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初中英语牛津上海(本地版)五四制八年级下(新版)
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  • ID:4-5931078 [精] 广东省牛津版(深圳 广州)2018-2019年八年级下学期英语期末预测卷(一)(含答案)

    初中英语/期末专区/八年级下册

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2018-2019学年度第二学期八年级期末预测卷(一) 语法填空(共15小题;共15分) 阅读下列短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连续的要求,从1-15各题所给的A、B、C和D中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Happiness is for everyone. You don't need to care about _____1_____ people who have beautiful houses with large gardens and swimming pools or those who have nice cars and a lot of money _____2_____ so on. Why? _____3_____ those who have big houses _____4_____ often feel lonely and those who have cars want to walk on the country roads in their free time. In fact, happiness is always around you if you put your heart _____5_____ it. When you are in trouble at school, your friends _____6_____ you; when you study hard at your lessons, your parents are always taking good care of your life and your health; when you _____7_____, your friends will say congratulations to you; when you do something wrong, people around you will help you to correct it. And when you do something good to _____8_____, you will feel happy, too. All these are your happiness. If you notice those things, you can see _____9_____ happiness is always around you. Happiness is not the same as money. It is _____10_____ feeling of your heart. When you are poor, you can also say you are very happy, because you have something else that can't be bought with money. When you meet with difficulties, you can say _____11_____ that you are very happy, because you have more chances _____12_____ yourself. So you cannot always say you are poor and you have bad luck. As the saying goes: life _____13_____ like a revolving (旋转) door. When it closes, it also _____14_____. If you take every chance you get, you can be a happy and lucky _____15_____. 1. A.this B.that C.these D.those 2. A.or B.but C.and D.nor 3. A.For B.Because C.As D.So 4. A.can B.must C.may D.need 5. A.around B.for C.upon D.into 6. A.help B.helps C.will help D.helping 7. A.succeed B.successfully C.successful D.success 8. A.other B.others C.another D.the other 9. A.what B.which C.why D.that 10. A.a B.an C.the D./ 11. A.loudly B.louder C.loudest D.loud 12. A.challenge B.to challenge C.challenging D.challenged 13. A.does B.be C.are D.is 14. A.open B.opens C.opening D.to open 15. A.student B.friend C.person D.people 二、完形填空(共10小题;共10分) 阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的选项中,选择最佳选项。 "It is never too late and you are never too old to start something new!" said Ellen Rima. She began to learn English at the _____16_____ of fifty. In just a few years, she has made a lot of progress. Because no evening classes were _____17_____ in the area Ellen lived in, she chose to study online. That is, she took an English course _____18_____. Ellen began with easy courses and studied hard. "My son always said, 'Mum, you are a bit crazy.' He couldn't understand why I spent so many hours _____19_____, but I love it," she said. "Maybe I wanted to do too much in a short time. I finished all my courses after two years, but I found I still had _____20_____ in grammar." Instead of giving up, she chose to _____21_____. After another two years, she's still studying in the online classroom. But now to make her English better, she has set new goals (目标) for herself. "Studying online is also boring, so you need to be _____22_____ with yourself." said Ellen. "If you really want to learn, never _____23_____ when you face difficulties and when you think you haven't made any progress." Ellen said studying English wasn't all about hard work. "It was fun. I have learnt so much about other _____24_____ and traditions,"she said. Ellen has been able to put her English into use by visiting England five times. "I'm very _____25_____ for the Internet. My life has changed a lot," said Ellen. 16. A.end B.time C.age 17. A.studied B.offered C.attended 18. A.on the Internet B.at school C.in a university 19. A.discussing B.studying C.travelling 20. A.achievements B.progress C.difficulties 21. A.continue B.stop C.leave 22. A.comfortable B.strict C.kind 23. A.give up B.put up C.grow up 24. A.languages B.education C.cultures 25. A.kind B.thankful C.friendly 三、阅读(共两节,满分45分)? 第一节:阅读理解。(共20小题,每题2分,满分40分)? A Pack up and Fly away Hainan Island Hainan Island is a wonderful place of sun,sand and sea.It is in the south of China.It's famous for its underwater beauty.Tianyahaijiao is also very famous.It attracts lots of tourists around the world every year. Thailand Thailand is in the heart of Southeast Asia.Its capital Bangkok has some of Thailand's greatest buildings,like the Grand Palace (大皇宫).Chiang Mai (清迈) is a big city in Thailand.There are many historic temples (庙) there,such as the Wat Phra Singh temple.The temple has a history of over 500 years. Australia This country is a land of beauty and diversity (多样性).It is famous for Sydney Opera and Ayers Rock (艾尔斯岩).Ayers Rock is 3,600 meters long and 348 meters high.What's more,children can also see many animals here like koalas,kangaroos and sheep. South Korea's Jeju Island (韩国济州岛) As a volcanic (火山) island,Jeju once was chosen as one of the New Seven Wonders (奇迹) of Nature.Not only that,Jeju attracts children with its Teddy Bear Museum.There,people show historical events with teddy bears. The information above can't be from ______ . A. a magazine B. a story book C. a newspaper D. a tour guidebook 27. Hainan Island is ______ . A. in the Indian Ocean B. in Europe C. in the south of China D. in Africa 28. If you like historic temples,you can go to ______ . A. Hainan Island B. Thailand C. Australia D. South Korea's Jeju Island 29. People in South Korea's Jeju Island show historical events with ______ . A. teddy bears B. toy cars C. heroes D. pictures 30. Australia is known for ______ . A. the Grand Palace and the Wat Phra Singh temple. B. Sydney Opera and Ayers Rock. C. Tianyahaijiao and the underwater beauty. D. Teddy Bear Museum and a volcanic island. B “Let’ s go wrestling ,Dad!”《(? 摔跤吧,爸爸!》) is one of the Top 10 movies recently. It tells a true story about an Indian man and his two daughters. His name’s Mahavir. In real life, he is called“the father of India women wrestling”because thousands of girls across India have been supported to take up wrestling with his efforts. A very famous Indian actor, Aamir Khan, played the role of Mahavir in the movie. It was an unusual experience for him to play this role. Aamir Khan was very serious about his character and he tried to make this character close to the true story. In order to act well, he needed to put on weight to be very fat and then do sports to be very strong in a short time. Aamir Khan started to eat a lot every day before making the movie. He ate at least 5 meals? a day including much junk food. He became too fat to run quickly. It is simple to be fat but difficult to be strong. Aamir Khan invited many coaches to train him to lose weight and took him a few months to be strong. He must eat less and drink more. Strength training is also important. This kind of physical training is very boring. He had to lift different weights and do it over and over again. Aamir Khan set a goal to himself day by day and the minute he made it, he fell down on the ground and could hardly stand up. In the end, he became the exact person the movie needs. The role he played was very moving and he succeeded at last. As he says, the most important thing in life is not whether you can reach your goal but whether you have made the greatest efforts. From the passage, what is Aamir Khan’s job? A. A player. B. An actor. C. A director. D. A coach. 32. Why is Mahavir called “the father of Indian women wrestling”? A. ?? Because he is a very famous Indian player. B. ?? Because he played a role in the movie “let’s go wrestling, Dad!” C. ?? Because he supported many Indian women to take up wrestling. ? D. Because he became strong in a short time. 33. What is the correct order of the following things about Aamir Khan? ① He changed his eating habits and did sports to become strong. ② He was serious about the character and he needed to make great efforts. ③ To be fat, he ate too much food. ④ Finally, he succeeded. A. ③②①④ B. ②③④① C. ②①④③ D. ②③①④ 34. Which of the following is NOT true about Aamir Khan from the passage? A. ?? “let’s go wrestling, Dad! ” is a true story about Aamir Khan himself. B. ?? He became very fat at first and then lost weight in a very short time. C. ?? In order to act well, he trained so hard. D. ?? He tried to playa perfect role in the movie. 35. According to the acting experience of Aamir Khan ,what can we learn ? A. ?? Where there is a will, there is a way. B. ?? Practice makes perfect. C. ?? Many hands make work light. D. ?? The fatter,the better. C ? ? ? In the eyes of many foreigners, Chinese are the best hosts (主人) and the worst guests in the world. They're not really bad guests, but because the guest-host relationship in China is much different than in some western counties, it appears they are not nice guests. And western guests sometimes look rude (粗鲁的) in the eyes of Chinese guests. ? ? ? In China, guests are almost like gods. Whenever I enter a Chinese person's home, there is always fruit on the table for me, and someone is quick to bring me a cup of tea or water. In the west, generally the guest is not a god. Acting according to the host's way of doing things is usual behavior for a guest. ? ? ? My wife's mother'a very kind elderly Chinese lady, doesn't smoke. When I see some of her guests smoking in her house, as a non-smoker,I feel unhappy. Usually I want to stop them directly, but I must realize that in China, to be a good host,she must not do that. In most North America homes,if you are a guest, and the hosts are not smokers, you should not smoke in their house. At the very least, you could ask,“Is it OK if I smoke?”But, don't be surprised if they say,“No, you can't smoke.” In our culture, if you smoke in their home, you are a bad guest, but if they don't ?allow you to smoke in their house, they are not a rude host. ? ? ?Guests in China also have special habits. Some western people may not adapt to these habits very soon. Thankfully my wife is Chinese, so whenever we visit a Chinese family she tells me to buy them a gift. However, giving a gift to a host is not always necessary in my country. So, if you invite international guests to your home, don't be too surprised if they don't bring you a gift. ? ? ?In China, you probably won't need to change the guest-host relationship very much because you will probably only be the host, and Chinese are naturally very good hosts. If western hosts invite you to their house, try not to be too surprised if their style of treating you is not what you have expected. Many foreigners think that Chinese hosts are the ______ in the world. A. best B. worst C. most natural D. most difficult 37. When a western guest visits a Chinese family,he often ______ . A. buys some fruit B. feels like a god C. wants some gifts D. takes a cup of tea 38. If the writer's guests want to smoke in his house,what will he probably say? ______ A. It's OK if you smoke here. B. Let's smoke together. C. Sorry,you can't smoke here. D. Smoking is a bad habit. 39. What is the meaning of the underlined phrase“adapt to”in the passage? ______ A. think back to B. get used to C. look forward to D. keep close to 40. What is the main idea of this passage? ______ A. Foreigners should learn from Chinese. B. Hosts must do things in the guest's way. C. Western hosts are always nice to guests. D. People should understand cultural differences. D Many kids help parents to do chores such as washing the dishes, cleaning the floors and taking out the trash in the house. In return, some kids get money or other rewards from their parents, such as playing computer games for 20 minutes. But some people do not think that kids should get rewards(奖赏) for doing chores. One of them is Susie Walton, a parenting educator. She believes that if kids get rewards, they will think that work isn’t worth doing unless you get something in return. For example, kids won’t sweep the floor if they see it is dirty. But they will clean the floor if their parents reward them for it. “Every house is a team effort,” Susie said. “A home is a living space for everyone in the family. It’s important for kids to see that we all have responsibilities to keep our home clean. Other people have different opinions(观点). They believe that money or other rewards can?encourage?kids to do more chores. It also teaches them real world lessons about how we need to work to make money. Now, there are also apps(应用软件) that encourage kids to do chores. The apps give kids points and digital gifts that can be used either online or in the real world. With the ChoreMonster app, kids get digital points after doing chores. Kids can exchange(交换) their points for real rewards, such as time to play video games or a trip to the mall. What do you think? Should kids be rewarded for doing chores? Or should kids help out around their homes without getting anything in return? How does the author start the passage? A. By giving some facts. B. By listing some opinions. C. By comparing different views. D. By showing his own experiences. 42. What's the meaning of the underlined word “rewards” in Paragraph 1? A. Dreams. B. Prizes. C. Exercises. D. Surprises. 43. Which of the following is Susie Walton's opinion? A. Don’t ask kids to do housework. B. Don’t reward kids for doing anything. C. Don’t give kids rewards for doing chores. D. Don't allow kids to play computer games. 44. What's Paragraph 3 mainly about? A. How to make money by doing chores. B. The apps that encourage kids to do chores. C. How to exchange their points for real rewards. D. The advantage of rewarding kids for doing chores. 45. Where does the passage probably come from? A. A dictionary. B. A storybook. C. A magazine. D. A guidebook. 第二节??阅读填空(共5小题,每题1分,满分5分)? 阅读短文及文后A~E选项,选出可以填入46~50各题空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Weddings are important in every country, and there are different wedding customs in different countries. In Western countries, the bride's (新娘) dress—her wedding dress—is very important. Some brides wear a new dress. __46____ Some people believe the bride should wear something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue. ___47___ She may borrow something to wear from a friend—that will be something borrowed, and the ring on her finger may have a blue jewel in it or some of her clothes may be blue. ___48___ They wear the ring on the fourth finger of their left hands. At the wedding, as soon as the man and the woman are married, their friends often throw rice or very small pieces of paper over them. ___49___ The bride often carries flowers, and after the wedding she throws them up in the air. People believe that the woman who catches the flowers is lucky enough. The bride, the groom (新郎), their friends and family then have a party. ___50____ This holiday is called "the honeymoon". A.She may wear an old ring and will usually have new shoes. B.Many married people in Western countries wear a ring to show that they are married. C.Some brides wear the dress their mothers or even their grandmothers wore at their weddings. D.They believe this will bring them good luck and that they will have many children. E.The bride and the groom usually take a car. After that the bride and the groom go on holiday together. G.She may ask her friends to come to her wedding. 四、写作(共四小节,满分35分)? 第一节:单词拼写(共5小题,共5分) 51.Write a passage about life in the past and ________?(目前). 52.If you m________?blue with yellow, then you'll get green. 53.My backyard is w________?enough for us to play football. 54.The teacher kept e________?the use of the idiom to me until I understood it. 55.When the night came, they put up t________?to keep warm in the field. 第二节:完成句子(共5小题,每空0.5分,满分5分)根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词) 56这部动画片非常有趣。 ?? This ________ is very ________. 57.这顶帽子和你的衬衣搭配得很好。 ?? This hat ________ your shirt well. 58.那位老人长着一张和善的脸。 ?? That old man has ________ ________ ________. 59.音乐家们花费了三天的时间录制这部电影的音乐。 ? It took the musicians three days ________ ________ the music of the film. 60.你使用的是什么程序? ? ________ ________ do you use? 第二节:短文填空(共10小题,共10分)阅读短文,填入适当的内容或括号内单词的适当形式。 As a little kid , I was taught, "There is nothing new under the Sun." I _____61_____(believe) that until yesterday. I was on midterm break yesterday. This meant no work — all sleep and all play! _____62_____ about 10:00 a.m., my neighbour Mario knocked at my door. "Helen, I've been to _____63_____ year 2050 through my time machine. Great changes have taken place. People live underwater. I saw _____64_____(you) great granddaughter!" said Mario. I stopped him and looked at him _____65_____ I thought he might be crazy. "Don't you believe me? Come with me and I _____66_____(show) it to you," he said. Then we went into his house. He turned on the time machine, held my hand and walked into it. 5, 4, 3… "We're here now. Welcome to 2050! This is our backyard," Mario said. To be honest, it wasn't a _____67_____(beauty) sight. The sky was grey and the _____68_____(street) were empty. "Where is everyone?" I asked. They live underwater because land has become too dangerous for human beings _____69_____(live) on, Mario replied. Then we went underwater and saw the amazing life there. _____70_____(final), we went back to the time machine and returned to real life. At the end of the day, I said to Mario, "I really enjoyed my day in the year 2050." 61. ______62. ______63. ______64. _____65. ______ 66. ______67. ______68. ______69. ______70. ______ 第四节:书面表达(满分15分) 你是一名中学生,想成为国际动物救助中心“ International Animal Helpers” (IAH) 的一名志愿者,请你用英文写一封自荐信。 内容要点如下: 1. 能参加周末活动; 2. 从家乘地铁到“中心”约十分钟; 3. 喜爱动物,愿意帮助它们; 4. 懂一点医学知识; 5. 补充一两点个人信息和想法。 注意: 1. 文中不得透露个人姓名班级; 2.? 词数: 80字左右 3. 不要逐条翻译,内容要连贯得体; 4. 信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇: volunteer? 志愿者???????? medical?? 医学的 Dear Sir/Madam, ? My name is Li Ming. _______________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ ????????????????????????????????????????????? Yours Sincerely, Li Ming?? 参考答案: 1-5 DCBCD 6-10 CABDA 11-15 ABDBC 16-20 CBABC 21-25 ABACB 26-30 BCBAB 31-35 BCDAA 36-40 ABCBD 41-45 ABCDC 46-50 CABDF 第二部分:主观题 51. present 52. mix 53. wide 54. explaining 55. tents 56. cartoon interesting 57.matches 58.a pleasant face 59.to record 60.What program 61. believed 62. At 63. the 64.you 65.because 66. will show 67.beautiful 68.streets 69. to live 70. Finally 书面表达 Dear Sir/Madam, My name is Li Ming. I'm a middle school student. I want to help out as a volunteer at your center. I love animals and I'd like to help them. I have some medical knowledge. I believe I can be a good helper. I live near your center and it takes about 10 minutes to get there by underground. What's more, I'm free on weekends and I can take part in the activities.?If I get the chance, I won't let you down. Looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-5478172 Module 1 Nature and environment Unit 1 Trees 知识点及练习(含答案)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 1 Nature and environment/Unit 1 Trees

    牛津版本 8B Unit 1 Ⅰ. Words. 1. fighter 斗士;战士 e.g. She won't give up easily; she's a real fighter. 她不会轻易放弃的,她是一个真正的斗土。 Doctors and nurses are disease fighters. They always fight against all kinds of diseases. 医生和护土是与疾病斗争的战土。他们总是和各种疾病作斗争。 When the police came, the fighters ran away. 警察到来时,斗殴的人溜走了。 【知识拓展】 fight n. 打架,战斗,斗志 e. g. The two boys had a fight. 两个男孩打了一架。 fight v. (fought; fought)(常与against,with连用)打仗;战斗 e. g. People often have to fight with the enemy. 人们往往不得不抗击敌人。 2. suppose v. 推想,假设 e.g. Scientists supposed that large dinosaurs lived in swamps. 科学家们猜想大型恐龙栖居于沼泽地中。 Suppose your father saw you now, what would you say? 假设你父亲现在看到了你,你该怎么说? 3. pure adj. 纯的,纯粹的,纯净的 e.g. The water in mountain rivers is usually pure. 流经山间的河水通常是纯净的。 She speaks pure French. 她讲一口纯正的法语。 4. natural adj.自然的,自然界的 e.g. It is natural for a cat to catch mice. 猫捉老鼠是本能。 Fire is one of the natural elements in nature. 火是自然界中的自然元素之一。 【知识拓展】 nature n. 自然,自然界,大自然 e.g. This phenomenon is unique in nature. 这种现象在整个自然界是罕见的。 5. gas n. 气体 e.g. There are several kinds of gas in the air, with nitrogen amounting to the most part. 空气中有好几种气体,氮所占的比重最大。 6. release v. 释放,解放 e. g. I released the horse and it ran away. 我放了这匹马,让它跑了。 Four prisoners were released. 四名犯人被释放了。 【知识拓展】 release n. 释放;解脱 e.g. She can expect an early release from prison. 她有望早一点儿出狱。 7. chemical n. 化学物质,药品 e.g. The farmers use chemicals to kill the insects in the fields. 农民用化学药品来杀死地里的害虫。 【知识拓展】 chemical adj. 化学的 chemistry n. 化学 chemist n. 化学家,药剂师 8. nasty adj. 令人厌恶的,令人不悦的 e.g. There's a nasty smell coming from that sewer. 下水道里发出一股很恶心的味道。 Don't be so nasty! 不要发脾气啦! 9. communicate v. 沟通,通信 e.g. My net-pal and I communrcate with each other on the Internet. 我和我的网友通过网络保持联系。 The Minister for Foreign Affairs has already communicated on this event with the American President. 外交部长已经跟美国总统就此事件交换过意见了。 This room communicates with the other room. 这个房间与那个房间相通。 10. hardly adv. 刚刚,几乎不 e.g. I could hardly understand the theory. 我几乎不能理解这个理论。 We had hardly begun when it began to rain. 我们刚一举步就下起雨来了。 It was so dark that I could hardly see. 天那么黑,我几乎什么也着不见。 It hardly snows here in winter. 这里的冬天几乎不下雪。 【知识拓展】 hard adj. 坚固的,困难的 adv.努力地,剧烈地 e.g. She found it hard to make up her mind. 她发觉很难下决心。 It was raining hard last night. 昨晚雨下得很大。 11. warn v. 警告 【常用搭配】 warn somebody about something警告某人某事 e.g. warn somebody not to do something 警告某人不要做某事 The government warned the people about the coming typhoon. 政府警告人民台风将要来袭。 I must warn you not to go out. There is a storm. 我必须警告你不要出门,外面暴风骤雨。 【知识拓展】 warning n. 提醒;警告 e.g. Because of her warning, I was careful. 由于她的提醒,我很小心。 单词扩展速背: destroy v. 破坏;毁坏destruction n.毁坏;毁灭 fighter n. 战士fight v. /n. 战斗,打架 product n. 农产品production n.产品(工业方面)producer n.制片人, 制作者produce v.生产 noise n. 喧闹声, 嘈杂声,噪声noisy adj. 吵闹的; 喧闹的; 嘈杂的noisily adv. 吵闹地 fact n. 事实factor n.因素 breathe v. 呼吸breath n.呼吸 interested adj.感到有兴趣的interesting adj.令人产生兴趣的interest n.兴趣, 爱好 Scientist n.科学家Science n.科学Scientific adj.科学的 pure adj.纯净的purely adv.纯净地 warn v. 警告warning n.警告,告诫 nature n. 自然natural adj.自然的unnatural adj.不自然的naturally adv.自然地 chemical adj.化学的chemicals n.学物质(复)chemistry n. 化学(学科)chemist n.化学家 burn n. / v. 燃烧、烧伤burning adj.(中用于名词前)燃烧着的, 雄心勃勃的, 迫在眉睫的 replace v. 放回原处, 更换, 替换replacement n.更换, 解题的人或物 live v. / a. 居住、现场的living adj.活着的alive adj. 活的lively adj. 活泼的 harm n. 害处harmful adj.有害的harmless adj. 无害的harmlessly adv. 无害的 exchange v. / n. 交流, 交换change v. / n.改变, 替换 hardly adv. 几乎不hard adv. /adj. 努力地、艰难的, 坚硬的 communicate v. 交流, 沟通communication n. 交流,沟通 thank v. 感谢thankful adj. 感谢的, 感激的 main adj. 主要的 mainly adv. 主要地 contain v. 容纳container n.容器 announce v. 公告,宣布announver n. 发言人announcement n. 声明, 公告 enjoy v.享受enjoyment n.享受, 快乐enjoyable adj.令人愉快的 windsurf v. 冲浪windsurfing n. 冲浪运动 leader n. 领导者lead v. 领导 in the end 最后(可用于将来时)at the end of 在……末(可指时间或空间)by the end of 到……为止(用于时间)on the end of 在……末端上 join 参加(组织或个人、人群)take part in 参加(活动)join in参加(活动) Ⅱ. Daily expressions. 日常表达 1. be interested in 对……感兴趣 e. g. Peter is interested in playing football. 彼得对踢足球感兴趣。 指点迷津:interesting 与interested (1) interesting形容词,意为“有趣的”。 e.g.We are going to show an interesting experiment. 我们将给大家做个有趣的实验。 (2) interested形容词,意为“对……感兴趣”,短语be/become interested in。 e.g. They have become interested in science. 他们对自然科学感兴趣。 Are you interested in history? 你对历史感兴趣吗? 2. living things生物 指点迷津: alive 与living 通常情况下,alive做表语(be alive),而living 一般放在名词前做定语用。 e.g. That great man is still alive. 那个伟人依然活着。 all living things 一切生物 Latin is not a living language. 拉丁语不是现代用语。 3. on the end of…在……的末端 e.g. Have you ever noticed the rubber on the end of a pencil? 你有注意过铅笔末端的那个橡皮头吗? 4. of course当然 e. g. -Will you help me please?请你帮助我好吗? -Of course!当然可以! 5. thank…for… 为……而感谢… e.g. He thanked her for the gift. 他感谢她的礼物。 The manager thanked her crew for being so cooperative. 经理感谢她的同事们如此通力合作。 6. take…from…从……中拿出… e.g. When people take trees from the forests, have they ever thought about planting more? 当人们从森林中取走树木的时候,他们有想过要种更多的树木吗? 7. release…into… 将……释放到……中 e.g. Look, that steel work is releasing black smoke into the air. 看呀,那家钢铁厂正在向空气中排放黑烟。 8. as well as也,还 e.g. He as well as his sisters, is going to Canada. 他和他的姐妹们将要去加拿大。 She is clever as well as beautiful. 她不仅聪明,而且漂亮。 Penguins can swim under the water as well as on the top of it. 企鹅不但能在水里游,而且能在水上游。 【知识拓展】 注意区别as well as/not only…but also… ①The teacher, as well as the students, wishes for a holiday.(重点放在前者) ②Not only the students but also the teacher wishes for a holiday. (重点放在后者) 9. protect…by doing sth. 通过……保护… e.g. The parents wanted to protect their children by locking them in the house. 这对父母希望通过将孩子反锁在家中来保护他们的安全。 10. join…together将……连在一起 e.g. The trees nearby can join their roots together. 周围的树木可以将它们的根系交织在一起。 11. communicate with one another相互联系,相互沟通 e.g. Nowadays, people usually communicate with each other through the Internet. 如今,人们常常通过因特网相互联系。 指点迷津:one another, each other 一般来说,在表示两个人之间的相互关系时用each other,表示两人以上的相互关系时用one another,但在实际运用时两者皆可。 e.g. Students should help each other. 学生们应当相互帮助。 Stuttents share their ideas freely with one another. 学生们可以自由地交换他们的想法。 12. hardly any 几乎没有 e.g. He spent nearly all his money. He had hardly any left. 他几乎花光所有的钱。他几乎没有剩下任何东西。 13. in danger 处于危险中 e.g. He is in danger, please inform him as soon as possible. 他处于危险之中,请尽快通知他。 The people in the burning house are in danger. 房子着火了,里面的人正处于危险中。 14. protect sb. by/from/against ……保护 e.g. The man raised his arm to protect his face from the blow. 这个男人抬起胳膊挡住他的脸部免受拳击。 Please wear a hat to protect your head against the sun. 请戴好帽子,免得头部遭到暴晒。 15. What else…? 还有什么……? e.g. What else do you want to buy? 你还想买些什么? 【随堂小练】 I. Fill in the blanks with the given words in their proper forms. 1. We should try our best to fight ( pollute). 2. The man is a brave (fight). We should learn from him. 3. Students should clean the classroom (they) after school. 4. Sam wants to be a ( science) when he grows up in the future. 5. Boys and girls, how many (nature) elements do you know? II. Choose the right word to complete the sentence. 1. We will have a meeting to talk about the plan (at /on) the end of this week. 2. You can find a hotel (at / on) the end of the street. 3. People usually communicate ( with / to) each other in the tea bar. 4. Let's talk about the project (to / on) the Open Day. 【keys】 I. 1. pollution 2. fighter 3. themselves 4. scientist 5. natural Ⅱ. 1. at 2. on 3. with 4. on Step 4: Important Sentences structures. 1. They make streets more beautiful and less noisy. “more”和“less”用于多音节和一些双音节形容词和副词之前。“more”表示“更加”,“less”表示“不如,较差”。 e. g. Jane is less beautiful than Susan. 珍妮没有苏珊漂亮。 Susan’s more beautiful than Jane. 苏珊比珍妮更漂亮。 2. And, I suppose you also enjoy breathing pure, cool air. enjoy doing意为“喜欢做……事,享受做……事的乐趣”。 e.g. I enjoy reading books at home on Sundays. 周日我喜欢在家看书。 3. … produce enough oxygen to keep your whole class alive and healthy for a whole year. enough+n. +to do e.g. I have enough time to finish the work.我有足够的时间来完成这份工作。 adj. /adv. +enough+ to do e.g. It's warm enough to swim. 天气足够暖和,可以游泳。 He didn't run fast enough to catch the train. 他跑得不够快,没有赶上火车。 【随堂练习】 Ⅰ. Read and choose the best answer. ( )1. The boy was interested chess and volleyball. A. playing B. in play C. in playing D. of play ( )2. You must always keep your room . A. tidily B. tidy C. untidy D. untidily ( )3. The boss made my grandfather fifteen hours a day in old days. A. work B. worked C. working D. to work ( )4. I like many kinds of sports playing football and diving. A. for example B. such as C. like as D. so as ( )5. I could believe that my son worked so . A. hard; hard B. hard; hardly C. hardly; hard D. hardly; hardly Ⅱ. Rewrite the sentences as required. 1. Ted is sunbathing and having Coke on the beach. (改为一般疑问句) Ted and having Coke on the beach? 2. Trees are in great danger. (改为反意疑问句) Trees are in great danger, ? 3. We can save our earth by planting more trees. (就划线部分提问) we save our earth? 【keys】 Ⅰ.1. C 2. B 3. A 4. B 5. C Ⅱ. 1. Is; sunbathing 2. aren't they 3. How; can

  • ID:4-2523158 Module 1 Nature and environment Unit 2 Water 教案

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 1 Nature and environment/Unit 2 Water

    Unit 2 Water 1教学目标 Language learning objectives To learn the new words and phrases To be familiar with water’s journey Skill and ability objective To develop listening and speaking skills Instructional objective To be aware of the preciousness of water 2学情分析 我任教的是本校一个普通班级,在过去的两年多时间里,充分利用好教材(牛津教材)所提供的丰富教学资源,我认真解析文本、创设语言学习环境、设计和实施教学活动,学生的英语听说读写的能力得到了有效的训练和提升。 3重点难点 本课教学内容是牛津教材8B Chapter 6,是一篇关于水的科普性短文。文章较长,且有一定难度,无法在30分钟时间内完成对整篇文章的教学,所以我选择文章中介绍水流程的一段。原因是:1)这部分相对独立,意思完整;2)这部分是课文学习的教学重点;3)这部分包含了本课的重点词汇。本课作为第一教时,我希望能突破教学的重点和难点,为后面的教学打好基础,消除障碍。 4教学过程 学时重点 Language learning objectives To learn the new words and phrases To be familiar with water’s journey Skill and ability objective ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津上海版八年级英语下册unit2 water教案.doc

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  • ID:4-2523157 Module 1 Nature and environment Unit 1 Trees 教案

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 1 Nature and environment/Unit 1 Trees

    Unit 1 Trees 1教学目标 Language skills 语言技能 The students can collect the Frame Elements ( verb-phrases) The students can put the Frame Elements into sentences. The students will be able to write a passage with proper use of Frame Elements and useful patterns based on the Frameworks to describe their ideas about pollution. Language knowledge. 语言知识 The students can use the key phrases and expression upon environment . The students can better understand the functions of present tense Emotion 情感态度 By involving the students’ on pollution problem, the students will be able to share their ideas and suggestion on protecting the environment. D. Learning strategies 学习策略 1、The students will learn to be cooperative in group to complete the task. 2、 The students will be able to use Framework to organize their vocabulary knowledge and carry out their writing . 2学情分析 I don’t know any basic things relating to English writing about my would-be students in NanWu middle school . But I have to predict and try to conduct my teaching adjustably on the realistic teaching that day . supposedly , the students have a unit-long inputs and intakes about the topic –protecting the environment , including the words and expressions, to describe pollutions around us or just a little .On one hand ,they are more likely to asked to finish a writing about their ideas about the pollutions in the writing part. On the ot

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  • ID:4-2523156 Module 3 Leisure time Unit 7 Poems 教案

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 3 Leisure time/Unit 7 Poems

    Unit 7 Poems 1教学目标 By the end of the lesson, the students will have learned the meaning, form and pronunciation as well as practised the use of the new lexis in the context of reading a poem Never a dull moment. 2学情分析 My class is composed of 11 girls and 12 boys aged from 14 to 15. Relatively speaking, girls perform better in English learning. Most of the students are interested and active and they are willing to express themselves in class when they are confident in their answers. But if faced with challenges, they will be too nervous and become less active. Besides, there are about two-fifth of the students who are very quiet and shy. They need more care, encouragement and confidence to show their ideas even if they are asked easy questions. All the students lack a natural communicative environment to learn, practice and use new lexis. Most of them just read the new lexis, remember the Chinese meaning and recite the spelling in a very simple and traditional way without enough emphasis on meaning, form and pronunciation. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津上海版八年级英语下册unit 7 poems教案.doc

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  • ID:4-2523155 Module 3 Leisure time Unit 6 Travel 教案

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 3 Leisure time/Unit 6 Travel

    Unit 6 Travel 1教学目标 【语言知识】:1.区分形容词和副词的用法。 2.学习副词的构成和用法。 3.学习副词比较级和最高级的形式和用法。 【语言技能】:用副词修饰动作,并用副词的比较级和最高级表示程度。 【能力目标】:学生学会 “观察--归纳总结---运用”的基本语法学习方法。 【学习策略】:主动探究,善于发现语言规律并能运用规律举一反三。 【情感态度】:学生通过感受副词在语法中的重要作用,激发对语法学习的兴趣,并通过对副词的学习,树立主动学以致用的意识。 2学情分析 学生的英语水平层次不一,一小部分的同学有着较扎实的基础而且英语成绩良好,中间部分较少,而大面积的同学基础薄弱,对于语法的认识可能是一知半解或者是模模糊糊,所以通过学习本节内容,让学生更系统的认识副词语法的用法并掌握副词三级的重点和难点,为下学期初三复习打好基础。 3重点难点 【重点】:1副词在句中的位置和用法 2.学习副词的构成和用法及其比较级和最高级的形式及用法。 【难点】:1.区分容易混淆的副词如hard, fast, late, well等的用法。 2.副词的比较级和最高级变化和应用。 3. 副词的比较级前可加修饰词,如:even, a bit, a little, much, a lot, far等 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津上海版八年级英语下册unit 6 travel教案.doc

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  • ID:4-2523154 Module 2 Mass media Unit 5 Magazine articles 教案

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 2 Mass media/Unit 5 Magazine articles

    Unit 5 Magazine Articles 1教学目标 (一)教材分析 授课文本选自《英语(牛津上海版)》八年级第二学期Module 2 Unit 5 Magazine Articles的补充阅读材料Scientists Discover a Sixth Sense。本模块以“大众传媒”为主题,而单元话题则围绕“杂志文章”,呈现了杂志文章可能涉及的内容与体裁。该文本是依据Dr Sheldrake的一项真实的实验报告展开,探究人类在被人盯着看的时候,是否有能力感知,是一篇科普性较强又不乏趣味的文章。依据牛津教材对More Practice这一栏目设立的要求,该文本旨在对主体作进一步的延伸,帮助学生了解科普文章(作为杂志文章的一个常见分类)的基本要素,并联系生活拓展学生视野。 (二)教学目标 通过阅读,学生能掌握本课目标词汇:five senses (hearing, smell, sight, taste, touch), stare at, prove, blindfold, blow a whistle, in random order等。 通过预测、略读、细读等不同的阅读技巧,学生能对第六感有一个基本的认知。 通过合作学习,学生能了解实验报告的基本要素,并加以实际运用独立完成实验。 通过结合自身经历与实验,学生的辩证思维能力能得到提升。 2学情分析 授课班级为八年级外招班,整体基础水平较好,学生思维敏锐、记忆力强、课堂注意力集中,具有良好的创新意识和丰富的想象力,以及良好的自主学习能力。在单元主课文的铺垫之下,学生对杂志文章的表现形式有了基本的认识,又因为授课班级对科普性知识有较为浓厚的兴趣,更加适合拓展性思维的课程内容。 3重点难点 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津上海版八年级英语下册unit 5 magazine articles教案.doc

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  • ID:4-2523153 Module 2 Mass media Unit 4 Newspapers教案

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 2 Mass media/Unit 4 Newspapers

    Unit 4 Newspapers 1教学目标 Bytheendofthelesson,studentsareexpectedto: 1. learnsomenewwordsrelatedtonewspaperssuchas…(publish,talkover…) 2. knowaboutsomebasicinformationaboutanewspapersuchasdifferentkindsofnewspapers, differentsections andanewspapercommittee. 3. developanawarenessofreadingtheprintednewspapers. 2学情分析 学情分析: 1. 学生已有背景知识:学生对于报纸的种类,构成的元素,各种版面以及报纸委员会成员的工作和职责虽然略知一 二,但还不够全面。再者由于乡镇学校的学生在获取信息方面的来源比较困乏,所以纸质的报纸对于学生而言无疑 是一种最直接和最有效的信息来源。同时考虑到学生没有读报的习惯,所以特设本课时,以此帮助学生比较全面的 了解报纸的相关构成信息并培养学生读报的意识。 2. 学生已有语言知识:初二的学生在平日的阅读课中,对于新词在语境中的猜测已经掌握了一定的技巧。同时在语言 的表达上也有了一定的积累。 3. 学生已有语言技能:初二的学生具有一定的听、说、读、写的技能。但技能的发展还需要进一步的训练和提升。本 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津上海版八年级英语下册unit 4newspapers教案.doc

    • 同步授课教案
    • 2016-11-11
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  • ID:4-2523152 Module 1 Nature and environment Unit 3 Electricity 教案

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 1 Nature and environment/Unit 3 Electricity

    Unit 3 Electricity 1教学目标 At the end of the lesson, students are expected to learn about how electricity works everywhere in the cities and in the countryside; enlarge vocabulary: drive, (operate, power) , produce, work,(entertain), churn, wonder; talk about the benefits and importance of electricity in people’s daily life; be aware of the fact that life would be terrible without electricity and learn to understand modern life is fantastic and full of amazement because of electricity; develop group presentation skills. 2学情分析 授课班级为世外中学双语班,英语能力较八年级其他境内班级学生而言相对薄弱,大多数学生平时能够读懂难度中等及中上的阅读材料,积极参与课堂互动,并在老师的指导下完成课堂对话及小组表演的口头展示。 3重点难点 文章中的名词、形容词活用动词和相关词组: light the streets, warm people, heat food, drive trains, milk the cow, chop their food, churn the butter。并补充同义动词operate, power, produce,entertain等。 通过不同形式的阅读教学策略来帮助学生加深对文本内容及词汇的理解和掌握。 口头操练并复习巩固学生已有的一些关于描述电给生活带来的好处的形容词极其反义词:(un)comfortable, (in)convenient, (in)efficient, (un)enjoyable, (un)interesting等。并把文中所学运用到最后的presentation环节,描述电对我们生活的重要性。 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津上海版八年级英语下册unit 3 electricity教案.doc

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  • ID:4-2199374 牛津上海版英语八年级下册教案:Module 1 Nature and environment Unit 1 Trees(3课时)

    初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/八年级下(新版)/Module 1 Nature and environment/Unit 1 Trees

    U1 Pollution Fighters Period I Teaching objectives: 1) Reviewing and learning some more information about trees. 2) Having students catch the general ideas of the whole passage and understand some new words and expressions. e.g. living things, release, oxygen, etc. Difficulties: To read through the whole passage. Teaching aids: Blackboard, computer, over-head project Teaching procedures Warming-up: 1) Write from the memory. 2) Read the comics on page 15 and let students know that we’ll talk about the biggest and oldest living things on earth ----trees. Pre-task preparations: 1) Let students talk freely to see how much they know about trees and make a guess to see whose number is close to the answer. 2) Answer the questions in " What do you know about …?" ================================================ 压缩包内容: 牛津上海版英语八年级下册教案:Unit 1Trees.doc

    • 同步授课教案
    • 2016-04-06
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