I watch birds B. what is the man with a camera C. where I can watch birds D. what the man with a camera is (2019 山西)30. —Some schools have used smart uniforms. I wonder _____. —They can tell parents where their children are. A. who invented them B. what they are used for C. when students wear them (2019四川内江)29. Could you tell me _______ this morning? A. what time you had breakfast B. where have you been C. how did you get there D. why will you leave earlier (2019福建) 35. We don’t know _________, but it tells us the importance of friendship. A. what the story is about B. whether the story is true C. when did the story take place (2019 贵州安顺)26.—Could you please tell me ________? —It’s next to the People’s Bank of China. A. where is Wang Ruofei Square B. where Wang Ruofei Square is C. where was Wang Ruofei Square D. where Wang Ruofei Square was (2019贵州铜仁)29.—Could you tell me ______ last night? —About ten. A. when was the party over B. when the party was over C. when is the party over D. when the party is over (2019内蒙古呼和浩特)15. She was so angry at _______ he was doing _______ she walked out without a word. A. what; that B. that; what C. what; what D. that; that (2019湖北黄冈)33. —I don’t know during the summer vacation. Do you have any advice? — How about visiting Beijing International Horticultural Expo (北京国际园艺博览会)? A. what should I do B. when should I go C. what I should do D. when I should go (2019湖北武汉)40. Rose is wondering _______. A. what is Matt doing B. where has Jason gone C. When will Aaron leave D. who did the washing (2019 湖南邵阳)27.—Could you please tell me _______ mooncakes traditionally in China, Li Hua? —During the Mid-autumn Festival. A. when people ate B. when people eat C. when do people eat (2019江苏淮安) 13.Excuse me, could you tell me ________? A. when he was born B. how far is it from here C. what does he look like D. where he leaves for yesterday (2019四川广元) 19. Jerry asked Mike __________. A. where did he come from B. where does he come from C. where he came from (2019新疆)34.—Would you please tell me ________? —It’s Mr. Black’s. A. when the robot was bought B.who the robot belongs to C.why the robot was made. D.which city the robot was taken to PAGE (2019 辽宁辽阳) 14.?—?Excuse?me,?do?you?know ______??I’ve?just?missed?my?train. —Yes.?There?is?one?in?10?minutes. A.?how?I?can?get?to?the?train?station?? B.?if?there’s?another?train?later C.?when?I?should?arrive?at?the?train?station?? D?how?much?a?train?ticket?costs 14. B考查宾语从句。句意:——请问你知道_____?我才过了我的这趟火车。——是的,十分钟后有一趟。从答语确定问句在询问是否还有火车。故选B。 (2019辽宁铁岭) 14.—Could you please tell me _______? —Sure. Go to the third floor, please. A. which postcards I should take B. what kind of postcards you have C. when I should pay for the postcards D. where I can get some postcards 14. D 考查宾语从句。宾语从句考查三点:一、连接词;二、宾语从句用陈述语序;三、时态。根据答语go to the third floor可知连接词用where。故选D。 (2019 辽宁抚顺)14. — Hi, Alice. I wonder ________. — I often go swimming in the sport center. A. where you skate B. What you do on the weekend C. when you exercise D. whether you enjoy your weekend 14. B 考查宾语从句用法。根据答语“我经常在运动中心游泳”可知,问句在问爱丽丝干什么。所以连接词用what。故选B。 (2019广西梧州)38. — Bill, what did the teacher say to you? — She asked me______. A. How would I solve the problem B. whether I was ready for the task C. why I look excited D.What time did I get home 38. B 考查宾语从句。——比尔,老师对你说了什么?——她问我我是否准备好了这个任务。宾语从句要用主谓结构,故A,D是错的,C不符合题意,故选B。 (2019辽宁葫芦岛)14. —I wonder ________. —I’m not sure, but I hope so. It has been dry for two months. A if it will rain tomorrow B. why it doesn’t rain C. when the rain will stop D how long the rain will last 14.A考查宾语从句。句意:——我想知道明天是否会下雨。——我不确定,但我希望如此。已经干了两个月了。根据下文It has been dry for two months可知,此处宾语从句应询问“明天是否会下雨”,if在此意为“是否”,故选A。 (2019辽宁锦州)4. —What did Betty say to you a moment ago, Jim? —She wanted to know ______. A. what will my family do this weekend B. who did I play the piano with just now C. why I am late for the class meeting D. if I could go shopping with her this evening 4. D 考查宾语从句。句意:——吉姆,贝蒂刚才对你说什么?——她想知道今晚我是否能和她一起去购物。宾语从句的语序为陈述语序,即:引导词+主语+动词。排除A和B选项。又因主句是一般过去时态,所以宾语从句也要用过去的某一时态,选项C不符合,故选D。 (2019贵州贵阳) 44. Johnny made up his mind to give up smoking. He is thinking about _____. A. how he can make it B. how can he make it C. how will he make it 44. A 考查宾语从句的用法。句意:约翰尼决定戒烟。他正在考虑如何才能实现。宾语从句应用陈述语序,故选A。 (2019云南昆明) 33. In order to take a pleasant trip to Kunming, Dave emailed me to ask _______. A. what was Kunming most famous for B. what Kunming was most famous for C. whether is summer a good time to come D. whether summer is a good time to come 33. B 考查宾语从句。句意:为了在昆明进行愉快的旅行,Dave发邮件问我________。宾语从句应用陈述语序,可排除选项A和C;根据主句动词emailed 可知主句用一般过去式, 从句也应用过去的时态,而选项D中的句子是一般现在时,可排除D。故答案是B。 (2019辽宁盘锦)10. — Excuse me, could you tell me _______? — Go along this road to the bus station, and take Bus No. 31. A. where is the Rice Museum B. which the way to the Rice Museum was C. how I can get to the Rice Museum D. whether is the Rice Museum near here 10. C考查宾语从句。通过分析句子结构可知,A、B、D三项均不是陈述句语序,可排除,故选C。 (2019山东日照) 10. —Can you tell me ______? —Sure. You can take the K2 bus. A. where the high-speed rail station is B. where is the high-speed rail station C. how I can get to the high-speed rail station D. how can I get to the high-speed rail station 10. C考查宾语从句。句意:——你能告诉我怎样到达高铁站吗?——当然可以,你可以乘坐K2路公交车。根据答语中的take the K2 bus可知询问到达的方式,宾语从句要用陈述语序,故选C。 (2019云南) 35. The old lady wanted to know______ . A. where is the station’s waiting room B. where was the station’s waiting room C. where the station’s waiting room is D. where the station’s waiting room was 35. D 考查宾语从句。英语宾语从句中为陈述句语序,选项A、B、是倒装语序,据此排除A、B。根据上文的wanted可知主句是过去时态,从句中需用与过去有关的时态。故选D。 (2019黑龙江齐齐哈尔)10. Which of the following sentences is correct? A. I wonder what’s the matter with her. B. My mother asked me what I do with my pocket money. C. Could you please tell me where is the nearest hospital? 10. A 考查宾语从句。题干表述“那一个句子是正确的”。三个句子都是宾语从句。宾语从句考查陈述语序、连接词和时态。B选项从句时态错误;C选项是疑问语序;A选项是陈述语序。选A。 (2019 广西贵港) 44.—Could you please tell me _________ ? —Yes. He went there by plane last week.. A. where Mr. Brown will go B. how Mr. Brown went to Beijing C. how long Mr. Brown has been in Beijing D. when did Mr. Brown go to Beijing 44.B考查宾语从句的用法。句意:——请你告诉我_________好吗? ——是的。他上周坐飞机去的那里。宾语从句要用陈述句的语序,故排除选项D。根据答语中“went there by plane last week”可知:宾语从句用how引导,表示“告诉我布朗先生怎样去北京的”。故选B。 (2019广西贺州)40. — What did Mary say to you just now, Alan? — She asked __________. A. if I could go to the museum with her tomorrow B. why I am so sad today C. who did I play volleyball with after school D. what will I do on the weekend 40. A 考查宾语从句。句意:——艾伦,刚刚玛丽对你说什么了?——她问我是否明天可以陪她去博物馆。宾语从句用陈述语序,且主句用过去时,从句用相应的过去时态。故选A。 (2019广西玉林) 35. —Ben, could you tell me ? —He’s my cousin from Shenzhen. A. who he is B. where is he C. who is he D. where he is 35. A 考查宾语从句。句意:——Ben,你能告诉我______吗?——他是我来自深圳的堂兄弟。宾语从句中,需要用陈述语序,故排除B和C;题干中答语提示“来自深圳的堂兄弟”,可知A为正确选项;而D选项应为where he is from。故选A。 (2019海南) 40. —Sandy, do you know _______ ? —Yes. Some news about black holes. A. what Tom is searching for B. what is Tom searching for C. who Tom is searching for 40. A 考查宾语从句。宾语从句用陈述语序,故排除B;由答语“有关黑洞的一些新闻”,可知问句询问汤姆正在搜寻什么内容。故选A。 (2019黑龙江大庆)12. Excuse me, could you tell me ______? A. where is the railway station B. how can I get to the railway station C. when the railway station is D. how do I get to the railway station 12. C 考查宾语从句。句意:对不起,你能告诉我______?本句是宾语从句,从句中需用陈述语气,可排除A、B、D项。故选C项。 (2019黑龙江绥化)7. Grace wonders ________ she should do next. A. how B. what C. that 7. B考查宾语从句的引导词。how怎么;what什么;that不翻译。结合句意“格蕾丝想知道她下一步应该做_______。”结合句意,故选B。 (2019江苏南通)14.—Could you please tell me ________? —With pleasure. Wait a moment, please. A. if the scarf looked nice on me B. what’s the new product like C. that Guilin is worth visiting D. how I can order a robot online 14. D 考查宾语从句 句意:——你能告诉我如何在网上订购机器人吗?——我很乐意,请稍等。B选项不是陈述语序;C选项是陈述句,作宾语从句时,主句不用疑问形式;A选项与主句的时态不吻合。故选D。 (2019 江苏镇江) 15.—Do you believe that humans could live on Mars? — I don’t think_________. A. if it comes true B. that it will come true C. why it will come true D. how does it come true 15.B 考查宾语从句。根据答语I don’t think可知此题考查think后接that引导的宾语从句。句意:——你相信人类能够生活在火星上吗?——我认为它将不能成为现实。故选B。 (2019山东东营) 35. — Do you know ________? —I’m not sure. Maybe next year. A. if Dongying High-speed Train Station will be built B. where Dongying High-speed Train Station will be built C. when we will build Dongying High-speed Train Station D. why the government decided to build Dongying High-speed Train Station 35. C考查宾语从句的用法。根据答语中的Maybe next year.可知上文中的宾语从句询问的问题与时间有关,宾语从句的连接词应为when。故选C。 (2019四川眉山) 25.—What did Tom say to you just now, John? —He asked . A. what I am so happy today B. what will I do for the weekend C. who did I play football with after school D. if I could go to the movies with him tonight 25.D 考查宾语从句用法。句意:——John,刚才Tom给你说什么啦?——他问______。 本句为宾语从句,应用陈述语序,且主句为一般过去时,从句应用过去相应时态。故选D。 (2019甘肃天水)45.—I don’t know if Sam _______ tomorrow. —Don’t worry.I will tell you as soon as he ______. A.will come, comes B.comes, will come C.will come, will come D.comes, comes 45.A考查宾语从句的时态及状语从句的时态。句意:——我不知道萨姆明天是否会来。——别担心。他一来我就告诉你。第一空是if引导的宾语从句,主语是一般现在时,从句使用现在时态,由tomorrow可知,从句要用一般将来时;第二空是as soon as引导的时间状语从句,遵循“主将从现”,要用一般现在时,故选A。 (2019四川达州) 34.—Linda, could you remember _____? —Have you forgotten we agreed to go to Hongkong? A.where are we going after the exam B. where we are going after exam C. where are we going to after the exam D. where are we going to after exam 34. B 考查宾语从句。句意:—Linda,你能记得……?—你忘了我们同意去香港。由答语可知问句是问去哪,宾语从句用陈述语序,故选B。 (2019 四川遂宁)25. Could you tell me _______? A. when will they leave Beijing B. when would they leave Beijing C. when they will leave Beijing D. when they would leave Beijing 25. C 考查宾语从句。句意:你能告诉我他们什么时候离开北京吗? 引导的宾语从句应该用陈述语序,故排除A、 B两项。再根据主句中的could在这里是为了让语气更委婉,并不是过去时态,因此从句中用原型will即可,不需要用过去式would。故选C。 (2019四川宜宾)29. She is so pleased with ______ he has done _____ she keeps praising him. A. what; that B. that; what C. that; that 29. A 考查宾语从句和状语从句。句意:她对他所做的事如此满意以至于她不停地称赞他。第一空格中what引导宾语从句what he has done,在宾语从句中作宾语;so … that如此……以至于……;引导结果状语从句。故选A。 (2019甘肃武威、白银) 5. I wonder _________ Tom had a good time having a picnic yesterday. A. that B. if C. what D. which 5. B 考查宾语从句的引导词。that不翻译;if是否;what什么;which哪个。结合句意“我想知道汤姆昨天野餐时______开心。”可知,空处用if合适,意为“是否”。故选B。 (2019 湖南怀化)30. —Your sweater looks nice. Could you tell me ? —Of course. Just at the stop near my school. A. where do you buy it B. where did you buy it C. where you bought it 30. C 考查宾语从句的语序。句意:——你的毛衣看上去很好。你能告诉我你是在哪里买的吗?——当然可以。就在我学校附近的商店里。宾语从句疑问句要用陈述句语序;选项A和选项B都是疑问句语序,故选C。 (2019江苏宿迁)14. — What did Mr. Wang ask you just now? — He asked me ________ yesterday afternoon. A. why I am absent from school B. Why I was absent from school C. why am I absent from school D. why was absent from school 14. B 考查宾语从句。宾语从句用陈述句的语序,排除C、D;主句动词asked用了一般过去时,宾语从句中用过去时态。故选B。 (2019 山东菏泽)28. —Could you please tell me ______? —Sure. Just go along this street and you’ll find it on your left. A. where is the bookstore B. where the bookstore is C. how can I get to the bookstore 28. B 考查宾语从句之连接词及语序。句意:—请你告诉我……? —当然,沿着这条街道走,你就会在你的左边找到它。从答语句意知,发话者在问路,排除C。宾语从句用陈述句语序,排除A。故选B。 (2019山东滨州)35. — Could you tell me _______? — Sure. Go down the street, you can find it at the second crossing! A. where is the supermarket B. where the supermarket is C. when does the supermarket open D. when the supermarket opens 35. B 考查宾语从句。宾语从句用陈述句语序,故排除A、C两项;再由答语是给对方指路可推知,问句是询问“请你告诉我超市在哪里好吗?”故选B。 (2019山东临沂) 30. Are babies carefree (无忧无虑)? A new study from the US says that 2-year-old babies care about_________. A. how others saw them B. how do others see them C. how others see them 30. C考查宾语从句。 句意:婴儿无忧无虑吗? 美国的一项新研究表明,两岁的婴儿很在意别人怎么看他们。根据句子结构可知是宾语从句,用陈述语序,结合句意可知宾语从句用一般现在时。故选C。 (2019山东青岛)10. —Could you tell ______ tomorrow? —It will be sunny. A. What will the weather be like B. what the weather will be like C. when will the weather be sunny D. when the weather will be sunny 10. B 考查宾语从句用法。由答语“明天将会是晴朗的”,可知上文应是询问天气,故可排除选项C、D;宾语从句应用陈述语序,故选B。 (2019四川成都)34. —Could you please tell me _____? —Sure. On Friday afternoon. A. where the book sale is B. when the book sale is C. what the book sale is about 34. B考查宾语从句。由答语“在周五的下午”可知,上文问的是书展的时间,故B项正确。 (2019四川乐山) 35. —I’m doing a survey. Could you tell me ________? —Sure. I usually go to work at 7:00 am. A. when do you go to work B. how you go to work C. when you go to work 35. C 考查宾语从句。根据答语中“我通常是七点去上班”,故引导宾语从句的引导词应用when, 可排除B;在宾语从句中应用陈述句的语序,可排除A,故选C。 (2019四川南充) 29. —Excuse me, could you please tell me _________? —At nine o’clock. A. where you have your art lesson B. where do you have your art lesson C. what time you have your art lesson D. what time do you have your art lesson 29. C 考查宾语从句。英语宾语从句一般为陈述语序,选项B、D是疑问语序,据此排除B、D两项; 由下文答语“在九点钟”可知,应用引导词what time。故选C。 (2019四川自贡)29. —Excuse me. Could you tell me about the Black Hole? —Of course. You can check it on this computer. A. how can I get the information B. what information can I get C. where I can get the information 29. C 考查宾语从句的语序。句意:——打扰一下。请告诉我在哪里可以弄到布兰克旅馆的信息好吗?——当然。你可以在这台电脑上查一下。在宾语从句要用陈述句语序,排除选项A和B,故选C。 (2019天津)34. —Could you tell me ______ for the fruit? —By paying over the Internet A how much will I pay B. how much I will pay C. how will I pay D. how I will pay 34. D 考查宾语从句。宾语从句中一般为陈述语序,选项AC都是倒装语序,据此排除。选项B意为“我要付多少钱”;选项D意为“我要如何付款。”根据下文答语可知,宾语从句中问的是付款方式。故选D。 (2019浙江温州) 9. —Could you tell me________? —You will stay with an English family and take part in their daily life. A. when I should pay for the course B. what the best part of the course is C. how long the shortest course lasts D. where I can go sightseeing after class. 9. B 考查宾语从句。答语“你将要和一个英国家庭呆在一起,参加他们的日常生活”提示宾语从句用what引导,询问课程的内容。符合句意“你能告诉我课程最佳的部分是什么吗?”其它选项与答语意义不对应。故选B。 (2019重庆A卷) 30. —Dear friends, do you still remember ______ three years ago? —To realize our dream! A. why you came here B. why did you come here C. how you came here D. how did you come here 30. A 考查宾语从句。英语宾语从句中为陈述句语序,选项B、D是倒装语序,据此排除B、D。根据下文答语“为了实现我们的梦想”可知,从句中指“你为什么来这儿”。故选A。 (2019安徽)40. — I wonder _______ the students have a physical examination. — Once a year. A. how far B. how soon C. how long D. how often 40. D 考查宾语从句之连接词。how far多远,对距离提问;how soon多久,对将来时态中“in +时间段”提问;how long多久,对for/since引导的时间状语或从句提问;how often多久一次,对频率提问。从答语Once a year知,上句谈论的是“频率”,应用how often连接宾语从句。句意:——我想知道,这些学生多久进行一次体检。——每年一次。故选D。 (2019重庆B卷)30. —Excuse me, could you tell me ______? —Sure. Bus No. 4 will take you right there. A. how can I get to the zoo B. how I can get to the zoo C. when can I get to the zoo D. when I can get to the zoo 30. B 考查宾语从句。宾语从句中一般为陈述语序,据此排除A、C。根据下文答语“4路公交车可以带你到那里”可知,从句中问的是“我怎么到动物园”。故选B。 (2019江苏连云港)14. —Excuse me, I’m afraid we’re lost. Could you tell us _______? —Sure. Go along the street for about 15 minutes, and then you’ll see it. A. how can I get to Wanda Shopping Mall B. where Wanda Shopping Mall is C. how far is Wanda Shopping Mall D. where is Wanda Shopping Mall 14. B 考查宾语从句。宾语从句要用陈述句语序,排除选项A、C和D,故选B。 (2019江苏南京)9. — I wonder_____. —Someone who can make me a better person. A. when you often meet your friends B. how you make your friends happy C. who you want to make friends with D. where you spend weekends with friends 9. C 考查宾语从句辨析。句意:“我想知道你想和谁交朋友。”“能让我变得更好的人。”四个选项疑问词存在差异,结合答句定语从句的someone的提示,知道应该询问和谁交朋友。故选C。 (2019北京) 12. Did you notice in her office? —Yes. She was going over our writing. A. what was Miss Lin doing B. what Miss Lin was doing C. what does Miss Lin do D. what Miss Lin does 12. B 考查宾语从句。结合选项可知,空格处应是宾语从句。宾语从句要用陈述语序,故排除A、C两项;主句Did you notice是一般过去时,所以从句应用过去的时态,故选B。 (2019 湖南湘潭) 30. —Can?you?tell?me??________ on?Father’s?Day? ?—Guess?what??Well?...?I?wrote?a?poem?for?my?dad. ??A.when?did?you?shop?? B.?where?you?go?? C.?what?you?did 30. C考查宾语从句。句意:——你能够诉我父亲节_______?——猜一猜?哦,我给爸爸写了一首诗。这是宾语从句,从句用陈述句顺序,排除选项A,从答语可知这是询问过去,因此从句用过去时,故选C。 (2019广西河池)38. My cousin hasn’t decided _______ this weekend. A. how will he go to Shanghai B. how he will go to shanghai C. how has he gone to Shanghai D. how he has gone to Shanghai 38. B考查宾语从句的用法。句意:我表哥还没决定这个周末他怎样去上海。宾语从句用陈述语序,排除A, C。结合句意是表达的将来的用法,选B。 (2019广西百色) 34.—I want to know ________ we will have the meeting. —Maybe in the classroom. A.where B. when C. who D. whether 34. A 考查宾语从句的引导词。句意:——我不知道我们将在哪里开会。——或许在教室里。答语的内容表达的是地点,故横线处填where,选A。 (2019广西桂林)39. Do you know ______ the students like the mobile phone game so much? A. what B. why C. how 39. B 考查宾语从句引导词。句意为:你知道_____学生这么喜欢这款手机游戏吗?宾语从句中的主谓宾成分齐全,故此处应用疑问副词引导宾语从句,可排除A项;由语境可知,此处应用why表学生喜欢这款手机游戏的原因。故选B项。 (2019 广西北部湾)40.—Do you know_____________? —Yes, we’ll take a bus there. A. When we will go the museum tomorrow. B. When will we go to the museum tomorrow. C. how we will go the museum tomorrow. D. how will we go to the museum tomorrow. 40. C 考查宾语从句。句意:——你知道__________?——是的,我们将要乘公交车到那。根据答语“Yes, we’ll take a bus there.”可推知问句应该是询问交通方式,故首先排除A、B两项以when引导的询问时间的句子;再根据宾语从句必须用陈述语序,D项情态动词will置于主语we之前是疑问语序。故选C。 (2019黑龙江哈尔滨) 12.—Excuse me,could you tell me _______ ? —Certainly. Go along the street and you will find it on the right. A. how can I get to the radio station B. how I can get to the radio station C. why I can get to the radio station 12. B考查宾语从句。句意:——打扰一下,你能告诉我怎样到达广播电台吗?——当然可以,沿着这条街道一直走,你会在右边找到它。宾语从句要用陈述语序,故排除A项;根据答语可知,询问的是到达的方式。故选B。 (2019 黑龙江龙东) 15. —Excuse me. Do you know ? —Sorry, I don’t know, either. A. when will the examination begin B. how can I get to the airport C. what’s wrong with the mobile phone 15. C 考查宾语从句的语序。句意:——打扰一下,你知道 吗?——对不起,我也不知道。宾语从句疑问句要用陈述句语序,排除选项A和B,故选C。 (2019湖北黄石) 35.—I wonder ______ in Guangzhou in two hours. —Of course. The high speed train is very fast. A. when I can arrive B. when can l arrive C. whether I can arrive D. whether can l arrive 35. C考查宾语从句。宾语从句三个考点:1.考查连接词;2.考查时态;3.宾语从句用陈述语序。根据回答of course可知上文问两小时后是否能到达广州。故选C。 (2019江苏常州)9. — Could you tell me ______ the music? — He used traditional Chinese music and the sounds of an ancient Chinese bell. A. how he made B. how did he make C. why he made D. why did he make 9. A 考查宾语从句。宾语从句中用陈述句语序,排除B、D;答语“他用传统的中国音乐和中国古编钟的声音”提示用how引导宾语从句,符合句意“您能告诉我他怎样创作音乐吗?”故选A。 (2019青海)30. —What did you learn in geography class yesterday? —I learned that the sun _____ in the east. A. was rising B. rises C. rose 30. B 考查宾语从句的用法。句意:——昨天的地理课上你学到了什么?——我学到了太阳从东方升起。当宾语从句表示的是客观真理或客观事实时,从句的时态一律使用一般现在时。本题“太阳从东方升起”,属于客观事实,应用一般现在时。故选B。 (2019青海)39. —I don’t know _____ we will go. —Why not? We will go to the beach for a picnic. A. where B. when C. how 39. A 考查宾语从句的引导词的辨析。where意为“在哪儿”,表示地点;when意为“何时”,表示时间;how意为“如何,怎么样”,表示方式。根据答句句意“为什么不呢?我们打算去海滩野炊”可知,问句的句意应是“我不知道到哪儿去”,此处表示地点,应用where。故选A。 (2019甘肃兰州)40. —Tom, do you know ________? —In Beijing. A. where will the 24h Winter Olympics be held B. where the 24th Winter Olympics will hold C. where the 24h Winter Olympics will be held D. where will the 24th Winter Olympics hold 40. C 考查宾语从句和被动语态。根据宾语从句要用陈述句的语序,可排除A项和D项。the 24th Winter Olympics和hold是逻辑上的动宾关系,要用被动语态。故答案选C。 (2019 广东)43. —Have you decided ______ the Expo 2019 Beijing? —This summer holiday. A. how are you going to B. how you are going to C. when are you going to C. when you are going to 43. D 考查宾语从句。分析题干及选项知,本题考查宾语从句。宾语从句应用陈述句语序,排除A、C;从答语This summer holiday.(今年暑假) 知,问句问的是时间,排除B。故选D。 (2019 湖北鄂州) 34. —Your dress looks nice on you. Could you please tell me _________? — In Taobao. A. where did you buy it B. when you bought it C. where you bought it D. when did you buy it 34. C考查宾语从句。句意:——你穿的裙子看起来真漂亮。你能告诉我你在哪儿买的吗?——在淘宝上(买的) 。由答语可以上一句是问“在哪儿买的”,要用where引导宾语从句;而在宾语从句中,需要用陈述句语序,A项和D项都是疑问语序。故选C。 (2019湖北咸宁)37. — I am worried about _______ I can enter a good high school or not. —Take it easy. Believe in yourself! A. that B. when C. whether D. where 37.C考查宾语从句中连词用法辨析。句意:我担心我能否进入一所好的高中。that那,when何时,whether 是否;where哪里;whether是否,常与or not连用,句中含有or not。结合句意,故选C。 (2019 湖北襄阳) 40. —Could you please tell me _______ the Nanhu Square? —Yes, of course. You can either ride a sharing bike or take a bus. A. when can I get to B. why can I get to C. where I can get to D. how I can get to 40. D考查宾语从句。联系下句“你可以骑共享单车或者乘坐公交车。”推知上句询问去南湖公园的方式,由此排除A、B和C选项。故选D。 (2019 湖北孝感)40. Zhong Wei told his friends ________to be back to his hometown. A. how happy he is B. how happy he was C. he is how happy D. he was how happy 40. B 考查宾语从句中的感叹句。句意:钟伟告诉他的朋友回到家乡是他多么高兴。空处到句末是宾语从句,做谓语动词told的直接宾语。主句是一般过去时,从句需要是相应的过去时态,排除选项A和C;感叹句要用how开头,排除D。故选B。 (2019·湖北宜昌) 40.—Do you mind telling me _________? —Of course not. Remember “Keep Moving”. A. how can I lose weight B. where can I lose weight C. how I can lose weight D. where I can lose weight 40. C 考查宾语从句的用法。句意:——你介意告诉我如何减肥吗?——当然不介意,记住“坚持运动。”宾语从句应为陈述语序,故排除选项A、B;由答语Remember”Keep Moving”可知,这是对lose weight方式方法的回答,因此宾语从句引导词为how。故选C。 (2019湖南湘西)45.?—Hi,?Shirley.?Could?you?tell?me________? —At?11:?30?tomorrow?morning. A.?when?you?will?arrive?? B.?when?will?you?arrive?? C.?where?you?will?arrive 45. A 考查宾语从句。句意:——嗨,雪莉。你能告诉我你将什么时候到吗?——明天上午11:30。结合选项可知,空格处是一个宾语从句,宾语从句应用陈述语序,B项是疑问语序,应排除;C项问的是到达地点;根据答语“明天上午11:30”可知,应询问时间,故选A。 (2019湖南益阳) 29. — Could you please tell me ________ I can buy some stamps? —Yes. There is a post office on Center Street. A why B. where C. when 29. B 考查宾语从句的引导词。—你能告诉我我在哪里能买到邮票吗?—在中心大街上有一家邮局。提问地点用where。 (2019江苏泰州)15.— Next Friday is my mother’s birthday. I’m thinking about ______. — Good boy! And please give my best wishes to her. A. what present I gave her B. how I can give her a surprise C. if I planned a party for her D. where will my family have a big meal 15.B 考查宾语从句。宾语从句三要点:连接词、语序、时态。A项时态不正确、C项时态不正确、D项语序不正确。故选B。 (2019江苏无锡)11. You’ve no idea _________ to build a new airport. Let me tell you, young man. That’s billions of dollars! A. how much it will cost us B. how long it will take us C. how much will it cost us D. how long will it take us 11. A 考查宾语从句。宾语从句用陈述句语序,排除C、D;由that’s billions of dollars可知谈论的是花费多少钱,用how much和动词cost连用表示“花费多少”。how long是表示“多久;多长”。故选A。 (2019 江苏盐城)12. —Do you know ________ Grandma is going to visit us? —Next Saturday. She told me on the phone. A. where B. why C. when D. whether 12. C 考查宾语从句的引导词。句意:“你知道外婆什么时候来看我们吗?”“下周六。她在电话里告诉我的。”根据答句的时间提示,可以确定应该用疑问词when来引导宾语从句。故选C。 (2019 江苏盐城)15. —Excuse me, could you please tell me___________? —Sure. It’s on Jianjun Road. A. where can I find the museum B. where I can find the museum C. how far the museum is from here D. how far is the museum from here 15. B 考查宾语从句。句意:“打扰一下,请问博物馆在哪里?”“可以。在建军路。”宾语从句的从句应该用陈述语序,可以排除A和D。再根据答句中地点的提示。故选B。 (2019江苏扬州)9. — Kate, do you know ______? — I’m not sure. Maybe a Bird-watching Society worker. A. where can I watch birds B. what is the man with a camera C. where I can watch birds D. what the man with a camera is 9. D 考查宾语从句。根据回答“可能是一个观鸟协会的工作人员”排除A和C,根据陈述句语序排除B。故选D。 (2019 山西)30. —Some schools have used smart uniforms. I wonder _____. —They can tell parents where their children are. A. who invented them B. what they are used for C. when students wear them 30. B考查宾语从句。句意:——一些学校用上了智能校服。我想知道他们有什么用途。——他们能告诉父母他们的孩子所处的位置。根据答语的内容可知从句表示“有啥用途”,故选B。 (2019四川内江)29. Could you tell me _______ this morning? A. what time you had breakfast B. where have you been C. how did you get there D. why will you leave earlier 29. A 考查宾语从句。空白处是一个宾语从句,应该用陈述语序,四个选项中只有A是陈述语序,故选A。 (2019福建) 35. We don’t know _________, but it tells us the importance of friendship. A. what the story is about B. whether the story is true C. when did the story take place 35. B 考查宾语从句。句意:我们不知道______,但是它告诉我们友谊的重要性。在宾语从句中,必须用陈述语序,故排除C;而A选项意思为“故事是关于什么的”,与题干tells us所表达的意思不能衔接,故也排除。只有B符合语境意思,“无论真实与否”,故选B。 (2019 贵州安顺)26.—Could you please tell me ________? —It’s next to the People’s Bank of China. A. where is Wang Ruofei Square B. where Wang Ruofei Square is C. where was Wang Ruofei Square D. where Wang Ruofei Square was 26.B 考查宾语从句。句意:“请问你能告诉我王若飞广场在哪儿?”“它靠近中国人民银行。”。宾语从句使用陈述句语序,排除选项A和C;又根据答句可知问句应用一般现在时,排除D项。故选择B项。 (2019贵州铜仁)29.—Could you tell me ______ last night? —About ten. A. when was the party over B. when the party was over C. when is the party over D. when the party is over 29.B考查宾语从句。“Could you tell me”引导的宾语从句应该用陈述语序,排除AC。再根据关键词“last night”,可知从句的时态应该用一般过去时,故选B。 (2019内蒙古呼和浩特)15. She was so angry at _______ he was doing _______ she walked out without a word. A. what; that B. that; what C. what; what D. that; that 15. A 考查宾语从句和状语从句。句意:她对他所做的事情如此生气以至于她一句话也没说就走出去了。第一个空白处引导后面的he was doing,构成宾语从句,意为“他所做的事情”,作be angry at的宾语,故使用what来引导;连词so…that…表示“如此……以至于……”,that引导结果状语此句。故选A。 (2019湖北黄冈)33. —I don’t know during the summer vacation. Do you have any advice? — How about visiting Beijing International Horticultural Expo (北京国际园艺博览会)? A. what should I do B. when should I go C. what I should do D. when I should go 33. C 考查宾语从句。句意:——我不知道在暑假期间应该做什么。你有什么建议吗?——去参观北京国际园艺博览会怎么样?。根据答语“参观北京国际园艺博览会”可知问句是“干什么”,宾语从句用陈述语序。故选C。 (2019湖北武汉)40. Rose is wondering _______. A. what is Matt doing B. where has Jason gone C. When will Aaron leave D. who did the washing 40. D 考查宾语从句的用法。句中的wonder 作及物动词,意为“想知道;对……感到怀疑”,常见的用法有:后接 who, what, why, where 等引导的宾语从句,并且宾语从句要用陈述语气。所以A、B、C都排除了,因此,该句意是“露丝想知道谁洗了衣服。”故选D。 (2019 湖南邵阳)27.—Could you please tell me _______ mooncakes traditionally in China, Li Hua? —During the Mid-autumn Festival. A. when people ate B. when people eat C. when do people eat 27.B考查宾语从句。宾语从句中一般为陈述语序,据此排除C。在中国中秋节吃月饼是传统,故应用一般现在时表示经常发生的动作。故选B。 (2019江苏淮安) 13.Excuse me, could you tell me ________? A. when he was born B. how far is it from here C. what does he look like D. where he leaves for yesterday 13. A 考查宾语从句。根据宾语从句,应用陈述句式,可排除B项与C项;其次根据D项的时间状语yesterday,可知该句一般过去时,动词需要用过去式,可排除D项。故选A。该句意是:打扰了,你能告诉我他出生在哪儿吗? (2019四川广元) 19. Jerry asked Mike __________. A. where did he come from B. where does he come from C. where he came from 19. C 考查宾语从句。句意:Jerry问Mike他是哪里人。宾语从句要使用陈述语序,A、B两项中的助动词did和does置于主语前面是疑问语序,不符合题目要求。故选C。 (2019新疆)34.—Would you please tell me ________? —It’s Mr. Black’s. A. when the robot was bought B.who the robot belongs to C.why the robot was made. D.which city the robot was taken to 34.B 考查宾语从句。句意:——你能不能告诉我________?——是布莱克先生的。根据答语,是布莱克先生的,故选择与人有关的特殊疑问词who。when询问时间;why询问原因;which询问哪一个。故选B。 PAGE